Town of Woodbridge, CT
New Haven County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Selectmen of the Town of Woodbridge 12-11-1991; amended 6-10-1992; 4-21-1994, effective 5-23-1994. Subsequent amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Citation hearing procedure — See Ch. 15.
Removal of dog litter — See Ch. 160, Art. I.
Mass public assemblies — See Ch. 166.
Demolition of buildings — See Ch. 183.
Streets and sidewalks — See Ch. 375.

§ 485-1 Declaration of policy.

The accumulation, collection, removal and disposal of solid waste must be controlled by this municipality for the protection of the public health, safety, and welfare. It is consequently found and declared that:
A. 
This municipality is authorized by law to regulate the disposition of solid waste generated within its boundaries and to collect fees and issue permits; and
B. 
This municipality is required by Connecticut General Statutes (C.G.S.), §§ 22a-220 and 22a-241, to make provisions for the separation, collection, processing and marketing of items designated for recycling; and
C. 
This municipality is also authorized by C.G.S. § 22a-220a to designate the area where solid waste generated within its boundaries shall be disposed of; and
D. 
This municipality has executed the municipal services agreement requiring it to cause all acceptable solid waste generated within its boundaries to be delivered to the Bridgeport Resource Recovery Facility; and
E. 
The public health, safety and welfare of this municipality will be best served by requiring the delivery of acceptable solid waste to the Bridgeport Facility for processing into products that have an economic value.

§ 485-2 General definitions.

As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ACCEPTABLE SOLID WASTE
Unwanted or discarded materials of the kind normally collected or disposed of, or caused to be collected or disposed of, by or on behalf of a municipality through private or municipal collection, and commercial, governmental and light industrial waste that a municipality is required by state law to make provision for the safe and sanitary disposal of, but not including in any case hazardous waste or oversized and nonburnable waste, or recyclable materials.
BRIDGEPORT RESOURCE RECOVERY FACILITY
The solid waste disposal and energy recovery and steam and electric facility designed, constructed, operated and maintained pursuant to an agreement with the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority (CRRA).
BULKY WASTE
Land-clearing debris, demolition and construction waste such as tree stumps, brush, and other organic material that is chipped, is not considered as bulky waste.
COMMERCIAL COLLECTOR
Any person, firm or corporation charging a fee for the collection, transportation and/or dumping of garbage.
CONTAMINATION
The co-mingling of any recyclable material or solid waste with a designated recyclable item, which co-mingling negatively impacts the ability to process, market or recycle the designated item, or which renders designated items unrecyclable.
DESIGNATED COLLECTION AREA(S)
A collection place used to aggregate waste prior to transportation to a disposal area, such as a container, receptacle or other spot chosen by the Board of Selectmen or its agents.
DESIGNATED DISPOSAL AREA(S)
A disposal place, chosen by the Board of Selectmen or its agents, where solid waste is taken for processing or sale.
DUMP
To deposit, discharge, place and dispose of solid waste.
HAZARDOUS WASTE
Hazardous waste, as defined in C.G.S. § 22a-115, and radioactive waste, as defined in C.G.S. § 22a-148, and biomedical waste, as defined in C.G.S. § 22a-207.
NONRESIDENTIAL PROPERTY
Business and commercial establishments within the Town, including but not limited to offices, stores, restaurants, institutions, nursing homes, motels, manufacturing facilities, warehouses, etc. (See also the definition of "residential property.")
OVERSIZED AND NONBURNABLE WASTE
Unwanted or discarded materials that in the judgment of the Bridgeport Resource Recovery Facility operator, reasonably exercised, cannot be processed in the facility because of size or noncombustibility, including dirt, concrete and other nonburnable construction material and demolition debris; and any other item of waste exceeding six feet in any one of its dimensions.
PERSON
Any individual, company, corporation, public or private, society or association.
RECYCLABLE MATERIALS
Any discarded material as follows: cardboard, glass containers, metal containers, newspaper, storage batteries, waste oil, scrap metal, office paper, yard waste, tires and plastic containers.
RESIDENT
One who resides, owns real property or operates or has a place of business in the Town of Woodbridge.
RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY
Real estate containing one or more dwelling units. (See also the definition of "nonresidential property.")
SOLID WASTE
All unwanted or discarded materials or refuse, including solid, liquid, semisolid or contained gaseous materials.

§ 485-3 Materials definitions.

As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
CARDBOARD
Corrugated boxes and similar corrugated paper materials that have a minimum of contamination by food and other material.
GLASS CONTAINER
Any unbroken glass bottle or jar of any size or shape used to package food or beverage products suitable for human or animal consumption.
METAL CONTAINER
Any aluminum, bimetal, steel, tin-plated or other metallic can, plate or tray of any size or shape used to package food or beverage products suitable for human or animal consumption. Clean aluminum foil is also included in this category.
NEWSPAPER
Any used or discarded newsprint, which has a minimum of contamination by food and other material. The only gloss-printed paperstock in this category is the color print insert commonly found in Sunday editions.
OFFICE PAPER
Any used or discarded high-grade white paper, computer printout, manila cardstock, or photocopying paper that is suitable for recycling and has a minimum of contamination.
PLASTIC CONTAINERS
Polyethylene terephthalate "PETE 1" containers of any size or shape used to package food and beverage products, or high density polyethylene "HDPE 2" containers of any size or shape used to package food and beverage products, household laundry and cleaning products or crankcase oil.
SCRAP METAL
Used or discarded items that consist predominantly of ferrous metals, aluminum, brass, lead, chromium, tin, nickel or alloys thereof, including but not limited to white goods.
SCRAP TIRES
Discarded rubber or synthetic rubber tires used by or manufactured for vehicles, including but not limited to automobiles, trucks, buses and trailers.
STORAGE BATTERIES
Batteries used in motor vehicles, airplanes, boats, recreational vehicles, tractors and like applications, or other lead acid batteries.
WASTE OIL
Crankcase oil that has been utilized in internal combustion engines.
WOOD CHIPS
Shredded material from trees or bushes, not exceeding four inches in any dimension and not including demolition material.
YARD WASTE
Natural materials, including but not limited to leaves, grass clippings, plants, and shrubs.

§ 485-4 Hours of operation.

The landfill and/or transfer station will be open for use as follows: 8:30 to 3:00 Tuesday through Saturday. The landfill and/or transfer station will be closed on all legal holidays.

§ 485-5 Designation of solid waste disposal area.

Pursuant to Connecticut General Statutes, § 22a-220a, the Bridgeport Resource Recovery Facility is designated as the area where acceptable solid waste shall be disposed of. All waste collected or generated within the boundaries of Woodbridge by residential, business, commercial or other establishments shall be disposed of in accord with this section. The disposal of acceptable solid waste at any other area is prohibited, except that the Board of Selectmen may approve, in writing, the temporary disposal at another location either within or outside the boundaries of the Town.

§ 485-6 Transportation of waste generated by occupants of nonresidential properties.

A. 
Occupants of nonresidential properties located within Woodbridge who generate acceptable solid waste are responsible for the transportation of their solid waste to the Bridgeport Resource Recovery Facility. All tip fees and other fees charged to the Town for disposal of this waste shall be billed to the haulers providing transportation service. Said fees must be paid in full within 30 days. Late payments will be subject to interest charges at the statutory rates.
B. 
Occupants of nonresidential properties may use the designated collection area under the following conditions:
(1) 
The occupants who on or before January 12, 1992, used a hauler utilizing a nonmechanized or manual method of picking up the trash receptacles used by the occupant.
(2) 
The haulers providing this service will pay the Town such charges in such manner as the Board of Selectmen deem appropriate. These charges shall be based on the proportionate share of the Town's cost for transfer, transportation, and tip fees relating to the disposal of the solid waste.

§ 485-7 Restrictions on use of designated area(s).

A. 
Only permitted commercial collectors or residents of the Town shall be allowed to deposit solid waste in the collection or disposal area designated by the Town, and only solid waste generated within the Town may be so deposited there.
B. 
Only acceptable solid waste, as defined in § 485-2, may be discarded at the designated disposal area.
C. 
Any resident or commercial collector who seeks to dump solid waste at the designated collection or disposal area may be required to certify, in writing, under penalties of false statement as provided in the General Statutes of Connecticut, that the solid waste to be dumped was generated or collected within the Town. Any commercial collector who refuses to provide certification, in writing, as specified in this subsection as to any load of solid waste, or part thereof, shall not be permitted to dispose of their load and shall remove their vehicle from the designated collection area immediately.
D. 
Prior to permitting any person other than a commercial collector to dump solid waste in the designated collection area, the Board of Selectmen or its agent or employees may require that person or that person's agents or employees to present satisfactory proof of residence within Woodbridge.
E. 
Dumping shall be permitted only at times and on days established by the Board of Selectmen and in particular locations as designated by the Board of Selectmen or though its agents or employees.
F. 
No one shall dump or cause to be dumped at the designated collection or disposal areas any solid waste as follows:
(1) 
Any solid waste collected or generated from any place other than within the boundaries of the Town.
(2) 
Any hazardous waste.
(3) 
Any tires from motor vehicles or machinery generated by occupants of nonresidential property.
(4) 
Large items of machinery and equipment, including but not limited to motor vehicles and major components thereof (transmissions, rear ends, springs, fenders), agricultural equipment, trailers and marine vessels.
(5) 
Any bulky waste and/or nonburnable and/or oversized waste delivered in containers or vehicles with a capacity greater than two cubic yards.
G. 
Oversized and nonburnable waste, as defined in § 485-2, may not be dumped at the designated disposal area. This material may be dumped at the designated collection area but must be segregated from the solid waste.

§ 485-8 Permitting of commercial collectors.

A. 
No person engaged in the business of collection or disposal of solid waste shall deposit solid waste in the designated disposal or collection area(s) without first obtaining a permit.
B. 
Evidence of liability insurance in effect covering all vehicles to be used to transport solid waste into the designated collection area, with the Town as named insured, is required.
C. 
Each permittee will provide a current list of all vehicles and removable bodies to be used for transportation of solid waste to the designated disposal or collection area(s). Changes in vehicles or removable bodies used to transport solid waste to the designated area(s) shall be provided by the permittee as changes occur. The list shall designate each vehicle by Connecticut registration number, cubic yard capacity, tare weight and gross weight and each removable body by identification number, cubic yard capacity, tare weight and gross weight.
D. 
Any permitted commercial collector who attempts to deposit any solid waste collected or generated in towns other than Woodbridge shall be ordered to remove the vehicle from the designated disposal or collection area immediately, notwithstanding the claim that some part of said load of solid waste was collected or generated in the Town of Woodbridge.
E. 
A valid permit must be in possession of the operator or driver of each vehicle before any dumping will be allowed.
F. 
Each permittee shall accept the condition that, upon any breach of this chapter or of any provisions of the State Health Code, said permit will terminate.
G. 
Each permittee shall submit to the Town annually a list of the names and addresses of customers from which solid waste is collected.
H. 
Any false information, certifications or documents shall be deemed a violation of this chapter and violators shall be subject to the provisions of § 485-13, Enforcement; revocation of permits.

§ 485-9 Permits.

A. 
Residents who plan to use their own vehicle(s) for hauling solid waste must obtain and display a Class 1 or Class 2 permit as defined in Subsection D below.
B. 
Noncommercial collectors, landscapers and contractors doing work for residents or residents of the Town who use their own vehicles but dispose of items other than yard waste and household solid waste shall obtain a Class 3 permit as defined in Subsection D below.
C. 
The aforesaid permits may be suspended at any time by the First Selectman or designated agent. Renewal of the permit may be refused if the manner in which solid waste, rubbish, , or waste is collected, transported or handled is, in the judgment of the First Selectman or designated agent, unsanitary, or constitutes a nuisance or hazard, or is in violation of this chapter.
D. 
Types of residential permits (See § 485-11 for schedule of fees):
Class
Type of Waste
Type of Vehicle
Use
Length of Permit
1
Household and yard waste
Passenger cars
Noncommercial, used by resident
Indefinite
2
Household and yard waste
Pickup
Noncommercial, used by resident
One year
3
Bulky waste
Truck, van, passenger car
Commercial or noncommercial depending on waste
Varies depending on each project

§ 485-10 Preparation and separation of materials designated for recycling.

A. 
Any person who generates solid waste shall make provisions for the separation of all recyclable materials, as defined in § 485-2, from solid waste prior to depositing the solid waste at the designated area(s). Office paper generated by occupants of residential properties is excluded from this provision and is not subject to mandatory recycling.
B. 
Occupants of nonresidential property shall make private arrangements for the pickup and disposal of all recyclable materials in a safe and sanitary manner, by a commercial collector. The Town shall not accept recyclable materials from occupants of nonresidential property at a Town operated collection facility or designated disposal facility unless the occupants qualify for the exception outlined in § 485-6B.
C. 
Residential property occupants shall prepare the following recyclable materials, as described below:
(1) 
Glass containers: unbroken, rinsed clean, caps discarded.
(2) 
Metal containers: rinsed clean.
(3) 
Plastic containers: rinsed clean, caps discarded, must have "PETE 1" or "HDPE 2" code marked or embossed on container bottom. No other plastic containers are to be recycled. Caps are to be discarded.
(4) 
Newspaper: tied securely in bundles with twine or like material not exceeding 18 inches thick, or placed in brown paper bags.
D. 
The following materials shall also be separated from the solid waste and prepared as directed:
(1) 
Corrugated cardboard. Containers must be flattened and tied in bundles, the length or width of which shall not exceed 36 inches.
(2) 
Tree stumps and logs. Stumps must be cleaned of all dirt and stones. Stumps larger than 30 inches in diameter must be split into logs not to exceed 12 inches in diameter. Logs must be cut into three-foot lengths or shorter. Roots and branches must be removed from all stumps and logs.
(3) 
Brush. Limbs may not exceed two inches in diameter.
(4) 
Other over-sized waste, such as old furniture, mattresses, and nonwood demolition materials.
E. 
Each load of solid waste will be subject to inspection prior to being dumped. Any person attempting to dump unseparated solid waste into the designated area(s) shall be ordered to remove their vehicle and materials.
F. 
Enforcement. Any commercial collector or private contractor, who has reason to believe that a customer has violated the separation requirements of this section, shall promptly notify the Town of the alleged violation.
G. 
All solid waste is subject to inspection prior to pickup by the commercial collector to determine proper separation and segregation of recyclable materials and solid waste as set forth in this chapter.

§ 485-11 Fee schedule for permits and dumping of bulky waste, brush and wood chips.

A. 
All permits granted to commercial collectors, as defined in § 485-2, shall be effective for a period of one year from date of issuance. The fee for a permit shall be $50 for each vehicle or compactor unit used to transport solid waste to the designated areas.
B. 
All Class 3 permits granted in accordance with § 485-9 shall be charged a fee as outlined below. Fees are payable prior to dumping and must be paid for each separate load dumped.
Class 3 Fee Schedule
Type of Material
Fee
Wood chips
$5 per cubic yard
Brush
$10 per cubic yard
Bulky waste
$20 per cubic yard
Note: Loads less than 1/2 of the vehicle or container capacity by volume may be prorated at 1/2 the listed charge.
C. 
Failure to pay any disposal fee shall be considered a violation of this chapter.

§ 485-12 Prohibition against removing recyclable materials from designated collection area.

No person shall remove any materials from the designated collection area without authorization.

§ 485-13 Enforcement; revocation of permits.

A. 
Whenever the First Selectman or designated agent has reasonable grounds to believe that there has been a violation of any provision of this chapter, including failure to pay fees and fines, he shall give notice of such violation to the persons responsible therefor. Such notice shall be delivered either by hand or by certified mail to the last known address of the permittee and shall include a statement of the violation(s).
B. 
The First Selectman or designated agent may take one or more of the following actions based on the severity of the violation:
(1) 
Allow a reasonable time, not to exceed 10 days, to remedy the violation(s). If corrective action is not taken within the time period allowed, the First Selectman or designated agent may cause the violation to be corrected and bill the person for the cost thereof; or
(2) 
For residents who are using a private collector for solid waste and/or recyclable materials, the resident in violation of this chapter may be subject to a fine not to exceed $100 and/or noncollection of solid waste; or
(3) 
Suspension of the permit.
C. 
If such suspension is for a reason that might involve a serious and immediate risk to life, health or property, the suspension shall take effect immediately without a hearing. Otherwise, the suspension shall not take effect until after a hearing is held after an appeal is requested, and a decision is rendered pursuant thereto. If no appeal is requested, the suspension shall take effect six calendar days following receipt by the permittee of the written notice of suspension.
D. 
When a violation of this chapter has occurred, each separate truckload of material deposited or otherwise dumped at the designated area shall be deemed a separate offense, and the responsible person(s) may be charged with the actual expense of removal and disposition of such substance outside the Town in addition to any other fines, fees or penalties required herein.
E. 
Any partner, joint venturer, employer, principal, agent, employee of a person that has violated any provision of this section, and any share holder who owns more than 10% of any stock in a corporation that has violated any provision of this section shall be presumed to be a person who has violated a provision of this section.

§ 485-14 Hearing procedure.

A. 
Any person or persons who are fined, assessed penalties or costs because of a violation of this chapter shall follow the hearing procedure outlined in Chapter 15, Citation Hearing Procedure.
B. 
Any person or persons whose permit to dump at the designated area(s) has been suspended pursuant to this chapter, or the enabling ordinance, may apply, in writing, to the Board of Selectmen, for a hearing on the violation or suspension, within five calendar days of the receipt of written notice of such violation or suspension.
C. 
Within seven calendar days of the filing of the application, the Board of Selectmen shall set a date for a hearing on the application, which date shall be within 21 calendar days of filing of the application, and shall give written notice of the time and place of the hearing to the permittee.
D. 
At such hearing the permittee may present evidence in support of any claim that the permit should not be suspended. The permittee may be represented by counsel and may present testimony, documentary or other evidence in support of the claim, and may cross-examine any persons testifying against such party.
E. 
If the Board of Selectmen, based on evidence presented at the hearing, decide that the permit should be reinstated, it should so advise the permittee, in writing, whereupon such suspension shall not take effect. If the Board of Selectmen decide that the suspension should take effect, it shall so advise the permittee. The decision shall be sent by certified mail and shall become effective upon receipt.

§ 485-15 Public events; prohibited dumping.

A. 
Public events. The Town shall require the separation of recyclables as a condition of authorizing public events held on or in Town property at which solid waste and recyclables will be generated. Recyclable materials to be collected at events are as follows:
(1) 
Plastic containers.
(2) 
Glass containers.
(3) 
Metal containers.
B. 
Any of the following types of dumping of rubbish is prohibited:
(1) 
The deposit or throwing of rubbish, solid waste, refuse or waste upon the public highway, public property, or any vacant lot within the Town, except material lawfully deposited upon the area designated by the Board of Selectmen.
(2) 
The deposit or throwing of rubbish, solid waste, refuse or waste upon private property by persons not the lawful occupants of such property.
(3) 
The deposit of stones, cinders and ashes upon the public highway or public property within the Town except in cases where written permission is first obtained of the First Selectman or designated agent.

§ 485-16 Curbside removal of waste.

[Added 3-22-2010, effective 4-22-2010]
A. 
Each resident who has made private arrangements with commercial collectors for the curbside pickup of rubbish, garbage, refuse and other waste (collectively referred to as "waste") shall comply with the following:
(1) 
All such waste shall be placed in proper containers and positioned on the area abutting the property of the resident at the street curbline so as not to constitute a nuisance or otherwise be objectionable to neighborhood properties;
(2) 
All containers shall be placed on the area abutting the property of the resident at the street curbline by the resident no more than 24 hours prior to the scheduled pickup;
(3) 
All containers shall be removed from the street by the resident after the waste has been collected, but no later than 24 hours after the collection;
(4) 
All solid waste which has not been collected shall be removed from the street no later than 24 hours after the collection should have occurred;
(5) 
All waste containers, when not set out for collection, shall be stored away from the front yard of each property and shall be stored no closer than 15 feet from any adjoining residence.
B. 
Any resident utilizing the Town's program for the Town-wide pickup of solid waste, such as appliances, furniture, etc., shall comply with the following:
(1) 
Make an appointment with the Department of Public Works ("DPW") for the pickup of solid waste in accordance with the times established by the DPW;
(2) 
Place the solid waste material at the area abutting the property directly in front of the residence at the street curbline by the resident no more than 72 hours prior to the scheduled appointment for the pickup;
(3) 
Remove any items of solid waste from the curbside that were deemed unfit by the DPW to be removed no later than 24 hours after the scheduled pickup;
(4) 
All waste containers, when not set out for collection, shall be stored away from the front yard and side yards of each property and shall be stored no closer than 15 feet to any adjoining residence.
C. 
Penalties for offenses.
(1) 
A written warning shall be issued to any resident who is in violation of any provisions of § 485-16.
(2) 
A second violation of § 485-16 shall be subject to a fine of $100 and a third violation, and each additional violation, shall be subject to a fine of $150.
(3) 
The Town's Department of Public Works shall be charged with enforcing the provisions of § 485-16, including the issuance of any warnings and fines allowed by this section.
D. 
The procedures established by Chapter 15, Citation Hearing Procedure, of this Code may be applied to citations or fines issued under this section. The provisions of this section, further may be enforced in any court having jurisdiction over violations, fines, arrests and prosecution.