Town of Highlands, NY
Orange County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Board of the Town of Highlands 6-15-1966. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Excavation — See Ch. 105.

§ 77-1 Definitions.

As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
PERSON
Includes a corporation, partnership, firm or individual association.

§ 77-2 Permits.

A. 
No person shall blast or cause to be blasted any rock or other substance with any explosive as defined in this chapter, in the Town of Highlands, without first obtaining a permit from the Town Clerk covering the specific blasting operation, upon written application, in a form approved by the Town Board.
B. 
Before such permit is issued, the person shall have in his possession a valid license to purchase, own, possess, transport or use explosives, issued for the Explosives Licensing Unit, New York State Department of Labor, and no such license will be issued to anyone under 18 years of age or otherwise considered ineligible as defined in § 459 of Article 16, Industrial Code Rule No. 39.
C. 
No permit shall be issued under the provisions of this chapter to any person unless he shall submit evidence in the form of a certificate of insurance issued by an insurance company authorized to do business in the State of New York and in a form acceptable to the Town Attorney, guaranteeing that the applicant has in full force and effect a policy of public liability insurance, including a specific endorsement covering the liabilities arising from blasting and providing bodily injury coverage and property damage insurance of not less than $1,000,000, with the option by the Town Board to reduce said amount to $300,000. Such policy shall also provide to save the Town of Highlands harmless from all claims, actions and proceedings brought by any person, firm or corporation for injury to person or property resulting from or occasioned by such blasting operations. Such policy shall not be canceled, terminated, modified or changed by the company unless 10 days prior written notice is sent to the Town Clerk by registered mail. Such policy shall also provide that the presence of an inspector of the town, or its lawfully appointed representative, on the site of operations shall not affect the obligation of the insurer under its policy. No permit shall be valid unless such insurance is in full force and effect. The certificate if insurance so submitted may be written for a specific job or may be a blanket certificate issued on a quarterly or yearly basis.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
D. 
Such permit, when approved and signed by the Town Clerk shall be issued upon payment a fee as may be fixed by the Town Board of the Town of Highlands from time to time hereafter. Each permit issued shall specify the name of the permittee, the date of expiration of the permit, and the particular place where the blasting is to be done. A permit shall be issued for each blasting job during the period for which the permit is issued. The Town Clerk shall keep a record of each permit so issued, and the Town Board reserves the right to suspend or revoke any such permit at any time for failure to comply with this chapter.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 77-3 Transportation.

A. 
It shall be unlawful for any person or persons to transport or cause or permit the transportation of explosives in any vehicle through, to, or within the Town of Highlands in any manner which violates the provisions of § 39.6 of Title 12 of the Official Compilation of Codes, Rules and Regulations of the State of New York.
B. 
No person in charge of a vehicle containing explosives in transit shall allow such vehicle to remain unguarded at any time, and no person charged with the responsibility of such transportation shall make any unnecessary stops within the Town of Highlands. Where such stop is unavoidable, the person in charge of the vehicle containing the explosives shall strictly observe the Rules for Vehicles in Transit as defined in Subdivision g of 12 NYCRR 39.6.

§ 77-4 Storage and disposing of explosives.

A. 
No person shall keep or store explosives unless a certificate therefor shall have been issued by the Industrial Commissioner, Department of Labor, State of New York, and such magazine owner or user shall be required to obtain an annual renewal of such certificate.
B. 
No person shall manufacture, deal in, give or otherwise dispose of explosives unless a license therefor shall have been issued by the Commissioner as provided in § 458, Subdivision 2, New York State Labor Law, nor shall any person sell, give or dispose of explosives to, or manufacture explosives for any person who does not hold a license as required by § 77-2B of this chapter.
C. 
Any theft or loss of explosives from a storage magazine or otherwise shall immediately be reported to the Industrial Commissioner and the state or local police or County Sheriff.
D. 
No person shall store explosives except in a magazine constructed, located, marked and maintained in strict accordance with §§ 453, 454, 455 and 456 of Article 16 of the Labor Law of the State of New York.

§ 77-5 Amount of explosives to be used.

No person shall use, in a blasting operation, a quantity of explosives greater than necessary, properly to start the rock or other substances, nor use such an amount as will endanger persons or property. The Town Board may limit the maximum quantity of explosives to be used, but no action by the Town Board or its duly authorized representative shall relieve or exempt any person or insurance company from liability for damage caused by the use of such explosives.

§ 77-6 Precautions.

A. 
The person in charge of blasting operations shall assign only persons who are qualified to perform the work safely and shall, before firing, cover all prepared blasts with a rope or woven metal mattress, heavy timbers chained together, or other suitable screens, of sufficient size, weight and strength to prevent the escape of broken rock or other debris in a manner liable to cause injury or damage to persons or property.
B. 
No person shall fire or explode or direct or cause to be fired or exploded any blast, in or near any highway or public place in the Town of Highlands, unless competent men, carrying a red flag, shall have been placed at a reasonable distance on all sides of the blast to give proper warning thereof at least three minutes in advance of firing.
C. 
No blasts prepared for firing shall be allowed to remain overnight except in an emergency resulting from a misfire, when a watchman shall be provided to keep unauthorized persons at a safe distance.
D. 
All blasting operations and any handling of explosives shall be immediately suspended upon the approach of an electrical storm.

§ 77-7 Times when blasting is prohibited.

No person shall conduct blasting operations within the Town of Highlands after 5:00 p.m. and before 8:00 a.m. nor at any time on Sunday, except under the authority of a special permit issued by the Town Board.

§ 77-8 Compliance with Labor Laws of the State of New York.

Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed to conflict with §§ 450 through 465 of the Labor Law of the State of New York.

§ 77-9 Promulgation of rules and regulations.

The Town Board or its duly authorized representative is hereby authorized and empowered to establish and promulgate rules and regulations concerning blasting operations in said town, storage of explosives and other matters contained in this chapter not inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter. Such rules and regulations when established and promulgated shall be binding upon all persons to whom a permit is issued pursuant to this chapter.

§ 77-10 Penalties for offenses. [1]

Any person or corporation violating any of the provisions of this chapter, upon conviction thereof, shall be subject to a fine of not more than $250 or imprisonment not to exceed 15 days, or both. Every violation of any provision in the chapter shall be a separate and distinct offense and, in case of continuing violation, every day's continuation thereof shall be deemed to be a separate and distinct offense.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 77-11 Storage of sporting or smokeless powders.

A. 
Sporting or smokeless powders for reloading shells in all amount not in excess of five pounds and in the original containers may be kept in a building without storing such powders in a magazine, provided that a license required by Subdivision 1 of § 458 of the Labor Law, has been obtained.
B. 
Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to preclude the reloading of small arms ammunition or the storing of small quantities of sporting or smokeless powders, provided that a license for such reloading shall have been obtained.