Village of Oxford, NY
Chenango County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Oxford 7-5-2011 by L.L. No. 2-2011. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES

Property maintenance — See Ch. 212.

§ 142-1
Title. 

§ 142-2
Purpose. 

§ 142-3
Definitions. 

§ 142-4
Approval required. 

§ 142-5
Permit application; effect of litigation; duration; display; appeals. 

§ 142-6
Location restrictions. 

§ 142-7
Hazardous and unsafe fences. 

§ 142-8
Facing of fence; fence posts. 

§ 142-9
Prohibited fences. 

§ 142-10
Maintenance. 

§ 142-11
Security fences for swimming pools. 

§ 142-12
Interference with traffic or visibility. 

§ 142-13
Agricultural property fences. 

§ 142-14
Business, commercial, industrial and institutional property fences. 

§ 142-15
Residential property fences. 

§ 142-16
Existing fences. 

§ 142-17
Fees. 

§ 142-18
Inspection and enforcement fees. 

§ 142-19
Penalties for offenses. 

§ 142-1 Title.

This chapter shall be referred to as "Fences"

§ 142-2 Purpose.

The Board of Trustees of the Village of Oxford has determined that it is in the best interests of the Village to regulate fences to promote the health, safety and welfare of residents.

§ 142-3 Definitions.

As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:

AGRICULTURAL PROPERTY
Property, or a significant part thereof, which is used for or includes a significant agricultural component, whether horticultural or animal husbandry, and for which any business, commercial, industrial or residential uses are ancillary to the agricultural use.
BUSINESS PROPERTY
Property, or a significant part thereof, used primarily for business, commercial or industrial purposes and for which any agricultural or residential uses are ancillary.
DECORATIVE FENCE
A fence erected to enhance the appearance of a property, a garden or other landscaping in which the width of the space between vertical elements is at least eight times the width of the vertical element and the height of the space between horizontal elements shall be at least eight times the height of the horizontal element.
FENCE
Any freestanding structure, natural or man-made, regardless of composition that is designed to restrict or prevent movement across a landowner's property line.
FRONT YARD
That portion of the property located in front of the front building line of the primary building on the property and facing a street, road, highway or alley on which vehicular traffic may flow. Corner properties adjacent to a public street, road, highway or alley on more than one side shall be considered to have multiple front yards for the purposes of this chapter.
GOOD SIDE
That part of the fence that is the finished side and being that side which does not include the structural members. Some types of fences have two good sides.
HEIGHT
The distance measured vertically from the average grade to the top of the fence.
PROPERTY
That piece of land owned by the individual or entity applying for the fence permit.
REAR YARD
Applies to that portion of the property extending from the rear building line of the primary building on the property to the rear of the lot.
RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY
Property, or a significant part thereof, which is used primarily for residential purposes and for which any agricultural, business, commercial or industrial uses are ancillary to the residential use.
RIGHT-OF-WAY
All public Village streets are located within land which is referred to as street right-of-way. Within a typical street right-of-way, the following public facilities can be found: the driving surface, roadside shoulders and ditch, public utilities, sidewalks, and traffic signs, to name a few. Street right-of-way width is established by deed, statute, or through the platting process. Regardless, lands within the Village street right-of-way are reserved for use of the traveling public. Maintenance of the streets within the Village, other than state or county roads, are the jurisdiction of the Village of Oxford.
SECURITY FENCE
A fence, typically constructed of chain link or similar material and including a lockable gate, surrounding a business, commercial or industrial property designed to prevent theft or vandalism of materials or equipment on the property.
SIDE YARD
Applies to that portion of the property in front of the rear building line of any building and to the rear of the front building line of that building.

§ 142-4 Approval required.

No fence shall be erected without the approval of the Village of Oxford Code Enforcement Officer.

§ 142-5 Permit application; effect of litigation; duration; display; appeals.

A. 

Any person or persons, corporation, firm or association intending to erect a fence shall make an application to the Enforcement Officer before any work is commenced. Said application shall include:

(1) 

A plan or sketch showing to approximate scale the intended location of the proposed fence. Said plan or sketch shall be on a survey map of the property or on an enlargement of a Chenango County real property tax service map showing both the parcel on which the fence is to be constructed and the tax map numbers of all adjacent properties.

(2) 

A statement, description or photograph of the materials proposed to be used to construct the visible portion of the fence, which shall show that the fence to be constructed is in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and any other pertinent local law regarding construction within the Village.

(3) 

A fence application fee of $10.

B. 

No application for a fence will be approved by the Enforcement Officer while the applicant and any adjacent property owners are in litigation regarding the construction or pending construction of said fence. Any such action must be set forth by the applicant in the permit application.

C. 

Upon the approval by the Enforcement Officer, a permit for construction of the fence shall be issued which will be valid only for a period of six months from the date of issue. The permit shall include a provision that the holder authorizes the Enforcement Officer to enter upon the property to inspect any work performed under the permit.

D. 

The permit shall be displayed in a conspicuous place on the property during the construction of the fence.

E. 

The applicant may appeal the denial of a permit under this chapter to the Zoning Board of Appeals as provided in § 293-42 of the Oxford Village Code.

§ 142-6 Location restrictions.

A. 

All fences must be erected no closer than two feet to the property lot line of the applicant not within any public right-of-way.

B. 

No fence shall be erected so as to encroach on public property or upon property owned by any other person or entity other than the applicant.

§ 142-7 Hazardous and unsafe fences.

Any fence which the Enforcement Officer reasonably determines may cause a nuisance, a fire hazard, a dangerous condition or any obstruction to persons and equipment in combating fires, or may endanger public safety, is hereby prohibited.

§ 142-8 Facing of fence; fence posts.

A. 

The fence shall be constructed and installed so as to have the good side facing the outside of the property of the owner.

B. 

Fence posts shall be placed on the owner's side of the fence.

§ 142-9 Prohibited fences.

The following types of fences are expressly prohibited:

A. 

Barbed-wire fences.

B. 

Fences with pointed tips less than 36 inches in height.

C. 

Electrically charged fences, except underground fences used to confine animals, which must be marked by appropriate signage.

D. 

Poultry fences.

E. 

Turkey-wire fences.

F. 

Rabbit-wire fences.

§ 142-10 Maintenance.

All fences shall be maintained by the person responsible for the property. All fences, both those previously existing and those erected under the provisions of this Code, must be kept in good repair and maintained in accordance with the provisions of the Oxford Village Code and the New York State Property Maintenance Code.

§ 142-11 Security fences for swimming pools.

Any other provision of this chapter notwithstanding, fences for enclosure of in-ground or aboveground swimming pools shall conform to the New York State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code and Chapter 293 of the Oxford Village Code.

Editor's Note: See Ch. 293, Zoning.

§ 142-12 Interference with traffic or visibility.

A. 

No fence shall be erected so as to encroach on a public right-of-way or interfere with vehicular or pedestrian traffic.

B. 

No fence shall interfere with visibility by pedestrians or operators of motor vehicles at corner lots as outlined in § 293-21G or where a driveway enters a roadway.

§ 142-13 Agricultural property fences.

A. 

Fences may be constructed on agricultural property without applying for a permit.

B. 

Such fences may be constructed of materials that are commonly employed in agriculture, including barbed-wire, poultry-wire, rabbit-wire, turkey-wire and electrically charged fences.

C. 

Where the agricultural property abuts a residential property, the Zoning Board of Appeals may require the agricultural owner to provide an appropriate additional residential property fence.

§ 142-14 Business, commercial, industrial and institutional property fences.

A. 

Except for security fences as provided below, all fences shall conform to the requirements of residential property fences.

B. 

Security and equipment yard fences.

(1) 

The Enforcement Officer may issue a permit for construction of a security and/or equipment yard fence for business, commercial, industrial and institutional properties.

(2) 

The Zoning Board of Appeals may waive provisions of this Code regarding height, location and fencing materials as is appropriate for the intended location.

(3) 

The Enforcement Officer may not waive provisions of this Code regarding maintenance and visibility.

(4) 

The Enforcement Officer may deny an application for a business, commercial, industrial, or institutional property fence which the Officer deems to be constructed of inappropriate materials or to have an inappropriate location. Such denial shall be in writing and shall state therein the reasons for the denial.

(5) 

The applicant may appeal any such denial to the Zoning Board of Appeals.

§ 142-15 Residential property fences.

A. 

Restrictions for rear, front and side yards.

(1) 

Rear yard and side yard. No fence or portion of a fence shall be more than six feet in height or extend forward of the front building line of any existing or proposed building.

(2) 

Front yard. No fence or portion of a fence shall be more than four feet in height. All front yard fencing shall be decorative fencing. Front yard fences shall include an unlocked gateway allowing access by municipal and service personnel. Front yard fences shall not be located closer than two feet to any front lot line and must also comply with all visibility requirements of zoning code § 293-21.

B. 

Chain-link fences.

(1) 

Chain-link fences are not decorative within the meaning of this chapter and are not permitted in front yards. The Board of Appeals may waive this restriction if the owner provides compelling justification for the use of chain-link fencing in the front yard.

(2) 

Chain-link fences shall be erected in accordance with all other provisions of this chapter.

(3) 

Chain-link fences shall be erected with closed loops at the top of the fence.

§ 142-16 Existing fences.

A. 

Those fences that were constructed prior to the adoption of this chapter may remain.

B. 

All fences, whenever constructed, must be maintained safely and in accordance with all sections of this chapter.

C. 

Any fence, whenever constructed, that does not conform to the provisions of this chapter must be maintained as provided in this chapter, and any maintenance or repair may not make the fence more nonconforming to this chapter.

§ 142-17 Fees.

The Board of Trustees for the Village of Oxford shall set and amend, from time to time by resolution, the applicable fee schedule for fence permits.

§ 142-18 Inspection and enforcement fees.

A. 

The Enforcement Officer is hereby authorized and directed to make inspections to determine compliance with this chapter. Inspections shall be made between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m., Monday through Friday, and every operator or owner shall cooperate with the Enforcement Officer in providing access to the premises. Whenever the Enforcement Officer determines that there is a violation of the provisions of this chapter, he shall cause a written notice to be served upon the owner or operator, which shall include:

(1) 

An enumeration of conditions which violate the provisions.

(2) 

An enumeration of the remedial action required to meet the standards of this chapter.

(3) 

A statement of a definite number of days from the date of the notice in which the owner or operator must commence and complete such remedial action.

(4) 

A statement of the penalties for noncompliance, as set forth herein.

B. 

A copy of such notice shall be filed in the Village Clerk's office, and such notice shall be deemed sufficient if served:

(1) 

In person;

(2) 

By certified mail with return receipt requested; or

(3) 

By posting a copy of said notice on the building, only if attempts to serve the owner or occupant by the first two methods set out above are unsuccessful.

C. 

Upon failure to comply with said notice, the Enforcement Officer shall issue an appearance ticket returnable to the Village Court.

§ 142-19 Penalties for offenses.

Any violations of this chapter shall be punishable by a fine not to exceed $250 or by imprisonment for not more than 15 days, or both.