Town of Collins, NY
Erie County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Board of the Town of Collins 6-15-1987 by L.L. No. 1-1987 (Ch. 15 of the 1987 Code). Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Junked vehicles — See Ch. 288.
Zoning — See Ch. 305.

§ 190-1 Title.

This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the "Town of Collins Junk Dealers and Junkyards Law."

§ 190-2 Legislative intent.

A clean, wholesome, attractive environment is declared to be of importance to the health and safety of the inhabitants of this Town and the safeguarding of their material rights against unwarrantable invasion and, in addition, such an environment is deemed essential to the maintenance and continued development of the economy of the Town and the general welfare of its inhabitants. The outdoor storage of junked or wrecked motor vehicles or parts thereof, and other scrap or waste material is detrimental to the health, safety, and general welfare of the Town. Such storage also endangers the person and property of members of the community, since fuel tanks of junked automobiles containing gasoline or gasoline fumes may easily explode and the accumulation of waste material, unless regulated, can cause serious fire and safety hazards and the harboring of vermin, or may have serious environmental effects.

§ 190-3 Definitions.

As used in this chapter, unless the context or subject matter otherwise requires, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
JUNK DEALER
Any person who shall carry on the business of buying, selling, storing or processing any of the articles enumerated in § 190-4, at a place of business of a junkyard or automobile wrecking yard as defined in the next definition.
JUNKYARD or AUTOMOBILE WRECKING YARD
Any place of storage or deposit, whether in connection with another business or not, where junked motor vehicles, wrecks or parts thereof, and other waste material are bought, sold, stored, dismantled, processed for salvage or otherwise handled for any other related purpose.

§ 190-4 License required.

No person shall engage in or conduct the business of junk dealer within the Town of Collins either for himself or herself or for and on behalf of any other person directly or indirectly as agent, employee or otherwise, either for profit at wholesale or retail, which involves the collection, storage, burning, dumping, disassembling, dismantling, salvaging, sorting, or otherwise handling or arranging for sale, resale, storage, or disposal or otherwise of bodies, engines, or parts of junked or wrecked motor vehicles, or of any other second hand or used property of whatever material it is composed or any waste material whether composed of wood, paper, cloth, cardboard, plastics, metals, stone, cement or otherwise without first obtaining a license therefor as hereinafter provided.

§ 190-5 Application for license.

A. 
Information required. Each applicant for a license hereunder shall execute under oath an application therefor to be supplied by the Town and obtained from the Town Clerk's office and submit that to the Code Enforcement Officer's office, which shall contain the following information:
(1) 
Full name of the applicant. If an individual, his or her address; if a partnership, the names and addresses of all partners; if a corporation, the names and addresses of all officers, stockholders, and directors.
(2) 
The applicant shall set forth for each person listed under Subsection A(1) above a record of conviction, except for traffic violations, and the nature, date, court, and disposition of each such conviction.
(3) 
The applicant shall list any and all previous applications to the Town, or any other town, to carry on this proposed business or a similar business, and the disposition of the application, and if denied or terminated, the reason why denied or terminated.
(4) 
The applicant shall set forth a list of any zoning, building, or junkyard violations or citations which have been issued by any state or municipal government where the applicant has transacted business or has been associated with a similar business, and give the state, the municipality, and the reason for the citation and the final disposition of the violations or citations.
(5) 
The applicant shall list all organizations or persons who have a financial interest in the real property, or the inventory, or the business, and if the organization is other than a licensed banking institution in the State of New York, furnish the information under Subsection A(1) through (4) above with regard to each.
(6) 
The applicant shall list all names or assumed names or corporate names under which the applicant has done business or with which the applicant has been connected in the previous 10 years, and the address of each business.
(7) 
The applicant shall state the name of the proposed business and, if an assumed name, proof of compliance with the law, or if a corporation, proof of incorporation and current status of the corporation.
(8) 
The renewal of each license may incorporate by reference any previous information submitted but shall also set forth any known citations, violations, or complaints made to the Town or any state or county official. The annual renewal fee shall be set from time to time by the Town Board.[1]
[1]:
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
(9) 
The license issued shall not be transferable nor may a third party lease the premises or operate under the license. A change in ownership of the real property or the business or any shares or stock in the corporation owning the real property or the business shall be a violation of this section unless a new application is received and processed prior to the effective date of change.
(10) 
The applicant shall state that the applicant shall be responsible for the proper maintenance of the junkyard or automobile wrecking yard and its upkeep during the license period.
(11) 
Such other information as may be required by the Town Board.
(12) 
The applications shall be signed and sworn to before a notary public or other officer authorized to administer oaths.
B. 
Map or plan. At the time of making the application, the applicant shall submit to and file with the Town Clerk a map or plan of the real property upon which he or she intends to conduct the activity or business for which he or she is making application for a license hereunder with the area of such real property which it is proposed to be used for such purpose, the location of the fence required hereunder indicated thereon as well as the location of any buildings on such land and the location of any streets or highways abutting or passing through such land and the location of any water, sewer or gas mains or laterals available thereto as well as the general drainage pattern of such land. This requirement shall be in addition to any requirements set forth in any other chapter or section of the Town of Collins Municipal Code.
C. 
Agreement to comply with regulations. In the application the applicant shall agree that, if granted the license applied for, he or she will conduct the activity or business pursuant to the regulations hereinafter set forth and that upon his or her failure to do so such license may be revoked forthwith.
D. 
Bond. Such application shall be accompanied by a bond to the Town of Collins, approved as to form by the Town Attorney in the penal sum set from time to time by the Town Board, with sufficient surety or securities or sufficient collateral security, conditioned for the due observance during the term of the license of any and all provisions of this chapter and Municipal Code which are now in force or may hereafter be adopted by the Town Board respecting the collection, buying, selling, or otherwise dealing in articles enumerated in § 190-4.[2]
[2]:
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).

§ 190-6 Issuance of license.

A. 
Upon the filing of the application and the bond as provided in the preceding section, the Town Supervisor may, upon approval of such application after investigation thereof, and of such bond as to sufficiency of surety or sureties or collateral security, and the payment to the Town of the license fee hereinafter provided, issue to the applicant a license to engage in business as provided in § 190-4. No license shall be refused except for a specific reason, including, but not limited to, past performance as an operator of such a business and/or his or her record of compliance with the laws and ordinances, the Town of Collins Municipal Code and of any other municipalities, and for the protection of public safety, health, welfare, or morals.
B. 
All licenses shall state clearly the location of the junk business, the date of issuance and expiration of the license and the name and address of the licensee. No applicant to whom a license has been refused or whose license has been terminated shall make further application until a period of at least six months shall have elapsed since the last previous rejection unless he or she can show that the reason for such rejection no longer exists. Any license granted hereunder shall not be deemed to waive any provision of the Town of Collins Municipal Code.

§ 190-7 License fees. [1]

Every junk dealer as defined in § 190-3 shall pay an annual license fee as set from time to time by the Town Board.
[1]:
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).

§ 190-8 Term of license.

All licenses shall be issued as of January 1, and shall continue in force until December 31 next succeeding and date of issuance thereof, unless sooner revoked by the Town Board. Each applicant shall file the renewal application not less than 60 days prior to the expiration of the existing license. If it is an initial application for a license, the application must be filed at least 60 days prior to the date the business is expected to commence.

§ 190-9 Display and possession of license.

Each junk dealer while exercising his or her license shall exhibit the same whenever requested to do so by a police officer or other official of the Town. No license shall be used by any person other than the original licensee, and any holder of such license who permits it to be used by any other person and any person who uses such license granted to any other person shall be guilty of a violation of this chapter. Whenever a license shall be lost or destroyed without fault on the part of the holder or his or her agent or employee, a duplicate license in lieu thereof under the original application and bond may be issued by the Town Supervisor, in his or her discretion, upon filing of a sworn affidavit proving the loss of such license.

§ 190-10 Regulations.

A. 
Licensee to be responsible. The licensee must personally manage or be responsible for the management of the activity or business for which the license is granted.
B. 
Office and employees. The licensee must maintain an office and a sufficient number of employees on the premises to assure the proper and safe conduct of such activity or business, to minimize the fire hazard therefrom and to prevent improper trespass thereon by children and others.
C. 
Fencing. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Municipal Code, every junkyard shall be completely surrounded with a fence at least eight feet in height which substantially screens by any opaque, permanent material and with a suitable gate which shall be closed and locked except during the working hours of such yard or when the applicant or his or her agent shall be within. Such fence shall be erected not nearer than 50 feet from a public highway. All junked motor vehicles and waste material stored or deposited by the applicant or third parties shall be kept within the enclosure of the junkyard except as removal shall be necessary for the transportation of same in the reasonable course of the business, but in no event shall any automobiles, parts or material be allowed to remain outside of the fenced enclosure overnight. All processing and dismantling shall be accomplished within the enclosure.
D. 
Fire lanes. Inside and adjacent to and contiguous with such fence a strip of land at least 12 feet in width shall be kept free of all dry grass or other growth or other combustible material so as to provide a fire lane or line around the whole are where the activity or business of the licensee is being conducted.
E. 
Other provisions. The applicant must comply with all the other provisions of the Town of Collins Municipal Code.
F. 
Burning prohibited; location of material.
(1) 
No materials shall be burned.
(2) 
The junked motor vehicles, parts, and materials dealt in by the licensee shall be arranged in neat rows so as to permit easy, clear passage through the area.
(3) 
Open storage of junked motor vehicles and other waste material shall be separated by twelve-foot lanes at least every 50 feet in width and 75 feet in depth and shall not be stored closer than 12 feet to any building or structure.
(4) 
Access lanes shall be adequately graded and drained to prevent seasonal flooding and shall be prepared and covered with a material to make them operable in all seasons sufficient to support emergency vehicles.
(5) 
There shall be maintained at each such place of activity or business for which a license is issued at least one fire extinguisher of approved design and capacity for each 40,000 square feet of area. Each such fire extinguisher shall be hung or mounted in a conspicuous place, clearly marked and available.
G. 
Waste facilities.
(1) 
Suitable sanitary facilities shall be available, connected to approved public sewers or septic tanks, for the use and convenience of the employees of the licensee as well as the general public visiting the area.
(2) 
A collection or holding tank shall be constructed with a collection system to prevent contaminated runoff of other substances from leaving the premises, except in trucks approved and licensed for that purpose by the State of New York Department of Environmental Conservation.
H. 
Access to Town officials. Police officers, any member of the Town Board, or any of its representatives, in particular the Code Enforcement Officer, shall be granted access to the area of the activity or business of the licensee at all reasonable hours to inspect the same for compliance herewith.
I. 
Standards of performance.
(1) 
The applicant at all times shall comply with the performance standards required of all businesses within a manufacturing zone.[1]
[1]:
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
(2) 
The hours of operation shall be not before 7:00 a.m. and not after 6:00 p.m. on any weekday and not before 9:00 a.m. and not after 2:00 p.m. on Saturday and Sunday of each week and holidays.[2]
[2]:
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
(3) 
Vermin control. Grounds, buildings, and waste material shall be maintained free of insect, vermin, and rodent harborage and infestation. The junk dealer shall conduct monthly rodent control measures adequate to control any rodent harborage.

§ 190-11 Restrictions.

A. 
No junk dealer shall carry on the business at or from any other place than the one designated in the license therefor. Nor shall be or she continue to carry on business after such license has been revoked or has expired.
B. 
No person licensed under the provisions of this chapter shall, during the continuance of such license, use, exercise, or carry on the business or trade of a pawn broker nor shall any pawn broker receive a license under the provisions of this chapter.
C. 
No license as junk dealer shall be granted to any person who shall have been convicted of a violation of this Municipal Code within five years of the date of application; or has been cited for a violation of this chapter which has not been resolved to the satisfaction of the appropriate agency within 10 days of receipt of the citation; or who shall have been a member of an association or an officer of a corporation which shall have been so convicted; also any person who shall have been convicted of a felony or of knowingly receiving stolen goods or a member of any association or partnership or an officer of any corporation which shall have been so convicted or so cited for a violation of the code subject, however, to the provisions of Article 23-A of the Correction Law.
D. 
No person shall be granted a license who does not at all times have a valid dismantler's license from the State of New York.

§ 190-12 Revocation of license.

After a public hearing thereon at which the licensee shall have an opportunity to be heard, pursuant to § 137 of the Town Law, the Town Board may revoke any license granted under the provisions of this chapter. Whenever any license shall be so revoked, no refund of any unearned portion thereof shall be made and no license shall be granted to any person whose license has been so revoked within a period of five years from the date of such revocation subject, however, to Article 23-A of the Correction Law. Notice of such revocation and the reason or reasons therefor, in writing, shall be served by the Town Clerk upon the person named in the application by mailing the same to the address given in the application, and upon filing a copy of such with the Town Clerk.

§ 190-13 Duties of junk dealers.

A. 
Keeping of records. Every junk dealer shall keep, in such form as the State of New York or the Town of Collins may prescribe, and written in ink or indelible pencil, a daily record of all articles purchased, the name, residence, age, and occupation of the person from whom each article was purchased, and the name of the employer, if any, of such person; also the day and hour of such purchase and the price paid. The records shall be open to inspection at all reasonable times by any police officer or other authorized official of the Town. No entry in such records shall be changed, erased, obliterated or defaced.
B. 
Reports to police. Every junk dealer, upon being served with a written notice so to do, by any police agency, shall report to the party requesting same, on blank forms to be furnished by the police agency, an accurate description of all goods, articles, or things purchased or received by him or her in the course of business as a junk dealer at such time and during such period of time specified in the notice, stating the amount paid for and the name, residence and general description of the person from whom such goods, articles, or things were received.
C. 
Lost or stolen goods. If any goods, articles, or things whatsoever shall be advertised in any newspaper having general circulation in the Town as having been lost or stolen, and the same, or any answering the description advertised or any part or portion thereof, shall be or come into the possession of any junk dealer, he or she shall give information thereof, in writing, to the Sheriff's Department or State Police, and state from whom the same was received. Any junk dealer who shall have or receive any goods, articles, or things lost or stolen, or alleged or supposed to have been lost or stolen, shall exhibit the same on demand to any police officer or to any official of the Town.

§ 190-14 Enforcement officer.

The Code Enforcement Officer shall enforce this chapter, and he or she and any of his or her subordinates or agents shall be granted access to any junkyard and all areas therein within the control of the junk dealer at all reasonable times, upon exhibiting proper credentials.

§ 190-15 Penalties for offenses. [1]

A violation of any provision of this chapter shall constitute a violation pursuant to the Penal Law and, upon conviction, shall be subject to the penalties set forth in Chapter 1, General Provisions, § 1-3, of the Code of the Town of Collins.
[1]:
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).