[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Board of the Town of Greenville 12-8-2008 by Ord. No. 51. Amendments noted where applicable.]
The Town's right-of-way is held by the Town primarily for the purpose of pedestrian and vehicular passage and for the Town's provision of essential public safety services, including police, fire and emergency medical response services, and public health services, including sanitary sewer, water and storm drainage. The purpose of this chapter is to provide standards for mailboxes in order to maintain the safety and the visual character of the Town's right-of-way.
For use in this chapter, the following terms are defined:
- BREAKAWAY SUPPORT
- A supporting post which shall be no larger than a four-inch-by-four-inch wood post or a metal post with a strength no greater than a two-inch diameter Schedule 40 steel pipe and which is buried no more than 24 inches deep. Such a support post shall not be set in concrete unless specifically designed as a breakaway support system as defined in "A Guide for Erecting Mailboxes on Highways" published by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, May 24, 1984 (ASHTO).
- CLEAR ZONE
- An unobstructed flat area adjacent to the traveled portion of a roadway that is used for the recovery of errant vehicles.
- CLUSTER-STYLE MAILBOX
- A style whereby mailboxes, meeting the specifications of the United States Postal Service (USPS) with the inscription plainly legible "U.S. MAIL" and "APPROVED BY THE POSTMASTER GENERAL," are assembled and grouped together on a single area of land so that they are regarded as one unit. Cluster-style mailboxes must be manufactured cluster-style mailboxes approved by both the Town and the USPS.
- CURBSIDE MAILBOX
- A mailbox consisting of a lightweight sheet metal or plastic box meeting the specifications of the United States Postal Service (USPS) with the inscription plainly legible "U.S. MAIL" and "APPROVED BY THE POSTMASTER GENERAL," which is erected at the edge of a roadway or curbside of a street and is mounted on a breakaway support post, and is intended or used for the collection of mail and is to be served by a mail carrier from a vehicle.
- CUSTOM-BUILT MAILBOX
- A mailbox erected at the edge of a roadway or curbside of a street constructed using materials that do not meet the definition of a "curbside mailbox" and "breakaway support."
All mailboxes must be erected:
Away from the intersection of any street and in no case closer than 75 feet measured from the center line of the intersecting street, in order to prevent obstruction of free and clear vision; and
Away from any location where, by reason of the position, shape or color, it may interfere with, obstruct the view of or be confused with any authorized traffic control device.
All new residential or commercial developments constructed after the enactment of the regulations contained in this chapter (September 9, 2008) which are situated on any public cul-de-sac that is maintained by the Town and receive curbside delivery of mail shall have cluster-style mailboxes. Any housing development constructed and already receiving mail service before the regulations in this chapter are enacted is not required to have cluster-style mailboxes. The Town will determine the timeline for installation.
Cluster-style mailboxes serving housing developments situated on any public street or roadway shall be located between the sidewalk and curb, outside of the three-foot clear zone. Cluster-style mailboxes shall not be installed anywhere within a cul-de-sac bulb. Cluster-style mailboxes shall have a four-foot concrete access from the public street and the public sidewalk. Cluster-style boxes shall be located on property lines on the same side as what the future no-parking areas will be. The location of the cluster-style mailbox is to be approved by the Town and by the USPS. The cost of installation, including but not limited to box units and concrete pad, shall be borne by the developer, and subsequent maintenance. No driveway or street access shall be constructed within five feet of a cluster-style mailbox.
While curbside mailboxes are allowed on streets, avenues or other roadways, the mailbox owner must comply with the following installation requirements:
The bottom of the mailbox shall be 42 inches from the top of curb. On streets without curbs, the bottom of the mailbox shall be 48 inches from the edge of pavement, as defined by USPS installation requirements.
Lateral placement of the mailbox shall be six inches to eight inches from the face of the curb, as defined by USPS installation requirements.
The mailbox support post shall be of a breakaway support design, as defined by ASHTO.
The post-to-box attachment shall be of sufficient strength to prevent the box from separating from the post if a vehicle strikes the post.
Property owner shall be responsible for the maintenance of the curbside mailbox.
A custom-built mailbox may be installed in developments constructed and already receiving mail service before the adoption of this chapter (September 9, 2008) if an application for approval of a custom-built mailbox is submitted to the Town of Greenville Public Works Department for review and is approved. A custom-built mailbox must conform to the following requirements and the rules set forth in the application:
The structure supporting the mailbox shall be at least 12 inches from the back of curb.
The mailbox structure shall not exceed the dimensions of two feet in width, two feet in depth, five feet in height.
The mailbox structure shall be located on a two-foot-six-inch-wide by two-foot-six-inch deep by four-inch thick concrete pad. The mailbox structure shall not be permanently affixed to the concrete pad in an attempt to make structure rigid.
The local postmaster shall approve and sign off on the application before submittal to the Town.
Property owner shall be responsible for the maintenance of the custom-built mailbox. If the mailbox is damaged beyond use by the Town, a standard curbside mailbox and breakaway post as defined in this chapter will be provided or the property owner can be reimbursed up $50 if the property owner performs the replacement. Property owner must submit a mailbox damage report with the Town prior to making any needed repairs.
Any type of mailbox located in the Town right-of-way is subject to damage or destruction, at any time, as a result of the Town or a person with a utility easement entering upon the Town right-of-way to construct, repair or maintain the utilities located in the Town right-of-way or as a result of the Town engaging in activities to maintain the public street or right-of-way, such as snow removal, pavement repair or street cleaning. If a curbside or cluster-style mailbox located in the Town right-of-way is damaged during such activities, the Town or the utility that damaged the mailbox shall replace said mailbox, if it has been approved for installation by the USPS with the proper markings inscribed "U.S. MAIL" and APPROVED BY THE POSTMASTER GENERAL."
Property owner may choose to be reimbursed or have the Town reinstall a new mailbox meeting stated requirements. If the property owner chooses to purchase an approved mailbox and be reimbursed, the property owner must install the mailbox according to Town and USPS standards.