City of Fenton, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Editor's Note — Ordinance no. 3001 §1, adopted December 23, 2008, repealed title IV in its entirety. See editor's note at beginning of title IV.

Section 400.010 Title.

[Ord. No. 3001 §1, 12-23-2008]
These regulations shall be known and may be cited as the "Zoning Code of the City of Fenton, Missouri".

Section 400.020 Purpose.

[Ord. No. 3001 §1, 12-23-2008]
A. 
This Zoning Code is adopted to promote the health, safety, morals, comfort and general welfare of the citizens of the City of Fenton, and to conserve and protect property and building values, to secure the most economical use of the land, and to facilitate the adequate provision of public improvements.
B. 
This document will help guide the City to:
1. 
Provide infrastructure more economically;
2. 
Bring complimentary firms or businesses together;
3. 
Provide the efficient delivery of needed public services such as police and fire control;
4. 
Control and reduce traffic congestion around business and commercial areas;
5. 
Provide efficient access to transportation facilities; and, most importantly,
6. 
Provide open space (park concept) for future expansion by the land investor or developer.

Section 400.030 Definitions.

[Ord. No. 3001 §1, 12-23-2008; Ord. No. 3120 §1, 4-22-2010]
A. 
When discussing the intended meaning of the terminology used in this Zoning Code, the following rules shall be observed:
Words and phrases shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. Terms not defined in this Code shall have their standard English dictionary meanings.
Words denoting the masculine gender shall be deemed to include the feminine gender.
Words used in the present tense shall include the future tense.
Words used in the singular number shall include the multiple tense.
The term "shall" is always mandatory; the term "may" is permissive.
The term "this municipality" shall mean the City of Fenton, Missouri.
The words "lot", "parcel", "tract" and "site" shall be synonymous.
The words "building" and "structure" shall be synonymous.
The words "extend", "enlarge" and "expand" shall be synonymous.
The words "abutting", "adjacent" and "contiguous" shall be synonymous.
All distances shall be measured to the nearest integral foot (ft) or (inches).
References to Sections shall be deemed to include all Subsections within that Section; but a reference to a particular Subsection designates only that Subsection.
A general term that follows or is followed by enumerations of specific terms shall not be limited to the enumerated class unless expressly limited.
B. 
Definitions. As used in this Title, the following terms shall have these prescribed meanings:
ABUTS/ABUTTING
Having a common lot line or district line.
ACCESS WAY
A curb cut, ramp, driveway or other means for providing specific vehicular access to an off-street parking or loading area. This definition does not include bikeway or walkway.
ACCESSORY BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES
Any building, structure or use that is:
1. 
Subordinate in size or purpose to the principal structure or use which it serves;
2. 
Necessary or contributing to the comfort and convenience of the occupants of the principal structure or use served; and
3. 
Located on the same lot as the principal structure or use served.
ACCESSORY USE
A structure or use which meets all the following criteria:
1. 
It is subordinate to and serves a principal building or principal use;
2. 
It is subordinate in area, extent or purpose to the principal building or principal use served;
3. 
It contributes to the comfort, convenience or necessity of occupants, business or industry in the principal building or principal use served;
4. 
It is located on the same lot as the principal building or principal use served; and
5. 
It is located in the same or less restrictive zoning district.
6. 
Such use shall not be so construed, maintained and conducted as to produce noise, vibration, concussion, dust, dirt, fly ash, odor, noxious gases, heat or glare which is injurious, damaging or unhealthful to adjacent property or the uses thereof.
AIRPORT
An area for the landing or taking off of aircraft, containing two (2) or more runways of a least two thousand (2,000) feet in length, possessing facilities for the storage, servicing or repairing of aircraft, and open to public use, but not to all types of aircraft.
AISLE
A vehicular traffic way within an off-street parking area. Also is used as a means of ingress/egress from parking spaces.
ALLEY
A public thoroughfare which affords only a secondary means of access to abutting property.
ALTER
To change the size, shape or use of a structure.
APARTMENT
A room or suite of rooms in a building intended or designed for use as a single dwelling unit, provided with separate cooking and sanitary facilities.
APPLICANT
Any person, corporation or other legal entity with the written consent of the owner seeking approval under these regulations.
ASPHALT
A bituminous material (oil-based); usually refers to concrete made with sand, gravel and a bituminous binder.
ATTACHED
As applied to buildings, "attached" means having a common wall and/or a common roof.
BACKFILL
Soil deposited in excessive part of an excavation after completion of construction in the excavation.
BASEMENT
A floored and walled substructure of a building at least fifty percent (50%) below the average finished grade of the building. A basement shall not be included in computing the number of stories for the purpose of height regulations unless it is subdivided, rented, sold or leased for dwelling purposes.
BLOCK
A tract of land bounded by streets or a combination of street, railroad or other rights-of-way, parks or other similar uses.
BOARD
The City of Fenton Board of Aldermen, unless specifically noted as the City of Fenton Board of Adjustment.
BOUNDARY ADJUSTMENT
The adjustment to lot lines of platted lots or other lawful parcels for the purpose of adjusting the sizes of building sites. The adjustment can be accomplished by plat or deed and must be reviewed by the Community Development Department prior to recording with the Recorder of Deeds of St. Louis County. No new lots shall be created by a boundary adjustment or shall the lots be reduced below the minimum size and dimensions as required by the Zoning Code.
BUFFER STRIP
An area of land undeveloped (except for landscaping, fences and/or open space) used to protect a use situated on one (1) lot from the deleterious effects of a use on an adjacent lot.
BUILDING
Any covered structure permanently affixed to land and designed or used to shelter persons, chattels or property.
BUILDING BASE
The bottom of a building, including its foundation.
BUILDING CODE
Set of regulations affecting building design and construction.
BUILDING FOOTPRINT
The outline of a horizontal section of the structure, usually at the ground plane.
BUILDING HEIGHT
The vertical distance measured from the average grade at the front wall of a building to the highest point of the coping of a flat roof or to the deck line of mansard roof. Also means the height level between eaves and ridge for gable, hip or gambrel roofs. Chimneys, towers, cooling towers and similar projections shall not be included in calculating building heights.
BUILDING LINE
The line nearest the front of and across a lot, delineating the minimum open space required between the front of a structure and the street property line.
BUILDING/SITE RELATIONS
The interactive relationships between a building and the site it occupies.
BULK
Any one (1) or any combination of the following structural or site design characteristics:
1. 
Size or height of structure;
2. 
Location of exterior walls at all levels in relation to lot lines, streets or other structures;
3. 
Lot area; and
4. 
Yards or setbacks.
CHANNEL
A natural or manmade device, creek or waterway for conveying flowing surface water.
CITY
The City of Fenton.
CITY OFFICIALS
Mayor, Board of Aldermen and/or personnel authorized by them.
CLUB (INCLUDES A LODGE OR INSTITUTION)
A non-profit association of persons who are bona fide members organized for some purpose and paying regular dues and whose facilities are restricted to members and their guests; not including groups organized solely or primarily to render a service customarily carried on as a commercial enterprise.
COMMERCIAL USE (INCLUDES ESTABLISHMENT)
Any use or establishment wherein goods and services are purchased or sold to either the consuming public (retail) or to other businesses (wholesale).
COMMISSION
The Planning and Zoning Commission of the City of Fenton.
COMPACTION
Action that tends to lower the void ration and increase the density of a soil mass; generally refers to compacting it into a lesser volume.
COMPREHENSIVE PLAN
The Master City Plan or Master Comprehensive Plan approved by the Board of Aldermen which addresses future needs and the specific future uses of land within the City of Fenton.
CONFORMING USE
Uses which are in compliance with the applicable provisions of this Code.
CONSERVATION PLAN
A plan that illustrates the procedure for preserving trees and/or other natural areas within a site development plan.
CONSTRUCTION PLAN
Plan of a building or site showing the position, form, dimensions and other required data for proposed construction.
CONTOURS
Lines on a site plan which represent points of the same elevation as referenced to a ground surface.
CRAFTSMEN AND HANDIWORK ASSEMBLY AND DISTRIBUTION
The assembly and crafting of parts and materials by an individual or group of individuals expressing artistic, creative and natural talents.
DECK
A constructed horizontal, roofless surface which meets the following criteria:
1. 
Meets all criteria of an "Accessory Use" definition.
2. 
Is constructed at a raised elevation off of the ground surface.
3. 
May or may not have railings or a stairway attached.
4. 
Made of materials consisting of, but not limited to, treated and untreated woods and polyvinyl boards.
DEDICATION
The allocation of land within development for non-development purposes related to the community's residents or those of the development. This type of dedication will usually include, but is not limited to, bike trails, parks, lakes or common ground.
DENSITY
The amount of something per unit area measure. Habitation units per square feet of area.
DETACHED
As applied to buildings, "detached" means surrounded by yards on the same lot as the primary structure.
DETENTION POND
A drainage facility consisting of a customarily dry basin designed to accept and hold stormwater and release it gradually at no greater rate than the pre-development flow rate (or other approved release rate) to prevent flooding of adjacent land and reduce stream erosion. (Also see RETENTION POND.)
DEVELOPER
Commonly known as the person or company responsible for the change in development of the land.
DEVELOPMENT
To erect any structure or to install any improvements on a tract of land or to undertake any activity such as grading or site preparation for the purpose of occupancy.
DIMENSIONS
Refers to both lot depth and lot width measured to the nearest foot or inch.
DIRECTOR, COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
The official appointed by the Mayor of Fenton with the approval and consent of the Board of Aldermen to administer this Code or their delegated representative.
DISTRICT (ZONING)
A portion of the land within the City limits of the City of Fenton wherein certain uniform requirements or various combinations thereof apply to structures, lots and land uses under the terms of this Code.
DITCH
An open channel conveying surface water flow with side slopes of 6:1 or steeper (not to exceed 3:1).
DRIVE-THROUGH FACILITY
A commercial facility which provides a service directly to a motor vehicle or where the customer drives a motor vehicle onto the premises and to a window or mechanical device through or by which the customer is served without exiting the vehicle.
DRIVEWAY
A minor way commonly providing vehicular access to a garage or off-street parking area.
DWELLING
Any building or portion thereof used exclusively for human habitations, except hotels, motels or house trailers.
DWELLING, MULTIPLE-FAMILY
A building or portion thereof designed exclusively by three (3) or more families.
DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY
A detached building containing one (1) dwelling unit, provided, however, notwithstanding any other provisions of this Code to the contrary, for purposes of this Chapter a group home and a foster home shall be included within the definition of a single-family dwelling.
[Ord. No. 3549 §1, 10-22-2015]
DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY ATTACHED
Two (2) or more single-family dwellings sharing common wall areas, each dwelling having its own lot.
DWELLING, TWO-FAMILY
A building designed for or occupied exclusively by two (2) families living independently of each other and being on a single lot.
EASEMENT
A right to use another person's real property for certain limited purposes. Such examples include road or utility maintenance/improvement granted by property owner to City, County, State for the purpose of maintenance, improvements or widening.
ENGINEER
The duly designated engineer for the City.
ENLARGE
To increase the size such as floor area or height of an existing principal structure or accessory use. Also can include devoting more land to an existing use.
EQUIPMENT
The tools, stock or apparatus of a business used only in doing business. Not for sale, promotion or storage.
EROSION
Progressive loss of a soil mass usually due to or by flowing water.
FAMILY
One (1) or more persons who are related by blood, marriage or adoption (including foster care), living together and occupying a single dwelling unit, or a group of not more than three (3) persons living together on a non-profit, cost-share basis.
F.E.M.A.
Federal Emergency Management Agency. An office of the Federal Government that deals with flood impact management.
FENCING
A structure functioning as a boundary or barrier made of post, wire or rails. Fencing materials may include wood, plastic or other synthetic materials, woven fabric, chain-link or masonry elements.
FENCING, BLIND
Fencing which is used to block or shield the visibility of outdoor storage of equipment or materials including storage containers from the street and property immediately adjacent to the subject site.
FENCING, CHAIN-LINK
A series of interlinked (open mesh) metal links of thick (or heavy) gauge wire supported by metal posts used to confine, restrain or secure.
FILL
Buildup of the site surface above the original grade. Soil deposit produced by other than natural effects.
FILLING STATION
Any structure or premises used for dispensing of or sale at retail of vehicle fuels or lubricants. This shall include lubrication of vehicles and replacement or installation of minor parts and accessories. This does not include establishments not primarily engaged in major repair work such as engine replacement, body and fender repair and/or spray painting.
FINAL PLAT
A complete and exact plan of subdivision prepared for official recording as required by law.
FINANCIAL INSTITUTION
A State or Federally chartered bank, savings association, credit union or industrial land company located in a building which provides for the custody, loan, exchange or issue of money, extension of credit, or facilitating the transmission of funds, which may include accessory drive-up units on the same premises, but does not include pawnshops and small loan businesses.
FLAG LOT
A residential lot with a minimum size of twenty thousand (20,000) square feet that has an access portion not less than forty (40) feet wide that in plan view resembles a flag on a pole. No more than two (2) flag lots shall have adjoining driveway entrances to public right-of-way.
FLOOD ELEVATION
The water surfaces elevation of the most severe flood that on the basis of Corps of Engineer's data may be expected to occur once every one hundred (100) years. (Also known as the "100-year" flood.)
FLOOD HAZARD BOUNDARY MAP (FHBM) AND FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP (FIRM)
An official map of the City of Fenton on which the Flood Insurance Study has delineated the flood hazard boundaries and the zoning establishing insurance rates applicable to the City within these boundaries.
FLOOD INSURANCE STUDY
An official report provided by the Federal Insurance Administration containing flood profiles, as well as the Flood Boundary-Floodway Map and the water surface elevation of the base flood.
FOSTER HOME
A private residence licensed by the Division of Family Services or Department of Mental Health to provide foster care to one (1) or more but less than seven (7) children who are unrelated to either foster parent by blood, marriage or adoption.
[Ord. No. 3549 §1, 10-22-2015]
FREEWAY
A roadway solely devoted to vehicular traffic, with no parallel walks, crossed by totally grade-separated intersections at wide intervals and having no frontage access.
FRONTAGE
The lineal extent of the front or street side of a lot.
GARAGE (PRIVATE)
An enclosed space for the storage of one (1) or more motor vehicles. This provided that no business, occupation or service is conducted for profit therein or that space therein for more than one (1) car is leased to a non-resident of the premises.
GARAGE (PUBLIC)
Any garage that is not classified as a private garage and is used for inside storage, repair, rental, servicing or supplying of gasoline or oil to motor vehicles. However, a "public garage" shall not be used for the storage of dismantled motor vehicles.
GARAGE (STORAGE)
Any building or premises, except those used as a private garage, used for equipping, repairing, hiring, selling or storing motor-driven vehicles.
GRADE
Elevation of the ground surface at some location which is often qualified as the original grade and/or the finished grade. This definition also includes slope of the ground surface (angle from the horizontal) at some location, commonly called gradient.
GROSS FLOOR AREA
The sum of the gross horizontal areas of the floors of a building measured from the exterior walls or from the center of the common walls of attached buildings. Gross floor area includes basement floors; attic floor space; halls, closets, stairwells; space devoted to mechanical equipment and enclosed porches.
GROUND COVER
Anything besides soil used to produce a site surface; usually refers to surface-spreading plants, such as grass or ivy.
GROUP HOME
A home for eight (8) or fewer unrelated mentally or physically handicapped persons reside, and may include two (2) additional persons acting as house parents or guardians who need not be related to each other or to any of the mentally or physically handicapped persons residing in the home.
[Ord. No. 3549 §1, 10-22-2015]
HARDSHIP
A condition caused by peculiar characteristics of a tract of land which prevents strict compliance with these regulations; does not include personal or economic disadvantages or self-created conditions.
HEARING, PUBLIC
A meeting whereby the public will be heard regarding changes in zoning, uses, codes, etc.
HOME OCCUPATION
Any occupation or activity which is clearly incidental and secondary to the use of the premises for dwelling and which is carried on wholly within a main building or accessory building by a member of the family residing on the premises, provided that no person not a resident on the premises is employed, no stock in trade is kept or commodities sold, no internal or external alterations or special construction of the premises is involved, no equipment shall be used which creates offensive noise, vibrations, sound, smoke, dust, odors, heat, glare, x-ray or electrical disturbance to radio or television instruments, no generation of substantial volumes of vehicular nor pedestrian traffic or parking demand is created and in connection with which there is no advertising sign displayed other than a name plate not exceeding one (1) square foot in area. Within the above requirements, a home occupation includes, but is not limited to, the following:
Art studio; babysitting limited to four (4) children at one time; dressmaking; millinery; office of a physician or dentist for consultation or emergency treatment, but not for general professional practice; professional office of a real estate agent, insurance agent or similar occupation; and teaching limited to not more than four (4) pupils at one time. A home occupation shall not be interpreted to include barbershops, beauty shops, auto repairing, antique shops, sign painting, restaurants and electrical appliance shops or any other light manufacturing or assembling operations.
HOTEL
A building in which lodging or boarding and lodging are offered to the public for compensation. A hotel may include restaurants, taverns or clubrooms, public banquet halls, ballrooms and meeting rooms as accessory uses only.
IMPROVEMENTS
Grading, sanitary and storm sewer, water mains, pavements, curbs and gutters, sidewalks, road signs, lights, trees and other appropriate actions required to render land suitable for the use proposed.
INDUSTRIAL OR BUSINESS PARK
A tract of land which is planned as a whole for use by businesses with large lot sizes for planned expansion of each business. These businesses will normally own or control individual lots within the development tract. They will by virtue of such unified planning and development receive greater amenities and/or lower individual development costs. A "park" may contain one (1) type of use or a variety of uses within its zoning class.
INTERSECTION
The point at which two (2) or more public rights-of-way meet.
LANDSCAPING
Changing, rearranging or adding to the original vegetation or scenery of a piece of land to produce an aesthetic effect appropriate for the use to which the land is put.
LOADING SPACE
An off-street space used for the temporary parking of a commercial vehicle while loading or unloading merchandise or materials.
LOT
The basic development unit with an area with fixed boundaries used or intended to be used by one (1) building and its accessory buildings and not divided by any public road or alley. A "zoning" lot must meet the requirements of the zoning district.
LOT AREA
The area of a horizontal plane bounded by the front, side and rear lines of a lot.
LOT-BY-LOT DEVELOPMENT
The conventional approach to development in which each lot is treated as a separate development unit conforming to all land-use, density and bulk requirements of the zoning district.
LOT (CORNER)
A lot, or portion thereof, situated at the intersection of two (2) or more streets, having an angle of intersection of not more than one hundred thirty-five degrees (135°).
LOT DEPTH
The average distances between the front and rear lot lines.
LOT (INTERIOR)
Any lot other than a through or corner lot.
LOT LINE (FRONT)
The line separating the lot from the right-of-way of the street on which it fronts.
LOT LINE (REAR)
The lot line opposite and most distant from the front lot line.
LOT LINE (SIDE)
Any lot line between the front yard and rear yard area.
LOT OF RECORD
A lot shown upon a plan of a subdivision or upon a plat which is attached to or to which reference is made on a deed recorded in the Office of the Recorder of Deeds of St. Louis County.
LOT (THROUGH)
A lot other than a corner lot which has a street on two (2) opposite sides of the lot.
LOT WIDTH
The horizontal distance between side lot lines, measured at right angles to the lot depth at the building lines.
LOUNGE
Any premises wherein alcoholic beverages are sold at retail for consumption on the premises and minors are excluded therefore by law. A lounge can also coincide with the sale of food for consumption on the premises.
MAJOR ARTERIAL OR HIGHWAY
Major activity streets which connect population concentrations and provide rapid vehicular travel between cities and development areas.
MANUFACTURING
The mass production of parts and components into finished products of added value utilizing the same specifications to ensure product uniformity and consistency. The manufacturing process typically involves a mechanized system operated by a labor force organized to complete the assembly of the products.
MAXIMUM
Qualification as the most extensive or the most that will be allowed.
MINIMAL
Qualification as the least favorable or the least that can be expected for a given situation.
MODULAR UNIT
Factory fabricated transportable building unit designed to be used by itself or to be incorporated with similar units at a building site into a modular structure to be used for residential, commercial, educational or industrial purposes.
M.S.D.
The Metropolitan St. Louis Sewer District.
NON-CONFORMING USE OR STRUCTURE
A building, structure or use of land existing at the time of enactment of this Code and which does not conform to the regulations of the district or zone in which it is situated.
OFFICE
Any building, or portion thereof, in which the business of a commercial, industrial, service enterprise or professional person is transacted.
OPTIMAL
Qualification as the most favorable or the most that can be expected for a given situation.
OUTDOOR STORAGE
The unroofed area outside of a business used to store equipment and materials or items other than properly licensed vehicles or equipment capable of traveling on the public roadways. The equipment and materials stored outdoors must be a necessary and integral function in the operation of the business including equipment and materials stored temporarily for an off-site job site.
OUTDOOR STORAGE CONTAINERS
Containers customarily used in the transport of goods, equipment and material used to store those goods, equipment and material on the lot of a business or company. These storage devices may be used for either temporary or long-term storage.
PARKING
The temporary storage of properly licensed vehicles or equipment capable of traveling on the public roadways.
PARKING AREA (INCLUDES LOT OR OFF-STREET PARKING)
Land that is improved in accordance with this Code and used primarily for the storage of passenger motor vehicles. An "off-street parking area", depending on the circumstances of its use, may be either a principal use or an accessory use.
PARKING STALL
Area assigned to a single vehicle for parking.
PAVEMENT
Structural surfacing of the ground for walks, drives, parking lots and roads.
PAWNSHOP
An establishment engaged in the buying and selling of new and secondhand merchandise and offering loans secured by personal property.
PLANTINGS
A set of growing plants used to develop the landscaping for a site.
PLAT
A map, plan or layout of a City, township, section or subdivision indicating the location and boundaries of individual properties.
PLAT (FINAL)
A map of land subdivision prepared in form suitable for filing of record with necessary affidavits, dedications and acceptances and with complete bearings and dimensions of all lines defining lots, blocks, streets, alleys, public areas and other dimensions of land.
PLAT (PRELIMINARY)
A map of a proposed land subdivision showing the character and proposed layout of the tract in sufficient detail to indicate the suitability of the proposed subdivision of land. This proposed land subdivision must be submitted in accordance with all requirements of this Code.
PLOT
A parcel of land consisting of one (1) or more lots or portions thereof which is described by reference to a recorded plat.
PRINCIPAL BUILDING OR STRUCTURE
The main structure erected on or the main use occupying a lot, as distinguished from an accessory structure or use.
PRIVATE RESTRICTIONS
Private restriction or trust indenture is a recordable document which is used for the purpose of maintaining commonly owned property and/or facilities.
PROPERTY
A piece of real estate made up of one (1) or more than one (1) contiguous lots under a unity of ownership and use.
PROPERTY LINE
A legally recorded boundary of a lot.
PUBLIC BUILDING
A building, or part thereof, owned or leased and occupied and used by an agency or political subdivision of the Federal, State or local government.
RECONTOURING
Manipulation of the existing contours on a site plan as part of the design for re-grading the site surface.
RECREATIONAL FACILITY
A building and/or premises designed and used to provide or accommodate public activity in pursuit of physical fitness and a diversity of recreational pursuits. The building and properties shall be public or private and owned by a non-profit organization.
RESTAURANT
A place of business where prepared food and beverages are sold for consumption within the building or away from the premises.
RESUBDIVISION
Any change in the plat or description of an approved or recorded subdivision, including a subdivision predating the adoption of regulations controlling the division of land, if such change affects any lot line, road layout or area reserved for public use.
RETENTION POND
A drainage facility consisting of a wet pond or lake designated to accept additional stormwater and release it gradually at no greater rate than the pre-development flow rate (or other approved release rate) to prevent flooding of adjacent land and reduce stream erosion. (Also see DETENTION POND.)
RIGHT-OF-WAY (PUBLIC)
A public way established or dedicated by duly recorded plat, deed, grant, governmental authority or by operation of the law.
RUNOFF
Water flowing as a result of precipitation over a surface.
ST. LOUIS COUNTY D.R., R.D.
The St. Louis County Department of Revenue, Recorder of Deeds.
SCREENING
Trees, shrubs, walls, solid fences or berms used as a means of visual and/or noise control. Must be opaque in nature. A fence with an opaque value of seventy percent (70%) or greater.
SELF-STORAGE FACILITY
A building or group of buildings with controlled access that contains individual, compartmentalized, and controlled access stalls or lockers for the storage of customers' property, merchandise, goods or wares.
[Ord. No. 3461 §2, 9-25-2014]
SETBACK
The minimum horizontal distance between a lot line and the nearest portion of a building.
SITE
An area of land with defined property boundaries.
SITE DESIGN
The proposed development plans for a site which shall incorporate all pertinent information relating to the development of the site.
SITE DEVELOPMENT
The work of constructing a site in compliance with design plans.
SITE PLAN
A plan to scale that shows uses and structures proposed for a parcel of land as required by the City Code and regulations involved. It includes, but is not limited to, lot lines, streets, building sites, reserved open space, buildings, major landscape features, both natural and manmade, and depending on requirements, the locations of proposed utility lines.
SITE PLAN REVIEW
The process whereby the City reviews the site plans and maps of a developer to assure that they meet the stated purposes and standards of the district. This shall include:
1. 
Providing for the necessary infrastructure and public facilities such as roads and schools; and
2. 
Protect and preserve topographical features and adjacent properties through appropriate siting of structures and landscaping.
3. 
Artist rendering of proposed development. (Not required for residential)
SLOPE ANGLE LIMIT
Extent of the angle from the horizontal of the sloping face of a soil mass.
SMALL LOAN BUSINESS
Establishments which:
1. 
Engage in the business of providing money to customers on a temporary basis, wherein such loans are secured by post-dated check, paycheck or car title, or
2. 
Are registered as lenders under State or Federal law. The classification does not include a State or Federally chartered bank, savings association, credit union or industrial land company. Further, the classification does not include establishments selling consumer goods, including consumables, where the cashing of checks or money orders is incidental to the main purpose of the business. The classification does include, but is not limited to, check cashing stores, payday loan stores and car title loan stores.
STABLE, PRIVATE
A detached building accessory to a residential use for the keeping of horses owned by the occupants of the premises and which shall not be used for any commercial purpose including the boarding, hire or training of horses.
STORAGE
A use or building function which protects products, materials or equipment from damage, theft or visibility.
STREET
A public or private way for motor vehicle travel. The term street includes a highway, thoroughfare, parkway, throughway, road, pike, avenue, boulevard, lane, place, drive, court and similar designations, but excludes an alley or a way for pedestrian use only.
STREET (ARTERIAL)
A multi-lane facility designed for movement of a relatively large volume of traffic. Arterials provide connections between local and collector streets and the freeways.
STREET (COLLECTOR)
A street located within a neighborhood or other integrated use area which collects from and distributes traffic to local streets and connects arterial streets.
STREET (CUL-DE-SAC)
A street or a portion of a street with only one (1) vehicular traffic outlet. The closed end having an adequate turnaround.
STREET (FRONTAGE OR SERVICE STREET)
A street generally parallel to and adjacent to arterial streets and highways which provides access to abutting properties and protection from through traffic.
STREET (LOCAL/MINOR)
A street associated with low intensity uses which represent small segments of an actual development area in a portion of a neighborhood of activity.
STREET (PRIVATE)
A street not accepted by dedication or otherwise by the Board of Aldermen.
STRUCTURAL ALTERATIONS
Any change in the supporting members of a building, such as bearing walls or partitions, columns, beams or girders or any substantial change in the roof or in the exterior walls.
STRUCTURE
Anything constructed, assembled or erected on the ground or attached to something having a fixed location on the ground.
STRUCTURE PARKING
Parking developed with a structure that may be inside a building or in a separate structure developed primarily for parking.
SUBDIVIDER
A person, firm, corporation, partnership or association who shall lay out any subdivision or part thereof as defined herein, either for himself or others.
SUBDIVISION
Any land which is divided or proposed to be divided into two (2) or more lots, tracts, parcels, sites. Any other division of land for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of sale, lease, conveyance or development.
SUBDIVISION (MAJOR)
Any subdivision not classified as a minor subdivision.
SUBDIVISION (MINOR)
Any residential subdivision containing not more than four (4) lots fronting on an existing road and meet the requirements of this Section.
SUBDIVISION PLAN
A plan that illustrates the subdivision of parcels into lots.
SURFACE PARKING
Parking developed on a site surface; usually with some form of pavement.
SWALE
Open drainage channel with side slopes not steeper than 3:1. The width of the bottom of the swale shall equal or exceed the depth. A swale shall not be constructed in areas with continuous drainage.
TOPOGRAPHY
The relief features or surface configuration of the ground within an area.
TRAFFIC PATH
The portion of a site surface dedicated to the achievement of some travel, typically either as a footpath for pedestrians or a driveway for vehicles.
TREATMENT FACILITIES FOR ALCOHOL OR DRUG ABUSE
A facility, including buildings, structures and land, used for residential or outpatient treatment of alcohol and/or other drug abuse.
TRUCK GARDEN
Produce/vegetable growing operation of which the product is sold on premises.
USE
The purpose or activity for which land or a structure thereon is designed, arranged, intended, occupied and/or maintained.
USE (PERMITTED)
The purpose or activity which is allowed for use or development within a zoning district.
USE PERMITTED BY SPECIAL PERMIT UPON REVIEW AND APPROVAL
A review conducted by the Planning and Zoning Commission and/or City Officials whereby a use is permitted to occur in that district but only upon its approval and subject to those conditions placed upon it.
VARIANCE
A granted deviance from the strict code application due to presented and defensible undue hardships not brought on by the applicant and shall relate to the lot size, topography, signage, setbacks or other building size requirements of this Code that are applicable to a particular lot or structure.
VISIBLE SITE
The viewed site consisting of the site surface and the objects on it.
WALL
1. 
A vertical building face perpendicular to the horizontal view between the base foundation and top of the wall at the roof line.
2. 
An independent masonry or wood structure defining an enclosed structure or accommodating a change in site grade.
WAREHOUSE
A place for the storage of merchandise or commodities, excluding self-storage facilities.
[Ord. No. 3461 §1, 9-25-2014]
WATERSHED
The area which contributes stormwater runoff to a point as defined by its topographic ridges prior to and/or after development.
YARD
The open area or space that is unobstructed, except as specifically permitted in this Code, and that is located on the same lot as the principal building.
YARD (FRONT)
The front yard shall be that portion of a lot adjacent to any street and being the minimum horizontal distance between the street line and the main building or any projection thereof, other than the projection of the usual steps, porch or entrance.
YARD (REAR)
A yard extending across the rear of a lot measured between the side lot lines and being the minimum horizontal distance between the rear lot line and the rear of the main building or any projections other than steps, unenclosed balconies or unenclosed porches. On corner lots, the front line of the rear yards shall be considered as parallel to the streets. On both corner lots and interior lots, the rear yards shall in all cases be at the opposite end of the lot from the front yard.
YARD (SIDE)
A yard between the main building and the side line of the lot and extending from the front lot line to the rear lot line.
ZONING DISTRICT MAP
The map or any amendments thereto designating zoning districts and incorporated into this Code by reference.
ZONING ORDINANCE
A legally enforceable description of limitations affecting usage of some portion of a political jurisdiction.