City of Harrisonville, MO
Cass County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

Section 435.010 Title.

[Ord. No. 2883 §1, 10-4-2004; Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.010), 2-21-2006]
This Chapter shall be known as the "Sign Regulations" and may be cited as such and may be referred to in this Chapter as the "code".

Section 435.020 Purpose.

[Ord. No. 2883 §1, 10-4-2004; Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.020), 2-21-2006]
A. 
These sign regulations are adopted under the zoning authority of the City in furtherance of the more general purposes set forth in the zoning ordinance. The purposes of these sign regulations are:
1. 
To encourage the effective use of signs as a means of communication in the City;
2. 
To maintain and enhance the aesthetic environment and the City's ability to attract sources of economic development and growth;
3. 
To provide for a desirable and attractive living environment through harmonious signage;
4. 
To improve pedestrian and traffic safety;
5. 
To minimize the possible adverse effect of signs on nearby public and private property;
6. 
To provide for the fair and consistent enforcement of these sign restrictions.
B. 
It is the purpose of this code to provide minimum standards to safeguard life, health, property, property values and public welfare by regulating and controlling the quality of materials, construction, location, installation and maintenance of signs, in addition to the number, size, sign type, and type of illumination of all signs and sign structures located on private property.

Section 435.030 Applicability and Zoning District Requirements.

[Ord. No. 2883 §1, 10-4-2004; Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.030), 2-21-2006]
A. 
Every sign shall conform to the requirements of this code, irrespective of when such sign was established within the City limits unless otherwise allowed for in these sign regulations. Any sign shall, by definition, be a structure. No sign shall be erected, enlarged, constructed or otherwise installed without first obtaining a sign permit, and a sign permit shall be legally issued only when in compliance with this sign regulation. All signs shall be constructed in such a manner and of such material that they shall be safe and substantial.
B. 
Zoning District Requirements. Signs are allowed in each zoning district as provided in Appendix A to this Chapter: Non-Residential Signs and Appendix B to this Chapter: Table of Permitted and Specially Permitted Signs. The Appendices list requirements by numbers of signs allowed (per structure or on each premises), size, height, setbacks and illumination. Each cell in the tables lists exclusively permitted signs and standards; except that ground signs, elevated signs and monument signs are mutually exclusive: one (1) sign is allowed, only, per premises.
C. 
Non-Conformities. Non-conforming signs may be considered for variance by the Board of Zoning Adjustment.

Section 435.040 Severability.

[Ord. No. 2883 §1, 10-4-2004; Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.040), 2-21-2006]
In any case where a provision of this code is found to be in conflict with a provision of any other ordinance or other legislation of the City existing on the effective date of this code, the provision which establishes the higher standard for the promotion and protection of the safety, welfare and health of the people shall prevail. If any part of this code should be declared invalid for any reason, such decisions shall not affect the remaining portions of this code.

Section 435.050 Hierarchy of Enforcement.

[Ord. No. 2883 §1, 10-4-2004; Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.050), 2-21-2006]
In any case where a requirement of this Chapter is in conflict with another Chapter of the zoning regulations, the stricter requirement shall apply.

Section 435.055 Appeal Process.

[Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.055), 2-21-2006]
An appeal may be taken to the Board of Zoning Adjustment by any person, firm or corporation, from any decision of the office of the Director of Codes Administration made under this Chapter.

Section 435.060 Historic Preservation Commission.

[Ord. No. 2883 §1, 10-4-2004; Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.060), 2-21-2006]
In any case where a requirement of this Chapter applies to premises in the purview of the City of Harrisonville Historic Preservation Commission, such requirement shall be subjected to that Commission's review in whatever procedure is applicable by law prior to issuance of a sign permit and, if applicable, prior to submission to another City board for review. The Historic Preservation Commission shall review and respond to sign permit applications within forty-five (45) days of receiving a completed application.

Section 435.070 Definitions of Terms Pertaining To Signs.

[Ord. No. 2883 §1, 10-4-2004; Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.070), 2-21-2006; Ord. No. 3203 §1, 2-6-2012]
A. 
Any word or phrase, which is defined in this Section, shall have the meaning assigned to it by this Section whenever the word or phrase is used in these sign regulations. See Section 435.080 for definitions and/or descriptions of Functional Types and Structural Types of signs.
B. 
General Definitions. As used in this Chapter the following terms shall have these prescribed meanings:
AWNING
A roof-like cover that projects from the wall of a building for the purpose of shielding a doorway, walkway or window from the elements. Awnings are often made of fabric or flexible plastic supported by a rigid frame and may be retracted into the face of the building.
ELEVATION
A depiction or drawing to scale showing horizontal and vertical elements of a building or structure including, but not limited to walls, roof lines and other architectural features.
FABRIC MESSAGE DISPLAY
A temporary sign made of fabric, cloth, vinyl or some other textile material.
FACADE
The front of a building or any of its sides facing a public way or space, especially one distinguished by its architectural treatment.
FREESTANDING
A structure permanently attached to the ground and that is wholly independent of any building or other structure. The term "freestanding sign" includes, but is not limited to, ground signs and monument signs.
FULLY ILLUMINATED
Any structure that is illuminated by an external or internal light source that is visible.
ILLUMINATED
See "FULLY ILLUMINATED", "INDIRECTLY ILLUMINATED" and "INTERNALLY ILLUMINATED".
INDIRECTLY ILLUMINATED
Any structure that is partially or completely illuminated at any time by an external light source that is shielded to not be visible at eye level.
INTERNALLY ILLUMINATED
Any structure that is illuminated internally over its entire area by use of electricity or other artificial light.
MARQUEE
A roof-like structure, often bearing a sign, projecting over an entrance, as to a theater.
MONOLITHIC BASE
A solid support of a sign face the width of which is no less than fifty percent (50%) of the sign face width.
MULTI-FACED
A sign structure that contains two (2) or more sign face surfaces that are located on different sides of the structure and are separated from each other at their nearest point by no more than three (3) feet.
MULTI-TENANT NON-RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT
A single office, commercial or industrial parcel that is designed or intended for occupancy by two (2) to four (4) businesses.
PARCEL
A lot or contiguous group of lots under single ownership or under single control usually considered a unit for purposes of residence, development and/or business.
PREMISES
A lot or parcel, together with all buildings and structures thereon.
SEASONAL BASIS
The culturally accepted period for observance of religious, national or State holidays.
SHOPPING CENTER
A unified retail commercial grouping in one (1) or more buildings of a minimumn five (5) retail or service establishments.
SIGN
Any object, device, display or structure, or part thereof, that is used to advertise, identify, display or attract attention to an object, person, institution, organization, business, product, service, event or location by any means, including words, letters, figures, design, symbols, fixtures, colors, illumination or projected images. Other than billboards, signs are accessory structures to the principal structure or use on a parcel.
SIGN FACE
The area or display surface as defined in Section 435.130(D).
SIGN HEIGHT
The vertical distance to the highest point of a sign structure, as measured from the average grade at the base of the structure or directly below a projecting structure.
SIGN STRUCTURE
All elements of a sign, including the sign face, background or decorative elements related to the presentation of the sign's message, and the structural supports.
TEMPORARY EVENT
An activity having a specific duration or the end of which is related to a specific action, usually lasting for a period of a few weeks or a few months at a time. Temporary events include such activities as:
a. 
The offering of a property or premises for sale or lease.
b. 
The construction of a building or development project or the rehabilitation, remodeling or renovation of a building.
c. 
Each political campaign, referendum or ballot proposition put to the voters as part of County, State or Federal governance.
d. 
Special, temporary event that requires attention-getting devices.
TENANT
One who possesses or occupies land or buildings by title, under a lease, or through payment of rent; an occupant, inhabitant or dweller of a place.

Section 435.080 Definitions of Functional and Structural Sign Types.

[Ord. No. 2883 §1, 10-4-2004; Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.080, 2-21-2006; Ord. No. 3203 §2, 2-6-2012]
Appendix A to this Chapter presents the type, maximum number, size, height and other restrictions relating to specific signage that are permitted by right in each zoning district.
A. 
Functional Sign Types.
1. 
ADVERTISING SIGN (BILLBOARDS): A sign which directs the attention of the public to any goods, merchandise, property, business, service, entertainment or amusement conducted or produced which is bought or sold, furnished, offered or dealt in elsewhere than on the premises where such sign is located or to which it is affixed.
2. 
ANIMATED SIGNS: Electronic signs with computer-generated animation that are components of otherwise permitted signs for a principal land use on the premises where the sign is placed; and whose message does not attract the attention of viewers through flashing displays.
3. 
ATTENTION-ATTRACTING DEVICE: Any flasher, blinker, animation or other object displayed temporarily to attract the attention of the public to a temporary event.
4. 
BANNERS: A temporary sign of lightweight fabric or similar material that is mounted to a pole or building. Promotional banners may be used to announce open houses or grand openings or special events.
5. 
BULLETIN BOARD SIGN: A sign that indicates the name of an institution or organization on whose premises it is located and which contains the name or names or persons connected with it, and announcement of persons, events or activities occurring at the institution. Such sign may also present a greeting or similar message.
6. 
BUSINESS SIGN: A sign which directs attention to a business or profession conducted or to products, services or entertainment sold or offered upon the premises where such sign is located or to which it is affixed.
7. 
CONSTRUCTION SIGN: A temporary sign indicating the names of the architects, engineers, landscape architects, contractors and similar artisans involved in the design and construction of a structure, complex or project only during the construction period and only on the premises on which the construction is taking place.
8. 
ELECTRONIC MESSAGE BOARD: A type of sign that presents its message through illumination of intermittent or moving lights forming the letters, numbers or symbols of the message, whether or not the message appears to move across the sign face.
9. 
ENTRANCE/EXIT SIGN: A sign used to safely direct vehicular traffic into or out of a parcel or to or from a business via a driveway from a street if each sign complies with the following:
a. 
Entrance/exit signs may be located at driveways that provide access into or from the parcel.
b. 
There shall be no more than two (2) signs per driveway.
c. 
Each sign shall not exceed six (6) square feet in sign area nor be more than two and one-half (2½) feet in height.
10. 
IDENTIFICATION SIGN: A sign giving the name and address of a structure, business, development or establishment. Such signs may be wholly or partly devoted to a readily recognized symbol.
11. 
INCIDENTAL SIGN: An announcement or other display providing information about the occupancy or conduct of business permitted on a premises, such as logos of credit cards accepted on the premises, hours of operation, a "closed or "open" sign, emergency contact name and phone number, street address, "help wanted", "no loitering or solicitations", security system notices, notices required by law and similar information.
12. 
INFLATABLE SIGN: A sign that is intended to be expanded by air or other gas for its proper display or support.
13. 
NAME PLATE SIGN: A sign giving the name and/or address of the owner or occupant of a structure or premises on which it is located and, where applicable, a professional status.
14. 
POLE SIGN: A freestanding sign attached to a bare pole, as distinct from an "elevated sign".
15. 
PROJECT ENTRANCE SIGN: A sign located at a discernible entrance into a particular subdivision, development, or office or industrial park.
16. 
REAL ESTATE SIGN: A temporary sign pertaining to the sale or lease of a lot or tract of land on which the sign is located, or to the sale or lease of one (1) or more structures, or a portion thereof on which the sign is located.
17. 
TEMPORARY EVENT SIGN: Sign for a temporary event as defined in these regulations provided they comply with the conditions of these regulations.
B. 
Structural Sign Types.
1. 
AWNING, CANOPY OR MARQUEE SIGN: A sign that is mounted on, painted on, or attached to an awning, canopy or marquee. No such signs shall project above, below or beyond the awning, canopy or marquee.
Figure 1 Canopy Sign
435_0001A.tif
2. 
GROUND SIGN: Any sign placed upon, or supported by, the ground independent of the principal structure on the parcel, where the bottom edge of the sign is less than six (6) feet above the ground, and the support structure is no less than fifty percent (50%) of the width of the face of the sign, presenting a monolithic base.
Figure 2 Ground Sign
435_0001B.tif
• Ten (10) feet maximum height.
• Planter is optional.
• Landscaping is required. The landscaping shall extend no less than three (3) feet from the base of the sign.
3. 
ELEVATED SIGN: Any sign placed upon, or supported by, the ground independent of the principal structure on the parcel where the bottom edge of the sign is ten (10) feet or more above the ground level, and where the support structure is other than a bare pole.
Figure 3 Elevated Sign
435_0002.tif
• Z = Maximum height varies by zoning district. See Appendix A to this Chapter. Height is measured from the base elevation of the street frontage.
•The support structure must be other than a bare pole and present a monolithic appearance.
4. 
MONUMENT SIGN: Any sign whose base is greater in width than the face of the sign, and whose height is no greater than six (6) feet.
Figure 4 Monument Sign
435_0003.tif
• X = ± 110% of the width of the sign face.
• Y = ± 10% of the width of the sign face.
• Six (6) feet maximum height.
• Landscaping is required in other than industrial zoning districts. The landscaping shall extend no less than three (3) feet from the base of the sign.
a. 
Subdivision monument signs. All subdivision monument signs shall comply with the following regulations.
(1) 
Materials. All subdivision monument signs shall have a masonry or concrete substructure with surfaces of only clay brick, split-face concrete block, stone or stucco; and the surfaces shall not be painted. Wood shall not be used.
(2) 
Lighting. Any lighting shall be designed to minimize glare in all directions to the greatest extent possible. High intensity lights, such as floodlights, shall not be used to illuminate the sign.
(3) 
Landscaping. Landscaping is required at the base of the sign that blends the sign into the environment. The proposed landscaping shall be identified at the time a sign permit is requested, and the proposed landscaping shall be subject to approval by the City with the sign permit. The landscaping shall not block the sign face area.
(4) 
Plat easement or tract. The subdivision plat shall dedicate an easement for access to a lot or parcel for the express and sole purpose of erecting and maintaining a subdivision monument sign; or if dedicated to a homes association, designate a "Subdivision Monument Sign Tract" with sign maintenance vested with a homes association.
5. 
TEMPORARY STAND ALONE SIGN: A sign that is intended to be easily moved and that is not permanently affixed to a structure or the ground including, but not limited to, a-frame, t-frame and sandwich-board signs. Banners on t-posts are not included in this definition.
Figure 5 Temporary Stand Alone Sign
435_0004A.tif
6. 
PORTABLE DISPLAY SIGN: A movable display, capable of relocation, under its own power, or towed by a motor vehicle. The display message of the sign may be painted or non-painted and capable of being readily altered. Portable display signs may be with or without electrical illumination, power or wheels.
Figure 6 Portable Display Sign
435_0004B.tif
7. 
PROJECTING SIGN: A sign that is wholly or partly dependent upon a structure for support and which projects more than twelve (12) inches from such structure. Projecting signs shall not project more than five and one-half (5½) feet beyond the face of the building. Projecting signs shall be a minimum of ten (10) feet above the level of any sidewalk from the bottom of the sign.
Figure 7 Projecting Sign
435_0005A.tif
8. 
ROOF SIGN ELEVATED/PROJECTING: A sign totally supported on the roof of a structure, not including flush-mounted logo roof signs. Elevated/projecting roof signs shall not project more than twelve (12) inches beyond the face of the structure. In no case shall an elevated/projecting roof sign project more than ten (10) feet beyond the highest point of the portion of the roof on which the sign is located (compare to "flush-mounted logo roof sign").
Figure 8 Roof Sign Elevated/Projecting
435_0005B.tif
9. 
ROOF SIGN FLUSH-MOUNTED LOGO: A sign totally supported on the roof of a structure that displays the logo of the tenant of such structure. Flush-mounted logo roof signs shall be mounted parallel to and flush with the roof's surface. In no case shall a flush-mounted logo roof sign project above the highest point of the roof (compare to "elevated/projecting roof sign").
Figure 9 Roof Sign Flush Mounted
435_0006A.tif
10. 
WALL SIGN: A building-mounted sign either attached to or displayed or painted on an exterior wall in a manner parallel with the wall surface and not projecting from such surface more than twelve (12) inches.
Figure 10 Wall Sign
435_0006B.tif
11. 
WINDOW SIGN: Any sign, pictures, symbol, or combination thereof, designed to communicate information about an activity, business, commodity, event, sale or service that is placed upon the window panes or glass, inside or outside the building, and is visible from the exterior of the window. Signs that are intended to be viewed from the interior of the building and visible from the exterior of the window, and are not placed upon the interior window panes or glass are not subject to the provisions of this Code.
Figure 11 Window Sign
435_0007.tif

Section 435.090 Exemptions.

[Ord. No. 2883 §1, 10-4-2004; Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.090), 2-21-2006]
A. 
The following signs are exempt from the restrictions and regulations imposed by Chapter 435, Sign Regulations as specified herein.
1. 
Total exemptions. The following signs shall be exempt from the requirements of this Chapter, except for the provisions of Section 435.130(E) "Traffic Safety", and do not require a sign permit:
a. 
Brand names or logos on products, product containers or dispensers that are an integral part of the product or the product's packaging.
b. 
A building design, color or motif that is associated with a particular establishment or organization, but that conveys no commercial message.
c. 
Official signs. Signs placed by a governmental body, governmental agency or public authority, such as traffic signs, signals, or regulatory devices or warnings; official emblems, public notices or official instruments; or regulatory signs having to do with health, safety, parking, swimming, dumping, etc.; or signs of historical interest; signs designating areas of architectural or historical significance or gateways; or other properties controlled by such governmental body, agency or authority.
d. 
Property address sign. A sign limited in content to the street name and address number of the building or property to which it is affixed, provided that the sign consists of lettering no larger than twelve (12) inches in height on a building or three (3) inches on a mailbox.
e. 
Legal posting. A sign intended to convey a legal right or restriction on a property, such as a "no trespassing" or "no hunting" sign; a sign intended to warn the public of a bona fide danger on the property, such as "beware of the dog" sign; or a sign placed by order of a court or by a governmental official in the normal course of their duties, such as posting of a legal notice or a "building condemned" sign.
f. 
Flags or emblems of a government or of civic, philanthropic, educational or religious organization displayed on private property. One additional flag with a business logo may be mounted on a flagpole. Not more than fifty percent (50%) of parking lot light poles located on a parcel may have a fabric message display attached to such pole.
g. 
Signs of a duly constituted governmental body, including traffic or similar regulatory signs, legal notices, warnings at railroad crossings and other instructional signs.
h. 
Memorial signs and tablets displayed on private property.
i. 
Small signs, not exceeding three (3) square feet in area, displayed on private property for the convenience of the public, including signs to identify entrance and exit drives, parking areas, one-way drives, restrooms, freight entrances and other similar signs; except that such signs may display logos not to exceed fifty percent (50%) of the sign.
j. 
Scoreboards in athletic stadiums.
k. 
Temporary signs for the sale of household goods at a residence (for example, garage sales or auctions) for a period not to exceed three (3) days.
l. 
Banners on public utility pole brackets placed by public entities for public events or campaigns, such as "Welcome to Harrisonville" banners.
2. 
Exemptions from sign permit. The following signs are exempt from the sign permit Section of this Chapter, but shall comply with all of the other regulations imposed by this Chapter:
a. 
Name plate signs for a single-family or two-family dwelling.
b. 
Bulletin board signs accessory to a church, school, or public or non-profit institution.
c. 
Business signs when located on property used for agricultural purposes and pertaining to the sale of agricultural products produced on the premises, or when located on property used for temporary sale of agricultural products.
d. 
Real estate signs.
e. 
Construction signs.
f. 
Window signs.

Section 435.100 Prohibited Signs.

[Ord. No. 2883 §1, 10-4-2004; Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.100), 2-21-2006]
A. 
The types of signs listed below are prohibited and may be removed by the City of Harrisonville at any time through standard regulatory enforcement proceedings.
1. 
Snipe signs. Any sign not otherwise allowed by these regulations that is attached to a fence, tree, temporary structure, utility pole or any other public property, except those placed by agencies of the Federal, State or local government.
2. 
Sound or smoke emitting sign. A sign that emits or utilizes in any manner any sound capable of being detected on any traveled street or highway by a person with normal hearing; or a sign that emits smoke, vapor, particles or odors.
3. 
Pole signs.
4. 
Portable display signs.
5. 
Moving/flashing signs.

Section 435.110 Amortization of Certain Signs.

[Ord. No. 2883 §1, 10-4-2004; Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.110), 2-21-2006; Ord. No. 3203 §3, 2-6-2012]
A. 
Amortization Of Certain Prohibited Signs. The types of signs listed below are prohibited; except that, legally erected existing signs — because of their more substantial construction and the economic investment in them by their owners — may remain until removed by the owner of the parcel on which the prohibited sign is located, or by the operator of the business for which the sign is displayed. Any sign not removed within the time period listed may be removed by the City of Harrisonville through standard regulatory enforcement proceedings:
1. 
Pole signs. Existing pole signs may remain in use under the following conditions:
a. 
Regular maintenance is provided under Section 435.130(B); and
b. 
Existing sign faces may be changed or modified; and
c. 
The existing pole sign is not contrary to the provisions outlined in Section 435.130(E) "Traffic Safety".
2. 
Portable display signs and moving/flashing signs. One (1) year from the adoption of these sign regulations.
3. 
Signs with scrolling text. Existing signs with scrolling text may remain in use under the following conditions:
a. 
Regular maintenance is provided under Section 435.130(B); and
b. 
The health, safety and welfare of the public are not put at risk.
B. 
Amortization Of Certain Non-Conforming Permitted Signs. Off-premise advertising signs that are non-conforming shall be made conforming or removed within three (3) years from the adoption of these regulations.

Section 435.120 Temporary Signs.

[Ord. No. 2883 §1, 10-4-2004; Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.120), 2-21-2006; Ord. No. 3092 §1, 8-3-2009]
A. 
Temporary signs shall be erected and maintained in a safe and attractive manner and shall be subject to applicable regulations except as specifically modified herein.
1. 
Duration. The sign may be placed upon initiation of the temporary event, and must be removed within a set time period as provided below:
a. 
Real estate sale or lease. Initiation upon the actual availability of the property or premises for sale or lease, and termination upon execution and acceptance of a final contract for the real estate transaction. Real estate signs do not require a permit.
b. 
Building construction or remodeling. Initiation upon issuance of a building permit — or upon initiation of construction for activity requiring no permit — and termination upon issuance of the certificate of occupancy or approval for connection to electric power for the work authorized by the building permit — or termination of the work for activity requiring no permit. Construction signs do not require a permit.
c. 
Election. Candidates for offices, levy signs or other elections may be displayed thirty (30) days prior to an election. They may not be put on State, County or City rights-of-way or easements and must be removed five (5) working days after the election. The signs must be removed even if the candidate qualifies for the primary and/or general election. Signs may be redisplayed thirty (30) days ahead of each election and removed five (5) working days after the election. Election signs do not need a permit.
d. 
Special, temporary events. Time-limited events that require attention-getting devices, a banner or fabric message display for a temporary period may display not more than two (2) temporary signs for up to twenty-one (21) days. Such signs shall be removed upon completion of the special event, not to exceed two (2) events per calendar year on one (1) parcel. In lieu of this Section, the provisions of Section 435.120(1)(f) "Banners and Fabric Message Displays" may be applied, but not both. Signs used for special, temporary events require a permit.
e. 
Temporary stand alone signs. One (1) temporary stand alone sign may be permitted in lieu of a banner or fabric message display for three hundred sixty-five (365) days effective on January first (1st) of each year with a permit. The provisions of Section 435.130(B) "Sign Maintenance" shall apply. Temporary stand alone signs require a permit.
f. 
Banners and Fabric Message Displays. One (1) banner or fabric message display may be permitted for three hundred sixty-five (365) days effective on January first (1st) of each year with a permit. The provisions of Section 435.130(B) "Sign Maintenance" shall apply. The same banner or fabric message display may not be displayed for more than ninety (90) days. In lieu of this Section, the provisions of Section 435.120(1)(d) "Special Temporary Events" may be applied, but not both. Banners and fabric message displays require a permit.
2. 
Number of temporary signs. Only one (1) temporary sign requiring a sign permit may be located on a parcel at any one time.
3. 
Size of temporary signs.
a. 
Single- and two-family residential districts. Temporary signs located on properties occupied by or zoned for residences shall not exceed six (6) square feet in area and three (3) feet in height. Temporary stand alone sign gross face area shall not exceed nine (9) square feet.
b. 
Multi-family and non-residential districts. Temporary signs located on properties occupied by or zoned for non-residential uses shall not exceed thirty-two (32) square feet in area and eight (8) feet in height; except that an inflatable sign may be larger. Temporary stand alone sign gross face area shall not exceed thirty-two (32) square feet.
4. 
Construction. Construction of temporary signs shall meet commonly accepted design parameters, as well as construction and materials standards for each sign type, and shall be removed if found to be a threat to the health, safety and welfare of the public by City Zoning and Building Officials; except that electrified temporary signs shall meet electrical codes.

Section 435.130 General Requirements Applicable To All Signs.

[Ord. No. 2883 §1, 10-4-2004; Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.130), 2-21-2006]
A. 
Conformance To Building And Electrical Codes.
1. 
In addition to the sign permit required by this Chapter, a building permit shall be obtained from the Director of Codes prior to installation or placement of any billboard. Billboards shall be constructed and maintained in conformance with all Building Code and National Electrical Code requirements.
2. 
Plans required for issuance of a building permit for a billboard shall be certified as to conformance with all structural and wind-load resistive standards of the Building Code by a registered design professional in the State of Missouri.
3. 
All signs involving internal lights or other electrical devices or circuits shall display a label certifying it as being approved by the Underwriter's Laboratories, Inc.
4. 
All electrical service to a sign shall comply with the National Electrical Code.
5. 
Clearance from all electrical power lines shall conform to the requirements of the National Electrical Code.
B. 
Sign Maintenance.
1. 
All signs, together with all their supports, braces, guys and anchors, shall be kept in good repair and, unless constructed of galvanized or non-corroding metal, shall be given a protective coating as necessary to maintain a clean appearance and safe condition.
2. 
All signs shall be maintained in accordance with all City ordinances, including ordinances concerning nuisances and vegetation.
3. 
Temporary stand alone signs, fabric message displays and banners shall be maintained in good condition and shall be replaced if torn, tattered, frayed, ripped, broke or faded more than fifty percent (50%) from its original condition.
C. 
Sign Limitations.
1. 
Sign height. Sign height shall be measured from the ground elevation at the base of the sign to the highest element of the sign.
2. 
Signs indirectly illuminated. Indirectly illuminated signs shall not allow light to spill directly onto adjoining property.
3. 
Time/temperature signs. A sign which displays the current time and/or temperature by use of intermittent lighting shall limit the lighting changes to text indicating time and/or temperature.
4. 
Animated signs. Electronic animated signs may be permitted as a component of a sign in conjunction with a primary use on the property where the sign is placed. Electronic message panels and animation shall be permitted only where they convey changing information directly related to the use of the principal structure on the premises. The applicant may propose and the City may condition its approval to require operational limitations, such as hours of operation, mode of operation, brightness or frequency of display change, and other matters related to the health, safety and welfare of the public. No electronic message panel shall be permitted unless the Governing Body determines that the following conditions will be met:
a. 
The message area of the panel must be oriented toward a local thoroughfare street or highway and shall not be readily visible from any existing residence within a three hundred (300) foot radius of the sign.
b. 
The mode of operation for the panel display shall be limited to the fade-in/fade-out mode where a message appears on the sign, is dissolved or turned off, and another message takes its place, not to exceed a change of message or animated image more than six (6) per minute. The display area of the panel shall not be operated to attract the attention of viewers through flashing displays.
c. 
The proposed message panel will not degrade traffic safety given its size, height, color, brightness, mode of operation and its relationship to surrounding traffic patterns, speeds and roadway geometrics.
d. 
The proposed message panel shall be designed as an integral part of a larger sign package for the principal land use of the parcel.
e. 
No portion of the animation or electronic message panel shall exceed the height limit for the sign in the subject district or twenty (20) feet in height above the average elevation of the surrounding grade, whichever is less.
f. 
Animated signs permitted by the provisions of this Section shall comply with all other sign requirements.
D. 
Computation Of Sign Area.
1. 
To determine compliance with the maximum allowable sign areas permitted under this code, the area of a sign shall be considered the sign face area unless otherwise stated.
2. 
Sign face area. The area of a sign face shall be computed as the area within the smallest rectangle enclosing the limits of a sign face, or the combination of the areas of all such rectangles delimiting each sign face, together with any frame or material, texture or color forming an integral part of the sign face or used to differentiate the sign face from the structure upon which it is placed.
3. 
On lots where more than one (1) sign is located, the total gross area of all the signs shall not exceed the maximum gross area for one (1) sign permitted by this regulation.
a. 
The computation of the area of a sign face shall not include the structure, supports or uprights on which the sign face is placed or any portions of a sign structure that are not intended to contain any message or idea and are purely structural or decorative in nature, other than those portions contained within the rectangle that delimits the sign face.
b. 
For any sign on which the words, letters, figures, symbols, logos, fixtures, colors or other design elements routinely change or are intended to be changed from time to time, the sign face area shall include the entire area within which any words, letters, figures, symbols, logos, fixtures, colors or other design elements may be placed, together with any frame or material, texture or color forming an integral part of the sign face or used to differentiate the sign face from the structure upon which it is placed.
Figure 12 Examples Of Sign Face Area Measurements
435_0008.tif
4. 
Sign structure area. The area of a sign structure shall be computed as the area within the smallest rectangle enclosing the limits of the surface of a sign whereon the sign face may be placed, including all portions of a sign structure that provide a background for the sign face but are not intended to contain any message or idea and are purely structural or decorative in nature.
a. 
Any open space contained within the limits of the rectangle delimiting the sign face or sign structure shall be included in the computation of the area of the sign face, sign face module or sign structure.
b. 
For multi-faced signs, when the sign face surfaces are parallel (back-to-back), or where the interior angle formed by the faces is forty-five degrees (45°) or less, the area of the sign shall be taken as the area on the largest side. For all other multi-faced signs, the area of the sign shall be the total area on all sides that can be viewed at one time from any angle.
Figure 13 Examples Of Sign Structure Area Measurements
435_0009.tif
E. 
Traffic Safety.
1. 
No sign shall be maintained at any location where, by reason of its position, size, shape or color, it may obstruct, impair, obscure, interfere with the view of, or be confused with any traffic or railroad control sign, signal or device, or where it may interfere with, mislead or confuse traffic.
2. 
Any sign located within three (3) feet of a driveway or within a parking area shall have its lowest elevation at least ten (10) feet above the curb level.
3. 
No sign shall be placed so as to be located within or project over any public right-of-way, unless excepted by the Planning Commission following consideration and determination of conformance with the following criteria:
a. 
Signs projecting over the sidewalk in the "CBD-1" Central Business District may be excepted, provided that no sign projected over a sidewalk shall cause potential injury to pedestrians.
b. 
The City maintains the right to remove or relocate any sign within the right-of-way as may be necessary to maintain, improve or expand infrastructure and other public improvements within the existing right-of-way. Removal, relocation or other necessary action shall be at the expense of the developer, property owner, building owner and/or association responsible for the sign or to which the sign is associated.
c. 
Under no circumstances shall any sign be placed in the sight triangle as defined by the City's Subdivision Regulations.
F. 
Landscaping. Ground signs, monument signs and elevated signs shall be landscaped as required in these regulations. Landscaping consisting of trees, bushes, or ornamental shrubs shall be provided for all ground signs, monument signs and elevated signs. One planting shall be provided for each ten (10) square foot of sign face area, but not less than four (4) plantings shall be provided. Landscaping shall extend no less than three (3) feet from the base of the sign.

Section 435.140 Regulations Relating To Billboards.

[Ord. No. 2883 §1, 10-4-2004; Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.140), 2-21-2006]
A. 
Purpose.
1. 
Billboards targeting messages at drivers on primary highways and roadways within the City have a significant adverse impact on the safety of the traveling public when such structures because of their size, lighting, spacing, location, height or design distract or confuse travelers, interfere with vision, or obscure traffic signs or signals. Billboards targeting messages at drivers on the interstate and primary highways within the City also have a significant adverse aesthetic impact on the community when such structures dominate the surrounding environment both visually and physically with their large sizes, bright lighting, close spacing, intrusive locations and great heights. The adverse aesthetic impact of billboards can be especially harmful at entryways to the City, which are a visitor's first impression of the community.
Therefore, the erection and placement of billboards along primary highways and roadways within the City are subject to reasonable regulations relative to size, lighting, spacing, location and height to avoid adverse safety impacts; and to adapt the State Highway Commission standards so that in-town billboards are compatible with urban land uses, where neighbors are closer to one another than in open rural areas. Avoiding such adverse impacts is intended to further the substantial public interest in protecting private investment in adjoining properties and public investment in the interstates and highways, promote the recreational value of public travel, preserve the natural beauty of the community, provide a favorable first impression of the community and promote the safety of public travel.
B. 
Special Use Permit Required For A Billboard. In addition to complying with the terms of this code, a special use permit must be obtained in accordance with the procedures set forth in the zoning regulations.
C. 
Placement Of Billboards.
1. 
Billboards shall be located on private property.
2. 
A billboard shall not be located closer than one thousand five hundred (1,500) feet from any other billboard. Spacing shall be determined based on signs that have received a special use permit or that are signs established as legal non-conforming uses. Signs having received prior authorization or that are a legal non-conforming use shall have priority over a later applicant in determining compliance with the spacing restrictions. Where two (2) different applications conflict with each other, so that only one (1) of the applications may be granted, the first (1st) application received by the City will be the first (1st) considered for approval. The second (2nd) application shall remain pending until resolution of the first (1st) application. The second (2nd) applicant shall be advised in writing if the first (1st) application considered is granted, and the second (2nd) application shall be automatically denied. If the first (1st) application is denied, the second (2nd) application shall then be considered.
3. 
Billboards shall not be located adjacent to or within one thousand five hundred (1,500) feet of any interchange, intersection at grade or safety rest area that is existing or approved for construction. The one thousand five hundred (1,500) feet shall be measured from the beginning or ending of the pavement widening at the exit from or entrance to the main traveled way or, if there is no pavement widening, then from the midpoint of the intersection.
4. 
To preserve adjoining property values and avoid adverse aesthetic impacts, billboards shall not be located within one thousand five hundred (1,500) feet of land zoned for residential purposes.
5. 
Billboards shall be permitted only within six hundred sixty (660) feet of the nearest edge of the rights-of-way of U.S. 71.
6. 
Billboards shall be permitted only in the following zoning districts: "C-2", "C-3", "M-1", "M-2".
7. 
No billboard shall be permitted to be mounted, attached or affixed to a building rooftop or the walls of any building.
D. 
Lighting Of Billboards.
1. 
Billboards shall not include any revolving or rotating beam or beacon of light that simulates any emergency light or device.
2. 
Billboards shall not include any flashing, intermittent or moving light or lights, except electronic message boards designating public service information such as time, date or temperature or similar information.
3. 
Billboards may be lighted by external lighting, such as floodlights, thin line and gooseneck reflectors, provided the light source is directed upon the face of the billboard and is effectively shielded so as to prevent beams or rays of light from being directed into any portion of the main traveled way of the interstate or highway or into any portion of adjacent properties and the lights are not of an intensity so as to cause glare, impair the vision of the driver of a motor vehicle, or otherwise interfere with a driver's operation of a motor vehicle.
4. 
Billboards shall not be illuminated so that it interferes with the effectiveness of, or obscures, an official traffic sign, device or signal.
5. 
Billboards shall not have a maximum average lighting intensity level that exceeds twenty (20) foot-candles.
E. 
Size Of Billboards. Billboards shall not exceed a maximum area for any one (1) sign of one thousand two hundred (1,200) square feet with a maximum height of thirty (30) feet and a maximum length of sixty (60) feet, inclusive of border and trim but excluding the base or apron, supports and other structural members. The maximum size limitations shall apply to each side of a sign structure, and signs may be placed back to back, double faced, or in a V-type construction with not more than two (2) displays to each facing, but the sign structure shall be considered as one (1) sign.
F. 
Setbacks And Height Of Billboards.
1. 
To provide a safety zone to prevent injury or property damage from collapse caused by acts of nature or other causes, billboards shall meet the following minimum setback requirements from all points of the sign:
a. 
At least ninety (90) feet from its nearest edge to the rights-of-way of any primary highway;
b. 
At least ninety (90) feet from all property lines and all roofed structures; and
c. 
At least ninety (90) feet from any other structure that would require a building permit for its construction.
2. 
To provide a further safety zone to prevent injury or property damage from collapse of billboards caused by acts of nature or other causes, billboards shall not exceed thirty (30) feet in height above the rights-of-way grade from which it is viewed. In cases where the grade at the location of the proposed billboard is higher than the right-of-way grade adjacent to which it is located, the City may require the overall height of the sign to be lowered as a condition of granting a permit to prevent the sign from unreasonably detracting from the visibility of other neighboring signs or properties.
3. 
The application for the billboard sign permit shall contain documentation to the satisfaction of the City that the applicant has secured the legally enforceable right to prevent the erection of structures within the setback zones. No building permit shall be issued for construction of any building within the setback clearance zone.
G. 
Service Drives To Billboards. Billboards shall be accessible by means of a paved drive that is internal to the lot or parcel on which the sign is located. All vehicles, equipment and people used to build, service, maintain and repair the signs must confine their activity so as not to interfere with pedestrian or vehicular traffic on public roads.
H. 
Additional Information Required Prior To Permitting Of A Billboard.
1. 
Billboards shall not be permitted by the City until a permit has been issued by the Missouri Highway and Transportation Commission.
2. 
Billboards shall not be permitted before the applicant has submitted the following certifications from the appropriate professionals registered in Missouri:
a. 
Certification from a professional engineer registered in the State of Missouri that the soil and subsoil surface is capable of accepting the projected loads;
b. 
Certification from a professional engineer registered in the State of Missouri as to the electrical portion of the sign;
c. 
Certification from a professional engineer registered in the State of Missouri as to the structural strength of the sign; and
d. 
A certified boundary survey from a surveyor registered in the State of Missouri of the site and its setback/clearance zones.
3. 
Billboards shall not be permitted before the applicant has submitted a sign survey to indicate the relative vertical and horizontal distances between the proposed sign and all principal freestanding signs within one thousand five hundred (1,500) feet. If by reason of height, size or spacing the proposed sign creates a significant disharmony with a principal freestanding sign within one thousand five hundred (1,500) feet or unreasonably detracts from the visibility of other neighboring signs or properties, the City may require reasonable modification of the billboard's dimensions to cure these deficiencies as a condition to granting a permit.
4. 
Billboards shall not be permitted before the applicant has submitted to the City financial security in the form of a bond, letter of credit or other financial security as approved by the Director; a right of access; and any other measures necessary and sufficient to ensure removal of signs that are not validly permitted or that constitute a nuisance.
I. 
Inspection Of Billboards. Owners of all billboards shall be required to submit an inspection to the City concerning a sign's structural integrity. Failure to submit a report shall result in the immediate revocation of the sign's permit.

Section 435.150 Non-Conformities.

[Ord. No. 2883 §1, 10-4-2004; Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.150), 2-21-2006]
A. 
All signs legally existing at the time of passage of these regulations and which are made non-conforming and are not subject to amortization requirements may remain in use under the conditions of legal non-conformance. Signs in legal non-conformance shall not be enlarged, moved, lighted or reconstructed; however, the change of the advertising display shall not be restricted except as previously stated.
1. 
Abandoned signs.
a. 
Any sign that provides notice of a special event or a temporary event or any other temporary purpose that has occurred shall be deemed to have been abandoned.
b. 
Any sign that fails to meet the maintenance requirements of this code shall be deemed to be abandoned.
2. 
Sign removal.
a. 
Prohibited signs may be removed immediately by an order of the City.
b. 
Signs that are deemed to be abandoned or otherwise found to be in violation of this code shall be removed by the owner of the sign or owner of the premises within thirty (30) days from the written notice by the City. The City shall have the discretion to grant an additional thirty (30) days for the required improvements to be made provided substantial progress is being made to correct the deficiencies and a written request for an extension is received at least five (5) working days before the end of the original notice. Any signs not removed within the time period required by this Subsection may be removed by the City and all costs charged to the owner of the premises upon which the sign was located or the owner of the sign itself.
c. 
Should any sign become insecure or in danger of falling or otherwise unsafe in the opinion of the Director of Codes, the owner or person or firm maintaining the sign shall, upon written notice from the City, forthwith in the case of immediate danger and in any case within ten (10) days, remove such sign or secure it in a manner approved by the City. Any sign not removed or secured within ten (10) days from the written notice may be removed by the City and all costs charged to the owner, agent, or person having beneficial interest of the building or premises upon which the sign was located, or in the sign itself.
d. 
If any sign is installed, erected or constructed in violation of this code, the owner or person or firm maintaining the sign shall, upon written notice from the City, within ten (10) days, remove the sign or bring it into compliance with this code. Any sign not removed or properly altered within ten (10) days from the written notice may be removed by the City and all costs charged to the owner, agent, or person having beneficial interest of the building or premises upon which the sign was located, or in the sign itself.
3. 
Replacement of damaged sign faces and illumination repairs following a natural disaster.
a. 
The replacement of damaged sign faces and illumination repairs to existing non-conforming signs following a natural disaster such as a tornado or ice storm shall be permitted without requiring a permit fee or causing the sign to be brought into compliance with current sign code regulations.
b. 
Existing non-conforming signs which sustain structural damage as a result of a natural disaster shall be required to meet all current sign code regulations.

Section 435.160 Master Signage Plan.

[Ord. No. 2883 §1, 10-4-2004; Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.160), 2-21-2006]
A. 
Developer/owners of commercial centers may elect to submit a master signage plan to accommodate multiple signs in one (1) development. If a developer elects to submit a master signage plan, no permit shall be issued for an individual sign requiring a permit unless and until a master signage plan for the zone lot on which the sign will be erected has been approved by the City as conforming with this Section.
1. 
Submittals. Master signage plan submittals: For any zone lot on which the owner proposes to erect one (1) or more signs requiring a permit, the owner shall submit to the City a master signage plan containing the following:
a. 
An accurate plot plan of the zone lot, at such scale the Planning and Zoning Department may reasonably require;
b. 
Location of buildings, parking lots, driveways and landscaped areas on such zone lot;
c. 
Computation of the maximum total sign area, the maximum area for individual signs, the height of signs and the number of freestanding signs allowed on the zone lot(s) included in the plan under this Chapter; and
d. 
An accurate indication on the plot plan of the proposed location of each present and future sign of any type, whether requiring a permit or not; except that incidental signs need not be shown.
2. 
Sign design standards and development requirements.
a. 
The master signage plan shall specify standards for consistency among all signs on the zone lot with regard to:
(1) 
Lettering or graphic style;
(2) 
Lighting;
(3) 
Location of each sign on the buildings;
(4) 
Material; and
(5) 
Sign proportions.
b. 
Consent. The master signage plan shall be signed by all owners or their authorized agents in such form as the City shall require.
c. 
Procedures. A master signage plan shall be included in any site plan or other official plan required by the City for the proposed development and shall be processed simultaneously with such other plan.
d. 
Amendment. A master signage plan may be amended by filing a new master signage plan that conforms with all requirements of the ordinance then in effect.
e. 
Binding effect. After approval of a master signage plan, no sign shall be erected, placed, painted or maintained except in conformance with such plan, and such plan may be enforced in the same way as any provision of this Chapter. In case of any conflict between the provisions of such a plan and any other provision of this Chapter, the ordinance shall control.

Section 435.170 Sign Permits.

[Ord. No. 2883 §1, 10-4-2004; Ord. No. 2956 §1(130.170), 2-21-2006]
In addition to a building permit as may be required under the City of Harrisonville Building Code, a sign permit shall be obtained from the City prior to installation or construction of any sign regulated under this code except for those signs specifically exempted under this code. Sign permits shall be granted pursuant to the provisions governing sign permits.