City of Bolivar, MO
Polk County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

Section 310.010 Authority of Police and Fire Department Officials.

[R.O. 2007 §310.010; Ord. No. 486 §3(p-1), 11-16-1973; Ord. No. 2883 §I, 9-10-2009; Ord. No. 2887 §II, 9-28-2009]
A. 
It shall be the duty of the officers of the Police Department or such officers as are assigned by the Chief of Police to enforce all street traffic laws of the City and all of the State vehicle laws applicable to street traffic in the City.
B. 
Officers of the Police Department or such officers as are assigned by the Chief of Police are hereby authorized to direct all traffic by voice, hand or signal in conformance with traffic laws; provided that, in the event of a fire or other emergency or to expedite traffic or to safeguard pedestrians, officers of the Police Department may direct traffic as conditions may require notwithstanding the provisions of the traffic laws.
C. 
Officers of the Fire Department, when at the scene of a fire, or when at the scene of a traffic accident, or other scene to which they are performing duties within the scope of their position within the department, may direct or assist the Police in directing traffic thereat or in the immediate vicinity.
D. 
The Superintendent of Schools of the Bolivar R-1 School District and the president of Southwest Baptist University or the officials of those institutions that are directly responsible to the superintendent or president, and that are appointed in writing by those chief executive officers, are hereby authorized and empowered to appoint in writing specific employees of the district and university to act as traffic control agents (respectively, the "School District Traffic Control Agents" and the "University Traffic Control Agents") for the purpose and with the power to expedite and control traffic flows and to safeguard pedestrians by directing traffic on, entering or leaving, or pedestrians walking on or across public streets that are adjacent to their respective campuses during periods when vehicle or pedestrian traffic is heavy or excessive as determined in the discretion of the appointing authority. All direction of a Traffic Control Agent shall be by voice, hands, signs or signals in conformance with traffic laws or as conditions may require notwithstanding the provisions of the traffic laws. The name and address together with a photograph of each employee appointed as a School District Traffic Control Agent or a University Traffic Control Agent shall be reported in writing within three (3) business days of the appointment to the Bolivar Chief of Police or his designee. While directing traffic, the agent shall wear a vest or other item of clothing that clearly reflects that he is a Traffic Control Agent. Such agent shall act under the supervision and control of the school district or university that appointed the agent and not of the City; provided that the Chief of Police and each of the Police Department's duly commissioned officer is hereby authorized and empowered to assume the duties of traffic control and to either work with the agent to control traffic or to direct such agent to cease his traffic control activities.

Section 310.020 Obedience To Police and Fire Department Officials.

[R.O. 2007 §310.020; Ord. No. 486 §3(p-2), 11-16-1973; Ord. No. 2887 §III, 9-28-2009]
No person shall knowingly fail or refuse to comply with any lawful order or direction of a Police Office, Fire Department official, School District Traffic Control Agent or University Traffic Control Agent. An order shall be lawful if the order is intended to expedite or control traffic flow or to protect pedestrians, whether or not the order or direction is otherwise consistent with the traffic ordinances of the City. Failure to comply with a lawful order of any person empowered in this Chapter to direct or control vehicular or pedestrian traffic shall be deemed guilty of an ordinance violation.

Section 310.030 Persons Propelling Pushcarts or Riding Animals To Obey Traffic Regulations.

[R.O. 2007 §310.030; Ord. No. 486 §3(p-3), 11-16-1973]
Every person propelling any pushcart or riding an animal upon a roadway, and every person driving any animal drawn vehicle, shall be subject to the provisions of this Title applicable to the driver of any vehicle, except those provisions of this Title which by their very nature can have no application.

Section 310.040 Use of Coasters, Roller Skates and Similar Devices Restricted.

[R.O. 2007 §310.040; Ord. No. 486 §3(p-4), 11-16-1973]
No person upon roller skates or riding in or by means of any coaster, toy vehicle or similar device shall go upon any roadway except while crossing a street on a crosswalk and when so crossing, such person shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to pedestrians. This Section shall not apply upon any street while set aside as a play street as authorized by ordinance of the City.

Section 310.050 Public Employees To Obey Traffic Regulations.

[R.O. 2007 §310.050; Ord. No. 486 §3(p-5), 11-16-1973]
The provisions of this Title shall apply to the driver of any vehicle owner by or used in the service of the United States Government, this State, County or City and it shall be unlawful for any said driver to violate any of the provisions of this Title, except as otherwise permitted in this Title.

Section 310.060 Emergency Vehicles — Use of Lights and Sirens — Right-Of-Way — Stationary Vehicles, Procedure — Penalty.

A. 
Upon the immediate approach of an emergency vehicle giving audible signal by siren or while having at least one (1) lighted lamp exhibiting red light visible under normal atmospheric conditions from a distance of five hundred (500) feet to the front of such vehicle or a flashing blue light authorized by Section 310.070 of this Chapter, the driver of every other vehicle shall yield the right-of-way and shall immediately drive to a position parallel to, and as far as possible to the right of, the traveled portion of the highway and thereupon stop and remain in such position until such emergency vehicle has passed, except when otherwise directed by a police or traffic officer.
B. 
Upon approaching a stationary emergency vehicle displaying lighted red or red and blue lights, the driver of every motor vehicle shall:
1. 
Proceed with caution and yield the right-of-way, if possible with due regard to safety and traffic conditions, by making a lane change into a lane not adjacent to that of the stationary vehicle, if on a roadway having at least four (4) lanes with not less than two (2) lanes proceeding in the same direction as the approaching vehicle; or
2. 
Proceed with due caution and reduce the speed of the vehicle, maintaining a safe speed for road conditions, if changing lanes would be unsafe or impossible.
C. 
Responsibilities Of Driver Of Emergency Vehicle.
1. 
The driver of any "emergency vehicle" defined in Section 300.010 of this Code shall not sound the siren thereon or have the front red lights or blue lights on except when such vehicle is responding to an emergency call or when in pursuit of an actual or suspected law violator, or when responding to, but not upon returning from, a fire.
2. 
The driver of an emergency vehicle may:
a. 
Park or stand irrespective of the provisions of Sections 304.014 to 304.025, RSMo., and the provisions of this Code;
b. 
Proceed past a red or stop signal or stop sign, but only after slowing down as may be necessary for safe operation;
c. 
Exceed the prima facie speed limit so long as the driver does not endanger life or property;
d. 
Disregard regulations governing direction of movement or turning in specified directions.
3. 
The exemptions granted to an emergency vehicle pursuant to Subsection (C)(2) of this Section shall apply only when the driver of any such vehicle while in motion sounds audible signal by bell, siren, or exhaust whistle as may be reasonably necessary, and when the vehicle is equipped with at least one (1) lighted lamp displaying a red light or blue light visible under normal atmospheric conditions from a distance of five hundred (500) feet to the front of such vehicle.
D. 
No person shall purchase an emergency light as described in this Section without furnishing the seller of such light an affidavit stating that the light will be used exclusively for emergency vehicle purposes.

Section 310.070 Sirens and Flashing Lights Emergency Use — Persons Authorized — Violation — Penalty.

Motor vehicles and equipment, not otherwise defined in this Title as an authorized emergency vehicle, which are operated by any member of an organized Fire Department, ambulance association or rescue squad, whether paid or volunteer, may be operated on streets and highways in this City as an emergency vehicle under the provisions of Section 310.060 of this Chapter, while responding to a fire call or ambulance call or at the scene of a fire call or ambulance call and while using or sounding a warning siren and using or displaying thereon fixed, flashing or rotating blue lights, but sirens and blue lights shall be used only in bona fide emergencies. Permits for the operation of such vehicles equipped with sirens or blue lights shall be in writing and shall be issued and may be revoked by the Chief of an organized Fire Department, organized ambulance association or rescue squad and no person shall use or display a siren or rotating blue lights on a motor vehicle, fire, ambulance or rescue equipment without a valid permit authorizing the use. Permit to use a siren or lights as heretofore set out does not relieve the operator of the vehicle so equipped with complying with all other traffic laws and regulations. Violation of this Section constitutes an ordinance violation.

Section 310.080 Endangerment of A Highway Worker, Violation, Penalty.

[Ord. No. 2819 §I, 9-11-2008]
A. 
As used in this Section, the term "highway" will mean any public thoroughfare for vehicles, including State roads, County roads, and all public streets, avenues, boulevards, parkways, or alleys within the City of Bolivar.
B. 
As used in this Section the term "construction zone" or "work zone" means any area upon or around any highway as defined in this Section, which is visibly marked by the Missouri Department of Transportation, or by the City of Bolivar at the direction of the City Administrator or Director of Public Works, or by a contractor or subcontractor performing work for the Missouri Department of Transportation or for the City of Bolivar, as an area where construction, maintenance, incident removal, or other work is temporarily occurring. The term "work zone" or "construction zone" also includes the lanes of highway leading up to the area upon which an activity described in this Subsection is being performed, beginning at the point where appropriate signs or traffic control devices are posted or placed.
C. 
As used in this Section, the terms "worker" or "highway worker" will mean any person that is working in a construction zone or work zone, and will include emergency responders working in a construction zone or work zone.
D. 
As used in this Section, the term "emergency responders" will mean firefighters, police officers, licensed medical personnel, and others authorized by State law, rule or regulation, or by City ordinance, to respond to the scene of an emergency.
E. 
A person shall be deemed to commit the offense of "endangerment of a highway worker" upon conviction for any of the following when the offense occurs within a construction zone or work zone:
1. 
Exceeding the posted speed limit by fifteen (15) miles per hour or more;
2. 
Passing in violation of Subsection (4) of Section 304.582, RSMo.;
3. 
Failure to stop for a work zone flagman or failure to obey traffic control devices erected in the construction zone or work zone for purposes of controlling the flow of motor vehicles through the zone;
4. 
Driving through or around a work zone by any lane not clearly designated to motorists for the flow of traffic through or around the work zone;
5. 
Physically assaulting, or attempting to assault, or threatening to assault a highway worker in a construction zone or work zone, with a motor vehicle or other instrument;
6. 
Intentionally striking, moving, or altering barrels, barriers, signs, or other devices erected to control the flow of traffic to protect workers and motorists in the work zone for a reason other than avoidance of an obstacle, an emergency, or to protect the health and safety of an occupant of the motor vehicle or of another person; or
7. 
Committing any of the following offenses for which points may be assessed under Section 302.302, RSMo., or the Bolivar Municipal Code:
a. 
Leaving the scene of an accident in violation of Section 577.060, RSMo., or Section 315.040 of the Municipal Code;
b. 
Careless and imprudent driving in violation of Subsection (4) of Section 304.016, RSMo., or Section 335.220 of the Municipal Code;
c. 
Operating without a valid license in violation of Subdivision (1) or (2) of Subsection (1) of Section 302.020, RSMo., or Section 380.020 of the Municipal Code;
d. 
Operating with a suspended or revoked license;
e. 
Driving while in an intoxicated condition or under the influence of controlled substances or drugs or driving with an excessive blood alcohol content;
f. 
Any offense that would otherwise be classified as a felony involving the use of a motor vehicle pursuant to the Revised Statutes of Missouri.
F. 
The offense of endangerment of a highway worker under Subsection (E) of this Section if no injury or death to a highway worker resulted from the offense is an ordinance violation. Upon conviction or a plea of guilty for committing the offense of endangerment of a highway worker under Subsection (D) of this Section if no injury or death to a highway worker resulted from the offense, in addition to any other penalty authorized by law, the person shall be subject to a fine of not more than three hundred dollars ($300.00) and shall have two (2) points assessed to his or her driver's license under Section 302.302, RSMo.
G. 
A person shall be deemed to commit the offense of "aggravated endangerment of a highway worker" upon conviction or a plea of guilty for any offense under Subsection (E) of this Section when such offense occurs in a construction zone or work zone and results in the injury or death of a highway worker. The offense of "aggravated endangerment of a highway worker" is an ordinance violation. Upon conviction or a plea of guilty for committing the offense of aggravated endangerment of a highway worker, in addition to any other penalty authorized by law, the person shall be subject to a fine of not more than five hundred dollars ($500.00). In addition, such person shall have two (2) points assessed to their driver's license under Section 302.302, RSMo.
H. 
Except for the offense established under Subdivision (6) of Subsection (E) of this Section, no person shall be deemed to commit the offense of endangerment of a highway worker except when the act or omission constituting the offense occurred when one (1) or more highway workers were in the construction zone or work zone.
I. 
No person shall be cited or convicted for endangerment of a highway worker or aggravated endangerment of a highway worker, for any act or omission otherwise constituting an offense under Subsection (E) of this Section, if such act or omission resulted in whole or in part from mechanical failure of the person's vehicle or from the negligence of another person or a highway worker.