Wright City, MO
Warren County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

Section 405.010 Adoption and Short Title.

[Ord. No. 228 §700.1, 5-10-1990]
This Title and the District Zoning Map, separate but made a part hereof, shall be known as "The Zoning Ordinance" of the City of Wright City, Missouri.

Section 405.020 Purpose.

[Ord. No. 228 §700.2, 5-10-1990]
A. 
The main purpose of the Zoning Ordinance is to provide a framework for implementing the Wright City Comprehensive Development Plan.
1. 
These regulations are made in accordance with the Statutes of the State of Missouri and amendments thereto and in accordance with the Comprehensive Development Plan of the City of Wright City and are designed to:
a. 
Promote the health, safety, morals, comfort or general welfare of the inhabitants of Wright City, Missouri;
b. 
Conserve and protect property and building values;
c. 
Secure the most appropriate use of land; and
d. 
Facilitate the adequate provision of public improvements throughout the City.
2. 
This Zoning Ordinance regulates and restricts in the City of Wright City the use of land and the location of improvements thereon and is intended to:
a. 
Divide into districts the City, said districts being arranged according to the Wright City Development Plan and referenced to maps showing the same;
b. 
Regulate and restrict within such districts the erection, construction, reconstruction, alterations, repair, location, relocation, maintenance or use of buildings, dwellings, structures, lots or land;
c. 
Regulate and restrict the height, number of stories and size of buildings, dwellings and structures; percentage of lot that may be occupied; size of yards, courts or other open spaces; population density; location and use of buildings, dwellings, structures and land for trade, industry, residences and other purposes and uses; and
d. 
Preserve features of historical significance, natural resources and agricultural lands.
3. 
These regulations provide for a Planning Commission and a Board of Adjustment and define their respective powers and duties.
4. 
These regulations provide for amendments, permits, enforcement and penalties.

Section 405.030 Intent.

[Ord. No. 228 §700.3, 5-10-1990]
A. 
To support the above-stated purpose by identifying the City's specific zoning districts, and establishing the characteristics and limitations appropriate to each, based on the following factors:
1. 
The stability and integrity of the various zoning districts.
2. 
Protection against fire and casualties.
3. 
Observation of general police regulations.
4. 
Prevention of traffic congestion.
5. 
Promotion of traffic safety and the orderly parking of motor vehicles.
6. 
Provision for adequate light and air.
7. 
Prevention of overcrowding and excessive land-use intensity.
8. 
Capacity of public utilities and schools.
9. 
Invasion by inappropriate uses.
10. 
Value, type and character of existing land uses.
11. 
Conformance to overall planning.

Section 405.040 Classes of Districts.

[Ord. No. 228 §700.4, 5-10-1990; Ord. No. 354 §I, 3-25-1999]
A. 
The City of Wright City zoning districts hereby established, and to which these regulations apply, are as follows:
1. 
Agricultural and miscellaneous.
"AG"
-
General Agricultural
"FP"
-
Flood Plain
"PS"
-
Park and Scenic
2. 
Residential.
"SR-1"
-
Single-family residential, one (1) acre or more
"SR-2"
-
Single-family residential, twenty-one thousand seven hundred eighty (21,780) square feet
"SR-3"
-
Single-family residential, ten to fifteen thousand (10-15,000) square feet
"SR-4"
-
Single-family residential, seven thousand five hundred (7,500) square feet
"MR-1"
-
Two-family residential
"MR-2"
-
Multiple-family residential
"MH"
-
Mobile home
3. 
Commercial.
"C-1"
-
Commercial, neighborhood
"C-2"
-
Commercial, central business
"C-3"
-
Commercial, shopping center
"C-4"
-
Commercial, general
"C-5"
-
Commercial, downtown
4. 
Industrial.
"M-1"
-
Light industrial
"M-2"
-
Heavy industrial
5. 
"PDA". Planned Development Area
6. 
"SL". Sanitary Landfill

Section 405.050 Zoning Maps.

[Ord. No. 228 §700.5, 5-10-1990]
The boundaries of such zoning districts enumerated in these regulations are hereby established as shown on the zoning maps prepared for that purpose, said maps being hereby designated as the City of Wright City Zoning District Maps, and said maps and all notations, references and information shown thereon are hereby made as much a part of these regulations as if the same were set forth in full herein. The Planning Commission shall keep on file in its office authentic copies of said maps and all changes, amendments or additions thereto.

Section 405.060 Area Governed By These Regulations.

[Ord. No. 228 §700.6, 5-10-1990]
The area governed by these regulations is hereby declared to be the land within the City limits of Wright City.

Section 405.070 General Rules For Application.

[Ord. No. 228 §700.7, 5-10-1990; Ord. No. 390 §§I — II, 4-12-2001]
A. 
In applying and interpreting these regulations, the requirements contained herein are declared to be the minimum requirements necessary to carry out the purpose of this Title. Except as specifically provided herein, these regulations shall not be deemed to interfere with, abrogate, annul or otherwise affect in any manner whatsoever any law, ordinance, easement, covenant or other agreement between parties. Whenever the provisions of these regulations impose greater restrictions upon the use of land or buildings, or upon the height or bulk of buildings, or require larger building site areas, yards or open spaces than are imposed or required by any such other law, ordinance, rule, regulation, permit, easement, covenant or other agreement between parties, this regulation shall control. These regulations shall apply uniformly to each class or kind of structure or land within each district, and, particularly, except as otherwise provided herein:
1. 
The use shall be unlawful of any land, structure or building for any purpose other than permitted in the district where such land, structure or building is located.
2. 
No building or structure shall be erected, constructed, reconstructed, moved or altered to exceed the height or area limit.
[Ord. No. 852 §XV, 4-23-2015]
3. 
No building shall hereafter be erected, reconstructed, relocated or structurally altered on any lot or parcel unless such lot or parcel faces a dedicated street or right of way. Where a building exists, a required dedicated street or right of way shall not be vacated so as to eliminate the required access to a dedicated street or right of way.
4. 
No building shall hereafter be erected, constructed, reconstructed, moved, relocated or structurally altered to have a greater percentage of lot area, to accommodate or have a greater number of facilities, or to have narrower or smaller yards, courts or open spaces than is permissible under the limitations set forth herein for the district where said building is located.
5. 
No part of a yard or other open space required for any specific building or use and necessary to meet the requirements of these regulations shall be included as part of a yard or open space required for another building or use.
6. 
No lot, held under one (1) ownership at the effective date on or before May 10, 1990, shall be reduced in dimension or area in relation to any building thereon so as to be smaller than that required by this regulation; if already smaller, the dimensions or the area shall not be further reduced.
7. 
Every building hereafter erected or altered shall be located on a lot as herein defined and in no case shall more than one (1) principal building be located on one (1) lot except as provided herein.
8. 
No lot area shall be reduced or diminished so the yards or other open spaces shall be smaller than prescribed by these regulations, nor shall the population density be increased in any manner, except in conformity with the area regulations established herein.
9. 
Except as provided in Section 405.070(10), any and all lands annexed to the City after May 10, 1990 shall be classified as an "AG" — General Agricultural District until, within a period not to exceed ninety (90) days following the annexation date, the Planning Commission shall appropriately reclassify such annexed area in accordance with the amendment procedure to this Title.
10. 
Areas which may hereafter be proposed to be voluntarily annexed to the City may first be tentatively zoned by the Board of Aldermen, following study and recommendations by the Planning and Zoning Commission, if the owners thereof desire; such tentative zoning shall, upon the effective date of the annexation, become the classified zoning.

Section 405.080 General Rules For Interpretation.

[Ord. No. 228 §700.8, 5-10-1990; Ord. No. 765 §I, 7-26-2012]
A. 
With respect to interpreting these regulations, the following rules shall apply:
1. 
District boundaries. When uncertainty exists with respect to the boundaries of any of the districts enumerated within this Title or on the zoning maps, the following rules shall apply:
a. 
Where district boundary lines are indicated as approximately following roads, streets, alleys, highways or railroads, such boundaries shall be construed as following the rights-of-way thereof.
b. 
Where district boundary lines are indicated as approximately following lot lines or section lines, such lines shall be construed as the said boundaries.
c. 
Where a district boundary line appears to follow a stream, lake or other body of water, said boundary line shall be deemed to be at the centerline of the stream, lake or body of water, unless otherwise indicated.
d. 
Where a district boundary line divides a lot or unsubdivided property, and the dimensions are not shown on the map, the boundary's location shall be determined by using the scale appearing on the zoning maps.
e. 
When definite distances in feet are not shown on the zoning district maps, the district boundaries are intended to be along existing property lines, roads, streets, alleys or platted lot lines, survey or land lines or extensions of same, and if the exact location of such lines is not clear, such location shall be determined by the Zoning Enforcement Officer, due consideration being given to location as indicated by the scale of the zoning maps.
f. 
When roads, streets or alleys on the ground differ from the roads, streets or alleys as shown on the zoning maps, the Zoning Enforcement Officer shall apply the district designations on the maps to the roads, streets or alleys on the ground in such a manner as to conform to the intent and purpose of these regulations.
g. 
Wherever any road, street or alley is vacated, the particular district in which the adjacent property lies shall be automatically extended to the centerline of any such road, street or alley which thenceforth shall be subject to all regulations of said extended district(s). Wherever a public road, street or alley is dedicated as such, the zoning district designation within that dedicated road, street or alley shall be automatically made void.
h. 
The boundaries of the Floodway and Floodway Fringe Overlay Districts shall be determined by scaling distances on the official zoning map or on the Flood Insurance Rate Map, and in case of conflict between a mapped boundary and actual field conditions, the Zoning Enforcement Officer shall make the necessary interpretation. The regulatory flood elevation for the point in question shall be the governing factor in locating the district boundary on the land.
i. 
Any person contesting the location of a district boundary, or the Zoning Enforcement Officer's interpretation of same, shall be given a reasonable opportunity to present his case to the Board of Adjustment and to submit his own technical evidence, and the Board shall resolve the dispute.
2. 
Uses.
a. 
Uses listed under the heading Permitted Land Uses and Developments are allowable in respective districts.
b. 
Uses listed under the heading Conditional Uses and Land Developments are allowable in respective districts with Planning Commission approval. If a residential use is requested in non-residential districts, such use shall conform to the residential district regulations.
c. 
Unlisted uses. Any use not listed is specifically prohibited. Any use not shown as a use permitted by right, a conditional use or a planned use in a zoning district is specifically prohibited in that district. Uses not listed have been determined either not to be appropriate in any district, incompatible with certain existing uses, or sufficiently rare or unexpected as to be incapable of being listed at the time of adoption of this Code. Any use not shown as a use permitted by right, a conditional use or a planned use in any zoning district, but constituting a use that is required to be permitted by law, shall be authorized only in the industrial district subject to the following conditions:
1) 
The use shall be permitted only to the extent required by law to be permitted;
2) 
The use shall be approved only as a planned use, except if by law it is required to be permitted by right;
3) 
The use shall be located no closer than one thousand (1,000) feet from any residence, residential property, park, school or church, except as may be modified by the Board of Aldermen through a planned use procedure;
4) 
The use shall maintain a distance of at least one thousand (1,000) feet from any other such use;
5) 
No use shall occupy a structure in excess of five thousand (5,000) square feet without an approved alternate parking plan designed for that use and supported by a traffic study submitted to and approved by the Board of Aldermen.
3. 
Nothing contained herein shall be construed as authorizing the governing body to discriminate against any person by reason of color, race or gender.
4. 
Any person having an interest in property affected by these regulations may have the reasonableness of these regulations determined by bringing an action in the District Court of the County against the City and/or the Planning Commission.

Section 405.090 Word Interpretation and Definitions.

[Ord. No. 228 §700.9, 5-10-1990; Ord. No. 696 §I, 9-24-2009; Ord. No. 697 §I, 9-24-2009; Ord. No. 759 §I, 6-28-2012]
A. 
For the purposes of this Title, the word interpretations and definitions contained in this Section shall be observed and applied, except when the context clearly indicates otherwise.
1. 
Word interpretation.
a. 
Words used in the present tense include the future; words in the singular number include the plural; and words in the plural number include the singular.
b. 
The word "shall" or "must" is mandatory, and the word "may" is permissive.
c. 
The term "used for" includes the meanings "designated for," "intended for," "occupied for" and "maintained for."
d. 
The word "lot" shall include the words "plot," "piece" and "parcel."
2. 
Definitions.
ABANDON
To discontinue a use for more than one hundred eighty (180) consecutive days, or six (6) months, whichever is less.
ABANDONMENT
An action to give up one's rights or interest in property.
ACCESSORY BUILDING OR STRUCTURE
A detached subordinate building or structure, the use of which is customarily incidental to the principal use, located on the same lot with the principal building or use. A building housing an accessory use is considered an integral part of the principal building when it has any part of a wall in common with the principal building or is under an extension of the principal roof and designed as an integral part of the principal building.
ACCESSORY USE
A use incidental and subordinate to the principal use of the premises.
AGRICULTURAL OR FARMING
Planting, cultivating, harvesting and storing grains, hay, plants or trees commonly grown in Warren County; raising and feeding livestock or poultry, except feeding, fattening or finishing livestock or poultry for hire or as a business venture separate and distinct from crop raising which shall be classed as commercial agriculture. A minimum of five (5) acres of land shall constitute agriculture or farming for the purposes of these regulations.
AGRICULTURAL AND FARM BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES
Any building or structure necessary or incidental to the normal conduct of a farm, including but not limited to, the operator residence; residence of hired personnel; barns, buildings and sheds for housing livestock, poultry and farm machinery; buildings for the storage or shelter of grain, hay and other crops; silos, mills and water storage tanks.
AIRPORTS
All areas used for land aircraft.
ALLEY
A public secondary means of access to abutting property, not intended for general traffic circulation and less than thirty (30) feet wide.
ALTERATIONS, BUILDING OR STRUCTURAL
Any addition, removal, extension or change in the location of any exterior wall, structural part or exit facilities of a principal or accessory building or structure; any change in use from one (1) zoning classification to another; or any moving of a building from one (1) site to another.
ANIMAL BOARDING KENNELS
Any structure or lot where three (3) or more dogs and/or cats older than four (4) months of age and/or other animals for other than agricultural purposes are boarded, bred and/or offered for sale, not including stables.
ANIMAL CLINICS AND HOSPITALS
An establishment where animals are admitted principally for examination and treatment by a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, with boarding facilities limited to that necessary for the treatment of the sick animal and not including open kennels or runs.
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
The non-profit maintenance of one (1) horse per acre, four (4) cattle per acre, two (2) goats per acre, twenty-four (24) poultry and/or cats, dogs, rabbits, chinchillas, guinea pigs or pigeons in excess of the amount permitted as household pets, with the slaughter of such animals as poultry, rabbits or beef cattle permitted only for consumption by the resident family, with animals other than household pets not kept within a dwelling or within twenty (20) feet of a dwelling on the same lot or within sixty (60) feet of any property line, and with housing and caging of animals adequate and sanitary and subject to all state health requirements for health and sanitation and with all animal food except hay and straw stored in rodent-proof containers.
APARTMENT
A room or suite of rooms within a building arranged, intended or designed as a place of residence for a single family or group of individuals living together as a single housekeeping unit.
APARTMENT HOTEL
An apartment house providing its tenants services ordinarily furnished by hotels, but not primarily available to the public, or a hotel primarily intended to provide dwelling facilities for non-transient persons.
APARTMENT HOUSE
(See: DWELLING, MULTIPLE-FAMILY)
APPEAL
A request for a review of the Zoning Enforcement Officer's interpretation of any provision of this Title or a request for a variance.
AREA
The amount of land surfaces in a lot, plot or parcel. (See Also: BUILDABLE AREA, LOT AREA)
AREA REQUIREMENTS
The yard, lot area, lot width, lot coverage and space requirements as set forth in a specific district.
AREA OF ZONING LOT
(See: LOT AREA)
ATTACHED BUILDING
A building attached to another building by a common wall (such wall being a solid wall with or without windows and doors) and a common roof with at least a horizontal dimension of six (6) feet.
AUDITORIUM
A room, hall or building made a part of a church, theater, school, recreation or other building assigned to the gathering of people as an audience, to hear lectures, plays and other presentations.
AUTOMOBILE (MOTOR VEHICLE)
A passenger car, van, pickup truck, bus, and/or recreational vehicle, usually four (4) wheeled, propelled by an engine, meant for traveling on streets or roads.
AUTOMOBILE AND TRAILER SALES AREA
(See: MOTOR VEHICLE AND TRAILER SALES AREA)
AUTOMOBILE PARKING AREA
(See: PARKING AREA)
AUTOMOBILE SERVICE STATION
(See: GASOLINE SERVICE STATION)
AUTOMOBILE WRECKING YARD
(See: MOTOR VEHICLE WRECKING YARD)
BASEMENT
A building portion having part but not more than one-half (½) its height above grade and used for storage, garages for building occupant's use, janitor's or watchman's quarters or other utilities common for the rest of the building and which is not, as defined herein, counted as a story unless subdivided and used for dwelling purposes other than by a janitor or watchman employed on the premises.
BENCHMARK
A permanent point of reference from which various measurements may be made.
BILLBOARD
(See: SIGN, BILLBOARD)
BLIGHT
Deterioration, deficiencies or inadequacies in buildings, facilities and/or their environment diminishing their value, appearance and/or usability.
BLOCK
A tract of land bounded by public highways, streets or rights-of-way, other than alleys, or, in cases where the platting is incomplete or disconnected, as determined by the Zoning Enforcement Officer.
BOARD OF ADJUSTMENT
The City's official Board of Adjustment.
BOARDING, LODGING OR ROOMING HOUSE
A building, other than a hotel or restaurant, operated as a single housekeeping unit, where lodging and/or meals are provided for compensation to three (3) or more persons, but not more than twenty (20), who are not members of the keeper's family, but not open on a daily, overnight or per meal basis to transient guests.
BUILDABLE AREA
The space remaining on a zoned lot after the minimum open space requirements of this Title have been met.
BUILDING
An enclosed structure, anchored to a permanent foundation, and having exterior walls and a roof, designed for the shelter of persons, animals or property. When divided by other common or continuous walls, each portion or section of such building shall be regarded as a separate building, except two (2) such enclosed structures connected by a breezeway shall be deemed as one (1) building.
BUILDING, ACCESSORY
(See: ACCESSORY BUILDING OR STRUCTURE, ATTACHED BUILDING)
BUILDING, ENCLOSED
A building separated on all sides from adjacent open space or other buildings by fixed exterior walls or party walls, with openings only for windows and doors and covered by a permanent roof.
BUILDING HEIGHT
(See: HEIGHT, BUILDING)
BUILDING LINE
A building limit fixed by setback requirements at a specific distance from the front, rear and side boundaries of a lot, beyond which a structure cannot lawfully extend.
BUILDING, PRINCIPAL
A building housing the principal, as distinguished from accessory or secondary, use or uses on a lot.
BUILDING, TEMPORARY
(See: TEMPORARY BUILDING OR USE)
CABIN
A structure used for residential occupancy in a recreational district.
CAMPGROUND (CAMPSITE)
An area of land whereupon camping trailers, campers and similar vacation vehicles are housed on a temporary basis and used exclusively by such camping vehicles.
CAMPING EQUIPMENT
(See: RECREATIONAL VEHICLE)
CARE HOME
A licensed rest home, nursing home, convalescent home, boarding home for the aged or similar use established to render domiciliary care for chronic or convalescent patients, but not including hospitals, clinics or facilities for the care of feeble-minded or mental patients, epileptics, alcoholics, senile psychotics, drug addicts, sick or injured.
CELLAR
(See: BASEMENT)
CHILD CARE FACILITY
An establishment used for the purpose of a day care center, day nursery, nursery school, day school, kindergarten (not connected with a school as defined herein) or similar use which constitutes the normal care of physically and mentally sound children. Child care facilities shall meet all requirements and specifications of the Division of Health and other State or local agencies having jurisdiction over child care facilities.
CITY PLAN
The City's sketch plan or comprehensive plan, whether in whole or in part, as adopted by the Planning Commission, approved by the Board of Aldermen and duly recorded in the Warren County, Missouri, Recorder's Office. Such plan may consist of several maps, data and other descriptive matter, for the physical development of the City or any portion thereof, including any amendment, extension or additions thereto adopted by the Board of Aldermen, indicating the general locations for major streets, parks, schools or other public open spaces, public building sites, routes for public utilities, zoning districts or other similar information.
CLINIC, ANIMAL
(See: ANIMAL CLINICS AND HOSPITALS)
CLINIC, HEALTH
An establishment for the care, diagnosis and treatment of sick, ailing, infirm and injured persons, by a group of licensed health practitioners, but not providing board, room or overnight accommodations on the premises, not including animal hospitals or clinics.
CLUB
A non-profit association of persons who are bona fide members organized for some common purposes and paying regular dues; not including a group organized solely or primarily to render a service customarily a commercial enterprise; or a private, public or semi-public building or premises and appurtenant recreational facilities used by persons for recreational and eating purposes but not dwelling purposes for other than managerial or transient lodging.
CONDEMNATION
The taking of private property by a government unit for public use when the owner will not relinquish it through sale or other means, with compensation of fair market value paid to owner.
CONDITIONAL USE
A land use or development requiring analysis and judgment of its consequences regarding its location and relationship to other land uses.
CONDOMINIUM
The legal arrangement for individual ownership of each dwelling unit in an apartment building or residential development while common areas are owned, controlled and maintained through an organization consisting of all the individual owners.
CONSTRUCTION, EXISTING
Structures for which the "start of construction" commenced before January 3, 1985, (the effective date of the Wright City Flood Insurance Rate Map); also refers to "existing structures."
CONSTRUCTION, NEW
Structures for which the "start of construction" or substantial improvement commenced on or after January 3, 1985.
CONSTRUCTION, START OF
The first placement of permanent construction of a structure on a site, such as pouring slabs or footings or any work beyond the excavation stage. Permanent construction does not include land preparation, such as clearing, grading and filling; nor does it include installing streets or walkways; nor does it include excavation for a basement, footings, piers or foundations or the erection of temporary forms; nor does it include installing accessory buildings on the property. For a structure without a basement or poured footings, the "start of construction" includes the first permanent framing or assembly of the structure or any part thereof on its piling or foundation. For separate mobile homes, the "start of construction" means affixing the mobile home to its permanent site; for grouped mobile homes, the "start of construction" means the completion date for the construction of facilities for servicing the site, including street installation, final site grading, pouring concrete pads, and installation of utilities.
CONSTRUCTION TRAILER
(See: TRAILER, CONSTRUCTION)
CORNER LOT
(See: LOT, CORNER)
COURT
An open, unoccupied space, other than a yard, bounded on three (3) or more sides by exterior walls of a building, or by exterior walls of a building and lot lines on which walls are allowable.
COVERAGE
(See: LOT COVERAGE)
CUL-DE-SAC
A short street having one (1) end open to traffic and being terminated at the other end by a vehicular turnaround.
CURB LEVEL
The mean level of the curb in front of the lot or, in case of a corner lot, along that abutting street where the mean curb level is highest.
DENSITY
Land occupancy area requirements/limitations. (See also: AREA REQUIREMENTS)
DEVELOPMENT
Any man-made change to improved or unimproved real estate, including but not limited to, buildings or other structures or mining, dredging, filling, grading, paving, excavating or drilling operations.
DISTRICT
A section or sections of the City specifically declared within which the regulations governing the user of buildings and premises are uniform.
DRIVE-IN RESTAURANT
A type of retail sales providing patrons, in parked motor vehicles at specified spaces, outdoor service of food and/or beverage prepared for immediate human consumption.
DUMP
A lot, land or part thereof used primarily for disposal by abandonment, dumping, burial, burning or any other means, and for whatever purpose, of garbage sewage, trash, refuse, junk, discarded machinery, vehicles or parts thereof, or waste material of any kind.
DUPLEX
(See: DWELLING, TWO-FAMILY)
DWELLING
A stationary building or portion thereof, designed exclusively for permanent residential occupancy, including residential buildings, boarding and lodging houses, apartment houses, apartment hotels or mobile homes, with special provisions being required for mobile homes such as being placed on a permanent foundation and having wheels and tongue removed, but not motels or hotels.
DWELLING, GROUP
Two (2) or more detached or attached single-family, two-family or multiple-family dwellings occupying a single building site and having yards or open space in common, but not including a motel, hotel or motor hotel.
DWELLING, MULTIPLE-FAMILY
A building or portion thereof, including apartment houses, row houses, tenements and apartment hotels arranged, intended or designed for occupancy by three (3) or more families or groups each living as an independent housekeeping unit, such dwelling units normally being rented or used other than by the day, by the same occupant for a continuous period ordinarily of three (3) months or more.
DWELLING, NON-
(See: STRUCTURE, NON-DWELLING)
DWELLING, ONE-FAMILY OR SINGLE-FAMILY
A detached principal building containing one (1) dwelling unit designed for or used exclusively by one (1) family as an independent housekeeping unit.
DWELLING, SENIOR
A building, at least three (3) stories in height, or not less than twenty (20) units, arranged, intended or designed for occupancy by individuals older than age fifty-five (55) years.
DWELLING, THREE-FAMILY
A detached principal building designed for or used as a dwelling exclusively by three (3) families or groups each living as an independent housekeeping unit.
DWELLING, TWO-FAMILY
A detached principal building designed for or used as a dwelling exclusively by two (2) families or groups each living as an independent housekeeping unit or a building, such as a duplex, containing two (2) dwelling units only.
DWELLING UNIT
A structure or portion thereof with complete housekeeping facilities for one (1) family or group operating as a single housekeeping unit.
EASEMENT
A grant by the owner, for a specific purpose or purposes, of the use of a strip of land by the general public, utility companies or private individuals.
ESSENTIAL UTILITY/GOVERNMENT OR PUBLIC
Erecting, constructing, altering or maintaining by public utilities or municipal departments, underground or overhead gas, electrical, steam, water transmission or distribution systems, collection, communication, supply or disposal systems, including poles, wire, mains, drains, sewers, pipes, conduits, cables, fire alarm and police call boxes, traffic signals, hydrants and other similar equipment and accessories in connection therewith, reasonably necessary to furnish adequate service or for the public health, safety or general welfare, but not including buildings.
EXCEPTIONAL USE
The official granting by the Zoning Board of a permit to allow a use within a district, such use and the conditions by which it may be permitted being clearly and specifically stated within the "Exceptional Use" Section in these regulations.
EXISTING
In force or being as of May 10, 1990.
FAMILY
One (1) or more persons related by blood, adoption or marriage, or by employment as domestic servants, living together and occupying a single housekeeping unit with single kitchen facilities, or a group of not more than five (5) (excluding servants) living together by joint agreement and occupying a single housekeeping unit with kitchen facilities, on a non-profit cost-sharing basis.
FILL, EARTH
The height to which uncontaminated soil is placed; also the resulting earthwork.
FILLING STATION
(See: GASOLINE SERVICE STATION)
FLOOD OR FLOODING
A general and temporary condition of partial or complete inundation of normally dry land areas from the overflow of inland or tidal waters or the unusual and rapid accumulation or runoff of surface water from any source.
FLOOD, BASE
The flood having a one percent (1%) chance of being equalled or exceeded in any given year.
FLOOD HAZARD, AREA OF SPECIAL
The land within Wright City's flood plain subject to a one percent (1%) or greater chance of flooding in any given year.
FLOOD INSURANCE RATE, ACTUARIAL OR
The rates established pursuant to community studies and investigations undertaken to provide flood insurance in accordance with Section 1307 of the National Flood Disaster Protection Act and the accepted actuarial principles, said rates to include provisions for operating costs and allowances.
FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP (FIRM)
The official map of Wright City on which the flood insurance study has delineated the Flood Hazard Boundaries and zones establishing insurance rates applicable to Wright City by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
FLOOD INSURANCE STUDY
The official report provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency for the National Flood Insurance Program and containing flood profiles as well as the flood boundary floodway map and the water surface elevation of the base flood.
FLOOD PLAIN OR FLOOD-PRONE AREA
A land area adjoining a river, stream, water-course or lake which is likely to be flooded by a "one hundred (100)" year flood. A "one hundred (100) year flood" shall mean the highest level of flooding that, on the average, is likely to occur every one hundred (100) years as defined by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
FLOODING, AREA OF SHALLOW
A designated "AO" or "AH" Zone on a FIRM with a one percent (1%) or greater annual chance of flooding to an average depth of one (1) to three (3) feet where a clearly-defined channel is unpredictable and where velocity flow may be evident; such flooding being characterized by ponding or sheet flow.
FLOODWAY
The portion of a flood-prone area defined as the channel of a river or other watercourse and the adjacent land areas that must be reserved in order to discharge the base flood without cumulatively increasing the water surface elevation more than one (1) foot.
FLOODWAY FRINGE AREA
That portion of the flood-prone area outside the floodway and on the average is likely to be flooded once every one hundred (100) years; i.e., the area having a one percent (1%) chance of flood occurrence in any one (1) year.
FLOOR AREA
The area included within outside walls of a building or portion thereof, including habitable penthouses and attic space, but not including vent shafts, courts or uninhabitable areas below ground level or in attics.
FLOOR AREA, GROSS
The total number of square feet of floor area in a building determined by horizontal measurements between the exterior faces of walls including basement area used for storage of goods, equipment and vehicles, also including interior balconies, mezzanines and accessory buildings.
FLOOR AREA RATIO
The ratio in square feet of total floor area of all buildings on a lot to total lot area.
FOOD TRUCK
An automobile or trailer designed and used for cooking, preparation, assembling, and/or serving of a full or limited menu of single service food items from the automobile or trailer for use by consumers.
[Ord. No. 812 §I, 12-12-2013]
FRATERNITY HOUSE
A building used by an association of students, limited to membership and usually having culinary and sleeping facilities.
FREEBOARD
A factor of safety usually expressed in feet above a flood level for purposes of flood plain management and tending to compensate for the many unknown factors that could contribute to flood heights greater than the height calculated for a selected size flood and floodway conditions, such as wave action, clogged bridge openings and the hydrological effect of a watershed's urbanization.
FRONTAGE
All the property on the side of a street between two (2) intersecting streets (crossing or terminating), measured along the line of the street or, if the street is dead ended, all the property abutting one (1) side between an intersecting street and the dead end of the street.
GARAGE, COMMUNITY
A building or portion thereof, other than a private, public or storage garage providing storage for motor vehicles with facilities for washing but no other services, such garage to be in lieu of private garages within a block or portion of block.
GARAGE, PRIVATE
If detached, an accessory building for storing motor vehicles; if attached, a building or portion thereof for storing one (1) or more motor vehicles for persons occupying the premises. Only one (1) such vehicle may be commercial, not more than two (2) tons capacity.
GARAGE, PUBLIC
A building or portion thereof designed or used for the storage, sale, hiring, care or incidental repair of motor vehicles and operated for commercial purposes, except no salvage of automobiles, trucks, tractors or similar automotive equipment for parts or other uses is permitted under this definition.
GARAGE, STORAGE
A building or portion thereof designed or used exclusively for prearranged term storage of motor vehicles, not daily, and within which motor fuels and oils may be sold, but no motor driven vehicles are equipped, repaired, hired or sold.
GARBAGE
Putrescible animal or vegetable wastes resulting from food handling, preparation, cooking, servicing or consumption.
GARDEN TRAILER
Any structure built on a chassis, not for licensing by the State as a trailer and designed for general, light-weight purposes. Bed size not to exceed four (4) feet by four (4) feet.
GASOLINE SERVICE STATION
A building, premises or portion thereof having pumps and storage tanks and used for the retail sale of gasoline, oil or other fuel, automotive parts, supplies or accessories for motor vehicles and which may include, as an incidental use only, facilities for polishing, greasing, washing or otherwise cleaning or light servicing motor vehicles, but not including liquefied petroleum gas distribution, junk and/or motor vehicle wrecking facilities.
GRADE
a. 
For buildings having walls adjoining one (1) street only, the sidewalk elevation at the center of the wall adjoining the street.
b. 
For buildings having walls adjoining more than one (1) street, the average sidewalk elevation at the centers of all walls adjoining the streets.
c. 
For buildings having no wall adjoining the street, the average level of the finished ground surface adjacent to the building's exterior walls.
d. 
Any wall approximately parallel to and not more than five (5) feet from a street line shall be considered adjoining the street. Where no sidewalk exists, the grade shall be established by the City Engineer.
HEALTH CLINIC
(See: CLINIC, HEALTH)
HEIGHT
The distance above the average finished ground elevation at the perimeter of the structure being measured.
HEIGHT, BUILDING
The vertical distance measured from the highest point of a flat roof's coping, a mansard roof's deck line or a gable, hip or gambrel roof's mean height level between eaves and ridge, to the highest of the following three (3) levels: from the street curb level; from the established or mean street grade in case the curb has not been constructed; or from the average finished ground level adjoining the building if it sets back from the street line.
HEIGHT, YARD OR COURT
The vertical distance from the lowest level of such yard or court to the highest point of any boundary wall.
HOME OCCUPATION
A conditional use involving any occupation or activity conducted entirely within and as an incidental or secondary use to a dwelling unit for gain or support by a member of the resident family, involving the sale of only those articles, products or services produced on the premises, neither changing the character thereof nor adversely affecting the uses permitted nor violating the requirements of the underlying district, with no materials or supplies displayed or stored outdoors on said premises, no persons employed and no mechanical equipment used that violates the performance standards of this Chapter, to include boarding of not more than two (2) non-transient guests, but not to include an auto repair or metal shop, a beauty or barber shop, clinic, child care facility, doctor's or dentist's office, real estate office or cabinet, tea room, restaurant or tourist home.
HOSPITAL
Any institution receiving in-patients, or a public institution receiving out-patients and authorized under Missouri Law to render medical, surgical and/or obstetrical care, including a sanitarium for the treatment and care of feeble-minded and mental patients, epileptics, alcoholics, senile psychotics or drug addicts, but not including office facilities for the private practice of medicine or dentistry or care homes as defined herein.
HOTEL
A building containing individual guest rooms or suites of rooms, providing lodging with or without meals to the transient public for compensation, with ingress to and egress from all rooms through an inside lobby or office supervised by a person in charge at all hours, as distinguished from a boarding or lodging house or apartment herein separately defined.
HOTEL APARTMENT
(See: APARTMENT HOTEL)
HOUSE
(See: DWELLING)
INSTITUTION
A building occupied by a non-profit corporation or a non-profit establishment for public use.
INTERIOR SIDE LOT LINE
(See: LOT LINES, SIDE)
JUNK YARD
Use of land for indoor and/or outdoor storage, keeping, abandonment, sale or resale of junk including scrap metal, automobile parts, rags, paper or other scrap materials, used lumber, salvaged house wrecking and structural steel materials and equipment, or for the dismantling, demolition or abandonment of automobiles, other vehicles, machinery or parts thereof.
KENNEL
(See: ANIMAL BOARDING KENNELS)
LAND SUBDIVISION PLAN
A comprehensive plan indicating the general locations for the various functional elements to develop land by subdividing. (See also: SUBDIVISION PLAT, FINAL; SUBDIVISION PLAT, PRELIMINARY)
LAND USE PLAN
The long-range plan designating the future use or reuse of land in the City's planning area, setting forth the policies and reasoning behind such decisions, serving as a guide regarding distribution and intensity of development, public facilities and open spaces, officially adopted and amended from time to time by the Board of Aldermen and kept on file in the City Clerk's Office.
LAUNDROMAT
A business providing home-type washing, drying and ironing machines for hire to be used by the customers on the premises.
LAUNDRY, COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL
A business providing washing, drying and ironing services operated by the employees on the premises.
LEAST RESTRICTIVE, MOST RESTRICTIVE
The opposing regulatory limits within a zoning district or between districts.
LINE
(See: BUILDING LINE AND LOT LINES)
LIVESTOCK
Shall be defined as hooved animals.
LIVESTOCK MARKET FACILITY
A space and/or building facilitating the selling and buying of animals, the selling of goods and related activities as required by law.
LOADING SPACE
An off-street space or berth having a minimum dimension of ten (10) by thirty (30) feet for single-unit truck deliveries and ten (10) by sixty (60) feet for semi-trailer deliveries, on the same lot with a building or contiguous to a group of buildings, for temporarily parking a commercial vehicle while loading or unloading merchandise or materials and which abuts a street, alley or other appropriate means of access.
LODGING HOUSE
(See: BOARDING, LODGING OR ROOMING HOUSE)
LOT
A portion of land (whether of a platted subdivision or otherwise) defined by metes, bounds or boundary lines in a recorded deed or on a recorded plat, occupied or intended to be occupied by a building or use and its accessories, together with such yards as are required under the provisions of this Title, having not less than the minimum area, width and depth required by this Title for a lot in the district in which such land is situated, and having its principal frontage on a street or on such other means of access as permitted in accordance with the provisions of this Title. The minimum area of a lot as defined herein must be an integral unit of land under unified ownership in fee or in continancy, or under legal control tantamount to such ownership, which ownership or control must continue for the existence of the building or buildings permitted to be situated on the lot.
LOT AREA
The total square footage or acreage within the property lines of a lot, excluding public streets and alleys, subject to the district requirements herein.
LOT, CORNER
A lot abutting two (2) or more streets at their intersection or two (2) parts of the same street, such streets or parts of the same street forming an interior angle of less than one hundred thirty-five (135°) degrees, the point of intersection of the street lines being the "corner".
LOT COVERAGE
The area of a zoned lot occupied by the principal building or buildings and accessory buildings.
LOT DEPTH
The mean horizontal distance between the front and the rear lot lines measured in the general direction of the side lot lines.
LOT, DOUBLE FRONTAGE
A lot having a frontage on two (2) non-intersecting streets as distinguished from a corner lot.
LOT IN SEPARATE OWNERSHIP
A lot with boundary lines touching, along their entire length, lands under other ownership as shown by plat or deed recorded in the office of the Recorder of Warren County on or before May 10, 1990.
LOT, INTERIOR
A lot whose boundary lines do not abut upon any street.
LOT LINES
The lines bounding a lot as defined herein.
LOT LINES, FRONT
The boundary between a lot and the street it fronts.
LOT LINES, REAR
The boundary line opposite and most distant from the front street line, except in the case of uncertainty the Zoning Enforcement Officer shall determine the rear line on irregular lots.
LOT LINES, SIDE
Any lot line other than front or rear lot line. A side lot line separating a lot from a street side lot line. A side lot line separating a lot from another lot or lots is called an "interior side lot line".
LOT, MOBILE HOME
(See: MOBILE HOME LOT)
LOT, NON-CONFORMING
A single lot, tract or parcel of land shown on a recorded or unrecorded map, plat, drawing or survey in existence on failing to meet the requirements for area, width or depth for any use permitted within the district in which it is located.
LOT OF RECORD
A lot which is part of a subdivision recorded in the office of the County Recorder, or a lot, plot or parcel described by metes and bounds, the description of which had been so recorded on or before May 10, 1990.
LOT, PARKING
(See: PARKING AREA)
LOT, THROUGH
A lot having frontage on two (2) parallel or approximately parallel streets.
LOT, WIDTH
The mean horizontal width of the lot measured at right angles to its depth.
MOBILE HOME
A single-family dwelling unit having the following characteristics:
a. 
Designed for long-term occupancy containing sleeping accommodations, flush toilet, tub or shower bath and kitchen facilities, with plumbing and electrical connections provided for attachment to outside systems.
b. 
Designed to be transported after fabrication on its own wheels, flat bed, other trailers or detachable wheels.
c. 
Arrives at site where it is to be occupied as a dwelling unit, available complete with major appliances and furniture and ready for occupancy except for minor and incidental unpacking and assembly operations, location on foundation supports and connection to utilities.
MOBILE HOME COMMUNITY/PARK
Any parcel of land consisting of three (3) or more acres upon which two (2) or more mobile homes, occupied for dwelling or sleeping purposes, are located, whether or not a charge is made for such accommodations.
MOBILE HOME, DEPENDENT
A mobile home, or travel trailer, which does not have a flush toilet or a bathtub or shower.
MOBILE HOME, INDEPENDENT
A mobile home, or travel trailer, having a flush toilet and a bathtub or shower.
MOBILE HOME LOT
Any area, tract, site or plot of ground within a mobile home community or mobile home park designed to accommodate one (1) mobile home as herein defined and the accessory uses thereto.
MOBILE HOME PARK
(See: MOBILE HOME COMMUNITY/PARK)
MOBILE HOME SPACE
(See: MOBILE HOME LOT)
MODULAR HOUSING
A dwelling unit made of one (1) or (usually) more modules built in a factory and erected on a foundation wall the same size as the structure. A modular is often a two-story townhouse or a garden apartment. It meets building codes and is considered real property.
MOST RESTRICTIVE
(See: LEAST RESTRICTIVE, MOST RESTRICTIVE)
MOTEL/MOTOR HOTEL/MOTOR COURT
One (1) or more buildings containing attached, semi-attached or detached sleeping or living units to accommodate transient guests for compensation and not customarily including individual cooking or kitchen facilities, said units having convenient access to off-street parking spaces for the exclusive use of the guests or occupants; not to include tourists homes.
MOTOR HOME
(See: RECREATIONAL VEHICLE)
MOTOR VEHICLE GASOLINE SERVICE STATIONS
(See: GASOLINE SERVICE STATION)
MOTOR VEHICLE PARKING AREA
(See: PARKING AREA)
MOTOR VEHICLE REPAIR SHOP
A building or a portion of a building arranged, intended or designed to be used for making repairs to motor vehicles.
MOTOR VEHICLE AND TRAILER SALES AREA
An open off-street area used for the display and sale of new or used automobiles, pick-up trucks, vans, vacation vehicles and trailers, where no repair work is done except of a minor and incidental nature to only those vehicles and trailers being sold.
MOTOR VEHICLE WRECKING YARD
Any place where two (2) or more farm or motor vehicles or farm machinery, not in running condition, or part thereof, are stored in the open and not being restored to operation, or any land, building or structure used for wrecking and storing such motor vehicles or parts thereof, including the commercial salvaging of any other goods, articles or merchandise.
NEIGHBORHOOD
The smallest sub-area in City planning, being a residential area with common public facilities and social institutions within walking distance.
NOISOME AND INJURIOUS SUBSTANCES, CONDITIONS AND OPERATIONS
Any public nuisance of an offensive or invasive nature resulting from a use within the jurisdiction of this Title, including but not limited to, the following:
a. 
Creation of unreasonable physical hazard, by fire, explosion, radiation or other cause, to persons or property.
b. 
Discharge of any liquid or solid waste into any stream of body of water or into any public or private disposal system or into the ground, so as to contaminate any water supply, including underground water supply.
c. 
Maintenance or storage of any material either indoors or outdoors so as to cause or to facilitate the breeding of vermin.
d. 
Emission of smoke, measured at the point of emission, which constitutes an unreasonable hazard to the health, safety or welfare of any persons.
e. 
Fly ash or dust which can cause damage to the health of persons, animal or plant life or to other forms of property, or excessive soil, measured at or beyond the property line of the premises on which the aforesaid fly ash or dust is created or caused.
f. 
Creation or causation of any unreasonably offensive odors discernible at or beyond any property line of the premises on which the aforesaid odor is created or caused.
g. 
Creation or maintenance of any unreasonably distracting or objectionable vibration and/or electrical disturbances discernible at or beyond any property line of the premises on which the aforesaid vibration or electrical disturbance is created or maintained.
NON-CONFORMANCE
A condition existing on May 10, 1990, whereby a structure, land or use does not conform to the regulations of the district in which it is situated, including but not limited to failure to conform to height, area, coverage or off-street parking requirements.
NON-CONFORMING BUILDING
A building, structure or portion thereof conflicting with the provisions of this Title applicable to the district in which it is situated.
NON-CONFORMING LOT
(See: LOT, NON-CONFORMING)
NON-CONFORMING USE
A use legally existing on the effective date of this ordinance (May 10, 1990), or any amendment thereto, which does not meet the use requirements of the district where located.
NURSING OR CONVALESCENT HOME
(See: CARE HOME)
OFFICE, PROFESSIONAL SERVICES
An office (other than a service office or office for care and/or treatment of, or medical attention to, animals as distinguished from persons) for the practice of professions, such as the offices of physicians, dentists, attorneys-at-law, architects, engineers, artists, musicians, teachers, accountants and others who through training are qualified to perform services of a professional nature, or the offices of a governmental agency, with no storage, sale or display of merchandise on the premises.
OFFICE, SERVICE
An office where services are offered by real estate agents, insurance agents, public stenographers, brokers or others who through training are duly-qualified to perform services of an executive nature (as distinguished from a professional office), with no storage, sale or display of merchandise on the premises.
OPEN SPACE, PUBLIC
Land dedicated or reserved for acquisition for general use by the public, including parks, forest and wildlife preserves, recreation areas, school sites, community or public building sites, waterways, streets and other lands.
OPEN UNOCCUPIED SPACE
That area of private property upon which these regulations prohibit the location of any building or structure.
OVERLAY DISTRICT
A district where additional requirements act in conjunction with the underlying or abutting zoning district(s), and the original zoning district designation does not change.
PARCEL
All continuous lands including lots and parts of lots held in one (1) ownership.
PARKING AREA
An open, otherwise unoccupied, hard-surfaced space used or required for use for temporarily parking motor vehicles exclusively and where no gasoline or vehicular accessories are sold, no other business is conducted and no fees are charged.
PARKING AREA, PRIVATE
An open, hard-surfaced space, other than a street or public way, designed, arranged and made available to the occupants of the building or buildings for which the parking area is developed and is accessory for the storage of private passenger automobiles only.
PARKING AREA, PUBLIC
An open, hard-surfaced area, other than a street or other public way, used for parking automobiles or other motor vehicles and available to the public whether for a fee or as an accommodation to clients or customers.
PARKING LOT, COMMERCIAL
An open surfaced area used exclusively for temporarily storing motor vehicles and within which motor fuels and oils may be sold and fees charged, but no vehicles may be equipped, repaired, rented or sold.
PARKING SPACE
Space within a public or private parking area of not less than one hundred seventy one (171) square feet nine (9) feet by nineteen (19) feet), exclusive of access drives, aisles, ramps, columns, or office and work areas, for the storage of passenger automobile or a commercial vehicle under one and one-half (1 1/2) tons capacity, and connected with a street or alley by a surfaced driveway which affords satisfactory ingress and egress for such vehicles.
[Ord. No. 872 §XVI, 2-11-2016]
PAVED
Surfaced with asphaltic or concrete pavement material of a thickness sufficient to withstand the highest-use loading.
PAWNSHOP
See Section 625.020 of this Code.
[Ord. No. 807 §I, 9-26-2013]
PERFORMANCE STANDARDS
Regulations specifically directed toward controlling noisome and injurious substances, conditions and operations.
PERSON
Any natural individual, firm, trust, partnership, association or corporation.
PLACE
An open, unoccupied space or public or private thoroughfare, other than a street or alley permanently reserved as the principal means of access to abutting property.
PLAN
(See: PLAT)
PLAN, LAND
(See: LAND SUBDIVISION PLAN AND LAND USE PLAN)
PLANNED DEVELOPMENT
A residential, commercial or industrial development on a parcel of land in single ownership and consisting of two (2) or more buildings having any yard, court, parking or loading space in common.
PLANNED DISTRICT
A land area, at least five (5) acres in size, having, by design, individual building sites and common property for open space and is organized to operate as a unit, without necessary participation of other units and building sites, the ownership of common property and building sites being either public or private, common or individual, according to a submitted plan.
PLANNING COMMISSION
The City's official Planning and Zoning entity.
PLAT
A map, plan or layout of a City, township, section or subdivision indicating the location and boundaries of individual properties and other such details as may be required for review.
POLLUTION
(See: NOISOME AND INJURIOUS SUBSTANCES, CONDITIONS AND OPERATIONS)
PREMISES
A parcel together with all buildings and structures thereon.
PRINCIPAL USE
The main purpose for which a lot or the principal building thereon is designed, arranged or intended and for which it is or may be used, occupied or maintained in accordance with the provisions of these regulations.
PROFESSIONAL
A member of a recognized profession including accountants, architects, dentists, doctors, engineers and lawyers.
PROPERTY
That which can be owned, either by an individual or by a group in common.
PROPERTY LINE
(See: LOT LINES)
PUBLIC OPEN SPACE
Any publicly-owned open area, including, but not limited to parks, playgrounds, forest preserves, beaches, waterways, parkways and streets.
PUBLIC SEWAGE SYSTEM
(See: UTILITIES, LOCAL PUBLIC SERVICE)
PUBLIC USE
Buildings, structures and uses of land owned, operated and maintained by a government unit or government agency, including but not restricted to public schools, fire stations, recreation sites and facilities and water treatment facilities.
PUBLIC UTILITY
(See: UTILITIES, LOCAL PUBLIC SERVICE)
PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY
(See: UTILITIES, LOCAL PUBLIC SERVICE)
RECREATIONAL VEHICLE
Any of the following vehicles which are licensed for travel on the highway: travel trailer (a vehicular, portable structure built on a chassis designed to be used as a temporary dwelling for travel, recreation or vacation or one permanently identified as a travel trailer by the manufacturer of the trailer), pickup coach (a structure designed to be mounted on a truck chassis for use as a temporary dwelling for travel, recreation and vacation), motor home (a portable, temporary dwelling to be used for travel, recreation and vacation constructed as an integral part of a self-propelled vehicle) and camping trailer (a canvas material on metal folding structure mounted on wheels and designed for travel, recreation and vacation use).
REPAIR FACILITY
A building used for the repair and/or restoration of equipment and/or machinery.
[Ord. No. 872 §I, 2-11-2016]
RESIDENCE
(See: DWELLING)[1]
REST HOME
(See: CARE HOME)
RESTAURANT
A building or portion thereof used or designed for on-premise food and beverage service for compensation, not including drive-in restaurants.
RESTAURANT, DRIVE-IN
(See: DRIVE-IN RESTAURANT)
RIGHT OF WAY
The area of a vehicular way or other strip of land reserved for public use whether established by prescription, easement, dedication, gift, purchase, eminent domain or other legal means. (See also: STREET)
ROAD
Any street, highway, avenue, marginal access street, bridge, viaduct or segment thereof. (See also: STREET)
ROADWAY SURFACE WIDTH
(See: STREET SURFACE WIDTH)
ROOM
An unsubdivided portion of a dwelling unit interior, excluding bathrooms, kitchens, closets, hallways and service porches.
ROOMING HOUSE
(See: BOARDING, LODGING OR ROOMING HOUSE)
SANITARY LANDFILL
A type of operation, conforming to City permit and State licensing requirements, in which refuse and earth or other suitable cover material is deposited in alternate layers of specified depth in accordance with a definite plan on a designated portion of open land, each layer being compacted with force applied by mechanical equipment.
SEARCHLIGHT, MARKETING/PROMOTIONAL
The use of laser source light or any similar high-intensity light for outdoor advertising or entertainment, including the operation of searchlights for advertising purposes.
[Ord. No. 810 §I, 10-24-2013]
SETBACK
The distance in linear feet measured on a horizontal plane from any lot line to a building or structure on the lot.
SETBACK LINE, BUILDING FRONT, REAR OR SIDE
(See: BUILDING LINE)
SEWAGE, DOMESTIC OR SANITARY
A combination of the waterborne human wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions and industrial establishments, together with such ground, surface and stormwaters as may be present.
SEWAGE/WASTE, INDUSTRIAL
The liquid wastes from individual manufacturing processes, trade or business, as distinct from sanitary sewage.
SEWAGE SYSTEM OR WORKS, SANITARY
A facility designed for collection, removal, purifying treatment and disposal of waterborne sewage generated within a given service area, with storm, surface and ground waters not intentionally admitted.
SHOPPING CENTER/MALL
A planned group of stores, the large primary stores flanking the smaller secondary stores and shops to create a balanced pedestrian flow, providing convenient customer parking, with accommodations made for, but not limited to, off-street loading, landscaping, stormwater runoff, lighting, signage, cleanliness, designated fire lanes, internal traffic circulation and access to off-site thoroughfares, conforming to all appropriate codes and ordinances.
[Ord. No. 852 §XVII, 4-23-2015]
SIGN
Any structure, part thereof, or device attached thereto, or painted or represented thereon, or any material or object illuminated or otherwise, displaying or including any numeral, letter, word, model, banner, emblem, insignia device, trademark or other representation used as, or in the nature of, an announcement, advertisement, direction or designation of any person, firm, group, organization, place, commodity, product, service, business, profession, enterprise or industry, located upon any land, building or window. The flag, emblem or other insignia of a nation, governmental unit, or educational, charitable or religious group shall not be included within the meaning of this definition.
SIGN, ADVERTISING
A sign directing attention to a business, commodity, service or entertainment.
SIGN AREA
The total surface area of the entire sign, including all parts and appurtenances thereof (except principal supports, the total cross-sectional area of which does not exceed one (1) square foot and on which there is no display of advertising material or any lighting). In the case of any sign having display surfaces which are not continuous (e.g., separated letter displays or separated display surfaces), sign area shall include a theoretical display surface equal to the area of the smallest enclosure into which the combined non-continuous display surfaces can be fitted, including intermediate structural supports.
SIGN, BILLBOARD
Any advertising display structure with its facing outline in excess of twenty (20) square feet not related to a permitted principal use of the premises.
SIGN, BULLETIN BOARD
A sign used to notify the public of an event or other occurrence of public interest, such as a church service, political rally, civic meeting or similar event.
SIGN, BUSINESS
A sign directing attention to a business, profession, display or entertainment conducted upon a lot or to a commodity or service stores, sold or displayed on a lot. Only one (1) side of any double facing business sign shall be considered in the total sign area permitted for any business building or lot, provided the same theoretical message appears on both faces of the sign and further provided the sign shall be perpendicular to the traveled way toward which the sign is oriented with variations of less than five (5) degrees permitted.
SIGN CLEARANCE
The vertical distance from the established finished grade of the ground or sidewalk to the lower edge of a sign.
SIGN COMBINATION
Any sign incorporating any combination of the features of the signs defined herein.
SIGN, CONSTRUCTION
A sign advertising the development or improvement of a property by a building contractor or other person furnishing services, materials or labor to said premises, intended for a limited period of display and erected on the same lot with the work being done.
SIGN, DIRECTIONAL
A sign containing only the name and location of and/or direction to a business, community, service or other activity and located other than on the premises where such business, service or other activity is conducted.
SIGN, FACE
Any sign attached to the face of a building or structure in such a manner as to be approximately parallel to the plane of such building or structure face and not extending farther than one (1) foot from such face.
SIGN, FREE-STANDING
A detached sign supported by one (1) or more uprights, poles or braces in or upon the ground and not attached to a building or other structure.
SIGN HEIGHT
The vertical distance measured from the highest point of the street curb level, the established or mean street grade in case the curb has not been constructed or the average finished ground level adjoining the sign if it sets back from the street line, to the level of the highest point of the sign.
SIGN, IDENTIFICATION
An on-premises sign serving only to tell the name or use of any public/semi-public building or recreation space, club, lodge, church or institution or only to tell the name and/or address of an apartment house or hotel or to identify a parking lot, not including a sign identifying a commercial or industrial use or a commodity or service offered on the premises.
SIGN, ILLUMINATED
Any signage display using electrical or other illumination devices including luminous tubing, either attached or detached.
SIGN, INCIDENTAL USE
A non-illuminated professional or announcement sign, not exceeding one-half (½) square foot in area and attached wholly to a building, including those pertaining only to the rent, lease or sale of property upon which displayed.
SIGN, MARQUEE
A display sign attached to or suspended from a marquee, canopy or other covered structure projecting from and supported by the building and extending beyond the building wall or building line.
SIGN, NAME PLATE
A sign servicing solely to designate the name of person or persons residing in a dwelling.
SIGN, POLE
A sign supported wholly by a pole or poles; the surface of which is not a part of a building.
SIGN, PRINCIPAL USE
A sign on the same premises with a principal use, announcing only the name of such principal use and/or the principal product sold or the principal service rendered by such principal use.
SIGN, PROJECTING
All signs, other than face signs, suspended or supported by any building or wall and extending outward therefrom.
SIGN, REAL ESTATE
A temporary sign indicating the availability for sale, rent or lease of the specific lot and/or building upon which the sign is erected or displayed.
SIGN, ROOF
A sign erected upon or above a roof or parapet wall of a building or structure but not projecting over public property.
SIGN, SEPARATE USE
Any sign, including a standard poster panel sign or fabricated sign (billboard) directing attention to a business commodity, service, entertainment or other activity, conducted, sold or offered elsewhere than on the premises where said sign is located.
SIGN, SUBDIVISION
A temporary sign advertising the general development, sale and/or subdivision of land and displayed or erected upon the subject property, as distinguished from a real estate sign, and to be replaced at a specified time by a permanent sign identifying said development or subdivision.
SIGN, TEMPORARY
Any sign intended to be displayed for a short period, which period shall not be greater than three (3) months.
SIGN, WALL
Any sign painted on, attached to or erected against the wall of a building or structure, with the exposed sign face parallel to the plane of said wall and extending not more than twelve (12) inches from the face of the wall.
SITE PLAN
A plan showing uses and structures proposed for a selected parcel, including lot lines, streets, building sites, reserved open spaces, buildings, major landscape features — both natural and manmade — and proposed utilities locations.
SOLID WASTE
Garbage, refuse and other discarded material including, but not limited to, solid and liquid waste materials resulting from industrial, business, agricultural and residential activities.
SORORITY HOUSE
(See: FRATERNITY HOUSE)
SPACE
(See: PUBLIC OPEN SPACE AND PARKING SPACE)
STABLE, PRIVATE
An accessory building for keeping horses, ponies, mules or cows owned by occupants of the premises and not kept for renumeration, hire or sale.
STABLE, PUBLIC
A stable other than a private or riding stable as defined herein.
STABLE, RIDING
A structure where horses or ponies, used exclusively for pleasure riding or driving, are housed, boarded or kept for renumeration, hire or sale.
STORAGE BUILDINGS
A warehouse that is divided into multiple units.
[Ord. No. 872 §I, 2-11-2016]
STORY
That portion of a building included between the surface of any floor and the surface of the floor next above it, or if no floor is above it, then the space between any floor and the ceiling next above it.
STORY, HALF
A story under a gable, hip or gambrel roof, the wall plates of which on at least two (2) opposite exterior walls are not more than three (3) feet above the floor of such story, except any partial story used for residential purposes other than for a janitor or caretaker or his family, or by a family occupying the floor immediately below it, shall be deemed a full story.
STREET
The full width between the property lines bounding every way of whatever nature when any part thereof is open to use by the public as a matter of right, for the purpose of vehicular traffic and whether designated as a street, highway, freeway, expressway, thoroughfare, parkway, throughway, road, avenue, boulevard, lane, place, circle or however otherwise designated, except accessways commonly designated as alleys, and further described as follows:
a. 
Major streets and highways are those used primarily for fast or heavy through traffic.
b. 
Collector streets are those providing for traffic movement between major streets and highways and local streets including principal entrance streets or residential developments and streets for circulation within such developments.
c. 
Local and minor streets are those used primarily to provide direct access to individual lots and for local traffic movements.
STREET LINES
A dividing line between a lot, tract or parcel of land and a contiguous street.
STREET-SIDE LOT LINES
(See: LOT LINES, SIDE)
STREET SURFACE WIDTH
That portion of any street designated for vehicular traffic and, where curbs are laid, that portion of any street between the curbs.
STRUCTURAL ALTERATIONS
(See: ALTERATIONS, BUILDING OR STRUCTURAL)
STRUCTURE
Anything fabricated, assembled, constructed or erected, the use of which requires more or less permanent location on the ground or attached to something having permanent location on the ground, including, but not limited to buildings, signs, poles, walkways, retaining walls, towers and fences.
STRUCTURE, DWELLING
(See: DWELLING)
STRUCTURE, NON-DWELLING
Any structure not conforming to use for dwelling purposes.
SUBDIVISION
The division of a parcel into two (2) or more lots, or other divisions of land including re-subdivisions and, when appropriate to the context, the process of subdividing or to the land or territory subdivided.
SUBDIVISION PLAT, PRELIMINARY
The first formal submission by a subdivider of a map, drawing or chart indicating the proposed layout of a subdivision with accompanying documents as required by the subdivision regulation.
SUBDIVISION PLAT, FINAL
The final map, drawing or chart and required documents presenting a subdivision plan to the Planning Commission and Board of Aldermen for approval.
TEMPORARY BUILDING OR USE
A use or building established for a delineated time span in connection with a specific purpose such as a construction project or real estate development, not to include facilities for sleeping or cooking.
THEATER
A building or part of a building devoted primarily to the showing of motion pictures or theatrical productions on a paid admission basis.
THEATER, OUTDOOR DRIVE-IN
An open lot or part thereof with its appurtenant facilities devoted primarily to the showing of motion pictures or theatrical productions on a paid admission basis to patrons seated in automobiles or on outdoor seats.
THOROUGHFARE
A major street.
THOROUGHFARE PLAN
The official plan of highways, primary and secondary thoroughfares, parkways and other major streets, including collector streets, adopted by the Planning Commission, approved by the Board of Aldermen, and duly recorded in the office of the County Recorder of Deeds of Warren County.
THOROUGHFARE, PRIMARY/SECONDARY
A major street so designated in the official thoroughfare plan.
TOPOGRAPHIC MAP
A map showing all principal physical features of an area, including elevation.
TOURIST HOME
A building other than a hotel or motel where lodging is provided and offered for compensation to not more than twenty (20) transient guests, with only one (1) sign not more than two (2) square feet in area.
TOURIST/TRAILER CAMP
(See: CAMPGROUND)
TRAILER
Any structure built on a chassis for licensing by the State as a trailer and designed for general hauling or recreational purposes. (See: MOBILE HOME; TRAILER, CONSTRUCTION; UTILITY TRAILER; AND RECREATIONAL VEHICLE)
TRAILER, CONSTRUCTION
A vehicle, other than a motor vehicle, designed or intended for temporary office space and/or storage, but not dwelling purposes, whether or not such vehicle is attached to or resting on the ground or something having a location on the ground, and is parked on the building site where construction work is occurring and requires a permit prior to its placement.
TRANSITIONAL AREA
An area with its geographical location to other zoning districts making it more subject to uses from said adjoining districts not completely compatible with its existing zoning district regulations, such that Condition Use Permits and/or variances are requested at a frequency to alter the original zoning district's intent.
TRANSPORTATION INSTALLATIONS, MAJOR
Industrial-type transportation facilities to include airports, bus terminals, flight strips and heliports, railroad terminals and yards and truck terminals.
USE
The specific purpose or combined purposes for which land or a building is designed, arranged, intended, occupied or maintained, with any combination of uses subject to the like combination of their individual requirements. The term "permitted use" or its equivalent shall not be deemed to include any non-conforming or conditional use. (See also: ACCESSORY USE; CONDITIONAL USE; EXCEPTIONAL USE; NON-CONFORMING USE; PRINCIPAL USE; PUBLIC USE; TEMPORARY BUILDING OR USE)
UTILITIES, LOCAL PUBLIC SERVICE
(See: ESSENTIAL UTILITY, GOVERNMENT OR PUBLIC)
UTILITIES, MAJOR
Publicly or privately owned, operated and maintained facilities requiring licensing and monitoring beyond local levels and more selectively in their location within the community, such as sanitary landfills, sewage treatment plants and outfall sewers, radio and television transmitter towers, electrical substations and telephone exchanges, power generating plants and water towers.
UTILITIES, PRIVATE
Those water, sewer, storm drainage, communication, power or other facilities privately-owned, operated and maintained for a specific service area and which comply with applicable public health standards.
UTILITY TRAILER
Any structure built on a chassis for licensing by the State as a trailer and designed for general hauling or recreational purposes.
VACATION VEHICLE LOT OR PARK
Any area, tract, site or plot of land whereupon a minimum of two (2) vacation vehicles as herein defined are placed, located or maintained for temporary dwelling purposes.
VARIANCE
The official granting of an exemption from compliance with the terms or conditions of the zoning regulations by the Zoning Board for a specific parcel, structure or use as a result of demonstrable practical difficulties other than of a financial nature in meeting the existing requirements, as distinct from rezoning and as further set out hereinafter in powers and duties of the Board of Adjustment.
WAREHOUSE
A large building where raw materials or manufactured goods may be stored before their export or distribution for sale.
[Ord. No. 872 §I, 2-11-2016]
YARD
The open space at grade remaining between the lot lines adjoining such space and the principal building or building lines on such lot, unoccupied and unobstructed by any portion of a structure from the ground upward, except as otherwise provided.
YARD, FRONT
A yard extending between side lot lines and across the front of a lot and being the minimum horizontal distance between the street or lot line and the principal building or any projections thereof other than the projections of the usual uncovered steps, uncovered balconies or uncovered porch. On corner lots, the front yard shall be considered as parallel to the street the front door faces.
YARD, REAR
A yard extending between side lot lines and across the rear of a lot and being the required minimum horizontal distance between the rear lot line and the rear of the principal building or any projections thereof other than the projections of uncovered steps, unenclosed balconies or unenclosed porches; the rear yard being opposite the front yard.
YARD, SIDE
A yard between the principal building and the side line of the lot, and extending from the required front yard to the required rear yard, being the minimum horizontal distance between a side lot line and the side of the principal building or any projection thereof.
ZONING AMENDMENT
A change or revision of the ordinance or map.
ZONING APPEAL
An official request for reconsideration filed with the Zoning Board after an application to the Zoning Enforcement Officer for a zoning permit has been denied for non-compliance with the requirements of the ordinance.
ZONING BOARD
The term used to refer to the Board of Zoning Appeals as herein regulated.
ZONING, BUILDING PERMIT
A permit issued by the Zoning Enforcement Officer indicating the plan submitted complies with the zoning ordinance and the use or structure proposed is allowed by the ordinance or has been allowed by a variance or exception granted by the Zoning Board.
ZONING CERTIFICATE
A document issued by the Zoning Enforcement Officer authorizing buildings, structures or uses consistent with the terms of this Title and for the purpose of implementing and enforcing its provisions.
ZONING DISTRICTS
The City's divisions regulating land use and density.
ZONING ENFORCEMENT OFFICER
A person or persons designated by the Board of Aldermen to administer the ordinance.
ZONING MAP
The City's official zoning map and all amendments thereto located in the office of the City Clerk.
ZONING
A unified set of regulations and maps establishing use groups by district designations and controlling the placement, height, bulk, coverage and performance and other standards for use of land and structures within each district.
[1]
Editor’s Note: The former definition of “residential meal service,” which immediately followed, was repealed 4-23-2015 by §II of Ord. No. 852.

Section 405.100 Supplemental Regulations.

[Ord. No. 228 §700.10, 5-10-1990; Ord. No. 292 §I, 12-8-1994; Ord. No. 354 §§II — IV, 3-25-1999; Ord. No. 426 §I, 6-12-2003; Ord. No. 698 §I, 9-24-2009]
A. 
This Section outlines regulations affecting more than one (1), or all, zoning districts and must be reviewed in every case when considering any type of land use within the City's jurisdiction; however, these supplemental regulations shall defer to any specific regulations within the respective zoning districts Sections.
1. 
Building or structures.
a. 
General.
1) 
Buildings or structures, accessory. In all zoning districts except the residential districts identified in Chapter 425, accessory buildings or structures, as defined in Section 405.090, shall be subject to the following:
[Ord. No. 827 §I, 5-22-2014]
a) 
An accessory building to a primary structure shall be set back no less than the existing building line of the property and in no instance be located or constructed in the applicable setbacks for the zoning district in which the principal building is located.
b) 
No single accessory building in any district shall occupy more than thirty percent (30%) nor shall all such buildings collectively occupy more than forty percent (40%) of the required yard spaces in the rear one-half (1/2) of a lot.
c) 
On external corner lots in a subdivision, an accessory building shall not project closer than fifteen (15) feet to the street side lot line; except if a required parking garage with access to said street, such setback shall be a minimum of twenty (20) feet.
d) 
No accessory building shall be erected in any required front or side yard, and no separate accessory building shall be erected within five (5) feet of any other building.
e) 
No accessory building shall be constructed upon a lot until the construction of the principal building has commenced, and no accessory building shall be placed in use until the principal building is completed and in use.
f) 
No accessory building shall be used for dwelling purposes.
2) 
Buildings or structures, principal.
a) 
More than one (1) principal structure, or structure housing a permitted or permissible principal use, may be erected on a single lot provided all yard and other requirements herein shall be met for each structure as though it were on a separate lot.
b) 
Every building hereafter erected or moved shall be on a lot adjacent to a public street, or have access to an approved private street, and all structures shall be so located on lots as to provide safe and convenient access for servicing, fire protection and required off-street parking.
c) 
All owners, contractors or builders of any principal structure in the City shall report its location to the Zoning Enforcement Officer and procure a certificate of the number issued by the U.S. Postal authority and shall cause said number to be placed thereon where it shall be clearly visible from any public road or street it fronts.
3) 
Buildings or structures, temporary. No temporary structure (including trailers and mobile homes) shall be used or occupied for any residential, commercial or industrial use except as specifically permitted or required by these regulations; however, the Planning Commission may, upon application therefor, permit the use of such temporary structure for such reasonable time, for such use and subject to such conditions as the Commission deems compatible with the character of the area in which the structure is located and in compliance with the purpose and intent of these regulations.
4) 
Buildings or structures, incomplete. Nothing herein contained shall require a change in the plans, construction or designated use of a building, if its foundation has been completely constructed at the effective date of these regulations and if construction shall be completed within one (1) year of said date.
b. 
The below-listed types of uses shall be subject to the additional requirements as follows:
1) 
Churches and places of formal worship. For each seventy-five (75) seats (or where benches are provided, each twenty-four (24) inches of said bench shall constitute a seat) or fraction thereof, excluding Sunday school accommodations, the site shall contain at least one-half (½) acre of land.
2) 
Drive-in theaters.
a) 
Projection screens and parking areas shall not be closer than fifty (50) feet from any street right of way line and not closer than one hundred (100) feet from any residential district boundary.
b) 
The projection screen surface shall not be visible from any major traffic street.
c) 
Loudspeakers shall be limited to individual unit type designed to be heard by occupants within one (1) vehicle only.
d) 
Entrances and exists shall connect only to major arterial or collector streets and shall be designed to avoid interference with traffic flow.
e) 
Entrances and exit waiting space for vehicles shall be provided to accommodate not less than five percent (5%) of the theater's parking capacity.
3) 
Fences, walls and hedges.
a) 
No barbed wire or other such sharp pointed fencing and no electrically charged fence shall be erected or maintained in any residential zoned district. These fences are allowed in agricultural and conservation districts. In commercial and industrial districts, barbed wire fencing is allowed only if placed on the top of a chain linked fence, six (6) foot minimum in height. Razor ribbon or equivalent and concertina type wire or banding is prohibited.
b) 
No permanent fence or retaining wall shall be constructed or erected within any public street or alley right of way unless authorized by the Planning Commission.
c) 
Fences, walls and hedges in any district may be located along lot lines, provided those exceeding six (6) feet in height meet the minimum yard requirements of the subject district. (See also: Density and Appurtenant Requirements, Section 405.100(2)(a)(5)).
d) 
In residential districts, fences constructed along front lot line, and along side lot lines which are twenty-five (25) feet from front lot line, shall be a maximum of thirty-six (36) inches in height.
e) 
Fence construction material.
[Ord. No. 787 §I, 3-28-2013]
i. 
All fencing must be made of approved material and be adequately secured in the ground.
ii. 
Approved material would be chain link, decorative wood, or vinyl fence.
iii. 
All fencing installed six (6) feet or less in height must have posts cemented in concrete at thirty (30) inches deep.
iv. 
Any fence over six (6) feet in height must be secured in concrete thirty-six (36) inches deep.
v. 
All material and construction must be approved by City Official, Code Enforcement Officer or Building Official.
4) 
Garages, motor vehicle repair. All repair work, servicing, storage of parts and equipment and vehicle dismantling shall be done completely within an enclosed building or shall be enclosed by a solid fence at least six (6) feet in height.
5) 
Gasoline service stations.
a) 
All gasoline pumps, lubrication or similar devices and other service facilities shall be located at least twenty (20) feet from any street right of way line.
b) 
All fuel and oil storage, pumps or other such dispensing devices shall be located at least twenty (20) feet from any side or rear lot line.
c) 
No access drive shall be within two hundred (200) feet of a fire station, school, public library, church, park or playground.
d) 
All food, ice and beverage vending devices shall be located within or immediately adjacent to the principal building.
6) 
Home occupations.
a) 
No employment of help other than the members of the resident family.
b) 
No outdoor display or storage of material.
c) 
No signs displayed except one (1) nameplate displayed flat against a door or wall, or in the window, of the principal dwelling.
d) 
No commodity is sold on the premises except that which is prepared therein.
e) 
No more than twenty percent (20%) of the dwelling's net floor area is devoted to the occupation.
f) 
No additional off-street parking space is required except as the Planning Commission may deem necessary in specific instances.
g) 
No mechanical equipment is installed or in use which violates the performance standards of these regulations.
h) 
The dwelling appearance is not altered by the conduct of the home occupation and is not recognizable as serving a non-residential purpose, either by color, materials of construction, lighting, sounds, vibrations.
i) 
The home occupation does not require internal or external alterations or involve construction features not customary in dwellings.
j) 
No other sales to nor services for customers are provided on-premise.
k) 
The following are included as home occupations:
i. 
Professional office, except as other provided.
ii. 
Art studio.
iii. 
Home arts and crafts: dressmaking, millinery, preserving, cooking, cake decorating.
iv. 
Teaching; musical instruction limited to two (2) pupils at a time.
l) 
The home occupation does not include the following: clinic, hospital, mortuary, funeral home, nursing home, barber shop, beauty parlor, tea room, tourist home, antique shop, animal hospital, restaurant, veterinarian's office or any use similar to the foregoing.
7) 
Hospitals and sanitariums.
a) 
The minimum site shall be five (5) acres except when the facility's capacity exceeds fifty (50) beds the site shall be the greater of five (5) acres or the acreage determined by the number of beds multiplied times the percentage of total floor area at ground level and dividing by five hundred (500).
b) 
All principal buildings shall be located at least twenty-five (25) feet from all lot lines.
c) 
The site shall not have any lot dimension less than two hundred (200) feet.
8) 
Junk yards.
a) 
All storage of parts and equipment and the dismantling of vehicles shall be within a completely enclosed building or within an area enclosed by a solid fence not less than six (6) feet in height.
b) 
Any junk yard shall be located not less than five hundred (500) feet from any residential district boundary.
9) 
Nurseries, plant/tree, and greenhouses.
a) 
No fertilizer, compost, manure or other odor- or dust-producing substance shall be stored within fifty (50) feet of any property line.
b) 
Greenhouse heating units shall be in an enclosed building not less than fifty (50) feet from any property line.
c) 
Along any side or rear lot line, a planting or other appropriate screening shall be provided of such size and density to provide visual separation from adjacent residential properties.
10) 
Nursing homes.
a) 
The minimum site shall be two (2) acres; a nursing home containing more than forty (40) beds shall have a minimum site area the greater of two (2) acres or the number of acres determined by multiplying the number of beds times the percent of total ground floor area and dividing that total by two thousand (2,000).
b) 
All principal buildings shall be located at least twenty-five (25) feet from all lot lines.
c) 
The site shall have a minimum lot dimension of two hundred (200) feet.
11) 
Public buildings.
a) 
In any Agricultural, Park and Scenic or Residential District, all publicly-owned buildings shall be located at least twenty-five (25) feet from all property lines.
b) 
In any Agricultural, Park and Scenic, Residential or Commercial District, permanent storage of heavy construction or maintenance equipment (such as excavating, road building or hauling equipment) shall not be permitted unless in an enclosed building or enclosed within a solid wall or fence at least six (6) feet in height, and such storage areas, maintenance yards or storage warehouses shall be located at least twenty-five (25) feet from any front or side property line.
12) 
Public utility stations, exchanges, essential services. Electrical substations, gas regulator stations or telephone exchange facilities in any Agricultural, Park and Scenic or Residential district shall be subject to the following:
a) 
No public office, repair or storage facilities shall be maintained in connection with such substations or exchanges.
b) 
The building housing any such facility shall be designed and constructed to conform to the general character of the neighborhood.
c) 
The area where the facility is located shall be landscaped and maintained in conformance with the general character of the surrounding area.
d) 
Where all facilities and equipment are entirely within a completely enclosed building, the minimum lot may consist of width not less than the total building width plus the total minimum required side yards, and depth not less than the building depth plus the minimum required front yard plus a three (3) foot minimum rear yard.
e) 
Where facilities or equipment are located outside an enclosed building, no such facilities or equipment shall be located closer than fifteen (15) feet to any side or rear lot line.
f) 
If transformers are exposed, an enclosing fence or wall at least six (6) feet in height shall be provided.
13) 
Schools, private and parochial.
a) 
For each one hundred students or fraction thereof, the site shall contain one and one-quarter (1.25) acres.
b) 
Each principal building shall be located at least twenty-five feet from all property lines.
14) 
Stables. No private stable shall be located closer than one hundred fifty (150) feet to any other structure.
15) 
Swimming pools. No public or private swimming pool in any district shall be located in any required front yard; however, if not more than six (6) feet in height, such use may be located in any required side or rear yard but not closer than ten (10) feet to a side lot line adjacent to a street, subject to the provisions of Section 405.100(2)(a)(5).
16) 
(Reserved)[1]
[1]
Editor’s Note: Former Subsection (A)(1)(b)(16), trailers, was repealed 4-23-2015 by §III of Ord. No. 852.
17) 
Vacation vehicle parks.
a) 
All vacation vehicle parks shall be used exclusively for temporary parking only and no permanent mobile dwelling shall be permitted.
b) 
The Planning Commission shall require improvements considered necessary with respect to the environment and existing City and State laws, with the City's ordinance regulating the establishment of mobile home parks to be used as a guideline in approving or denying a proposed vacation vehicle park.
2. 
Density and appurtenant requirements.
a. 
Height limitations.
1) 
Accessory use structures secondary to principal use structures shall be limited to the principal use structure height.
2) 
No dwelling structure shall exceed two and one-half (2½) stories or thirty-five (35) feet in height except multi-family use (four (4) or more family units per building) which shall be limited to four (4) stories or fifty (50) feet in height.
3) 
Non-dwelling buildings and structures shall be limited to two and one-half (2½) stories or thirty-five (35) feet in height except as stated otherwise in these regulations and as allowed by Conditional Use Permits.
4) 
No building or structure, other than authorized utility towers and antennas, shall exceed four (4) stories or fifty (50) feet in height in any district.
5) 
Any permitted building, other than a dwelling or accessory building, may be built to a greater height than allowed in that district if the setback is increased by one (1) foot for every one (1) foot of additional height.
6) 
The height limitations contained in these regulations shall not apply to a parapet wall or ornamental cornice without windows extending above the height limit not more than five (5) feet, nor to church spires, belfries, cupolas, penthouses and domes not used for human occupancy, chimneys, ventilators, skylights, water tanks, silos, bulkheads, other similar architectural features and necessary mechanical appurtenances usually extended above roof level.
7) 
Airport zones. Any area designated an airport zone shall have such additional height restrictions as the Federal Aviation Administration requires, and permits for material changes in land use, structures and trees shall be necessary for use not in conflict with said restrictions, which, along with the special zones to which they apply, shall be defined in a separate ordinance and incorporated herein by reference.
b. 
Lot dimensions, lot areas and yard requirements.
1) 
Wherever an existing lot of record has a width of sixty (60) feet or less, the side yard on each side of any building thereon may be reduced to not less than ten percent (10%) of the lot width but in no instances shall such yard be less than five (5) feet wide nor can two (2) adjoining lots have buildings closer than ten (10) feet across a common lot line.
2) 
In the event forty percent (40%) or more of the structures fronting one (1) side of a street, between two (2) intersecting streets or for a distance of at least five hundred (500) feet in either direction, have been set back from such street with greater or less than the required front yardage in that district, a dwelling may be hereafter erected so it approaches no closer to the street than the average setback of the existing structures, but in no case shall the front yard be reduced to less than fifteen (15) feet.
3) 
Even though its area is less than the minimum required by these regulations for a district, except in industrial districts, an existing lot of record may be used as a building site if all other requirements are met, provided no more than one (1) principal building is placed thereon.
4) 
Two (2) or more contiguous parcels held in one (1) ownership and each lacking adequate area and/or minimum dimensions to qualify for a permitted use in a district, but together would satisfy such requirements, may be combined for said use.
5) 
In the case of corner lots, no structure or plant material exceeding thirty-six (36) inches in height above the street pavement elevation may be erected or maintained within the triangular area bounded by the property lines and a line connecting the two (2) points on said property lines thirty (30) feet from their intersection.
6) 
For any through lot or corner lot, both frontages shall comply with the front yard requirement.
7) 
The minimum lot width fronting a horizontally-curved street shall be determined by measuring along a straight line defined by the points of intersection of the side property lines with the right of way line, shall be equal to or greater than the minimum setback plus ten (10) feet and shall be no less than thirty-five (35) feet.
8) 
The minimum front setback for a lot fronting a horizontally-curved street shall be determined by measuring from a straight line defined by the points where the side property lines intersect with the right of way line.
9) 
On a corner or external lot, a structure may face either street.
10) 
For other than corner lot setbacks as required herein, property line setback requirements for structures shall not apply to the following:
a) 
Boundary walls and fences six (6) feet or less in height.
b) 
Utility towers authorized by Conditional use permits.
c) 
Permitted informational and direction signs.
11) 
Where the side lot lines are not parallel, the minimum width dimension shall be calculated as the average of the width measured at the front lot line, said front width being at least thirty-five (35) feet, and the lot width, being at least fifty (50) feet, measured twenty-five (25) feet back from said front lot line.
12) 
Where a building wall is not parallel to a side or rear lot line, the required yard shall be determined by calculating the average distance of said wall from said lot line, provided the building extends no closer than five (5) feet to any rear or side lot line.
13) 
In calculating the percentage of lot coverage or required yards, the following structure features shall be excluded as coverage or yard infringements:
a) 
Open or lattice-enclosed fire escapes, fireproof outside stairways and balconies opening upon fire towers projecting into a yard not more than five (5) feet.
b) 
Unenclosed surfaced walks and driveways.
c) 
Fences or trellises six (6) feet or less in height.
d) 
Retaining walls eighteen (18) inches or less in height.
e) 
Flue or fireplace chimneys or similar architectural features attached to the principal building but not extending beyond two (2) feet therefrom.
f) 
Bay windows extending not more than eighteen (18) inches from the principal building.
g) 
Cornices, canopies and eaves not extending more than four (4) feet.
h) 
Open fire escapes not projecting in a required side yard more than half (½) the width of said yard.
i) 
Solid floor balconies, enclosed outside stairways and fire escapes and unenclosed but covered patios not extending to within twelve (12) feet of the rear lot line.
3. 
(Reserved)[2]
[2]
Editor’s Note: Former Subsection (A)(3), parking and loading, off-street, was repealed 4-23-2015 by §IV of Ord. No. 852.
4. 
Performance standards.
a. 
Performance standards shall apply to all land uses and developments in all districts and are subject to all existing or future local, State and/or Federal laws.
b. 
Air, land and water quality.
1) 
Every use shall be operated so no odor, smoke, toxic gases and/or dirt, dust, fly ash or other particulate matter is emitted to violate the Air Quality Standards and Air Pollution Control Regulations of the St. Louis Metropolitan Area or existing or future Federal, State or local laws pertaining to air, land and water pollution and must conform to any such law in addition to requirements contained herein.
2) 
Every use shall be operated so no dangerous amount of radioactive emissions occur to violate Federal, State or local regulations.
c. 
Drainage, erosion and slope. Any lot shall be properly graded for drainage to prevent excessive stormwater or other run-off from one (1) lot to another under separate ownership or onto any public right of way and maintained in good condition, free from weeds, trash and debris. Significant changes in the natural flow of water courses shall be prohibited. Where a lot slopes ten percent (10%) or more within fifty (50) feet of any proposed principal building wall, the following shall be provided for consideration before a building permit can be issued:
1) 
A site plan drawn to a scale of not less than two hundred (200) feet to one (1) inch with contour intervals every two (2) feet and indicating the location of all buildings and structures, their required minimum yard requirements and the lot's principal use;
2) 
What structural, mechanical and locational measures will be taken to prevent erosion and protect any building from hillside slumpage resulting from the development and use of the lot;
3) 
A stable angle of recline for the lot's soil properties;
4) 
Accessways, including for emergency vehicles;
5) 
Any information to indicate the development will not be detrimental to adjacent properties.
d. 
Glare and heat. Any operation producing intense glare or heat shall be performed in an enclosure and shall be imperceptible without instruments along any lot line.
e. 
Impact. Any site location shall have a compatible relationship to the environment, established street system and utilities capacities and services and shall pose no greater burden than could be considered reasonable as determined by the City Engineer.
f. 
Lighting controls. Any light illuminating signs, parking areas, swimming pools or for any other purpose shall be arranged to direct the light away from residential properties or public rights-of-way.
g. 
Maintenance. Maintaining yards and other open spaces and lot areas shall be a continuing obligation of the owner(s) of a building, use or property as long as such exists.
h. 
Noise. Every use shall be operated so the sound pressure or noise level generated, measured in decibels, shall not exceed at any lot line the maximum decibel levels for the designated octave band within or adjacent to residential or other districts as set forth in the following:
Octave Band, Cycles/Sec
Residential
Other
0
to
75
72
79
75
to
150
67
74
150
to
300
59
66
300
to
600
52
59
600
to
1200
46
53
1200
to
2400
40
47
2400
to
4800
34
41
above
4800
32
39
i. 
Vibration. Every use shall be operated so the maximum ground vibration generated is not perceptible without instruments at any point on its lot lines.
5. 
Signs. All signs hereafter constructed, erected, painted or otherwise within the jurisdiction of these regulations shall comply with the following:
a. 
Governmental signs including for traffic regulations intended for public information, direction, safety or control purposes shall be subject to the ANSI Manual on UNIFORM TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, latest edition, and no sign in any district shall conflict in any manner with public devices controlling public traffic. Any sign illustrated with colors to conflict with those of safety signs, particularly safety yellow, red and green, shall not be erected within one hundred (100) feet of any safety sign.
b. 
Temporary signs shall be limited to a sixty-day period, with one (1) thirty-day extension from the Zoning Enforcement Officer, additional time extensions being subject to Planning Commission approval.
c. 
Advertising signs shall be located only on the premises advertised.
d. 
Identification and directional signs shall be limited to one (1) per each separate road frontage.
e. 
No sign may be located nearer than one thousand (1,000) feet to any designated scenic or historic area.
f. 
No sign may extend over or interfere with a public right of way.
g. 
All existing signs not complying with the terms herein shall be deemed non-conforming, subject to the specific regulations for such structures.
h. 
Any advertising signs for which the period has expired or for which the object, business, commodity, service or entertainment being advertised has been discontinued shall be removed within thirty (30) days of such discontinuance.
i. 
Temporary construction signs shall be limited to three (3) signs with a total square footage of sixty-four (64) square feet. Signs must be erected on same lot where the work is being done.
6. 
Transitional areas. All lots or uses, including public utilities, adjacent to or transversing zoning district boundaries shall be subject to the following:
a. 
Lots. Where a district boundary line divides a lot of record at the time such line is adopted, the district in which the lot has frontage shall control for a distance no greater than fifty (50) feet across said line; in the case of a lot fronting in two (2) districts, the more restrictive district shall control; in the case of property split by the district limit, the more restrictive shall control.
b. 
Street. Where a residential district is bounded by a portion of a commercial district, that portion of any side street extending through such residential district into such business district shall not be used for any business purpose, except as herein set forth.
1) 
Business structures shall face and open upon streets within the said commercial district, except show-windows of such business structures may face said side street, and a commercial-use entrance may be placed at the corner of such intersecting business and residential streets.
2) 
Entrances from such residential streets may be made to upper stories of a commercial structure.
c. 
Uses.
1) 
Where a commercial or industrial use abuts a residential district, the non-residential use shall erect and maintain in good condition an opaque fence, wall or hedge five (5) to six (6) feet in height, with topographic features or landscaping allowable in lieu of fences or walls, subject to Planning Commission approval, where such alternatives will achieve comparable effect.
2) 
No public or private garage for more than five (5) motor vehicles shall have an entrance or exit for same within fifty (50) feet of a residential district.
d. 
Yards, front. Where the lots fronting a street within one (1) block are zoned partly residential and partly commercial or industrial, the front-yard depths of the non-residential lots shall equal the required front-yard depths of the said residential district for a distance of fifty (50) feet into the non-residential district.
e. 
Other. In cases where the division of a lot or use by a boundary line and the application of the provisions hereinabove fail to provide dimensions meeting the requirements of either district, or a lot faces or is adjacent to a permit from the Planning Commission, as set forth in the Procedures Section of this Title (See Section 400.050). This provision gives the City the flexibility to individually consider whether the highest and best use of a lot is more nearly consistent with those of an adjacent zoning district and to permit said transitional area use subject to the following guidelines:
1) 
The planned use of the transitional area must be listed as a Permitted Use in said adjacent district and once approved cannot be changed without reapplication for a different use.
2) 
The planned use cannot be detrimental to any properties adjacent to the subject property.
7. 
Uses. When determining the status of a use within a particular zoning district, the Planning Commission shall base its consideration on upholding the purpose, intent and requirements of this Chapter, supporting the intent and regulations of the subject district and assessing the desirability of said use therein. The method for obtaining a permit or determination for the following uses is set forth in the "Administration, Procedures" Chapter of this Title (see Chapter 400).
a. 
Conditional. These uses are considered of value in the subject district but involve elements warranting analysis and judgment of their proper placement with the district; Conditional Use Permit, required.
b. 
Exceptional uses. Quarry and mining uses, to include bulk removal of gravel, topsoil or similar natural material not in connection with any building construction shall require safeguards for protecting adjoining property and the community and an Exceptional Use Permit.
c. 
Non-conforming uses. Any existing use, structure, lot or character of use, considered lawful prior to the effective date of these regulations but prohibited, regulated, restricted or determined incompatible under the provisions of this Chapter or subsequent amendments, shall be classified a non-conforming use, allowed to continue until removal or discontinuance but not encouraged to survive, subject to the following:
1) 
Existing non-conforming uses of any type or nature shall not be extended, enlarged, structurally altered or physically changed to increase or accommodate their non-conformity or moved in whole or in part within their subject district but may be altered to decrease such non-conformity (See Item 5 hereinbelow) and may receive ordinary repairs.
2) 
Incomplete non-conforming structures under construction or for which a building permit has been issued may be completed according to approved plans only and within the time limit for non-conformities.
3) 
Restoration. A non-conforming use damaged or destroyed by any means to the extent of fifty percent (50%) or more of its existing value shall not be restored or replaced unless to full conformance with these regulations, unless the structure is registered as Historic with a State or national agency. If the extent of damage or destruction is less than fifty percent (50%), replacement or restoration of a non-conforming use must occur within the time limit for non-conformities.
4) 
Time limit. Any non-conforming use discontinued or rendered unusable for a period of six (6) months shall thereafter conform to the regulations of the zoning district in which it is located.
5) 
Certificate of Non-conformity. The Planning Commission may find a proposed non-conforming use is equally or more appropriate to the subject district than an existing non-conforming use and shall issue a certificate of non-conformity in accordance with the "Administration, Procedures", Chapter of this Title (see Chapter 400).
d. 
Temporary uses. Any use listed or intended as temporary may be located in any district upon issuance of a permit specifying time limit from the Zoning Enforcement Officer, to include the following:
1) 
Temporary agricultural. This use is limited to commercial and industrial districts only and would allow crop farming on a lot being prepared or intended for future development.
2) 
Temporary asphalt or concrete batching plants. These uses are permitted in any district when part of a local construction project.
e. 
Uses not listed. When a use is not specifically listed under the headings for Permitted Land Uses and Developments in the respective zoning district Chapters or in the Table of Uses, such use is expressly prohibited. The Planning Commission shall determine whether a proposed unlisted use is similar to and compatible with the uses listed in a particular zoning district, and an amendment procedure is required to establish a definition, district classifications and appurtenant requirements before such use is authorized.
8. 
Utilities, line protection. No building or addition thereto shall be erected over or across any public sewer, water or utility line, nor upon any platted or recorded easement, unless permission is granted in writing by the City and by the public utility, if any, whose lines are involved.

Section 405.110 Off-Street Parking and Loading Requirements.

[Ord. No. 852 §I, 4-23-2015]
A. 
Applicability. For every use, activity or structure permitted by this Chapter and for all buildings or structures erected in accordance therewith, there shall be provided sufficient space for access and off-street standing, parking, circulation, unloading and loading of motor vehicles that may be expected to transport its occupants, whether as patrons, residents, customers, employees, guests or otherwise, to an establishment, activity or place of residence at any time under normal conditions for any purpose. When a use is expanded, off-street parking and loading shall be provided in accordance with the regulations herein for the area or capacity of such expansion in combination with the previously existing uses, structure or activity. Exception: The forgoing notwithstanding, temporary seasonal uses such as fireworks stands, Christmas tree sales, etc., of a duration of no more than thirty (30) consecutive days in a calendar year may have gravel parking and are exempt from landscaping requirements.
B. 
Site Plan Required. Every building permit application for a new, enlarged or remodeled building, structure or use shall include therewith a parking site and landscape plan with the exception of detached single-family residences. In addition, such parking site and landscape plan requirements shall also apply to new, enlarged or remodeled parking facilities serving existing buildings, structures or uses. Application for approval of such a plan shall include for review and approval by the Planning and Zoning Commission and Board of Aldermen all existing parking facilities currently serving said buildings, structures and uses for conformity with these regulations. Site plan review by the Planning and Zoning Commission and Board of Aldermen is not required for the addition of ten (10) or less parking spaces. An administrative review is required by the Public Works Department.
1. 
Parking plan requirements. In addition to the requirements of Chapter 455, Subdivision and Land Development, the plan shall also specifically include the following:
a. 
Delineation of individual parking and loading spaces by adequate striping.
b. 
Circulation area necessary to serve spaces.
c. 
Access to streets and property to be served.
d. 
Driveway and traffic aisle width, location of all curbs and curbing materials.
e. 
Grading, drainage, surfacing and subgrading details.
f. 
Delineation of obstacles to parking and circulation in finished parking area.
g. 
Specification as to signs and bumper guards.
h. 
Dimensions and material of required landscaping and screening. (See Subsection (D) for landscaping requirements for parking lots.)
i. 
Lighting and other pertinent details.
j. 
Critical dimensions indicating setback and parking lot design layout.
k. 
Subsurface public utilities to be covered.
C. 
Design Requirements.
1. 
Surface material. Areas used for standing, parking, storage and maneuvering of vehicles, accessory trailers, recreational vehicles, equipment or product inventory and materials, including access points to public or private streets, shall have Portland concrete or asphaltic concrete surfaces constructed and maintained adequately for all-weather use and be so drained as to avoid flow of water across sidewalks. All driveways and access points to public or private streets shall be paved. Use of permeable pavement as a surface material is permitted subject to site plan review and approval, with soil type and base preparations as reviewed and approved by the City.
Exceptions: Existing residential gravel driveways may continue to be used, so long as they are legally installed and properly maintained. Residential driveways that are directly connected to private gravel roads may be gravel. A conditional use permit may be issued to allow heavy steel track equipment storage on gravel. Biodegradable product inventory and materials are not required to be placed on a paved hard surface for storage in all industrial districts.
Commercial and industrial. Existing gravel parking lots that are legally installed and properly maintained may continue to be used until such time as there is a change in occupancy, by any means, to a cumulative extent of more than fifty percent (50%) to the square foot area within the footprint of the building or structure, or a change of ownership for the entire structure, or any portion of the structure. At that time it will be required to have a minimum parking surface of eight (8) inches of rock base and three (3) inches of asphalt, or four (4) inches of concrete on a prepared subgrade will be required.
2. 
Access to parking areas. All commercial and industrial zoned off-street parking spaces necessitating backing into a public road are prohibited. Off-street parking spaces necessitating backing into a public road upon residential collector streets are prohibited and shall be designed to utilize rear entry or side entry garages.
3. 
Access near street corners. No entrance or exit for any commercial or industrial off-street parking area with over four (4) parking spaces, nor any loading berth, shall be located within one hundred fifty (150) feet of the intersection of any two (2) street right-of-way lines. Residential driveways located on corner lots shall be placed adjacent to the interior or side property lines most distant from the street corner.
4. 
Drainage. All off-street parking areas shall be drained so as to prevent drainage to abutting properties. The manner of site drainage proposed shall be subject to review and approval by the Director of Public Works.
5. 
Lighting. The location of light standards shall be approved by the Planning and Zoning Commission on a site development plan. Any building-mounted and pole lighting fixtures used to illuminate any off-street parking area shall be so arranged and shielded to reflect the light away from any adjoining residential lot, institutional premise or adjacent streets. All new lighting fixtures source shall be uniform within a development.
6. 
Location of parking. Unless otherwise provided by specific provisions of this Chapter, all required parking spaces may be located in a required front yard, side yard, or rear yard area. All commercial and industrial zoned areas require that a 10-foot setback is maintained from any property line, under separate ownership and/or a lease line, subject to site plan approval. (See Subsection (D), Landscaping and Screening Requirements.)
Exception: Where the proposed parking area will be located adjacent to a similarly zoned property and where internal access will be provided between the two (2) properties through the recording of appropriate cross-access easements, the 10-foot setback may be shared between two (2) adjacent properties subject to site plan approval, maintaining compliance with Section 405.110(D)(11) requirements.
7. 
Striping required. Open parking spaces for multiple-family dwellings (containing three (3) or more dwelling units) and non-residential uses shall be delineated by pavement striping and must meet minimal parking stall sizes as described in Subsection (H) below.
8. 
Minimum parking space dimensions.
a. 
If ninety degree (90°) parking space,
stall depth — 19 feet 0 inches
stall width — 9 feet 0 inches
aisle width — 25 feet 0 inches
b. 
If sixty degree (60°) parking space,
stall depth — 19 feet 0 inches
stall width — 9 feet 0 inches
aisle width — 18 feet 6 inches
c. 
If forty-five degree (45°) parking space,
stall depth — 19 feet 0 inches
stall width — 9 feet 0 inches
aisle width — 16 feet 0 inches
d. 
If thirty degree (30°) parking space,
stall depth — 19 feet 0 inches
stall width — 9 feet 0 inches
aisle width — 16 feet 0 inches
e. 
If parallel parking space,
stall depth — 8 feet 0 inches
curb length — 23 feet 0 inches
aisle width — 16 feet 0 inches, or if adjacent to angle parking, use largest width
9. 
All commercial and industrial zoned off-street parking areas shall be improved with a four (4) inch thick concrete surface or three (3) inches of asphaltic concrete on a compacted stone base. A concrete pad shall be provided for trash collection areas within the enclosure and fronting the service access to the enclosure, subject to site plan approval.
10. 
All residential zoned off-street parking areas shall be improved with a four (4) inch thick concrete surface or three (3) inches of asphaltic concrete on a compacted stone base.
11. 
In all zoning districts that require screening of exterior solid waste containers, such screening, if not in compliance with district regulations, shall be accomplished with all new occupancies and changes in ownership.
12. 
Maximum width access from street (at throat). No access point from a street shall have a throat width larger than forty (40) feet. Larger access widths may be recommended for approval by the Planning and Zoning Commission and approved by the Board of Aldermen, subject to site plan review and approval.
D. 
Screening And Landscaping — Commercial, Industrial And Public Facility/Assembly Properties. All parking and loading areas shall be properly screened and landscaped as hereinafter set forth. It is the purpose and intent of this Section to require adequate protection for contiguous property against undesirable effects from the creation and operation of parking or loading areas; and to protect and preserve the appearance and character of surrounding neighborhoods and the City with aesthetic screening and landscaping; to provide greenspace to visually soften paved areas and buildings; and to provide shade, air purification, including noise, glare and heat abatement. Exception: The forgoing notwithstanding, temporary seasonal uses such as fireworks stands, Christmas tree sales, etc., of a duration of no more than thirty (30) consecutive days in a calendar year are exempt from landscaping requirements contained herein.
1. 
All landscaping and screening requirements shall be the responsibility of the property owner or developer to install and maintain. All landscaping and screening shall be located on the owner's or developer's property.
2. 
Landscaping shall include, to the extent necessary to further the intent of this Section, shrubs, bushes, hedges, trees, grasses, seasonal plantings, ground cover plantings, decorative walls or fencing as set forth below.
3. 
In all Commercial districts the frontage along the entire public or private street shall be landscaped with shrub, bush and hedge plantings, so as to separate and screen any parking areas from adjacent streets. A minimum of one (1) shrub, bush or hedge shall be provided for every ten (10) feet of lot frontage or fraction thereof. Shrubs and bushes are not required to be planted ten (10) feet on center, but may be clustered to provide an enhanced landscaped appearance.
4. 
Uses with off-street parking or loading areas located adjacent to a residential district shall provide along the lot line a continuous solid fence, masonry wall, greenbelt or equivalent landscaped berm or hedge to prevent direct light from automobile headlights shining on adjacent residential units. The maximum height of any fence or wall shall not exceed six (6) feet. The fence or wall shall not exceed three and one-half (3 1/2) feet within fifteen (15) feet of the public right-of-way. The minimum height of any continuous landscape hedge shall be planted initially to twenty-four (24) inches and maintained to a maximum of three and one-half (3 1/2) feet in height.
5. 
In addition to any landscaped front, back or side yard areas required by this or any other Section, (except for all industrial districts, vehicle storage lots and multiple level parking structures) a minimum of ten (10) square feet of interior landscaped area shall be provided within the parking lot and adjacent to a proposed building(s) for each parking space when four (4) or more spaces are required subject to site plan approval. The landscaping shall be in one (1) or more areas so as to minimize and reduce the apparent size of parking areas to provide shade, minimize heat and glare, and to improve the community appearance. Interior landscaping shall be provided within raised, curbed parking lot islands. One (1) or more of the following alternatives shall be used for interior landscaping of parking lots:
a. 
A continuous or interrupted raised landscape strip or island consisting of shade trees, shrubs, bushes and ground cover landscaping with a minimum width of five (5) feet between rows of parking spaces.
b. 
Raised landscaped islands of no less than one hundred (100) square feet and not more than two hundred (200) square feet, with a minimum width of six (6) feet, to be located throughout the lot planted with shade trees, shrubs, bushes and ground cover landscaping.
c. 
Raised landscaped islands of no less than nine (9) feet in width and twenty (20) feet in length to be located at the end of or in between rows of parking spaces and to be planted with shade trees, shrubs and ground cover landscaping.
d. 
Raised diamond shaped islands, required every four (4) spaces along interior parking aisles.
6. 
All interior landscape planting areas shall be treated with sod, vegetative ground cover species, mulch, decorative rock, decorative stone or similar material beneath surrounding trees and shrubs.
7. 
Deciduous shade trees shall have a minimum caliper of two and one-half (2 1/2) inches in the trunk measured one (1) foot above the ground. Evergreen trees shall be a minimum of six (6) feet in height at planting. Evergreen trees used for interior landscaping shall be a minimum of three (3) feet in height. All trees shall be properly planted and staked.
8. 
Landscaping hedges or shrubs shall be planted initially eighteen (18) inches in height and maintained to a maximum of three and one-half (3 1/2) feet in height; however, no hedge, shrub, wall or berm shall exceed three (3) feet in height within ten (10) feet of any driveway opening.
9. 
The use of earth sculpting or berms as allowed by these regulations shall be designed to avoid erosion, drainage or maintenance problems.
10. 
All landscaping shall be permanently maintained in good condition with at least the same quality and quantity of landscaping as initially approved. In order to present a healthy, neat and orderly appearance, landscaped areas shall be provided with adequate irrigation for the maintenance of grass, shrubs, ground cover and other landscaping by utilizing a sprinkler system, hose bibs and/or such other method of providing water. In the event that landscaping approved by the City as part of site plan review should die and is not replaced by the property owner in a timely fashion, taking into consideration the season of the year, it shall be deemed a violation of this Chapter and subject to the penalties outlined in Section 400.060.
11. 
Notwithstanding the requirements of Subsection (D)(6), a perimeter landscaped buffer strip shall be provided and maintained at a width of not less than ten (10) feet along all front, side and rear property lines. Said landscape strip shall be planted with sod or similar turf grass and shall contain trees and shrubs as required by this Section.
12. 
All landscaped areas in parking areas or adjacent to parking or loading areas, or that can be encroached upon by a motor vehicle, shall be provided with a permanent six (6) inch vertical Portland cement concrete curb, as approved upon an approved site plan, except areas adjacent to and associated with approved storm water facilities, constructed compliant with storm water management criteria approved by the City Engineer via site improvement plans, to restrict the destruction of the landscaped areas by vehicles. Adequate scuppers and/or weep holes shall be provided through the curbing to permit drainage.
13. 
All side and rear property lines (except industrial districts) shall contain deciduous shade tree(s) a maximum spacing of one hundred (100) feet as required by this Section. Deciduous shade tree(s) are not required to be planted one hundred (100) feet on center, but may be clustered to provide an enhanced landscape appearance.
14. 
All landscaping areas shall remain as greenspace and shall not be utilized for vehicle parking or corrupted with any form of impervious paved surface and shall not be utilized for storage of vehicles or equipment or as a location for any accessory building.
15. 
A landscape legend shall be included on all plans, providing quantity, size and type of landscaping applicable to these standards.
E. 
Administrative Requirements. Required off-street parking spaces stipulated in this Chapter may not overlap sidewalks or the street right-of-way. No person, firm, corporation or partnership shall drive through, park, or conduct any activity from a pickup truck rated more than one (1) ton, van, semi-tractor, or commercial vehicle upon any street, highway or roadway within a residential area except for local deliveries. "Delivery" shall mean the active loading or unloading of the vehicle or part of the same and shall not exceed two (2) hours. The parking of such vehicles upon any private or public parking lot in any residential area is expressly prohibited without the permission of the property owner or agent for said property owner. The driver of any semi-tractor and trailer is hereby prohibited from allowing any motor or motors which is a part of the semi-tractor or trailer from running while parked in any residential area regardless of location. Any Law Enforcement Officer or the Public Works Director of the City of Wright City may cause the removal of any vehicle or part thereof from any residential area where found in violation of the requirements of this Chapter. Any expense incurred by said removal shall be at the expense of the driver, operator or owner of the towed unit.
1. 
Determination of required number of spaces.
a. 
Fractional spaces. When determination of the number of off-street parking spaces required by this regulation results in a requirement of a fractional space, the fraction of one-half (1/2) or less may be disregarded, and a fraction in excess of one-half (1/2) shall be counted as one (1) parking space.
b. 
Floor area. "Floor area," when used as a measurement for determining the number of parking spaces for office, merchandising or service uses, shall mean the gross floor area used or intended to be used for service to the public as patrons or patients, including areas occupied by fixtures and equipment used for display or sale of merchandise. It shall not include areas used principally for non-public purposes such as storage, processing or packaging of merchandise, show windows, or rest rooms or utilities, dressing, fitting or alteration rooms. Eighty percent (80%) of the floor area shall be used when no use is present and no development floor plan is prepared as a calculation method.
c. 
Beds. Cribs or bassinets shall not be counted as beds in determining the number of parking spaces based upon the number of beds.
d. 
Employees. Employees shall be estimated when used as a measurement for determining the number of parking spaces for a new or established expanding business.
2. 
Parking exception for churches. Off-street parking facilities required for churches may be reduced by fifty percent (50%) where churches are located in non-residential districts and within three hundred (300) feet of usable public or private off-street parking areas, and further provided that an agreement filed on record with the County Recorder is provided reflecting that the use of such accessory parking facilities by the church will be permitted by the property owner.
3. 
Parking for multiple use buildings. The number of parking spaces required for land or buildings used for two (2) or more purposes shall be the sum of the requirements for the various uses computed in accordance with this Chapter. Parking facilities for one (1) use shall not be considered as providing the required parking facilities for any other use, except churches.
4. 
Use of required parking spaces. Required accessory off-street parking facilities provided for the commercial and industrial uses hereinafter listed (in Subsection (F) shall be solely for the parking of motor vehicles in operating condition by patrons, occupants or employees of such uses and shall not be used for the storage of other vehicles, boats, motor homes, campers, mobile homes or materials or for the parking of delivery trucks or tractor trailers used in conducting the business or use. In no case shall any parking spaces devoted to the principal use of a lot be leased, rented or sold for the purpose of use by any other person, firm, company, corporation or use other than those located upon the property, except as provided for in Subsection (E)(2) of this Section.
5. 
Overnight parking of motor vehicles. In residential zones, the overnight parking of motor vehicles shall be limited to passenger vehicles. The following vehicles are exempted from this above regulation:
a. 
School or church buses used for the transportation of personnel in conjunction with religious or school activities, if parked on school or church property.
b. 
One (1) commercial truck or van licensed as a passenger vehicle not in excess of eighteen thousand (18,000) pounds gross vehicle weight used by the occupant of the dwelling. Said vehicle shall be located on a Portland or asphalt concrete surface.
c. 
Emergency vehicles or public utility vehicles may be exempted also after written application and written approval of the Chief of Police, subject to approval by the Board of Aldermen.
"Overnight parking" shall mean any parking in excess of four (4) hours between the hours of 6:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.
6. 
Parking of camping and recreational equipment. For the purposes of this regulation, camping and recreational equipment includes auxiliary trailers, motorized homes, pickup coaches, travel trailers and boats.
No camping and recreational equipment shall be parked on any street, alley, highway or other public place, with the exception of emergency or temporary stopping or parking, for not longer than twelve (12) hours.
Parking and storing of camping and recreational equipment on private residential property shall be permitted if the following conditions are met:
a. 
At no time shall such parked or stored camping and recreational equipment be occupied or used for living, sleeping or housekeeping purposes. No utility connections shall be permitted.
b. 
The owner of camping and/or recreational equipment shall not park or store such equipment in such a manner as to create a dangerous or unsafe condition on the property.
c. 
Residential parking for utility trailers and/or recreational vehicles shall be limited to two (2) per single-family residence. Any utility trailer or recreational vehicle parked outside shall be located behind the residence or beside the residence if on a paved surface adjacent and parallel to the exterior wall of the residence and driveway.
Any paved surface shall be no less than the width and length of the utility trailer or recreational vehicle. The size of any utility trailer or recreational vehicle shall be limited to a width no greater than eight (8) feet six (6) inches and a length no greater than thirty (30) feet, inclusive of any tongue.
d. 
No "derelict vehicles" or equipment no longer capable of the function intended shall be stored out-of-doors on residential premises in an inoperative or unregistered condition.
7. 
Number of entrances and exits. The Planning and Zoning Commission shall approve and recommend to the Board of Aldermen the location and width of the entrances and exits from every parking lot. Access point(s) shall be established based upon review and approval of appropriate engineering traffic analysis data from a traffic engineer, and subject to substantial compliance with access management standards within the transportation master plan. With property located at the intersection of a major and minor road, the access to the parking area shall be limited to the major road. In the instance of the intersection of two (2) major roads, access to the parking area may be from either road. Additional access points may be permitted if deemed necessary by the Planning and Zoning Commission for the alleviation of traffic movement along the related street(s), upon review and approval of appropriate engineering traffic analysis data from a traffic engineer.
8. 
Shared access points/cross access points. To minimize multiple points of access to public streets or traffic impact upon public streets and to provide interior traffic circulation, the Planning and Zoning Commission shall approve and recommend to the Board of Aldermen the location of shared access point to the public road network and the location and width of cross access drives through commercially or industrially zoned properties as alternative points of access.
9. 
Accessory parking lots. All required off-street parking or loading spaces shall be provided on the same parcel of land occupied by the use or building to which it is appurtenant; provided, however, that where there are, in the judgment of the Planning and Zoning Commission, practical difficulties in satisfying the requirement for parking space and/or if the public safety or convenience would be better served by another location, the Planning and Zoning Commission may recommend authorization of an alternate location for any portion of the required parking for a non-residential use which will adequately serve the public interest, subject to the following conditions:
a. 
Required accessory off-street parking facilities may be provided elsewhere than on the lot on which the principal use served is located, provided that the property occupied as parking is in the same possession either by deed, by easement, or by long-term lease which has a term equal to or exceeding the projected life of the facility occupied by the principal use, and further provided that the owner shall be bound by covenants filed on record in the office of the Warren County Recorder requiring the owners, heirs or assigns to maintain the required number of off-street parking spaces during the existence of such principal use.
b. 
Pedestrian access shall be available within a walking distance of not more than three hundred (300) feet measured from the nearest point of public access to the building to the nearest part of the accessory parking area.
c. 
Such separated parking space shall be usable without causing unreasonable traffic congestion, detrimental to any residential neighborhood or hazardous to pedestrians or vehicular traffic.
d. 
All accessory parking lots shall be located on property permitted by zoning.
10. 
Changes in use. No off-street parking space required under this Chapter shall be used for any other purpose. Where a change in use creates greater parking requirements than the amount being provided, an occupancy permit shall not be issued until provision is made for the increased amount of required off-street parking.
11. 
Additions to structures, buildings or uses. Where an addition is made to an existing structure, building or use which does not comply with the parking requirements cited for such structure, building or use, the parking requirements supplied for the addition shall include those spaces necessary to bring the structure, building or use as a whole into conformance with the requirements of this Chapter.
12. 
Existing parking. No parking area or parking space which exists at the time this Section becomes effective (April 23, 2015) or which subsequent thereto is provided for the purpose of complying with the provisions of this Chapter shall thereafter be relinquished or reduced in any manner below the requirements established by this Chapter.
13. 
Maintenance of parking facilities. Any persons operating or owning a parking lot shall keep it free, as may be practical, of dust, loose particles, trash, debris and broken glass and shall promptly remove the snow and ice from the surface of the parking lot. Such persons shall also keep all adjacent sidewalks free from dirt, ice, sleet and snow and shall keep the sidewalks in a safe condition for use by pedestrians. All signs, markers, striping or any other methods used to indicate direction of traffic movement and location of parking spaces shall be maintained in a neat and legible condition. Likewise any walls, landscaping, including trees and shrubbery, as well as surfacing and curbing of the parking lot, shall be maintained in good condition throughout its use for parking purposes, and the Board of Aldermen shall have the authority to prohibit the use of the area for parking purposes unless and until proper maintenance, repair or rehabilitation is completed, including the replacement of any landscaping material which may die from time to time, or the failure of the landscape irrigation or surface drainage system within the parking area to be properly maintained.
14. 
Shared parking. Notwithstanding the parking requirements set out in Subsection (F) of this Section, the number of parking spaces may be reduced by up to twenty percent (20%), at the discretion of the Planning Commission, if the developer demonstrates that the parking required is so located and designed such that shared parking within the proposed development meets the minimum requirements of this Section. A reduction in required parking shall not be permitted in those instances where the Planning Commission determines that there is a potential for changes in use, over the short term, creating a change in the basic mixture of uses upon which the justification for shared parking is based. Adequate data shall be provided upon the site development plan relating to the request. For the purposes of this Section, the City may require a professionally prepared survey, conducted under replicable conditions, which yield a statistically significant result.
F. 
Schedule Of Required Parking Spaces.
1. 
Residential and lodging uses.
a. 
Dwellings.
1) 
Single-family. Two (2) parking spaces per dwelling unit.
2) 
Two-family. Two (2) parking spaces per dwelling unit.
3) 
Multi-family. Two and one-half (2 1/2) parking spaces per dwelling unit.
4) 
Mobile home. Two (2) parking spaces per dwelling unit.
5) 
City authorized emergency dwelling. Two (2) parking spaces per dwelling unit.
b. 
Dormitories or group homes. One (1) space for every two (2) beds plus one (1) space for every one hundred (100) square feet of floor area.
c. 
Motel/hotel. One (1) space per guest room plus one (1) space per every two (2) employees.
d. 
Rooming or boarding house. One (1) space for each guest room, but no fewer then two (2) total spaces.
2. 
Commercial uses.
a. 
Indoor retail uses. Six (6) spaces for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area, except as otherwise herein noted.
b. 
Personal service uses. Five (5) spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area, except as otherwise herein noted.
c. 
General offices. Five (5) spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area.
d. 
Financial institutions. Five (5) spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area plus one (1) space for each automatic teller unit. In addition, where the use involves drive-up banking, three (3) stacking spaces shall be provided for each drive-up window or delivery station.
e. 
Automobile, truck, recreational vehicle, and equipment sales and services facility. One (1) parking space per three thousand (3,000) square feet of open sales lot area devoted to the sale, display or rental of said vehicles or equipment; or two (2) spaces for every one thousand (1,000) square feet of interior showroom, whichever is greater; plus three (3) spaces for every service bay in garage repair areas, as well as one (1) space for every two (2) employees on the maximum shift.
f. 
Automobile service station. One (1) space for each fuel dispenser nozzle plus three (3) spaces for each service bay or similar facility plus one (1) space for each vehicle used directly in conduct of the business or stored on the premises, as well as one (1) space for every two (2) employees on the maximum shift.
g. 
Automobile, truck, recreational vehicle quick repair facility. Three (3) spaces for each service bay or similar facility plus one (1) space for each vehicle used directly in conduct of the business or stored on the premises. Parking for employees is to be one (1) space for every two (2) employees on the maximum work shift.
h. 
Car wash — mechanical. Ten (10) customer parking spaces plus stacking area five (5) times the capacity of the car wash.
i. 
Car wash — self-service. Two (2) stacking spaces for each car washing stall and two (2) drying spaces for each car washing stall.
j. 
Clubs, lodges. Spaces equivalent to the combined requirements of the uses being conducted, such as hotel, restaurant, auditorium, etc.
k. 
Day care. One (1) space for every ten (10) seats in the main assembly room or two (2) spaces for every classroom, whichever is greater, plus one (1) space for every employee on the maximum work shift.
l. 
Funeral homes, mortuaries. One (1) space for every four (4) seats in the auditorium or chapel with a minimum of thirty (30) spaces being provided.
m. 
General contracting services. Four (4) spaces for every one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area plus two (2) spaces for every three (3) employees on the maximum shift plus one (1) space for every vehicle customarily used in operation of the use or stored upon the property.
n. 
Research facilities and laboratories. Four (4) spaces for every one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area up to fifty thousand (50,000) square feet plus two (2) spaces for every one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area over fifty thousand (50,000) square feet.
o. 
Restaurants and liquor by the drink establishments without drive-through or carry-out facilities. Sixteen (16) spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of seating area plus two (2) spaces for every three (3) employees on the maximum shift.
p. 
Restaurants and liquor by the drink establishments with drive-through or carry-out facilities. Sixteen (16) spaces for every one thousand (1,000) square feet of seating area plus two (2) spaces for every three (3) employees on the maximum shift. There will be ten (10) stacking spaces for each drive-in window or delivery station.
q. 
Vehicle storage lots. Two (2) spaces for every three (3) employees on the maximum shift plus one (1) space for every vehicle customarily used in the conduct of the business or stored upon the premises.
r. 
Veterinary clinics, animal hospitals, kennels. Four (4) spaces for every doctor plus one (1) space for every additional employee.
3. 
Industrial and transportation related uses.
a. 
Manufacturing plants. One (1) space for every employee on the maximum shift plus one (1) space for every vehicle utilized in the operation and stored on the property and two (2) guest spaces.
b. 
Storage warehouses/distribution center or similar use. One (1) space for every employee on the maximum work shift plus one (1) vehicle utilized in the operation and stored on the property and two (2) guest spaces.
c. 
Terminal (air, bus, railroad, truck and heliport). One (1) space for every two hundred (200) square feet of lobby area plus two (2) spaces for every three (3) employees on the maximum shift plus one (1) space for every vehicle used in the operation of the use or stored on the premises.
d. 
Storage or extraction of raw materials. Two (2) spaces for every three (3) employees on the maximum shift plus one (1) space for every vehicle used in the operation of the use or stored on the premises.
e. 
Automobile, truck, recreational vehicle, machinery, quick repair facility. Three (3) spaces for each service bay or similar facility plus one (1) space for each vehicle used directly in conduct of the business or stored on the premises. Parking for employees is to be one (1) space for every two (2) employees on the maximum work shift.
[Ord. No. 872 §II, 2-11-2016]
4. 
Cultural and recreational uses.
a. 
Amusement parks. One (1) square foot of parking for each square foot of public activity area.
b. 
Athletic fields. Thirty (30) spaces for every diamond or athletic field or one (1) space for every eight (8) seats, whichever is greater. (One (1) seat is equal to two (2) feet of bench length.)
c. 
Auditoriums, gymnasium, stadium, arena, convention hall, community center, theaters, meeting rooms and places for public assembly (except as noted herein). One (1) space for every four (4) seats or one (1) space for every fifty (50) square feet gross floor area when there is no fixed seating. One (1) space for every employee on the maximum shift.
d. 
Bowling alleys. Five (5) spaces for every alley.
e. 
Camping. One (1) for every campsite.
f. 
Fairgrounds. Sufficient open land convertible to parking such that no vehicle need be parked on any street.
g. 
Golf courses. One (1) per five (5) members or five (5) spaces per hole if open to the public.
h. 
Miniature golf courses. Two (2) spaces per hole plus one (1) space for each two (2) employees on the maximum work shift.
i. 
Golf driving ranges. One (1) space for every tee and one (1) space for every two (2) employees on the maximum work shift.
j. 
Handball, racquetball courts. Two (2) spaces for every court and one (1) space for every two (2) employees on the maximum work shift.
k. 
Ice and roller rinks. One (1) space for every one hundred (100) square feet of skating area or playing surface with a minimum of fifty (50) spaces for every playing field.
l. 
Indoor soccer. Fifty (50) spaces for every playing field plus one (1) space for every three (3) seats of spectator seating plus two (2) spaces for every three (3) employees on the maximum shift.
m. 
Parks, playgrounds, picnic grounds. Space equivalent to one percent (1%) of the total land area. Parking area available along park roads or private drives internal to the use may be used to fulfill this requirement.
n. 
Racetracks. One (1) space for every four (4) seats. One (1) for every two (2) employees on the maximum shift.
o. 
Retreats, having dormitories. One (1) space for every two (2) dormitory dwelling units plus two (2) spaces for every three (3) employees on the maximum shift plus one (1) space for every vehicle customarily used in operation of the use or stored on the premises.
p. 
Outdoor swimming pools. One (1) space for every one hundred (100) square feet of water area, subject to site plan approval.
q. 
Tennis courts. Four (4) spaces for every court.
5. 
Institutional uses.
a. 
Churches. One (1) space for every four (4) seats plus one (1) space for every vehicle customarily used in operation of the use or stored on the premises.
b. 
Fire stations. One (1) space for every employee on the maximum shift.
c. 
Group homes. Two (2) spaces for every three (3) beds plus one (1) space for every two (2) employees on the maximum shift.
d. 
Hospitals. Two (2) spaces for every three (3) beds plus one (1) space for every staff doctor and employee on the maximum shift.
e. 
Libraries, reading rooms. Five (5) spaces for every one thousand (1,000) square feet of gross floor area, one (1) space for every three (3) seats in an accessory auditorium, and two (2) spaces for every three (3) employees on the maximum shift.
f. 
Nursing homes. One (1) space for every five (5) beds, one (1) space for every self-care unit, and one (1) space for every two (2) employees on the maximum shift.
g. 
Police stations. One (1) space for every one (1) employee on the maximum shift plus one (1) space for every vehicle customarily used in operation of the use or stored on the premises, one (1) visitor space per one thousand (1,000) square feet.
h. 
Postal stations. Six (6) spaces for every customer service station, two (2) spaces for every three (3) employees on the maximum shift plus one (1) space for every vehicle customarily used in operation of the use or stored on the premises.
i. 
Schools, public and private, all grades and vocational. One (1) space for every faculty and staff member and one (1) space for every three (3) students over sixteen (16) years of age plus one (1) space per bus stored at the facility.
G. 
Schedule Of Off-Street Loading Spaces.
1. 
Offices and personal or community service establishments. One (1) loading space shall be provided for each such use, including schools, medical or dental clinics, auditoriums or clubs, etc., having greater than six thousand (6,000) square feet of gross floor space.
2. 
Industrial or commercial uses. Every building or use of land consisting of over three thousand (3,000) square feet of gross floor area designed or adaptable for retail business purposes or warehouse, wholesale or manufacturing use shall be provided with loading space as follows:
Total Gross Floor Area
(square feet)
Number of Loading Spaces Required
Up to 15,000
1
15,000 to 50,000
2
50,000 to 100,000
3
Each additional 100,000
1 additional space
3. 
Design criteria. Each loading space shall be not less than ten (10) feet in width and sixty (60) feet in length and shall have a height clear of obstructions of fourteen (14) feet. Loading spaces shall be surfaced with Portland or asphaltic concrete and designed to allow access to loading docks.
H. 
Disabled Parking Regulations.
1. 
Disabled parking spaces shall be provided in accordance with the following table:
Total Number of Parking Spaces Required
Minimum Number of Disabled Spaces Required
1 to 25
1
26 to 50
2
51 to 75
3
76 to 100
4
101 or more
5
plus one percent (1%) of the total number of spaces
In accordance with Section 301.143, RSMo., one (1) in every four (4) accessible spaces, but not less than one (1), shall be served by an access aisle a minimum of ninety-six (96) inches wide and shall be designated "lift van accessible only" with signs that meet the requirements of the Federal Americans with Disabilities Act, as amended, and any rules or regulations established pursuant thereto.
2. 
The disabled parking spaces shall meet the following requirements:
a. 
Parking spaces designated for physically disabled persons shall be at least ten (10) feet wide with a five (5) foot access aisle immediately adjacent thereto. Two (2) disabled parking spaces may share a common access aisle.
b. 
Van accessible disabled parking spaces shall be at least ten (10) feet wide with an eight (8) foot access aisle immediately adjacent thereto. Two (2) disabled parking spaces may share a common access aisle.
c. 
Parking spaces designated for physically disabled persons shall be located on the shortest possible accessible circulation route to an accessible entrance of the building. In separate parking structures or lots which do not serve a particular building, parking spaces for physically disabled persons shall be located on the shortest possible pedestrian route to an accessible pedestrian entrance of the parking facility.
d. 
Each parking space designated for physically disabled persons shall be provided with a sign, freestanding or attached to the building, bearing the international symbol of accessibility in white on a blue background. In addition, such freestanding sign must read "fifty dollars ($50.00) to three hundred dollars ($300.00) Fine" pursuant to H.B. 389 enacted by the State of Missouri. Non-conforming signs in use prior to August 28, 1997, may be used during the useful life of the sign so long as it is maintained in an appropriate manner as determined by the Community Development Director.
e. 
A parking area used for dead storage of new or used motor-driven vehicles held by a licensed franchise dealer, agent or manufacturer is exempt from this Section.