City of Florissant, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

Section 385.010 Definition.

[Code 1980 §5-1; CC 1990 §15-106; Ord. No. 5063, 9-11-1989]
The word "bicycle", as used in this Chapter, shall mean every device propelled by human power upon which any person may ride, having two (2) tandem wheels, either of which is twenty (20) inches in diameter or more, and shall also include every device propelled by human power upon which any person may ride, having three (3) wheels, one (1) of which is twenty (20) inches in diameter or more.

Section 385.020 Applicability of Traffic Regulations To Persons Riding Bicycles.

[Code 1980 §5-3; CC 1990 §15-108]
Every person riding a bicycle upon a roadway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by the law of this State declaring rules of the road applicable to vehicles or by the provisions of this Title or other traffic ordinances of this City applicable to the driver of a vehicle, except as to special regulations in this Chapter and except as to those provisions of laws and ordinances which by their very nature can have no application.

Section 385.030 Manner of Riding — Generally.

[Code 1980 §5-5; CC 1990 §15-110]
A person propelling a bicycle shall not ride other than astride a permanent and regular seat attached thereto. No bicycle shall be used to carry more persons at one (1) time than the number for which it is designed and equipped.

Section 385.040 Riding On Roadways and Bicycle Paths.

[Code 1980 §5-6; CC 1990 §15-111]
Every person operating a bicycle upon a roadway shall ride as near to the right-hand side of the roadway as practicable, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction. Persons riding bicycles upon a roadway shall not ride more than two (2) abreast except on paths or parts of roadways set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles. Whenever a usable path for bicycles has been provided adjacent to a roadway, bicycle riders shall use such path and shall not use the roadway.

Section 385.050 Speed.

[Code 1980 §5-7; CC 1990 §15-112]
No person shall operate a bicycle at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the conditions then existing.

Section 385.060 Emerging From Alley, Driveway, Etc.

[Code 1980 §5-8; CC 1990 §15-113]
The operator of a bicycle emerging from an alley, driveway or building shall, upon approaching a sidewalk or the sidewalk area extending across any alleyway, yield the right-of-way to all pedestrians approaching on such sidewalk or sidewalk area and upon entering the roadway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on the roadway.

Section 385.070 Clinging To Vehicle.

[Code 1980 §5-9; CC 1990 §15-114]
No person riding upon any bicycle shall attach the bicycle or himself/herself to any vehicle upon a roadway.

Section 385.080 Carrying Articles.

[Code 1980 §5-10; CC 1990 §15-115]
No person operating a bicycle shall carry any package, bundle or article which prevents the rider from keeping at least one (1) hand upon the handlebars.

Section 385.090 Riding On Sidewalks.

[Code 1980 §5-11; CC 1990 §15-116]
No person shall ride a bicycle upon a sidewalk within a business district. The Chief of Police is authorized to erect signs on any sidewalk or roadway prohibiting the riding of bicycles thereon by any person, and when such signs are in place, no person shall disobey them; and no person fifteen (15) or more years of age shall ride a bicycle upon any sidewalk in any district. Whenever any person is riding a bicycle upon a sidewalk, such person shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian and shall give audible signal before overtaking and passing such pedestrian.

Section 385.100 Lamps, Signal Devices and Brakes.

[Code 1980 §5-12; CC 1990 §15-117; Ord. No. 6237, 3-8-1999]
A. 
Every bicycle when in use on a street or highway during the period from one-half (½) hour after sunset to one-half (½) hour before sunrise shall be equipped with the following:
1. 
A front-facing lamp on the front or carried by the rider which shall emit a white light visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway at five hundred (500) feet;
2. 
A rear-facing red reflector, at least two (2) square inches in reflective surface area, on the rear which shall be visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lower beams of vehicle headlights at six hundred (600) feet;
3. 
Reflective material and/or lights on any part of the bicyclist's pedals, crank arms, shoes or lower leg visible from the front and the rear at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at two hundred (200) feet; and
4. 
Reflective material and/or lights visible on each side of the bicycle or bicyclist and visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at three hundred (300) feet. The provisions of this Subsection shall not apply to motorized bicycles which comply with National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration regulations relating to reflectors on motorized bicycles.
B. 
Every bicycle and motorized bicycle shall be equipped with a brake or brakes which will enable its driver to stop the bicycle or motorized bicycle within twenty-five (25) feet from a speed of ten (10) miles per hour on dry, level, clean pavement.

Section 385.110 Responsibility of Parents and Guardians.

[Code 1980 §5-13; CC 1990 §15-118]
The parent of any child and the guardian of any ward under twenty-one (21) years of age shall not authorize or knowingly permit any such child or ward to violate any of the provisions of this Chapter.

Section 385.120 Applicability of Chapter.

[Code 1980 §5-14; CC 1990 §15-119]
All of the regulations applicable to bicycles, as set forth in this Chapter, shall apply whenever a bicycle is operated upon any street, alley, sidewalk or other public place and likewise upon any public path set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles, subject to such exceptions as may be stated in this Chapter.

Section 385.125 Bicycle Helmet Required.

[CC 1990 §16-368; Ord. No. 6913, 10-27-2003]
A. 
For purposes of this Section, the following words, terms and phrases shall have the following meanings:
BICYCLE
A human-powered vehicle with two (2) wheels in tandem designed to transport, by the act of pedaling, one (1) or more persons seated on one (1) or more saddle seats on the frame. Bicycle includes, but is not limited to, a human-powered vehicle designed to transport by the act of pedaling which has more than two (2) wheels when the vehicle is used on a public roadway, public bicycle path or other public road or right-of-way. This also includes a tricycle.
BICYCLE HELMET
A piece of headgear which meets or exceeds the impact standard for protective bicycle helmets set by the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission Federal safety standard, those developed by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the Snell Memorial Foundation or the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM).
IN-LINE SKATES — ROLLER SKATES
A pair of devices worn on the feet with a set of wheels attached, regardless of the number or placement of those wheels, and used to glide or propel the user over the ground.
OPERATOR
A person under the age of seventeen (17) who travels on a bicycle or tricycle seated on a saddle seat from which that person is intended to and can pedal the bicycle. This includes wearers of roller blades or roller skates, users of skateboards and scooters.
OTHER PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY
Any right-of-way other than a public roadway, public bicycle path or sidewalk that is under the jurisdiction and control of the State or the City of Florissant.
PASSENGER
Any person under the age of seventeen (17) who travels in a motor vehicle in any manner except as a driver; and any person who travels on a bicycle in any manner except as the operator.
PUBLIC BICYCLE PATH
A right-of-way under the jurisdiction and control of the State or the City of Florissant for use primarily by bicyclists and pedestrians.
SKATEBOARD
A set of wheels attached to a platform or flat surface, regardless of the number or placement of those wheels, and used to glide or propel the user over the ground.
B. 
Bicycle Helmet Required.
1. 
Every person under the age of seventeen (17) operating or being a passenger on a bicycle or using in-line skates, roller skates, a skateboard or a scooter on a public roadway, public bicycle path, in any park or public right-of-way, shall wear a bicycle helmet of good fit, fastened securely upon the head with the straps of the helmet.
2. 
No person under the age of seventeen (17) operating a bicycle on a public roadway, public path, in any park or public right-of-way shall allow anyone to ride as a passenger unless the passenger is wearing a bicycle helmet as defined in this Chapter; or else is in an enclosed trailer or other device which meets or exceeds current nationally recognized standards of design and manufacture for the protection of the passenger's head from impacts in an accident without the need for a helmet.
3. 
No person under the age of seventeen (17) operating a bicycle on a public roadway, public bicycle path, in any park or public right-of-way shall allow anyone who is either four (4) years old or younger, weighing forty (40) pounds or less, to ride as a passenger on the bicycle, other than in a seat, which shall adequately retain the passenger in place and protect the passenger from the bicycle's moving parts in accordance with standards set up by the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission Federal safety standard, those developed by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the Snell Memorial Foundation or the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM).

Section 385.130 Penalty For Violation.

Any person seventeen (17) years of age or older who violates any provision of this Chapter is guilty of an ordinance violation and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than five dollars ($5.00) nor more than twenty-five dollars ($25.00). If any person under seventeen (17) years of age violates any provision of this Chapter in the presence of a Police Officer, said officer may impound the bicycle or motorized bicycle involved for a period not to exceed five (5) days upon issuance of a receipt to the child riding it or to its owner.