Township of West Manheim, PA
York County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

§ 270-192 General requirements.

A. 
The facilities required herein shall be available to patrons throughout the hours of operation of the particular business or use for which such facilities are provided. As used herein, the term "parking space" includes either covered garage space or uncovered parking space located off the public right-of-way.
B. 
Unless determined to be unnecessary by the Township Engineer, parking spaces and approaches thereto shall be paved in accordance with Article V of Chapter 235, Subdivision and Land Development, and/or any applicable Township construction and materials specifications.
C. 
All multifamily, commercial, public/semipublic, institutional and industrial uses shall provide handicapped parking spaces in accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act[1] Accessibilities Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities developed by the United States Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. The applicant shall certify in writing or plan note that a zoning permit application and/or subdivision and/or land development plan complies with all relevant ADA requirements.
[1]
Editor's Note: See 42 U.S.C. § 12101 et seq.
D. 
In the Residential and Suburban Residential Zoning Districts, no part of any minimum front yard setback shall be used for parking purposes, except that the driveway area located within the front yard setback may be used for off-street parking.
E. 
For nonresidential uses, parking may be permitted no closer than 15 feet from the street right-of-way line.
F. 
The parking of any nonmotorized vehicle (including boats and trailers) or any motorized vehicle not having a current and valid registration and inspection certificate is prohibited within any street right-of-way.
G. 
Parking shall be calculated for each individual use.

§ 270-193 Off-street parking requirements.

Any of the following permitted uses or buildings hereafter established, erected or enlarged; any use or building hereafter converted into one or more of the following uses; and any open space hereafter used shall be provided with not less than the minimum off-street parking spaces as set forth below, together with adequate access drives, driveways or other means of circulation and access to and from a street right-of-way. However, in no case shall the minimum number of off-street parking spaces be less than two.

§ 270-194 Location and management requirements.

A. 
Existing parking. Buildings and uses existing on the effective date of this chapter shall not be subject to the requirements of this article, provided that:
(1) 
The type or extent of use is not changed.
(2) 
Any parking facility now serving such structures or uses shall not in the future be reduced.
B. 
Change in requirements. Whenever there is an alteration of a building or a change or extension of a use that increases the parking requirements, the additional parking required for the alteration, change or extension shall be provided in accordance with the requirements of this article.
C. 
Conflict with other uses. No parking area shall be used for any use that interferes with its availability for the parking need it is required to serve.
D. 
Continuing obligation. All required parking facilities shall be provided and maintained so long as the use exists which the facilities were designed to serve. Reasonable precautions are to be taken by the property owner or business owner to assure the availability of required facilities for the employees or other persons for whom the parking areas are designed to serve. The property owner or business owner shall ensure that the parking area at no time constitutes a nuisance, hazard or unreasonable impediment to traffic.
E. 
Drainage, surfacing and maintenance.
(1) 
The area of parking lots where there is no truck traffic, including driveways, shall be graded, surfaced with a paved, dust-free surface, and drained in accordance with the standards set forth in Article V of Chapter 235, Subdivision and Land Development, and/or any applicable Township construction and materials specifications.[1]Alternate pavement sections, including concrete, can be considered if properly designed and then approved by the Township Engineer.
[1]
Editor's Note: See also Ch. 105, Construction and Materials Specifications.
(2) 
Parking areas shall be kept clean and free from rubbish and debris.
(3) 
In all cases, such drainage, surfacing and maintenance activities and plans shall conform to other applicable Township codes and ordinances.
F. 
Ghost parking. Ghost parking, which shall include areas of required parking facilities that may remain unpaved, leveled and stabilized in a grass condition, but that also may be constructed with other pervious surfaces acceptable to the Township Engineer and/or as provided in Article V of Chapter 235, Subdivision and Land Development, and/or any applicable Township construction and materials specifications,[2] so as to provide for overflow parking for other, seasonal or event peak times, shall be permitted subject to the following:
(1) 
The applicant shall submit a plan showing all required parking spaces, aisles and/or accessways, landscaping and buffer areas, designed in strict conformance with all other requirements of Article XX of this chapter; and
(a) 
All those parking-related improvements and facilities that are to be constructed.
(b) 
All ghost parking spaces which shall be delineated on the plan and designated as "reserved for future use," required to meet the minimum number of required parking spaces but otherwise not to be constructed in full compliance with the requirements of this chapter.
(2) 
Ghost parking spaces shall not exceed 20% or more of the minimum required parking spaces.
(3) 
All areas designated as ghost parking shall not count toward any open space requirements.
(4) 
The applicant shall enter into an agreement with the Township agreeing to design and construct all parking-related improvements, including all related stormwater management improvements, which have not been previously constructed within six months of notification from the Township. Such agreement shall be in a form acceptable to the Township Solicitor.
[2]
Editor's Note: See also Ch. 105, Construction and Materials Specifications.
G. 
Computation of spaces. Where the computation of required parking spaces results in a fractional number, any fraction shall be counted as one full space.
H. 
Location of spaces.
(1) 
Every required parking space shall be designed so that each motor vehicle may proceed to and from the parking space provided for it without requiring the moving of any other vehicle, except for spaces serving single-family or two-family dwellings.
(2) 
Backing onto a street right-of-way. No parking area shall be designed to require or encourage parked vehicles to back into a public street right-of-way in order to leave a parking space, except for a single-family or two-family dwelling with its access onto a local street right-of-way or parking court. In any event, parking spaces may back onto an alley.
(3) 
Parking spaces for a multifamily dwelling building(s) and nonresidential uses (except agricultural and forestry uses) shall be readily accessible to the building(s) served. Such space shall be in the same zoning district as the principal building or use, and conform to the following requirements:
(a) 
Required parking spaces shall be located within 100 feet of the principal building or use when located on the same side of the street.
(b) 
Required parking spaces shall be located within 300 feet of the principal building or use when linked to a pedestrian trail or sidewalk when located on the same side of the street.
(c) 
Fifty percent of the required parking spaces may be located across a collector or local street with the following conditions:
[1] 
Crosswalks shall be provided in order to ensure safe pedestrian access to and from the parking area.
[2] 
Safety lighting shall be provided at the crosswalk to illuminate the cross area when the parking area is used in early morning or at night.
[3] 
A pedestrian crossing sign in accordance with the most recent versions of PennDOT Publications 68 and 236 shall be provided on each side of the road.
[4] 
Parking lots located across a street shall be safe for pedestrian use. To ensure safety, the design of the crosswalk shall consider the speed limit, sight distance, visibility, road conditions and other safety factors. In the event that the crosswalk is deemed to be unsafe, the Zoning Officer shall not permit parking areas across a street.
[5] 
In the event that the crosswalk becomes a safety hazard due to increased traffic, adjacent development, the change of street classification or other circumstances that will affect pedestrian safety, the parking lot shall be abandoned. It is the responsibility of the applicant to provide and secure an alternative location for the parking spaces that were lost due to the abandonment.
(d) 
The distances specified herein shall be measured from the nearest point of the parking lot to the nearest point of the principal building or use that the parking lot is required to serve.
(4) 
The applicant for a zoning permit or use certificate shall submit, with his application, a legal document approved by the Township Solicitor that subjects such parcels of land to parking uses in connection with the principal use to which it is accessory. Prior to the issuance of a zoning permit, the Zoning Officer shall cause such legal documents to be recorded in the office of the York County Recorder of Deeds.
I. 
Lighting.
(1) 
All public parking lots shall be adequately lighted during nighttime and early morning operating hours.
(2) 
Any lighting used to illuminate off-street parking or loading areas shall be in accordance with Article XXVI of this chapter.
J. 
Landscaping. Landscaping for all parking lots shall be provided for in accordance with Article V of Chapter 235, Subdivision and Land Development.
K. 
Trees.
(1) 
Standards for shade trees for parking areas shall be provided in accordance with Chapter 235, Subdivision and Land Development.
(2) 
Contiguous properties. When a parking lot abuts any property within the Residential and Suburban Residential Zoning Districts, or any property used principally for residential purposes, Level 2 screening in accordance with Part 10 of this chapter shall be provided along the entire property line abutting the residential zone/property.
L. 
Maintenance. Maintenance of parking lot landscaping shall be in accordance with Part 10 of this chapter.

§ 270-195 Design standards.

A. 
The minimum dimensions of parking facilities to be provided shall be as follows.
(1) 
In all zoning districts, noncompact parking spaces (nonparking lot) per vehicle shall be not less than 10 feet wide and 20 feet long.
[Amended 4-20-2010 by Ord. No. 2-2010]
(2) 
Parking lot space and aisle dimensions shall not be less than those listed in the following table:
[Amended 4-20-2010 by Ord. No. 2-2010]
Parking
Aisle Width
Angle of Parking
(degrees)
Stall Width
(feet)
Stall Depth*
(feet)
One-Way
(feet)
Two-Way
(feet)
90°
10
20
25
25
60°
10
20
24
24
45°
10
20
18
24
30°
10
19
16
24
Parallel
9
22
16
20
NOTES:
*
Depth of parking space is the measurement from the curb or edge of the parking space toward the interior portion of the space to be occupied by a parked vehicle and not including any part of the aisle or driveway.
(3) 
All dead-end parking lots shall be designed to provide sufficient backup area for the end parking spaces of the parking area. This shall include designing the end spaces to prevent backing up into an aisle, other than the one on which the end space directly accesses.
(4) 
Where more than 10 parking spaces are required, a maximum of 40% of the parking spaces may be provided for compact vehicles. Each compact parking space shall be not less than eight feet wide by 17 feet long. All compact parking spaces shall be located in the same area and be marked to indicate spaces designated for compact parking.
(5) 
Trucks and trailers.
(a) 
A turning movement analysis for truck traffic flow on site shall be provided for all sites proposing truck parking.
(b) 
Where truck parking spaces or trailer parking spaces are provided and/or required, parking space and aisle dimensions shall not be less than listed in the following table:
Parking
Aisle Width
Angle of Parking
(degrees)
Stall Width
(feet)
Stall Depth*
(feet)
One-Way
(feet)
Two-Way
(feet)
90°
12
60
75
75
60°
12
60
56
60
45°
12
60
41
60
30°
12
60
36
60
NOTES:
*
Depth of parking space is the measurement from the curb or edge of the parking space toward the interior portion of the space to be occupied by a parked vehicle and not including any part of the aisle or driveway.
B. 
Setbacks for parking areas shall be provided as follows:
(1) 
All parking spaces and access drives shall be located at least 10 feet from any multifamily dwelling building(s) and other nonresidential uses (except agricultural and forestry uses) located on the lot. The ten-foot setback between the parking area and building shall be for the purpose of providing a pedestrian access walkway and perimeter landscaping.
(2) 
All parking spaces and access drives shall be at least eight feet from any side or rear lot line, except where buffer yards are required, in which case the standards set forth in Article XXIII of this chapter shall apply. The required setback shall not include screening.
(3) 
No off-street parking area shall be located within a public right-of-way.
C. 
Curbing. Curbing is important for safe and efficient parking areas.
(1) 
Curbing within a parking lot may be required in a land development if determined necessary by the Township Engineer to:
(a) 
Channelize and control vehicular movement in a safe manner through the parking area.
(b) 
Direct stormwater and drainage within the parking area.
(c) 
Define parking areas.
(d) 
Delineate and/or protect perimeter and interior landscaped areas from vehicles.
(e) 
Separate vehicle movement from pedestrian movement as necessary for safety.
(2) 
When required, curbing shall be constructed in accordance with Article V of Chapter 235, Subdivision and Land Development, and/or any applicable Township construction and materials specifications.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See also Ch. 105, Construction and Materials Specifications.
(3) 
Construction specifications for curbing to be installed in parking areas shall be submitted with the land development application.
(4) 
Where curbs are provided in a parking lot, the minimum curb radii shall be five-foot radius curvature and shall be required for all curblines. However, larger curb radii may be designed when necessary for trucks, buses, and similar large vehicles.
D. 
Delineation of off-street parking spaces. All paved off-street parking space shall be marked with paint or other methods so as to indicate their location.

§ 270-196 Prohibited uses of parking lot.

Automobile parking lots are for the sole purposes of accommodating the passenger vehicles of persons associated with the use that requires them. Parking lots shall not be used for the following:
A. 
The sale, display or storage of automobiles or other merchandise;
B. 
Parking/storage of vehicles accessory to the use;
C. 
Performing services (including services to vehicles);
D. 
Loading and unloading purposes, except during hours when business operations are suspended;
E. 
Temporary storage units and waste disposal (e.g., pallets, cardboard); or
F. 
Recreational vehicle parking (when occupants not in store).

§ 270-197 Schedule of required parking spaces.

[Amended 4-20-2010 by Ord. No. 2-2010]
Except as provided in § 270-198, pertaining to shared parking, the following table lists required numbers of parking spaces by use type. Any use involving a combination of several uses shall provide the total number of spaces required for each individual use:
Type of Use
Minimum Number of Parking Spaces
Agricultural and Forestry Uses
Agribusiness
1 per nonresident farm employee
Agriculture, (excluding agribusiness)
1 per nonresident farm employee
Forestry
1 per employee
Greenhouse or horticultural nursery
1 per 1,000 square feet of retail sales area
Nature preserve and wildlife sanctuary
1 for each acre devoted to the use
Riding school
1 for every 2 stalls, plus 1 per every 4 seats of spectator seating
Residential Uses
Apartment conversion
3 per each dwelling unit
Dwelling, multifamily
3.5 per dwelling unit. Of these spaces, at least 2 must be provided on the same individual lot as the principal dwelling unit, and the remaining 1.5 may be provided within common parking lots, provided all spaces required are within 300 feet of the unit served. In addition, for developments containing more than 6 multifamily dwellings there shall be provided off-street parking/storage space for boats, travel trailers, tent campers, and trailers used to transport recreation vehicles. Such space shall be provided at a minimum rate of 100 square feet per dwelling unit and shall be placed at only 1 location which is no less than 50 feet from any dwelling unit. Such storage space shall be screened from all dwellings.
Dwelling, single-family detached
3 per dwelling unit
Dwelling, single-family semidetached
4.5 per dwelling unit. Such parking spaces can take the form of private driveways or garages and/or common parking lots. Of these spaces, at least 3 must be provided on the same individual lot as the principal dwelling unit, and the remaining 1.5 may be provided within common parking lots, provided all spaces required are within 300 feet of the unit served. In addition, for developments containing more than 6 two-family, single-family attached and/or multifamily dwellings, there shall be provided off-street parking/storage space for boats, travel trailers, tent campers, and trailers used to transport recreation vehicles. Such space shall be provided at a minimum rate of 100 square feet per dwelling unit and shall be placed at only 1 location that is no less than 50 feet from any dwelling unit. Such storage space shall be screened from all dwellings.
Dwelling, single-family attached
4.5 per dwelling unit. Such parking spaces can take the form of private driveways or garages and/or common parking lots. Of these spaces, at least 3 must be provided on the same individual lot as the principal dwelling unit, and the remaining 1.5 may be provided within common parking lots, provided all spaces required are within 300 feet of the unit served. In addition, for developments containing more than 6 two-family, single-family attached and/or multifamily dwellings, there shall be provided off-street parking/storage space for boats, travel trailers, tent campers, and trailers used to transport recreation vehicles. Such space shall be provided at a minimum rate of 100 square feet per dwelling unit and shall be placed at only 1 location that is no less than 50 feet from any dwelling unit. Such storage space shall be screened from all dwellings.
Dwelling, two-family
3 per dwelling unit
Group home
2 per dwelling unit, plus 1 per each employee
Mobile home park
See Part 7
Two-family conversions
2 per dwelling unit
Age-restricted housing
Total required parking to be determined via the sum total of the combination of several uses providing the total number of spaces required for each individual use.
Institutional Uses
Cemeteries
1 per employee
Club room, club grounds and meeting halls
1 for every 200 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 per each employee on 2 largest shifts (i.e., sum total of all employees on the 2 largest shifts)
Hospital
1 for every 1 1/2 beds (i.e., 2 per 3 beds), plus 6 per doctor, plus 1 per employee support staff
Nursing, rest or retirement homes
1 for every 1 1/2 beds (i.e., 2 per 3 beds), plus 6 per doctor, plus 1 per employee support staff
Place of worship
1 for every 4 seats or 200 square feet of gross floor area, whichever is larger
Life-care community
Total required parking to be determined via the sum total of the combination of several uses providing the total number of spaces required for each individual use.
Public/Semipublic Uses
Emergency services
1 for every 400 square feet, plus 1 per stored vehicle
Essential services
1 for every 400 square feet, plus 1 per stored vehicle
Governmental facility or use other than Township-owned
1 for every 400 square feet of office space, plus 1 for every 50 square feet of assembly area, meeting room, conference, etc.
Museums, art galleries, cultural centers, community centers, libraries
1 for every 400 square feet of gross floor area
Municipal uses
1 for every 400 square feet of office space, plus 1 for every 50 square feet of assembly area, meeting room, conference, etc.
Parks and playgrounds
4 per acre or portion thereof
Other public uses
1 for every 400 square feet of office space, plus 1 for every 50 square feet of assembly area, meeting room, conference, etc.
Schools, private and public (below 10th grade, including kindergarten)
1 for every 6 students enrolled, plus 1 per teacher
Schools, private and public (10th grade and above, including colleges)
1 for every 3 students enrolled, plus 1 per teacher
School, vocational-mechanical trade
1 for every 1 1/2 students enrolled (i.e., 2 per 3 students)
Theater and auditorium, banquet, conference, and meeting facilities: and other such places of public assembly
1 for every 200 square feet, but not less than 1 per every 2 seats
Commercial Uses
Adult-related uses
1 for every 100 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 per each employee on the largest shift
Airport, heliport
1 for every 4 air vehicles stored outside
Animal hospitals
1 for every 400 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 per employee
Automobile or gasoline service stations
1 for every 400 square feet of gross floor and ground area devoted to repair and service facilities in addition to areas normally devoted to automobile storage, plus 1 per employee on the largest shift. Spaces at the gasoline pump(s) shall not count towards the parking requirement.
Automobile, mobile home, and similar motor vehicle sales
1 for every 1,000 square feet of gross floor area and ground area devoted to repair and service facilities
Automobile, mobile home, and similar motor vehicle repair/service
1 for every 1,000 square feet of gross indoor and outdoor display areas
Business and/or industry park
1 for every 200 square feet of gross floor area
Campgrounds
1 per campsite, plus 1 per employee, plus 1/2 of the spaces normally required for accessory uses listed elsewhere within this schedule
Automobile washing (car wash)
1 for each employee on the largest shift
Communication antenna, equipment building and tower
1 for each employee on the largest shift, but in no case less than 2 total spaces
Convenience stores
1 for every 200 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 per employee on the 2 largest shifts (i.e., sum total of all employees on the 2 largest shifts). Spaces at the gasoline pump(s) shall not count towards the parking requirement.
Day-care, commercial
1 for every 6 students enrolled, plus 1 per teacher
Farm-related businesses
1 for each employee, but not less than 4 spaces
Financial institutions
1 for every 200 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 per employee
Funeral homes
1 for every 100 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 per each employee, plus 1 per each piece mobile equipment, such as hearses and automobiles
Golf course
1 for each 1/8 hole (i.e., 8 per hole), plus 1 per employee, plus 1/2 of the spaces normally required for accessory uses listed elsewhere within this schedule
Health and fitness clubs
1 for every 100 square feet of gross floor area
Hotel
1 for each guest sleeping room, plus 1 per each employee on 2 largest shifts, (i.e., sum total of all employees on the 2 largest shifts), plus 3/4 of the spaces normally required for accessory uses listed elsewhere within this schedule
Indoor commercial recreational facilities
1 for every 200 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 for each employee
Indoor shooting range
1 for each 1/2 target (i.e., 2 per target), plus 1 per employee
Kennels
1 for every 400 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 per employee
Medical or dental clinic
1 for each 1/6 physician and/or dentist (i.e., 6 per physician and/or dentist)
Motel
1 for each guest sleeping room, plus 1 per each employee on 2 largest shifts (i.e., sum total of all employees on the 2 largest shifts), plus 3/4 of the spaces normally required for accessory uses listed elsewhere within this schedule
Nightclub
1 for every 100 square feet of floor area, plus 1 per employee on the largest shift
Office
1 for every 300 square feet of gross floor area
Other commercial buildings and uses
1 for every 400 square feet of gross floor area
Outdoor commercial recreation facilities
1 for every 200 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 for each employee; or if completely outside of a structure, 1 per each 3 users at maximum utilization, plus 1 for each employee
Outdoor shooting range
1 for each 1/2 target (i.e., 2 per target), plus 1 per employee
Personal service business
1 for every 300 square feet of gross floor area
Restaurant, drive-through
1 for every 2 seats, plus 1 per each employee on the 2 largest shifts (i.e., sum total of all employees on the 2 largest shifts) or if no seating is provided, 1 per 60 square feet of gross floor area, but with a minimum of 10 spaces
Restaurant, fast-food
1 for every 2 seats, plus 1 per each employee on the 2 largest shifts (i.e., sum total of all employees on the 2 largest shifts)
Restaurant
1 space for every 2 seats, plus 1 space per each employee on the 2 largest shifts (i.e., sum total of all employees on the 2 largest shifts)
Retail store or shop
1 space for every 200 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 space per each employee on 2 largest shifts (i.e., sum total of all employees on the 2 largest shifts)
School, commercial
1 space for every 2 students enrolled, plus 1 space per teacher
Shopping center
1 space for every 200 square feet of gross floor area
Tavern
1 space for every 100 square feet of floor area, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift
Veterinarian's offices
1 space for every 500 square feet of gross floor area
Recreation Uses
Amusement arcades
1 space for every 80 square feet of gross floor area
Athletic fields
1 space for every 4 seats of spectator seating; however, if no spectator seating is provided, a temporary parking area shall be provided on the site. Such area must provide sufficient numbers of spaces to serve all users of the site, and include a fence delineating such parking area
Bowling alleys, billiards rooms
1 space for each 1/4 lane/table (i.e., 4 per lane/table) and 1 per every 2 employees
Golf driving ranges
1 per tee and 1 per employee
Miniature golf courses
1 for each 1/2 hole (i.e., 2 per hole) and 1 per employee
Picnic areas
1 space per table
Skating rinks
1 space for every 4 persons of legal occupancy
Swimming pools (other than 1 accessory to a residential development)
1 space for every 4 persons of legal occupancy
Tennis or racquetball clubs
1 space for each 1/4 court (i.e., 4 spaces per court) plus 1 per employee plus 50% of the spaces normally required for accessory uses
Industrial Uses
Heavy industrial uses
1 for each employee on each of the 2 largest shifts (i.e., sum total of all employees on the 2 largest shifts), or 1 per employee and at least 1 per every 1,000 square feet of gross floor area, whichever is the greatest number
Junkyards
1 for each 1/2 acre, plus 1 per employee
Light industrial uses including the manufacturing, assembling, converting, finishing, processing, packaging, storage, wholesaling and repair (where applicable) of the following:
1 for each employee on each of the 2 largest shifts (i.e., sum total of all employees on the 2 largest shifts), or 1 per employee and at least 1 per every 1,000 square feet of gross floor area, whichever is the greatest number
Mini storage/self-storage facility
1 for every 25 units, plus 1 per 250 square feet of office space, plus 2 per any resident manager
Mineral extraction and recovery operation
1 for each employee on the largest shift
Sawmills and lumberyards
1 for each employee on the largest shift
Solid waste disposal and/or processing facilities
1 for each employee on the largest shift, or 1 for every 1,000 square feet of gross floor area, whichever is greater
Warehousing and wholesale trade establishments
1 for every 1,000 square feet of gross floor area of the building up to 20,000 square feet, plus 1 for every 2,000 square feet gross floor area of the building up to between 20,000 square feet and 40,000 square feet, plus 1 for every 3,000 square feet of gross floor area of the building in excess of 40,000 square feet. In addition to the off-street parking requirements and when there are 10 or more loading berths provided, trailer parking spaces shall be provided at 1 trailer parking space for every 4 loading berths.
Accessory Uses
Accessory uses customarily incidental to the permitted uses
According to spaces normally required for similar type or accessory uses listed elsewhere within this schedule
Bed-and-breakfast inns
1 per sleeping room, plus 1 for each 1/2 dwelling unit (i.e., 2 per dwelling unit)
Day care, accessory
1 for each 1/2 dwelling unit (i.e., 2 per dwelling unit), plus 1 space per each nonresident employee
Day care, family
1 for each 1/2 dwelling unit (i.e., 2 per dwelling unit), plus 1 per each nonresident employee
ECHO housing
Per ECHO housing unit
Farm occupations
1 for each 1/2 dwelling unit (i.e., 2 per dwelling unit)
Home occupations
1 for each 1/2 dwelling unit (i.e., 2 per dwelling unit), plus 1 per each nonresident employee, plus 1 per potential patron on site at 1 time
No-impact home occupations
1 for each 1/2 dwelling unit (i.e., 2 per dwelling unit)
Roadside stand
1 for every 50 feet of gross floor area (minimum 2 spaces)
Rural occupations
1 for each 1/2 dwelling unit (i.e., 2 per dwelling unit), plus 1 per potential patron on site at 1 time

§ 270-198 Shared parking.

A. 
Shared off-street parking may be used between two or more uses to satisfy all or a portion of the minimum off-street parking requirements set forth in Article XX of this chapter.
B. 
Shared off-street parking is permitted between different categories of uses or uses with different hours of operation.
C. 
The use(s) for which the request is being made for shared parking shall be located within 800 feet of the off-street parking facility (surface parking lot or garage).
D. 
The reductions to parking permitted through shared use of off-street parking shall be determined as a percentage of the minimum required off-street parking requirements, as modified by the reductions permitted below.
E. 
An agreement providing for the shared use of off-street parking, executed by the parties involved, shall be filed with the application for development. Shared parking privileges shall continue in effect only as long as the agreement, binding on all parties, remains in force. If the agreement is no longer in force, parking shall be provided as otherwise required by Part 9.
F. 
Calculation of parking requirements for shared parking between different categories of uses, uses with different hours of operation, and uses of the same type.
(1) 
Shared off-street parking for different categories of uses.
(a) 
Establishments constituting different categories of use may share off-street parking as follows:
[1] 
If an office use and a retail sales and service use share off-street parking, the parking requirement for the retail sales and service use may be reduced by 20%, provided that the reduction shall not exceed the minimum parking requirement for the office use.
[2] 
If a residential use shares off-street parking with a retail sales and service use other than hotel and lodging uses, eating and drinking establishments or entertainment uses, the parking requirement for the residential use may be reduced by 30%, provided that the reduction does not exceed the minimum parking requirement for the retail sales and service use.
[3] 
If an office and a residential use share off-street parking, the parking requirement for the residential use may be reduced by 50%, provided that the reduction shall not exceed the minimum parking requirement for the office use.
(2) 
Shared off-street parking for uses with different hours of operation.
(a) 
For the purposes of this article, the following uses shall be considered daytime uses, operating anytime between the hours 7:01 a.m. and 5:59 p.m., Monday through Friday only:
[1] 
Offices.
[2] 
Retail sales and services, except restaurants, drive-in restaurants, fast-food restaurants, taverns, and other eating and drinking establishments, and/or health and fitness clubs and other entertainment uses.
[3] 
Other similar primarily daytime uses, as determined by the Zoning Officer.
(b) 
For the purposes of this article, the following uses shall be considered nighttime uses, operating anytime between the hours of 6:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m., and/or Saturday and Sunday uses:
[1] 
Places of worship and related use facility.
[2] 
Theaters, auditoriums, commercial recreation facilities and other indoor entertainment uses.
[3] 
Restaurants, drive-in restaurants, fast-food restaurants, taverns, and other eating and drinking establishments.
[4] 
Other similar primarily nighttime or Sunday uses, as determined by the Zoning Officer.
(c) 
The Zoning Officer may authorize the use of up to 90% of the required off-street parking for a daytime use to serve as the required parking provided for a nighttime or Sunday use and vice versa, except that this may be increased to 100% when the nighttime or Sunday use is a place of worship or related use facility. The applicant shall demonstrate that there is no substantial conflict in the principal operating hours of the uses for which the sharing of off-street parking is proposed.
(3) 
Shared off-street parking for uses of the same type.
(a) 
The Zoning Officer may authorize shared off-street parking arrangements between two or more commercial uses having the same or overlapping operating hours, allowing reductions in the total minimum number of required off-street parking spaces as follows:
[1] 
Up to a twenty-percent reduction in the total minimum number of required off-street parking spaces for four or more separate establishments.
[2] 
A fifteen-percent reduction in the total minimum number of required spaces for three establishments.
[3] 
A ten-percent reduction in the total minimum number of required spaces for two establishments.
(b) 
No reductions to the parking requirement shall be made if the proposed business establishments have previously received a reduction through the provisions for shared off-street parking under this section.
(c) 
The establishments for which the application is being made for shared off-street parking shall be located within 800 feet of the off-street parking facility. The off-street parking facility shall be located within the same zoning district.
(d) 
The reductions to parking requirements allowed through shared off-street parking and on-street parking spaces credited in this article shall be determined as a percentage of the minimum requirements as stated in § 270-197 of this chapter.
(e) 
New business establishments seeking to meet parking requirements by becoming part of an existing shared off-street parking arrangement shall provide the Zoning Officer with an amendment to the agreement stating their inclusion in the shared off-street parking facility or area.
G. 
Written agreement between property owners to share parking.
(1) 
Where an application for development for which shared parking is proposed includes two or more separately owned properties, and the Zoning Officer has made a determination of the minimum number of required parking spaces for each of the applicable properties and uses, the Zoning Officer shall require that the owners of the properties enter into a legal agreement with the Township guaranteeing access to, use of, and management of designated shared parking spaces. The agreement shall be in a recordable form approved by the Township Solicitor, included as a condition of the approval and enforceable by the Township.
(2) 
Where an application for a zoning permit for which shared parking is proposed includes two or more properties owned by the same property owner, and the Zoning Officer has made a determination of the minimum number of required parking spaces for the applicable properties and uses, the Zoning Officer shall require that the owner of the properties enter into a legal agreement with the Township guaranteeing access to, use of, and management of designated shared parking spaces. The agreement shall be in a recordable form acceptable to the Township, included as a condition of the approval and enforceable by the Township.
H. 
Shared parking plan.
(1) 
As part of the application for development, the Township may require an applicant who plans to incorporate shared off-street parking to submit a shared off-street parking plan. A shared parking plan includes one or more of the following:
(a) 
A site plan showing parking spaces intended for shared off-street parking and their proximity to the uses they will serve, as well as those on-street parking spaces abutting the frontage of the lots being developed.
(b) 
A signage plan that directs drivers to the most convenient off-street parking areas for each particular use or group of uses, if such distinctions can be made.
(c) 
A pedestrian circulation plan that shows connections and sidewalks between off-street parking areas, land uses and buildings.
(2) 
The shared off-street parking plan shall satisfy the following standards, as applicable:
(a) 
Shared off-street parking spaces for residential units must be located within 300 feet of the dwelling unit entrances they serve.
(b) 
Shared off-street parking spaces at nonresidential uses must be located within 500 feet of the principal building entrances of all shared uses. However, up to 20% of the spaces may be located more than 500 feet, but less than 1,000 feet, from the principal building entrances.
(c) 
Clearly delineated and direct pedestrian connections must be provided from the shared parking area(s) to the building entrances.
(d) 
Pedestrians shall not be required to cross an arterial street to access shared parking facilities, except at a signalized intersection along a clearly delineated pedestrian pathway.