City of Berkeley, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

Section 655.010 Scope.

Section 655.020 Self-Service Laundry and Dry Cleaner — Defined.

Section 655.030 Self-Service Dry Cleaning Device — Defined.

Section 655.040 License Required.

Section 655.050 Application.

Section 655.060 License Fee.

Section 655.070 Posting and Designation.

Section 655.080 Condition of Business Location.

Section 655.090 Refuse.

Section 655.100 Visibility to Outside.

Section 655.110 Lighting and Placement of Machinery.

Section 655.120 Coin-Changing Devices.

Section 655.130 Amusement Devices Prohibited.

Section 655.140 Height of Ceiling.

Section 655.150 Electrical Outlets — Not Available to Public.

Section 655.160 Water Heater or Softener Shall Be Inaccessible.

Section 655.170 Type and Design of Machines.

Section 655.180 Certain Size Machines Not to Be Used.

Section 655.190 Machine Doors Not to Open.

Section 655.200 Entry From Front Only.

Section 655.210 Dry-Cleaning Device to Be Vapor-Tight.

Section 655.220 Device Must Have Ventilation.

Section 655.230 Discharge Stack — Location.

Section 655.240 Solvents — Regulations for Use.

Section 655.250 Solvents for Dry Cleaning Devices.

Section 655.260 Storage of Solvents.

Section 655.270 Connection With Water Supply.

Section 655.280 Ventilation of Maintenance Equipment, Etc.

Section 655.290 Concentration of Solvent Not Permitted.

Section 655.300 Posting of Caution Signs.

Section 655.310 Inspection — When.

Section 655.320 Revocation of License.

Section 655.330 Manager in Charge — Age.

Section 655.340 Penalties.

Section 655.010 Scope.

[CC 1961 §21.01; Ord. No. 1345 §21.01, 7-2-1962]
This Chapter defines self-service dry cleaning and laundries containing dry cleaning equipment, and provides for the regulation, installation of equipment, maintenance and license therefor.

Section 655.020 Self-Service Laundry and Dry Cleaner — Defined.

[CC 1961 §21.02; Ord. No. 1345 §21.02, 7-2-1962]
A combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner shall be deemed any attended or unattended place, building, structure, room, establishment, or portion thereof available to the general public for the purpose of washing, drying, extracting moisture from, or dry cleaning wearing apparel, table, bed or other household linens, towels, curtains, draperies, rugs, blankets, or other materials through the use of coin-operated machines or devices.

Section 655.030 Self-Service Dry Cleaning Device — Defined.

[CC 1961 §21.03; Ord. No. 1345 §21.03, 7-2-1962]
A self-service dry cleaning device shall be construed to include and mean any device or apparatus for the cleaning of clothes or fabrics, and designed to be used or operated by any person or an employee of the owner thereof, which machine or device makes use of or contains perchlorethylene or any chemical solvent other than water.

Section 655.040 License Required.

[CC 1961 §21.04; Ord. No. 1345 §21.04, 7-2-1962]
No person shall engage in the business of operating any combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner, within the City without first obtaining a license to do so for each such establishment to be conducted by such person. Any person that shall engage in the business of a self-service laundry or self-service dry cleaning establishment without first procuring a license so to do, or while said license is under suspension, shall be fined not less than one dollar ($1.00) nor more than five hundred dollars ($500.00) for each offense, and each day, or fraction of a day, when such person shall maintain any such establishment without a license shall be construed as a separate and distinct offense.

Section 655.050 Application.

[CC 1961 §21.05; Ord. No. 1345 §21.05, 7-2-1962]
An application for said license shall be made in conformity with the general requirements of this Code relating to application for licenses. A separate application shall be made for each establishment where such business is to be engaged in by the applicant wherever located within the City, and such application shall describe the equipment to be installed and specify the drying cleaning solvent, if any, which is to be provided. Every such application shall be approved by the Director of Public Works and Fire Chief as to compliance of the premises named therein with the building provisions and fire regulations of this Code, respectively, before a license shall be issued.

Section 655.060 License Fee.

[CC 1961 §21.06; Ord. No. 1345 §21.06, 7-2-1962]
An annual license fee in lieu of any such other fee for each combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner license shall be based upon the aggregate number of washing machines, dryers, extractors and dry cleaning devices situated and maintained in any such establishment, and is to be as follows:
One dollar ($1.00) per year, per machine and merchant's license as provided by this Code.

Section 655.070 Posting and Designation.

[CC 1961 §21.07; Ord. No. 1345 §21.07, 7-2-1962]
Such license shall specify whether it be for a combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner or a self-service dry cleaning establishment, and shall be posted in a conspicuous place in the licensed establishment.

Section 655.080 Condition of Business Location.

[CC 1961 §21.08; Ord. No. 1345 §21.08, 7-2-1962]
Every store, room or place used as a combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner shall at all times be kept in good repair and maintained in a clean and sanitary condition as to floors, walls, ceilings, windows, woodwork, machines, utensils and fixtures. Such building shall not be occupied in part for or as a residence.

Section 655.090 Refuse.

[CC 1961 §21.09; Ord. No. 1345 §21.09, 7-2-1962]
Every owner, operator, manager or proprietor of a combination self-service laundry and self-service cleaner shall cause an appropriate refuse receptacle to be situated upon its premises in a location easily accessible to the patrons.

Section 655.100 Visibility to Outside.

[CC 1961 §21.10; Ord. No. 1345 §21.10, 7-2-1962]
No combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner shall be open to the general public unless the area therein accessible to the general public is visible from the outside thereof.

Section 655.110 Lighting and Placement of Machinery.

[CC 1961 §21.11; Ord. No. 1345 §21.11, 7-2-1962]
No combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner or self-service dry cleaning establishment shall be conducted or operated unless there be provided during its period of availability to the general public in all parts of such store, room or place available to the general public, and not directly obstructed by machines or other equipment, either natural light or artificial light of a least thirty (30) footcandles, as shown by an illuminameter test.

Section 655.120 Coin-Changing Devices.

[CC 1961 §21.12; Ord. No. 1345 §21.12, 7-2-1962]
Any coin-changing devices which may be situated within the confines of any combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner or self-service dry cleaning establishment shall be of a vault type and located in a position as conspicuous to the exterior vantage points thereof as may be practicable.

Section 655.130 Amusement Devices Prohibited.

[CC 1961 §21.13; Ord. No. 1345 §21.13, 7-2-1962]
No coin-operated music device or any amusement devices may be situated upon the premises of any combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner or self-service dry cleaning establishment.

Section 655.140 Height of Ceiling.

[CC 1961 §21.14; Ord. No. 1345 §21.14, 7-2-1962]
No combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner or self-service dry cleaning establishment shall be conducted in any storeroom or place in which the clear height between the ceiling and the finished floor is less than nine (9) feet, in which the temperature and humidity therein are such as might endanger the health of persons utilizing the facilities therein.

Section 655.150 Electrical Outlets — Not Available to Public.

[CC 1961 §21.15; Ord. No. 1345 §21.15, 7-2-1962]
No electrical outlets shall be made available for use by the general public in any combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner or self-service dry cleaning establishment.

Section 655.160 Water Heater or Softener Shall Be Inaccessible.

[CC 1961 §21.16; Ord. No. 1345 §21.16, 7-2-1962]
All facilities or mechanisms for the heating and softening of water, for the production of heat, for the operation of venting and cooling devices, for the operation and maintenance of dry cleaning devices and for the storage of dry cleaning solvents shall be inaccessible to the general public in every combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner or self-service dry cleaning establishment.

Section 655.170 Type and Design of Machines.

[CC 1961 §21.17; Ord. No. 1345 §21.17, 7-2-1962]
Every washing, extracting, drying or dry cleaning service which shall be installed or maintained in a combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner or self-service dry cleaning establishment shall be of a make, type or design having principal component parts which have been tested and approved by, and which bear the tested label of an organization nationally recognized as an authority on safety with respect to the type of device or part concerned.

Section 655.180 Certain Size Machines Not to Be Used.

[CC 1961 §21.18; Ord. No. 1345 §21.18, 7-2-1962]
No washing, drying or extracting device having a capacity rated by its manufacturer to be in excess of twenty-five (25) pounds of dry weight of materials, and no cleaning device so rated as having a capacity in excess of twelve (12) pounds dry weight of materials shall be installed or maintained in any combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner or self-service dry cleaning establishment.

Section 655.190 Machine Doors Not to Open.

[CC 1961 §21.19; Ord. No. 1345 §21.19, 7-2-1962]
Every dryer, extractor and dry cleaning device situated within any self-service laundry or self-service dry cleaning establishment shall be so designed that it be inoperable when the door thereof be open and, furthermore, every dry cleaning device so situated shall be so designed that its door cannot be opened during the course of its normal operating cycle, or upon an abnormal interruption thereof. Each dry cleaning machine shall be equipped with a transparent door or port to allow visual examination of the status of the cleaning cycle.

Section 655.200 Entry From Front Only.

[CC 1961 §21.20; Ord. No. 1345 §21.20, 7-2-1962]
Every dry cleaning device situated in such a combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner or self-service dry cleaning establishment shall be accessible to the general public from its front only.

Section 655.210 Dry-Cleaning Device to Be Vapor-Tight.

[CC 1961 §21.21; Ord. No. 1345 §21.21, 7-2-1962]
Every dry cleaning device situated in a combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner or self-service dry cleaning establishment shall have a fully automatic operation and be, while in operation, substantially vapor-tight with respect to the area accessible to the public therein, and be of such a design that its normal course of operation will be uninterrupted and will remove all significant amounts of the solvents utilized by it from the materials placed within it.

Section 655.220 Device Must Have Ventilation.

[CC 1961 §21.22; Ord. No. 1345 §21.22, 7-2-1962]
Every such device shall be equipped with a mechanical system of ventilation connected by way of vapor-tight conduits to the outside atmosphere, or to an efficient vapor reclaiming device, and so designed as to maintain automatically an air flow of at least one hundred (100) feet per minute fact velocity through its door whenever it be opened; and be it further provided that such system shall be the sole means by which vapors shall be allowed to escape from said dry cleaning device.

Section 655.230 Discharge Stack — Location.

[CC 1961 §21.23; Ord. No. 1345 §21.23, 7-2-1962]
The discharge stack for machines hereinafter installed and for the room in which the machines are located shall extend at least two (2) feet above the level of any window which can be opened within fifty (50) feet of the outlet of the stack, and shall be at least fifty (50) feet away from any fresh air intake leading to any premises.

Section 655.240 Solvents — Regulations for Use.

[CC 1961 §21.24; Ord. No. 1345 §21.24, 7-2-1962]
No solvent other than water may be used or provided in any combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner or self-service dry cleaning establishment except within a dry cleaning device, and no such solvent shall be flammable nor of a type other than that specified by the manufacturer thereof or have an established maximum allowable concentration of less than two hundred (200) parts per million for eight (8) hours of human exposure thereto.

Section 655.250 Solvents for Dry Cleaning Devices.

[CC 1961 §21.25; Ord. No. 1345 §21.25, 7-2-1962]
All such solvents shall be circulated to and removed from such dry cleaning devices by means of vapor-tight, corrosive-resistant conduits and emanate from tanks or other enclosures so designed as to prevent the escape therefrom of any significant amounts of solvent vapor and, furthermore, each unit of any such system shall be so designed that upon leakage of liquids therefrom, the product of such leakage shall be intercepted and contained in reservoirs having a capacity greater than the entire contents of such system.

Section 655.260 Storage of Solvents.

[CC 1961 §21.26; Ord. No. 1345 §21.26, 7-2-1962]
All such solvents stored upon the premises of any combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner or self-service dry cleaning establishment shall be contained in sealed metal containers.

Section 655.270 Connection With Water Supply.

[CC 1961 §21.27; Ord. No. 1345 §21.27, 7-2-1962]
Any connection of a dry cleaning machine with the water supply system must be equipped with an air-gap or vacuum breaker in the line upstream from the condenser, with no control valves downstream from such gap or breaker. Wastewater shall be discharged through an air-gap.

Section 655.280 Ventilation of Maintenance Equipment, Etc.

[CC 1961 §21.28; Ord. No. 1345 §21.28, 7-2-1962]
All equipment for the maintenance and operation of such dry cleaning devices shall be enclosed by partitions and be mechanically ventilated to the outside atmosphere by devices capable of evacuating against static pressure of .25 water inches from such partitioned area air-drawn from that part of the premises available to the public, which shall be provided with sufficient makeup air, in the following specified quantities:
Number of Machines Served By Equipment in Partitioned Area
Cubic Feet Per Minute Per Machine
1 to 3
250
4 to 8
200
9 to 16
150
17 or more
100
The operation of both this system of exhaust and the independent ventilation system of each dry cleaning machine, as required under Section 655.220 of this Chapter, shall be maintained at all times when any self-service dry cleaning establishment be open to the public and solvent is contained in the system concerned.

Section 655.290 Concentration of Solvent Not Permitted.

[CC 1961 §21.29; Ord. No. 1345 §21.29, 7-2-1962]
A concentration of such dry cleaning solvent in excess of forty (40) parts per million shall not be permitted to prevail in that part of any combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner or self-service dry cleaning establishment available to the public, nor shall there emanate therefrom vapors or odors which shall constitute a nuisance to any portion of the premises in which such establishment be located, nor to any adjoining or nearby premises. The operator of every combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner or self-service dry cleaning establishment shall cause the dry cleaning devices and related component facilities situated therein to be inspected at least once during each aggregate period of twenty-four (24) hours that said establishment be open to the public, and shall cause said mechanisms to be maintained in good working order.

Section 655.300 Posting of Caution Signs.

[CC 1961 §21.30; Ord. No. 1345 §21.30, 7-2-1962]
Each combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner or self-service dry cleaning establishment shall have posted in a prominent place proximate to the dry cleaning devices situated therein, complete step-by-step instructions for the use thereof and all prohibitions with regard thereto, and also a statement which reads substantially as follows: "CAUTION — Do Not Overload Machine. An overloaded machine may not remove all solvent from fabric. If fabric smells of solvent do not use until thoroughly aired."

Section 655.310 Inspection — When.

[CC 1961 §21.31; Ord. No. 1345 §21.31, 7-2-1962]
It shall be the duty of the Director of Public Works or his/her duly authorized delegate to inspect each combination self-service laundry and self-service dry cleaner or self-service dry cleaning establishment at least once every three (3) months for the purpose of ascertaining whether the provisions of this Code are being complied with, and it shall be his/her duty to cause all such provisions of this Code to be strictly enforced.

Section 655.320 Revocation of License.

[CC 1961 §21.32; Ord. No. 1345 §21.32, 7-2-1962]
Any license granted pursuant to the provisions of this Chapter shall be subject to revocation for cause, as is the case with all other licenses, and in addition thereto, the City Manager may suspend the same at any time it shall appear, upon a finding of the appropriate department, that any such self-service laundry or self-service dry cleaning establishment is being maintained in violation of the ordinances of the City, or is dangerous or detrimental to the health of the City or the health of the persons patronizing said establishment.

Section 655.330 Manager in Charge — Age.

[CC 1961 §21.33; Ord. No. 1345 §21.33, 7-2-1962]
At all times when the dry cleaning equipment is available for use by the public there shall be a competent person in charge of the premises who shall be over the age of twenty-one (21) years.

Section 655.340 Penalties.

[CC 1961 §21.34; Ord. No. 1345 §21.34, 7-2-1962]
Any violation of this Chapter shall be considered a misdemeanor and any person found guilty of such misdemeanor shall be fined as provided in Section 100.070 of the Code of the City of Berkeley, Missouri, except as provided in Section 655.040 hereof.