City of Beacon, NY
Dutchess County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Council of the City of Beacon 9-7-2004 by L.L. No. 29-2004. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Sewers — See Ch. 179.
Streets and sidewalks — See Ch. 191.
Subdivision of land — See Ch. 195.
Sand and gravel excavation and tree removal — See Ch. 204.
192a Appendix A

§ 192-1 Certification by engineer.

In his written certification, the developer's professional engineer or qualified licensed land surveyor shall state clearly that his authorized representative has inspected all phases of the start of construction and that all work has been completed in accordance with the approved plans and specifications.

§ 192-2 Preparation and submission of street plans.

A. 
A plan of the proposed street shall be prepared by a qualified professional engineer or qualified land surveyor licensed by the State of New York. The plan shall clearly define the limits of the proposed right-of-way by metes and bounds and shall include the location, widths, profiles and grades of the proposed roadway, storm drainage, including culverts and other drainage structures, and the locations of all easements and utilities. The plans shall also include owner of the property and name of developer, if other than the owner. One copy each of the plans shall be submitted to the City Superintendent of Streets and City Engineer at the time of application to make such road a City road, and to the New York State Department of Transportation or Dutchess County Department of Public Works when said proposed street drains toward, intersects or may otherwise affect a state or county highway. As applicable, the plans shall be submitted to the City Planning Board for review and approval under the applicable subdivision regulations of the City. Such roadway must not be subject to any right or easement in others which will in any way interfere with its use as a road at all times. Such roadway must be granted to the City full covenant and warrantee deed containing the correct metes and bounds description as shown on the approved map, which deed must be in such form as may be required to entitle the same to be recorded in the office of the County Clerk of Dutchess County, and the filing fees must be paid by the applicant.
B. 
When required, permanent and temporary easements must be furnished in said deed granting to the City the right to maintain all outlets for surface water or natural stream drainage which will run from such roadway over private property to a point where a natural watercourse exists and to which such outlets and easement will carry such water. A minimum thirty-foot width of easement shall be required for the maintenance of said easements of stormwater, water or sewer improvements.

§ 192-3 Supersession of all prior requirements.

The provisions of this chapter supersede all prior regulations, specifications and ordinances covered by the subject matter of this chapter.

§ 192-4 General provisions.

The proposed roadway must be constructed to conform to the minimum requirements and standards set forth below. As directed by the City, the minimum width to be cleared shall include all trees, road formations, buildings, walls and any such things that would endanger those using such roadway. The removal of such obstructions shall be borne by the person or firm proposing such road.

§ 192-5 Alteration of approved plans.

Plans submitted shall not be altered or amended after having been approved by the City Superintendent of Streets, City Engineer and City Planning Board (where applicable) unless amended plans are resubmitted and approved. However, the developer, at his own expense, shall provide additional storm drainage facilities, under-drains, utilities, stabilization elements or other miscellaneous improvements, as may be ordered by the City Superintendent of Streets or City Engineer. If, during the course of construction, in the opinion of the City Superintendent of Streets, City Engineer, or the Dutchess County Department of Public Works, such additional structures or facilities are necessary to prevent any need for future installation of utilities, culverts or improvements within the roadway to assure the durability of roadway structure, future maintenance of right-of-way or welfare and safety of the public, it shall be the responsibility of the developer to provide. However, the City and/or City Superintendent of Streets may vary the requirements of such an order where there are practical difficulties in the way of carrying out to the letter such order, unless such variance conflicts with the provisions of a City or county official drainage map, in which event the official map shall prevail. If these specifications are amended prior to start of construction, the developer will be required to comply with updated requirements, unless waived by the City.

§ 192-6 Performance guarantees.

A. 
Prior to the start of construction of any street, or prior to stamp of approval in the case of applications before the Planning Board, the developer shall deposit with the City Clerk a performance guarantee of acceptable surety or shall deposit with the chief fiscal officer of the City acceptable negotiable government bonds, cash or certified check drawn upon a national or state bank, payable on its face to the City of Beacon. The amount of bond shall be equal to 100% of the cost of all improvements as estimated by the City Engineer and approved by the City Council. The amount shall be determined by applying to the quantities or dimensions shown on the approved plans the rates per unit as established by the City Engineer based on prevailing municipal construction costs at the time of approval.
B. 
Within two years from the approval of the proposed subdivision by the Planning Board the developer will complete all construction within the right-of-way, including roadway, shoulders, curbs, if any, gutters, storm drainage, etc., and all utilities, including hydrants and house connections for each lot in accordance with the approved plans and these specifications; and the developer shall adequately document that all claims for labor and materials in connection with said construction shall have been paid in full prior to offering said road for dedication to the City.
C. 
If said construction is not completed to the satisfaction of the City within this period, the developer shall, subject to the approval of the City Council, maintain the performance bond in full effect until the work is completed. Should the developer fail to obtain such approval and/or allow the performance bond to lapse, the approval to construct the improvements and the Planning Board approval shall be considered void until such time that a new performance guarantee acceptable to the City has been established.
D. 
Upon certification by the developer's professional engineer or qualified licensed land surveyor and acceptance by the City Superintendent of Streets or City Engineer that the construction of the street has been completed in accordance with the approved plans and specifications, the developer will offer to the City Council for dedication the completed street and all other related improvements for public use free and clear of the liens and encumbrances. This guarantee of dedication shall apply to the owner of the property as well as the developer, where the two are not synonymous.
E. 
At the time the performance guarantee is deposited with the City, or in any case prior to commencement of the work, the developer shall make payment to the City for all inspection fees associated with the work in accordance with Standard Schedule of Fees and Subdivision Regulations.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 115, Fees; and Ch. 195, Subdivision of Land.
F. 
Maintenance bonds. Prior to acceptance by the City of the dedication of the street as guaranteed by § 192-6, Performance guarantees, above, the developer shall deposit with the City Clerk a maintenance bond of acceptable surety or shall deposit with the chief fiscal officer of the City acceptable negotiable government bonds, cash or certified check drawn upon a national or state bank, payable on its face to the City of Beacon, guaranteeing that, for a period of one year from the date of acceptance of the dedication of the street and other improvements by the City, the developer will maintain the street and other public utilities and improvements to the standard of construction set by these specifications, normal wear and tear excepted. This shall be interpreted to mean that the developer will, at his own expense, repair and make good any defects or damage which may develop during this maintenance period as a result of faulty construction within the right-of-way or as a result of other construction by the developer outside the right-of-way. During the maintenance period, the City shall be responsible for snow and ice control, street cleaning of culverts and catch basins and other work as familiar routine nature, provided that such work has in no way been caused by the developer's operations. A separate bond shall be established for two years in the case of street trees.
G. 
The amount of the maintenance bond shall be at least equal to 10% of the original amount of the performance bond. Subsequent to the dedication of the street and after receipt of the maintenance bond, the City Council shall release the performance bond.

§ 192-7 Classification of streets.

The City Planning Board and Planning Board Engineer shall determine and designate into which of the following classifications each proposed subdivision street falls on the basis of the criteria hereinafter set forth:
A. 
Major street.
B. 
Suburban street.
C. 
Local street.

§ 192-8 Determining criteria.

A. 
Major street: a street which serves or is designed to serve primarily as a route for traffic between communities and/or large areas of the City.
B. 
Suburban street: a street which serves or is designed to serve as access to abutting properties and to carry traffic from adjoining local streets to the system of major streets.
C. 
Local street: a street which serves or is designed to serve primarily as access to abutting residential properties.
D. 
The detail sheets located in Appendix A of this chapter show the cross sections of each of the classifications for City streets.[1] These give the required design dimensions and construction details, which are applicable to each classification. The general and more detailed specifications for design and construction which are applicable to both classifications of streets follow. The developer shall design and construct streets which shall conform to both the general and specific specifications.
[1]
Editor's Note: Appendix A is included as an attachment to this chapter.

§ 192-9 Design standards for new streets.

A. 
New streets. Streets shall meet the design standards set forth in the following table. Street classification may be indicated on the City Development Plan or may be determined by the Planning Board.
Street Classification
Design Standard
Local
Suburban
Major
Minimum width of right-of-way (feet)
50
50
60
Minimum width of pavement (feet)
24
30
40
Minimum radius of horizontal curves (feet)
150 except for street intersection corners
400
400
Minimum length of tangents between reverse curves (feet)
100 except where excessive grades may be reduced to reasonable grades by shortening tangent
200
200
B. 
Sight distance requirements. All street and driveway intersections shall meet the standards contained in the New York State Department of Transportation publication entitled, "Policy and Standards for Entrances to State Highways (February 1998)," or latest edition. More specifically, said intersections shall, at a minimum, meet the intersection sight distance (ISD) requirements in Tables 3 and 4 of said publication. Notwithstanding the above, driveways which cannot meet the ISD requirements shall, at a minimum, meet the stopping sight distance (SSD) requirements in Table 5 of said publication.
C. 
Intersections.
(1) 
Intersections of major streets shall be at least 800 feet apart, if possible. Cross (four-cornered) street intersections shall be avoided insofar as possible, except at important traffic locations. A distance at least equal to the minimum required lot width, but not less than 150 feet, shall be maintained between center lines of offset intersecting streets. Within 60 feet of the center of an intersection, streets shall be at approximately right angles and grades shall be limited to 1.5%. All street intersection corners shall be bounded by curves of at least 25 feet in radius at the property line. Wherever two streets intersect at an angle of less than 75°, special pavement, channelization, right-of-way and/or sight easement restrictions may be required.
(2) 
All intersections with existing City or county roads shall be constructed with the edge of pavement having a radius of 20 feet maximum. Intersections within the development shall be constructed with edge of pavement having a radius of 25 feet minimum and 35 feet maximum.
(3) 
The grade of the intersecting street with a City or county road shall be no more than one inch per foot from the edge of shoulder of the City or county road to the right-of-way or road line of said road.
D. 
Grades and vertical curves. The grade of the street shall not be in excess of 10% nor less than 1%. By permission of the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer only shall a grade of more than 10% be allowed due to topographic conditions. In no case shall a grade exceed 12% without special exception by resolution of the Planning Board. Difference in grade will be affected with a vertical curve of sufficient length to allow a stopping sight distance of no less than 250 feet, based on a driver's eye height at a three-and-five-tenths-foot elevation and an object height at a six-inch elevation.
E. 
Cul-de-sacs (dead-end streets). Cul-de-sacs shall be equipped with a turnaround roadway with a minimum diameter of right-of-way of 130 feet with a minimum outside diameter of traveled way of 120 feet (detail located in Appendix A[1]). The radii of the curves entering into, and exiting from, the cul-de-sac shall be a minimum of 50 feet. A snow storage easement shall be provided for at the end of the cul-de-sac. The snow storage area shall have a minimum size of 20 feet in width by 20 feet in depth. Cul-de-sacs shall be graded to allow for positive drainage to the curblines. The minimum grade through the cul-de-sac, as determined along the curbline, shall be 1%. The maximum grade through a cul-de-sac, as determined along the curbline, shall not exceed 5%.
[1]
Editor's Note: Appendix A is included as an attachment to this chapter.
F. 
Driveways.
(1) 
Developers and home builders shall design and construct all driveways within the limits of the right-of-way with sufficient sight distance (in both directions) and with a grade no more than one inch per foot from curb to the right-of-way line (see § 192-9B herein). The minimum width of the driveway pavement at the curb or street pavement line shall be 15 feet, tapering to a minimum of 10 feet at the right-of-way line. All driveways shall have a six-inch run-of-bank gravel foundation course from curb to right-of-way line and no less than three inches bituminous penetration macadam wearing course from curb or street pavement line to right-of-way line which shall be applied during or after the laying of the street pavement.
(2) 
All driveways shall be graded so as to slope away from the City Street at 1/2 inch per foot for a minimum of four feet. Grading shall be to the satisfaction of the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer prior to the surfacing of such driveways. Where required by the City Superintendent of Streets, a culvert or drainage system shall be provided, with the pipe size and material to be as acceptable to the City Superintendent of Streets. Pipe size shall not be less than 15 inches in diameter, and shall have a minimum coverage of 12 inches over the pipe.
G. 
The graphic details in Appendix A herein are additional street specifications which shall also apply.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Appendix A is included as an attachment to this chapter.

§ 192-10 Development of right-of-way and monuments.

The developer shall establish and clearly mark on a site the limits or road rights-of-way and easements with concrete monuments, and grades of the finished road pavement, and the locations and elevations of drainage structures, as shown on the approved plans, with constructions stakes. Such construction of road pavement, drainage, structures, curbs, sidewalks and shoulders shall be completed, inspected and approved by the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer at each step of construction (in addition to inspections by the developer's engineer). The developer shall be responsible for scheduling the work so as to coordinate all necessary inspections. Permanent concrete monuments shall be set on right-of-way lines of streets at all intersections, angle points, point of curvature and beginning and end of streets and at three points of all cul-de-sacs. There shall be a clear view of adjacent monuments on the right-of-way line. All monuments shall exist on completion of the construction of the streets. The permanent markers shall be made of concrete or granite with minimum dimensions of 30 inches long, four inches square top and size inches square bottom, with a one-half-inch drilled hole in the top. Alternate-type monument markers will be accepted where specifically approved by the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer. If a monument should be located in a rock edge, the surface shall be stripped and a one-half-inch steel rod drilled into the ledge. Monuments shall protrude three inches above the final graded surface. The developer's licensed surveyor shall certify that the location of all monuments is accurate before acceptance of the street by the City Council.

§ 192-11 Easements.

A. 
Drainage easements. Where surface water from the street must lead through other than gutters and storm drains or existing stream channels outside the right-of-way, permanent drainage easements having a minimum width of 30 feet shall be provided to a point where a natural watercourse exists. In some cases, this may include easements over property outside the boundaries of the subdivision involved. Natural stream or ditch channels shall have a minimum of thirty-foot-wide permanent easements and be shown on the proposed plans of a subdivision. All permanent easement lines shall be monuments as a right-of-way.
B. 
Sight easements. Sight easements shall be provided across all street corners, outside the street right-of-way, within the triangular area formed by the nearest edges of street pavement and a straight line between two points, each 25 feet back from the theoretical intersection of the edges of such pavement prolonged. The easements shall provide that the holder of fee title to the abutting streets shall have the right to enter the easement area for the purpose of clearing, pruning or regrading so as to maintain a clear line of sight in either direction across such triangular area between an observer's eye 3.5 feet above the pavement surface on one street and an object one foot above the pavement surface on the other. The initial establishment of clear sight lines within the sight easement area shall be the responsibility of the subdivider.

§ 192-12 Clearing or grubbing.

A. 
Prior to commencement of work, the developer shall have all roads and easement areas staked and shall meet with the City Superintendent of Streets and/or the City Engineer to determine the extent of clearing and grubbing and whether or not any existing vegetation within these areas are to remain. Otherwise, the developer shall clear the entire area within the limits of:
(1) 
The road right-of-way.
(2) 
Stream channels and ditches.
(3) 
Easement areas (as determined by the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer.
B. 
All stumps, roots, walls, structures, abandoned utilities, and debris shall be excavated and removed from the above areas.

§ 192-13 Excavation, filling and rough grading.

A. 
The developer shall complete the shaping of the road right-of-way, streams and ditches and easement areas to the line and grade as shown on the approved plans and as otherwise may be directed by the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer. In the construction of the roadway, all topsoil, loam, rocks and organic materials shall be removed until a satisfactory subbase is established. All fills shall be made with acceptable material as approved by the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer. Such fill shall be made in layers of not more than twelve inches each and properly compacted with a ten-ton roller or equivalent.
B. 
The subgrade shall be shaped to line and grade with no depressions. The subgrade shall be stable in all respects to the satisfaction of the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer before the foundation course is laid. No large stones or rock ledges shall protrude into the foundation course.
C. 
Also, before the foundation course is laid, all storm drainage, catch basins, watermains, manholes, sanitary sewers and all utilities, including house connections for existing and future homes, and hydrants shall have been installed and all excavations and trenches, exclusive of pipe bedding, shall be backfilled with Item 4 (NYSDOT Item 304.03) to the satisfaction of the City Superintendent of Streets, Water and Sewer Superintendent and the City Engineer. All slopes and sidewalk areas shall be graded before the foundation course is made, and all loose and exposed stones shall be removed.

§ 192-14 Fine grading.

A. 
Before fine grading or construction of curbs and sidewalks is started, all storm and sanitary sewers and all utilities, including house connections and hydrants, shall have been installed and all fill and backfill shall have been thoroughly compacted to the satisfaction of the City Superintendent of Streets and City Engineer.
B. 
Also, before fine grading or construction of curbs and sidewalks is started, all heavy trucking for building or site construction purposes shall have been completed.
C. 
After completion of the rough grade and prior to the laying of the foundation course, the subgrade shall be shaped to line and grade and thoroughly compacted with an approved self-propelled roller weighing not less than ten tons. All hollows and depressions which develop under rolling shall be filled with acceptable granular material and again rolled, this process to be continued until no depressions develop. The subgrade shall not be muddy or otherwise unsatisfactory when the foundation course is laid upon it.
D. 
Any soft, unstable, or unsuitable portions of the subgrade which develop under "proof rolling" with a fully loaded tandem dump truck shall be completely excavated and removed from the right-of-way and shall be replaced with acceptable granular material and the area regraded and compacted as above.
E. 
Prior to installation of foundation course, a nonwoven geotextile fabric shall be laid upon the subgrade along the entire length of the proposed roadway. Geotextile fabric shall be overlapped 18 inches minimum at all seams. Geotextile fabric shall meet the following minimum properties, in accordance with ASTM test methods:
Item
Value
Grab tensile strength
305 lbs.
Grab tensile elongation
60% (max)
Modulus (at 10% elongation)
140 lbs.
Mullen burst strength
510 psi
Trapezoid tear strength
100 lbs.
Puncture resistance
130 lbs.
Water flow rate
80 gpm/ft.
Permeability
0.34 cm/sec.
F. 
Fine grade shall conform to the prescribed width of pavement and shall extend equidistant from the center line of the road right-of-way and shall conform to the typical cross section of the road pavement and to the approved line and grade.

§ 192-15 Foundation course and granular material.

A. 
After the fine grade and all curbs have been constructed to the satisfaction of the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer, the developer shall furnish and place a foundation course of New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) Item No. 304.03 to the depth of ten inches as called for in these sections. All materials acceptable for this course shall be hard, durable and sound and shall be well graded from coarse to fine, the maximum diameter of the large particles not exceeding two inches; 25% to 60%, by weight, shall pass the one-fourth-inch square sieve; 5% to 40%, by weight, shall pass the No. 40 mesh sieve; and not more than 10%, by weight, shall pass the No. 200 sieve. A certified analysis of granular material will be filed with the City Superintendent of Streets and City Engineer.
B. 
The materials shall be placed on the finished subgrade by means of mechanical spreaders and shall be thoroughly compacted by rolling with a self-propelled ten-ton roller. Water shall be added to the materials in such amounts as the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer may consider necessary for proper compaction. After compaction, the course shall be true to grade and cross sections, and depressions shall be eliminated by the use of additional granular material thoroughly rolled in place. In all cases, the foundation course must be thoroughly compacted so that it will not weave under the roller.
C. 
The subbase and foundation course shall lie a minimum of three months to allow complete settlement before the pavement is laid. Prior to placement of any pavement, all roadways shall be "proofed-rolled" with a fully loaded tandem dump truck in the presence of the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer, in a manner prescribed by the City, and any defective or unacceptable sections shall be reconstructed as necessary and retested prior to paving operations.

§ 192-16 Drainage, catch basins and curb inlets.

A. 
The drainage system and/or culverts shall be designed in accordance with established engineering principles and approved by the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer. Plans for any drainage structure other than pipe culverts, when existing or proposed, shall be submitted in detail to the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer for approval. The minimum grade of any drainage pipe or culvert shall not be less than 1%. The approved plans shall show invert elevations of the inlet and outlet of all drainage structures. Any deviation from the approved plans shall be on approval of the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer, in writing. No culvert pipe shall be less than fifteen inches in diameter unless by approval of the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer. Pipe for culverts may be high density polyethylene pipe (HDPE) which shall conform to the last ASTM and AASHTO standards, or, where approved, reinforced concrete pipe may be permitted. End sections shall be placed at all pipe inlet or outlet ends, where appropriate. Where required, headwalls of concrete or mortared stone masonry shall be constructed. Culverts shall extend to the toe of embankment. The bearing of all headwalls shall have a solid base. If soft material is encountered, it shall be removed and backfilled with NYSDOT Item No. 304.03. It shall be the responsibility of the developer that no headwalls shall crack or become tipped from settlement. A concrete mix of 4,000 psi after 28 days shall be used.
B. 
The width of the trench in which the pipe (see trench detail in Appendix A of this chapter[1]) is laid shall be sufficient to permit thorough compaction of the backfill around the pipe and a minimum of 24 inches wider than the pipe diameter. A cushion of at least six inches shall be laid in line with grade prior to laying the pipe. No rock over three inches in size shall protrude or lie in this cushion. The soil below the cushion shall be stable enough so that there will be no settlement of pipe after backfilling the trench.
[1]
Editor's Note: Appendix A is included as an attachment to this chapter.
C. 
The pipe shall be laid to true line and grade on the prepared bed of the trench. Backfilling of the trench shall be done with roadway foundation material or other suitable material approved by the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer. The backfill shall be made in layers of no more than six inches, which shall be compacted. In no case shall the top of any drainage pipe be less then twelve inches below the finished grade of pavement.
D. 
All drainage structures (pipes, basins, etc.) shall be of a size sufficient to carry natural water runoff and stormwater and also that which, in the opinion of the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer, may be reasonably anticipated from future construction, both from within the development and from adjoining properties, which normally drain across the area of the proposed development. Sizing of all structures shall comply with the City guidelines in effect at the time of construction. Additional or larger culverts and drainage structures shall be installed and paid for by the developer if the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer so direct. Drainage structures (catch basin detail located in Appendix A of this chapter[2]) shall be backfilled with NYSDOT Item No. 304.03. Backfill material shall be "chucked" under the piping to ensure all voids are filled so as to prevent settlement. Backfill material shall be compacted in 6-inch lifts around catch basin structures.
[2]
Editor's Note: Appendix A is included as an attachment to this chapter.

§ 192-17 Street signs and traffic control devices.

A. 
Street signs of a type approved by the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer shall be installed by the developer. Prior to naming a street, a check should be made with the City Clerk and 911 Coordinator to determine that the proposed name is not in use. All names are subject to the approval of the City Council and 911 Coordinator. The developer shall also install all required traffic controls signs, as recommended by the Chief of Police, City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer, subject to the approval of the City Council and Traffic Safety Board.
B. 
Signs shall be double-faced, assembled with engineer-grade reflective sheeting on extruded aluminum blades. Signs shall be white characters on green background, six inches in height, by length as necessary for specific installation. Letters shall be three inches, upper case, FHWA Series C, of reflective sheeting. All signs shall be manufactured per United States Bureau of Public Roads standards and shall be chemically treated to meet ASTM B449 (latest revision) for pretreatment for paint or reflective sheeting.
C. 
Sign posts shall be 2 3/8-inch O.D., 65/100-inch wall thickness, hot-dipped galvanized steel, ten-foot length, set three feet into solid ground.
D. 
Traffic control devices shall only be installed where approved by the City Council and, if applicable, the other governmental agency having jurisdiction for the intersections roadway involved. All signs and pavement markings shall be of the type, size, color, shape and general construction and placement, in accordance with the criteria called for in the Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices (latest revision), as promulgated by the New York State Department of Transportation, Traffic and Safety Division. Traffic control signs shall be constructed of stock aluminum, manufactured in accordance with United States Bureau of Public Roads standards, treated to meet ASTM B449 for pretreatment for paint or reflective sheeting.
E. 
Traffic control signs shall be mounted to heavyweight rib-back channel posts finished with a green baked-enamel coating. Posts shall be three pounds per foot weight, manufactured from high-tensile steel. Posts shall be set a minimum of three feet into solid ground, of a minimum ten-foot overall length. Posts shall be lap-spliced breakaway system.

§ 192-18 Streetlighting.

Where required by the Planning Board, streetlighting standards, of a design and location approved by said Board and Street Superintendent, shall be provided and installed by the subdivider.

§ 192-19 Street trees.

The Planning Board may require the planting of street trees. Such trees shall be of a hardwood variety indigenous to the neighborhood and shall be at least four inches caliper at a height four feet above ground level. Where they are required by the Planning Board, such trees shall be planted along both sides of the street, within the street right-of-way, and spaced approximately 40 feet on center. Such trees shall be guaranteed to survive two growing seasons.

§ 192-20 Guide rails.

Where required, in the event that the bordering lands to a proposed road lie four feet or more below the point of shoulder for a continuing length of 100 feet or more, or when so required by the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer, a box beam guide rail, or a type acceptable to the Engineer, shall be installed along said shoulder line or that portion of the road that is four feet or more above the adjacent lands.

§ 192-21 Groundwater and house drains.

A. 
If, in the opinion of the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer, it is necessary to intercept and carry-away groundwater within the limits of the right-of-way to protect the stability of the roadbed, curb or sidewalk areas, the sub-drainage required by the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer shall be installed. HDPE perforated coil pipe having a minimum diameter of four inches encased in three-fourths-inch clean crushed stone, within a trench that is 12 inches wide. Entire sub-drainage shall be wrapped in a nonwoven geotextile fabric having a water flow rate of 155 gpm/ft, a fabric thickness of 50 mils, Mullen burst strength of 170 psi, and a grab strength of 90 lbs. Trench filled with crushed stone shall start at a point four inches below finished grade, allowing for four inches of topsoil. Trench shall extend down so that the top of sub-drainage pipe shall be positioned two inches below the bottom of the curbline. There shall be at least four inches of crushed stone under the perforated pipe. If curbing is not to be installed, top of sub-drainage pipe shall be installed 18" below finished pavement grade.
B. 
Roof, cellar and footing drains shall in no case be allowed to flow onto the street right-of-way. With the approval of the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer, in writing, these drains may be piped to existing stormwater structures, if any, to which they will be connected. Such drains must be installed prior to the start of the application of the foundation course. Drains from sanitary sewers or septic tanks will not be permitted to flow into road ditches or storm drains under any circumstances.

§ 192-22 Sidewalks and curbs.

A. 
On major, suburban and local streets, six-inch reveal Portland cement concrete curbs (detail in Appendix A of this chapter[1]) shall be constructed on both (reveal) sides of the street, prior to laying street pavement to the dimensions and specifications required. A compacted base course of six inches in thickness, free of stone over two inches in thickness, shall be laid under all curbing and sidewalks. A concrete mix of 3,500 psi after 28 days shall be used and shall be finished and cured to the satisfaction of the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer. The developer at his own expense shall replace any curbing that has settled, cracked, scaled or has become damaged in any way by the developer before and within the one-year maintenance period after dedication. Curb shall be depressed five inches at all driveways. Stone curbs may be substituted on approval of the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer.
[1]
Editor's Note: Appendix A is included as an attachment to this chapter.
B. 
On all streets, unless otherwise approved by the City Council, Portland cement concrete sidewalks, and monolithic curb and sidewalks (details located in Appendix A of this chapter[2]), shall be constructed on one side of the street (or both, if so required by the City). Concrete shall be 3,500 psi after 28 days and shall be finished and cured to the satisfaction of the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer. The developer at his own expense shall replace any sidewalk that has settled, cracked, scaled or has become damaged in any way by the developer before and within the one-year maintenance period after dedication. Curb shall be depressed five inches at all driveways.
[2]
Editor's Note: Appendix A is included as an attachment to this chapter.

§ 192-23 Intersections.

A. 
Where a development street intersects a City or county road, the approved plans will show the proposed type, length and diameter of pipe and drainage flow along said road. The drainage improvements will be installed and paid for by the developer.
B. 
Applications to the County Department of Public Works and the New York State Department of Transportation shall be made for all intersections with county or state highways for approval of locations, grade, drainage structures and other requirements.
C. 
The developer shall assume full responsibility for any contamination and/or degradation of any part of this course during construction and shall, at his own expense, remove any and all portions of this course which do not conform to the requirements of these specifications and replace these portions with specified material.

§ 192-24 Pavement base course.

After the foundation course has been inspected and accepted by the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer, with the three-month minimum settlement period elapsed, and found to be at the grade allowing the proper depth of finished pavement, the base course shall be laid.
A. 
Hot-mix asphalt concrete pavement: material.
(1) 
Base course shall consist of a hot-mix asphalt concrete, conforming in all respects to the requirements for base course Type 1, as stated in the New York State Department of Transportation Standard Specifications - Construction and Materials, Section 401 (latest edition). Hot-mix base course shall be constructed on a prepared base in accordance with these specifications and in conformance with lines, grades, thicknesses and detail shown on the typical cross-sections for the type of road involved.
(2) 
Hot-mix base course shall consist of aggregates, filler if required, and bituminous material proportioned in accordance with Table 401-1 of the New York State Department of Transportation Standard Specification for a Type-1 dense base course.
B. 
Hot-mix asphalt concrete pavement: placement.
(1) 
Pavement shall not be placed on any wet surface, any soft surfaces or when the surface temperature is less than 50°F. Temperature shall be measured on the surface where the paving is to be placed and the controlling temperature shall be the average of three temperature readings taken at locations approximately 25 feet apart.
(2) 
The roadway surface to be covered shall be free from holes, depressions, bumps, waves, cracks and corrugations. Any unsuitable surface areas shall be repaired by replacement of the unstable material or by patching with a material to produce a tight surface having the same elevation as the surrounding surface.
(3) 
All equipment and the condition of the equipment shall meet the approval of the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer.

§ 192-25 Pavement binder course.

After the base course has been placed, inspected and approved by the City Superintendent of Streets, the following binder course shall be laid.
A. 
Hot-mix asphalt concrete pavement: material.
(1) 
Binder course shall consist of a hot-mix asphalt concrete, conforming in all respects to the requirements for binder course Type 3, as stated in the New York State Department of Transportation Standard Specifications - Construction and Materials, Section 401 (latest edition). Hot-mix binder course shall be constructed on a prepared base in accordance with these specifications and in conformance with lines, grades, thicknesses and detail shown on the typical cross sections for the type of road involved.
(2) 
Hot-mix binder course shall consist of aggregates, filler if required, and bituminous material proportioned in accordance with Table 401-1 of the New York State Department of Transportation Standard Specification for a Type-3 dense binder course.
B. 
Hot-mix asphalt concrete pavement: placement.
(1) 
Pavement shall not be placed on any wet surface, any soft surfaces or when the surface temperature is less than 45°F. Temperature shall be measured on the surface where the paving is to be placed and the controlling temperature shall be the average of three temperature readings taken at locations approximately 25 feet apart.
(2) 
The roadway surface to be covered shall be free from holes, depressions, bumps, waves and corrugations. Any unsuitable surface areas shall be repaired by replacement of the unstable material or by patching with a material to produce a tight surface having the same elevation as the surrounding surface.
(3) 
All equipment and the condition of the equipment shall meet the approval of the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer.

§ 192-26 Pavement finished course.

After the binder course has been placed, inspected and approved by the City Superintendent of Streets, the following top course shall be laid.
A. 
Hot-mix asphalt concrete pavement: material.
(1) 
Finish course shall consist of a hot-mix asphalt concrete, conforming in all respects to the requirements for top course Type 6FX, as stated in the New York State Department of Transportation Standard Specifications - Construction and Materials (latest edition).
(2) 
Hot-mix finish course shall be constructed in accordance with these specifications and in conformance with lines, grades, thicknesses and detail shown on the typical cross-sections for the type of road involved.
(3) 
Hot-mix finish course shall consist of aggregates, filler if required, and bituminous material proportioned in accordance with Table 401-1 of the New York State Department of Transportation Standard Specification for a Type-6FX dense granular top course.
B. 
Hot-mix asphalt concrete pavement: placement.
(1) 
Pavement shall not be placed on any wet surface, any soft surfaces or when the surface temperature is less than 45°F. Temperature shall be measured on the surface where the paving is to be placed and the controlling temperature shall be the average of three temperature readings taken at locations approximately 25 feet apart.
(2) 
The roadway surface to be covered shall be free from holes, depressions, bumps, waves and corrugations. Any unsuitable surface areas shall be repaired by replacement of the unstable material or by patching with a material to produce a tight surface having the same elevation as the surrounding surface.
(3) 
All equipment and the condition of the equipment shall meet the approval of the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer.
(4) 
When connecting to an existing pavement surface, the top course of the new street shall connect to the existing surface through a milled keyway as shown in the details located in Appendix A of this chapter.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Appendix A is included as an attachment to this chapter.

§ 192-27 Stabilization seeding.

A. 
After all construction within the right-of-way has been completed, all nonpaved areas shall be finish graded and seeded. Seeding mix shall be as follows:
Component
Application
Perennial ryegrass (25%), Creeping red fescue (25%), Kentucky bluegrass (50%)
1,000 lbs/1,000 square feet
Fertilizer:
Limestone
135 lbs/1,000 square feet
Mulch (unrotted straw)
70 lbs/1,000 square feet
B. 
All seeding shall be performed on ground surface consisting of a minimum of four inches of topsoil. This work may be performed during the spring, summer, and fall seasons of the year, unless otherwise specified. When conditions of high winds, excessive moisture or ice are such that satisfactory results are not likely to be obtained, the work shall be stopped and will be resumed only when the desired results are likely to be obtained or when acceptable correctible measures and procedures are adopted.
C. 
Areas to be seeded shall be maintained at acceptable grades. Irregularities which form low places and hold water shall be eliminated. The offerer shall care for the seeded and mulched areas until the end of the maintenance bond term. Such care shall consist of repairing any areas damaged following the seeding or mulching operations due to wind, water, fire or other causes. Such damaged areas shall be repaired to reestablish the condition and grade of the area prior to seeding, and shall then be refertilized, reseeded and remulched as specified herein.

§ 192-28 Specifications for miscellaneous materials.

A. 
Run-of-bank gravel. All material shall be hard stone and well graded from coarse to fine, and in general shall conform to the following:
(1) 
The particles shall be of a size that will pass through a four-inch square mesh. Run-of-bank gravel shall be free of topsoil, sod and other objectionable materials with no particles exceeding two inches; 30% to 65%, by weight, shall pass the one-fourth-inch square sieve; 5% to 40%, by weight, shall pass the No. 40 mesh sieve; and not more than 10%, by weight, shall pass the No. 200 mesh sieve, and approved by the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer.
(2) 
Shale or slag. All shale or slag shall be hard, durable material, well graded from coarse to fine, with no particles larger than four inches, and shall meet with the approval of the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer.
B. 
Crushed stone and crushed gravel. All materials shall consist of clean, durable, sharp-angled fragments of rock or gravel, free from soft or disintegrated stone, dirt or other objectionable materials.
(1) 
Crushed stone shall meet the following percentages by weight, passing through square screen openings:
Percentage
Screen
90% - 100%
Pass 1 1/2-inch screen
55%
Pass 1-inch screen
15%
Pass 1/2-inch screen
(2) 
Crushed gravel shall meet the same requirements as crushed stone, except that the mixture must have a minimum of 75% fractured particles.
(3) 
All materials will be sampled and tested whenever it may appear to be desirable. All materials must pass the soundness test for Type B as prescribed by the Specifications of the New York State Department of Transportation and approved by the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer.
C. 
Base course material. Materials to be used for road base course shall be NYSDOT Item 304.03 Item 4. Material shall meet all requirements as set forth in the New York State Department of Transportation Standard Specifications (latest edition).
D. 
Concrete for headwall, etc.
(1) 
All concrete for headwalls, etc., shall be mixed in mechanical mixers with contents of 100% Portland cement, clean water free of oil, salt, acids, alkali, vegetable matter or other deleterious matter and aggregate that is clean, hard-crushed stone or crushed gravel free from clay, silt, loam or other deleterious matter.
(2) 
Concrete shall develop average ultimate compression strength, based on a four-inch slump, of not less than 4,000 psi at 28 days and approved by the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer.
E. 
Reinforced concrete pipe. The specifications shall be the same as the New York State Department of Transportation Specifications for Reinforced Concrete Pipe, Section 706, except that the tongue and groove pipe is preferred for all sizes. Each piece of pipe shall be stamped as such, and the condition of pipe shall be approved by the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer.
F. 
Corrugated polyethylene pipe. Where permitted for use, corrugated polyethylene pipe shall be smooth interior lined type for maximum strength. Pipe shall be manufactured using high-density polyethylene (HDPE) resins meeting applicable ASTM and AASHTO standards. Pipe shall be suitable for H-20 and E8O live loads for burial depths up to 50 feet.
G. 
Bituminous material.
(1) 
All bituminous material furnished shall conform with the general specifications for materials of construction as given in the New York State Department of Transportation Standard Specifications (latest edition).
(2) 
For the application of bituminous materials, distributor must be provided with acceptable units for the control of temperature of materials. The bituminous material must be heated to such temperatures as are required by the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer. No bituminous material shall be applied when the surface of the pavement is wet, and the City Superintendent of Streets and the City Engineer reserve the right to order the application of such material to be stopped when they deem the conditions unfavorable.

§ 192-29 Street acceptance.

No street or highway will be accepted by the City of Beacon as a City street or highway unless the same complies with all the provisions of this chapter.

§ 192-30 Work in existing city streets.

A. 
All work to be performed within an existing City street shall be subject to the approval of the City. The contractor, developer or other such person performing the work shall be required to obtain a road opening permit and pay any and all such fees that may apply in relation to the same.
B. 
The contractor or person performing the work shall be required to submit to the City a certification of insurance listing the City of Beacon as additional insured (providing primary coverage), providing liability and property damage insurance with a limit of liability not less than $1,000,000.
C. 
All work shall be subject to the review of City representatives, and the contractor or person performing the work shall schedule such work as to permit the necessary reviews and inspections. Where applicable, a fee shall be paid to the City for such reviews and inspections.
D. 
All work shall be in accordance with generally accepted and recognized guidelines and the specifications for road opening permit guidelines in effect at the time of the work. This shall include OSHA regulations.

§ 192-31 Severability.

In the event that any part of parts of these street specifications, or of any ordinance or regulations which may govern or otherwise affect them, is for any reason modified or invalidated, the other portions of said specifications not affected thereby shall remain in full force and effect.

§ 192-32 Interpretation.

Final decision as to the interpretation of any part of these street specifications shall rest with the City Superintendent of Streets, City Engineer and City Council. They shall have the authority to modify the requirements of these specifications when in their opinion conditions make it impracticable to follow the strict letter of these specifications or when conditions make it unnecessary to do so.

§ 192-33 Special terms of acceptance.

In the case of difficulties, acceptance will be made upon terms specified by the City Council and City Superintendent of Streets on application made to the City Council.