[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Supervisors of Jackson Township as indicated in part histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Part 1 Solid Waste Management and Recycling
[Adopted 6-9-1993 by Ord. No. 93-6A]
This Part 1 shall be known and may be cited as the "Jackson Township Municipal Solid Waste Management and Recycling Ordinance."
The following words and phrases, as used in this Part 1, shall have the meanings ascribed to them herein, unless the context clearly indicates a different meaning:
- ACT 101
- The Pennsylvania Municipal Waste Planning, Recycling and Waste Reduction Act of 1988 (Act 1988).
- Empty all-aluminum food and beverage containers, clean aluminum foil and pie tins, aluminum siding, aluminum frames of furniture, scrap from industrial sources and other all-aluminum materials.
- AUTHORIZED COLLECTOR
- A person, firm, partnership, corporation or public agency authorized by the Township or county to collect municipal waste from residential, commercial, municipal, and institutional establishments.
- BIMETALLIC CONTAINERS
- Empty food or beverage containers consisting of ferrous sides with aluminum top and bottom. A container is bimetallic if a magnet sticks to the sides, but not the ends.
- BULKY ITEMS
- Large waste items, including, but not limited to, appliances, auto parts, furniture, trees and branches, or stumps or other items too large for approved reusable or disposable waste containers.
- Any person, firm, partnership, corporation or public agency authorized by the Township to collect recyclable materials from residences or authorized by commercial, municipal and institutional establishments to collect recyclable materials from those properties.
- COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENT
- Those properties used primarily for commercial or industrial purposes.
- COMMUNITY ACTIVITIES
- Events that are sponsored by public or private agencies or individuals, including, but not limited to, fairs, bazaars, socials, picnics and organized sporting events attended by 200 or more individuals per day.
- CORRUGATED PAPER
- Container board cartons, Kraft liner board and shipping boxes with corrugated paper medium. This definition also includes Kraft (brown) paper bags.
- DETACHABLE CONTAINER
- Any metal bin or container which may be mechanically lifted and emptied into a collection vehicle.
- All animal and vegetable waste resulting from handling, preparation, cooking or consumption of food.
- GLASS CONTAINERS
- Empty bottles and jars made of clear, green or brown glass. This definition does not include noncontainer glass, window glass, blue glass, porcelain, ceramic products and light bulbs.
- See "authorized collector."
- HIGH-GRADE OFFICE PAPER
- Printing, writing and computer paper used in commercial, institutional and municipal establishments, as well as in residences. This definition includes white paper, white ledger, bond paper, colored ledger, computer printouts, computer tab cards and copy machine paper.
- HOUSEHOLD HAZARDOUS WASTE
- Unwanted hazardous material found in or generated by residential establishments.
- INDUSTRIAL ESTABLISHMENT
- Facilities engaged in manufacturing or processing, including, but not limited to, factories, foundries, mills, processing plants, refineries and mining.
- INSTITUTIONAL ESTABLISHMENT
- Facilities that house or serve groups of people, including, but not limited to, hospitals, nursing homes, orphanages, day-care centers, schools and colleges.
- LEAD ACID BATTERIES
- Automotive, truck and industrial batteries that contain lead.
- MULTIFAMILY HOUSING
- Properties having three or more dwelling units per structure.
- MUNICIPAL ESTABLISHMENT
- Public facilities operated by the Township and other governmental and quasi-governmental agencies.
- Jackson Township, County of Butler, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
- MUNICIPAL WASTE
- Garbage, refuse, industrial lunchroom or office waste and other material resulting from the operation of residential, municipal, commercial or institutional establishments and from community activities; and any sludge not meeting the definition of "residual or hazardous waste" as defined by Pennsylvania Solid Waste Management Act, 35 P.S. § 6018.101 et seq., as amended.
- Paper of the type commonly referred to as "newsprint" and distributed at fixed intervals, having printed thereon news and opinions, containing advertisements and other matters of public interest. Newsprint which has been soiled, crumpled, color comics, glossy advertising inserts and advertising inserts printed in colors other than black and white often included with newspapers may be exempted from this definition.
- Any individual, partnership, corporation, association, institution, cooperative enterprise, municipality, municipal authority or any other legal entity whatsoever which is recognized by law as the subject of rights and duties.
- Plastic such as containers for milk, food containers, household product containers, PET soda bottles, beverage containers and other plastic products.
- RECYCLABLE MATERIALS
- Materials generated by residential, commercial, municipal and institutional establishments for which recycling markets exist and for which there is a recycling agent. Recyclable materials may include clear glass, colored glass, aluminum, steel and bimetallic containers, high-grade office paper, newspapers, corrugated paper, plastics and any other item selected by the Township or county or specified in amendments to Act 101.
- The collection, separation, recovery and sale or reuse of metals, glass, paper, plastics and other materials which would otherwise be disposed or processed as municipal waste.
- All solid waste, except body waste, and including garbage, ashes and rubbish.
- RESIDENTIAL ESTABLISHMENT
- Any occupied single-family, duplex or multifamily dwelling of two units or less.
- Glass, metal, paper, discarded furniture, building materials, cartons and shipping containers and any and all accumulations of the same.
- Unauthorized or uncontrolled removal of solid waste materials placed for collection or removal from a solid waste processing or disposal facility.
- SOLID WASTE
- Unwanted garbage, refuse and other discarded solid material resulting from residential, industrial, commercial and agricultural operations and from community activities. Unwanted liquids, semisolids and contained gaseous materials are hereby defined as solid waste. Recyclable and reusable materials, including any compostable organic waste, do not constitute solid waste for the purpose of this Part 1.
- SOURCE-SEPARATED RECYCLABLE MATERIALS
- Materials that are separated from municipal waste at the point of origin for the purpose of being recycled.
- STEEL CONTAINERS
- All coated (tin, zinc, etc.) and other empty ferrous food and beverage containers, including allowed materials. This definition also includes ferrous and alloyed ferrous scrap materials derived from iron and stainless steel and white goods (large appliances).
- The containment of any waste on a temporary basis in such a manner as to not constitute disposal of such waste.
- YARD WASTE
- Leaves, garden residue, shrubbery and tree trimmings, grass clippings and similar material.
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 4000.101 et seq.
Any person storing municipal waste for collection shall comply with the following preparation standards:
All municipal waste shall be stored in containers approved by the Township and shall comply with the following standards:
Reusable containers shall be constructed of durable, watertight, rust- and corrosion-resistant material.
Reusable containers for residences shall have tight-fitting covers, have suitable lifting handles and shall have a capacity of not more than 30 gallons. If mechanical bins or detachable containers are in use, the Township may waive these standards.
Disposable plastic bags or sacks are acceptable containers, provided the bags are designed for waste disposal. Such bags shall be securely tied at the top for collection and shall have a capacity of not more than 30 gallons.
All containers, whether reusable or disposable, shall be kept tightly covered at all times and shall be used and maintained so as to prevent public nuisances.
Any person storing municipal waste for collection shall comply with the following storage standards:
Reusable containers shall be kept in a sanitary condition at all times. The interior of the containers shall be kept clean by thoroughly rinsing, draining and disinfecting as often as necessary.
Containers shall be covered or sealed at all times, and waste shall not protrude or extend above the top of the container.
With the exception of pickup days when containers are placed out for collection, all containers shall be properly stored on the owner's property.
Bulky waste items shall be stored in a manner that will prevent the accumulation or collection of water, the harborage or breeding of vectors, insects or rodents, or the creation of safety and fire hazards.
The storage of all municipal waste from multifamily housing, commercial, institutional and municipal establishments and industrial lunchrooms and office wastes shall comply with the regulations and standards set forth in this Part 1. The type, size and placement of bulk containers for these establishments shall be determined by the waste generator and the authorized collector and are subject to approval by the Township.
[Amended 11-21-2002 by Ord. No. 02-11]
All generators of municipal waste in the Township shall contract for the collection of disposable waste and recyclable items, as follows:
All residential properties shall use an authorized collection service unless they prove to the Township that they have made alternative arrangements consistent with this Part 1.
All multifamily housing, commercial, institutional and municipal establishments, and industrial establishments with office and lunchroom wastes, shall use an authorized collection service of their choice.
Collection service shall be provided in compliance with the following standards:
All residential waste shall be collected at least biweekly with the exception that arrangements shall be made in advance with the collector for pickup of bulky waste and for payment of any special fees.
All multifamily housing, commercial, municipal, institutional and industrial waste shall be collected at least once each week and more often if required in order to control health hazards, odor or unsightly conditions.
All recyclable materials shall be collected at least once each month.
Each authorized collector shall establish a regular collection schedule in the Township and shall so notify the Township of the days and times. If a regular collection day falls on a holiday, the collector shall notify all customers and the Township as to when collection will be made.
All collection of waste in residential areas shall be limited to the hours between 6:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m., prevailing time.
All authorized collectors operating within the Township shall comply with the Butler County Municipal Waste Management Ordinance as regards the licensing of collectors and the transportation of waste to the county-designated disposal facility.
All authorized collectors shall be responsible for the collection of any fees or charges for municipal waste collection and disposal services provided to residential, commercial, institutional, municipal and industrial sources within the Township.
Persons in residential establishments shall separate recyclable materials from other waste. Recyclable materials shall be placed at the curbside. Recyclable materials shall be prepared for collection according to Township or county guidelines and shall be placed in containers provided by the Township or cut and baled, tied, bundled, stacked or packaged in compliance with the guidelines.
All containers provided for residential establishments for recyclable materials shall be the property of the Township and shall be used only for the storage and collection of recyclable materials. Any resident who moves shall be responsible for leaving the container within the residence or shall pay the replacement cost of said container.
Use of the allocated recycling container for any purpose other than the recycling program shall be a violation of this Part 1.
An owner, landlord or agent of the owner or landlord of a multifamily housing property with three or more units shall comply with its recycling responsibilities by establishing a collection program for the tenants at each property. The collection system shall include suitable containers, provided by the owner, landlord or agent, for sorting and collection of recyclable materials. The container shall be placed in easily accessible locations, and written instructions shall be provided to the tenants concerning use and availability of the collection system.
Owners, landlords or agents of multifamily property who are in compliance with this Part 1 shall not be liable for noncompliance by the occupants of their property.
Owners, landlords or agent of multifamily property who have recyclable material collected by a collection firm other than the Township or its designated collector(s) shall submit an annual report to the Township reporting the tonnage of materials recycled during the previous year.
Commercial, institutional, municipal establishments and community activities shall separate materials as may be designated by the Township and shall store the recyclable materials until collection. These establishments may be exempt from this Part 1 if the establishments have otherwise provided for the recycling of materials specified by this Part 1 and provide documentation to the Township annually indicating the designated recyclable materials are being recycled and indicating the tonnage of materials recycled during the previous year.
It shall be the responsibility of each establishment and community activity to submit an annual report to the Township reporting the tonnage of materials recycled by the establishment or activity during the previous year.
No person shall place a used lead acid battery in municipal waste, discard or otherwise dispose of a lead acid battery, except by delivery to a designated facility authorized under the laws of Pennsylvania.
All recyclable materials, when placed at the curbside, become the property of its authorized collector, except as provided below:
Any person may donate or sell recyclable materials to individuals or organizations authorized by the Township. The recyclable materials shall be either delivered to the individual or organization site or may be placed at the curb for collection by said individual or organization. If placed at the curb, the individual or organization shall not collect recyclable material on days designated as municipal collection days.
Any person who donates or sells recyclable materials shall not receive a discount in waste collection fees paid to their collector.
The Board of Supervisors or its designated representatives shall be responsible for the enforcement of the provisions of this Part 1.
The Township may enter into an agreement with public or private agencies or firms to authorize said agencies or firms to collect all or part of recyclable materials placed at curbside or at another designated site.
The Board of Supervisors of Jackson Township or its designated representative shall be responsible for the enforcement of the provisions of this Part 1. The Township Supervisors are authorized by this Part 1 to enact reasonable rules and regulations for the operation of this Part 1, including, but not limited to:
Designating recyclable materials to be separated by residential establishments and designating additional recyclable materials to be separated by commercial, institutional and municipal establishments.
Establishing collection procedures for recyclable materials.
Establishing reporting procedures for volumes of materials recycled.
Establishing procedures for the distribution, monitoring and collection of recycling containers.
Establishing procedures and rules for the collection of yard waste.
[Amended 11-21-2002 by Ord. No. 02-11]
Any person, firm or corporation who shall violate the provisions of this Part 1 and its rules and regulations shall receive an official written warning of noncompliance for the first offense. Thereafter, any person, firm or corporation who shall violate any provision of this Part 1, upon conviction thereof in an action brought before a District Justice in the manner provided for the enforcement of summary offenses under the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure, shall be sentenced to pay a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $1,000, plus costs, including reasonable attorney fees incurred by the Township, and, in default of payment of said fine and costs, to a term of imprisonment not to exceed 90 days. Each day that a violation of this Part 1 continues or each section of this Part 1 which shall be found to have been violated shall constitute a separate offense.