Town of Vinland, WI
Winnebago County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Public Documents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Board of the Town of Vinland as Title 15, Ch. 1, of the 2004 Code. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Driveways — See Ch. 206.
Fires and fire prevention — See Ch. 217.
Property maintenance — See Ch. 309.
Excavations and openings — See Ch. 358, Art. III.
Swimming pools — See Ch. 365.
Zoning — See Ch. 410.

§ 190-1 Building Code established.

A. 
Title. This chapter shall be known as the "Building Code of the Town of Vinland" and will be referred to in this chapter as "this code," "this chapter" or "this ordinance."
B. 
Purpose. This chapter provides certain minimum standards, provisions and requirements for safe and stable design, methods of construction and uses of materials in buildings and/or structures hereafter erected, constructed, enlarged, altered, repaired, moved, converted to other uses or demolished and regulates the equipment, maintenance, use and occupancy of all such buildings and/or structures. Its purpose is to protect and foster the health, safety and well-being of persons occupying or using such buildings and the general public.
C. 
Scope.
(1) 
New buildings hereafter erected in, or any building hereafter moved within or into, the Town shall conform to all the requirements of this chapter, except as they are herein specifically exempt from part or all of its provisions. Any alteration, enlargement or demolition of an existing building and any installation therein of electrical, gas, heating, plumbing or ventilating equipment which affects the health or safety of the users thereof or any other persons is a "new building" to the extent of such change. The provisions of this chapter supplement the laws of the State of Wisconsin pertaining to construction and use and the Town Zoning Code and amendments thereto on the date this chapter was adopted and in no way supersede or nullify such laws and Chapter 410, Zoning, of the Code.
(2) 
No building or structure, or any part thereof, being used or to be used for residential, agricultural, commercial or industrial purposes, shall hereafter be built, enlarged, altered, converted to other uses, demolished, or moved into or within the Town of Vinland unless a permit shall be first obtained by the owner or his/her agent from the Town. This chapter applies to all dwellings, commercial buildings/structures, swimming pools, garages, structures, buildings and residential accessory buildings. Not included are children's play structures.
(3) 
These regulations are adopted under the authority granted by § 101.65, Wis. Stats.

§ 190-2 Building permits and inspection.

A. 
Permit required.
(1) 
General permit requirement. No building of any kind shall be moved within or into the Town and no new building or structure, or any part thereof, shall hereafter be erected or ground broken for the same or enlarged, altered, moved, demolished, razed or used within the Town, except as herein provided, until a permit therefor shall first have been obtained by the owner or his/her authorized agent from the Building Inspector or his/her designee. Prior to commencing any of the following work, the owner or his/her agent shall obtain a valid permit for:
(a) 
New buildings.
(b) 
Additions that increase the physical dimensions of a building, including decks.
(c) 
Alterations to the building structure (cost shall include market labor value) or alterations to the building's heating, electrical or plumbing systems.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
(d) 
Permits are not required for replacement of major building equipment, including furnaces, central air conditioners, water heaters, other major pieces of equipment, and plumbing, venting, electrical or gas supply systems when altered.
(e) 
Exempted are exterior re-siding, re-roofing and finishing of interior surfaces, installation of cabinetry, and minor repair (not to exceed $2,000 for cost). Unless structural calculations are provided, no more than two layers of roofing shall be installed on a roof.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
(f) 
Any electrical wiring for new construction or remodeling.
(g) 
Any HVAC for new construction or remodeling.
(h) 
Any plumbing for new construction or remodeling.
(i) 
Exempt are normal repairs performed in Subsection A(1)(e) through (g).
(2) 
Alterations and repairs. The following provisions shall apply to buildings altered or repaired.
(a) 
Alterations. When any existing building or structure accommodates a legal occupancy and use but is of a substandard type of construction, then alterations which involve beams, girders, columns, bearing or other walls, room arrangement, heating and air-conditioning systems, light and ventilation, or changes in location of exit stairways or exits, or any or all of the above, may be made in order to bring such existing construction into conformity with the minimum requirements of this chapter applicable to such occupancy and use and given type of construction, when not in conflict with any other regulations.
(b) 
Repairs. Repairs for purposes of maintenance, or replacements in any existing building or structure which do not involve the structural portions of the building or structure or which do not affect room arrangement, light and ventilation, access to or efficiency of any exit stairways or exits, fire protection, or exterior aesthetic appearance, and which do not increase a given occupancy or use, shall be deemed "minor repairs."
(c) 
Alterations: when not permitted.
[1] 
When any existing building or structure, which for any reason whatsoever does not conform to the regulations of this chapter, has deteriorated from any cause whatsoever to an extent greater than 50% of the equalized value of the building or structure, no alteration or moving of such building or structure shall be permitted. Any such building or structure shall be considered a menace to public safety and welfare and shall be ordered vacated and thereafter demolished and debris removed from the premises.
[2] 
When an existing building is damaged by fire or other cause, or if alterations and repairs are made to an extent of 50% or more of the equalized value of the building before such damage or alteration, the entire building or structure shall be made to comply with the requirements of this chapter for new buildings. If the cost of such alterations or repairs is less than 50% or more of the equalized value of the buildings, the Building Inspector shall determine to what degree the portions so altered or repaired shall be made to conform to the requirements of this Code.
(d) 
Alterations and repairs required. When any of the structural members of any building or structure have deteriorated from any cause whatsoever to less than their required strength, the owner of such a building or structure shall cause such structural members to be restored to their required strength, failing in which the building or structure shall be considered a menace to public safety and shall be vacated and thereafter no further occupancy or use of the same shall be permitted until the regulations of this chapter are complied with.
(e) 
Extent of deterioration. The amount and extent of deterioration of any existing building or structure shall be determined by the Building Inspector.
B. 
Application.
(1) 
Application form. Application for a building permit shall be made in writing upon a form furnished by the Building Inspector or his/her designee and shall state the name and address of the owner of the land and also the owner of the building, if different; the legal description of the land upon which the building is to be located; the name and address of the designer; the use to which said building is to be put; and such other information as the Building Inspector may require.
(2) 
Zoning permit requirement. No permit will be issued from the Building Inspector or Town until the Zoning Administrator issues a permit in compliance with Chapter 410, Zoning, of the Town's Code.[3]
[3]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
(3) 
Public street requirement. No permit will be issued from the Building Inspector or Town if the location of a residence is not located on a state, county or Town road or street approved or accepted by the Town. No building permit for construction shall be granted unless the property abuts on a dedicated street with minimum frontage of 40 feet.
(4) 
Compliance with restrictions. The restrictions of the Winnebago County Shoreland Ordinance and the Town of Vinland Zoning Code with respect to the location of trades and industries, the use and occupancy of buildings, the height and bulk of buildings, and the areas of yards, courts and other spaces, shall not be deemed to be modified by any provisions of this chapter, and such restrictions shall be controlling except insofar as this chapter imposes greater restrictions by reason of the type of construction used; in which case the provisions of this chapter shall control.
C. 
Site plan approval.
(1) 
Site plan approval. All applications for building permits for any construction, reconstruction, expansion or conversion, except for one- and two-family residences in residentially zoned districts shall require site plan approval by the Town Board in accordance with the requirements of this section. The applicant shall submit a site plan and sufficient plans and specifications of proposed buildings, machinery and operations to enable the Town Board or its expert consultants to determine whether the proposed application meets all the requirements applicable thereto in this chapter.
(2) 
Administration. The Building Inspector shall make a preliminary review of the application and plans and refer them, along with a report of his findings, to the Town Board. The Town Board shall review the application and may refer the application and plans to one or more expert consultants selected by the Town Board to advise whether the application and plans meet all the requirements applicable thereto in this chapter. Within 30 days of its receipt of the application, the Town Board shall authorize the Building Inspector to issue or refuse a building permit.
(3) 
Requirements. In acting on any site plan, the Town Board shall consider the following:
(a) 
The appropriateness of the site plan and buildings in relation to the physical character of the site and the usage of adjoining land areas.
(b) 
The layout of the site with regard to entrances and exits to public streets; the arrangement and improvement of the interior roadways; the location, adequacy and improvement of areas for parking and for loading and unloading, and the Town Board shall, in this connection, satisfy itself that the traffic pattern generated by the proposed construction or use shall be developed in a manner consistent with the safety of residents and the community, and the applicant shall so design the construction or use as to minimize any traffic hazard created thereby.
(c) 
The adequacy of the proposed water supply, drainage facilities and sanitary and waste disposal.
(d) 
The landscaping and appearance of the completed site. The Town Board may require that those portions of all front, rear and side yards not used for off-street parking shall be attractively planted with trees, shrubs, plants or grass lawns and that the site be effectively screened so as not to impair the value of adjacent properties nor impair the intent or purposes of this section.
(4) 
Effect on municipal services. Before granting any site approval, the Town Board may, besides obtaining advice from consultants, secure such advice as may be deemed necessary from the Building Inspector or other municipal officials, with special attention to the effect of such approval upon existing municipal services and utilities. Should additional facilities be needed, the Town Board shall not issue the final approval until the Town has entered into an agreement with the applicant regarding the development of such facilities.
(5) 
Appeals. Denials of building permits contingent upon site plan approval may be appealed to the Board of Appeals by filing a notice of appeal with the Town Clerk within 10 days of the denial.
D. 
Dedicated street and approved subdivision required. No building permit shall be issued unless the property on which the building is proposed to be built abuts a street that has been dedicated for street purposes. No building permits shall be issued until the subdivision proposed and required improvements are accepted by the Town Board.
E. 
Utilities required.
(1) 
Residential buildings. No building permit shall be issued for the construction of any residential building until sewer, water, grading and graveling are installed in the street necessary to service the property for which the permit is required and a receipt for payment of electrical hookup is presented to the Building Inspector.
(2) 
Nonresidential building. No building permit shall be issued for the construction of any building other than residential until contracts have been let for the installation of sewer, water, grading and graveling in the streets necessary to service the property for which the permit is requested.
(3) 
Occupancy. No person shall occupy any building until sewer, water, grading and graveling are installed in the streets necessary to service the property, and a certificate of occupancy shall not be issued until such utilities are available to service the property.
F. 
Plans. With such application there shall be submitted two complete sets of plans and specifications, including a plot plan showing the location and dimensions of all buildings and improvements on the lot, both existing and proposed; dimensions of the lot; dimensions showing all setbacks of all buildings on the lot; proposed grade of proposed structure (to Town datum); grade of lot and of the street abutting the lot; grade and setback of adjacent buildings (if adjacent lot is vacant, submit elevation of nearest buildings on same side of street); type of monuments at each corner of lot; watercourses or existing drainage ditches, easements or other restrictions affecting such property; seal and signature of surveyor or a certificate signed by the applicant; and a construction erosion control plan setting forth proposed information and procedures needed for control of soil erosion, surface water runoff and sediment deposition at the building site. Plans, specifications and plot plans shall be drawn to a minimum scale of 1/4 inch to one foot (fireplace details to 3/4 inch to one foot). One set of plans shall be returned after approval as provided in this chapter. The second set shall be filed in the office of the Building Inspector. Plans for buildings involving the State Building Code shall bear the stamp of approval of the State Department of Safety and Professional Services. One plan shall be submitted which shall remain on file in the office of the Building Inspector. All plans and specifications shall be signed by the designer. Plans for all new one- and two-family dwellings shall comply with the provisions of § SPS 320.09, Wis. Adm. Code.[4]
[4]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
G. 
Waiver of plans; minor repairs.
(1) 
Waiver. If the Building Inspector finds that the character of the work is sufficiently described in the application, he/she may waive the filing of plans for alterations, repairs or moving, provided the cost of such work does not exceed $2,000.
(2) 
Minor repairs. The Building Inspector may authorize minor repairs or maintenance work on any structure or to heating, ventilating or air-conditioning systems installed therein with a fair market value of less than $1,000, as determined by the Building Inspector, including market value of labor, which do not change the occupancy area, exterior aesthetic appearance, structural strength, fire protection exits, light or ventilation of the building or structure, without issuance of a building permit.
H. 
Approval of plans; permit issuance.
(1) 
If the Building Inspector determines that the building will comply in every respect with all ordinances and orders of the Town and all applicable laws and orders of the State of Wisconsin, he/she shall issue a building permit, which shall state the use to which said building is to be put, which permit shall be kept and displayed at the site of the proposed building. After being approved, the plans and specifications shall not be altered in any respect which involves any of the above-mentioned ordinances, laws or orders, or which involves the safety of the building or the occupants, except with the written consent of the Building Inspector.
(2) 
A permit shall be issued in the name of the owner when plans and specifications comply with all applicable laws and regulations, including zoning and subdivision control. If plans and specifications do not comply with all applicable laws and regulations, the Building Inspector or Town shall refuse to issue the permit, or has the discretion to issue a conditional permit, subject to any written orders necessary to bring the proposed construction within compliance.
(3) 
In case adequate plans are presented for part of the building only, the Building Inspector, at his/her discretion, may issue a permit for that part of the building before receiving the plans and specifications for the entire building.
I. 
Inspections.
(1) 
The following inspections shall be requested 48 hours (business work) in advance by the applicant/contractor or property owner, as applicable:
(a) 
Footing/foundation.
(b) 
Rough carpentry, HVAC, electric and plumbing.
(c) 
Drain tile/basement floor.
(d) 
Under-floor plumbing/electric service.
(e) 
Insulation.
(f) 
Final carpentry, HVAC, electric and plumbing.
(g) 
Erosion control.
(2) 
Failure to request any inspection will be the responsibility of the contractor and/or property owner.
J. 
Permit lapses. A building permit shall lapse and be void unless building operations are commenced within six months or if construction has not been completed within 24 months from the date of issuance thereof.
K. 
Revocation of permits.
(1) 
The Building Inspector or the Town Board may revoke any building, plumbing or electric permit, certificate of occupancy, or approval issued under the regulations of this chapter and may stop construction or use of approved new materials, equipment, methods of construction, devices or appliances for any of the following reasons:
(a) 
Whenever the Building Inspector shall find at any time that applicable ordinances, laws, orders, plans and specifications are not being complied with and that the holder of the permit refused to conform after written warning has been issued to him/her.[5]
[5]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
(b) 
Whenever the continuance of any construction becomes dangerous to life or property.
(c) 
Whenever there is any violation of any condition or provision of the application for permit or of the permit.
(d) 
Whenever, in the opinion of the Building Inspector, there is inadequate supervision provided on the job site.
(e) 
Whenever any false statement or misrepresentation has been made in the application for permit, plans, drawings, data, specifications or certified lot or plot plan on which the issuance of the permit or approval was based.
(f) 
Whenever there is a violation of any of the conditions of an approval or certificate of occupancy given by the Building Inspector for the use of all new materials, equipment, methods or construction devices or appliances.[6]
[6]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
(2) 
The notice revoking a building, plumbing or electrical permit, certificate of occupancy or approval shall be in writing and may be served upon the applicant for the permit, owner of the premises and his/her agent, if any, and on the person having charge of construction.[7]
[7]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
(3) 
A revocation placard shall also be posted upon the building, structure, equipment or premises in question by the Building Inspector.
(4) 
After the notice is served upon the persons as aforesaid and posted, it shall be unlawful for any person to proceed thereafter with any construction operation whatsoever on the premises, and the permit which has been so revoked shall be null and void, and before any construction or operation is again resumed a new permit, as required by this chapter, shall be procured and fees paid therefor, and thereafter the resumption of any construction or operation shall be in compliance with the regulations of this chapter. However, such work as the Building Inspector may order as a condition precedent to the reissuance of the building permit, or such work as he/she may require for the preservation of life and safety, may be performed.
L. 
Report of violation. Town officers shall report at once to the Building Inspector any building which is being carried on without a permit as required by this chapter.
M. 
Display of permit. Building permits shall be displayed in a conspicuous place on the premises where the authorized building or work is in progress at all times during construction or work thereon.

§ 190-3 State Uniform Dwelling Code adopted.

A. 
Adoption of codes.
(1) 
The following Wisconsin Administrative Codes and subsequent revisions are adopted for municipal enforcement:
(a) 
Ch. SPS 316, Electrical Code.
(b) 
Chs. SPS 320 to 325, Uniform Dwelling Code.
(c) 
Ch. SPS 305, Licenses, Certifications and Registrations.
(d) 
Chs. SPS 361 to 365, Commercial Building Code.
(e) 
Ch. SPS 366, Existing Buildings.
(f) 
Ch. SPS 367, Rental Unit Energy Efficiency.
(g) 
Chs. SPS 381 to 387, Plumbing.
(h) 
Chs. SPS 375 to 379, Buildings Constructed Prior to 1914.
(2) 
Any act required to be performed or prohibited by an Administrative Code provision incorporated herein by reference is required or prohibited by this chapter. Any future amendments, revisions or modifications of the Administrative Code provisions incorporated herein are intended to be made part of this chapter to secure uniform statewide regulation of one- and two-family dwellings in this Town. A copy of these Administrative Code provisions and any future amendments shall be kept on file in the Town Clerk's office.
B. 
Existing buildings. The "Wisconsin Uniform Dwelling Code" shall also apply to buildings and conditions where:
(1) 
An existing building is to be occupied as a one- or two-family dwelling, which building was not previously so occupied.
(2) 
An existing structure that is altered or repaired when the cost of such alteration or repair during the life of the structure exceeds 50% of the equalized value of the structure; said value to be determined by the Town Assessor.
(3) 
Additions and alterations, regardless of cost, made to an existing building when deemed necessary in the opinion of the Building Inspector shall comply with the requirements of this chapter for new buildings. The provisions of § 190-2 shall also apply.
(4) 
Roof coverings. Whenever more than 25% of the roof covering of a building is replaced in any twelve-month period, all roof covering shall be in conformity with applicable sections of this chapter.
(5) 
Additions and alterations. Any addition or alteration, regardless of cost, made to a building shall be made in conformity with applicable sections of this chapter.
C. 
Definitions. The following definitions shall be applicable in this chapter:
ADDITION
New construction performed on a dwelling which increases the outside dimensions of the dwelling.
ALTERATION
A substantial change or modification other than an addition or minor repair to a dwelling or to systems involved within a dwelling.
DEPARTMENT
The Wisconsin Department of Safety and Professional Services, formerly the Department of Industry, Labor and Human Relations.
(1) 
Any building, the initial construction of which is commenced on or after the effective date of this chapter, which contains one or two dwelling units; or
(2) 
An existing structure, or that part of an existing structure, which is used or intended to be used as a one- or two-family dwelling.
MINOR REPAIR
Repair performed for maintenance or replacement purposes on any existing one- or two-family dwelling, which does not affect room arrangement, light and ventilation, access to or efficiency of any exit stairways or exits, fire protection or exterior aesthetic appearance and which does not increase a given occupancy and use. No building permit is required for work to be performed which is deemed minor repair.
ONE- OR TWO-FAMILY DWELLING
A building structure which contains one or two separate households intended to be used as a home, residence or sleeping place by an individual or by two or more individuals maintaining a common household to the exclusion of all others.
PERSON
An individual, partnership, firm or corporation.
UNIFORM DWELLING CODE
Those Administrative Code provisions, and any future amendments, revisions or modifications thereto, contained in the following chapters of the Wisconsin Administrative Code:
(1) 
S 320 - Administration and Enforcement.
(2) 
S 321 - Construction Standards.
(3) 
S 322 - Energy Conservation.
(4) 
S 323 - Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning.
(5) 
S 324 - Electrical Standards.
(6) 
S 325 - Plumbing.
D. 
Method of enforcement.
(1) 
Certified inspector to enforce. The Building Inspector and his/her delegated representatives are hereby authorized and directed to administer and enforce all of the provisions of the Uniform Dwelling Code. The Building Inspector shall be certified for inspection purposes by the Department in each of the categories specified under § SPS 305.63, Wis. Adm. Code.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
(2) 
Subordinates. The Building Inspector may appoint, as necessary, subordinates as authorized by the Town Board.
(3) 
Duties. The Building Inspector shall administer and enforce all provisions of this chapter and the Uniform Dwelling Code.
(4) 
Inspection powers. The Building Inspector or an authorized certified agent may at all reasonable hours enter upon any public or private premises for inspection purposes and may require the production of the permit for any building, plumbing, electrical or heating work. No person shall interfere with or refuse to permit access to any such premises by the Building Inspector or his/her agent while in performance of his/her duties.
(5) 
Records. The Building Inspector shall perform all administrative tasks required by the Department under the Uniform Dwelling Code. In addition, the Building Inspector shall keep a record of all applications for building permits in a book for such purposes and shall regularly number each permit in the order of its issue. Also, a record showing the number, description and size of all buildings erected, indicating the kind of materials used and the cost of each building and aggregate cost of all one- and two-family dwellings, shall be kept.

§ 190-4 Construction standards; codes adopted.

A. 
Portions of State Building Code adopted. Chs. SPS 361 through SPS 366, Wis. Adm. Code (Wisconsin Commercial Building Code), are hereby adopted and made a part of this chapter with respect to those classes of buildings to which this Building Code specifically applies. Any future amendments, revisions and modifications of said Chs. 361 to 366 incorporated herein are intended to be made a part of this chapter. A copy of said Chs. 361 to 366, and amendments thereto, shall be kept on file in the office of the Town Clerk.
B. 
State Plumbing Code adopted. The provisions and regulations of Ch. 145, Wis. Stats., and Chs. SPS 381 to 387, Wis. Adm. Code, are hereby made a part of this chapter by reference and shall extend over and govern the installation of all plumbing that is installed, altered or repaired in the Town. Any further amendments, revisions and modifications of said Wisconsin Statutes and Wisconsin Administrative Code adopted by reference herein are intended to be made part of this chapter.
C. 
State Electrical Code adopted.
(1) 
Wisconsin Administrative Code Ch. SPS 324 is hereby adopted by reference and made a part of this chapter and shall apply to the construction and inspection of new one- and two-family dwellings and additions or modifications to existing one- and two-family dwellings.
(2) 
Subject to the exceptions set forth in this chapter, Chs. SPS 316 (Electrical) and PSC 114 (Wisconsin State Electrical Code, Vol. 1), Wis. Adm. Code., are hereby adopted by reference and made a part of this section and shall apply to all buildings, except those covered in Subsection C(1) above.
D. 
Conflicts. If in the opinion of the Building Inspector and the Town Board the provisions of the State Building Code adopted by Subsection A of this section shall conflict with the provisions of the Federal Housing Administration standards in their application to any proposed building or structure, the Inspector and/or the Town shall apply the most stringent provisions in determining whether or not the proposed building meets the requirements of this section.

§ 190-5 Electrical permits and inspections.

A. 
State code adopted. All electrical work, including the placing of wires and other equipment, shall conform to the Wisconsin State Electrical Code. A copy of such code shall be kept on file in the office of the Town Clerk.
B. 
Permit. No electric wiring or other equipment shall be installed or altered without first securing a permit therefor from the Building Inspector, except that repairs or replacements of broken or defective sockets, switches or base receptacles may be made without a permit. The application for such permit shall be on a form furnished by the Building Inspector and shall state clearly the work planned, alterations to be made and equipment and materials to be used. All later deviations from such plan shall be submitted to and approved by the Building Inspector.
C. 
Inspection of work. After roughing in the wiring of any building and before any such work is covered up or upon completion of any outside wiring construction work, the person doing such work shall notify the Building Inspector, who shall at once inspect the same. Upon completion of such wiring, the Building Inspector shall be notified and shall inspect the finished work. If he/she finds that the work conforms to the State Electrical Code, he/she shall issue a certificate of compliance, which shall contain the date and an outline of the result of such inspection, a duplicate of which shall be filed in the office of the Building Inspector. No such electrical equipment shall be used until such certificate has been issued.

§ 190-6 Plumbing permits and inspections.

A. 
"Plumbing" defined. For the purpose of this chapter:
PLUMBING
As defined in § 145.01(10), Wis. Stats. The construction, connection to or alteration of any drain, soil or waste pipe to carry domestic sewage, stormwater or industrial waste from a point three feet outside of the foundation walls of any building to the sewer lateral at the curb or other disposal termination, including the private sewage disposal or treatment plant. This definition does not include minor repairs to faucets and the removal of stoppages in soil or waste pipes.
B. 
Inspectors. The plumber in charge shall notify the Building Inspector whenever any work is ready for inspection. All plumbing work shall be left exposed until the Inspector has completed his/her examination and inspection. When, in the opinion of the Building Inspector, a test in addition to the provisions of § SPS 382.21, Wis. Adm. Code, is necessary he/she may require a water or air test on all or part of the installation.
C. 
Applications and permits.
(1) 
Application. No plumbing shall be installed in the Town without first filing an application and receiving a permit. This shall apply to any building located outside the limits of the Town before such building may be connected to the Town sewer or water system. Each application shall be approved by the Building Inspector before a permit to install plumbing may be issued. Only licensed master plumbers may receive such permits, except that a permit may be issued to a property owner to install plumbing in a single-family residence which is owned and occupied by such owner as his/her home.
(2) 
Permit. A permit shall be applied for and received before excavating in any street, alley or other public way to repair, alter or install plumbing. No charge shall be made for such permit, but the applicant shall furnish a bond when street excavation are involved, pursuant to Chapter 358, Article III, of this Code.

§ 190-7 New methods and materials.

A. 
All materials, methods of construction and devices designed for use in buildings or structures covered by this section and not specifically mentioned in or permitted by this section shall not be so used until approved in writing by the Wisconsin Department of Safety and Professional Services (formerly the State Department of Industry, Labor and Human Relations) for use in buildings or structures covered by the Wisconsin State Building Code, except sanitary appliances, which shall be approved in accordance with the State Plumbing Code.
B. 
Such materials, methods of construction and devices, when approved, must be installed or used in strict compliance with the manufacturer's specifications and any rules or conditions of use established by the Wisconsin Department of Safety and Professional Services (formerly the State Department of Industry, Labor and Human Relations). The data, test and other evidence necessary to prove the merits of such material, method of construction or device shall be determined by the Wisconsin Department of Safety and Professional Services.

§ 190-8 Unsafe buildings.

A. 
Whenever the Building Inspector or Town Board finds any building or part thereof within the Town of Vinland to be, in its judgment, so old, dilapidated or out of repair as to be dangerous, unsafe, unsanitary or otherwise unfit for human occupancy or use and so that it would be unreasonable to repair the same, it shall order the owner to raze and remove such building or part thereof or, if it can be made safe by repairs, to repair and make safe and sanitary or to raze and remove, at the owner's option. Such order and proceedings shall be as provided in § 66.0413, Wis. Stats.
B. 
Every building and structure heretofore or hereafter erected, and the permanent building equipment thereof, shall be kept in good repair and safely and sanitarily maintained, and to that end the Building Inspector may require the repair or removal of any building or structure or part thereof which has become deteriorated, is unsanitary, has been damaged by fire or other means, is improperly or poorly fastened, is left open and unguarded, is deficient to exit facilities, which constitutes a fire hazard, or is required by this chapter and now missing; or he may issue any orders necessary to maintain the conditions of safety and habitability required by this chapter.
C. 
In case there shall be, in the opinion of the Building Inspector, actual and immediate danger of failure or collapse of a building or structure or portion thereof so as to endanger life or property, the Building Inspector may cause the necessary work to be done to render said building or structure or portion thereof temporarily safe. The expense thereof may be recovered from the owner and may be applied as a special charge on the owner's real estate tax bill.
D. 
When a building or structure or portion thereof is in an unsafe condition so that life is endangered thereby, the Building Inspector may order the occupants to vacate the same forthwith and may, when necessary for the public safety, temporarily close sidewalks, streets, buildings, structures and places adjacent to such building or structure and prohibit the same from being used.

§ 190-9 Disclaimer on inspections.

The purpose of the inspections under this chapter is to improve the quality of housing in the Town of Vinland. The inspections and the reports and findings issued after the inspections are not intended as, nor are they to be construed as, a guaranty. In order to so advise owners and other interested persons, the following disclaimer shall be applicable to all inspections under this chapter: "These findings of inspection contained herein are intended to report conditions of noncompliance with code standards that are readily apparent at the time of the inspection. The inspection does not involved a detailed examination of the mechanical systems or the closed structural and nonstructural elements of the building and premises. No warranty of the operation, use or durability of equipment and materials not specifically cited herein is expressed or implied."

§ 190-10 Garages.

A. 
Definitions. As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meaning indicated:
ATTACHED PRIVATE GARAGE
A private garage attached directly to the principal building, or attached by means of an enclosed or open breezeway, porch, terrace or a private garage so constructed as to form an integral part of the principal building.
DETACHED PRIVATE GARAGE
A private garage entirely separated from the principal building.
ONE-HOUR FIRE-RESISTIVE CONSTRUCTION
Construction which shall include the following assemblies and materials:
(1) 
Two-inch brick or stone veneer.
(2) 
Metal lath or preformed rock lath and 3/4 inch of plaster.
(3) 
Five-eighths inch of vermiculite plaster board.
(4) 
Five-eighths inch Fire Code gypsum plaster board.
B. 
Footings and foundations.
(1) 
Detached garage.
(a) 
Detached private garages, 600 square feet or more in floor area, shall have:
[1] 
Footings and foundation walls established below the frost line;[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
[2] 
A reinforced concrete slab not less than four inches in thickness; or
[3] 
A concrete slab with grade beam.
(b) 
Detached private garages of less than 600 square feet may be constructed on a reinforced concrete slab not less than four inches in thickness.
(2) 
Attached garages. Attached private garages, shall be provided with the same type footings and foundations as required herein for the principal building.
(3) 
Floor surface. The floor in all private garages shall be of concrete construction. No openings or pits in the floor shall be permitted, except for drainage.
C. 
Construction.
(1) 
All private garages. Private garages shall be constructed as follows:
(a) 
Load-bearing foundation walls and piers, masonry walls and partitions shall be constructed as regulated herein, except as stated above.
(b) 
Detached private garages of wood frame construction shall be constructed with the following minimum requirements:
[1] 
Studs may have a maximum spacing of 24 inches on center.
[2] 
Diagonal corner bracing may be applied on the inside surface of studs.
[3] 
Corner posts may consist of two two-inch-by-four-inch studs or a single four-inch-by-four-inch stud.
[4] 
Horizontal bracing and collar beams may be two inches by six inches with a maximum spacing of four feet on center.
(c) 
Attached private garages shall be of the same type of construction as that of the principal building and as further regulated in this chapter.
(2) 
Attached private garages. Private garages may be attached to or made a part of residence buildings when in compliance with the following regulations:
(a) 
All walls in common with a principal building and attached private garage shall be of not less than one-hour fire-resistive construction on garage interior.
(b) 
An attached private garage may have a door connecting directly into the principal building, provided that the floor of that garage is at least eight inches below the floor of such principal building. Such door shall be a self-closing metal-clad door or solid wood door not less than 1 3/4 inches in thickness.

§ 190-11 Regulation and permit for razing buildings.

A. 
Demolition permit required. All persons who demolish or cause to be demolished any structure or part of a structure larger than 400 square feet within the Town of Vinland shall apply for and obtain a demolition permit from the Building Inspector prior to undertaking any steps to demolish the structure.
B. 
Application. An application for a razing permit to demolish all or part of a building shall include the following information:
(1) 
The name and address of the owner of the building on date of application and, if different, on date of demolition;
(2) 
The name, address and telephone number of the contractor(s) performing the demolition work;
(3) 
The date upon which demolition is to commence;
(4) 
The date by which demolition shall be complete;
(5) 
A list of all hazardous waste and hazardous and toxic substances (as defined by § NR 661.03, Wis. Adm. Code, as amended from time to time) contained in the building; a statement as to whether the building contains asbestos [as defined by § 254.11(1), Wis. Stats.]; and a detailed description of the method to be used in removing, transporting and disposing of any hazardous waste, hazardous and toxic substances, and asbestos;
(6) 
A detailed description of how and where the waste materials resulting from the demolition will be transported and disposed of (including the description of the route to be used by trucks in hauling the waste);
(7) 
A description of the method of demolition to be used; and
(8) 
A description in detail of all methods to be used to prevent water runoff and soil erosion from the site to neighboring properties and to prevent releasing unreasonable amounts of dust from the site;
(9) 
Along with the application for permit for demolition, the applicant shall present a release from all utilities serving the property, stating that their respective service connections and appurtenant equipment such as meters and regulators have been removed or sealed and plugged in a safe manner.
C. 
Demolition.
(1) 
The demolition shall be conducted in a manner that is safe and that does not adversely affect the environment.
(2) 
Before a building can be demolished or removed, the owner or his/her agent shall notify all utilities having service connections within the building, such as water, electricity, gas, sewer and other connections.
(3) 
Whenever a building is demolished, the roof and each upper story shall be taken down before the demolition of the next lower story is begun; no material shall be placed in such a manner as to overload any part of such building in the course of demolition; all brick, stone, timber and structural parts of each story shall be lowered to the ground immediately upon displacement: all dry mortar, lime, brick dust, plaster, or other flying material shall, before and during removal, be dampened sufficiently to prevent it from floating or being blown into the street or on adjoining property; and all sidewalks shall be protected by fences and scaffolds as required by this chapter for the protection of sidewalks during the erection of buildings.
D. 
Clearing and leveling the site.
(1) 
The site of any demolition shall be properly cleared of debris, rubbish and pavement and shall be properly graded and leveled to conform with the adjoining grade of the neighboring property; and when so graded and leveled, the site shall be seeded, sodded or treated in some other manner acceptable to the Building Inspector so as to prevent blowing dust, dirt or sand. Excavations remaining after demolition shall be filled, graded and leveled off not later than 30 consecutive days after demolition is completed.
(2) 
Excavations from demolished buildings or structures shall not be filled with any materials subject to deterioration. The Building Inspector, upon notification by the permit holder, the owner or his/her agent, in writing and upon forms provided by the Building Inspector for that purpose, shall within 72 hours inspect each excavation, or part thereof, before filling any excavation.
(3) 
It shall be unlawful to fill any such excavation without inspection and approved of the Building Inspector. Voids in filled excavations shall not be permitted. In the event of the unavailability of the Building Inspector to conduct an inspection within the 72 hours after written notice; the permit holder, owner or his/her agent may retain the services of a certified, qualified municipal inspection service to obtain an opinion that approves filling of the excavation. Said opinion shall be deemed a sufficient approval by the Town, provided that a written copy of the opinion is delivered to the Town Clerk at least 48 hours before filling of the excavation commences.
E. 
Removal and disposal. Removal, transportation and disposal of all hazardous waste, hazardous and toxic substances, and asbestos shall be conducted in compliance with all applicable state, federal and local statutes, ordinances and regulations. The permit holder shall give the Building Inspector 72 hours' written notice prior to any removal, transportation or disposal of hazardous waste, hazardous and toxic substances, and asbestos.
F. 
Miscellaneous provisions.
(1) 
A snow fence or other approved barricade shall be provided as soon as any portion of the building is removed and shall remain during razing operations.
(2) 
Razing permits shall lapse and be void unless the work authorized thereby is commenced within six months from the date thereof or completed within 30 days from the date of commencement of said work. Any unfinished portion of work remaining beyond the required 30 days must have special approval from the Building Inspector.
(3) 
All debris must be hauled away at the end of each week for the work that was done on that week. No combustible material shall be used for backfill but shall be hauled away. There shall not be any burning of materials on the site of the razed building.
(4) 
If any razing or removal operation under this section results in, or would likely result in, an excessive amount of dust particles in the air, creating a nuisance in the vicinity thereof, the permittee shall take all necessary steps, by use of water spraying or other appropriate means, to eliminate such nuisance.
(5) 
The permittee shall take all necessary steps, prior to the razing of a building, through the employment of a qualified person in the field of pest control or by other appropriate means, to treat the building as to prevent the spread and migration of rodents and insects therefrom during and after the razing operations.

§ 190-12 Basements; excavations.

A. 
Basement subflooring. First-floor subflooring shall be completed within 60 days after the basement is excavated.
B. 
Fencing of excavations. The owner of any premises on which there exists an opening or excavation (including for sewer and water lateral excavations) which is located in close proximity to a public sidewalk or street right-of-way as to constitute a hazard to pedestrian or vehicular traffic shall erect a fence, wall or railing at least four feet high between such opening or excavation and the public right-of-way before workers leave the job site.
C. 
Closing of abandoned excavations. Any excavation for building purposes or any uncovered foundation which shall remain open for more than three months shall be deemed abandoned and a nuisance, and the Building Inspector shall order that unless the erection of the building or structure on the excavation or foundation shall commence or continue forthwith suitable safeguards shall be provided to prevent accidental injury to children or other frequenters or that the excavation or foundation be filled to grade. Such order shall be served upon the owner of record or the owner's agent, where an agent is in charge of the premises, and upon the holder of an encumbrance of record in the manner provided for service of a summons in the circuit court. If the owner or the holder of an encumbrance of record cannot be found, the order may be served by posting it on the premises and make publication in the official newspaper for two consecutive publications at least 10 days before the time for compliance stated in the order commences to run. Such time shall be not less than 14 nor more than 20 days after service. If the owner of the land fails to comply with the order within the time required, the Building Inspector shall cause the excavation or foundation to be filled to grade. The cost of such abatement shall be charged against the real estate and entered on the next succeeding tax roll as a special charge and shall bear interest at a rate established by the Town Board from the date of the report by the Building Inspector on the cost thereof, pursuant to the provisions of § 66.0627, Wis. Stats.
D. 
Fill dirt. Fill dirt used at a site shall be graded within four weeks.

§ 190-13 Regulations for moving buildings.

A. 
General requirements.
(1) 
No person shall move any building or structure greater than 200 square feet upon any of the public ways of the Town of Vinland without first obtaining a permit therefor from the Building Inspector and upon the payment of the required fee. Every such permit issued by the Building Inspector for the moving of a building shall designate the route to be taken, the conditions to be complied with and shall limit the time during which said moving operations shall be continued. No building or structure of any type can be parked or temporarily stored in the Town for a period of more than 72 hours without the issuance of a permit hereunder before the building or structure is moved into Town. All buildings or structures that are moved into the Town must be made ready for occupancy within one year of the issuance of the permit.
(2) 
A report shall be made by Town employees with regard to possible damage to trees. The estimated cost of trimming, removal and replacement of public trees, as determined by the Town, shall be paid to the Town Clerk prior to issuance of the moving permit.
(3) 
Issuance of moving permit shall further be conditioned on approval of the moving route by the Town Board.
B. 
Moving damaged buildings. No building shall be repaired, altered or moved within or into the Town that has deteriorated or has been damaged by any cause (including such moving and separation from its foundation and service connections in case of moved buildings) 50% or more of its equalized value, and no permit shall be granted to repair, alter or move such building within or into the Town. Furthermore, if the equalized assessed value of the building is not within 20% of the surrounding buildings where the building is proposed to be moved to, no permit shall be granted unless the building is improved to be within the 20%. Such determination shall be made by the Building Inspector, who may seek a recommendation from the Town Assessor.
C. 
Continuous movement. The movement of buildings shall be a continuous operation during all the hours of the day and at night, until such movement is fully completed. All such operations shall be performed with the least possible obstruction to thoroughfares. No building shall be allowed to remain overnight upon any street crossing or intersection or so near thereto as to prevent easy access to any fire hydrant or any other public facility. Lights shall be kept in conspicuous places at each end of the building during the night.
D. 
Street repair. Every person receiving a permit to move a building shall, within one day after said building reaches its destination, report that fact to the Building Inspector, who shall inspect the streets, highways and curbs and gutters over which said building has been moved and ascertain their condition. If the removal of said building has caused any damage to any street or highway, the person to whom the permit was issued shall forthwith place them in as good repair as they were before the permit was granted. On the failure of said permittee to do so within 10 days thereafter to the satisfaction of the Town Board, the Town shall repair the damage done to such streets and hold the person obtaining such permit and the sureties on his/her bond responsible for the payment of the same.
E. 
Conformance with code. No permit shall be issued to move a building within or into the Town and to establish it upon a location within the said Town until the Building Inspector has made an investigation of such building at the location from which it is to be moved and is satisfied from such investigation that said building is in a sound and stable condition and of such construction that it will meet the requirements of this chapter in all respects. A complete plan of all further repairs, improvements and remodeling with reference to such building shall be submitted to the Building Inspector, and he/she shall make a finding of fact to the effect that all such repairs, improvements and remodeling are in conformity with the requirements of this chapter and that, when the same are complete, the building as such will so comply with said Building Code. In the event a building is to be moved from the Town to some point outside the boundaries thereof, the provisions with respect to the furnishing of plans and specifications for proposed alterations to such building may be disregarded.
F. 
Bond.
(1) 
Before a permit is issued to move any building over any public way in the Town, the party applying therefor shall give a bond to the Town of Vinland in a sum to be fixed by the Building Inspector and which shall not be less than $50,000, said bond to be executed by a corporate surety or two personal sureties to be approved by the Town Board or designated agent, conditioned upon, among other things, the indemnification to the Town for any costs or expenses incurred by it in connection with any claims for damages to any persons or property and the payment of any judgment together with the costs and expenses incurred by the Town in connection therewith arising out of the removal of the building for which the permit is issued.
(2) 
Unless the Building Inspector, upon investigation, shall find it to be a fact that the excavation exposed by the removal of such building from its foundation shall not be so close to a public thoroughfare as to permit the accidental falling therein of travelers or the location, nature and physical characteristics of the premises and the exposed excavation such as to make intrusion upon the premises and the falling into such excavation of children under 12 years of age unlikely, the bond required by Subsection F(1) shall be further conditioned upon the permittee erecting adequate barriers and, within 48 hours, filling in such excavation or adopting and employing such other means, devices or methods approved by the Building Inspector and reasonably adopted or calculated to prevent the occurrences set forth herein.
G. 
Insurance. The Building Inspector shall require, in addition to said bond above indicated, public liability insurance covering injury to one person in the sum of not less than $500,000 and for one accident, aggregate not less than $1,000,000, together with property damage insurance in a sum not less than $500,000, or such other coverage as deemed necessary.
H. 
Town Board approval.
(1) 
No such permit shall be issued unless it has found as a fact by the Town Board, by at least a majority vote, after an examination of the application for the permit, which shall include exterior elevations of the building and accurate photographs of all sides and views of the same in case it is proposed to alter the exterior of said building, plans and specifications of such proposed alterations, and after a view of the building proposed to be moved and of the site at which it is to be located, that the exterior architectural appeal and functional plans of the building to be moved or moved and altered will not be so at variance with either the exterior architectural appeal and functional plan of the buildings already constructed or in the course of construction in the immediate neighborhood or in the character of the applicable district established by the zoning ordinances of the Town or any ordinance amendatory thereof or supplementary thereto as to cause a substantial depreciation of the property values of said neighborhood within said applicable district. In case the applicant proposes to alter the exterior of said building after moving the same, he/she shall submit, with his/her application papers, complete plans and specifications for the proposed alterations. Before a permit shall be issued for a building to be moved and altered, the applicant shall give a cash bond to the Town Board, which shall not be less than $50,000, to be executed in the manner provided in Subsection F hereof, to the effect that he/she will, within a time to be set by the Town Board, complete the proposed exterior alterations to said building in the manner set forth in his/her plans and specifications. This bond shall be in addition to any other bond or surety which may be required by other applicable ordinances of the Town. No certificate of occupancy shall be issued for said building until the exterior alterations proposed to be made have been completed.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
(2) 
Upon application being made to the Building Inspector, he/she shall request a meeting of the Town Board to consider application for moving permits which he/she has found comply in all respects with all other ordinances of the Town. The Town Board may, if it desires, hear the applicant for the moving permit in question and/or the owner of the lot on which it is proposed to locate the building in question, together with any other persons, either residents or property owners, desiring to be heard, giving such notice of hearing as it may deem sufficient. Such hearing may be adjourned for a reasonable length of time and, within 48 hours after the close of the hearing, the Town Board shall, in writing, make or refuse to make the finding required by Subsection H(1) hereof and file it in the office of Town Clerk, who shall send a copy of it to the Building Inspector.

§ 190-14 Fees.

A. 
Permit fees. Before receiving a building permit, the owner or his/her agent shall pay to the Town of Vinland permit fees as established by resolution of the Town Board.
B. 
Fees statement. The Building Inspector or Town shall issue a statement of required fees, which shall be filed with the Town Treasurer for payment thereof made by the applicant. The applicant shall present to the Building Inspector or Town the receipt of the Town Treasurer, showing the payment of all required fees, and shall thereupon be issued the permit.
C. 
Penalty for no permit. In the event work is commenced prior to obtaining a building permit, all fees shall be doubled.

§ 190-15 Severability.

If any section, clause, provision or portion of this chapter, or of the Wisconsin Administrative Code adopted by reference, is adjudged unconstitutional or invalid by a court of competent jurisdiction, the remaining provisions shall not be affected.

§ 190-16 Violations and penalties.

A. 
Any building or structure hereafter erected, enlarged, altered or repaired or any use hereafter established in violation of the provisions of this chapter shall be deemed an unlawful building, structure or use. The Building Inspector shall promptly report all such violations to the Town Board and Town Attorney, who shall bring an action to enjoin the erection, enlargement, alterations, repair or moving of such building or structure or the establishment of such use of buildings in violation of this chapter or to cause such building, structure or use to be removed, and such violation may also be subject to a penalty as provided in the general penalty provisions of this Code (see § 1-4). In any such action, the fact that a permit was issued shall not constitute a defense, nor shall any error, oversight or dereliction of duty on the part of the Building Inspector or other Town officials constitute a defense. Compliance with the provisions of this chapter may also be enforced by injunctional order at the suit of the owner or owners of any real estate within the jurisdiction of this chapter.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
B. 
Correction of noncompliance or violation.
(1) 
If an inspection reveals a noncompliance with this chapter or the Uniform Dwelling Code, the Building Inspector shall notify the applicant and the owner, in writing, of the violation to be corrected. All cited violations shall be corrected within 30 days after written notification unless an extension of time is granted pursuant to § SPS 320.21, Wis. Adm. Code.
(2) 
If, after written notification, the violation is not corrected within 30 days, a stop-work order may be served on the owner or his or her representative and a copy thereof shall be posted at the construction site. Such stop-work order shall not be removed except by written notice of the Building Inspector after satisfactory evidence has been supplied that the cited violation has been corrected.
(3) 
Each day each violation continues after the thirty-day written notice period has run shall constitute a separate offense. Nothing in this chapter shall preclude the Town from maintaining any appropriate action to prevent or remove a violation of any provisions of this chapter or the Uniform Dwelling Code.
(4) 
If any construction or work governed by the provisions of this chapter or the Uniform Dwelling Code is commenced prior to the issuance of a permit, double fees shall be charged.
C. 
Any person feeling aggrieved by an order or a determination of the Building Inspector may appeal from such order or determination to the Board of Appeals. Those procedures customarily used to effectuate an appeal to the Board of Appeals shall apply.
D. 
Except as may otherwise be provided by the statute or ordinance, no officer, agent or employee of the Town of Vinland charged with the enforcement of this chapter shall render himself/herself personally liable for any damage that may accrue to persons or property as a result of any act required or permitted in the discharge of his/her duties under this chapter. Any suit brought against any officer, agent or employee of the Town as a result of any act required or permitted in the discharge of his/her duties under this chapter shall be defended by the legal representative of the Town until the final determination of the proceedings therein.