City of Bolivar, MO
Polk County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

Section 740.010 Purpose.

[Ord. No. 3239 §1, 9-24-2015]
A. 
The purpose of these rules and regulations is:
1. 
To protect the public potable water supply from contamination or pollution by isolating within the consumer's water system contaminants or pollutants which could backflow through the service connection into the public potable water system.
2. 
To promote the elimination or control of existing cross-connections, actual or potential, between the public or consumer's potable water system and non-potable water systems, plumbing fixtures and sources or systems containing process fluids.
3. 
To provide for the maintenance of a continuing program of cross-connection control which will systematically and effectively prevent the contamination or pollution of the public and consumer's potable water system.

Section 740.020 Application.

[Ord. No. 3239 §1, 9-24-2015]
These rules and regulations shall apply to all premises served by the public potable water system of the City.

Section 740.030 Policy.

[Ord. No. 3239 §1, 9-24-2015]
The Public Works Director shall be responsible for protection of the public potable water system from contamination due to backflow of contaminants through the water service connection. If, in the judgment of the Public Works Director or his/her authorized representative, the possibility of backflow exists, he/she shall give notice to the consumer to install such approved backflow prevention device at each service connection to his/her premises. The consumer shall immediately install such approved device or devices at his/her own expense and failure, refusal or inability on the part of the consumer to install such device or devices immediately shall constitute grounds for discontinuing water service to the premises until such device or devices have been installed.

Section 740.040 Definitions.

[Ord. No. 3239 §1, 9-24-2015]
The following definitions shall apply in the interpretation and enforcement of this Chapter:
AIR-GAP SEPARATION
The unobstructed vertical distance through the free atmosphere between the lowest opening from any pipe or faucet supply water to a tank, plumbing fixture or other device and the overflow level rim of the receptacle.
APPROVED
A backflow prevention device or method accepted by the Water Purveyor as suitable for the proposed use.
AUXILIARY WATER SYSTEM
Any water system on, or available to, the premises, other than the public water system, and includes the water supplied by the system. These auxiliary waters may include water from another purveyor's public water system; or water from a source such as wells, lakes or streams, or process fluids; or used water. They may be polluted, or contaminated, or objectionable, or constitute a water source or system over which the Water Purveyor does not have control.
BACKFLOW
The flow of water or other liquids, mixtures or substances into the distributing pipes, or a potable water supply from any source other than the intended source of the potable water supply.
BACKFLOW PREVENTION DEVICE
Any device, method or type of construction intended to prevent backflow into a potable water system.
CITY
The City of Bolivar, Missouri.
CONSUMER
The owner or person in control of any premises supplied by or in any manner connected to a public water system.
CONSUMER'S WATER SYSTEM
Any water system, located on the consumer's premises, supplied by, or in any manner connected to, a public water system. A household plumbing system is considered to be a consumer's water system.
CONTAMINATION
An impairment of the quality of the water by sewage of process fluids or waste to a degree which could create an actual hazard to the public health through poisoning or through spread or disease by exposure.
COOLING WATER
The water discharged from any use such as air-conditioning, cooling or refrigeration, or to which the pollutant added is heat.
CROSS-CONNECTION
Any arrangement whereby backflow can occur.
DEGREE OF HAZARD
A term derived from an evaluation of the potential risk to health and the adverse effect upon the potable water system.
DIRECTOR
The Director of the Missouri Department of Natural Resources or any other authorized enforcement agency.
DOUBLE-CHECK VALVE ASSEMBLY
An assembly composed of two (2) single, independently acting check valves including tightly closing shutoff valves located at each end of the assembly and suitable connections for testing the water tightness of each check valve.
HEALTH HAZARD
Any condition, device or practice in a water system or its operation that creates, or may create, a danger to the health and well-being of users. The word 'severe' as used to qualify 'health hazard'; means a hazard to the health of the user that could reasonably be expected to result in a significant morbidity or death.
INTERCHANGEABLE CONNECTION
An arrangement or device that will allow alternate but not simultaneous use of two (2) sources of water.
NON-POTABLE WATER
Water not safe for drinking, personal or culinary use.
PERSON
The State, any political subdivision, public or private corporation, individual, partnership, or other legal entity.
POLLUTION
The presence in water of any foreign substance that tends to degrade its quality so as to constitute a hazard or impair the usefulness or quality of the water to a degree which does not create an actual hazard to the public health but which does adversely and unreasonably affect such waters for domestic use.
POLLUTIONAL HAZARD
A condition through which an anesthetically objectionable or degrading material not dangerous to health may enter the public water system or a potable consumer's water system.
POTABLE WATER
Water which is satisfactory for drinking, culinary, and domestic purposes and meets the requirements of the Department of Health.
PROCESS FLUIDS
Any fluid or solution which may be chemically, biologically, or otherwise contaminated or polluted in a form or concentration such as would constitute a health, pollutional or system hazard if introduced into the public or a potable consumer's water system. This includes, but is not limited to:
1. 
Polluted or contaminated water.
2. 
Process waters.
3. 
Used waters originating from the public water system which may have deteriorated in sanitary quality.
4. 
Cooling waters.
5. 
Contaminated natural waters taken from wells, lakes, streams, or irrigation systems.
6. 
Chemicals in solution or suspension.
7. 
Oils, gases, acids, alkalis, and other liquid and gaseous fluids used in industrial or other processes, or for fire-fighting purposes.
PUBLIC WATER SYSTEM
Any publicly owned potable water system.
REDUCED PRESSURE PRINCIPLE BACKFLOW PREVENTION DEVICE
A device containing a minimum of two (2) independently acting check valves together with an automatically operated pressure differential relief valve located between the two (2) check valves. During normal flow and at the cessation of normal flow, the pressure between these two (2) checks shall be less than the supply pressure. In case of leakage of either check valve, the differential relief valve, by discharging to the atmosphere, shall operate to maintain the pressure between the check valves at less than the supply pressure. The unit must include tightly closing shutoff valves located at each end of the device, and each device shall be fitted with properly located test cocks.
SANITARY SEWER
A sewer which carries sewage and to which storm, surface and ground waters are not intentionally admitted.
SERVICE CONNECTION
The terminal end of a service line from the public water system. If a meter is installed at the end of the service, then the service connection means the downstream end of the meter.
SEWAGE
A combination of the water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions and industrial establishments, together with such ground, surface and storm waters as may be present.
SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT
Any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage.
SYSTEM HAZARD
A condition posing an actual or potential threat of damage to the physical properties of the public water system or a potable consumer's water system.
USED WATER
Any water supplied by a Water Purveyor from a public water system to a consumer's water system after it has passed through the service connection and is no longer under the control of the Water Purveyor.
USER
Any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, the Federal or State Government, or any unit, agency, political corporation or subdivision of either the Federal or State Government, or other agency receiving water services, or to whom water services are made available from the City's facilities pursuant to a written water user's agreement.
WATER PURVEYOR
The owner or operator of a public water system.

Section 740.050 Water System.

[Ord. No. 3239 §1, 9-24-2015]
A. 
The water system shall be considered as made up of two (2) parts: The public potable water system and the consumer's water system.
B. 
The public potable water system shall consist of the source facilities and the distribution system and shall include all those facilities of the potable water system under the control of the Public Works Director up to the point where the consumer's water system begins.
C. 
The source shall include all components of the facilities utilized in the production, treatment, storage and delivery of water to the public distribution system.
D. 
The public distribution system shall include the network of conduits used for delivery of water from the source to the consumer's water system.
E. 
The consumer's water system shall include those parts of the facilities beyond the service connection which are utilized in conveying water from the public distribution system to points of use.

Section 740.060 Cross-Connections Prohibited.

[Ord. No. 3239 §1, 9-24-2015]
A. 
No water service connection shall be installed or maintained to any premises where actual or potential cross-connections to the public potable or consumer's water system may exist unless such actual or potential cross-connections are abated or controlled to the satisfaction of the Public Works Director.
B. 
No connection shall be installed or maintained whereby an auxiliary water supply may enter a public potable or consumer's water system unless such auxiliary water supply and the method of connection and use of such supply shall have been approved.

Section 740.070 Survey and Investigations.

[Ord. No. 3239 §1, 9-24-2015]
A. 
The consumer's premises shall be open at all reasonable times to the Water Purveyor, or his/her authorized representative, for the conduction of surveys and investigations of water use practices within the consumer's premises to determine whether there are actual or potential cross connections to the consumer's water system through which contaminated or pollutants could backflow into the public potable water system.
B. 
On request by the Water Purveyor, or his/her authorized representative, the consumer shall furnish information on water use practices within his/her premises.
C. 
It shall be the responsibility of the water consumer to conduct periodic surveys of water use practices on his/her premises to determine whether there are actual or potential cross-connections to his/her water system through which contaminants or pollutants could backflow into his/her or the public potable water system.

Section 740.080 Where Protection is Required.

[Ord. No. 3239 §1, 9-24-2015]
A. 
An approved backflow prevention device shall be installed on each service line to a consumer's water system serving premises where, in the judgment of the Water Purveyor, actual or potential hazards to the public potable water system exist.
B. 
An approved backflow prevention device shall be installed on each service line to a consumer's water system serving premises where one (1) or more of following conditions exist:
1. 
Premises having auxiliary water supply, unless such auxiliary supply is accepted as an additional source by the Water Purveyor.
2. 
Premises on which any substance is handled in such a fashion as to create an actual or potential hazard to the public potable water system. This shall include premises having sources or systems containing process fluids or waters originating from the public potable water system which are no longer under the sanitary control of the Water Purveyor.
3. 
Premises having internal cross-connections that, in the judgment of the Water Purveyor, are not correctable or intricate plumbing arrangements which make it impractical to determine whether or not cross-connections exist.
4. 
Premises where, because of security requirements or other prohibitions or restrictions, it is impossible or impractical to make a complete cross-connection survey.
5. 
Premises having a repeated history of cross-connections being established or re-established.
6. 
Others specified by the Water Purveyor.
C. 
An approved backflow prevention device shall be installed on each service line to a consumer's water system serving, but not necessarily limited to, the following types of facilities unless the Water Purveyor determines that no actual or potential hazard to the public potable water system exists:
1. 
Hospitals, mortuaries, clinics, nursing homes, veterinary clinics, dental clinics, and other medical facilities.
2. 
Laboratories.
3. 
Piers, docks, waterfront facilities.
4. 
Sewage treatment plants, sewage pumping station or stormwater pumping station.
5. 
Food or beverage processing plants.
6. 
Chemical plants.
7. 
Metal plating industries.
8. 
Petroleum processing or storage plants.
9. 
Radioactive material processing plants or nuclear reactors.
10. 
Car wash.
11. 
Commercial facilities that use herbicides, pesticides, fertilizers or any chemical which would be a contaminant to the public water system.
12. 
Commercial laundries and dye works.
13. 
Others specified by the Water Purveyor and/or by the Rules of Department of Natural Resources, Division 60 - Public Drinking Water Program, Chapter 11 - Backflow Prevention.
14. 
An approved backflow prevention device shall be installed at any point of connection between the public potable or consumer's water system and an auxiliary water supply, unless such auxiliary supply is accepted as an additional source by the Water Purveyor.

Section 740.090 Type of Protection Required.

[Ord. No. 3239 §1, 9-24-2015]
A. 
The type of protection required under Section 740.080(A), (B), and (C) of these regulations shall depend on the degree of hazard which exists as follows:
1. 
An approved air-gap separation shall be installed where the public potable water system may be contaminated with substances that could cause a severe health hazard.
2. 
An approved air-gap separation or an approved reduced pressure principle backflow prevention device shall be installed where the public potable water system may be contaminated with a substance that could cause a system or health hazard.
3. 
An approved air-gap separation or an approved reduced pressure principle backflow prevention device or an approved double-check valve assembly shall be installed where the public potable water system may be polluted with substances that could cause a pollutional hazard not dangerous to health.
B. 
The type of protection required under Section 740.080 of these regulations shall be an approved air-gap separation or an approved interchangeable connection.
C. 
Where an auxiliary water supply is used as a secondary source of water for fire protection system, the provisions of Section 740.090(B) for an approved air-gap separation or an approved interchangeable connection may not be required, provided:
1. 
At premises where the auxiliary water supply may be contaminated with substances that could cause a system or health hazard, the public or consumer's potable water system shall be protected against backflow by installation of an approved reduced pressure principle backflow prevention device.
2. 
At all other premises, the public or consumer's potable water system shall be protected against backflow by installation of either an approved reduced pressure principle backflow prevention device or an approved double-check valve assembly.
3. 
The public or consumer's potable water system shall be the primary source of water for the fire protection system.
4. 
The fire protection system shall be normally filled with water from the public or consumer's potable water system.
5. 
The water in the fire protection system shall be used for fire protection only with no regular use of water from the fire protection system downstream from the approved backflow prevention device.
6. 
The water in the fire protection system shall contain no additives.

Section 740.100 Backflow Prevention Devices.

[Ord. No. 3239 §1, 9-24-2015]
A. 
Any backflow prevention device required by these rules and regulations shall be of a model or construction approved by the Water Purveyor and shall comply with the following:
1. 
Air-gap separation to be approved shall be at least twice the diameter of the supply pipe, measured vertically above the top rim of the vessel, but in no case less than one (1) inch.
2. 
A double-check (DC) valve assembly or a reduced pressure principle backflow prevention (RP) device shall be approved by the Water Purveyor.
3. 
No pressure vacuum breakers (PVB) are permitted. When replacing PVBs, use approved DC or RP assemblies in accordance with Chapter 740, Cross-Connection Control Policy.
4. 
An interchangeable connection to be approved shall be either a swing type connector or a four-way valve of the lubricated plug type that operates through a mechanism which unseats the plug, turns it ninety degrees (90°) and reseats the plug. Four-way valves shall not be used as stop valves but must have separate stop valves on each pipe connected to the valve. The telltale port on the four-way valve shall have no piping connected and the threads or flange on this port shall be destroyed so that a connection cannot be made.
B. 
Existing backflow prevention devices approved by the Water Purveyor at the time of installation and properly maintained shall, except for inspection and maintenance requirements, be excluded from the requirement of Section 740.100(A); this regulation providing that the Water Purveyor is assured that they will satisfactorily protect the public potable water system. Whenever the existing device is moved from the present location or requires more than minimum maintenance or when the Water Purveyor finds that the maintenance of the device constitutes a hazard to health, the device shall be replaced by a backflow prevention device meeting the requirements of those regulations.

Section 740.110 Installation.

[Ord. No. 3239 §1, 9-24-2015]
A. 
Backflow prevention devices required by these rules and regulations shall be installed at a location and in a manner approved by the Water Purveyor and shall be installed by and at the expense of the water consumer. In addition, any backflow prevention device required by Section 740.080(C) of these regulations shall be installed at a location and in a manner approved.
B. 
Backflow prevention devices installed on the service line to a consumer's water system shall be located on the consumer's side of the water meter, as close to the meter as is reasonably practical, and prior to any other connection.
C. 
Pits or vaults shall be of watertight construction, be so located and constructed as to prevent flooding and shall be maintained free from standing water by means of either a sump pump or a suitable drain. Such sump pump or drain shall not connect to a sanitary sewer nor permit flooding of the pit or vault by reverse flow from its point of discharge. An access ladder and adequate natural or artificial lighting shall be provided to permit maintenance, inspection and testing of the backflow prevention device.
D. 
All new commercial buildings shall have an approved backflow assembly installed in a vault as close to the water main as possible before water service shall be granted.
E. 
All new private water main extensions shall have an approved backflow assembly installed in a vault as close to the water main as possible before water service shall be granted.
F. 
No reduced pressure (RP) assemblies will be allowed to be installed underground.
G. 
All new backflow assemblies installed shall be tested within thirty (30) days of installation and a test report supplied to the City. A City permit shall be obtained prior to the installation of any backflow assembly.

Section 740.120 Inspection and Maintenance.

[Ord. No. 3239 §1, 9-24-2015]
A. 
It shall be the duty of the consumer at any premises on which backflow prevention devices required by these regulations are installed to have inspection, tests and overhaul made in accordance with the following schedule, or more often where inspections indicate a need:
1. 
Air separation shall be inspected at time of installation and at least every twelve (12) months thereafter.
2. 
Commercial double-check (DC) valve assemblies shall be inspected and tested for tightness at time of installation and at least every twelve (12) months thereafter. They shall be dismantled, inspected internally, cleaned and repaired whenever needed and at least every thirty (30) months.
3. 
Commercial reduced pressure (RP) principle backflow prevention devices shall be inspected and tested for tightness at time of installation and at least every twelve (12) months thereafter. They shall be dismantled, inspected internally, cleaned and repaired whenever needed and at least every five (5) years.
4. 
Interchangeable connections shall be inspected at time of installation and at least every twelve (12) months thereafter.
5. 
All irrigation or lawn sprinkler backflow assemblies shall be tested by June 1 of each year.
B. 
Inspections, tests and overhaul of back flow prevention devices shall be made at the expense of the water consumer and shall be performed by a State certified person to inspect, test and overhaul backflow prevention devices.
C. 
Whenever backflow prevention devices required by these regulations are found to be defective, they shall be repaired or replaced at the expense of the consumer without delay.
D. 
The water consumer must maintain a complete record of each backflow prevention device from purchase to retirement. This shall include a comprehensive listing that includes a record of all tests, inspections and repairs. Records of inspection, tests, repairs and overhaul shall be submitted to the Water Purveyor.
E. 
Backflow prevention devices shall not be bypassed, made inoperative, removed or otherwise made ineffective without specific authorization by the Water Purveyor.

Section 740.130 Booster Pumps.

[Ord. No. 3239 §1, 9-24-2015]
A. 
Where a booster pump has been installed on the service line to or within any premises, such pump shall be equipped with a low pressure cutoff device designed to shut off the booster pump when the pressure in the service line on the suction side of the pump drops to ten (10) pounds per square inch gauge or less.
B. 
It shall be the duty of the water consumer to maintain the low pressure cutoff device in proper working order, and to certify to the Water Purveyor, at least once a year, that the device is operable.

Section 740.140 Violations.

[Ord. No. 3239 §1, 9-24-2015]
A. 
The Water Purveyor shall deny or discontinue, after reasonable notice to the occupants thereof, the water service to any premises where in any backflow prevention device required by these regulations is not installed, tested and maintained in a manner acceptable to the Water Purveyor, or if it is found that the backflow prevention device has been removed or bypassed, or if an unprotected cross-connection exists on the premises, or if a low pressure cutoff required by these regulations is not installed and maintained in working order.
B. 
Water service to such premises shall not be restored until the consumer has corrected or eliminated such conditions or defects in conformance with these regulations and to the satisfaction of the Water Purveyor.
C. 
Written Notice. Any person found to be violating any provision of this Chapter shall be served by the City with a written notice stating the nature of the violation and providing a reasonable time limit for the satisfactory correction thereof. The offender shall, within the period of time stated in such notice, permanently cease all violations.
D. 
Continuing Violation. Any person who shall continue any violation beyond the time limit provided for in Subsection (A) shall be guilty of an ordinance violation and on conviction thereof the offense shall be punishable as set forth in Section 100.220 of this Code.
E. 
Liable to City. Any person violating any of the provisions of this Chapter shall become liable to the City for any expense, loss or damage occasioned the City by reason of such violation."