[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Pittsford 3-14-1989 as Ch. 115, Arts. I and II, of the 1989 Code. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Storm sewers — See Ch. 165.
Streets and sidewalks — See Ch. 176.
Water — See Ch. 206.
Zoning — See Ch. 210.
Editor's Note: This chapter was retitled 2-26-2008 by L.L. No. 1-2008; its former title was “Sewers.”
Article I Sewer Use
Article II Sewer Rents
Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise or as otherwise specified in this article, the meanings of terms used in this article shall be as follows:
- BOD (denoting "biochemical oxygen demand")
- The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20º C., expressed in milligrams per liter.
- BUILDING DRAIN
- That part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning five feet outside the inner face of the building wall.
- BUILDING SEWER
- The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.
- COMBINED SEWER
- A sewer receiving both surface runoff and sewage.
- Solid waste from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking and dispensing of food and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.
- INDUSTRIAL WASTES
- The liquid wastes from an industrial manufacturing process, trade or business, as distinct from sanitary sewage.
- NATURAL OUTLET
- Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface or ground water.
- The logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of the hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.
- PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE
- The wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than 1/2 inch in any dimension.
- PUBLIC SEWER
- A sewer in which all owners of abutting properties have equal rights, and is controlled by public authority.
- SANITARY SEWER
- A sewer which carries sewage and to which storm-, surface and ground waters are not intentionally admitted.
- A combination of the water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions and industrial establishments, together with such ground-, surface and storm waters as may be present.
- A pipe or conduit for carrying sewage.
- SEWERAGE WORKS
- All facilities for collecting, pumping, treating and disposing of sewage.
- Any discharge of water, sewage or industrial waste which, in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow, exceeds, for any period of duration longer than 15 minutes, more than five times the average twenty-four-hour concentration or flows during normal operation.
- STORM DRAIN (sometimes termed "storm sewer")
- A sewer which carries storm- and surface waters and drainage, but excludes sewage and industrial wastes, other than unpolluted cooling water.
- The official appointed by the Village Board of Trustees to supervise the management of sewage collection and treatment facilities in the Village, or his authorized deputy, agent or representative.
- SUSPENDED SOLIDS
- Solids that either float on the surface of, or are in suspension in, water, sewage or other liquids, and which are removable by laboratory filtering.
- VILLAGE or TOWN
- The municipality, any sewer districts or extensions thereunder, the supervisor and any and all employees or agents designated to enforce the provisions of this article.
- A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
- WATER POLLUTION CONTROL PLANT
- Any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage. Also referred to as a "sewage treatment plant."
It shall be unlawful for any person to place, deposit or permit to be deposited in any unsanitary manner on public or private property within the Village, or in any area under the jurisdiction of the Village, any human or animal excrement, garbage or other objectionable waste.
Nothing in this section shall be construed as prohibiting normal manure-spreading operations in agricultural or gardening areas nor the operation of a sanitary landfill operation where such operation is performed with the approval of the Village Board of Trustees.
It shall be unlawful for any person to discharge to any natural outlet within the Village or in any area under the jurisdiction of the Village any sewage or other polluted waters, except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with the provisions of this article.
It shall be unlawful for any unauthorized person to uncover, make any connections with or opening into, use, alter or disturb any public sewer or appurtenance thereof in the Village without first obtaining a written permit from the Superintendent or other appropriate delegated authority.
There shall be two classes of building sewer permits: one for residential and commercial service and one for service to establishments producing industrial wastes. In either case, the owner or his agent shall make application for the sewer permit. The permit application shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the Superintendent. A permit and inspection fee for a residential or commercial building sewer permit or for an industrial building sewer permit shall be paid to the Village Clerk at the time the application is filed.
All costs and expenses incident to the installation and connection of the building sewer shall be borne by the owner. The owner shall indemnify the Village from any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation of the building sewer.
A separate and independent building sewer shall be provided for every building, except that, where one building stands at the rear of another on an interior lot and no sewer is available or can be constructed to the rear of the building through an adjoining alley, court, yard or driveway, the building sewer from the front building may be extended to the rear building and the whole considered as one building sewer.
Old building sewers may be used in connection with new buildings only when they are found, on examination and test by the Superintendent, to meet all requirements of this article.
The size, slope, alignment, materials of construction of a building sewer and the methods to be used in excavating, placing of the pipe, jointing, testing and backfilling the trench shall all conform to the requirements of the State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code or other applicable rules and regulations of the Village. In absence of code provisions or in amplification thereof, the materials and procedures set forth in appropriate specifications of the American Society for Testing and Materials and Water Pollution Control Federation Manual of Practice No. 9 shall apply.
Whenever possible, the building sewer shall be brought to the building at an elevation below the basement floor. In all buildings in which any building drain is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sanitary sewage carried by such building drain shall be lifted by an approved means and discharged to the building sewer.
It shall be unlawful for any person to make connection of roof downspouts, exterior or interior foundation drains, areaway drains or other sources of surface runoff or groundwater to a building sewer or building drain which, in turn, is connected directly or indirectly to a public sanitary sewer.
The connection of the building sewer into the public sewer shall conform to the requirements of the State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code or other applicable rules and regulations of the Village or the procedures set forth in appropriate specifications of the American Society for Testing and Materials and the Water Pollution Control Federation Manual of Practice No. 9. All such connections shall be made gastight and watertight. Any deviation from the prescribed procedures and materials must be approved by the Superintendent before installation.
The applicant for the building sewer permits required by this article shall notify the Superintendent or other delegated authority when the building sewer is ready for inspection and connection to the public sewer. The connection shall be made under the supervision of the Superintendent or his representative.
All excavations for building sewer installation shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, parkways and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the Village.
It shall be unlawful for any person to discharge, or cause to be discharged, any stormwater, surface water, groundwater, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, uncontaminated cooling water or unpolluted industrial process waters to any sanitary sewer.
Stormwater and all other unpolluted drainage shall be discharged to such sewers as are specifically designated as combined sewers and storm sewers or to a natural outlet approved by the Superintendent. Industrial cooling water or unpolluted process water may be discharged, on approval of the Superintendent, to a storm sewer or natural outlet.
It shall be unlawful for any person to discharge, or cause to be discharged, any of the following described waters or wastes to any public sewers:
Any gasoline, benzene, naphtha, fuel oil or other flammable or explosive liquid, solid or gas.
Any waters or wastes containing toxic or poisonous solids, liquids or gases in sufficient quantity, either singly or by interaction with other wastes, to injure or interfere with any sewage treatment process, constitute a hazard to humans or animals, create a public nuisance or create any hazard in the receiving waters of the sewage treatment plant, including but not limited to cyanides in excess of two milligrams per liter as CN in the wastes as discharged to the public sewer.
Any waters or wastes having a pH lower than 5.5 or having any other corrosive property capable of causing damage or hazard to the structures, equipment and personnel of the sewerage works.
Solid or viscous substances in such quantities or of such size capable of causing obstruction to the flow in sewers or other interference with the proper operation of the sewerage works, such as but not limited to ashes, cinders, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, tar, plastics, wood, unground garbage, whole blood, paunch manure, hair, fleshings, entrails and paper dishes, cups, milk containers, etc., either whole or ground by garbage grinders.
It shall be unlawful for any person to discharge, or cause to be discharged, the following described substances, materials, waters or wastes if it appears likely in the opinion of the Superintendent that such wastes can harm either the sewers, sewage treatment process or equipment, can have an adverse effect on the receiving stream or can otherwise endanger life, limb or public property or constitute a nuisance. In forming his opinion as to the acceptability of these wastes, the Superintendent will give consideration to such factors as the quantities of subject wastes in relation to flows and velocities in the sewers, materials of construction of the sewers, nature of the sewage treatment process, capacity of the sewage treatment plant, degree of treatability of wastes in the sewage treatment plant and other pertinent factors. The substances prohibited are:
Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than 150º F. (65º C.).
Any water or waste containing fats, wax, grease or oils, whether emulsified or not, in excess of 100 milligrams per liter or containing substances which may solidify or become viscous at temperatures between 32º and 150º F. (0º and 65º C.).
Any garbage that has not been properly shredded. The installation and operation of any garbage grinder equipment with a motor of 3/4 horsepower or greater shall be subject to the review and approval of the Superintendent.
Any waters or wastes containing strong-acid iron-pickling wastes or concentrated plating solutions, whether neutralized or not.
Any waters or wastes containing iron, copper, zinc and similar objectionable or toxic substances; or wastes exerting an excessive chlorine requirement to such degree that any such material received in the composite sewage at the sewage treatment works exceeds the limits established by the Superintendent for such materials.
Any waters or wastes containing phenols or other taste- or odor-producing substances in such concentrations exceeding limits which may be established by the Superintendent as necessary, after treatment of the composite sewage, to meet the requirements of the state, federal or other public agencies of jurisdiction for such discharge to the receiving waters.
Any radioactive wastes or isotopes of such half-life concentration as may exceed limits established by the Superintendent in compliance with applicable state or federal regulations.
Any waters or wastes having a pH in excess of 9.5.
Materials which exert or cause:
Unusual concentrations of inert suspended solids (such as but not limited to fuller's earth, lime slurries and lime residues) or dissolved solids (such as but not limited to sodium chloride and sodium sulfate).
Excessive discoloration (such as but not limited to dye wastes and vegetable tanning solutions).
Unusual BOD, chemical oxygen demand or chlorine requirements in such quantities as to constitute a significant load on the sewage treatment works.
Unusual volume of flow or concentration of wastes constituting "slugs" as defined in this article.
Waters or wastes containing substances which are not amenable to treatment or reduction by the sewage treatment process employed or are amenable to treatment only to such degree that the sewage treatment plant effluent cannot meet the requirements of other agencies having jurisdiction over discharge to the receiving waters.
If any waters or wastes are discharged or are proposed to be discharged to the public sewers, which waters contain the substances or possess the characteristics enumerated in this section and which, in the judgment of the Village, may have a deleterious effect upon the sewerage works, processes, equipment or receiving waters or which otherwise create a hazard to life or constitute a public nuisance, the Superintendent may reject the wastes, require pretreatment to an acceptable condition for discharge to the public sewers, require control over the quantities and rates of discharge and/or require payment to cover the added cost of handling and treating the wastes not covered by existing taxes or sewer charges under the provisions of § 164-20. If the Superintendent permits the pretreatment or equalization of waste flows, the design and installation of the plants and equipment shall be subject to the review and approval of the Superintendent and subject to the requirements of all applicable codes, ordinances and laws.
Grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be provided when, in the opinion of the Superintendent, they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amounts or any flammable wastes, sand or other harmful ingredients, except that such interceptors shall not be required for private living quarters or dwelling units. All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the Superintendent and shall be located as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection.
Where preliminary treatment or flow-equalizing facilities are provided for any waters or wastes, they shall be maintained continuously in satisfactory and effective operation by the owner at his expense.
When required by the Superintendent, the owner of any property serviced by a building sewer carrying industrial wastes shall install a suitable control manhole together with such necessary meters and other appurtenances in the building sewer to facilitate observation, sampling and measurement of the wastes. Such manhole, when required, shall be accessibly and safely located and shall be constructed in accordance with plans approved by the Superintendent. The manhole shall be installed by the owner at his expense and shall be maintained by him so as to be safe and accessible at all times.
All measurements, tests and analyses of the characteristics of waters and wastes to which reference is made in this article shall be determined in accordance with the latest edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, published by the American Public Health Association, and shall be determined at the control manhole provided or upon suitable samples taken at such control manhole. In the event that no special manhole had been required, the control manhole shall be considered to be the nearest downstream manhole in the public sewer to the point at which the building sewer is connected. Sampling shall be carried out by customarily accepted methods to reflect the effect of constituents upon the sewerage works and to determine the existence of hazards to life, limb and property. The particular analysis involved will determine whether a twenty-four-hour composite of all outfalls of a premises is appropriate or whether a grab sample or samples should be taken. Normally, but not always, BOD and suspended solids analyses are obtained from twenty-four-hour composites of all outfalls, whereas pH's are determined from periodic grab samples.
No statement contained in this article shall be construed as preventing any special agreement or arrangement between the Village and any industrial concern whereby an industrial waste of unusual strength or character may be accepted by the Village for treatment, subject to payment therefor by the industrial concern.
It shall be unlawful for any unauthorized person to maliciously, willfully or negligently break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is a part of the sewerage works. Any person violating this provision shall be subject to the penalties set forth in the Penal Law.
The Superintendent and other duly authorized employees of the Village bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter all properties for the purpose of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling and testing in accordance with the provisions of this article. The Superintendent or his representatives shall have no authority to inquire into any processes, including metallurgical, chemical, oil, refining, paper or other industries, beyond that point having a direct bearing on the kind and source of discharge to the sewers or waterways or facilities for waste treatment.
While performing the necessary work on private properties referred to in Subsection A, the Superintendent or duly authorized employees of the Village shall observe all safety rules applicable to the premises established by the company.
The Superintendent and other duly authorized employees of the Village bearing proper credentials identification shall be permitted to enter all private properties through which the Village holds a duly negotiated easement for the purpose of, but not limited to, inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, repair and maintenance of any portion of the sewerage works lying within such easement. All entry and subsequent work, if any, on such easement shall be done in full accordance with the terms of the duly negotiated easement pertaining to the private property involved.
No private sanitary sewer, sewer drain, sink, vault, or privy nor any private cesspool, septic tank, disposal field or other means of accumulating and/or disposing of sewage shall be constructed and/or maintained within the corporated limits of the Village, except that where any residential lot in an existing subdivision lies partially within the Town of Pittsford and partially within the Village, the owner of such lot may comply with the requirements of either the Village or the Town of Pittsford insofar as the disposition of sewage and waste material is concerned.
[Amended 5-12-2009 by L.L. No. 12-2009]
Nothing herein contained shall prevent the Board of Trustees of the Village from refusing to authorize the granting of such a permit by the Village Clerk where it appears that access to the Village sanitary sewer system is readily available or where the granting of such permit would be detrimental to the health and general welfare of the Village.
The terms and provisions of this section shall have no application to property subdivisions and similar development, controlled pursuant to Article 7 of the Village Law of the state, or to properties containing more than a single main building or structure.
Any person found to be violating any provision of this article, except § 164-21, shall be served by the Village with written notice stating the nature of the violation and providing a reasonable time limit for the satisfactory correction thereof. The offender shall, within the period of time stated in such notice, permanently cease all violations.
Any person violating any provision of this article shall be responsible in money damages for any injury to the sewer system of for any expense, loss or damage caused the Village by such violation. This money may be collected by civil action, and obedience to the Article may also be enforced by injunction.
Except as otherwise provided in this article, any person who violates any provisions of this article shall, upon conviction thereof, be subject to a fine not to exceed $250 or to imprisonment for a term not to exceed 15 days, or both.
This article shall be known as the "Sewer Rent Ordinance" and is adopted pursuant to the provisions of Article 14-F of the General Municipal Law of the state and any and all amendments thereto.
For the purposes of this article, the following definitions shall apply:
- INDUSTRIAL WASTE
- Includes any liquid, gaseous, solid or other waste substance, or a combination thereof, resulting from any process of industry, manufacturing, trade or business, or from the development or recovery of any natural resources.
- OTHER WASTES
- Includes garbage, refuse, decayed wood, sawdust, shavings, bark, sand, lime, cinders, ashes, offal, oil, tar, dyestuffs, acids, chemicals and all other discarded matter in sewage or industrial waste.
- Includes all lateral sewers, branch sewers, interceptor sewers or trunk sewers and any sewage treatment and disposal works, each part with necessary appurtenances, including sewage pumping stations and also including all channels, streams or watercourses into which is introduced stormwater.
- Includes all water-carried human or animal wastes or body wastes, normal culinary, laundry and washing wastes and the like from residences, buildings, industrial establishments or other places, together with water from roof leads or wall drains or other stormwater connections and such groundwater infiltration and surface water as may be present. The admixture, with sewage of industrial waste or other wastes, also shall be considered "sewage" within the meaning of this article.
- SEWER SYSTEM
- Includes all sewer pipes and other appurtenances which are used or useful in whole or in part in connection with the collection, treatment or disposal of sewage, industrial waste and other wastes and which are owned, operated or maintained by the Village, including sewage pumping stations and sewage treatment and disposal works.
Sewer rent shall constitute charges established and imposed pursuant to this article and any and all amendments thereto for the use of the sewer system operated and maintained by the Village or any part or parts thereof.
The sewer rents established in this article shall be imposed on the owners of all premises located within or without the corporate limits of the Village connected with and served by the Village sewer system. Such sewer rents shall be based upon the consumption of water upon such premises.
The sewer rent charged to each premises to which this article is applicable shall be based on the amount of water, in gallons, used at each premises as computed semiannually by the Village of Pittsford or by an entity authorized by the Village of Pittsford to control, maintain and operate the water supply and distribution systems in the Village of Pittsford. Said use of water on each premises shall be calculated for the water rental semiannual period next preceding each sewer rent due date, as specified in § 164-30.
[Amended 3-8-1994 by L.L. No. 2-1994]
The scale of sewer rents charged to each premises for each semiannual billing shall be established by the Board of Trustees at the annual organizational meeting held in the month of April of each year.
[Amended 6-25-1997 by L.L. No. 6-1997; 3-10-1998 by L.L. No. 4-1998; 4-9-2002 by L.L. No. 2-2002; 4-8-2003 by L.L. No. 5-2003; 4-13-2004 by L.L. No. 6-2004; 4-11-2006 by L.L. No. 4-2006]
[Amended 3-8-1994 by L.L. No. 2-1994]
Sewer rents for the use of the sewer system shall be paid semiannually in advance for sewer rent semiannual periods commencing July 1 and January 1 in each year. Sewer rents shall be due and payable on the first day of each of the two aforesaid periods and shall be paid within 30 days after each such semiannual due date. In the event that payment is not made within the thirty-day period, then a penalty of 10% shall be added to the sewer rent.
Sewer rents, together with the amount of any penalty, which shall become due and owing as provided in this article shall constitute a lien upon the real property served by the sewer system or such part or parts thereof for which sewer rents shall have been established and imposed. Such rents and/or penalties due may be included in the Village tax levy, accounted for and collected pursuant to Article 14 of the Village Law of the state or such rents and/or penalties due may be collected pursuant to the provisions of Article 14-F of the General Municipal Law of the state.