Fire prevention — See Ch. 64.
ARTICLE IGeneral Provisions (§ 55-1 — § 55-7)
ARTICLE IIResidential Handicapped Accessibility
Improvements (§ 55-8 — § 55-11)
§ 55-1Enforcing agency established;
§ 55-2Qualifications of officials.
§ 55-3Part-time personnel central business
§ 55-4Construction/demolition activity.
§ 55-7Schedule of fees.
There is hereby established in and for the Township, pursuant to the State Uniform Construction Code Act (P.L. 1975, c. 217; N.J.S.A. 52:27D-119 et seq.), a state uniform construction code enforcing agency, which shall be known as the "Plainsboro Township Construction Code Enforcing Agency (hereinafter referred to as the "Enforcing Agency"). The Enforcing Agency shall consist of the Construction Official, the Building Subcode Official, the Electrical Subcode Official, the Fire Protection Subcode Official, and subcode officials for such additional subcodes as the Commissioner of the Department of Community Affairs, State of New Jersey, shall hereafter adopt as part of the State Uniform Construction Code, and such employees, assistants and staff as are required by said officials. The Construction Official shall be the chief administrator of the Enforcing Agency, and after consultation with the subcode officials, he may adopt such rules of procedure and for the internal governance of the Enforcing Agency as are not inconsistent with the law, regulation or this article.
The Construction Official and subcode officials shall possess such qualifications as are prescribed by the State Uniform Construction Code Act and regulations adopted by the Commissioner of the Department of Community Affairs. More than one such official position may be held by the same person, but in that case the person shall possess the qualifications required for each such position.
Each such official shall be appointed by the Township Committee for a term of four years, calculated from the date of appointment, but terms of office shall be subject to tenure rights as provided by law. Vacancies occurring other than by expiration of term shall be filled for the unexpired term only.
The Construction Official and subcode officials shall have such powers and duties as are prescribed by law, regulation or ordinance for the enforcement of the State Uniform Construction Code.
In lieu of any particular subcode official, an on-site inspection agency may be retained by contract pursuant to N.J.A.C. 5:23.
The Construction Official, the subcode officials and the employees, assistants and staff supporting them need not work exclusively for the Enforcing Agency, nor need they be located in one office or building. However, for purposes of enforcement of the State Uniform Construction Code and regulations pertaining thereto, all such persons, wherever located, shall be subject to the procedures and policies of the Enforcing Agency, and the subcode officials, employees, assistants and staff shall be primarily responsible to the Construction Official. Furthermore, regardless of whether the aforementioned personnel are dispersed in different locations, the public shall have the right to do business at one enforcing agency center, except in case of emergency or unforeseen or unavoidable circumstances. Such central office shall be designated by the Construction Official after consultation with the Township Committee. Any reorganization necessary to provide for the coordination of dispersed personnel, so as to enable the Enforcing Agency to take timely action in the performance of its duties, is delegated to the Township Committee.
At the time any building permit is issued, the building code official will provide the applicant/permittee with written instructions regarding the proper disposal and recycling of construction and demolition waste.
The building code official will also provide the applicant/permittee with a copy of the Middlesex County Division of Solid Waste Management's (MCDSWM) "Notification of Construction/Demolition Activity Form." The form must be completed by the applicant/permittee and received by the MCDSWM within 48 hours of the issuance of the building permit.
Enforcing Agency fees shall be as follows:
The basic construction fee shall be in the sum of the parts computed on the basis of the volume or cost of construction, the number of plumbing fixtures and pieces of equipment, the number of electrical fixtures and devices and the number of sprinklers, standpipes and fire alarm devices at the unit rates provided herein plus any special fees. The minimum fee for a basic construction permit covering any or all of building, plumbing, electrical, or fire protection work shall be $50. For homeowners doing their own work on their own home in which they live, where the cost of all the work is less than $1,000, the fee shall be $25.
Building volume or cost:
Fees for new construction shall be based upon the volume of the structure. Volume shall be computed in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:23-2.28. The new construction fee shall be in the amount of $0.040 per cubic foot of volume of buildings and structures of all uses and types of construction as classified and defined in Articles 3 and 6 of the building subcode.
The fee shall be $0.008 per cubic foot for structures on farms, including commercial farm buildings under N.J.A.C. 5:23-3.2(d).
Fees for renovations, alterations and repairs or site construction associated with pre-engineered systems of commercial farm buildings, premanufactured construction, and the external utility connections for pre-manufactured construction shall be based upon the estimated cost of the work. The fees shall be in the amount of $21 per $1,000 up to and including $100,000. Above $100,000 the additional fee shall be in the amount of $18 per $1,000 of the estimated cost.
The fee shall be in the amount of $120 per $1,000 for all renovations, alterations and repairs for one- or two-family owner-occupied structures (Use R-5 of the building subcode). For the purpose of determining estimated cost, the applicant shall submit to the enforcing agency such cost data as may be available produced by the architect or engineer of record or by a recognized estimating firm or by the contractor. A bona fide contractor’s bid, if available, shall be submitted. The department shall make the final decision regarding estimated cost.
Fees for additions shall be computed on the basis as for new construction for the added portion.
The fee for a tent, in excess of 900 square feet or more than 30 feet in any dimension, shall be $90.
The fee for the removal or abandonment of an underground flammable or combustible storage tank shall be $60.
Flat fees for R-5 only:
In-ground pool: $250.
Aboveground pool: $75.
Fence for pool: $50.
Retaining wall: as per N.J.A.C 5:23-4.20.
Plumbing fixtures and equipment:
The fee shall be in the amount of $15 per fixture, piece of equipment or appliance connected to the plumbing system and for each appliance connected to the gas piping or oil piping system, except as indicated in Subsection A(2)(b) below. For the purpose of computing this fee, fixtures, pieces of equipment or appliances connected to the plumbing system shall include but not be limited to water closets, urinals, bidets, lavatories, sinks, showers, floor drains, washing machines, dishwashers, mixing valves, residential water heaters, residential gas-fired appliances, hose bibs, residential backflow preventers, drinking fountains, replacement or installation of residential heat exchangers and condensing units, residential solar systems, roof drains, storm drains, hydronic fan coil units.
The fee shall be $65 per special device. For the purpose of computing this fee, special devices shall include but not be limited to grease traps, oil, sand, or other type separators and interceptors, new construction and commercial sewage ejectors, booster pumps, refrigeration units, air-conditioning units, commercial solar systems, backflow preventers equipped with test ports (double check valve assembly, reduced pressure zone and pressure vacuum breaker backflow preventer), steam boilers, steam generators, hot-water boilers (excluding those for domestic water heating), commercial hot-water heaters and active solar systems. There shall be no inspection fee charged for gas service entrances.
The fee for connection to or demolition of a connection to a sewer, septic or water utility connection shall be $65.
Electrical fixtures and devices.
For the first block consisting of one to 25 receptacles, fixtures or devices, the fee shall be $50; for each additional block consisting of up to 25 receptacles, fixtures or devices, the fee shall be $25. For the purpose of computing this fee, receptacles, fixtures or devices shall include lighting fixtures, wall switches, convenience receptacles, sensors, dimmers, alarm devices, smoke and heat detectors, communication outlets, light standards eight feet or less in height, including luminaries, emergency lights, electric signs, exit lights or similar electric fixtures and devices rated 20 amperes or less, including motors or equipment rated less than one horsepower (hp) or one kilowatt (kw).
For each motor or electrical device rated from one hp or 10 kw; for each transformer or generator rated from one kw to 10 kw; for each replacement of wiring involving one branch circuit or part thereof; for each storable pool or hydro massage bathtub; for each underwater lighting fixture; for household electric cooking equipment rated up to 16 kw; for each fire, security or burglar alarm control unit; for each light standard greater than eight feet in height, including luminaries; and for each communications closet, the fee shall be $15.
For each motor or electrical device rated from greater than 10 hp or 10 kw to 50 hp or 50 kw; for each service equipment, panel board, switch board, switch gear, motor control center or disconnecting means rated 200 amperes or less; for each transformer or generator rated from greater than 10 kw or to 45 kw; for each electric sign rated from greater than 20 amperes to 200 amperes, including associated disconnecting means; for each receptacle rated greater than 50 amperes; and for each utility load management device, the fee shall be $50.
For each motor or electrical device rated from greater than 50 hp or 50 kw to 100 hp or 100 kw; for each service equipment, panel board, switch board, switch gear, motor control center or disconnecting means rated from greater than 200 amperes to 800 amperes; and for each transformer or generator rated from greater than 45 kw to 112.5 kw, the fee shall be $100.
For each motor or electrical device rated greater than 100 hp or 100 kw; or each service equipment, panel board, switch board, switch gear, motor control center or disconnecting means rated greater than 800 amperes; and for each transformer or generator rated greater than 112.5 kw, the fee shall be $475.
The fee charged for electrical work for each permanently installed private swimming pool as defined in the building subcode, spa, hot tub or fountain shall be a flat fee of $75 (new regulations require up to two additional inspections) which shall include any required bonding, and associated equipment such as filter pumps, motors, disconnecting means, switches, required receptacles and heaters, etc., excepting panel boards and underwater lighting fixtures. For public swimming pools, the fee shall be charged on the basis of number of electrical fixtures and rating of electrical devices involved in accordance with Subsection A(2)(c) through  above.
The fee charged for the installation of single- and multiple-station smoke or heat detectors and fire, burglar or security alarm systems in any one- or two-family structure (Use R-5 of the building code) shall be a flat fee of $25 per dwelling unit. For fire, burglar and security alarm systems and detectors in buildings other than one- or two-family structures, the fee shall be charged in accordance with Subsection A(2)(c) through  above.
The fee charged for underground wiring shall be $20 per 100 feet.
Fire protection. For fire protection and hazardous equipment, sprinklers, standpipes, fire alarm devices such as but not limited to manual pull stations, smoke and heat detectors, water flow devices, tamper switches, pre-engineered suppression systems, gas- or oil-fired appliances not connected to the plumbing system, kitchen exhaust systems, incinerators and crematoriums, the fee shall be as follows:
The fee for 20 or fewer sprinkler heads shall be $65; 21 to 100 sprinkler heads, the fee shall be $120; 101 to 200 sprinkler heads, the fee shall be $225; 201 to 400 sprinklers heads, the fee shall be $590; 401 to 1,000 sprinkler heads, the fee shall be $820; over 1,000 sprinkler heads, the fee shall be $1,050.
The fee for each fire suppression standpipe shall be $225.
The fee for a fire pump shall be $250.
The fee for a private underground fire main shall be $200.
The fee for the installation of each private fire hydrant shall be $75.
The fee for each independent pre-engineered system shall be $200.
The fee for each gas- or oil-fired appliance such as a furnace or a gas fireplace, that is not connected to the plumbing system shall be $50.
The fee for each fire alarm control panel shall be $100.
Fees for certificates and other permits are as follows:
The fee for demolition or removal of a building shall be $75 for a structure of less than 5,000 square feet in area and less than 30 feet in height, for one- or two-family structure (Use R-5 of the building subcode), and structures on farms, including commercial farm buildings under N.J.A.C. 5:23-3.2(d), and $250 for all other use groups. For the purpose of this section, "demolition" shall mean the razing of a building. This fee is in addition to any fees charged under electric and plumbing for the disconnecting of utilities associated with a building.
The fee for a permit to construct a sign shall be in the amount of $1.50 per square foot surface area of the sign, computed on one side only for double-faced signs. The minimum fee shall be $50.
The fee for a certificate of occupancy shall be in the amount of 10% of the new construction permit fee that would be charged by the enforcing agency. The minimum fee shall be $120; except for one- and two-family owner-occupied structures (Use R-5 of the building subcode) of less than 5,000 square feet in area and less than 30 feet in height, and structures on farms, including commercial farm buildings subject to N.J.A.C. 5:23-3.2(d), for which the minimum fee shall be $65.
The fee for a certificate of occupancy granted pursuant to a change of use shall be $120.
The fee for a certificate of continued occupancy issued under N.J.A.C. 5:23-2.23(e) in accordance with Bulletin 06-1 shall be $250.
The fee for the first issuance and the renewal of a temporary certificate of occupancy shall be $150.
There shall be no fee for the first issuance of the temporary certificate of occupancy, provided the certificate of occupancy fee is paid at that time.
The fee for plan review of a building for compliance under the alternate systems and nondepletable energy source provisions of the energy subcode shall be $275 for one- or two-family structures (Use R-5 of the building subcode), and for light commercial structures having the indoor temperature controlled from a single point, and $1,300 for all other structures.
The fee for an application for a variation in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:23-2.10 shall be $590 for Class I structures and $120 for Class II and Class III structures. The fee for resubmission of an application for a variation shall be $220 for Class I structures and $65 for Class II and Class III structures.
The fee for a permit for lead hazard abatement work shall be $75.
The fee for a lead abatement clearance certificate shall be $50.
For cross-connections and backflow preventers that are subject to testing, requiring reinspection annually, the fee shall be $60 for each device when they are tested.
Annual permit fee requirements are as follows:
The fee to be charged for an annual construction permit shall be charged annually. This fee shall be a flat fee based upon the number of maintenance workers who are employed by the facility and who are primarily engaged in work that is governed by a subcode. Managers, engineers and clericals shall not be considered maintenance workers for the purpose of establishing the annual construction permit fee. Annual permits may be issued for building/fire protection, electrical and plumbing.
Fees for annual permits shall be as follows:
One to 25 workers (including foremen), $665 for each worker; each additional worker over 25, $232/worker.
Prior to the issuance of the annual permit, a training registration fee of $140 per subcode and a list of not more than three individuals to be trained per subcode shall be submitted to the Department of Community Affairs, Bureau of Code Services, Education Unit, along with a copy of the construction permit (Form F170). Checks shall be made payable to "Treasurer, State of New Jersey." The Department shall register these individuals and notify them of the courses being offered.
The fee for plan review for elevator devices in structures in one- or two-family structures (Use R-5 of the building subcode) and for elevator devices wholly within dwelling units in Use R-2 structures of the building code shall be $50 for each device.
The fee for plan review for elevator devices in structures in uses other than one- or two-family owner occupied structures (use R-5 of the building subcode) and devices in Use R-2 structures exempted by Subsection A(6) above shall be $260 for each device.
The fees for elevator device inspections and tests shall be as set forth in N.J.A.C. 5:23-12.
The fee for a mechanical inspection in a one- or two-family owner-occupied structure (Use R-5 of the building subcode) by a mechanical inspector shall be $50 for the first device and $15 for each additional device. No separate fee shall be charged for gas, fuel oil, or water piping connections associated with the mechanical equipment inspected.
The fee for the annual electrical inspection of swimming pools, spas or hot tubs shall be $100.
The Construction Official shall, with the advice of the subcode officials, prepare and submit to the Township Committee annually a report recommending a fee schedule based on the operating expenses of the Agency and any other expenses of the municipality fairly attributable to the enforcement of the State Uniform Construction Code Act.
In order to provide for the training, certification and technical support programs required by the Uniform Construction Code Act and the regulations, the Enforcing Agency shall collect, in addition to the fees specified above, a surcharge fee of $0.0016 per cubic foot of volume of new construction. Said surcharge fee shall be remitted to the Bureau of Housing Inspection, Department of Community Affairs, on a quarterly basis for the fiscal quarter ending September 30, December 31, March 31 and June 30 and not later than one month next succeeding the end of the quarter for which it is due. In the fiscal year in which the regulations first become effective, said fee shall be collected and remitted for the third and fourth quarters only.
The Enforcing Agency shall report annually at the end of each fiscal year to the Bureau of Housing Inspection, and not later than July 31, the total amount of the surcharge fee collected in the fiscal year. In the fiscal year in which the regulations first become effective, said report shall be for the third and fourth quarters only.
Whenever the Township uses a private on-site inspection and plan review agency, a 15% administrative surcharge shall be added to the above fees. This surcharge shall apply only to subcode areas for which the Township has a contract with an on-site agency.
All fees shall be rounded to the nearest dollar amount.
Enforcing Agency fees shall be waived in the following instances:
Construction contracted for or conducted by the Township.
The erection or alteration of any public building by a county, municipality, school board or any agency or instrumentality thereof (except that nothing contained in this section shall be interpreted as preventing the imposition of a fee upon a board of education for the review of plans submitted to the Township pursuant to the provisions of N.J.S.A. 52:27D-140).
The construction or rehabilitation of housing units for occupancy by low or moderate income households by a New Jersey nonprofit corporation.
Any construction, reconstruction, alteration or improvement designed and undertaken solely to promote accessibility by the handicapped to an existing public or private structure or any of the facilities contained therein.
Fees for inspections conducted after normal business hours, at the request of the customer, shall be $300 for the first four hours and $75 for each additional hour. The time shall include travel time.
§ 55-10Waiver of fees.
The State of New Jersey Uniform Construction Code, N.J.S.A. 52:27D-126e, permits the governing body of any municipality to provide by ordinance that no person shall be charged a construction permit surcharge fee or enforcing agency fee for any construction, reconstruction, alteration or improvement designed and undertaken solely to promote accessibility by disabled persons to an existing public or private structure or any of the facilities contained therein.
The Township Committee of the Township of Plainsboro believes that the promotion of such accessibility in residential buildings is for the public good.
For the purposes of this article, the following definitions shall apply:
- DISABLED PERSON
- A person who has the total and permanent inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment, including blindness, and shall include, but not be limited to, any resident of the Township who is disabled pursuant to the federal Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. § 416), or the federal Railroad Retirement Act of 1974 (45 U.S.C. § 231 et. seq.), or is rated as having a 60% disability, or higher, pursuant to any federal law administered by the United States Veterans' Act. For the purposes of this definition, "blindness" means central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the use of a correcting lens. An eye which is accompanied by a limitation in the fields of vision such that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends an angle no greater than 20° shall be considered as having a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less.
A disabled person, or a parent or sibling of a disabled person, shall not be required to pay any municipal fee or charge in order to secure a construction permit for any construction, reconstruction, alteration or improvement which promotes accessibility to his or her own living unit.
This article specifically excludes accessibility improvements made to buildings or structures devoted to commercial use.