[HISTORY: Adopted by the Village Board of the Village of Pleasant Prairie 9-6-2016 by Ord. No. 16-27. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Adult-oriented uses and establishments — See Ch. 108.
Editor’s Note: This ordinance also repealed former Ch. 287, Sex Offenders, adopted 4-18-2016 by Ord. No. 16-10.
Article I Residency and Activity Restrictions
§ 287-5 Property owners prohibited from renting real property to certain offenders and sexual predators; notification requirements.
It is the purpose of this chapter not to impose a criminal penalty but rather to service the Village of Pleasant Prairie's compelling interest to promote, protect and improve the health, safety and welfare of the citizens of the Village of Pleasant Prairie by creating areas around locations where children regularly congregate in concentrated number wherein certain sexual offenders and sexual predators are prohibited from establishing temporary or permanent residency.
Repeat sexual offenders, sexual offenders who use physical violence and sexual offenders who prey on children are sexual predators who present an extreme threat to the public safety. Sexual offenders are extremely likely to use physical violence and to repeat their offenses, and most sexual offenders commit many offenses, have many more victims that are never reported, and are prosecuted for only a fraction of their crimes. This makes the cost of sexual offender victimization to society at large, while incalculable, clearly exorbitant.
In this chapter, the following words shall have the following meanings:
- A person under the age of 16 years, for purposes of this chapter.
- DESIGNATED OFFENDER
- Any person who is required to register under § 301.45, Wis. Stats., for any sexual offense against a child, or any person who is required to register under § 301.45, Wis. Stats., and who has been designated a special bulletin (SBX) sex offender pursuant to § 301.46(2) and (2m), Wis. Stats.
- A person under the age of 18 years.
- PERMANENT RESIDENCE
- A place where the designated offender lodges or resides for 14 or more consecutive days.
- PROHIBITED ACTIVITY
- Participation in a holiday event involving minors. Holiday events in which the designated offender is the parent or guardian of the minors involved, and no nonfamilial minors are present, are exempt from the definition of "prohibited activity." A designated offender participates in a prohibited activity by taking part in the event which shall include, without limitation, distributing candy or other items to children on Halloween, wearing a Santa Clause costume on or preceding Christmas, or wearing an Easter Bunny costume on or preceding Easter.
- PROHIBITED LOCATION
- Any school, licensed day-care center, park, trail, playground, or place of worship. The Village Administrator shall maintain an official map showing the prohibited locations and safety zones within the Village. The Village Administrator shall update the map at least annually to reflect any changes in the prohibited locations and safety zones. The map shall be available in the office of the Village Clerk and posted on the Village website.
- SAFETY ZONE
- A safety zone is any real property that supports or upon which there exists any facility used for or that supports a school for minors, a public park, a park facility, a trail or any other prohibited location, including any sidewalks or lawn adjacent to such prohibited location.
- TEMPORARY RESIDENCE
- A. A place where the person abides, lodges or resides for a period of 14 or more days in the aggregate during any calendar year and which is not the person's permanent address; or
- B. A place where the person routinely abides, lodges or resides for a period of four or more consecutive or nonconsecutive days in any month and which is not the person's permanent residence.
- The Village of Pleasant Prairie, Wisconsin.
Prohibited location of residence. It shall be unlawful for any designated offender to establish a permanent residence or temporary residence within 1,500 feet of a prohibited location.
Original domicile restriction. It shall be unlawful for any designated offender to establish a permanent residence or temporary residence within the Village unless the designated offender was legally domiciled in the Village at the time of the offense resulting in the person's most recent conviction for committing the sexually violent offense and/or crime, subject to the following: This restriction does not apply if the designated offender's most recent conviction of an offense that is within the definition of "designated offender" occurred 10 years or more prior to taking occupancy within the Village, provided that the designated offender has not been convicted of a Class A felony against a child.
Determination of minimum distance separation. For purposes of determining the minimum distance separation under this chapter, the requirement shall be measured by following a straight line from the closest point of the outer property line of the permanent residence or temporary residence of a designated offender to the nearest outer property line of a prohibited location. If any portion of a tax parcel contains a prohibited location, the entire tax parcel shall be considered a prohibited location. If any portion of a tax parcel would constitute a prohibited location of residence under § 287-3A, the entire tax parcel shall be considered a prohibited location of residence.
Exceptions. A designated offender residing within a prohibited location of a Residence as described in § 287-3A and B shall not be in violation of this chapter if any of the following apply:
Subject to § 287-5A below, the designated offender established the permanent residence or temporary residence and reported and registered the residence pursuant to § 301.45, Wis. Stats., before the initial effective date of the relevant provision of this chapter, and the designated offender has resided in such permanent residence or temporary residence continuously since the effective date of this chapter, except for temporary absences of no more than 30 consecutive days.
The designated offender is a minor and is not required to register under §§ 301.45 and 301.46, Wis. Stats.
The prohibited location situated within 1,500 feet of the person's permanent residence was opened or established after the designated offender established the permanent residence and reported and registered the residence pursuant to § 301.45, Wis. Stats.
The residence is also the primary residence of the designated offender's parents, grandparents, siblings, spouse or children, provided that such parent, grandparent, sibling, spouse or child established the residence at least two years before the designated offender established residence at that location, subject to the following: The designated offender is prohibited from residing in such location if a victim of an offense giving rise to the designated offender's designation also resides in the residence and is a minor, unless the designated offender is on probation or parole and residing with the victim is approved in writing by the probation or parole officer; and if not on probation or parole, such location is prohibited unless approved in writing by the Pleasant Prairie Chief of Police, based upon a finding that the circumstances of the offense, the designated offender, the victim, and all relevant information in the matter substantially eliminates the risk of re-offense against the victim.
Safety zone prohibition. A designated offender shall not enter upon or be present upon or within a safety zone, except as set forth below in § 287-4B.
Exceptions. A designated offender who enters upon or who is present upon or within a safety zone does not commit a violation of this § 287-4 if any of the following apply:
The property also supports a church, synagogue, mosque, temple, or other house of religious worship, subject to all of the following conditions:
The property also supports a use lawfully attended by a designated offender's natural or adopted child, for which a child's use reasonably requires the attendance of the designated offender as the child's parent upon the property, subject to the following condition:
The designated offender's entrance and presence upon the property occurs only during hours of activity related to the use, as posted to the public, and only as reasonably necessary in connection with such activity.
The property also supports a polling location in a local, state or federal election, subject to all of the following conditions:
The designated offender is eligible to vote;
The property is the designated polling place for the designated offender; and
The designated offender enters the polling place property, proceeds to cast a ballot with whatever usual and customary assistance is available to any member of the electorate, and vacates the property immediately after the voting.
The property also supports a school lawfully attended by a designated offender as a student under which circumstances the designated offender may enter upon the property supporting the school at which the designated offender is enrolled for such purposes, and at such times, as are reasonably required for the educational purposes of the school.
The property also supports a court, government office or room for public governmental meetings, subject to all of the following conditions:
The designated offender is on the property only to transact business at the government office or place of business, other than a public library, or to attend an official meeting of a governmental body; and
The designated offender leaves the property immediately upon completion of the business or meeting.
Prohibited activity. It is unlawful for a designated offender to participate in a prohibited activity.
§ 287-5 Property owners prohibited from renting real property to certain offenders and sexual predators; notification requirements.
Property owner restrictions. It shall be unlawful for any property owner to lease or rent any place, structure, mobile home, trailer or any part thereof with the knowledge that it will be used as a permanent residence or temporary residence by any person prohibited from establishing a permanent residence or temporary residence therein pursuant to this chapter, if such place, structure, mobile home, trailer or any part thereof is located within a prohibited location of a Residence as defined in § 287-3A.
Notice to Chief of Police. A designated offender and any property owner who leases or rents any place, structure, mobile home, trailer or any part thereof, with the knowledge that it will be used as a permanent residence or temporary residence by any person who is a designated offender, must each notify the Village Police Chief in writing a minimum of 28 days prior to establishing either a permanent residence or temporary residence within the Village. In addition, any property owner who has leased or rented any place, structure, mobile home, trailer or any part thereof as a permanent residence or temporary residence by any person who is a designated offender, at any time during a calendar year, shall report in writing to the Village Police Chief as to the status of the leasing or renting by the designated offender, including, without limitation, the names of all designated offenders who lease or rent any portion of such place, structure, mobile home, trailer or any part thereof as of December 1 of such calendar year, the remaining lease term under the current lease for each designated offender, and, if a designated offender no longer leases or rents such place, structure, mobile home, trailer or any part thereof, the date said designated offender no longer leased or rented such place. All such information shall be provided in writing to the Village Police Chief on or before December 31 of each calendar year.
Notice to property owner. A designated offender shall tell any property owner from whom the designated offender intends to lease or rent any place, structure, mobile home, trailer or any part thereof that the designated offender is a designated offender as defined in § 287-2, prior to entering into any lease or rental arrangement.
To the extent required by § 980.135 of the Wisconsin Statutes, and notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this chapter, the Village of Pleasant Prairie hereby exempts and may not enforce any portion thereof that restricts or prohibits a sex offender from residing at a certain location or that restricts or prohibits a person from providing housing to a sex offender against an individual who is released under Wisconsin Statutes § 980.08, or against a person who provides housing to such individual, so long as the individual is subject to supervised release under Chapter 980 of the Wisconsin Statutes, the individual is residing where he or she is ordered to reside under § 980.08 of the Wisconsin Statutes, and the individual is in compliance with all court orders issued under Chapter 980 of the Wisconsin Statutes.
Should any section, paragraph, sentence, clause or phrase of this chapter be declared unconstitutional or invalid for any reason or be repealed, it shall not affect the validity of this chapter as a whole, or any part thereof, other than the part so declared to be invalid or repealed.
If a designated offender or property owner violates any provision of this chapter, the Village may, in addition to all other rights and remedies allowed by law or this chapter, refer the matter to an attorney chosen by the Village Administrator to bring an action in the name of the Village in circuit court to seek a temporary restraining order, temporary injunction or permanent injunction against such designated offender or property owner to prevent them from violating the terms of this chapter or to take any action, or prevent any action, necessary for compliance with the terms of this chapter.
Any person, firm or entity who violates any provisions of this chapter shall, upon conviction thereof, be subject to a forfeiture not to exceed $1,000, together with the costs of prosecution, and, in default of payment thereof, shall be committed to jail for a period not to exceed 90 days. Each violation and each day such violation continues shall be considered a separate offense. Neither the issuance of a citation nor the imposition of a forfeiture hereunder shall preclude the Village from seeking or obtaining any and all legal and equitable remedies available by law or this chapter.
The provisions of this Chapter 287, insofar as they are substantively the same as those of the ordinances in force immediately prior to the enactment of the chapter or amendments hereto, are intended and hereby declared as a continuation of such ordinances and not as new enactments, and the effectiveness of such provisions shall be from the date of the first adoption of such provisions.
This chapter, as amended and restated above, shall take effect upon its passage on this seventh day of September 2016.