Town of Chatham, NY
Columbia County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Amended 4-19-2001 by L.L. No. 1-2001; 10-16-2002 by L.L. No. 4-2002]
The Zoning Map officially entitled "Chatham Zoning Map" is hereby adopted as part of this chapter. Said Map shows a division of the Town into the following districts:
H-2
Hamlet Two
H-1
Hamlet One
RL-3
Rural Lands Three
RL-2
Rural Lands Two
RL-1
Rural Lands One
B
Business
I
Industrial
T-1
Tower One
T-2
Tower Two
T-3
Tower Three
M
Mining Floating
Regardless of the existence of other printed copies of the Zoning Map, which from time to time may be made or published, the official Zoning Map which shall be located in the office of the Town Clerk shall be the final authority as to the current zoning status of the land and water areas, buildings and other structures in the Town.
District boundaries shown within the lines of roads, streams and transportation rights-of-way shall be deemed to follow the center lines. The abandonment of roads shall not affect the location of such district boundaries. When the Zoning Enforcement Officer cannot definitely determine the location of a district boundary by such center lines, by the scale or dimensions stated on the Zoning Map, or by the fact that it clearly coincides with a property line, he shall refuse action, and the Board of Appeals, upon appeal, shall interpret the location of the district boundary with reference to the scale of the Zoning Map and the purposes set forth in all relevant provisions of this chapter.
A. 
Lots which abut on more than one street shall provide required frontage along every street.
B. 
Projections into minimum yard.
(1) 
All structures, whether attached to the principal structure or not, and whether open or enclosed, shall not project into any minimum yard.
(2) 
Overhangs, cornices, bay windows, etc., may project two feet six inches into a minimum yard.
(3) 
Porches without roofs, balconies not acting as roofs and entrance steps may project five feet into a minimum yard for a width not exceeding 16 feet.
(4) 
Structures essentially at grade level, such as paved terraces and retaining walls less than two feet in height, may project into minimum yards but may not be closer than four feet to any lot line.
(5) 
Open fences and railings less than three feet in height are excluded from minimum yard requirements. Fences up to six feet in height are excluded from side and rear yard requirements and may project four feet into the front yard.
C. 
In any district, notwithstanding limitations imposed by other provisions of this chapter, a single lot in existence on July 2, 1972, may be built upon subject to the following conditions:
(1) 
Such lot must be in separate ownership, and not of continuous frontage with other such lots in the same ownership. This provision shall apply even though such lots fail to meet the requirements for area or width, or both, that are generally applicable in the district, provided that yard dimensions and other requirements not involving area or width of the lot shall conform to the regulations for the district in which the lot is located.
(2) 
Notwithstanding separate deeds or legal descriptions, all lands which are contiguous or separated by a Town or county road, and are in single ownership, shall be considered to be a single parcel for the purpose of this chapter, and no portion of said parcel shall be used or sold which does not meet lot width and area requirements established by this chapter, nor shall any division of the parcel be made which leaves remaining any lot width or area below requirements stated in this chapter. If any of these lots contain more than one main dwelling or structure, the Zoning Board of Appeals will give consideration to a variance.
A. 
The following tables state the objectives of each district and the regulations for each district.
B. 
No building or land shall hereafter be used or occupied, and no building or part thereof shall be erected, moved or altered, unless in conformity with the regulations herein specified for the district in which it is located.
C. 
No building shall hereafter be erected or altered to exceed the height, to accommodate or house a greater number of families, and/or to have narrower or smaller rear yards, front yards, side yards, inner or outer courts, than specified herein for the district in which such building is located.
D. 
No part of a required minimum yard or other open space about any building shall be included as a part of a yard or other open space similarly required for another building.
E. 
On Town roads, the front yard is to be measured from the center of the road, adding 25 feet to the required front yard.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection 6, regarding types of utilities, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 7-15-1999 by Ord. No. 1-1999.
This district is to provide areas in or adjacent to the existing five hamlets with a density of family living that is normally found in small villages. The density allowed depends on the availability of off-site water and sewer.
Permitted Uses
Permitted Uses With Special Permits
2 single-family units on 1 lot
[Added 12-7-1995 by L.L. No. 2-1995]
2-family dwelling
Accessory uses
Church
Agricultural uses
[Added 9-20-2007 by L.L. No. 6-2007]
Farm or residential pond
[Added 4-1-1993 by L.L. No. 1-1993]
Hospital or clinic
Home occupation[1]
Limited multiple-family dwelling
Private swimming pools with fence
Nonprofit recreational area
Single-family dwelling
Nursing and convalescent home
Public building[2]
Public or private school
Residential cluster
Water recreation and water storage
Lot Size, Density and Yard Dimensions
[Amended 7-15-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
Minimum Lot Size
Minimum Yard Dimensions
(feet)
Area
(acres)
Width
(feet)
Minimum Area/
Family
(acres)
Front
Each Side
Rear
1.5
150
0.75
25
25
25
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection 3, Essential services, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 4-7-1994 by L.L. No. 1-1994.
[2]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection 8, Essential service building, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 4-7-1994 by L.L. No. 1-1994.
Hamlet Two contains the same uses as Hamlet One and further provides, by special permit, for neighborhood commercial facilities to serve the hamlet in which they are located and the immediately surrounding area.
Permitted Uses
Permitted Uses With Special Permits
2 single-family units on 1 lot
[Added 12-7-1995 by L.L. No. 2-1995]
2-family dwelling
Accessory uses
Church
Agricultural uses
[Added 9-20-2007 by L.L. No. 6-2007]
Farm or residential pond
[Added 4-1-1993 by L.L. No. 1-1993]
Hospital or clinic
Home occupation[1]
Limited multiple-family dwelling
Private swimming pools with fence
Neighborhood commercial facility
Single-family dwelling
Nonprofit recreational area
Nursing and convalescent home
Public building[2]
Public or private school
Residential cluster
Water recreation and water storage
Lot Size, Density and Yard Dimensions
[Amended 7-15-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
Minimum Lot Size
Minimum Yard Dimensions
(feet)
Area
(acres)
Width
(feet)
Minimum Area/
Family
(acres)
Front
Each Side
Rear
1.5
150
0.75
25
25
25
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection 3, Essential services, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 4-7-1994 by L.L. No. 1-1994.
[2]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection 8, Essential service building, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 4-7-1994 by L.L. No. 1-1994.
[Amended 4-1-1993 by L.L. No. 1-1993; 4-7-1994 by L.L. No. 1-1994; 12-7-1995 by L.L. No. 2-1995; 7-15-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999; 10-16-2002 by L.L. No. 4-2002]
These are the areas that have the lowest intensity of use, with a residential density of 1 family per 10 acres. The criteria used in selecting the land area to be devoted to this use are the lack of roads or road network within the area; the topography of the land, whether steep or swampy areas; the availability of water and sewer and, if not available, the suitability or unsuitability of the land for sewage drainage fields; and the remoteness of the land from population concentrations.
Permitted Uses
Permitted Uses With Special Permits
2 single-family units on 1 lot
2-family dwelling
Accessory use
Animal hospital
Agricultural, including nurseries and greenhouses
Commercial horse farms and riding academies
Farm or residential pond
Clubhouse, in connection with golf course or other outdoor recreation facility
Forestry
Nonprofit recreation facilities
Golf course
Public buildings
Home occupations
Residential cluster
Private swimming pool with fence
Travel trailer camps
Public outdoor recreation
Water recreation and water storage facility
Single-family dwelling
Lot Size, Density and Yard Dimensions
Minimum Lot Size
Minimum Yard Dimensions
(feet)
Area
(acres)
Width
(feet)
Minimum Area/
Family
(acres)
Front
Each Side
Rear
10
300
5
50
50
50
[Amended 4-1-1993 by L.L. No. 1-1993; 4-7-1994 by L.L. No. 1-1994; 12-7-1995 by L.L. No. 2-1995; 7-15-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999; 10-16-2002 by L.L. No. 4-2002]
The Rural Lands Two District contains the majority of farm lands in Chatham which require protection against incompatible uses which might destroy the agricultural environment and investments which make Chatham an agricultural community. The principal permitted uses are farming, related agricultural activities and a low density of residential use. Other types of uses are permitted only in special instances where the uses do not interfere with the agricultural activities or where they cannot be better accommodated in other areas of the town.
Permitted Uses
Permitted Uses With Special Permits
2 single-family units on 1 lot
2-family dwelling
Accessory uses
Animal hospital
Agricultural, including sale of farm produce
Cemeteries
Commercial horse farms and riding academies
Churches
Farm or residential pond
Drive-in theaters
Forestry
Mobile home parks
Golf course and tennis courts
Planned business development
Home occupations
Public and semipublic buildings and uses
Nurseries and greenhouses
Recreational facilities and recreational buildings
Private swimming pool with fence
Residential cluster
Public outdoor recreational facility
Summer camps and retreats
Single-family dwelling
Travel trailer camps
Water recreation and water storage
Lot Size, Density and Yard Dimensions
Minimum Lot Size
Minimum Yard Dimensions
(feet)
Area
(acres)
Width
(feet)
Minimum Area/
Family
(acres)
Front
Each Side
Rear
5
300
2.5
50
50
50
[Amended 4-1-1993 by L.L. No. 1-1993; 4-7-1994 by L.L. No. 1-1994; 12-7-1995 by L.L. No. 2-1995; 7-15-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999; 10-16-2002 by L.L. No. 4-2002]
These areas are to provide space for rural residences at a low density where generally soils have good surface drainage characteristics, and on-site sewer systems would properly function. Additionally, these areas are serviced by good roads.
Permitted Uses
Permitted Uses With Special Permits
2 single-family units on 1 lot
2-family dwelling
Accessory uses
Church
Farm or residential pond
Hospital or clinic
Home occupation
Mobile home park
Private swimming pool with fence
Nonprofit recreational area
Public or private school
Nursing and convalescent home
Single-family dwelling
Planned business development
Public building
Residential cluster
Water recreation and water storage
Lot Size, Density and Yard Dimensions
Minimum Lot Size
Minimum Yard Dimensions
(feet)
Area
(acres)
Width
(feet)
Minimum Area/
Family
(acres)
Front
Each Side
Rear
3
300
1.5
50
50
50
[Amended 4-1-1993 by L.L. No. 1-1993; 4-7-1994 by L.L. No. 1-1994; 7-15-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999; 10-16-2002 by L.L. No. 4-2002]
A. 
Areas for commercial activities are provided to supplement existing business areas in the town, especially to serve those businesses that are highway-oriented and those requiring large areas, such as farm equipment dealers.
B. 
More than 1 business may be allowed per lot. The type and number of businesses allowed will be determined at the time of the site plan review, consideration being given to traffic flow, parking, sewage disposal and availability of utilities. During the site plan review, the Planning Board may impose side yards of up to 25 feet.
Permitted Uses
Permitted Uses With Special Permits
Accessory use
Churches
Auto service station
Multifamily dwelling
Automotive repair
Private club or school
Bank
Theater
Clinic
Commercial recreation
Dry cleaning
Farm or residential pond
Health club
Hotel or motel
Motor vehicle salesroom and garage
Office
Personal service shop
Public facility
Research or testing laboratory
Restaurant
Retail sales
Retail store or shop
Single-family dwelling
Theater
Lot Size, Density and Yard Dimensions
Minimum Lot Size
Minimum Yard Dimensions
(feet)
Area
(acres)
Width
(feet)
Minimum Area/
Family
(acres)
Front
Each Side
Rear
2
200
0.5
25
--
50
[Amended 4-1-1993 by L.L. No. 1-1993; 4-7-1994 by L.L. No. 1-1994; 7-15-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999; 10-16-2002 by L.L. No. 4-2002]
This area provides locations for the establishment of plants to provide employment opportunities and a broadening of the tax base in Chatham. Potential good highway access and water and sewer services are major considerations. A variety of types of manufacturing and offices are permitted. This area does not conflict with major residential areas. More than one business may be allowed per lot. The type and number of businesses allowed will be determined at the time of the site plan review, consideration being given to traffic flow, parking, sewage disposal and availability of utilities.
Permitted Uses
Permitted Uses With Special Permits
Accessory use
Commercial use serving the industrial area
Any manufacturer, compounding, processing, packing, treatment of warehousing of goods and products, provided that the use meets standards of performance of this chapter
Automotive repair
Dry cleaning
Farm or residential pond
Health club
Office
Public facility
Research or testing laboratories
Retail sales
Warehousing or trucking terminals
Lot Size, Density and Yard Dimensions
Minimum Lot Size
Minimum Yard Dimensions
(feet)
Area
(acres)
Width
(feet)
Minimum Area/
Family
(acres)
Front
Each Side
Rear
2
200
--
25
50
50
[Added 4-19-2001 by L.L. No. 1-2001]
A. 
These special overlay areas provide locations for the construction of communication and broadcast towers by special use permit and in accordance with federal and state law. No additional permitted or permitted uses with special permits are hereby established. Minimum setback requirements of the various affected underlying zones shall not be reduced by the implementation of these zones. Such setbacks shall be increased within the T-1, T-2, and T-3 Zones by a distance equal to the height of the tower or the distance of the corresponding minimum yard setback (front, side and rear) according to the requirements for that zone as stated in the lot size, density and yard dimensions of the Town of Chatham Town Code, whichever is greater. Additionally, the base of any guy wire shall be subject to the normal setback requirements of the underlying zone in which the proposed tower is to be sited. However, no applicant shall receive a special use permit hereunder in Zones T-2 and T-3 unless the applicant provides sufficient evidence to show that a tower in such zone is necessary to provide reasonable coverage within the Town of Chatham as set forth hereinafter.
B. 
The following three special overlay communication and broadcast tower and facility zoning districts within the Town of Chatham are hereby created:
(1) 
District T-1, consisting of the area of land within the New York State Thruway right-of-way commencing and entering the Hamlet of North Chatham at or near the intersection of State Route 203 and Smith Road and traversing the Town in a generally southeasterly direction and exiting the Town in the Hamlet of East Chatham at or near the intersection of County Route 9 and Old Mill Street;
(2) 
District T-2, consisting of the area of land within 2,000 feet of the center line of the Taconic State Parkway right-of-way bounded by the Town of Chatham/Village of Chatham/Town of Ghent/Town of Austerlitz Town line on the south and NYS Route 295 to the north, except any area within 500 feet of NYS Route 295; and
(3) 
District T-3, consisting of the area of land bounded by the Town of Chatham/Town of Kinderhook Town line and Route 203 on the west; the Conrail tracks on the south; Goold Road on the east; and Sutherland and Sullivan Road on the north.
C. 
Antenna arrays shall be allowed on tall structures throughout the Town, provided that the Zoning Board of Appeals determines that such installation will not extend the height of the structure more than five feet, can be appropriately camouflaged and otherwise conforms to the requirements of this chapter.
[Added 10-16-2002 by L.L. No. 4-2002]
Mining of all kinds is prohibited throughout the Town of Chatham except as specifically set forth in this section. The Town Board seeks to promote the safety, health and general welfare of the residents of the Town of Chatham by removing the danger to health, safety and life caused by creation of excessive noise and/or light; excessive quantities of dust; deep excavations remaining in the ground; traffic dangers; exposure of the bare earth to wind action and other natural elements; creation of artificial pools of water; pollution of water; danger to the groundwater, watershed, wildlife resources, including flora and fauna, and destruction of natural drainageways. A Mining Floating Zone, hereinafter also referred to as an "M" Zone, is hereby established for such use. It is designed to mitigate impacts and to assure that any mining is compatible with the character of the surrounding community, and to prevent excessive noise; prevent land from being left in a hazardous state; prevent soil erosion; protect the natural vegetative cover of such land; and prevent destruction of natural drainageways. At the same time, it is recognized that the mining provided for in this Mining Floating Zone is necessary and useful and should be allowed when not in conflict with the express purposes of this section. There is hereby created a Mining Floating Zone located as shown and so designated on the Zoning Map of the Town of Chatham, which is a part of the Code of the Town of Chatham, and shall be added to § 180-5 thereof. Enactment of a local law by the Town Board is required to locate an M Zone. An M Zone may be created only within the RL-1, RL-2, RL-3 and I Zones.
Lot Size, Density and Yard Dimensions
Minimum Lot Size
Minimum Yard Dimensions
(feet)
Area
(acres)
Width
(feet)
Minimum Area/
Family
(acres)
Front
Each Side
Rear
10
400
--
200
200
200
A. 
Application process.
(1) 
A person seeking to locate an M Zone shall file an application with the Town Clerk, signed by the owner or owners of the property or a by a duly designated and authorized agent of said owner or owners.
(2) 
Once the Town Board has received a complete application to locate an M Zone, it may decide to meet with the applicant to discuss the application and determine whether additional information is needed. The Town Board may, at its discretion, decline to consider any application for a Mining Floating Zone. The Board may also, at its discretion, decide to hold informational meeting(s) to obtain public input on the proposal.
(3) 
If the Town Board decides to consider the application to locate an M Zone, it shall transmit a copy of the complete application to both the Zoning Board of Appeals and the Planning Board for a review and recommendation. The Boards shall officially respond to the Town Board's referral within 45 days of the receipt of the application from the Town Board, unless either Board requests an extension and such extension is granted by the Town Board. In addition, the complete application shall be referred to the Columbia County Planning Department as may be required by the New York State General Municipal Law.
(4) 
The Town Board shall comply with all State Environmental Quality Review Act[1] requirements.
[1]
Editor's Note: See the New York State Environmental Conservation Law, § 8-0101 et seq.
(5) 
If the Town Board decides to consider the application to locate an M Zone, the Town Board shall schedule a public hearing on the proposed M Zone application in compliance with all applicable sections of Town Law. The Zoning and Planning Boards' recommendation and the referral from the Columbia County Planning Department, if any, shall be introduced at the public hearing and become a part of the official meeting minutes.
(6) 
Within 60 days after completion of the public hearing, the Town Board shall determine whether to approve, approve with conditions or deny the application. In considering an application for designation of an M Zone, the Town Board must determine that the application meets the following:
(a) 
The use shall be designed, located and operated so as to protect the public health, safety and welfare of the community.
(b) 
The location, size, nature and intensity of the use, the size of the site in relation to the use and the location of the site, with respect to streets giving access to the use, shall assure that the use will be in harmony with the appropriate and orderly development of the neighborhood in which the use will be located and the nature and height of the buildings, walls and fences will not discourage the appropriate development and use of adjacent land and buildings or impair the value thereof.
(c) 
The use shall be designed, located and operated so as to protect the groundwater; any residential or commercial water supply; drainage; nearby wetlands and nearby critical environmental areas as defined in the State Environmental Quality Review Act.
(d) 
The use shall not be more objectionable to nearby properties, by reason of aesthetic or visual impact, noise, fumes, vibration or flashing lights, than would any permitted use in the area.
(e) 
The use shall not generate undue traffic congestion, create a traffic hazard or impact the safety of children on school bus routes.
(f) 
The use shall have adequate road frontage and safe access directly onto a paved Town, county or state highway.
(g) 
The use shall be designed in accordance with the approval standards specified in Subsection D below.
(7) 
If the Town Board decides to grant the application for an M Zone, this chapter shall be amended to reflect the changes to the text of the zone regulations, and the zone, appropriately labeled, shall be shown on the Zoning Map. The boundaries of the M Zone shall be no less than 200 feet from the property line of the adjacent properties.
(8) 
Within six months after the Town Board has adopted a zoning amendment creating an M Zone, the applicant shall apply to the Planning Board for site plan approval pursuant to this chapter. The Planning Board shall grant approval if it finds that the site plan satisfies the standards and criteria of this section and this chapter. If more than six months elapse between Town Board approval and the submission of a site plan application, the M Zone designation shall expire, and the property shall revert to its previous zoning classification, following notice to the applicant and owner and a public hearing, unless an extension is granted to the applicant by the Town Board.
(9) 
If, after the passage of one year from the date of site plan approval by the Planning Board the mining operation has not started, the M Zone designation shall expire and the property shall revert to its previous zoning classification, unless the applicant shall obtain an extension from the Town Board.
B. 
Application information.
(1) 
An applicant for a Mining Floating Zone and site plan approval under this section shall file 25 copies with the Town Clerk. The application shall state the specific intended use for the property and shall include a schematic site plan depicting the approximate size, height and location of the proposed structures, parking areas, roads, open space and other facilities. An application for an M Zone shall also include a completed short or full environmental assessment form as required by SEQRA, Article 8 of the Environmental Conservation Law and Part 617 of Title 6 of the New York Codes, Rules and Regulations. Each copy thereof shall set forth and include:
(a) 
Copy of any document submitted to or received from the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (the "DEC") in connection with an application submitted to such agency, including but not limited to the applicable mining permit granted by the said DEC.
(b) 
A detailed statement of the nature of the proposed operation and the manner in which it is proposed to be conducted, and of the number of acres of land to be used in connection therewith.
(c) 
A statement as to the nature and type of any structure to be used in such operation and either presently on the area of proposed operations or to be built thereon.
(d) 
A statement as to the source of required water to be utilized in the operation and the amount of such use annually.
(e) 
A statement as to the amount of minerals proposed to be removed and the manner of removal thereof during the permit period and during any subsequent period.
(f) 
A statement as to the period of time required to complete the proposed mining operation, including any proposed restoration and reclamation.
(g) 
A proposed plan of reclamation of the area proposed for such usage, with a statement as to the amount of such reclamation proposed to be accomplished within the permit period, and a time schedule as to reclamation proposed to be accomplished subsequent to the permit period. Where no reclamation is proposed, a statement to that effect will be submitted stating the reason or reasons that reclamation is not proposed. Where a proposed plan of reclamation is submitted, an easement executed and acknowledged by the owner or, if more than one, the owners, running to the Town and permitting entry on the land to perform reclamation in the event of the failure of the applicant to the Town's satisfaction shall be submitted.
(h) 
A statement setting forth the proposed hours of operation; the level of traffic to be produced and the proposed routes to be used by such traffic during such time.
(i) 
An abstract of title or other satisfactory evidence of the ownership of the land on which the operation is to be conducted.
(j) 
A statement as to the existing groundwater level, and the methodology for arriving at such statement, at the location proposed for the M Zone.
(k) 
A topographical map showing the boundary of the total property on which the operation is proposed to be conducted and all other adjacent property and streets and highways within 500 feet of the perimeter of the land on which the operation is proposed to be conducted and, also, showing all structures within the area of the map, the owners of all land shown on the map and the zoning classification of all such land. Such map shall show contour elevations at two-foot intervals using United States Geological Survey data. Such map may be referred to as the "topographical site map."
(l) 
A statement as to the current zoning classification of the land on which the operation is proposed to be conducted.
(m) 
A topographical map showing the boundary of the total property on which the operation is proposed to be conducted distinctly outlined and all property within 500 feet thereof, with contour elevations at two-foot intervals using United States Geological Survey data and showing, in a distinctive fashion, proposed contour elevations at two-foot heights after reclamation, if any is proposed, and after each stage thereof. Such map may be referred to as the "reclamation plan map."
(n) 
The written, notarized consent of each nonapplicant owner of the premises on which the operation is proposed to be conducted.
(o) 
A statement setting forth the record of compliance for any prior mining activities of the applicant or any related person.
(2) 
Each such map shall be prepared by either a professional engineer duly licensed by the State of New York or by a surveyor duly licensed by the State of New York and shall be certified to the Town as to the accuracy thereof by such preparer. Such certification shall be provided within 30 days of the date of the application to the Town Board and shall be recertified within 30 days of the date of the site plan review application, unless such site plan review application is made within 30 days of the enactment by the Town Board of the M Zone. Each such map shall be drawn in a scale of not greater than one inch to 100 feet nor less than one inch to 20 feet.
(3) 
Upon acceptance of the application and the deeming of same to be complete by the Town Board, the applicant shall by certified mail notify all landowners whose land is adjacent to the perimeter of the proposed zone, or within 500 feet thereof, of the application.
C. 
Public hearing. No new M Zone may be located and no approval under this section shall be issued under this section until after a public hearing by the Town Board, in accordance with the Town Code. Before the Town Board public hearing, the Town Code Enforcement Officer shall investigate the facts and circumstances of the application and submit a report in writing to the Town Board prior to the public hearing, which report shall either be read at the public hearing or made available for public inspection during the hearing and which shall include but not be limited to a recommendation regarding whether the application complies with the zoning requirements and whether all items required herein have been submitted. Nothing contained in the preceding sentence shall be deemed to limit the power of the Town Board to act on the application if the Town Code Enforcement Officer fails to submit such a report. The Town Board may hold a preliminary hearing or hearings or a preliminary conference or conferences with the applicant or his representative, and any such preliminary conference or preliminary hearing may be held without public notice.
D. 
Approval standards. Each local law locating an M Zone shall include, but not be limited to, the following provisions:
(1) 
Mining operations may only be conducted between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday and between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 12:00 noon on Saturdays. Mining operations may not occur on any Sunday or legal holidays as set by the Town Board.
(2) 
All access points and roadways to the affected area shall be from a paved Town, county or state highway. No vehicles utilizing or accessing the affected area shall stop, stand, park or idle outside the affected area.
(3) 
All mining operations shall be conducted without unnecessary noise and shall at all times be in conformity with then-enacted portions of the Town Code relating to noise.
(4) 
Barriers shall be erected and maintained around the area of operation and shall have no openings other than a gate or gates for ingress and egress, and each such gate shall be kept locked at all times except during the working hours of the operation when the operator or an owner of the land or an agent or employee of the operator or of the owner is inside. Such barrier shall be maintained until reclamation of the area is complete, and after reclamation such barrier shall be maintained around each and every pit or excavation exceeding six feet in depth. This standard may be waived or modified with respect to any particular mining operation, provided the Town Board finds that the public safety will not be jeopardized, and subject to such conditions as the Town Board may impose.
(5) 
At no time shall any mining operations be conducted within 200 feet of any adjacent property line or the boundary of any public street or highway.
(6) 
At no time shall any mining operations, parking of vehicles or equipment or stockpiling of mineral, overburden or other product of the mining operation be conducted within 200 feet of any residence or business structure.
(7) 
All mining operations shall be conducted in a safe manner, and all slopes shall be excavated and maintained at safe angles to prevent collapse of upper grade surfaces and danger to children.
(8) 
No excavation shall adversely affect groundwater levels of other properties.
(9) 
All haulageways shall be paved with blacktop or similar material for a minimum of 250 feet from intersection with the public roadway. All other haulageways shall be topped and maintained with materials of no less quality than item four gravel, or comparable quality, within the affected area.
(10) 
Any vehicle entering a public road shall be free of exterior dirt, mud or other debris and shall be washed prior to leaving the limits of any affected area, if necessary to remove same.
(11) 
Overburden removed in connection with any such operation shall not be removed from the premises and shall be arranged in a berm-like condition in a manner designed to help prevent noise, dust, and other emissions from escaping the mine. In the event that topsoil is the product being removed from the mining operation, sufficient reserves of such material shall be kept within the affected area sufficient to complete the reclamation plan.
(12) 
Topsoil shall be re-spread upon the surface of the land from which such minerals have been removed unless this requirement is expressly waived by the Town Board.
(13) 
All haulageways shall be at all points at least 200 feet from any residence or public building, provided that this standard may be waived or modified by the Town Board.
(14) 
All materials used as fill shall be free from garbage, refuse, offal or other deleterious or unwholesome matter.
(15) 
All areas on which overburden has been re-spread, as required hereinabove, or by any approved plan of reclamation, shall be prepared for and seeded with grass, unless other vegetation or planting with vines or other covering is specified in an approved plan of reclamation.
(16) 
All trucks hauling materials from any operation regulated or licensed under this section shall be loaded in such a manner as not to spread or spill such materials on any street or highway within the confines of the Town.
(17) 
No removal of earth from the ground shall be made in such manner as to undermine, weaken or deprive of support other lands in the vicinity or so as to substantially obstruct, impede or change the course of or the natural movement or flow of surface water therein, or otherwise adversely affect any public waterway, public body of water, wetland, lake, pond, river, creek, waterway or body of water which is used as a part of any drainage system.
(18) 
All facilities, including but not limited to that used for the crushing, screening, washing, stockpiling or processing of minerals, shall at all times be located only in an area approved by the Planning Board.
(19) 
In order that the Town be in an assured position to enforce the provisions of the Mining Floating Zone issued hereunder, and have the completed excavation meet provisions of such zone and other applicable laws or ordinances of the Town, the applicant, upon the creation of a Mining Floating Zone hereunder, shall grant to the Town, its officers or employees, the license to enter upon the premises to determine that the provisions of the new zone are being fulfilled and require such work to be done as may be necessary to meet the conditions of the zone.
(20) 
Maintenance, repair and fueling of vehicles and equipment shall be conducted so as to minimize and prevent lubricant and fuel spills to the maximum practicable extent. Mine vehicles and mining equipment shall be maintained in proper operating condition.
(21) 
All discharges of silt, sediment or process water shall be confined within the permit area unless prior approval from the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Regional Water Quality Engineer is obtained.
(22) 
No chemical additions to processing water shall occur at any time unless prior approval from the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Regional Water Quality Engineer is obtained.
(23) 
No pollution of the groundwater or surface waters shall occur.
(24) 
The applicant shall agree to engage in a program of mine site security through the use of gates and barriers to prevent unauthorized entry to the mine property.
(25) 
The applicant shall agree to report to the Town Code Enforcement Officer all spills of chemicals, including gasoline, motor oil or hydraulic fluids, in excess of one gallon at any one time, within one hour of discovery of such spill.
(26) 
The applicant shall agree to file, annually, at least 30 days prior to the anniversary date of the enactment of a certification that all conditions imposed by the respective Boards are met, that the mining operation continues to be in compliance therewith and proof that any bond required is in effect.
E. 
Bond/insurance.
(1) 
In the event the Town Code Enforcement Officer or other designated Town officer shall determine that the bond required by any entity having jurisdiction over the use proposed in the application is insufficient to complete its contemplated purpose, or in the event the use does not fall within the jurisdiction of any other governmental body or agency having superior jurisdiction to that of the Town Board or the Planning Board, as the case may be, the filing of a performance bond may be required as follows:
(a) 
Before the location of any new M Zone or the issuance of any permit hereunder, the Town Board shall, unless it shall have first determined that no bond is required, require that a bond be executed and filed by the applicant and by any and all owners of the premises on which said operation is to be conducted. Such bond shall be issued by a surety company licensed to do business in the State of New York. Such bond shall be in an amount equal to twice the estimated cost of such reclamation or $5,000, whichever be the greater sum. Such bond must be approved by the Town Attorney prior to the enactment of any local law locating an M Zone hereunder. Such bond shall provide that in case of any failure or default to perform the work required to be performed the bond shall be called, upon written notice to the principal or principals and to the surety sent by certified mail to their addresses as shown in the bond, unless such failure be corrected within 90 days of the mailing of such notice to the principal (or principals) and surety. The ninety-day notice of such default or failure may be given at any time after such default or failure.
(b) 
If said default is not cured within the ninety-day period, the Town shall, upon written request to the surety, receive the full amount of the bond and commence reclamation.
(c) 
Said bond may not be cancelled for any reason unless authorized in writing by the Town.
(d) 
If the surety notifies the principal or Town of its desire to cancel the bond, such notice must be at least 120 days in advance of the cancellation. This notice shall hereinafter be referred to as "cancellation notice."
(e) 
The principal must replace any cancelled bond within 90 days of the receipt of cancellation notice, and the failure to do so is a default under this section, triggering the principal's requirement to commence reclamation. If reclamation is not completed before the expiration of the cancellation notice period, the Town may call the bond due as stated in Subsection E(1)(b) above.
(f) 
Said bond shall remain in full force and effect until released by the Town, except that the Town Board or Planning Board may reduce the amount thereof in a proper case. Prior to any such release the Town Board or Planning Board may require a statement showing the manner of compliance with the plan of reclamation, and a topographical map of the area on which the mining operation was conducted and the area within 300 feet of the perimeter of the area of operation, showing contour elevations at intervals of heights of two feet. The Town Board shall refer any request for release of any such bond to the Town Code Enforcement Officer, who shall report on compliance with the plan of reclamation within 15 days of such referral.
(g) 
Said bond shall also provide that the time for compliance with any such plan of reclamation shall be deemed to be accelerated and terminate 120 days after the date of revocation of such permit pursuant to the provisions of this section as in effect at the time of such revocation.
(h) 
In lieu of such bond, the Town Board or Planning Board may permit a letter of credit or a cash deposit to be made with the Town, subject to the approvals, conditions and forfeitures specified hereinabove in the case of a bond.
(2) 
Before the enactment of a local law hereunder, the applicant shall present, to the Town, certificates of insurance evidencing the acquisition of liability insurance coverage in the amounts deemed by the Town Board to be appropriate and by resolution for death/bodily injury and property damage. Said insurance shall be maintained throughout the life of the Mining Floating Zone and for a three-year period after reclamation has been completed, and the aforementioned certificates shall provide for 120 days' notice to the Town prior to cancellation by the carrier.
F. 
Exceptions. The following operations and uses are hereby excepted from the application of § 180-16.2:
(1) 
All existing mines permitted by the Town and operating on the date of enactment hereof shall continue to be operated pursuant to the terms and conditions of their respective permits.
(2) 
Excavation or removal of earth, mineral or rock incident to highway, sidewalk or driveway construction to the extent such topsoil, sand, earth and/or gravel is removed solely from the bed of said highway, sidewalk or driveway.
(3) 
The moving of earth, mineral or rock from one portion of premises to another portion of the same premises as an incident to construction of a building or other improvement to land or as an incident to farming or landscaping, subject to the requirements for obtaining a grading permit set forth at § 180-40 of this chapter.
(4) 
Removal of earth, mineral or rock from the area of a subdivision granted final approval by the Planning Board of the Town of Chatham pursuant to any then-applicable zoning ordinance of the Town of Chatham, provided that any such removal be in accordance with plans and specifications approved by said Planning Board.
(5) 
Construction of sewage-disposal systems.
(6) 
Any of the exceptions set forth in the New York State Agriculture and Markets Law.
(7) 
Any sanitary landfill or dump operation conducted by the Town of Chatham or on its behalf.
(8) 
Any mining operation conducted by the Town of Chatham.
(9) 
Grading permits as defined in § 180-40 of this chapter.
(10) 
Small-scale mining as defined in § 180-23.1 of this chapter.
G. 
Posting and entry on posted premises.
(1) 
The operator under this section shall cause the outside perimeter of the premises on which the mining operation is conducted, or the outside perimeter of that portion of the premises on which such operation is conducted, to be posted with appropriate notices having dimensions of not less than 11 inches square, containing, with letters of not less than one inch in height, the following language:
"No trespassing. These premises are subject to a local law of the Town of Chatham, Columbia County, New York. Unauthorized entry upon these premises constitutes an offense punishable by a fine not exceeding $100 or imprisonment for not more than six months, or both."
(2) 
Such notices shall be posted not farther apart than 100 feet and shall be posted on each side of each entrance into the premises on which such operation is being conducted. No person, other than those lawfully engaged in operations thereon or the Town Code Enforcement Officer, police officer or authorized Town representative, shall enter onto any such posted premises.
H. 
Reimbursement of review costs; indemnification.
(1) 
The applicant under this section shall be required to establish an escrow account to reimburse the Town of Chatham for the legitimate costs of review associated with the use of professionals qualified to review the required plans, reports and other technical information submitted in support of an application for a mining operation or small-scale mine. The initial amount of the escrow account shall be determined on a case-by-case basis, but in no case shall be less than $3,000 or such larger amount estimated by the Town Board and/or Planning Board to be reasonable and necessary to cover the cost of the review to be incurred by the Town. All necessary reviewing professionals assisting the Town in such reviews shall provide an estimate of the approximate cost of review services. The Town shall submit an itemized bill to the applicant at least five business days prior to any deduction of such amount billed from the escrow account. The respective Boards may periodically and at their discretion require the replenishment of the escrow account established hereunder. Upon completion of the application and review process, any balance remaining in the escrow account shall be refunded to the applicant within 30 days of the submission and payment of the final bill by the Town and payment in full of all application and approval fees.
(2) 
In any approval hereunder, the respective Boards shall require an irrevocable commitment from the owner of the mine and related facilities, the owner of the land upon which the mine is located, and any and all lessees and the affiliates of any of the above, to defend, indemnify, and hold the Town of Chatham, its boards, officials, employees and agents, free and harmless from judgments or costs, including reasonable attorneys' fees, arising directly or indirectly from the construction, use, operation and/or reclamation of the mining operation and affected areas except as to those arising from the Town's own negligence.
I. 
Complaints. Any person may file a complaint of any violation of this section, in writing, with the Town Code Enforcement Officer, who shall investigate the same and report thereon to the Town Board within 10 days.
J. 
Abandonment of use; rescission or suspension of local law authorizing Mining Floating Zone.
(1) 
If the Town Code Enforcement Officer, or any authorized representative of the Town, finds that any mining operation permitted hereunder is not being conducted in accordance with the provisions of this section or of the site plan approval under which such operation is conducted, issued either under this section or prior to the effective date hereof, or is abandoned as defined herein, such facts shall be reported, by such Town Code Enforcement Officer or other Town representative, to the Town Board, which may direct that an order in writing be served upon the applicant directing that the conditions therein specified as being in violation of this section or such permit be remedied within five days after date of service of such order.
(2) 
Such order may be served either by personal delivery upon the operator in the same manner as a personal delivery of a summons or by certified mail. If served by certified mail, service shall be deemed to have been made five days after mailing thereof. If such conditions are not remedied within five days after such service, the Town Board may cause a notice in writing to be served upon the operator directing him to appear before the Town Board on a date and at a place within the Town specified in such notice and show cause why such local law or permit should not be rescinded or suspended.
(3) 
Such notice may be served either by personal delivery on the operator in the same manner as a summons or by certified mail; if served by certified mail, service shall have been deemed to have been made five days after mailing thereof. The hearing shall be set for a date at least 10 days and not more than 30 days after service of the notice. The Town Board may hold such hearing and testimony of witnesses may be heard thereat.
(4) 
The Town Board, after such hearing, may elect to rescind such local law or site plan approval or suspend the same. Such suspension may, by its terms, lead to a rescission of the local law upon failure of the operator to comply with the terms of suspension.
(5) 
No rescission or suspension of such local law or site plan approval hereunder shall be ordered by such Board in the absence of a finding of a violation thereof. An order of suspension or revocation hereunder shall be served upon the operator either by personal delivery to the operator or by certified mail and shall be effective immediately upon service; if service is made by certified mail, service of such order shall be deemed completed five days after mailing. All service by certified mail under this action shall be mailed to the operator at his address as shown in the application under this local law and, in addition, if a more current address be known, to such current address. This section shall not preclude the Town from enforcing this section by any other lawful means, including any action for a penalty, for injunctive or other relief hereunder.
K. 
Termination of Mining Floating Zone. In the event that the Town Board elects to rescind a local law or revoke a site plan approval enacted or granted in accordance with the above provisions; the Town Board deems the mining operation to be abandoned in accordance with the definition herein; or the Town Code Enforcement Officer certifies that reclamation has been completed in accordance with the reclamation plan for the M Zone, the Mining Floating Zone created by local law authorized herein shall terminate and the land within the said zone shall return to its former zoning designation set forth in the Town Code of the Town of Chatham.
L. 
Penalties for offenses. Each and every violation of the provisions of this section or of the conditions and/or restrictions of a permit issued hereunder or of a permit issued under the Code of the Town of Chatham, New York, prior to the effective date hereof, for a mining operation shall be deemed an offense against this section and shall be punishable by a fine of not more than $250 or imprisonment for not more than six months, or both. Each day's continued violation of this section shall constitute a separate and additional violation.
M. 
Injunctive relief. Nothing contained herein shall prohibit the Town Board from maintaining, and the Town Board is authorized to maintain, an action or proceeding in the name of the Town in any court of competent jurisdiction to compel strict compliance with the provisions of this section and the conditions of any permit issued hereunder or any valid permit issued by the Planning Board and/or Zoning Board of Appeals prior to the effective date of this section, or to restrain by injunction the violation of any provision of this section or of any such permit.
N. 
Administrative rules and regulations. The Town Board may, at any time and from time to time, by resolution, adopt procedural rules and regulations with respect to applications hereunder and with respect to the administration and enforcement of this section, provided the same are not in conflict with this section.
O. 
Severability. If any clause, sentence, paragraph, section or part of this section shall be adjudicated by any court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, such judgment shall not affect the remainder of this section but shall be confined in its operation to the clause, sentence, paragraph, section or part thereof directly involved in the controversy in which such judgment shall have been rendered.
P. 
Miscellaneous
(1) 
This section is expressly adopted pursuant to the relevant sections of the New York State Town Law and the New York State Municipal Home Rule Law.
(2) 
All other provisions of the Code of the Town of Chatham shall remain in full force and effect.
(3) 
This section shall be effective immediately upon filing with the Secretary of State.
Q. 
Fees. Fees for applications and reviews provided for by this section shall be in the amount or amounts as established by the Town Board from time to time. Said fees shall be posted in the Town Hall on the official Schedule of Fees for the Town of Chatham.