No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any storm water, surface water, groundwater, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, cooling water or unpolluted industrial process waters to any sanitary sewer.
Stormwater and all other unpolluted drainage shall be discharged to such sewers as are specifically designated as storm sewers or to a natural outlet approved by the Department and/or other regulatory agencies. Industrial cooling water or unpolluted process waters may be discharged, upon approval of the Department and/or other regulatory agencies, to a storm sewer or natural outlet.
In addition to town discharge restrictions, there are also discharge restrictions that may be imposed by the receiving treatment plant facilities. Copies of the specific restrictions for the individual treatment facilities are on file at the Department.
Except as hereinafter provided, no person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following described waters or wastes to any public sewer:
Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than 150° F. (65° C.).
Any waters or wastes which contain fats, wax, grease or oil, and any other substance that will solidify or become discernibly viscous at temperatures below 150° F.
Any waters or wastes containing fats, whey, grease or oils, whether emulsified or not, exceeding an average concentration of 50 milligrams per liter (417 pounds per million gallons) or other soluble matter.
Any gasoline, benzene, naphtha, fuel oil, mineral oil or other flammable or explosive liquid, solid or gas which by reason of their nature of quantity are or may be sufficient, either alone or in combination with other substances, to cause fire or explosion or be injurious in any other way to the publicly owned sewerage works or to the operation of the publicly owned sewerage works or the public in general.
Any noxious or malodorous gas, such as hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide or nitrous oxide, or other substance which, either singly or by interaction with other wastes, is capable of creating a public nuisance or hazard to life or preventing entry into sewers for their maintenance and repair.
Any garbage that has not been properly shredded. The installation and operation of any garbage grinder equipped with a motor of 3/4 horsepower or greater shall be subject to the review and approval of the Department.
Any ashes, cinders, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, hair and fleshings, entrails, lime slurry, lime residues, beer or distillery slops, whey, chemical residue, paint residues, cannery waste, bulk solids or any other solid or viscous substance in quantities or of such size capable of causing obstruction to the flow of the sewers or other interference with the proper operation of the sewerage works.
Any waters or wastes, acid and alkaline in reaction, having corrosive properties capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment and personnel of the sewerage works. Free acids and alkalines must be neutralized at all times to within permissible pH range of 5.5 to 9.5.
Any substance which may cause the publicly owned sewerage works' effluent or any other product of the publicly owned sewerage works, such as residues, sludge or scums, to be unsuitable for reclamation and reuse or to interfere with the reclamation process where the publicly owned sewerage works is pursuing a reuse and reclamation program. In no case shall a substance discharged to the publicly owned sewerage works cause the publicly owned sewerage works to be in noncompliance with sludge use or disposal criteria, guidelines or regulations developed under Section 405 of the Act, any criteria, guidelines or regulations affecting sludge use or disposal development pursuant to the Solid Waste Disposal Act, the Clean Air Act, the Toxic Substance Control Act or state criteria applicable to the sludge management method being used.
Any waters or wastes containing strong acid, iron, pickling wastes, pesticides, herbicides, paint, biologically toxic wastes or concentrated plating solutions, whether neutralized or not.
Any waters or wastes containing iron, chromium, copper, zinc and similar objectionable or toxic substances or wastes exerting an excessive chlorine requirement, to such degree that any such material received in the composite sewage at the sewerage works exceeds the limits established by the Department, town, state or federal agencies for such materials.
Any waters or wastes containing phenols or other taste- or odor-producing substances in such concentrations exceeding limits which may be established by the Department, town, state or federal agencies as necessary, after treatment of the composite sewage, to meet the requirements of the state, federal or other public agencies of jurisdiction for such discharge to the receiving waters.
Any radioactive wastes or isotopes of such half-life or concentration as may exceed limits established by the Department in compliance with applicable state or federal regulations.
Waters or wastes containing substances which are not amenable to treatment or reduction by the sewage treatment processes employed or are amenable to treatment only to such degree that the sewerage works effluent cannot meet the requirements of other agencies having jurisdiction over discharge to the receiving waters.
Grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be provided when the above set limits for those substances are exceeded or when, in the opinion of the engineer and/or Department, they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amounts or any flammable wastes, sand and other harmful ingredients, except that such interceptors shall not be required for private living quarters or dwelling units. All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the engineer and shall be so located as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection.
Grease and oil interceptors shall be constructed of impervious materials capable of withstanding abrupt and extreme changes in temperature. They will be of substantial construction, watertight and equipped with easily removable covers, which, when bolted in place, shall be gastight and watertight.
Where installed, all grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be purchased and maintained by the applicant, at his expense, in continuously efficient operation at all times and shall be readily accessible and open to inspection by the Department at any time.
The admission into the public sewers of any waters or wastes that exceed the treatment capabilities or the treatment capacity as described in § 174-39 and § 174-40 shall be subject to the review and approval of the engineer and the Department. Where necessary, in the opinion of the engineer, the applicant shall provide, at his expense, such preliminary treatments as may be necessary to bring the discharge flow into compliance with this chapter. Plans, specifications and any other pertinent information relating to proposed preliminary treatment facilities shall be submitted for the approval of the engineer, and the construction of such facilities shall not commence until said approvals are obtained in writing. Failure to comply with one or more of the remedial procedures as required by the Department will constitute a violation of this chapter.
Where preliminary treatment or flow-equalizing facilities are provided for any waters or wastes, they shall be maintained continuously in satisfactory and effective operation by the applicant at his expense. Should conditions develop that render the system inoperative or unsanitary as determined by the Department, cleaning, repairing or replacing of the system will be required at the applicant's expense and as prescribed by the engineer and the Department.
When required by the Department, the applicant of any property served by a service line carrying industrial wastes shall install a suitable control manhole in the service line to facilitate observation, sampling and measurement of the wastes. Such manhole, when required, shall be accessible and safely located and shall be constructed in accordance with plans approved by the Department. The manhole shall be installed and maintained by and at the applicant's expense, so as to be safe and accessible at all times.
All measurements, tests and analyses of the characteristics of water and wastes to which reference is made in § 174-39 and § 174-40 shall be determined, in accordance with the latest version of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (§ 174-7), based upon suitable samples taken at control manhole provided for in § 174-44. In the event that no special manhole has been required, the control manhole shall be considered to be the nearest downstream manhole in the public sewer to the point at which the service line is connected.
All of the preceding standards are to apply at the point where the industrial wastes are discharged into the public sewerage system, and any chemical or mechanical corrective treatment required must be accomplished to practical completion before the wastes reach that point. The laboratory methods used in the examination of all industrial wastes shall be those set forth in the latest version of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Sewage, published by the American Public Health Association (§ 174-7). However, alternative methods for the analysis of industrial wastes may be used, subject to mutual agreement between the Department and the producer of such wastes. The frequency and duration of the sampling of any industrial waste shall not be less than once a quarter for 24 hours. However, more frequent and longer periods may be required at the discretion of the Department.
An industrial applicant shall notify the Department immediately upon accidentally discharging wastes in violation of this chapter. This notification shall be followed, within 15 days of the date of occurrence, by a detailed written statement describing the causes of the accidental discharge and the measures being taken to prevent future occurrence. Such notification will not relieve users of liability for any expense, loss or damage to the sewerage system, treatment plant or treatment process or for any fines imposed by the town or any other governmental body having jurisdiction under applicable state and federal regulations.
A notice shall be furnished and permanently posted on the industrial user's bulletin board advising employees whom to call in case of an accidental discharge in violation of this chapter. Also, copies of this chapter are to be made available to the user's employees.
Any direct or indirect connection or entry point for persistent or deleterious wastes to the user's plumbing or drainage system should be eliminated. Where such action is impractical or unreasonable, the user shall approximately label such entry points to warn against discharge of such wastes in violation of this chapter.
When pretreatment regulations are adopted by the United States Environmental Protection Agency or New York State Department of Environmental Conservation for any industry, then that industry must immediately conform to the United States Environmental Protection Agency or New York State Department of Environmental Conservation timetable for adherence to federal or state pretreatment requirements and any other applicable requirements promulgated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency or New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Additionally, such industries shall comply with any more stringent standards necessitated local conditions as determined by the Department, or the Rensselaer County Health Department.
The town reserves the right to establish by law, ordinance, regulation or policy more stringent limitations or requirements on discharges to the wastewater disposal system if deemed necessary to comply with the objective presented in this chapter.
No applicant shall ever increase the use of process water or, in any way, attempt to dilute a discharge as a partial or complete substitute for adequate treatment to achieve compliance with the limitations contained in the federal categorical pretreatment standards or in any other pollutant-specific limitation developed by the town or state unless authorized by state or federal regulations.
The permit for industrial discharge, upon approval by the Department, shall be valid for a period of three years. This permit may be extended every three years by the Department upon receiving application for continued discharge within 90 days of permit expiration.
The permit's terms and conditions may be subject to modification and change by the Department. The Department shall notify any applicant(s) of such modification or change in permit requirements by certified letter, which shall also state a time limit for compliance. The compliance time shall be a reasonable time period set by the Department to comply with the change or modifications.
A permit shall not be reassigned or transferred or sold to a new applicant(s), new user, different premises or a new or changed operation, except in the case where a residential or commercial establishment changes applicant(s) and no change in discharge will occur.
An industrial discharger shall apply for a permit modification if a change or proposed change in production or process affects any of the wastewater characteristics or flow characteristics.
The conditions of wastewater discharge permits shall be uniformly enforced by the Department in accordance with this chapter and applicable municipal, county, state and federal regulations. The permits shall be expressly subject to all provisions of this law and all other regulations, user charges and fees established by the Department and applicable state, county and federal regulations.
Permits shall contain specifications and conditions for monitoring programs, which may include sampling locations, frequency of sampling, number, types and standards for tests and reporting schedule.