City of Newburgh, NY
Orange County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the City Council of the City of Newburgh 7-11-1983. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Housing and property standards — See Ch. 190.
Rental properties — See Ch. 240.
It is hereby ordained and directed that the City of Newburgh, by this chapter, adopts and establishes an Office of Fair Housing, which will be administered under the supervision of the City Manager. This chapter establishes policy and procedures to be followed by the City in maintaining a fair housing policy for City residents.
A. 
In accord with Title VIII of the United States Code and the Human Rights Law of the State of New York, as amended,[1] it is the policy of the City of Newburgh to provide fair housing.
[1]
Editor's Note: See § 290 et seq. of the Executive Law.
B. 
The purposes of this chapter are those in accord with Title VIII of the United States Code and § 296 of the Human Rights Law of the State of New York, as such section applies to fair housing.
All such definitions of Title VIII of the United States Code and the Human Rights Law of the State of New York, as amended, as pertain to fair housing are hereby restated by the City of Newburgh as the provisions of this chapter.
Except as otherwise provided below:
A. 
It shall be an unlawful discriminatory practice to:
(1) 
Refuse to sell or rent after the making of a bona fide offer or to refuse to negotiate for the sale or rental of or otherwise make unavailable or deny a dwelling to any person because of race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
(2) 
Discriminate against any person in the terms, conditions or privileges of sale or rental of a dwelling or in the provision of services for facilities in connection therewith because of race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
(3) 
Make, print or publish or cause to be made, printed or published any notice, statement or advertisement with respect to the sale or rental of a dwelling that indicates any preference, limitation or discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin or an intention to make any such preference, limitation or discrimination.
(4) 
Represent to any person, because of race, color, religion, sex or national origin, that any dwelling is not available for inspection, sale or rental when such dwelling is in fact so available.
(5) 
For profit, induce or attempt to induce any person to sell or rent any dwelling representations regarding the entry or prospective entry into the neighborhood of a person or persons of a particular race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
B. 
Nothing in this section shall apply to:
(1) 
Any single-family house sold or rented by an owner, provided that such private individual owner does not own more than three such single-family houses at any one time, and provided further that the sale or rental of any such single-family house shall be excepted from the application of this chapter only if such house is sold or rented:
(a) 
Without the use in any manner of the sale or rental facilities or the sales or rental services of any real estate broker, agent or salesman or of such facilities or services of any person in the business of selling or renting dwellings or of any employee or agent of any such broker, agent, salesman or person; and
(b) 
Without publication, posting or mailing, after notice, of any advertisement or written notice in violation of Subsection A(3) of this section.
(2) 
A religious organization, association or society or any nonprofit organization, or controllee of, from limiting the sale, rental or occupancy of dwellings which it owns or operates for other than a commercial purpose to promote the religious premise for which it was established and operated, unless membership is restricted on account of race, color or national origin.
(3) 
A private club not in fact open to the public, which, as an incident to its primary purpose or purposes, provides lodgings which it owns or operates for other than a commercial purpose, from limiting the rental or occupancy of such lodgings to its members or from giving preference to its members.
C. 
All such unlawful discriminatory practices contained in the Human Rights Law of the State of New York, as amended, §§ 296 through 301, pertaining to fair housing are hereby restated by the City of Newburgh as the provisions of this chapter. All such procedures as delineated within §§ 296 through 301 pertaining to fair housing are hereby supplemented by the provisions set forth in § 38-7 of this chapter.
There is hereby established a Fair Housing Office, which is designated to administer this chapter. The Fair Housing Officer shall be appointed by the City Manager and shall hereinafter be called the "Fair Housing Officer of the City of Newburgh." This position may be assigned as an additional duty of an employee of the City.
The Fair Housing Office, by and through the Fair Housing Officer, shall have the following functions, powers and duties:
A. 
To establish and maintain a principal office within the City of Newburgh as may be necessary.
B. 
To function at any place within the City of Newburgh.
C. 
To employ such personnel as may be necessary to effectively carry out its powers and duties.
D. 
Upon request, to obtain and utilize the services of all governmental departments and agencies.
E. 
To formulate policies to effectuate the purpose of this chapter and to make recommendations to agencies and officers of the City of Newburgh in and of such policies and purposes.
F. 
To receive and investigate complaints alleging violations of this chapter.
G. 
To have access at all reasonable times to premises, records, documents, individuals and other sources of evidence to examine, record and copy to conclude any investigation.
H. 
In conjunction with the Corporation Counsel of the City of Newburgh, to subpoena any such evidence as required to compel compliance.
I. 
In conjunction with the Corporation Counsel of the City of Newburgh, to obtain court orders to enforce all findings and discrimination.
J. 
To develop human rights plans and policies for the City of Newburgh and to assist in their execution, upon adoption; to make investigations and studies appropriate to effectuate this chapter; to inform persons of the rights assured and remedies provided under this chapter; to promote good will and to minimize or eliminate discrimination.
K. 
To render each year to the City Manager a written report of all of its activities and of its recommendations.
L. 
To furnish any person with such technical assistance that the office deems appropriate to further compliance with the purposes or provisions of this chapter.
M. 
Such other powers and duties described hereinafter and as may be designated by the City Manager and authorized by the City Council.
A. 
Any person claiming to be aggrieved by any unlawful discriminatory practice may, by himself or by his attorney, make, sign and file with the Fair Housing Officer a certified complaint, which shall state the name and address of the person or persons alleged to have committed the unlawful discriminatory practice complained of and which sets forth the particulars thereof and contains such other information as may be requested by the Office.
B. 
After the filing of the complaint, the Fair Housing Office shall make a prompt investigation in connection therewith.
C. 
If, in his judgment, the circumstances so warrant, the Fair Housing Officer may at any time after the filing of the complaint endeavor to eliminate such discriminatory practice by conference, consultation and persuasion.
D. 
In the case of failure to eliminate such discriminatory practices, the Fair Housing Officer, in conjunction with the Corporation Counsel of the City of Newburgh, may issue an order to cease and desist such discriminatory practices and further initiate positive mechanisms to effectuate the intent of this chapter.
E. 
Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed so as to limit or prohibit investigation by any other governmental unit of competent jurisdiction, nor shall anything contained herein limit any aggrieved party from pursuing any remedy available therefrom. In the event of such a situation, the Fair Housing Officer is hereby empowered to place any and all of its material obtained through the investigation at the disposal of such other governmental unit.