Town of Manlius, NY
Onondaga County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
Mobile home camps or mobile home parks are hereby prohibited in all zoning districts in the entire Town of Manlius outside of the incorporated Villages of Fayetteville, Manlius and Minoa. Individual mobile homes on sites conforming to this section shall be permitted in Restricted Agricultural (R-A) Districts only after the issuance of a mobile home permit by the Town Board as enumerated in this section.
[Amended 12-13-2000 by Ord. No. 5-2000]
B. 
Skirts, weather breakers, canopies and additions.
(1) 
Each mobile home owner shall be required to enclose the bottom portion of the mobile home with either a metal or wood skirt or use other durable material for the skirt, properly ventilated, within 60 days after approval of mobile home on site.
(2) 
A weather breaker, commercial or to conform to mobile home exterior, not to exceed 36 square feet shall be allowed at one entrance to the mobile home.
(3) 
A canopy on one side of the mobile home and open on three sides shall be allowed.
(4) 
Additions or additional structures added or affixed or used in connection with or as part of a mobile home shall not exceed a maximum aggregate of 200 square feet of floor space.
C. 
Driveways, road cuts. The appropriate approval from the authorized agency or department is required.
D. 
Requirements for a mobile home permit. The placement or replacement of a mobile home shall require compliance with the following standards and procedures:
[Amended 8-26-1992 by Ord. No. 6-1992; 12-13-2000 by Ord. No. 5-2000]
(1) 
Any mobile home hereinafter permitted in the Town of Manlius shall be for the personal use and occupancy of the applicant and his immediate family, and the permit shall lapse and be invalid when such use and occupancy ceases.
(2) 
The applicant must be the owner in fee of the property on which a mobile home is to be placed.
(3) 
Approval shall be granted only after review and action by the Town Board following a public hearing.
(4) 
Each mobile home site shall be restricted to one mobile home.
(5) 
The Town Board must determine prior to the issuance of any mobile home permit that:
(a) 
The application conforms to the requirements of this chapter.
(b) 
The proposal will not create any significant adverse or detrimental effects on the surrounding neighborhood.
(6) 
Any mobile home approved for use in the Town of Manlius must conform to the requirements of the New York State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code.
E. 
Procedures for application for mobile home permit.
(1) 
A preliminary application for a permit must be obtained from and filed with the Town Clerk. The application and the filing fee are nonrefundable subsequent to publication and public hearing and will be retained by the Town Clerk. The applicant must pay the uniform application fee which will be set by the Town Board. In addition, the applicant will pay all costs of publication. The license fee shall be as established by the Town Board. [1]
[1]
Editor's Note: A fee schedule is on file at the office of the Town Clerk.
(2) 
A survey must be enclosed with said application and must contain:
(a) 
A legal description of the property on which the proposed mobile home will be located.
(b) 
A general sketch plan of the proposed site, including the location of the mobile home and service facilities and private garage, if any.
(c) 
Abutting property owners and present use of such property.
(d) 
Proposed access and ingress routes.
(e) 
Any unusual special land features, such as streams, creeks, areas subject to flooding and areas of steep slopes in excess of 15°.
(3) 
The application, when completed, filed and the fee deposited, will be forwarded to the Town Board for a public hearing on five days' notice.
(4) 
A certificate of occupancy is to be obtained prior to occupancy of the unit.
(5) 
Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the owner of any property in the Town of Manlius for which a mobile home permit has heretofore been granted may apply for renewal of said mobile home permit. The use of property pursuant to a mobile home permit that was permitted prior to the adoption of this chapter will not be specifically prohibited; subject, however, to all other provisions of this chapter relating to nonconforming uses. Any such application will be considered on its merits pursuant to the standards and procedures of this section of this chapter and all other applicable laws and regulations.
F. 
Minimum size requirements for mobile homes.
(1) 
Any mobile home on an individual site shall contain no less than 600 square feet of living space.
(2) 
A mobile home site shall conform to the area, frontage and front, rear and side yard requirements as found in the Restricted Agricultural District R-A.
G. 
Sanitary facilities.
(1) 
General requirements for water. An adequate supply of water shall be provided for the mobile home. Where public water is available, connection shall be used exclusively unless local authorities deem otherwise. If a public water supply system is not available, the development of a private water supply system shall be approved by the health authority and other authorities having jurisdiction thereof. [2]
[2]
Editor's Note: See also Ch. 147, Water.
(2) 
General requirements for sewers. [3]
(a) 
An adequate and approved system shall be provided on the site for conveying and disposing of sewage from the mobile home. Such systems must be designed, constructed and maintained in accordance with Department of Health standards and regulations. An approved plan by the County Health Department must be submitted prior to issuance of the permit or occupancy of the unit.
(b) 
Garbage and refuse. Each mobile home owner shall make provisions for sanitary equipment to prevent littering of the grounds and premises with rubbish, garbage and refuse. Each mobile home shall have containers with tightly fitting covers. Regular disposal shall be provided for all rubbish, trash and garbage.
[3]
Editor's Note: See also Ch. 104, Sewers.
H. 
General requirements for the electrical distribution system and individual electrical system. All wiring fixtures and connections of the site must have the approval of the New York Board of Fire Underwriters and the local electrical power company or other authority designated by the Town of Manlius, New York.
I. 
Fuel supply and storage.
(1) 
General requirements for fuel oil supply system. All fuel oil supply systems provided for a mobile home shall be installed and maintained in conformity with the rules and regulations of the authority having jurisdiction where provided.
(2) 
Specific requirements.
(a) 
All fuel oil tanks shall be hidden from view.
(b) 
Supports or standards for fuel storage tanks are to be of a noncombustible material.
(3) 
Natural gas supply.
(a) 
The natural gas piping systems installed to the mobile home shall be maintained in conformity with accepted engineering practices.
(b) 
Each mobile home site provided with piped natural gas shall have an approved shutoff valve and cap to prevent accidental discharge of gas.
(4) 
Liquefied gas supply.
(a) 
Such system shall be provided with safety devices to relieve excessive pressures and shall be arranged so that the discharge terminates at a safe location.
(b) 
Systems shall have at least one accessible means of shutting off gas. This means shall be located outside of the mobile home.
(c) 
All liquid propane gas facilities shall be well supported and protected against mechanical injury and hidden from view.
J. 
Temporary or emergency permits.
(1) 
The Town Board may, in its discretion, waive certain requirements of this section and allow the installation of a mobile home under the following circumstances.
(a) 
Emergency. Should a principal residence be destroyed or be found unfit for occupancy due to causes beyond the control of the owner, such as fire, flood or other act of God.
(b) 
Temporary. Should the owner of a working farm require housing for a tenant employed by the owner, which housing is part of the consideration for such employment.
(2) 
Permits granted hereunder shall not exceed one year in duration and shall be subject to Subsection J(1) hereof, notwithstanding Subsection D(5) and Subsection F of this section.
A. 
Junkyards. Junkyards are permitted only in Industrial Districts, as provided in the regulations pertaining to the uses in the Industrial Districts.
B. 
Abandoned motor vehicles. Storage of one or more castoff, unusable or abandoned motor vehicles or parts thereof on the open grounds outside of enclosed structures or approved enclosures shall be regarded as use of the property for a dump or junkyard, if such storage extends for a period of time in excess of one month.
C. 
Other restrictions on storage of motor vehicles.
(1) 
Definitions. Definitions shall be as follows:
MOTOR VEHICLE
For purposes of this section, defined as so defined in the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York.
VIOLATOR
An owner or a person or corporation to whom exclusive possession of property has been demised by the owner, who violates or permits violation of the provisions of this section on property owned by him or over which he has the legal right to exclusive possession and control.
(2) 
Restrictions. Open storage of motor vehicles shall be permitted on any one parcel of private property shown on the tax map for the Town, consonant with the following restrictions:
(a) 
Licensed motor vehicles. Unrestricted open storage is permitted unless violative of one or more of the other provisions of this chapter or any other provision of this Code and done in such a manner as to not create a public nuisance.
(b) 
Operative but unlicensed motor vehicles, including specialty motor vehicles which are inoperative. Operative but unlicensed motor vehicles, including specialty motor vehicles which are inoperative, shall be permitted as follows: a maximum of one per tax map parcel in all residential districts, except R-5; one per every 15 dwelling units in R-5 Districts; two per tax map parcel in Residential Shopping Districts [1] ; three per tax map parcel in Residential Shopping Districts; three per tax map parcel in Regional Shopping Districts, Commercial Districts and Industrial Districts, except where an increase in the permitted number is approved by the Planning Board upon application by the owner of the property and the showing of special circumstances at a public hearing.
[1]
Editor's Note: As per original copy.
(c) 
Inoperative motor vehicles. In all zone classifications, except as otherwise specifically provided in this chapter, no open storage of inoperative vehicles is permitted. Open storage of one such motor vehicle may be permitted if approved by the Planning Board upon application by the owner of the property and upon the showing of special circumstances at a public hearing.
(3) 
General provisions.
(a) 
Upon failure to remove or cause to be removed a motor vehicle stored in violation of this section within seven days after receipt of notice of violation from the Codes Enforcement Officer, the violator shall be subject to the penalties and remedies hereinafter provided.
(b) 
All special permit applications approved by the Planning Board after a public hearing pursuant to the provisions of Subsection C(2) of this section, entitled "Restrictions," must be ratified by the Town Board before the Town Clerk shall be empowered to issue any such permit.
(c) 
No provisions of this subsection shall be construed to authorize activities or land use which would violate any other section of this chapter or any other provision of this Code.
Dumps of rubbish and other waste shall be permitted only on land designated as a "dump" or on the two "proposed dump areas" on the Zoning Map and on other land in the Industrial and Restricted Agricultural Districts upon such conditions as the Town Board may impose in the interest of public safety, health and welfare and after a special permit is issued pursuant to Article IV, § 155-27.
[Added 12-29-1999 by Ord. No. 6-1999 [1] ]
Adult uses shall be allowable in Commercial B or Industrial Districts upon review and site plan approval from the Planning Board, subject to the following:
A. 
Purposes and considerations.
(1) 
In the execution of this ordinance it is recognized that there are some uses which, due to their very nature, have serious objectionable characteristics. The objectionable characteristics of these uses are further heightened by their concentration in any one area, thereby having deleterious effects on adjacent areas. Special regulation of these uses is necessary to ensure that these adverse effects will not contribute to the blighting or downgrading of the surrounding neighborhoods or land uses.
(2) 
It is further declared that the location of these uses in regard to areas where our youth may regularly assemble and the general atmosphere encompassing their operation is of great concern to the Town of Manlius.
(3) 
These special regulations are itemized in this section to accomplish the primary purposes of preventing a concentration of these uses in any one area and restricting their accessibility to minors.
B. 
Definitions. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ADULT USES
Those uses which prohibit minors due to their age. Adult bookstores and video stores are included within this definition to the extent that a substantial or significant portion of their stock-in-trade consists of books, magazines, other periodicals, films, slides and videotapes, and which establishment is customarily not open to the public generally but excludes any minor by reason of age.
C. 
Location and regulation of adult uses.
(1) 
No adult use establishment may be located within a radius of 250 feet of any area zoned R-1, R-2, R-3, R-4, R-5, R-M, R-A, N-S, RSD and/or CA, or any property that is utilized for residential purposes.
(2) 
No adult use establishment may be located within a radius of 1,000 feet of any area where youth may regularly assemble, including, but not limited to, a school, nursery school, day-care facility, library, church or other place of religious worship, community center, park, playground, recreational area or field.
(3) 
No adult use establishment may be located within 250 feet of any other adult use establishment.
(4) 
The sale, serving or consumption of alcohol shall be prohibited within or from any adult use establishment.
(5) 
No adult use establishment shall be located within 250 feet of an establishment where alcohol is sold, served or consumed.
(6) 
No adult use establishment shall operate after 2:00 a.m.
(7) 
All distances set forth in this section shall be measured from property line to property line. All separation requirements shall be maintained from established uses, whether inside or outside Town of Manlius boundaries.
(8) 
No more than one of the adult uses as defined above shall be located on any lot.
(9) 
Any and all booths, cubicles, studios and rooms for the private viewing of adult motion pictures and/or live performances or areas shall be open to public view from the common area of the adult use establishment. There shall not be any doors, curtains, blinds or other structures or devices that shall impede observation of the entire area of such private viewing areas from the common area of the adult use establishment.
(10) 
Private viewing areas must be well lighted and readily accessible at all times and shall continually be open to view.
(11) 
Lighting throughout an adult use establishment shall be sufficient to illuminate every place to which patrons are permitted access.
(12) 
Exterior windows on adult use establishments may be opaque but not blackened or boarded.
(13) 
The exterior appearance of adult use establishments shall be regulated by the Planning Board during the site plan review process pursuant to § 155-28 of the Code of the Town of Manlius.
D. 
Waiver of restrictions. The restrictions enumerated herein may be waived by the Town Board if the applicant shows and the Board finds that the following conditions have been met:
(1) 
That the proposed use will not be contrary to the public interest or injurious to nearby properties and the spirit and intent of this section will be observed; and
(2) 
That the establishment of an additional use of the type in the area will not be contrary to any program of neighborhood conservation or improvement, either residential or nonresidential.
E. 
Amortization. By amortization, the right to maintain a legal nonconforming use shall terminate in accordance with the following schedule:
Amount of Capital Investment As
of the Effective Date of this Section
Date Before Which
Use Shall Terminate
0 to $5,000
January 1, 2001
$5,001 to $8,000
January 1, 2002
$8,001 to $15,000
January 1, 2003
$15,001 to $22,000
January 1, 2004
$22,001 or more
January 1, 2005
NOTE: The term "capital investment," as used above, is defined to mean the initial outlay by the owner or operator of the use to establish the business as of the date of the enactment of the section, exclusive of the fair market value of the structure in which the use is located.
[1]
Editor's Note: This ordinance also renumbered former §§ 155-24 through 155-52 as 155-24 through 155-53, respectively.
[Amended 5-22-2002 by Ord. No. 2002-5; 8-11-2010 by L.L. No. 1-2010]
A. 
Intent. No signs shall be permitted in any district except as specifically permitted herein as follows or in other sections of this chapter.
B. 
General. No signs shall be attached to fences, trees, utility poles, traffic signs, guide rails, or similar objects, nor placed in a public street or right-of-way, or in positions that will obstruct or impair vision or traffic, or in any manner create a hazard or disturbance to the health and welfare of the general public.
C. 
Signs allowed without a building permit. Signs in all districts. The following signs are permitted when located on the same plot or lot as the principal use of the advertiser without a building permit:
(1) 
One professional or home occupation sign, not exceeding two square feet, affixed to the building, after the granting of an accessory use permit.
(2) 
Signs identifying any nonresidential building or use permitted in residential districts, not exceeding a total of four square feet, provided that such signs are affixed to the building.
(3) 
Directional or information sign, not exceeding four square feet per face or four feet in height.
(4) 
Signs necessary for public safety or welfare, not exceeding four square feet per face, but this subsection shall not include commercial signs.
D. 
Signs requiring a building permit.
(1) 
Wall-mounted signs. Such sign shall be affixed to the building and shall not exceed 5% of the building facade or 100 square feet, whichever is less, shall not exceed the building height limitation for the district in which it is located and shall not exceed the highest point of the building's roof. Such signs may be allowed only upon the issuance of a building permit from the Department of Planning and Development.
(2) 
Freestanding signs. Such signs shall be reviewed and may be permitted by the Planning Board during the subdivision and/or site plan process, or such signs may be permitted by the Department of Planning and Development after the issuance of a building permit, subject to the following conditions:
(a) 
No freestanding sign shall be more than 16 square feet per face.
(b) 
No freestanding sign shall be higher than six feet from the existing or natural ground level directly beneath the proposed sign.
(c) 
All freestanding signs shall include the address number of the property.
(d) 
All freestanding signs shall fit with the existing character of the neighborhood and similarly situated signs. In determining whether a freestanding sign fits within the character of the neighborhood, the Planning Board or the Department of Planning and Development, as the case may be, shall review, but not be limited to, the following considerations:
[1] 
Color scheme;
[2] 
Lettering;
[3] 
Material;
[4] 
Design;
[5] 
Content in relation to business;
[6] 
Letter size;
[7] 
Logo size;
[8] 
Support posts or base;
[9] 
Lighting;
E. 
Computation of a permissible sign area. When computing the total permissible sign area for any use, the following shall apply:
(1) 
Existing signs shall be included.
(2) 
The total area of all signs shall not exceed the requirements as set forth in this chapter.
(3) 
Signs consisting of freestanding letters, numerals or other devices shall include any intervening spaces between them.
(4) 
Back-to-back signs may be counted as one sign with only the larger face area to be used.
(5) 
Only the larger face area of a double-faced or V-type sign shall be used.
F. 
Traffic hazard, safety and obstruction. Every sign shall be designed and located in such a manner as to:
(1) 
Not impair public safety.
(2) 
Not restrict clear vision between a sidewalk and a street.
(3) 
Not be confused with any traffic sign or signal.
(4) 
Not prevent free access to any door, window or fire escape.
G. 
Illuminating and flashing signs.
[Amended 3-9-2016 by L.L. No. 4-2016]
(1) 
Illumination of signs shall be allowed by a steady light, either internally or externally, provided that such lighting will not illuminate or reflect onto adjacent or other properties.
(2) 
Flashing, fading, oscillating and revolving signs shall not be permitted unless necessary for public safety or welfare.
(3) 
Light emitting diode (LED) display signs, or signs similar in technology as determined by the Code Enforcement Officer, that scroll, move, display animation, or change pictures or script shall be prohibited in the Town of Manlius.
H. 
Maintenance of signs.
(1) 
Every sign shall at all times be kept in good appearance and shall be maintained in a safe and structurally sound condition. Signs that do not comply with adequate safety standards or pose a traffic concern shall be removed at the property owner's expense.
(2) 
Signs must be regularly maintained including replacement of worn parts, painting and cleaning, and all lights shall be operating or turned off.
I. 
Sign face changes. Sign face changes such as new face, wording, colors and dimensions shall be allowed upon the issuance of a building permit from the Department of Planning and Development in compliance with this section; minor changes such as new or additional professional employee names or telephone numbers do no require a permit.
J. 
Existing legal nonconforming signs.
(1) 
Signs existing before the adoption or amendments of this sign ordinance that are not in compliance with this section may continue to exist for as long as the current business remains in business and the signs are maintained in good condition, as determined by the Department of Planning and Development.
(2) 
If any changes are made to an existing legal nonconforming sign, the new or changed sign will be allowed upon the issuance of a building permit from the Department of Planning and Development in compliance with this section.
K. 
Abandoned signs. If a business or sign is abandoned for more than a six-month period it shall be removed and any new sign must comply with this section. Abandonment shall be determined by the Department of Planning and Development, in its discretion.
L. 
The Code Enforcement Officer shall be vested with the authority to issue sign permits for signs which comply with this section, and to supervise the erection, installation, application, alteration, and shall have the authority to remove or to have removed any sign, whether permanent or temporary, that does not comply with this chapter.
[Added 10-14-1992 by Ord. No. 8-1992; amended 8-11-2010 by L.L. No. 1-2010]
A. 
Intent. All signs of a temporary nature, such as commercial and residential real estate signs, political signs, portable A-frame signs, roadside stand signs, garage sale signs, not-for-profit signs, residential contractor signs, and other similar signs shall be considered temporary signs and shall be allowed only in compliance with this chapter. All other signs shall be considered permanent signs requiring Planning Board approval and/or a building permit from the Department of Planning and Development, as set forth in § 155-25, or shall be prohibited. No temporary sign shall be permitted which would otherwise be prohibited.
B. 
General. No signs shall be attached to fences, trees, utility poles, traffic signs, guide rails, or similar objects, nor placed in a public street or right of way, or in positions that will obstruct or impair vision or traffic, or in any manner to create a hazard or disturbance to the health and welfare of the general public.
C. 
Commercial real estate signs.
(1) 
Commercial "For Sale" or "For Rent/Lease" sign. Only one for sale or for rent/lease commercial real estate sign per street frontage not exceeding 16 square feet per face or six feet in height, either freestanding or attached to the building, shall be allowed on the premises. If a freestanding sign, only in-ground posts are allowed. Floating wood footers are not allowed. If the lot is a corner lot, two signs shall be allowed only if over 200 feet of street frontage is available on both streets. Such sign(s) shall be removed within seven days after completion of a sale or rent/lease contract. No such sign shall be allowed in any public right-of-way.
(2) 
Contractor/developer sign. Only one contractor/developer sign per commercial property, describing the project and contractor/developer and participants for the project, not exceeding 16 square feet per face or six feet in height, either freestanding or attached to the building. If a freestanding sign, only in-ground posts are allowed. Floating wood footers are not allowed. Such sign shall be removed upon the issuance of a certificate of occupancy or a certificate of compliance or at the request of the Town upon reasonable grounds for such request. No such sign shall be allowed in any public right-of-way.
(3) 
Any commercial real estate sign or contractor/developer sign shall accurately reflect the permitted uses allowed on the site under the current Town of Manlius Zoning Code.
(4) 
Annual Permit. The commercial real estate representative/developer shall be required to register with the Town Clerk and obtain an annual permit on a form supplied by the Town.
(5) 
Note: The requirement of this subsection also applies to a residential subdivision.
D. 
Residential real estate signs.
(1) 
Residential "For Sale" or "For Rent/Lease" sign. Only one for sale or for rent/lease residential real estate sign per street frontage not exceeding four square feet per face or four feet in height shall be allowed. Any such sign shall be located on the lot for sale or rent/lease, and shall be removed within seven days after the completion of a sale or rent/lease contract.
(2) 
Residential "Open House" sign. A maximum of three signs per open house, including directional signs, are allowed only during the hours of the open house and shall be removed immediately after the open house. No sign shall exceed four square feet per face or four feet in height. Such signs may be located on any property with prior permission of the owner or tenant.
E. 
(Reserved)[1]
[1]
Editor’s Note: Former Subsection E, Political signs, was repealed 9-11-2013 by L.L. No. 2-2013.
F. 
Portable (A-frame) signs. Each business entity in a Commercial A, Commercial B, or Neighborhood Shopping zoning district shall be entitled to display one portable (A-frame) sign for a special event at their place of business, subject to the following conditions:
(1) 
No sign shall exceed six square feet per face or four feet in height.
(2) 
The sign shall be displayed only during the hours of operation of the business.
(3) 
The sign shall be displayed no more than seven days before the event, and shall be removed immediately after the event.
G. 
Roadside stand signs.
(1) 
Only one sign not to exceed six square feet per face or four feet in height advertising for-sale goods produced on the owner's land, such as wood, produce, livestock, plant materials or Christmas trees.
(2) 
Such sign will be permitted on a temporary or seasonal basis only.
(3) 
Such sign shall be located on the owner's land and shall be erected no more than 14 days before, and shall be removed no later than seven days after, the activity has taken place or the goods are no longer available.
H. 
Garage sale signs.
(1) 
Only one sign not to exceed four square feet per face or four feet in height advertising household goods for sale on the premises of the garage sale.
(2) 
Homeowners'-association-sponsored neighborhood garage sale: only one sign not to exceed 16 square feet per face or four feet in height located at the main entrance to the development.
(3) 
Such sign(s) shall be erected no more than seven days before the garage sale, and shall be removed immediately after the garage sale.
(4) 
On the day of the garage sale, a maximum of three signs, including directional, are allowed only during the hours of the garage sale and shall be removed immediately after the garage sale. No sign shall exceed four square feet per face or four feet in height. Such signs may be located on any property with prior permission of the owner or tenant.
I. 
Not-for-profit signs. Signs advertising events or activities of not-for-profit entities are allowed, subject to the following conditions:
(1) 
Such signs may be located on any property with prior permission of the owner or tenant.
(2) 
No sign may be erected in a public street or right-of-way, or placed in such a fashion that would be hazardous to traffic or public safety.
(3) 
No sign shall exceed four square feet per face or four feet in height.
(4) 
No sign may be erected more than 30 days prior to the event, and shall be removed immediately after the event.
J. 
Residential contractor signs. Only one sign advertising active construction, renovation, landscaping or similar activities at a specific residential location are allowed at any residential location, subject to the following conditions:
(1) 
No sign shall exceed four square feet per face or four feet in height.
(2) 
Such sign shall be located on the premises and shall be erected with the start of the project, and shall be removed no later than seven days after the project is complete.
K. 
The Code Enforcement Officer shall be vested with the authority to issue sign permits for signs which comply with this section, and to supervise the erection, installation, application, alteration, and shall have the authority to remove or have removed any sign, whether permanent or temporary, that is not in compliance with this section.
[Amended 6-23-1993 by Ord. No. 5-1993; 12-13-2000 by Ord. No. 5-2000; 8-13-2014 by L.L. No. 2-2014]
A. 
Legislative findings, intent and purpose.
(1) 
Special use permits are intended to allow for certain uses which are considered on their individual merits and circumstances and which may be permitted in the applicable zoning district, provided that such uses do not adversely affect the neighborhood including its character, the natural environment, and the rural, scenic and historic character. Such special uses are permitted only upon issuance of a special use permit by the Town Board upon referral by the Planning Board and only after an evaluation is made of the compatibility of the proposed use with surrounding uses, the suitability of the use to the site, and whether it is in harmony with the Town of Manlius Zoning Code, and as applicable the Onondaga County Development Guide ("County Plan").
(2) 
All special permit uses cited in the "District Regulations," in Article III of this Zoning Code, shall be subject to review and approval by the Town Board in accordance with § 274-b of the Town Law and the general objectives, requirements and procedures included herein. In all cases where this Zoning Code requires such special use permit authorization, no building permit or certificate of occupancy shall be issued by the Code Enforcement Officer except upon authorization of and in full conformity with plans approved and requirements or modifications imposed by the Town Board. In accordance with the "District Regulations," most uses requiring the issuance of a special use permit are additionally subject to site plan review and approval, as described in § 155-28 of this Zoning Code.
(3) 
Accessory uses or structures used in connection with a special use permit shall be subject to the same approval requirements as the principal structure or use. In authorizing any special use permit, the Town Board shall take into consideration the public health, safety, and general welfare, and the comfort and convenience of the public in general, and pursuant to its reasonable exercise of the police powers of the Town under the Home Rule provisions of New York Constitution, Article IX, § 2, may impose conditions and restrictions on the operations of such uses within the district. The intent of the regulations is to ensure that the development and use of individual parcels is in harmony with the Zoning Code and special use permit requirements will not have an adverse effect on adjacent lands, the immediate neighborhood, or on the character of the community. Such regulations are designed to:
(a) 
Protect the community from traffic congestion and conflicts, flooding, and excessive soil erosion, unnecessary noise, lighting and odors, wasteful energy use and other forms of pollution;
(b) 
Protect the community from inappropriate design and other matters of scenic and aesthetic significance;
(c) 
Ensure that the proposed use will be in harmony with the appropriate and orderly development of the district in which it is proposed;
(d) 
That its impacts can be mitigated by compliance with reasonable conditions; and
(e) 
Ensure that new development conforms with the Town's planning goals and objectives. This shall specifically include the right and authority to condition and restrict operations reasonably as a proper exercise of the Town Board's police powers (and not necessarily its zoning authority) for the preservation of health, safety and welfare of its residents and provided same is reasonably related to a legitimate government purpose.
(4) 
The Town Board may require modifications to development proposals, submission of alternative design and layout proposals, and may attach reasonable conditions and safeguards to eliminate or minimize potential impacts as a precondition of its approval of a special use permit.
B. 
Special use permit application procedures.
(1) 
Application and fee. All special use permit applications are made to the Town Clerk in writing, on forms, and in accordance with the review procedures prescribed by this section of the Zoning Law. In order to be considered complete, a special use permit application shall be accompanied by the following:
(a) 
A preliminary site plan which demonstrates the overall site layout and building locations, parking areas, access and egress locations, setbacks and buffer areas, lighting, landscaping, stormwater management, signage, natural and cultural resource information as required herein, and the location and extent of existing development on adjacent parcels.
(b) 
Preliminary building plans and elevations illustrating existing and/or proposed building construction and alteration, including an indication of exterior materials, textures and colors.
(c) 
Payment or deposit of all applicable fees and costs in accordance with the Town Code and fee schedule.
(d) 
Either a short or full environmental assessment form (EAF), as required by SEQR, Article 8 of the New York State Environmental Conservation Law and Title 6 Part 617 NYCRR. All applications made for lands within or contiguous to any building, structure or site listed or eligible for same individually on the State or National Register of Historic Places shall require the submission of a full EAF.
(e) 
Certification by the applicant, in writing and on forms provided by the Town of Manlius, that the information provided is "true and accurate to the best of my knowledge."
(f) 
Affidavit sworn by the applicant, on forms provided by the Town Manlius, attesting that no state officer, or any officer or employee of the County of Onondaga or Town of Manlius has any interest in the person, partnership or association owning the premises subject thereof or making the application, and no other violation of (New York) Municipal Law § 809 shall result from such application.
(g) 
Execution by applicant of payment agreement, on forms provided by the Town of Manlius, agreeing to bear all cost and expense for such administrative, legal, engineering, architect and other professional and consulting assistance to the Town incidental to the application, and including that expense incurred by the Town for Town employees and officers performing reasonable and necessary work on behalf of the Town incident to the application.
(h) 
Any other information deemed necessary by the Town Board to explain the nature of the proposed use, its potential environmental impacts under SEQR, and its consistency with the standards established by this Zoning Code for special use permits.
(2) 
Public notice and hearing. The Town Board shall, within 62 calendar days of the receipt of the complete application from the Planning Board, conduct a public hearing on any such special permit application. The Town Board, by resolution at a stated meeting, shall fix the place, date, and time of the public hearing. The Town Board shall provide a copy of this notice of said hearing to the applicant, and at which hearing, he or she shall appear in person or by agent. The Town Board shall additionally provide notification as follows. All notices and mailings shall be the responsibility of the applicant, shall be paid for by the applicant, shall be sent and confirmed by the applicant using certified mail, registered mail, delivery confirmation, signature confirmation, or certificate of mailing, and shall be certified to the Town Board that compliance has timely occurred. Such notices and mailings shall be as follows:
(a) 
By publishing at least five calendar days prior to the date thereof a legal notice in a newspaper of general circulation in the Town,
(b) 
Posting. Notice shall be posted at least five days prior to the date of the hearing as follows:
[1] 
On the bulletin board of the Town Hall; and
[2] 
On the Town of Manlius website.
(c) 
By requiring notice of the public hearing and data regarding the substance and location of the special use permit application to the owners of all property abutting that held by the applicant and all other owners within 500 feet of the exterior boundaries of the land involved in such application or such additional distance as the Town Board may deem advisable, or as otherwise required by state law. Notice shall be mailed via regular (first-class) mail at least 10 calendar days prior to the hearing, with compliance with the notification procedure certified to by the Town Clerk. The foregoing notwithstanding, the failure to have notified a certain party or parties in error shall not affect the legality of the proceeding provided a good faith effort has been made and this mailing requirement substantially complied with.
(d) 
By providing notice of the public hearing and data regarding the substance and location of the special use permit application to all involved agencies under SEQR at least 10 calendar days prior to the hearing.
(e) 
If the land involved lies within 500 feet of a farm operation located in a New York State Agricultural District, such owners shall be sent at least 10 calendar days prior to the public hearing an agricultural data statement on forms supplied by the Town of Manlius and prepared by the applicant.
(f) 
If the land involved in the application lies within 500 feet of the boundary of any other municipality, the applicant shall also mail at least 10 calendar days prior to the public hearing to the municipal clerk of such other municipality or municipalities a copy of the notice of the substance of every application, together with a copy of the official notice of such public hearing.
(g) 
The names and addresses of owners notified shall be taken as such appear on the last completed tax roll of the Town.
(h) 
Provided that there has been substantial compliance with these provisions, the failure to give notice in exact conformance herewith shall not be deemed to invalidate an action taken by the Town Board in connection with granting or denying a special use permit application.
(3) 
Agency and consultant review. In its review, the Town Board may consult with the Town Code Enforcement Officer, the Superintendent of Highways, the Town Historian, other local and county officials and its designated private planning and engineering consultants, in addition to representatives of county, state and federal agencies, including but not limited to the Onondaga County Departments of Health, Public Works, Planning and Development, the New York State Departments of Transportation, Health, Agriculture and Markets, Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation, Secretary of State, and Environmental Conservation, and the United States Army Corps of Engineers, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, and United States Department of Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation Service.
(4) 
Required referrals:
(a) 
All applications for special use permits shall first be referred to the Town Planning Board, and such Board shall review the application to assure that the requirements of this § 155-27 have been completed, and after such review, the Planning Board shall forward its recommendations in a written report to the Town Board. The Planning Board, in its discretion, may refer the application to the Town Environmental Council for comments and a report before making its recommendations to the Town Board.
(b) 
A full statement of any special use permit application, including all applicable SEQR documentation, that meets the referral requirements of §§ 239(1) and 239(m) of the General Municipal Law shall be referred prior to the public hearing to the Onondaga County Planning Board for its review. No action shall be taken by the Town Board on such application until an advisory recommendation has been received from said county Planning Board or 30 calendar days have elapsed since the Onondaga County Planning Board received such full statement. In the event that the Onondaga County Planning Board recommends disapproval of the proposal or recommends modification thereof within such time period or at a later date prior to final action by the Town Board, the Town Board shall not act contrary to such disapproval or recommendation except by a vote of a majority plus one of all the members after the adoption of a resolution fully setting forth the reasons for such contrary action. Within 30 calendar days after such final action, the Town Board shall file a report of the final action it has taken with the Onondaga County Planning Board.
(5) 
Waiver of Requirements. The Town Board may waive any specific requirements set forth in this § 155-27 for the approval of a special use permit. The grant of any such waiver shall be accompanied by a written finding that compliance with the requirements is either not requisite in the interest of the public health, safety and general welfare or inappropriate to the particular special permit use. The Town Board may, in granting waivers, incorporate such reasonable conditions as will, in its judgment, substantially secure the objectives of the requirements so waived. No waiver or modification may be deemed approved or granted by implication. All waivers and modifications must be expressly set forth in the findings of the Town Board.
(6) 
Area variances. Where a proposed special use permit contains one or more features which do not comply with the special use permit regulations, application may be made to the Zoning Board of Appeals for an area variance pursuant to § 155-48 of the Zoning Code, without the necessity of a decision or determination of the Codes Enforcement Officer.
(7) 
Decisions. Every decision of the Town Board with respect to a special use permit application shall be made by resolution within 62 calendar days of the close of the public hearing, which resolution shall clearly state the decision, including findings, and any modifications attached thereto. The time within which the Town Board shall render its decision may be extended by mutual consent of the applicant and the Board. Each such decision shall be filed in the Office of the Town Clerk within five business days after such decision is rendered and a copy thereof shall also be mailed to the applicant. No time periods for decision-making in this subsection shall begin to run until the lead agency has either accepted a draft environmental impact statement as complete or adopted a negative declaration under SEQR.
(8) 
Reimbursable costs. Reimbursable costs incurred by the Town Board for professional consultation fees or other extraordinary expense in connection with the review of a special use permit application shall be charged to the applicant in accordance with Chapter 96 of the Town of Manlius Code. Maximum amounts for such reimbursable costs by project type and size shall be in accordance with the fee schedule established by the Town Board. Such reimbursable costs shall be in addition to any fees required herein under the Town Code.
(9) 
Effect of special use permit approval.
(a) 
In addition to compliance with all other applicable sections of this Zoning Code, and all other local, county and state laws, rules and regulations, no building permit shall be issued for any structure regulated by this section until such special use permit has received Town Board approval and a copy of a resolution to that effect has been presented to the Code Enforcement Officer.
(b) 
No certificate of occupancy shall be issued for any structure or use of land covered by this section until the structure is completed or the land developed in strict accordance with the Town Board resolution of special permit approval and other applicable requirements of this Zoning Law.
(c) 
Any use for which a special permit may be granted shall be deemed a conforming use in the district in which it is located, provided that such permit shall be deemed to affect only the lot or portion thereof for which such permit has been granted.
(d) 
The Town Board may require in its resolution of approval that a special use permit shall be effective only for a specific duration and upon expiration must be renewed. Such renewal may be withheld only after public hearing and upon specific determination by the Town Board that such conditions as may have been prescribed in conjunction with the issuance of the original permit have not been, or are no longer being, complied with. If the Code Enforcement Officer finds a violation of the special use permit, he or she may refer the application to the courts or to the Town Board for further proceedings. In such cases, a period of 60 calendar days shall be granted for full compliance by the applicant prior to revocation of the special use permit.
(e) 
A special use permit shall expire if the use or uses cease for more than two years for any reason, if the applicant fails to comply with the conditions of the special use permit, or if the time limit imposed on certain Special Uses expires without renewal.
(f) 
The granting of a special use permit in a flood zone shall not be held to constitute a representation, guarantee or warranty of any kind by the Town of Manlius or by any official or employee thereof, or consultant thereto, regarding the practicability or safety of any structure or use or the proper functioning of the proposed facilities and plans and shall not be held to create a liability upon, or cause of action against, such public body, official or employee for any damage that may result pursuant to such development or use.
(10) 
Expiration of special use permit. A special use permit shall be deemed to authorize only the particular use or uses expressly specified in the permit and shall expire if the special use permit activity is not commenced and diligently pursued within six calendar months of the date of issuance of the special use permit. Upon prior written request to the Town Board, the time period for initiation of the special permit use may be extended for a maximum period of one calendar year from its otherwise specified termination date. The Town Board may hold a public hearing prior to granting any extensions.
(11) 
Revocation of special use permit. In all instances, a special use permit may be revoked by the Town Board, after public hearing, if it is found and determined that there has been a substantial failure to comply with any of the terms, conditions, limitations and requirements imposed by said permit.
(12) 
Amendments to special use permits. The terms and conditions of any special use permit may be amended in the same manner as required for issuance of a special permit, following the criteria and procedures of this subsection.
(13) 
Integration of procedures. Whenever a particular application requires both the consideration of a special use permit and site plan review and approval by the Planning Board, the Town Board shall integrate, to the extent practicable and consistent with applicable law, special use permit review, as required by this section, with the site plan review and approval process; however, with the Planning Board retaining jurisdiction over the site plan review. Such integration of procedures may require, upon mutual written consent of the Planning Board and applicant reasonable modification of the time schedules otherwise stated in this section, as related to site plan review and approval.
(14) 
Relief from decisions. Any person or persons jointly or severally aggrieved by any decision of the Planning Board on a special use permit application may apply to the Supreme Court of the State of New York for relief through a proceeding under Article 78 of the Civil Practice Laws and Regulations of the State of New York. Such proceeding shall be governed by the specific provisions of Article 78, except that the action must be initiated as therein provided within 30 calendar days after the filing of the Board's decision in the Office of the Town Clerk.
C. 
General standards. The Town Board shall carefully review the specific requirements set forth in this § 155-27 for the special permit uses, any applicable supplementary regulations enumerated in the Zoning Code, and the following general standards for any use requiring special use permit authorization by the Town Board:
(1) 
The location and size of the use, the nature and intensity of the operations involved, the size of the site in relation to the use, and the location of the site with respect to existing and future streets and roads providing access shall be in harmony with the orderly development of the district.
(2) 
The location, nature and height of the buildings, walls and fences and the nature and intensity of the intended operations will not discourage the appropriate development and use of adjacent land and buildings nor impair the value thereof.
(3) 
All proposed traffic access ways shall be adequate but not excessive in number, adequate in width, grade, alignment and visibility, be sufficiently separated from street intersections and places of public assembly, and meet similar safety considerations.
(4) 
Adequate provision for safe and accessible off-street parking and loading spaces shall be provided to avoid parking in public streets of vehicles or persons connected with or visiting the use. With the exception of single-family detached dwellings, shared parking is encouraged where the peak parking demands of different uses occur at various times of the day. Use of a widely accepted means of projecting demand for shared use, such as the Urban Land Institute's Shared Parking Report, shall be employed to demonstrate shared parking effects.
(5) 
All parking, service and other areas on site intended for uses or operations not typical of residential uses or activities shall be buffered or screened from the view of adjacent residential lots and streets or roadways and the general landscaping of the site shall be in character with that generally prevailing for residential uses in the neighborhood. Such landscaping shall include the preservation of existing trees to the maximum extent practicable. Roadside plantings shall be in accordance with any established design standards.
(6) 
All proposed buildings, structures, equipment and/or material shall be readily accessible for fire, emergency services and police protection.
(7) 
The character and appearance of the proposed use, buildings, structures, lighting, and/or outdoor signs shall be in general harmony with the character and aesthetic appearance of the surrounding neighborhood and consistent with the purpose and intent of the zoning district as described in the applicable Zoning Code provisions. These shall not be more objectionable to nearby properties by reason of noise, fumes, vibration or light than would the operations of any permitted principal use. In addition, they shall not adversely affect the general welfare of the inhabitants of the Town of Manlius.
(8) 
Except for preexisting nonconforming lots of record, the use shall meet the prescribed area and bulk requirements for the district in which it is located and as further specified in the supplementary regulations, including but not limited to setbacks, maximum height, environmental and open space standards, required off-street parking, lighting, noise, and sign regulations.
(9) 
The level of municipal and other services required to support the proposed activity or use is, or will be, available to meet the needs of the proposed activity or use. This consideration shall include the suitability of water supply and sanitary sewage facilities to accommodate the intended use, and protection from pollution of surface or groundwater.
(10) 
The proposed use shall not have an unmitigated significant adverse environmental impact as defined by the New York State Environmental Quality Review Act (SEQR). Such determination shall be made by the Town Board or other designated lead agency.
(11) 
The use shall be designed and shall be carried out in a manner that protects any relevant neighborhood character, historic and natural environmental features on the site under review and in adjacent areas.
(12) 
The use shall be consistent with any available and relevant studies and history, and other evidence of the municipality's land use practices and policies.
(13) 
The Town Board as a legislative body may apply any other standards to their review of the proposed use as they may see fit in order to impose additional conditions and safeguards to the special use permit as are directly related to and incidental to the proposed special use permit and which may be necessary to assure continual conformance to all applicable standards and requirements, including reasonable assurances that such conditions and safeguards can be responsibly monitored and enforced. The Town Board's authority shall specifically include the right to condition and restrict operations reasonably as a proper exercise of the Town Board's police powers (and not necessarily its zoning authority) for the preservation of health, safety and welfare of Town residents and provided same is reasonably related to a legitimate government purpose.
D. 
Additional specific standards for certain uses. In addition to the general standards stated above and the site plan review considerations stated in § 155-27C of this Zoning Code, any specific requirements for the particular special use permits cited in this chapter shall be considered by the Town Board in its review. Special permit uses that do not have additional specific requirements shall be reviewed using the general objectives stated hereinbefore and, acknowledging that Planning Board site plan review shall also be required, with consideration to the site plan review standards set forth at § 155-27C.
E. 
Severability. If any clause, sentence, paragraph, subdivision, section or part of this section or the application thereof to any person, individual, corporation, firm, partnership, entity or circumstances is adjudged invalid, illegal or unconstitutional by any court of competent jurisdiction, such order or judgment shall be confined in its operation to the clause, sentence, paragraph, subdivision, section or part of this section or in its application directly involved in the controversy in which such judgment shall have been rendered and shall not affect or impair the validity of the remainder of this section or the application thereof to other persons or circumstances. Further, in adjudging such invalid, illegal or unconstitutional provision, the court shall attempt to modify same to a provision which is not invalid, illegal or unconstitutional and which best achieves the intent of the invalid provision.
[Added 6-11-2008 by L.L. No. 2-2008]
A. 
Intent and purpose.
(1) 
The Town of Manlius through these regulations seeks to promote the safe, effective and efficient use of small wind energy systems installed to reduce the on-site consumption of utility-supplied electricity. The Town of Manlius recognizes that wind energy is an abundant, renewable, nonpolluting energy resource and that its conversion to electricity will reduce our dependence on nonrenewable energy resources and decrease the air and water pollution that results from the use of conventional energy sources. It is therefore the intent and purpose of these regulations to balance the encouragement of this renewable resource with any impacts such use may have on health, welfare and safety to the community and preserving and protecting the aesthetic qualities of the Town of Manlius.
(2) 
These regulations relate to small or on-site-use wind energy systems and do not address large-scale wind turbines or wind farms which are typically intended to sell energy directly to power companies or retail users. Wind farms shall be allowed only in the Industrial District, as set forth in § 155-17 of the Town of Manlius Code, and only on individual parcels of land exceeding 50 acres. No more than one such wind energy conversion system for a wind farm shall be allowed per five acres. No such wind farm shall be allowed except upon the issuance of a special use permit by the Town Board, pursuant to § 155-27 of the Town Code and upon site plan approval by the Planning Board pursuant to § 155-28 of the Town Code.
B. 
Permits required. Towers for on-site-use wind energy deriving purposes shall only be allowed in the R-A District. Only one such tower shall be allowed on any individual parcel of land, which parcel shall be at least 100,000 square feet in area and have a road frontage of at least 200 feet. No person, firm or corporation, or other entity being the owner or occupant of any land or premises within the Town of Manlius shall use or permit the use of land or premises for the construction of a tower for on-site-use wind energy deriving purposes without obtaining a special use permit issued by the Town Board and a site plan approval issued by the Planning Board as hereinafter provided.
C. 
Special use permit. In addition to the criteria established pursuant to § 155-27, the following criteria are hereby established for purposes of granting a special permit for an on-site use wind energy conversion system under this chapter:
(1) 
Noninterference. Individual on-site-use wind energy conversion systems shall not be installed in any location along the major axis of an existing microwave communications operation where their operation is likely to produce an electromagnetic interference in the link's operation.
(2) 
Proximity to radio, television and telephone systems. Individual on-site-use wind energy conversion systems shall not be installed in any location where their proximity interferes with existing fixed broadcast, retransmission, or reception antennae for radio, television or wireless phone.
(3) 
Scenic viewsheds. Individual tower facilities for on-site-use wind energy conversion systems shall not be installed in any location that would substantially detract from or block the view(s) of all or a portion of a recognized scenic viewshed, as viewed from any public road, right-of-way or publicly owned land within the Town of Manlius or that extends beyond the border of the Town of Manlius. For purposes of this section, consideration shall be given to any relevant portions of the current, amended and/or future officially recognized Town planning document or resource.
(4) 
Noise limitations. The level of noise produced during wind turbine operation shall not exceed 50 dba beyond the present ambient sound levels at preconstruction levels, as measured at the boundaries of the closest parcels that are owned by non-site owners and that abut either the site parcels or any other parcels adjacent to the site held in common by the owner of the site parcel, as those boundaries exist at the time of the special use permit application. The applicant will be required to submit technical data to the satisfaction of the Town Board as to this requirement. This obligation shall be a continuing obligation with exceptions only for short-term events, such as utility outages and severe windstorms.
(5) 
Height. It is recognized that wind turbines require greater heights to reach elevations with wind currents reasonably adequate to generate energy. On-site-use wind energy conversion systems shall not exceed a total height of 80 feet for single-family residential applications (< 15 kW at 25 mph) and shall not exceed a total height of 150 feet for nonresidential applications (i.e., farm, small business, etc., < 125 kW at 25 mph) from the ground to the top of the highest point of blade height (tip) as extended at its highest vertical point, provided that the application includes specific evidence that the proposed total height does not exceed the height recommended by the manufacturer or distributor of the on-site-use wind energy conversion system.
(6) 
FAA requirements. If the proposed site is near an airport, seaplane base, or established flight zone, such wind energy conversion system must meet all Federal Aviation Administration requirements.
(7) 
Ground clearance. The minimum distance between the ground and any part of the rotor blade must be 30 feet.
(8) 
Emergency shutdown/safety. The applicant shall post an emergency telephone number so that the appropriate entities may be contacted should any wind turbine need immediate repair or attention. This telephone number should be clearly visible on a permanent structure or post located outside of the fall zone of the tower. Location should be convenient and readily noticeable to someone likely to detect a problem. Further, no wind turbine shall be permitted which lacks automatic braking, governing or feathering system to prevent uncontrolled rotation, over-speeding, and excessive pressure on the tower structure, rotor blades, and turbine components or enclosed shelter.
(9) 
Lightning protection. All energy towers shall have lightning protection.
(10) 
Ownership. Ownership of the wind energy conversion system must be the same as the owner of the fee interest in the real property upon which it is situated. In the event of transfer of ownership of the premises, the ownership of the wind energy conversion system must also be transferred to same or the tower must be decommissioned and removed.
(11) 
Utility service. All power lines from the wind turbines to on-site interconnection equipment shall be located underground and installed by certified professionals and must meet all applicable national, state and local electrical codes.
(12) 
Lighting. No on-site-use wind energy conversion systems under this provision shall be artificially lighted, unless so required by the FAA. Use of nighttime, and overcast daytime conditions, stroboscopic lighting to satisfy tower facility lighting requirements for the Federal Aviation Administration may be subject to on-site field testing before the Town Board as a prerequisite to the Board's approval, with specific respect to existing residential uses within 2,000 feet of each tower for which such strobe lighting is proposed.
(13) 
Access road. To the greatest extent possible, existing roadways shall be used for access to the site and its improvements. In the case of constructing any roadways necessary to access the wind energy conversion systems, they shall be constructed in a way that allows for the passage of emergency vehicles in the event of an emergency. Each application shall be accompanied by correspondence from the responding fire department and emergency care provider as to the acceptability of the proposed ingress and egress to the tower.
(14) 
Security/anti-climb device. The design of each device shall not allow for climbing by the public for a minimum height of 15 feet from the ground.
(15) 
Decommissioning. The applicant shall submit to the Town Board (with a copy to the Planning Board) a letter of intent committing the owner, and his or her successors-in-interest, to notify the Building Inspector within 30 days of the discontinuance of the use of the on-site-use wind energy conversion system. This letter of intent shall be filed with the Director of Planning and Development prior to the issuance of a building permit. The owner shall remove the obsolete or unused wind turbines and accessory structures within one year of such notification. Failure to notify and/or remove the obsolete or unused tower in accordance with these regulations shall be a violation of this section and the cost of removing the on-site-use wind energy deriving tower and accessory structures shall be placed as a lien on the property owner's tax bill. In addition, a reclamation bond in the amount of $100,000 shall be filed with the Town Clerk to cover the costs of reclamation of the tower. In addition, should the wind energy conversion system be nonoperational for any continuous six-month period, the approvals granted shall be deemed void and the Wind Energy Conversion System shall be decommissioned subject to a new approval under this section. Such bond shall be in place prior to the issuance of a building permit.
(16) 
Setbacks. Wind energy conversion systems shall comply with all setbacks within the affected zone. However, in addition, all on-site-use wind energy conversion systems shall be set back a distance equal to the height of the tower plus blade length plus an additional 25 feet from all property lines, public roads, power lines and preexisting and future structures. Additional setbacks may be required by the reviewing Board in order to provide for the public's safety, health and welfare, including the possibility of ice thrown from the blades.
(17) 
Public hearing. No action shall be taken by the Town Board to issue a special use permit or by the Planning Board to issue site plan approval, nor the Zoning Board of Appeals to grant an area variance in relation to an application for an on-site-use wind energy conversion system until after public notice and public hearing. Proper notice of a hearing before a Board shall be given by legal notice published in the official newspaper of the Town of Manlius at least five days before the date set for such public hearing(s) and written notice mailed to the applicant or his agent at the address given in the application to be considered. The applicant shall be responsible for notifying, by certified mail, all property owners of record within 500 feet of the outside perimeter of the boundary line of the property involved in the application of the time, date and place of such public hearing by mail at least 10 days prior to such hearing. Notice shall be deemed to have been given if mailed to the property owner at the tax billing address listed on the property tax records of the Town Assessor or at the property address. At least seven days prior to such hearing, the applicant shall file with the Board his/her affidavit verifying the mailing of such notices. Failure of the property owners to receive such notice shall not be deemed a jurisdictional defect.
(18) 
Waiver. The Town Board may, upon exercise of its reasonable discretion, waive one or more of the submission requirements imposed herein. Relief from all other requirements must be made by way of area or use variance from the Zoning Board of Appeals.
D. 
Site plan review. The Planning Board shall review the site plan for any application for on-site-use wind conversion system, pursuant to § 155-28 of the Code. The following submission requirements must be observed regarding a site plan application.
(1) 
Completed application form as supplied by the Town of Manlius for site plan approval for an on-site-use wind energy conversion system.
(2) 
Proof of ownership of the premises involved or proof that the applicant has written permission of the owner to make such application.
(3) 
A plot plan and development plan drawn in sufficient detail, as prepared by a licensed engineer or surveyor, clearly describing:
(a) 
Property lines and physical dimensions of the proposed site, including contours at five-foot intervals;
(b) 
Location, approximate dimensions and types of all existing structures and uses on the site;
(c) 
Location and elevation of the proposed on-site-use wind energy conversion system;
(d) 
Location of all existing aboveground utility lines and other on-site-use wind energy conversion systems within 1,200 linear feet of the site;
(e) 
Location and size of structures or trees above 35 feet within a five-hundred-foot radius of the proposed on-site-use wind energy conversion system;
(f) 
Where applicable, the location of all transmission facilities proposed for installation;
(g) 
Location of all roads and other service structures proposed as part of the installation;
(h) 
Landscape plan showing all existing natural land features, trees, forest cover and all proposed changes to these features, including size and type of plant material;
(i) 
Soil type at construction site.
(4) 
Rear yard placement. All towers shall be located and placed in rear yards.
(5) 
Color. Neutral paint colors (grays) may be required to achieve visual harmony with the surrounding area.
(6) 
Applications shall demonstrate that there will be no adverse impact on migratory bird patterns.
(7) 
In no event shall more than one on-site wind energy conversion system be granted for a residential lot, unless a variance is obtained from the Zoning Board of Appeals.
(8) 
All applications shall be accompanied by a full environmental assessment form, including a visual impact analysis. The following additional material may be required by the Planning Board:
(a) 
Digital elevation model based project visibility map showing the impact of topography upon visibility of the project from other locations, to a distance radius of three miles from the center of the project. Scaled use shall depict a three-mile radius as not smaller than 2.7 inches, and the base map shall be a published topographic map showing cultural features.
(b) 
No fewer than four color photos taken from locations within a three-mile radius from the proposed location, as selected by the Planning Board and computer enhanced to simulate the appearance of the as-built aboveground site facilities as they would appear from these locations.
(9) 
Site plan review criteria. In addition to the above, no site plan shall be approved unless the Planning Board determines that the proposed on-site-use wind energy conversion system complies with the following:
(a) 
That the use is oriented in its location upon the site, as to layout, coverage, screening, means of access and aesthetics so that:
[1] 
The flow control and safety of traffic and human beings shall not be adversely affected to an unreasonable degree;
[2] 
That there be reasonable compatibility on all respects with any structure or use in the neighborhood, actual or permitted, which may be directly substantially affected;
[3] 
That there should not be any unreasonable detriment to any structure or use, actual or permitted, in the neighborhood; and
[4] 
That there be a reasonable provision for open space, yards and recreation areas appropriate to the structure and use.
E. 
Compliance with Uniform Building Code.
(1) 
Building permit applications shall be accompanied by standard drawings of structural components of the on-site-use wind energy conversion system, including support structures, tower, base and footings. Drawings and any necessary calculations shall be certified, in writing, by a New York State Registered Professional Engineer that the system complies with the New York State Fire Prevention and Building Code. This certification would normally be supplied by the manufacturer.
(2) 
Where the structure, components or installation vary from the standard design or specification, the proposed modification shall be certified by a New York State Registered Professional Engineer for compliance with the Seismic and Structural Design Provisions of the New York State Fire Prevention and Building Code.
(3) 
The New York State Fire Prevention and Building Code and the State Energy Conservation Construction Code, as amended from time to time, are hereby ratified and adopted by the Town of Manlius in every respect, pursuant to Chapter 59 of the Town of Manlius Code.
F. 
Compliance with state, local and national electric codes.
(1) 
Building permit applications shall be accompanied by a line drawing identifying the electrical components of the wind system to be installed in sufficient detail to allow for a determination that the manner of installation conforms with the National Electric Code. The application shall include a statement from a New York State Registered Professional Engineer indicating that the electrical system conforms with good engineering practices and complies with the National Electric Code, as well as applicable state and local electrical codes. This certification would normally be supplied by the manufacturer. All equipment and materials shall be used or installed in accordance with such drawings and diagrams.
(2) 
Where the electrical components of an installation vary from the standard design or specifications, the proposed modifications shall be reviewed and certified by a New York State Registered Professional Engineer for compliance with the requirements of the National Electric Code and good engineering practices.
G. 
Guy wires. Anchor points for guy wires for the on-site-use wind energy conversion system tower shall be located within the required setback lines and not on or across any aboveground electric transmission distribution lines.
H. 
Insurance. The applicant, owner, lessee or assignee shall maintain a current insurance policy which will cover installation and operation of the on-site-use wind energy conversion system at all times. Said policy shall provide a minimum of $300,000 property and personal liability coverage.
I. 
Inspections. The Building Inspector and/or Town Engineer shall have the right at any reasonable time to enter, in the company of the owner or his agent, the premises on which a wind energy conversion system is being or is constructed, to inspect all parts of said wind energy conversion system installation and require that repairs or alterations be made if in his judgment there exists a deficiency in the operation or the structural stability of the system. If necessary, the Building Inspector or Town Engineer may order the system secured or to otherwise cease operation. It shall not be required that the owner or agent be present in the event of an emergency situation involving danger to life, limb or property.
J. 
Districts where allowed. Subject to the issuance of site plan approval and a special use permit, energy conversion systems are allowed in only the R-A Zoning District in the Town.
K. 
Power to impose conditions. In granting any site plan approval, special use permit or variance for an on-site-use wind energy conversion system, the Zoning Board of Appeals or Planning Board, as the case may be, may impose reasonable conditions to the extent that such Board finds that such conditions are necessary to minimize any adverse effect or impacts to the proposed use on neighboring properties.
L. 
Fees. Fees for applications and permits under this section shall be established by resolution of the Town Board of the Town of Manlius.
M. 
Waiver. The Planning Board may, under appropriate circumstances, waive one or more of the submission requirements contained herein.
[Added 10-26-2016 by L.L. No. 8-2016]
A. 
Intent and purpose. The Town of Manlius, through this section, seeks to promote the safe, effective and efficient use of solar photovoltaic energy systems that reduce on-site and off-site consumption of utility-supplied energy while protecting the health, safety and welfare of adjacent and surrounding land uses and properties. The Town of Manlius recognizes that solar energy is an abundant, renewable, nonpolluting energy resource and that its conversion to electric energy will reduce our dependence on nonrenewable energy resources and decrease the air and water pollution that results from the use of conventional energy sources. It is therefore the intent and purpose of this section to balance the encouragement of this renewable resource with any impacts such use may have on health, welfare and safety to the community and preserving and protecting the aesthetic qualities of the Town of Manlius.
B. 
Definitions. The definitions set forth in this section are meant to be applicable to solar photovoltaic energy systems. Nothing contained herein is meant to change the definitions of other sections of Chapter 155 of the Manlius Code.
ACCESSORY STRUCTURE
A structure, the use of which is customarily incidental and subordinate to that of the principal building, and is located on the same lot or premises as the principal building.
ACCESSORY USE
A use which is clearly incidental to a principal structure or use, and is located on the same lot with the principal structure or use, is an accessory use. All accessory uses are subject to the restrictions in this section.
ARRAY
Any number of electrically connected photovoltaic (PV) modules providing a single electrical output.
BUILDING-INTEGRATED SYSTEM (BIS)
A solar photovoltaic energy system that is constructed as an integral part of a principal or accessory building or structure and where the building-integrated system features maintain a uniform profile or surface of vertical walls, window openings and roofing. Such a system is used in lieu of a separate mechanical device, replacing or substituting for an architectural or structural component of the building or structure that appends or interrupts the uniform surfaces of walls, window openings and roofing. A building-integrated system may occur within vertical facades, replacing view glass, spandrel glass or other facade material; into semitransparent skylight systems; into roofing systems, replacing traditional roofing materials; or other building or structure envelope systems.
DRIP LINE
The outermost edge of a roof including eaves, overhangs and gutters.
GROUND-MOUNTED SYSTEM (GMS)
A solar photovoltaic energy system mounted on a structure, pole or series of poles constructed specifically to support the solar photovoltaic energy system and not attached to any other structure.
INTERCONNECTION
The technical and practical link between the solar photovoltaic energy system and the grid providing electricity to the greater community.
KILOWATT (KW)
A unit of electrical power equal to 1,000 watts, which is a metric measurement of instantaneous power (not energy).
LARGE SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY SYSTEM (LSES)
A solar photovoltaic energy system with a rated capacity larger than 200kW. An LSES is considered an accessory use of the property, if the principal purpose is (i) to provide electrical power to be consumed onsite and for sale to the general power grid or (ii) to provide electrical power to be consumed onsite and to be sold to other power customers through a power purchase agreement. An LSES is not considered an accessory use if the principal purpose is to provide electrical power for offsite consumption.
MEDIUM SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY SYSTEM
A solar photovoltaic energy system with a rated power generation greater than 25kW and up to and including 200kW. It may be roof- or ground-mounted, providing power for the property and/or additional offsite buildings or customers.
MEGAWATT (MW)
A unit of electrical power equal to 1,000,000 watts, which is a metric measurement of instantaneous power (not energy).
NET METERING AGREEMENT
An agreement with a local electric utility company that allows customers to receive a credit for surplus electricity generated by certain renewable energy systems.
PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV)
A semiconductor-based device that converts light directly into electricity.
PRINCIPAL USE
The primary or main use of land, building or structure, as distinguished from an accessory use, building or structure.
QUALIFIED SOLAR INSTALLER
A person who has skills and knowledge related to the construction and operation of solar electrical equipment and installations and has received safety training on the hazards involved. Persons who are on the list of eligible photovoltaic installers maintained by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), or who are certified as a solar installer by the North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners (NABCEP), shall be deemed to be qualified solar installers for the purposes of this definition. Persons who are not on NYSERDA's list of eligible installers or NABCEP's list of certified installers may be deemed to be qualified solar installers if the Town of Manlius determines such persons have had adequate training to determine the degree and extent of the hazard and the personal protective equipment and job planning necessary to perform the installation safely. Such training shall include, but not be limited to, the proper use of special precautionary techniques and personal protective equipment, as well as the skills and techniques necessary to distinguish exposed energized parts from other parts of electrical equipment and to determine the nominal voltage of exposed live parts.
RATED SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEM CAPACITY
Aggregate sum of the AC kW ratings of all of the inverters in the system.
ROOF-MOUNTED SYSTEM (RMS)
A solar photovoltaic energy system in which solar panels are mounted on top of the structure of a roof either as a flush-mounted system or as modules fixed to frames which can be tilted toward the south at an optimal angle.
SMALL SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY SYSTEM (SSES)
A solar photovoltaic energy system with a rated capacity up to and including 25kW. It may be roof- or ground-mounted, and serve any residential, commercial, agricultural, institutional, or industrial building to which it is attached. The electrical power may also be supplied to accessory structures or for the supply of energy for other uses on the same parcel.
SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) RELATED EQUIPMENT
Various items related to photovoltaic installations, including solar photovoltaic cells, modules, panels or arrays, cables, inverters, panelboards, disconnect switches, mounting brackets, framing and foundations used for or intended to be used for collection of solar photovoltaic energy.
SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY SYSTEM (PVS)
A power generation system that utilizes cells that convert solar radiation directly to piezoelectric power.
(1) 
PVSs do not include inverterless systems with photovoltaic modules that cover less than six square feet in area (such systems may be furnished with solar-powered lights, for example, or other small solar-powered devices). This does not apply to noninterconnected systems under 100w.
SOLAR TRACKING SYSTEM
A PVS that is mounted in a way to track the movement of the sun across the sky to maximize energy production, either with a single-axis or dual-axis mechanism.
SOLAR-BASED ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENT
A structural/architectural element that provides protection from weather that includes awnings, canopies, porches or sunshades and that is constructed with the primary covering consisting of solar photovoltaic cells and may, or may not, include additional solar photovoltaic related equipment.
UNREGULATED YARD AREA
Area not within a building and not in a defined setback or yard area.
C. 
Applicability.
(1) 
This section applies to all roof-mounted and/or ground-mounted PVSs installed and constructed after the effective date of this section. Any building-mounted photovoltaic systems mounted on any vertical side of a structure are not allowed within the Town except for BISs. In addition, it does not apply to other types of systems that convert solar energy, including concentrated solar power systems and hot water systems.
(2) 
After the effective date of this section, any upgrade, modification or structural change that materially alters the size or placement of a PVSs constructed prior to the effective date of this section shall comply with the provisions of this section.
D. 
Permitted locations. No PVS or device shall be installed or operated in the Town of Manlius except in compliance with this section, state and local laws and, if applicable, in compliance with NYSERDA, New York State PSC and the local utility company.
(1) 
Small and medium GMSs, accessory use.
(a) 
Small and medium GMSs are permitted based on the requirements for accessory structures in the property's zoning district subject to the following conditions:
[1] 
Building permits are required for the installation of all GMSs.
[2] 
The location of the GMS must meet all applicable setback requirements for accessory structures in the zoning district in which it is located.
[3] 
GMSs shall be screened through the use of architectural features, earth berms, landscaping or other means. This screening should harmonize with the character of the property and the surrounding area and minimize the view of the solar energy system from a public right-of-way and from neighboring properties.
[4] 
Proper security of the site for GMSs is required. This can be accomplished with a security fence, or by other means proposed by the applicant as part of an overall security plan to be accepted by the Town Board.
[5] 
The minimum distance between the ground and any part of the solar panel must be at least two feet.
[6] 
It is required that solar panels shall not exceed a total height of 20 feet measured from the ground to the top of the highest point of the panel.
[7] 
Small GMSs shall not be allowed as a principal use.
(2) 
Building-integrated solar energy systems. BISs, as defined by this section, are not considered an accessory use and are not subject to the requirements of this section, but are subject to other building, electrical, and safety codes.
(3) 
Ground-mounted systems as principal use.
(a) 
Medium and large GMSs are permitted as primary structures in the Town of Manlius, subject to the following conditions:
[1] 
These solar systems are subject to all zoning restrictions in allowed zoning districts.
[2] 
These solar systems are only allowed on parcels that would provide at least fifty-foot setbacks, or more, as determined by the Planning Board while conforming to all other site restrictions.
[3] 
These solar systems are subject to the issuance of a special use permit by the Town Board, pursuant to § 155-27 of the Town Code and upon site plan approval by the Planning Board pursuant to § 155-28 of the Town Code.
(b) 
In addition to the criteria established pursuant to § 155-27, the following criteria are hereby established for purposes of the Town Board granting a special use permit for these solar systems under this chapter:
[1] 
Noninterference. These solar systems shall not be installed in any location along the major axis of an existing microwave communications operation where the solar system operation or similar solar system operations have been demonstrated to produce an electromagnetic interference in the existing microwave communications operation, unless such interference can be mitigated.
[2] 
Proximity to radio, television and telephone systems. These solar systems shall not be installed in any location where the solar system operation or similar solar systems operations have been demonstrated to interfere with existing fixed broadcast, retransmission, or reception antennae for radio, television or wireless phone, unless such interference can be mitigated.
[3] 
View sheds and screening. GMSs shall be installed in a location and position that would minimize visibility from neighboring properties. A screening plan, to be reviewed and accepted by the appropriate Board, shall be required as part of the site plan review or special use permit review. For purposes of this section, consideration shall be given to any relevant portions of the current, amended and/or future officially recognized Town Code. In addition, adequate measures shall be taken to screen through landscaping, grading or other means to reasonably mitigate the view of the solar panels and other equipment of the solar systems from roadways and neighboring residential properties.
[4] 
Fencing and security. Proper security of the site for large and medium GMSs is required. This can be accomplished with a security fence, or by other means proposed by the applicant as part of an overall security plan to be accepted by the Town Board.
[5] 
FAA requirements. If the proposed site is near an airport, seaplane base, or established flight zone, such solar system must meet all Federal Aviation Administration requirements.
[6] 
Ground clearance. The minimum distance between the ground and any part of the solar panel must be at least two feet. If the array can rotate and/or change pitch, this is the minimum with the array extended at its maximum pitch.
[7] 
Emergency shutdown/safety. The applicant shall post an emergency telephone number so that the appropriate entities may be contacted should any portion of the solar system need immediate repair or attention. This telephone number should be clearly visible on signs located on the security fence, placed periodically around the perimeter.
[8] 
Lightning protection. All solar systems shall have adequate lightning protection via internal lightning arrestors, surge protectors or adequate grounding.
[9] 
Ownership. Ownership of the property shall be clearly established by the applicant, and if the applicant is not the owner, the applicant shall provide proof that the owner agrees to submit to the regulations set forth herein.
[10] 
Utility notification and approval. No solar system shall be constructed until evidence has been given to the Town Board that the utility company that operates the electrical grid where the installation is to be located has been informed of the construction of the solar system and has agreed to an interconnection.
[11] 
Lighting. No solar system under this provision shall be continually artificially lighted. Lighting shall be limited to lights as needed by solar array personnel while present at the site. Lighting to be arranged and angled to not spill onto adjacent properties.
[12] 
Access road. To the greatest extent possible, existing roadways shall be used for access to the site and its improvements. In the case of constructing any roadways necessary to access the solar energy systems, they shall be constructed in a way that allows for the passage of emergency vehicles in the event of an emergency.
[13] 
Property operation and maintenance plan. The applicant shall submit a property operation and maintenance plan.
[14] 
Notice of decommissioning.
[a] 
The applicant shall also submit to the Town Board (with a copy to the Planning Board) a letter of intent committing the owner, and its successors-in-interest, to notify the Building Inspector within 30 days of the discontinuance of the use of the solar system. This letter of intent shall be filed with the Office of Planning and Development prior to the issuance of a building permit.
[b] 
Should the solar system be nonoperational for a continuous period of six months or greater, the owner shall submit a letter to the Office of Planning and Development indicating when it is expected to resume operations or whether the decommissioning of the site, in accordance with the DRP, shall commence. If the owner plans to continue operations, it shall have up to six months more to begin operations. If operations do not commence within said six months, decommissioning of the site, in accordance with the DRP, shall immediately commence.
[15] 
Decommissioning and removal plan.
[a] 
The applicant shall submit a decommissioning and removal plan (DRP) to the Town Board. The DRP shall include specific plans on how the owner plans to remove the obsolete or unused solar panel arrays and accessory structures and return the property to a state acceptable to the Town within a specific time period after the cessation of operations. This plan shall be approved by the Town Board and prior to the granting of the special use permit.
[b] 
Failure to conform to the DRP in the time period provided shall be a violation of this section and the cost to complete the plan shall be placed as a lien on the property owner's tax bill.
[16] 
Reclamation bond. A reclamation bond, for a term and in an amount to be determined during special use permit review, shall be filed with the Town Clerk to cover the costs of reclamation of the site. The amount shall be commensurate with the DRP submitted by the applicant.
[17] 
Setbacks. These solar systems shall comply with all setbacks within the affected zoning district. Additional setbacks may be required during the site plan review process in order to provide for the public's safety, health and welfare.
[18] 
Public hearing. No action shall be taken by the Town Board to issue a special use permit for a solar system until after public notice and public hearing.
[19] 
Saturation. In considering whether to issue a special use permit, the Town Board shall consider the proximity of similar large solar energy systems to the one being proposed. In no event shall an LSES be placed within one mile of an existing LSES, without specific findings by the Town Board that such placement does not adversely affect the community character of the surrounding properties.
(c) 
Upon a special use permit being issued by the Town Board, the Planning Board shall review the site plan for the GMS's pursuant to § 155-28 of the Code. The following submission requirements must be observed regarding a site plan application.
[1] 
Completed application form as supplied by the Town of Manlius for site plan approval for a solar system.
[2] 
Proof of ownership of the premises involved or proof that the applicant has written permission of the owner to make such application and copies of all relevant agreements and documents between the owner and the applicant have been turned over to the Planning Board for their review.
[3] 
Submit a stormwater management plan, certified by a professional engineer that demonstrates stormwater runoff will infiltrate into the ground beneath at a rate equal to that of the infiltration rate prior to the placement of the system.
[4] 
A plot plan and development plan drawn in sufficient detail, as prepared by a licensed engineer or surveyor, clearly describing:
[a] 
Property lines and physical dimensions of the proposed site, including contours at five-foot intervals both before and after construction;
[b] 
Location, approximate dimensions and types of all existing structures and uses on the site;
[c] 
Location and elevation of the proposed solar system;
[d] 
Blueprints or drawings of the proposed solar system installation showing the proposed layout of the solar system;
[e] 
Electrical diagram detailing the installation, associated components, electrical interconnection methods with all National Electrical Code compliant disconnects and overcurrent devices;
[f] 
Documentation of the major system components to be used, including PV panels, mounting system and inverter;
[g] 
Location of all existing aboveground utility lines and other on-site solar energy conversion systems within 1,200 linear feet of the site;
[h] 
Where applicable, the location of all transmission facilities proposed for installation;
[i] 
Location of all roads and other service structures proposed as part of the installation;
[j] 
Landscape plan showing all existing natural land features, trees, forest cover, streams, wetlands and all proposed changes to these features, including size and type of plant material;
[k] 
Plan showing proposed changes to the site including grading, clearing, lighting, screening and structures;
[l] 
Soil type at construction site.
[5] 
All applications shall be accompanied by a long environmental assessment form, including a visual impact analysis. The following additional material may be required by the Planning Board:
[a] 
Digital elevation model based project visibility map showing the impact of topography upon visibility of the project from any affected locations.
[6] 
In addition to the above, no action shall be taken to issue site plan approval until after public notice and public hearing by the Planning Board and unless the Planning Board determines that the proposed solar system complies with the following:
[a] 
That the use is oriented in its location upon the site, as to layout, coverage, screening, means of access and aesthetics so that:
[i] 
The flow control and safety of traffic and human beings shall not be adversely affected to an unreasonable degree;
[ii] 
Fire department and EMT services shall be given notice of the site plan showing the proposed ingress and egress to the facility and an opportunity to submit comments (either in writing or in person) regarding the ability of the proposed ingress and egress to accommodate emergency vehicles.
[iii] 
That there be reasonable compatibility on all respects with any structure or use in the neighborhood, actual or permitted, which may be directly substantially affected;
[iv] 
That there should not be any unreasonable detriment to any existing structure in the neighborhood.
[b] 
The Planning Board may, upon review and with due consideration, waive one or more of the submission requirements imposed herein. Relief from all other requirements must be made by way of area or use variance from the Zoning Board of Appeals.
(4) 
Roof-mounted solar photovoltaic energy systems, accessory use.
(a) 
RMSs may only be mounted on lawfully permitted principal or accessory structures. RMSs shall be considered a modification to an existing structure in the Town of Manlius subject to the following requirements:
[1] 
Building permits are required for installation of all RMSs.
[2] 
At the discretion of the Town of Manlius Code Enforcement Officer, the structure may be subject to engineering review for suitability.
[3] 
For installations on a sloped roof:
[a] 
The system must be installed at the same angle as the roof on which it is installed with a maximum distance, measured perpendicular to the roof, of 12 inches between the roof and highest edge or surface of the system.
[b] 
The highest point of the system shall not exceed the highest point of the roof to which it is attached.
[c] 
RMSs on a sloped roof do not need to be screened.
[4] 
For medium and large RMSs installed on a flat roof:
[a] 
The highest point of the system shall be permitted to extend up to six feet above the roof to which it is attached.
[b] 
It shall be screened in a manner similar to other rooftop HVAC and mechanical equipment. This can be accomplished with architectural screening such as a building parapet and by setting the system back from the roof edge.
[c] 
These systems shall comply with the following conditions as presented in Subsection D(3)(6):
[i] 
Noninterference.
[ii] 
Proximity to radio, television and telephone systems.
[iii] 
FAA requirements.
[iv] 
Ownership.
[v] 
Utility notification and approval.
[vi] 
Lighting.
[vii] 
Property operation and maintenance plan.
[5] 
Any height limitations of the Town of Manlius Code shall be applicable to solar systems.
[6] 
Under no circumstance shall the solar panels be mounted to the facade of a structure.
E. 
Permitted zoning districts.
(1) 
RMSs are permitted in all zoning districts as an accessory structure to any lawfully permitted principal use on the same parcel upon issuance of the proper permit pursuant to § 59-13 and upon compliance with all requirements of this section and as elsewhere specified in this section.
(2) 
Small and medium GMSs are permitted on parcels larger than 40,000 square feet in all zoning districts as an accessory structure to any lawfully permitted principal use on the same parcel upon issuance of the proper permit pursuant to § 59-13 and upon compliance with all requirements of this section and as elsewhere specified in this section.
(3) 
Large GMSs are permitted as principal use upon issuance of the proper permit pursuant to § 59-13 and upon compliance with all requirements of this section and as elsewhere specified in this section. They shall be allowed in the following zoning districts:
(a) 
Industrial.
(b) 
R/A.
F. 
Design and installation standards.
(1) 
The solar photovoltaic energy system must be constructed to comply with the New York State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code, as amended, and any additional electrical and safety regulations adopted by the State of New York.
(2) 
All wiring must comply with the National Electrical Code, most recent edition, as amended and adopted by the State of New York.
(a) 
For GMSs, all exterior electrical lines must be buried below the surface of the ground where possible or be placed in conduit or in aluminum cable tray. Cable tray shall be covered wherever conductors will be exposed to direct sunlight.
(3) 
The solar energy system must be constructed to comply with the most recent fire code as amended and adopted by the State of New York.
(4) 
The solar energy system shall be properly maintained and be kept free from hazards including, but not limited to, faulty wiring, loose fastenings, or the creation of an unsafe condition or detriment to public health, safety or general welfare.
G. 
Signage and/or graphic content.
(1) 
No signage or graphic content may be displayed on the solar panels except the manufacturer's badge, the installer's name, safety information and equipment specification information. Said information shall be depicted within an area no more than 36 square inches in size.
(2) 
Disconnect and other emergency shutoff information will be clearly displayed on a light reflective surface.
(3) 
Systems and sites may not be used for displaying advertising except for reasonable identification of the owner/operator and shall comply with all signage restrictions.
H. 
Inspection, safety and removal.
(1) 
The Town of Manlius reserves the right to inspect a solar energy system for building or fire code compliance and safety.
(2) 
If upon inspection the Town of Manlius determines that a fire code or building code violation exists, or that the system otherwise poses a safety hazard to persons or property, the Town of Manlius may order the owner of the land or the operator of the facility to repair or remove the system, within a reasonable time. Such an order shall be in writing, shall offer the option to repair, shall specify the code violation or safety hazard found and shall notify the owner of the land or the operator of the facility of their right to appeal such determination.
(3) 
If the owner of the land or the operator of the facility fails to repair or remove a solar energy system as ordered, and all appeal rights have been exhausted, the Town of Manlius may enter the property, remove the system and charge the owner of the property or the operator of the facility or both for all costs and expenses of removal, including reasonable attorney's fees, or pursue other legal action to have the system removed at the owner of the land or the operator of the facility's expense.
(4) 
In addition to any other available remedies, any unpaid costs resulting from the Town of Manlius' removal of a vacated, abandoned or decommissioned solar energy system shall constitute a lien upon the property against which the costs were charged. Legal counsel of the Town of Manlius shall institute appropriate action for the recovery of such cost, plus attorney's fees, including but not limited to filing of municipal claims pursuant to 53 P.S. § 7107 et seq. for the cost of such work, 6% interest per annum, plus a penalty of 5% of the amount due plus attorney's fees and costs incurred by the Town of Manlius in connection with the removal work and the filing of the Town of Manlius' claim.
I. 
Severability. If any word, phrase, sentence, part, section, subsection or other portion of this section or any application thereof to any person or circumstance is declared void, unconstitutional, or invalid for any reason, then such word, phrase, sentence, part, section, subsection or other portion or the proscribed application thereof, shall be severable, and the remaining provisions of this section, and all applications thereof, not having been declared void, unconstitutional, or invalid shall remain in full force and effect.
J. 
Conflict with other laws. Where this section differs or conflicts with other laws, rules and regulations, unless the right to do so is preempted or prohibited by the county, state, or federal government the more restrictive or protective of the Town and the public shall apply.
All permitted uses requiring site plan approval shall have prior site plan review before a building permit is issued for the alteration or construction of any building or use of the premises. The site plan and related drawings shall be submitted by the owner to the Planning Board and shall be reviewed in accordance with the following procedures and standards:
A. 
Submission of site plan and supporting data. The owner shall submit a site plan and supporting data which has been prepared by an architect, landscape architect, engineer, land surveyor or planner and shall include the following information presented in drawn form and accompanied by a written text:
(1) 
A properly certified survey of the property, showing existing features of the property, including contours, buildings, structures, pavement, trees over four inches in trunk diameter, streets, utility easements, rights-of-way and land use.
(2) 
The site plan showing proposed building locations and land use areas.
(3) 
Traffic circulation, parking and loading spaces and pedestrian walks.
(4) 
Landscaping plans, including site grading and landscape design.
(5) 
Preliminary architectural drawings for buildings delineated to be constructed, including floor plans, exterior elevations and sections.
(6) 
Preliminary engineering plans, including street improvements, drainage systems and public utility extensions.
(7) 
Engineering feasibility studies of any anticipated problems which might arise due to the proposed development as required by the Planning Board.
(8) 
The construction sequence and time schedule for completion of each phase of buildings, parking spaces and landscaped areas.
(9) 
A description of the proposed uses, including hours of operation, number of employees, expected volume of business and type and volume of traffic expected to be generated.
(10) 
An environment assessment form.
(11) 
The filing fee. [1]
[1]
Editor's Note: A fee schedule is on file at the office of the Town Clerk.
(12) 
An agricultural data statement when the property that is the subject of the site plan review is within an agricultural district (as provided for in Article 25-AA of the Agriculture and Markets Law [2]) and contains a farm operation or the property is within 500 feet of a farm operation located within an agricultural district.
[Added 6-23-1993 by Ord. No. 5-1993]
[2]
Editor's Note: See §§ 300 through 309 of the Agriculture and Markets Law.
(13) 
Stormwater pollution prevention plan. A stormwater pollution prevention plan consistent with the requirements of Chapter 126 of this Code shall be required for site plan approval. The SWPPP shall meet the performance and design criteria and standards in Chapter 126 of this Code. The approved site plan shall be consistent with the provisions of Chapter 126.
[Added 9-26-2007 by L.L. No. 2-2007]
B. 
Site plan approval.
(1) 
The Planning Board shall review the site plan and supporting data and before, during and after a public hearing shall take into consideration the following considerations:
(a) 
The harmonious relationship between proposed uses and existing adjacent uses.
(b) 
The maximum safety of vehicular circulation between the site and the street network.
(c) 
The maximum adequacy of interior circulation, parking and loading facilities, with particular attention to vehicular and pedestrian safety, as provided in § 155-31.
(d) 
Adequacy of landscaping, buffering and setbacks in regard to achieving maximum compatibility and protection to adjacent residential districts.
(e) 
The minimization of adverse environmental impact.
(f) 
The minimization of adverse effects on the welfare of the residents of the Town of Manlius.
(2) 
When an agricultural data statement is submitted, the possible impacts of the proposed site plan upon the functioning of farm operations within the agricultural district shall be reviewed in accordance with the Town Law.
[Added 6-23-1993 by Ord. No. 5-1993]
(3) 
Should changes or additional facilities be required by the Planning Board, final approval of the site plan shall be conditional upon the satisfactory compliance by the owner to the changes or additions.
(4) 
An engineering fee of $100 per acre will be assessed for design review and inspection.
[Added 12-13-2000 by Ord. No. 5-2000]
C. 
Building permit. Building permits for such uses shall be issued only in accordance with an approved site plan which shall be transmitted by the Planning Board to the Codes Enforcement Officer.
D. 
Changes. An owner wishing to make changes in an approved site plan shall submit a revised site plan to the Planning Board for review and approval before making application for a building permit.
A. 
All permitted accessory uses requiring an accessory use permit from the Town Planning Board shall have site plan review and recommendation before such use shall be permitted. A public hearing shall be at the discretion of the Planning Board. The application shall be submitted by the owner of the subject property to the Planning Board and shall be reviewed in accordance with the following procedures and standards. If a public hearing is held, the costs of providing public notice shall be borne by the applicant.
B. 
Submission of the application. The owner shall submit an application in a form directed by the Town Planning Board and an accompanying drawing of the location of the desired accessory structure and description of such use. An application fee shall accompany the application, such fee [1] to be determined from time to time by the Town Board.
[1]
Editor's Note: A fee schedule is on file at the office of the Town Clerk.
C. 
Review of said application. The Planning Board shall review the application and supporting data and shall take into consideration the following factors and limitations:
[Amended 12-13-2000 by Ord. No. 5-2000]
(1) 
The practical difficulties encountered by the applicant if the application is denied.
(2) 
Alternatives to the proposed accessory use which would have less impact on the neighborhood.
(3) 
Environmental and aesthetic impacts.
(4) 
Safety and traffic impacts.
(5) 
Compatibility of the proposed accessory use with the other uses in the neighborhood.
(6) 
An accessory use may not exceed 25% of the total floor area of a residence, or 500 square feet, whichever is less, except that in the R-M Zone, this restriction shall not apply.
[Amended 11-9-2011 by L.L. No. 2-2011]
[Added 5-26-1993 by Ord. No. 4-1993]
A. 
The purpose of this section is to regulate and control the modification of the topography of the land by excavating, grading, filling or similar activities. The Town of Manlius finds that the uncontrolled modification of existing topography has resulted in the destruction of the natural ground cover, air pollution, soil erosion, stream and pond sedimentation and alteration and disruption of natural drainageways and has adversely affected the health, safety and general welfare of the inhabitants of the Town.
B. 
This section shall apply to all real property in the Town, outside the Villages of Fayetteville, Manlius and Minoa. A permit as described in this section is required wherever it is proposed to modify the topography of such real property in any one of the following ways:
(1) 
Removal of natural vegetation from an area in excess of 10,000 square feet;
(2) 
Grading, excavating or filling an area in excess of 10,000 square feet;
(3) 
Grading resulting in the obstruction of a drainageway; or
(4) 
Grading resulting in the construction of a new drainageway.
C. 
This section shall not apply to land:
(1) 
Being used for farm purposes, where the activity meeting the criteria stated in Subsection B is a normal and expected farm activity, such as plowing or harvesting;
(2) 
Controlled by a written permit issued pursuant to the Natural Resource Removal District regulations (§ 155-19);
(3) 
Controlled by a special permit issued pursuant to § 155-27;
(4) 
Which is governed by a site plan pursuant to § 155-28 of the Town of Manlius Municipal Code; or
(5) 
Which is governed by a subdivision plat approved in accordance with Chapter 127, Subdivision of Land.
D. 
It shall be unlawful for any person to modify existing topography as provided in Subsection B without first obtaining a valid permit from the Codes Enforcement Officer. An applicant for a permit must submit an application to the Codes Enforcement Officer that meets the requirements of Subsection E. If the application is incomplete, the Codes Enforcement Officer shall return it to the applicant, specifying the manner in which it is incomplete. Upon receipt of a complete application, the Codes Enforcement Officer shall refer the application to the Planning Board. The Planning Board may refer such application to the Town of Manlius Environmental Council and the Town Engineer for their recommendations. In its discretion, it may schedule a public hearing on the matter. The Planning Board may grant the permit, grant the permit with modifications or conditions, or it may deny the permit.
E. 
The application shall include maps, plans and a narrative presenting all of the necessary information for a determination, as follows:
(1) 
A site location survey showing site, property lines, general topography and area drainage.
(2) 
A map of the area to be modified showing original and final contours at two-foot intervals, direction of drainage flow and appropriate information on adjacent properties as they affect or are affected by the applicant's site.
(3) 
Erosion runoff and siltation control in accordance with New York State Guidelines for Urban Erosion and Sediment Control.
(4) 
Dust, mud and debris control on public highways.
(5) 
Hours of operation and duration of proposed work, including a specific completion date.
(6) 
Screening for surrounding areas, if required.
(7) 
Reclamation, including suitable replacement of ground cover, topsoil and seeding, erosion and runoff control.
(8) 
An environmental assessment form or environmental impact statement, as appropriate.
(9) 
An agreement executed by all owners of record, in recordable form if required, giving a right of entry to agents of the Town. Failure to perform in accordance with the requirements of this chapter and the conditions of the permit may result in revocation of the permit and completion of the required reclamation by the Town. Should the Town complete the reclamation upon the permittee's failure to do so, such work shall be completed at the sole cost of the permittee.
(10) 
Filing fees (as set and from time to time adjusted, by the Town Board). [1]
[1]
Editor's Note: A fee schedule is on file at the office of the Town Clerk.
(11) 
Stormwater pollution prevention plan. A stormwater pollution prevention plan consistent with the requirements of Chapter 126 of this Code shall be required for issuance of a permit. The SWPPP shall meet the performance and design criteria and standards in Chapter 126 of this Code. The approved site conditions shall be consistent with the provisions of Chapter 126.
[Added 9-26-2007 by L.L. No. 2-2007]
F. 
The property owner shall deposit with the Town Clerk a minimum of $1,000 per acre or fraction thereof of land to be disturbed or such greater amount as the Town Planning Board shall specify for a particular project to insure that the reclamation is completed as required. The amount to be deposited shall be in the form of cash, cash equivalent, letter of credit or performance bond, which must be approved as to form and sufficiency of surety by the Town Attorney. Upon failure of the property owner to complete the reclamation as specified in the permit within the time set forth therein, the Town of Manlius and/or its agents may enter upon said premises and complete the reclamation. The cost of said work shall be drawn from the security on deposit with the Town Clerk. Any security remaining on deposit with the Town Clerk after completion of said work shall be returned to the owner. Any excess charges incurred by the Town over and above the security on deposit shall be paid by the property owner and shall be a lien on said property until paid.
G. 
Any activity undertaken by a property owner subject to this chapter without a permit shall be subject to a stop-work order by the Town. Any reclamation necessary to bring such illegal modifications of the topography into conformance with this chapter will be promptly accomplished by the owner. Should the owner fail to bring the property into compliance within 30 days of issuance of the stop-work order, the Town may undertake and complete such reclamation. The cost of such work shall be paid by the owner and will be a lien on his property until paid.
H. 
A proposed modification of the topography may require the acquisition of other permits or approvals, such as those required for lands in flood hazard zones [2] or in or near wetlands administered by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation and the Army Corps of Engineers, for instance. Receipt of a permit pursuant to this section does not preclude the necessity of obtaining any other permits required for the proposed activity.
[2]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 72, Flood Damage Prevention.
I. 
Any property owner violating any of the provisions of this section shall be subject to the penalties specified in § 155-52A, and each seven-day period of continued violation shall constitute a separate violation thereunder.
A. 
The purpose of this section is to set forth minimum off-street parking requirements for different permitted land uses. Off-street automobile and vehicular storage or parking space shall be provided as specified herein.
B. 
Dimensions of parking spaces. Each individual parking space shall have a minimum width of 10 feet and a minimum length of 20 feet. Parking spaces shall be designed and arranged to provide free and unimpaired ingress and egress thereto and therefrom.
C. 
Required parking spaces. The following number of parking spaces shall be maintained for each of the uses specified below:
(1) 
Retail stores. For retail stores, parking shall be provided for all vehicles used in the business, plus one parking space for each 100 square feet of total floor area for the first 5,000 square feet and one parking space for each 200 square feet of total floor area over 5,000 square feet.
(2) 
Personal service establishments. Beauty shops, barbershops, shoe repair shops and similar personal service establishments shall provide one parking space for each 200 square feet of total floor area.
(3) 
Offices. For offices, one parking space shall be provided for each 300 square feet of total floor area.
(4) 
Restaurants and other eating establishments. For restaurants and other eating establishments, one parking space shall be provided for each five seats, except that where customers are served in their cars, parking shall be provided sufficient to accommodate the projected number of customers during the periods of highest use.
(5) 
Industrial. For industrial uses, one parking space shall be provided for each two employees on the maximum working shift, and one parking space shall be provided for each vehicle used in the operation of the business.
(6) 
Hotels and motels. For hotels and motels, one parking space shall be provided for each sleeping unit.
(7) 
Shopping center. For shopping centers, one parking space shall be provided for each 200 square feet of floor space.
D. 
Loading space. In addition to the off-street parking spaces required above, there shall be provided adequate off-street space for loading and unloading vehicles regularly used in the operation of any commercial or industrial establishment. Loading spaces shall be designed and maintained so as not to interfere with the free flow of traffic on any public street.
E. 
Common parking facilities. When any land or building is used for two or more purposes, the number of parking spaces shall be the sum of the requirements for the various individual uses. Common parking facilities may be cooperatively established and operated to serve two or more uses of the same or different type, provided that the number of spaces provided shall not be less than the sum of the individual requirements.
F. 
Location of parking and loading facilities. All parking and loading spaces shall be located on the same lot with the building or use that is to be served by the parking facilities.
All actions, as defined in the State Environmental Quality Review Act, [1] shall be made hereunder only after all requirements of the State Environmental Quality Review Act have been completed, as such requirements are amplified in 6 NYCRR 617 or the equivalent or successor regulations.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Article 8 of the Environmental Conservation Law.