§ 175-2Statutory authority.
§ 175-5Community development objectives.
§ 175-6Compliance required.
The official title of this chapter is: "Middlesex Township Zoning Ordinance."
This chapter is adopted by virtue of the authority granted to the Township by the commonwealth in the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code, Act 247 of 1968, as amended by Act 170 of 1988 (53 P.S. § 10101 et seq., as may be amended from time to time).
In the event of conflicts between the provisions of this chapter and any other ordinance or regulation, the more restrictive provisions shall apply.
In their interpretation and application, the provisions of this chapter shall be considered minimum requirements adopted for the promotion of the health, safety and general welfare of the public.
In interpreting the language of this chapter to determine the extent of the restriction upon the use of property, the language shall be interpreted, where doubt exists as to the intended meaning of the language written and enacted by the Township Supervisors, in favor of the property owner and against any implied extension of the restriction.
These regulations are deemed necessary in order to:
Promote and protect the public health, safety and welfare of the residents of the Township and of the public, generally;
Encourage and facilitate orderly community growth and development;
Conserve and stabilize property values through encouragement of the most appropriate use of land in relation to adjacent land uses;
Secure safety from fire and prevent adequate open space for light and air;
Facilitate the economic provision of adequate transportation, water supply, sewage disposal, schools, parks and other public requirements;
Prevent blight, the overcrowding or incompatible development or use of land, danger and congestion in travel and transportation, and the loss of health, life or property from fire, flood, panic or other dangers.
Preserve forests, recreation and agricultural lands from conflict with urban development; and
Promote conservation of the environment and other natural and historic features.
In addition to the general purposes of this chapter stated in § 175-4, the following specific community development objectives have been considered as a basis upon which the regulations and controls of this chapter are derived:
The present rural atmosphere of the Township should be maintained and development channeled into a logical sequence rather than permitted to occur in a haphazard arrangement across the Township.
Areas which are actively being farmed and which are particularly well-suited to farming because of soil types, size or location should be protected and preserved.
Higher-density residential growth should be channeled into areas where public water and public sewer service is anticipated to be extended in the future or where PA-DER-approved community treatment and distribution systems are provided in the interim.
Within the capability of existing or anticipated public facilities, services and streets, a range of housing types and densities oriented towards the changing needs of those seeking housing in the Township should be encouraged.
The provision of new streets, services and utilities within a developing plan should be the responsibility of the developers.
Interconnecting new highways and streets shall be planned to serve the future development of the Township in a logical and continuous manner. Planning shall be the responsibility of the Planning Commission and streets and highways shall meet the standards of construction set forth by the Township.
Development standards should encourage a variety of site design opportunities, both on individual lots and in planned communities of many units, while at the same time maintaining adequate health and safety standards.
Commercial growth should be related to the needs of the expanding residential and institutional activities in the Township and adjoining townships rather than to speculative development.
Commercial expansion should be encouraged to develop in depth, rather than in a linear pattern along the highway, and adequate parking areas, loading positions and means of safe access should be provided at each commercial property. Points of access to commercial developments on the same highway should be designed to avoid congestion.
Industrial expansion should be encouraged where adjacent adequate highway and/or air transportation facilities exist and where the impact of such development will not deteriorate nearby residential or institutional growth.
Recreational development shall provide for the expanded needs of the Township, and recreation and playground areas shall be located to serve the maximum number of residents.
No structure shall be located, erected, constructed, reconstructed, moved, altered, converted or enlarged; nor shall any structure or land be used or be designed to be used, except in full compliance with all the provisions of this chapter and after the lawful issuance of all permits and certificates required by this chapter.