[HISTORY: Adopted by the Mayor and Council of the Borough of Netcong as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Sewerage Authority — See Ch. 73.
Uniform construction codes — See Ch. 140.
Housing standards — See Ch. 186.
Land development procedures — See Ch. 194.
Water — See Ch. 276.
Individual subsurface sewage disposal systems — See Ch. 295.
Solid waste disposal — See Ch. 300.
Public noncommunity and nonpublic water systems — See Ch. 307.
[Adopted 7-11-1972 as Ch. 74, Art. I, of the 1972 Code]
For the purpose of this article, the terms used herein are defined as follows:
- BOD (denoting "biochemical oxygen demand")
- The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20º C., expressed in parts per million by weight.
- The Borough of Netcong, New Jersey.
- Solid wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.
- HOUSE CONNECTION
- That part of the sewerage system which receives the sewage from the house plumbing system and conveys it to the nearest end of the sewer extension, unless a sewer extension is not available, in which case the house connection shall be extended to the nearest available Y. No house connection shall be made to a manhole of the public sewer system without the express written consent and by special permission of the Superintendent and the governing body of the Borough of Netcong.
- HOUSE PLUMBING SYSTEM
- All the plumbing work within the building and to a point five feet outside of the building which conveys sewage from within the building to the house connection outside of the building.
- INDUSTRIAL WASTES
- The liquid wastes from industrial processes as distinct from sanitary sewage.
- The Plumbing Inspector of the Borough of Netcong, or his authorized deputy, agent or representative. The Inspector shall be responsible for house plumbing systems and house connections.
- MAIN SEWER
- The sewers laid longitudinally along the center line or other part of the streets, easements or other rights-of-way and which sewer is owned and controlled by the Borough of Netcong.
- NATURAL OUTLET
- Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface or ground water.
- Any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group.
- The logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.
- PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE
- The wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than 1/2 inch in any dimension.
- PUBLIC SEWER
- A sewer which is owned and controlled by the Borough of Netcong.
- SANITARY SEWER
- A sewer which carries sewage and to which storm, surface and ground waters are not admitted.
- A combination of the water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions and industrial establishments, together with such ground, surface and storm waters as may be present.
- SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT
- Any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage.
- SEWERAGE WORKS
- All facilities for collecting, pumping and disposing of sewage.
- SEWER EXTENSION
- That part of the sewerage system that runs from the sewer main to the curbline and includes all necessary fittings.
- STORM SEWER or STORM DRAIN
- A sewer which carries storm and surface waters and drainage but excludes sewage and polluted wastes.
- The Superintendent of Sewers of the Borough of Netcong, or his authorized deputy, agent or representative. The Superintendent shall be responsible for all parts of the sewage system except house plumbing system and house connections.
- SUSPENDED SOLIDS
- Solids that either float on the surface of or are in suspension in water, sewage or other liquids and which are removable by laboratory filtering.
- A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
it shall be unlawful for any person to place, deposit or permit to be deposited in any unsanitary manner, upon public or private property within the Borough of Netcong or in any area under the jurisdiction of said Borough of Netcong, any human or animal excrement, garbage or other objectionable waste.
It shall be unlawful to discharge to any natural outlet within the Borough of Netcong or in any area under the jurisdiction of said Borough any sanitary sewage, industrial wastes or other polluted waters, except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with subsequent provisions of this article.
Except as hereinafter provided, it shall be unlawful to construct or maintain any privy, privy unit, septic tank, cesspool or other facility intended or used for the disposal of sewage. Abandoned privies, privy units, septic tanks, cesspools and other facilities previously intended or used for the disposal of sewage shall be properly drained and filled in.
The owner of any house, building or property used for human occupancy, employment, recreation or other purpose, situated within the Borough and abutting on any street, alley, easement or right-of-way in which there is now located a public sanitary sewer of the Borough, is hereby required at his expense to install suitable toilet facilities therein and to connect such facilities, as well as any and all other new and existing house plumbing, directly into the proper public sewer in accordance with the provisions of this article by no later than November 1, 1969, provided that said public sewer is within 100 feet of the property line.
The owner of any house, building, or property used for human occupancy, employment, recreation or other purpose, situated within the Borough and abutting on any street, alley, easement or right-of-way in which there may, in the future, be located a public sanitary sewer of the Borough, is hereby required, at his expense, to install suitable toilet facilities therein and to connect such facilities, as well as any and all other new and existing house plumbing, directly into the proper public sewer in accordance with the provisions of this article within 180 days after date of official notice to do so, provided that said public sewer is within 100 feet of the property line.
If a public sewer is not available within 100 feet of any proposed building intended to be used for human occupancy, employment, recreation or other purpose, the developer may construct and install an individual subsurface disposal system, provided that it complies with all applicable state and municipal requirements and standards and provided further that the developer must install suitable toilet facilities therein and dry lines to provide for the future connection of such facilities directly into the proper public sewer within 60 days of notice that a sewer line has become available.
No unauthorized person shall uncover, make any connections with or opening into, use, alter or disturb any public sewer or appurtenance thereof without first obtaining a written permit from the Superintendent and such other permit as may be required by the provisions of Chapter 153, Excavations, Article I, Streets, of this Code, or other applicable ordinances.
There shall be two classes of public sewer connection permits: first, for residential and commercial service; and second, for service to establishments producing industrial wastes. In either case, the owner or his agent shall make application on a special form provided by the Borough. The permit application shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the Superintendent. A permit and inspection fee of $200 for a residential or commercial public sewer connection permit and $300 for an industrial public sewer connection permit shall be paid to the Borough Clerk at the time application is filed.
An applicant for a public sewer connection permit for service to establishments producing industrial wastes shall also pay a fee, which shall be $25, for review of plans, specifications and testing.
No unauthorized person shall make any connection to a sewer extension without first obtaining a written permit from the Inspector.
There shall be two classes of sewer connection permits: first, for residential and commercial service; and, second, for service establishments producing industrial wastes. The owner or his agent shall make application on a special form provided by the Borough. The permit application shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the inspector. A permit and inspection fee of $200 for a residential or commercial house sewer connection permit and $300 for an industrial house sewer connection permit shall be paid to the Inspector at the time the application is filed. For each reinspection of house connection work caused by the failure of the owner or his agent to comply with the provision of this article or permit issued, an additional fee of $5 shall be paid to the Inspector by the person making the installation.
All costs and expenses incident to the installation and connection shall be borne by the owner. The owner shall indemnify the Borough for any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation of the house connection.
A separate and independent house connection shall be provided for every building except where one building stands at the rear of another on an interior lot and no private sewer is available or ban be constructed to the rear building through an adjoining alley, court, yard or driveway, in which case the house connection from the front building may be extended to the rear building.
Where house plumbing systems exist, a portion of the outside piping may be used in connection with the house connection only when it is found, on examination and test by the Inspector, to meet all requirements of this article.
The house connection pipe shall be made of extra heavy cast-iron soil pipe or asbestos-cement rubber ring house connection pipe properly joined in areas where depth of excavation is less than four feet or where the slope is in excess of 10%, or where, in the opinion of the Inspector, the conditions warrant, only cast-iron soil pipe shall be used.
Cast-iron soil pipe and fittings shall be iron castings suitable for installation and service in drainage, waste and sewer lines.
All cast-iron soil pipe shall be installed in accordance with the recommended instructions of the manufacturer.
Asbestos-cement pipe shall be of best quality asbestos-cement pipe with joints providing requisite flexibility and water tightness under service conditions. Smooth internal surfaces and best workmanship will be required. All asbestos-cement pipe shall be installed in accordance with the recommended instructions of the manufacturer.
The diameter of the house connection pipe shall be not less than four inches nor greater than six inches. The house connection shall be laid on a uniform grade, wherever practicable, at a straight grade of at least 1/4 of an inch per foot. Where, in special cases, a minimum grade of 1/4 inch per foot cannot be maintained, a grade of 1/8 inch per foot will be permitted, but only after the Inspector is amply notified and gives his approval.
Whenever possible, the house connection may be brought to the building at an elevation below the basement floor. No house connection shall be laid parallel to or within three feet of any bearing wall which might thereby be weakened. The depth shall be sufficient to afford protection from frost. The house connection shall be laid at uniform grade in the direction from the main sewer to the building and in straight alignment insofar as possible. Change in direction shall be made only with properly curved pipe and fittings.
In all buildings in which the house plumbing is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sanitary sewage carried by such drain shall be lifted by approved artificial means and discharged to the house connection. Payment for installing and maintaining the lifting device shall be the responsibility of the owner.
Installing house connections.
When installing the house connection, the trenches shall be dug in a careful manner and properly sheathed where required. The road materials shall be placed in a separate pile and not mixed with the rest of the excavated materials, which must be piled in a compact heap and so placed as to cause the least possible inconvenience to the public. Proper barricades and lights must be maintained around the trench to guard against accidents.
The pipe shall be laid on a good foundation to the form and size of support for the pipe. Ample excavation shall be made under and around all joints to permit proper jointing. In backfilling, the material from the bottom of the pipe to a point two feet above the top of the pipe shall consist of earth which shall be free from stones or rock fragments of a size larger than two inches. This backfill shall be placed in six-inch layers and carefully tamped. The balance of the trench shall be filled with earth and stones but in no case with rock weighing more than 50 pounds or frozen earth. This backfill shall be placed in layers up to two feet thick and carefully tamped to avoid any settlement. When the trench has been filled to the proper height, the road material is to be replaced and heavily tamped or rolled.
Where the trench is excavated in rock, the rock must be carefully excavated to a depth of six inches below the grade line of the sewer and the trench brought to the proper elevation with gravel or other material satisfactory to the Inspector. The remainder of the trench must be backfilled as previously described herein.
Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as abrogating any of the existing requirements of the Borough relating to the excavation and backfilling of trenches, but the requirements herein contained shall be in addition thereto.
Where subsoil conditions are bad, such special precaution must be taken to secure a watertight job as may be directed by the Inspector. In quicksand, all pipes must be extra heavy cast iron and must be laid out on planking two inches thick by at least six inches wide.
Joints and connections.
All joints and connections shall be made gastight and watertight. Cast-iron pipe joints shall be firmly packed with jute, hemp or equal yarning material and hot-poured with a melted lead to a depth of not less than one inch. The jointing compound shall be run in one pouring and caulked tight. No paint, varnish or other coatings shall be permitted on the jointing material until after the joint has been tested and approved by the Inspector. Material for hot-poured joints shall not soften sufficiently to destroy the effectiveness of the joint when subjected to a temperature of 160º F., nor be soluble in any of the wastes carried by the drainage system.
In lieu of cast-iron pipe with caulked joints, as specified above, cast-iron pipe of the same weight and general dimensions, but modified to use a neoprene gasket, may be used. Pipe shall be manufactured to close tolerances and shall be without beads on the spigot ends. Hubs shall be modified to receive the gaskets. Gaskets shall be capable of maintaining a tight seal with any joint deflection up to 10º. Joints shall be assembled by means of special tools.
Joints for asbestos-cement pipe shall be the standard rubber ring coupling type and installed in accordance with manufacturer's instructions.
The connection of the house connection to the main sewer shall be made at the sewer extension at the curbline, or if no sewer extension exists, connection shall be made at the nearest available Y connection on the main sewer. The Superintendent will designate the position of the end of the sewer extension at the curbline or the Y connection on the main sewer, whichever is appropriate. If it becomes necessary to cut into the main sewer because no other source of connection is available, then such connection shall be made as directed by and under the supervision of the Superintendent. The dead ends of all pipes not immediately connected with the house plumbing system must be securely closed by a watertight cover of imperishable material. Prior to any connection to the sewer extension or to the main sewer. the Superintendent must be given at least 48 hours' notice in advance so that he may supervise such work. If the Superintendent has not been given such notice, he may require the completed work to be uncovered for examination at the owner's own expense.
The use of cleanouts on the house connection shall be made by installing a Y and a 1/8 bend. The cleanouts shall ordinarily be installed at the point of connection between the house connection and the outside part of the house plumbing system, at all curves on the house connection, and on the straight part of the house sewer to the main sewer. The cleanout shall be brought up from the house connection to existing grade and be properly capped. Where the distance from the building to the point of connection at the main sewer is less than 100 feet and there are no curves in this distance, the cleanout in the house will be sufficient if it is at least six inches above the basement floor. Where the distance exceeds 100 feet at least one cleanout 50 feet from the house shall be provided. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, there shall be one cleanout at the curb for each and every house connection.
Where connection is made between the portion of the house plumbing system outside of the building and the house connection, a long radius bend shall appropriately be installed at this connection along with a cleanout as described in Subsection B(13) above. This connection shall be subject to approval of the Inspector, who shall be given ample notice prior to such work.
Before any portion of the existing plumbing system outside of the building is connected to the house connection, the owner shall prove, to the satisfaction of the Inspector, that it is clean and conforms in every respect to these rules and regulations and any amendments and supplements thereto.
All work on house connections shall be made by either the owner of the premises personally doing the work or a plumber licensed by the Borough of Netcong, and all of said work shall be approved by the Plumbing Inspector of the Borough of Netcong; provided, however, that any connections to or opening into a main sewer must be made by a plumber licensed by the Borough of Netcong and said work must be approved by the Plumbing Inspector of the Borough of Netcong.
The Superintendent or Inspector may apply any appropriate test to the pipes, and the plumber and contractor at his own expense shall furnish all necessary tools, labor, materials and assistants for such tests and shall remove any defective materials when so ordered by the Superintendent or Inspector.
Each contractor or other person performing work on Borough public property for the purpose of installing house connections shall post a bond acceptable to the Borough of Netcong in accordance with the provisions of the Street Opening Ordinance of the Borough of Netcong and any other ordinance of the Borough of Netcong which is applicable. All work shall be adequately guarded with barricades, lights and other measures for protection to the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, curbs and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the Borough.
Upon each application for a house connection permit, there shall be paid to the Construction Code Official a sewer connection fee in the amount of $2,500 for each user unit to be connected.
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any stormwater, surface water, groundwater, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, cooling water or unpolluted industrial process waters into any sanitary sewer.
Except as hereinafter provided, no person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following described waters or wastes to any public sewer:
Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than 150º F.
Any water or waste which may contain more than 100 parts per million by weight of fat, oil or grease.
Any gasoline, benzene, naphtha, fuel oil or other flammable or explosive liquid, solid or gas.
Any ashes, cinders, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, tar, plastics, wood, paunch manure or any other solid or viscous substance capable of causing obstruction to the flow in sewer or other interference with the proper operation of the sewage works.
Any waters or wastes having a pH lower than 5.5 or higher than 9.0 or having any other corrosive property capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment and personnel of the sewage works.
Any waters or wastes containing a toxic or poisonous substance in sufficient quantity to injure or interfere with any sewage treatment process, constitute a hazard to humans or animals or create any hazard in the receiving waters of the sewage treatment plant.
Any waters or wastes containing suspended solids of such character and quantity that unusual attention or expense is required to handle such materials at the sewage treatment plant.
Any noxious or malodorous gas or substance capable of creating a public nuisance.
Any radioactive wastes.
Any such other materials or substances as may be provided and set forth in ordinances or rules and regulations promulgated by the Musconetcong Sewerage Authority.
Grease, oil and sand interceptors.
Grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be provided when, in the opinion of the Superintendent, they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amount or any flammable wastes, sand and other harmful ingredients, except that such interceptors shall not be required for private living quarters or dwelling units. All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the Superintendent and shall be so located as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection.
Grease and oil interceptors shall be constructed of impervious materials capable of withstanding abrupt and extreme changes in temperature. They shall be of substantial construction, be watertight and be equipped with easily removable covers which, when bolted in place, shall be gastight and watertight.
Grease and oil interceptors shall, in all cases, be required for service stations and commercial garages.
Where installed, all grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be maintained by the owner, at his expense, in continuously efficient operation at all times.
The admission into the public sewers of any waters or waste having a five-day biochemical oxygen demand greater than 300 parts per million, by weight, or containing more than 350 parts per million, by weight, of suspended solids, or containing any quantity of substance having the characteristics described in Subsection B above, or having an average daily flow greater than 2% of the average daily sewage flow of the Borough, shall be subject to the review and approval of the Superintendent. Where necessary, in the opinion of the Superintendent, the owner shall provide, at his expense, such preliminary treatment as may be necessary to reduce the biochemical oxygen demand to 300 parts per million and the suspended solids to 350 or reduce objectionable characteristics or constituents to within the maximum limits provided for in Subsection B above or control the quantities and rates of discharge of such waters or wastes. Plans, specifications and any other pertinent information relating to proposed preliminary treatment facilities shall be submitted for the approval of the Superintendent, the Musconetcong Sewerage Authority and of the Water Pollution Control Commission of the State of New Jersey, and no construction of such facilities shall be commenced until said approvals are obtained in writing.
Where preliminary treatment facilities are provided for any waters or wastes, they shall be maintained continuously in satisfactory and effective operation by the owner at his expense.
The owner of any property served by a building sewer carrying industrial wastes shall install a suitable control manhole in the building sewer to facilitate observation, sampling and measurement of the wastes. Such manhole shall be accessibly and safely located and shall be constructed in accordance with plans approved by the Superintendent. The manhole shall be installed by the owner at his expense and shall be maintained by him so as to be safe and accessible at all times.
All measurements, tests and analyses of the characteristics of waters and wastes to which reference is made in Subsections B and D above shall be determined in accordance with Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water, published by the American Public Health Association (1960 Edition), and all subsequent revised editions and amendments and supplements thereto, and shall be determined at the control manhole provided for in Subsection F above or upon suitable samples taken at said control manhole. The cost and expense incident to the measurements, tests and analyses shall be borne by the owner.
No statements contained in this section shall be construed as preventing any special agreement between the Borough and any industrial concern whereby an industrial waste of unusual strength or character may be accepted by the Borough for treatment, subject to payment therefor by the industrial concern.
No person shall maliciously, willfully or negligently break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is part of the municipal sewage works.
The Superintendent or Inspector and other duly authorized employees of the Borough, bearing proper credentials and identification, shall be permitted to enter upon all properties for the purpose of inspections, observation, measurement, sampling and testing in accordance with the provisions of this article.
[Amended 8-10-2006 by Ord. No. 2006-20]
In the event that an owner of any property in the Borough shall fail to make connection or installation as provided for in § 238-2 of this article within the time required therein, the Borough may proceed to make such installation or connection, or cause the same to be made, and charge and assess the cost thereof against such property, pursuant to the provisions of N.J.S.A. 40:63-54 et seq.
[Adopted 7-11-1972 as Ch. 74, Art. II, of the 1972 Code]
A "unit" shall be defined and deemed to be each and every residential, commercial, industrial and institutional use, or combination thereof, connected into and serviced by the sanitary sewage system of the Borough of Netcong.
The number of units in a particular use shall be computed in the following manner:
Each one-family residential dwelling shall be one unit.
Each two-family residential dwelling shall be two units.
Each multifamily residential dwelling shall be equivalent to as many units as there are dwelling units therein.
Each boardinghouse, hotel and motel shall be equivalent to as many units as there are rental units therein.
Each commercial establishment shall be deemed to be one unit.
Each industrial establishment shall be deemed to be one unit.
Each institutional use, excluding public and private schools, shall be deemed to be one unit.
A combination of any of the uses set forth in this Subsection, maintained in the same premises, shall be deemed to have one unit for each of the number of uses therein.
[Amended 4-13-1976; 5-10-1977; 3-13-1984; 4-10-1990; 4-13-1993; 4-12-1994; 5-13-1997 by Ord. No. 97-4; 6-10-1997 by Ord. No. 97-8]
Each and every unit shall be charged the sum of $125 per quarter for the collection, disposal and treatment of sanitary sewage.
In the event that the water consumed by any commercial, industrial or institutional unit, or combination thereof, exceeds 15,000 gallons per quarter, there shall be an additional charge for that unit of $7.65 per 1,000 gallons or fraction thereof consumed in excess of 15,000 gallons per quarter. The excess of water consumed over 15,000 gallons shall be measured by the reading of water meters.
All schools, both public and private, shall be charged for the collection, disposal and treatment of sanitary sewage the sum of $2.70 for each pupil, each member of the faculty and administration and each member of the maintenance and custodial staff in said school. This shall be an annual charge.
[Amended 2-8-2007 by Ord. No. 2007-1]
The charges set forth herein shall be billed on March 1, June 1, September 1 and December 1 of each year. Said charges shall be due and payable 15 days after the date of each billing.
Excess charges shall be billed quarterly on March 1, June 1, September 1 and December 1 of each year. Said charges shall be due and payable 15 days after the date of each billing.
All bills overdue more than 15 days will be subject to interest at the rate of 8% per annum on the first $1,500 and at the rate of 18% per annum on the balance, to be calculated as of the billing date.
Said bills shall be issued in the name of, and rendered to, the owner of the respective premises.
The aforesaid charges for the collection, disposal and treatment of sanitary sewage shall go into effect as of the first full month after connection by the particular unit into the sanitary sewage system. Furthermore, if there has not been a connection into the sanitary sewerage system for a full quarter, then the initial billing shall be a pro rata proportion of the aforesaid quarterly minimum charge based on the number of full months of connection by the particular unit into the sanitary sewerage system.
Pursuant to the provisions of N.J.S.A. 40:63-8, the charges set forth hereinabove shall draw the same interest from the time they become due as taxes upon real estate in the Borough of Netcong and shall be a lien upon the premises connected to the sanitary sewers until paid, and the Borough of Netcong shall have the same remedies for the collection thereof, with interest, costs and penalties as the Borough of Netcong has by law for collection of taxes upon real estate.
All water service may be shut off without further notice if the charges for sewer services are not paid within 30 days after the bill for sewer services is rendered and mailed. When shut off, water service shall not be turned on until all arrears and interest shall be fully paid. A service charge of $1 shall be made for turning on or off the water supply.