[Adopted 7-8-1974 by Ord. No. 74-15]
The owner or owners of the lands fronting or bordering on any of the streets, highways and avenues of the Borough of Park Ridge, when required by a separate ordinance passed by the Council of the Borough of Park Ridge, and when proper notice and procedure, as prescribed in N.J.S.A. 40:65-1 et seq., is given, shall construct, reconstruct, pave, repave, curb, recurb, improve and repair at his, her or their own proper costs and expense the sidewalks and curbs of the streets, highways and avenues; provided, however, that nothing herein contained shall be construed to affect any owner or owners of land fronting or bordering on any of the streets, highways or avenues whose sidewalks and curbs on any said streets, highways or avenues are now in good repair and construction, at the established grade and paved in accordance herewith.
Upon passage of an ordinance by the Council of the Borough of Park Ridge requiring any of the aforesaid improvements, a notice of improvement shall be served and the contents thereof, pursuant to N.J.S.A. 40:65-2, must contain a description of the property affected sufficient to identify it, a description of the improvement and a statement that the cost is to be borne by the said owner or owners, and said notice shall state that unless the owner or owners shall complete the same within 30 days after service thereof, the municipality shall make the improvement at the expense of the owner or owners.
The notice may be served personally upon all owners affected residing in the municipality or by leaving the same at the usual place of residence with a member of the family above the age of 14 years. In the event that infants or incompetents are involved, such notice shall be served upon their guardians, and such other service shall be made as prescribed by N.J.S.A. 40:65-3 and 40:65-4.
In the event that any of the owners or any owner of the real estate affected which are required to bear the whole cost of improvement after passage of the ordinance therefor and after notice given as stated heretofore shall fall to make such improvement as required by ordinance, then and in that event the governing body may cause the improvement to be made under the supervision of the proper municipal officer or may award a contract or contracts therefor.
The officer of the municipality in charge of such improvement shall keep an accurate account of the cost thereof and shall assess such cost or the proportion thereof required to be assessed under said ordinance upon such properties in proportion to their respective frontage thereon and shall file a report thereof under oath with the Municipal Clerk and shall proceed pursuant to N.J.S.A. 40:65-8 regarding the assessment for the benefits of local improvements.
Such sidewalk and curbing assessment shall bear interest from the time of confirmation at the same rate and with the same penalties for nonpayment as assessments for local improvements in the municipality and, from the confirmation thereof, shall be a first and paramount lien upon the real estate assessed, to the same extent, to be collected and enforced in the same manner as assessments for local improvements; and the governing body may provide for payment pursuant to N.J.S.A. 40:65-9.
The construction of the aforesaid improvements mentioned herein shall be in accordance with the requirements set forth as follows:
Forms shall be of steel or of smooth-surface wood not less than 2 inches thick. Both sides of the curb or sidewalk shall contain forms. All forms shall be firmly fastened before pouring of concrete shall be permitted by the Borough Engineer. On curved streets, highways or avenues of greater than two-hundred-fifty-foot radius on the center line, straight forms not longer than 10 feet each may be used. On all curved streets, highways or avenues of less than a two-hundred-fifty-foot radius, curved forms shall be used to conform to the curvature of the street, highway or avenue.
Subgrade. The base on which any curb or sidewalk is poured shall consist of a minimum of four inches of compacted road gravel or stable sand which does not contain clay, muck, stumps or any other materials which could result in the settlement of the structure.
Curbs shall be Class B, air-entrained portland cement concrete having a minimum twenty-eight-day compressive strength of 4,000 pounds per square inch. Metal forms shall be used, except that wood forms may be used on curves too sharp for satisfactory construction with metal forms. The dimensions of the curbs shall be 18 inches in depth, six inches wide at the top, eight inches wide at the base and tapered on the roadway side. The materials and methods used for lubricating the forms shall be such as will not discolor or stain the concrete. Forms shall be removed when the concrete has hardened sufficiently to be self-supporting yet in ample time to allow for finishing as hereinafter specified. The concrete shall be tamped and spaded or vibrated so that the forms are completely filled, the concrete is thoroughly compacted and mortar is flushed to the face and top. The top shall be finished with a wood float to an even, smooth and dense surface and, as soon as the forms can be removed, the face shall be similarly finished. The edges of the curb shall be rounded to the required radius with suitable edging tools. In curbs, expansion joints shall be provided opposite joints in abutting concrete pavement and at approximately equal distances of not more than 20 feet between pavement joints, except as otherwise specified or shown on the plans, and shall be filled with preformed bituminous cellular-type joint filler, 1/2 inch thick, which shall be inset 1/4 inch from the top and face. Curb joints shall be neatly rounded to one-fourth-inch radius. For headers, joints shall be provided as shown on the plans incorporated herein. Between the concrete curbs and concrete surface or base course, one-half-inch preformed bituminous joint filler shall be installed and the joint shall be sealed with hot-poured rubber-asphalt joint sealer. Where shown on the plans, the curb shall be constructed monolithic with the adjoining pavement. Concrete curbs and headers shall be cured with clear or translucent liquid compound which shall be applied as soon as the concrete has been finished. Gradual transitions shall be constructed where changes in the size or shape of curbs occur in a continuous section. When the curb is to be constructed upon a concrete pavement, all dirt, bituminous material and other loose or adhering matter shall be removed from the pavement, and the curb shall be doweled to the pavement with steel dowels of the size and having the spacing shown on the plans. The diameter of holes drilled in the pavement shall be not more than 3/4 inch greater than the diameter of the dowels. The dowels shall be set in a one-to-two cement-sand mortar. Transverse joints in doweled curb shall be installed directly over transverse joints and over definite cracks in the pavement. Additional joints shall be installed between pavement joints and cracks so as to divide the curb into sections of approximately equal lengths of not more than 20 feet. The finished curb and headers shall be neat and workmanlike in appearance and shall not vary from the prescribed line and grade more than 1/4 inch at any point.
Editor's Note: Said plans are on file in the Borough offices.
Sidewalks shall be Class C, air-entrained portland cement concrete having a minimum twenty-eight-day compressive strength of 3,000 pounds per square inch. Sidewalks shall be four inches thick, except at driveways, where sidewalks shall be six inches thick from the curb to the edge of the sidewalk nearest the property line. After being placed, the concrete shall be tamped, screeded and finished to true grade and surface. The finish shall be made with a wood float, followed by brushing with a wet soft-hair brush to a neat and workmanlike surface. Transverse expansion joints 1/2 inch wide shall be provided at intervals of not more than 20 feet and filled with preformed bituminous cellular-type joint filler. Longitudinal joints 1/4 inch wide shall be provided between curbs and abutting sidewalks and shall be filled with preformed bituminous-type joint filler. The top of all joint filler shall be 1/4 inch below the top of the sidewalk. Transverse surface grooves shall be cut in the sidewalk between expansion joints at intervals equal to the sidewalk width. All edges shall be neatly rounded to 1/4 inch. The concrete shall be cured with clear or translucent liquid compound which shall be applied as soon as the concrete is finished. In residence districts, sidewalks shall be four feet wide on all streets which are 50 feet wide between property lines. Sidewalks shall be five feet wide on all streets which are 60 feet wide or more. In business districts, the sidewalks shall extend from the curb to the property line. Transverse contraction joints shall be installed at each junction with a driveway and at a minimum of five-foot intervals. Transverse expansion joints shall be installed at a minimum of forty-foot intervals, using a one-half-inch-thick premolded asphaltic joint filler of standard make.
Grades. On all streets, highways or avenues in subdivisions which are under Planning Board control, the subdivider shall provide complete engineering plans, elevations referred to mean sea-level datum and construction engineering for curbs and sidewalks subject to approval of the Borough Engineer, in writing, on one copy of the approved plans. No concrete shall be poured for curbs until the Borough Engineer has checked the forms for alignment and grade. All sidewalks shall be laid on a transverse grade line sloping upward 1/4 inch per foot from the top of curb. Sidewalks constructed on streets, highways or avenues which already have sidewalks nearby shall be aligned and graded to conform to existing grades, avoiding steps or other breaks hazardous to pedestrians. All sidewalks constructed on new streets, highways or avenues shall be located one foot away from the property line. Top of curb grades shall be even with the finished grade of the opposite center line of the street, highway or avenue on streets, highways or avenues having roadways which are from 25 feet to 35 feet in width; one inch below on streets, highways or avenues having roadways from 35 feet to 45 feet in width; and two inches below center line of roadways from 45 feet to 60 feet in width. On all streets, highways or avenues which have been officially dedicated and accepted for maintenance as public streets, highways or avenues, the local governing body shall furnish the property owner with a stakeout for grade and alignment to conform to official grades of the street, highway or avenue in a manner to make each unit constructed conform to the existing curbs and sidewalks. On all streets, highways or avenues which have been dedicated by the filing of a record map in the County Clerk's office after approval by the local governing body, and said streets, highways or avenues have been accepted for maintenance by the local governing body, the property owner or owners, hereby known as "applicants," shall at their own expense furnish the Borough Engineer with complete engineering surveys of existing roads, curbs, sidewalks or natural ground between adjacent block corners, together with duplicate plans and profiles referred to mean sea-level datum, Coast and Geodetic Survey, of the proposed construction. On streets, highways or avenues which are unimproved, the standards for construction outlined in Chapter 87, Subdivision and Site Plan Review, shall apply. Upon approval of the plans by the Borough Engineer, the applicants shall at their own expense have a licensed engineer lay out the construction work for line and grade of curbs and sidewalks. No concrete shall be poured until the Borough Engineer has checked the concrete forms for alignment and grade.
Curb openings. The top of the curb may be lowered four inches from the normal top level for a distance of 16 feet plus warping connections to the standard curb, to serve as a connection with the street paving where a driveway is needed by the property owner for off-street vehicle parking. One such opening shall be permitted for each residential lot 99 feet or less, and two for lots greater than 99 feet. Each property owner may have one sixteen-foot opening unless there is a capacity for off-street parking of five or more vehicles, when two openings may be made. Special cases of large parking area openings shall be governed by Planning Board recommendations. Entrances to gasoline service stations in business areas shall be 36 feet for entrance and exit and shall conform to New Jersey State Highway standards.
Embankment. Curbs which are constructed on streets where the original grade of the unimproved ground between the curb and the property line shall have an embankment constructed of stable earth to the same transverse slope from the property line to the top of the curb connected to back up the standing portion of the curb.
A property owner requesting the Borough to furnish grades on a public street, highway or avenue which has been accepted for maintenance shall deposit a check for $0.25 per foot of curb, or a minimum of $25, with the Borough Clerk when the request for curb grades is made. Construction of the proposed sidewalk or curb shall be completed within 60 days of the stakeout furnished by the Borough Engineer or the full deposit shall be forfeited by the applicant. Upon satisfactory completion of the construction of the curb and sidewalk, certified by the Borough Engineer to the Borough Clerk, the deposit shall be refunded.
A copy of the sidewalk and curb construction standards is attached hereto and made a part hereof and there shall be strict compliance therewith.
Editor's Note: Said standards are on file in the Borough offices.
The terms and provisions of this article concerning the construction of sidewalks and curbing and deposits required herein shall not be applicable to lots, parcels or lands governed by the ordinance and amendments thereto relating to original subdivisions, the completion and improvements therein being guaranteed by the land subdivision provisions, together with all its amendments. However, the construction requirements shall be complied with by any and all persons, corporations, associations or partnerships contemplating and constructing curbing and sidewalks.
Any person who violates any provision of this article shall, upon conviction, be subject for each and every violation to a fine of not more than $500 or be imprisoned in the Bergen County Jail for a period not to exceed 90 days, or both, at the discretion of the Municipal Judge or other proper judicial officer before whom complaint shall be made under this article.
[Added 9-14-1993 by Ord. No. 93-14]
Moneys contributed by applicants for waivers of sidewalk requirements in accordance with § 87-8 of the Code of the Borough of Park Ridge shall be placed in a separate account known as "In Lieu of Sidewalk Improvement Fund" to be utilized by the Mayor and Council at their discretion for the improvement of existing sidewalks and the construction of new sidewalks in the Borough.