[Amended 10-21-2003 by Ord. No. 1131]
The Highway Committee or the Borough Engineer or their authorized assistants shall periodically inspect the sidewalks and curbs within the Borough and shall order the necessary repairs as hereinafter provided in this Part 1.
[Added 5-21-2014 by Ord. No. 1-2014]
Any new sidewalk constructed after the passage of this section, or any present sidewalk repaired to an extent of 10% of the length thereof on any one property, shall confirm to the following specifications:
Width of paved portion. The paved portion of any sidewalk, providing that the width of the street permits, shall be not less than four feet in width.
Obstructing. The full width of any sidewalk from fence line to curbline shall remain unobstructed unless special privilege is secured form the Borough Council and/or the Shade Tree Commission.
Grading. The grade of the sidewalks, regardless of material of construction, shall have a uniform pitch of 1/4 inch to the foot toward the curbline or street, except where the physical conditions alter the situation, and in such case, modifications must first be approved by the Borough Code Official or Borough Engineer.
Materials for paved portion. The materials for the paved portion of sidewalks may be concrete, flagstone, bricks/pavers, provided that the alignment, grade, construction and ingredients correspond to the provisions of this section. In all cases where the subgrade shall be of a clay or spongy nature, there shall be an additional excavation to a depth of four inches below the base of the improved pavement and the spaces shall be filled and well tamped with sand or cinders.
Concrete sidewalks shall be at least four inches in thickness, composed of what is known as the one-course 1-2-4 mix; namely, one equal part by volume of cement to two equal parts by volume of good clean sand, to four equal parts by volume of crushed rock, pebbles or slag; these ingredients shall be well mixed in a dry condition and then sufficient water added to obtain the desired consistency and the mixing continued until the materials are uniformly distributed and the mass homogenous and uniform in color. The concrete shall be of such consistency that when placed in the forms and tamped, there will be no voids when the forms are removed.
The concrete shall be placed in the forms for full thickness of the pavement in the one-course type and finished with a steel trowel. No topping or plastering will be permitted.
Expansion joints at least 1/4 inch in width shall be cut through the full thickness of the pavement every four feet to six feet. A one-half-inch tar filler shall be placed about every 30 feet.
All sidewalks shall be graded to provide adequate drainage of rainwater toward the curbline or street.
Flagstone/slate sidewalks. Each flagstone/slate shall be at least two inches thick and contain not less than eight square feet, and such stones shall be laid on a foundation of cinders, sand or crushed stone not less than five inches deep. Stones/slate shall be cut straight so that they fit properly against each other and shall be so laid as to preserve a straight line along the edges. All stone/slate shall be placed in a rich mixture of grout in order that they may hold their alignment and grade.
Brick/paver sidewalks. The earth shall be leveled at least five inches below the finished grade of the bricks/pavers and shall be well settled by ramming. A foundation shall be laid of concrete 2 1/2 inches thick, composed of one part cement, three parts clean sand and five parts of broken stone, pebbles or slag (by volume), and brought to a good, even grade. After this has set, 1/2 inch of sand shall then be laid over the surface. The bricks/pavers, not less than two inches thick of good, hard quality, shall be laid upon this foundation, with all interstices filled with a good grout mixture. The stratum of bricks/pavers along each edge of the walk shall be laid on edge lengthwise or on end, forming a border and preserving a straight line along both edges of the pavement, and the concrete foundations shall extend for the full width of the pavement, including the edges.
Accepted good practice generally. Workmanship in the preparation and installation of any and all of the materials referred to in this section shall conform to generally accepted good practices. Specific provisions of this section shall not be deemed to suspend any requirements of good practices, but shall be regarded as supplementing or emphasizing them and shall be controlling.
New practices and techniques. Wherever and whenever any of the specifications set forth in this section shall become outmoded by modern practices or techniques, or whenever they shall fall below the standards in use at the time of any new sidewalk construction or installation, the modern standards, practices and techniques shall be controlling.
At the February meeting of each year, the Borough Council shall receive such bids at it deems necessary for the furnishing of all materials and labor for the construction, repair or alteration, as directed by the Highway Committee or the Borough Engineer, of any sidewalk or curb within the Borough for the ensuing year.
Upon certification of the Chairman of the Highway Committee or the Borough Engineer to the Borough Secretary, in writing, said Secretary shall notify the last known property owner and/or the occupant of the premises, by service of notice by police officer, posting the premises or placing in a United States Post Office by registered mail, to repair or construct any curb, sidewalk or driveway entrance within 30 days of the date of said notice. At any time after the expiration date of said notice, the Chairman of the Highway Committee shall order the contractor, as outlined in § 180-13, to proceed with the work.
Upon certification of the Chairman of the Highway Committee or the Borough Engineer of the completion of the work ordered, the Borough Secretary shall bill the property owner in the quantities and amounts so certified, by registered mail, upon a form prescribed by the Borough Council.
Upon failure to pay such bill within 60 days after the date thereof, the Borough Solicitor shall place a municipal lien upon said property.
Any property owner may appeal any action of the Chairman of the Highway Committee or the Borough Engineer to the Borough Council, provided that such appeal is received in writing within the time prescribed in § 180-14 of this article.
The Chairman of the Highway Committee shall be authorized to make emergency necessary repairs to any sidewalk, at a cost of not more than $100, in default of the property owner or occupant making such repairs, upon a forty-eight-hour notice, either orally or in writing, when the public safety is endangered. Such repairs and the cost thereof shall be assessed as provided in § 180-15 of this article.