Village of Great Neck Plaza, NY
Nassau County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
Plumbing, heating, electrical, ventilation, air-conditioning, refrigerating, cooking, fire protection and radiation protection equipment, elevators, dumbwaiters, escalators, buzzers, bells and communicators and other mechanical additions, installations or systems for the use of the building shall be maintained in proper working order. Such equipment shall be installed, located and maintained so that, under normal conditions of use, the equipment and systems will not be a danger to health or welfare, a danger because of structural defect or a source of ignition or a radiation hazard and will not create excessive noise or otherwise become a nuisance. Equipment and systems include, but are not limited to, apparatus, devices, fixtures, piping, pipe hangers, pipe covering, wiring, fittings and materials used as part of, or in connection with, such installations.
[Amended 5-15-1973 by L.L. No. 9-1973; 11-16-1977 by L.L. No. 21-1977]
B. 
Equipment and systems subject to damage from freezing shall be adequately protected from freezing.
C. 
Moving parts of equipment which may be a potential hazard shall be guarded to protect against accidental contact.
A. 
Plumbing systems shall be maintained in sanitary and serviceable condition and be free of leaks.
[Amended 10-5-1977 by L.L. No. 12-1977]
B. 
Plumbing systems shall be maintained so as not to weaken structural members nor cause damage or deterioration to any part of the building through fixture usage.
A. 
Potable water from an approved source shall be available at all times in residential buildings and buildings of mixed occupancy. The domestic water supply system of the building shall be connected to such approved source and shall not be subject to contamination. When supplied from a public source, the potable water supply system shall not be connected to private or unsafe water supplies.
[Amended 11-19-1997 by L.L. No. 8-1997]
B. 
Water supply systems shall be installed and maintained so as to provide at all times a supply of water to plumbing fixtures, devices and appurtenances in sufficient volume and at pressures adequate to enable them to function satisfactorily and without undue noise under all normal conditions of use.
C. 
Water supply systems shall be installed and maintained so that water used for purposes of cooling or heating shall not be reintroduced into the domestic water supply system nor be distributed through such equipment to plumbing fixtures.
D. 
Hot-water supply systems shall be provided with safety devices arranged to relieve hazardous pressures and excessive temperatures.
A. 
Plumbing fixtures shall be drained to a sewage drainage system, and such system shall be connected to a public sewer.
B. 
Substances which will clog the pipes, produce explosive mixtures, destroy the pipes or their joints or interfere unduly with the sewage disposal process shall not be discharged into the building drainage system unless it is provided with approved devices suitable for intercepting such substances.
C. 
Each fixture directly connected to the sewage drainage system shall be equipped with a water seal trap.
D. 
Adequate cleanouts shall be provided and maintained so that the pipes may be readily cleaned.
E. 
The drainage system and its attendant vent piping shall be maintained so as to provide adequate circulation of air in all pipes in order that siphonage, aspiration or pressure will not cause a loss of trap seal under ordinary conditions of use.
F. 
Each vent terminal to the outer air shall be installed and maintained so as to minimize the possibilities of clogging, frost closure, the return of foul air to the building or the creation of a nuisance to adjacent premises.
G. 
Drains provided for fixtures, devices, appliances or apparatus containing food, water, sterile goods or similar materials shall be equipped with air breaks, adequate to prevent contamination of such contents from any possible backup of sewage through the direct or indirect drainage piping.
A. 
Roofs and paved areas, including yards, terraces and courts, shall be drained. Storm drainage shall be conveyed to an adequate and approved system of stormwater disposal where available. Storm drains shall be discharged in such manner that water will not flow onto sidewalks.
B. 
Where a drainage system may be subject to backwater, suitable provision shall be made to prevent its overflow into the building.
C. 
Leaders and gutters, if used, shall be constructed of noncombustible material, except that wood leaders and gutters may be used for buildings not more than two stories high.
A. 
Buildings and portions thereof shall be provided with plumbing systems designed to dispose of the sewage from all fixtures and to furnish cold water to every water closet and urinal and hot and cold water to every sink, lavatory, bathtub and shower required therein. In two-family dwellings and multiple dwellings, hotels and specialized senior housing facilities, hot water shall be furnished at 130° F. to 140° F. temperature range from 6:00 a.m. to 12:00 midnight.
[Amended 11-19-1997 by L.L. No. 8-1997]
B. 
There shall be provided within each dwelling unit plumbing fixtures consisting of at least one kitchen sink, one water closet, one bathtub or shower and one lavatory, except that dwelling units in specialized senior housing facilities and hotels shall not be required to have a kitchen sink.
[Amended 11-19-1997 by L.L. No. 8-1997]
C. 
Privies, privy vaults and outhouses shall be prohibited on residential premises.
A. 
Plumbing fixtures shall be made of smooth nonabsorbent material and shall be free from concealed fouling surfaces.
B. 
Plumbing fixtures shall be so spaced as to be reasonably accessible for their intended use.
C. 
Plumbing fixtures shall be located in spaces that are accessible, lighted and ventilated.
A. 
Water supply used for filling or for cleaning of the pool shall be clean. Water supply shall be protected against potential pollution from all sources, including cross-connection and backflow.
B. 
Drains shall be provided so that the pool can be safely and adequately drained. Drains shall be provided in floors surrounding the swimming pool and arranged so that water from such areas will drain without entering the pool.
C. 
Filtering, sterilizing and auxiliary equipment, where required, shall be adequate to maintain the sanitary quality of water during each period the pool is in use. Equipment containing gases or disinfectants capable of giving off irritating, toxic or flammable fumes shall be located in ventilated rooms.
D. 
The installation shall be arranged and maintained to prevent dirt, sand or other foreign matter from entering the bathing area.
A. 
Water supply tanks shall be installed and maintained so as to be watertight, verminproof, rodentproof, resistant to corrosion and capable of withstanding the working pressures under normal operation.
B. 
Supports for tanks shall be of noncombustible construction.
C. 
Tanks and their supports shall not be used to support equipment or structures other than for tank use, except where specially designed for such other use.
D. 
Means for emptying water supply tanks shall be provided and maintained in proper working condition.
E. 
Potable water supply tanks for domestic supply and standpipe or automatic sprinkler systems shall be installed and maintained to furnish water in sufficient quantity and pressure for such systems.
A. 
General requirements.
(1) 
Fuel gas piping systems shall be installed and maintained so as to remain gastight, safe and operative under conditions of use.
(2) 
Fuel gas piping systems shall provide a supply of gas sufficient to meet the maximum expected demand of the installed gas-burning appliances connected thereto.
B. 
Shutoff valves. Gas piping systems shall have at least one accessible means for shutting off all gas supply, and such means shall be maintained in good operating condition and shall be clearly marked with a sign reading "Gas Shutoff."
C. 
Service equipment for gas supplied from utility mains. Gas services, gas meters and gas pressure regulators shall be located so that they are protected from damage. In multiple dwellings, hotels and specialized senior housing facilities, gas meters shall be located in a fire-resistant room vented directly to the outside by a permanently installed louvered ventilator. There shall be no storage of materials or equipment in the gas meter room.
[Amended 11-19-1997 by L.L. No. 8-1997]
D. 
Gas refrigerators and ranges. Gas refrigerators and ranges shall be installed with clearance for ventilation and shall be maintained in good operating condition.
E. 
High-pressure gas. Any service connection supplying gas at a pressure in excess of one pound per square inch gage shall be provided with a device to reduce such pressure to not more than 1/2 pound per square inch gage prior to entering the meter, except where such service supplies equipment using gas at high pressures.
A. 
General requirements.
[Amended 11-19-1997 by L.L. No. 8-1997]
(1) 
Residential premises intended for occupancy between the first day of November and the first day of May of the following year shall be provided with heating equipment designed to maintain a temperature of not less than 70° F. at a distance of three feet from exterior walls and at a level of five feet above the floor in habitable spaces, kitchenettes, bathrooms and toilet rooms. The capability of the heating equipment to maintain such indoor temperature shall be based on the average of the recorded annual minimum outside temperatures for the locality.
(2) 
In residential premises other than one-family dwellings, adequate heat shall be provided to maintain the indoor temperatures in habitable spaces, kitchenettes, bathrooms and toilet rooms at 70° F. when the outside temperature falls below 55° F.
B. 
Smoke control. Fuel-burning heat producing equipment shall be installed and maintained so that the emission or discharge into the atmosphere of smoke, dust, particles, odors or other products of combustion will not create a nuisance or be detrimental to the health, comfort, safety or property of any person.
C. 
Warm-air heating. Ducts and other air-handling equipment used for heating shall conform to the requirements of such equipment used for ventilating purposes. The maximum indoor temperature in habitable spaces shall not exceed 80° F. when resulting from the use of any mechanical device in place in the building in which a dwelling unit is located when the outside ambient temperature is below 70° F.
[Amended 8-4-1982 by L.L. No. 8-1982]
D. 
Prohibited locations for heat-producing equipment. Fuel-burning water heaters shall not be located in sleeping rooms, bathrooms or toilet rooms.
E. 
Fuel supply connection. Fuel-burning equipment shall be permanently fastened and connected in place. Fuel supply connection to such equipment shall be made with pipe or tubing of solid metal.
F. 
Installation and clearance. Where heat-producing equipment is installed on or adjacent to combustible materials, the location, insulation, clearance and the control of the equipment shall be such that the temperature on the surface will not exceed a safe temperature. In multiple dwellings, hotels and specialized senior housing facilities, boilers shall be located in fire-resistant rooms with a self-closing one-hour fire-rated door and vented to the exterior with permanently installed ventilating device continuously open.
[Amended 11-19-1997 by L.L. No. 8-1997]
G. 
Air supply.
(1) 
Direct-fired heat-producing equipment and the enclosure in which it is located shall be provided with a supply of air adequate both for complete combustion at the rated gross output of the equipment and for the ventilation of the enclosure to prevent the accumulation of heat.
(2) 
Rooms containing fuel-burning equipment shall have such air supply provided by means of one or more openings to the exterior.
H. 
Removal of products of combustion.
(1) 
Equipment for burning solid or liquid fuel shall be connected to suitable chimneys or flues and shall not be connected to gas vents. Unvented heaters burning liquid fuel shall be prohibited.
(2) 
The use of fuel-burning space heaters in residential dwellings is prohibited.
(3) 
Gas-fired equipment shall be connected to a suitable chimney or flue when the discharge of products of combustion into the space where the equipment is installed would be a hazard.
I. 
Safety devices.
(1) 
Equipment capable of developing hazardous pressures or temperatures shall be provided with means to relieve safely such pressures and temperatures.
(2) 
Controls for the safe operation of automatically operated heat-producing equipment shall be provided to function as follows: When failure or interruption of flame or ignition occurs, the fuel supply shall be cut off. When a predetermined temperature or pressure is exceeded, the input of additional heat shall be prevented or reduced to a safe rate. When the water level in a steam boiler drops below a predetermined level, the fuel supply shall be cut off.
J. 
Heating of garages. Fuel-burning equipment for garages servicing multiple dwellings, hotels and specialized senior housing facilities shall be located in heater rooms.
[Amended 11-19-1997 by L.L. No. 8-1997]
K. 
Fuel storage tanks servicing multiple dwellings, hotels and specialized senior housing facilities shall be maintained in a good condition free of leaks and excessive sludge accumulations. Prior to September 1 of odd-numbered years, the owners, landlord or managing agent shall cause the sludge content of each and every fuel tank servicing the heating unit or units of a multiple dwelling, hotel and specialized senior housing facility to be measured by a qualified testing company and a report issued. A copy of the report stating the amount of sludge accumulation in any tank shall be submitted to the Building Inspector by September 15 of each odd-numbered year. If the sludge accumulation at the bottom of any tank measures six inches or more in depth, the landlord, owner or managing agent must cause the sludge to be removed and submit to the Building Inspector satisfactory proof that the fuel storage tank has been cleaned of sludge. Such proof must be submitted to the Building Inspector no later than October 15 of each odd-numbered year. For the calendar year 1977, the report shall be submitted to the Building Inspector by November 15.
[Added 10-19-1977 by L.L. No. 19-1977; amended 11-19-1997 by L.L. No. 8-1997]
A. 
General requirements.
(1) 
Chimneys, flues and their supports shall be installed and maintained so as to be structurally safe, durable, smoketight, noncombustible and capable of withstanding the action of flue gases without softening, cracking, corroding or spalling.
(2) 
Such facilities shall effectively convey the products of combustion to the outer air.
(3) 
Masonry chimneys shall have noncombustible foundations.
(4) 
Flue linings shall be capable of withstanding the action of flue gas without softening, cracking, corroding or spalling at the temperature to which they will be subjected.
(5) 
Openings for smoke-pipe connections shall be provided with means for easy connection without restriction of flue.
(6) 
No flue shall have smoke-pipe connections in more than one story of a building.
(7) 
Fuel-burning equipment and fireplaces shall not be connected to the same flue.
B. 
Fire safety. Chimneys and flues shall be installed and maintained so that, under conditions of use, the temperature of any combustible material adjacent thereto, insulated therefrom or in contact therewith does not exceed a safe temperature.
C. 
Spark arresters. A chimney or flue connected to an incinerator and a chimney or flue which may emit sparks shall be provided with a spark arrester of noncombustible construction. Spark arresters shall have sufficient total clear area to permit unrestricted passage of flue gases. The horizontal plates or screens of said arrester must be at least 24 inches above the top of the flue or chimney. Openings in spark arresters shall be of such size as to prevent passage of embers and to minimize clogging by soot.
[1]
Editor's Note: Former § 124-34, Incinerators, was repealed 11-19-1997 by L.L. No. 8-1997.
A. 
General requirements.
(1) 
Electrical wiring and equipment shall be installed in conformity with generally accepted standards and maintained so as to be a potential source of ignition of combustible material or a potential source of electrical hazard. All electrical wiring shall be encased in a metal sheath.
(2) 
Electrical wiring and equipment shall be firmly secured to the surface on which it is mounted.
(3) 
Electrical wiring and equipment installed in damp or wet locations or where exposed to explosive or flammable gases or to excessive temperatures shall be of a type approved for the purpose and location.
(4) 
Electrical wiring and equipment shall be protected against excessive current by properly rated overcurrent devices.
(5) 
Electrical wiring and equipment shall be grounded or otherwise protected by insulation, isolation or guarding so as to minimize the danger of high voltages from lightning or other causes.
(6) 
Electrical equipment which in ordinary operation produces arcs or sparks shall be enclosed unless separated and isolated from all combustible material.
(7) 
Service equipment and overcurrent protection devices shall be installed and maintained in a readily accessible location.
B. 
Artificial lighting.
(1) 
Residential buildings and occupancies shall be wired for electricity, and lighting equipment shall be installed throughout to provide adequate illumination for the intended use of each space. Electric wiring system shall be connected to an adequate source of supply.
(2) 
There shall be a switch or other means for controlling a light in each dwelling unit near the point of entrance to such unit.
C. 
Exit and directional signs.
(1) 
Exits in multiple dwellings, hotels and specialized senior housing facilities shall be provided with exit and directional signs, visible from the approach to the exits.
[Amended 11-19-1997 by L.L. No. 8-1997]
(2) 
Directional signs shall be provided at locations from which the exit doorway is not readily discernible.
(3) 
Such signs shall be worded in plainly legible block letters with the word EXIT for exit signs and the words TO EXIT, with a suitable pointer or arrow indicating the direction of exit, for directional signs. Letters for signs shall be conspicuous, readily discernible and at least six inches high except that for internally illuminated signs the height of such letters shall be at least 4 1/2 inches.
(4) 
Exit and directional signs shall be illuminated either externally or internally by electric lights and shall be kept illuminated at all times when the building is occupied.
[Amended 11-16-1977 by L.L. No. 20-1977; amended 11-19-1997 by L.L. No. 8-1997]
Each dwelling unit, except those in hotels and specialized senior housing facilities, shall be provided with appropriate cooking and refrigeration equipment. Whenever cooking and refrigeration equipment is required to be provided or is in fact provided in any dwelling unit, including in hotels and senior citizen facilities, it shall satisfy the following standards:
A. 
Cooking and refrigeration equipment shall be maintained in good operating condition.
B. 
Gas-burning cooking equipment shall be permanently fastened and connected in place. Gas supply connection to such equipment shall be made with pipe or tubing of solid metal.
C. 
Solid-fuel-burning cooking equipment shall be appropriately vented.
D. 
The refrigeration compartment of refrigeration equipment shall be capable of being maintained at a minimum temperature of 33° F. and a maximum temperature of 43° F. The freezer compartment of refrigeration equipment shall be capable of being maintained at a maximum temperature of 10° F.
A. 
Exhaust air from a dwelling unit shall not be circulated to another dwelling unit.
B. 
Ducts shall be securely fastened in place and appropriately firestopped.
A. 
Refrigerants.
(1) 
Refrigerants that are highly flammable shall not be used in multiple dwellings, hotels and specialized senior housing facilities.
[Amended 11-19-1997 by L.L. No. 8-1997]
(2) 
Direct systems using refrigerants that are flammable or toxic shall not be used for air-conditioning purposes.
B. 
Ventilating systems.
(1) 
Ventilating systems shall be installed and maintained so that the rapid spread of heat, flame or smoke through the systems will be prevented and so that, under conditions of use, the temperature of any combustible material adjacent thereto, or in contact therewith, will not exceed a safe temperature.
(2) 
Stairways, passageways, exits, shafts, hoistways or attics shall not be used as plenum chambers.
(3) 
Ducts shall be securely fastened in place and appropriately firestopped.
(4) 
Duets and other air-handling equipment shall be of noncombustible material.
(5) 
Filters shall be installed and maintained so as not to constitute a fire or smoke hazard.
(6) 
Ducts passing through or located within combustible construction shall be separated from such construction by a clearance of at least 1/2 inch or by a noncombustible insulating material at least 1/4 inch thick.
(7) 
Air required for ventilation shall be taken from the exterior or shall be quality-controlled.
(8) 
Exhaust air from a dwelling unit or a space whose contents may emit odors, fumes or vapors shall not be circulated to other occupied spaces within the building.
C. 
Air intake and exhaust openings.
(1) 
Air intake and exhaust openings shall be installed, located and maintained so as not to constitute a hazard or nuisance and so as to prevent the possibility of fire, smoke, fumes or foreign matter being drawn into the system.
(2) 
Ventilating systems shall be provided with adequate openings for incoming and outgoing air to obtain the required circulation. Intake openings shall provide air from an uncontaminated source.
(3) 
Where openings for mechanical exhaust are located in spaces that also contain fuel-burning equipment, there shall be provided fixed intake openings from the exterior to supply sufficient air so that the fuel-burning equipment is not adversely affected.
(4) 
Exhaust openings shall be located so that the exhaust air will not create a nuisance.
D. 
Ventilation requirements.
(1) 
Enclosures or spaces where heat, gases, vapor or odors may accumulate and become a potential source of hazard or nuisance shall be provided with adequate means of ventilation to remove such excess.
(2) 
Public spaces shall be provided with means for obtaining air supply for the maximum number of persons for which such spaces are designed.
E. 
Safety controls.
(1) 
Manually operated controls shall be provided to stop the operation of all central fan equipment. Such controls shall be conspicuously identified and in readily accessible locations outside the fan room.
(2) 
Every system using recirculated air and serving an assembly space or more than one fire area or more than one story of a building shall be provided with controls arranged so that under abnormal rise in temperature of the air in the system the fans causing normal circulation shall stop and require manual restart.
(3) 
Every system for ventilating an assembly space shall be provided with an emergency switch conveniently located and with a durable sign giving instructions for shutting down the system in case of fire.
F. 
Location of operating equipment. All condensers, compressors, fans, air handlers and allied equipment for all air-conditioning systems (except self-contained window units) shall be located on the roof of multiple dwellings, hotels and specialized senior housing facilities or in another location approved by the Superintendent of Buildings.
[Amended 11-19-1997 by L.L. No. 8-1997]
A. 
General requirements. Fuel oil shall be received, stored and conveyed by means of fixed liquidtight equipment.
B. 
Storage tanks.
(1) 
Tanks shall be provided with means for venting.
(2) 
Tanks shall be installed and maintained so as not to be a hazard to the premises served or the surrounding property.
(3) 
No fuel oil solvents, additives or thinners shall be stored in the boiler room.
C. 
Piping.
(1) 
Automatically operated boilers and furnaces using fuel oil shall be provided with remote control to stop the flow of oil during fire or other emergency.
(2) 
Filling, emptying and venting of tanks shall be by means of fixed piping. Pipes to underground tanks shall be pitched toward tanks. Terminals of fill and vent pipes shall be located outside buildings at a safe distance from building openings.
(3) 
No piping having any plastic components shall be used in the boiler room.
A. 
Fire alarm systems. Required fire alarm systems shall be maintained in proper operating condition at all times.
B. 
Sprinkler equipment.
(1) 
Required sprinkler equipment shall be maintained in proper operating condition at all times. Storage of materials shall cause minimum interference to effective discharge of water.
(2) 
Valves controlling water supply to sprinklers shall be secured in the open position.
(3) 
Sprinkler heads shall be maintained free of corrosion and paint.
C. 
Standpipe systems.
(1) 
Standpipe systems shall be maintained in proper operating condition at all times.
(2) 
Gate valves at hose stations shall be maintained tight against leaks.
(3) 
Hose shall be in proper position ready for operation, dry and free of deterioration.
D. 
Portable extinguishers.
(1) 
Each oil burner for boiler, furnace or central hot-water heater shall be provided with an approved Class B hand fire extinguisher.
(2) 
Portable extinguishers required for fire protection shall be in their designated locations and in a condition which will permit efficient operation without delay.
(3) 
Each incinerator room shall be provided with an approved Class A hand fire extinguisher.
A. 
Elevators, dumbwaiters and escalators shall be maintained so as to be free from physical and fire hazards.
B. 
Elevator and power-operated dumbwaiter cars shall be provided with durable signs in conspicuous locations on which the rated capacity shall be indicated.
C. 
Elevator cars shall be provided with approved means for transmitting a signal outside the hoistway in case of emergency.
D. 
Hoistways and pits shall be maintained free of refuse.
E. 
Machine rooms shall be maintained free of oil and grease and shall not be used for storage of articles or materials unnecessary for the maintenance of the elevator or dumbwaiter. Flammable liquids shall not be kept in such rooms.
F. 
No person shall at any time make any required safety device or electrical protective device inoperative, except where necessary during tests, inspections or maintenance.
G. 
If the use of said elevators or dumbwaiters is discontinued, the same shall be firestopped at each floor level and all service doors thereto shall be permanently sealed with a fire-retarding material having at least one-hour rating.
H. 
In all self-service elevators, there shall, pursuant to such regulations as are adopted by the Commissioner of Housing, be affixed and maintained a mirror which will enable persons, prior to entering such elevators, to view the inside thereof to determine whether any person is in such elevator.
[Added 8-22-1973 by L.L. No. 13-1973]
[Amended 11-19-1997 by L.L. No. 8-1997]
Every owner of a multiple dwelling, hotel and specialized senior housing facility within the village shall, with respect to each such dwelling owned by him, submit to the Commissioner of Housing between June 1 and July 1 of each year a written report as to the operating condition of the boilers, oil burners, incinerators and devices connected therewith, fire and safety equipment contained in or used in connection with said multiple dwelling, hotel and specialized senior housing facility and its appurtenances. The report shall specifically state compliance or lack of compliance and in what respect there is any failure to comply with the provisions of this Housing Code or any other ordinances which may be applicable. The reports shall be filed within 30 days after the equipment has been inspected, and it shall be made and certified by persons, firms or corporations qualified to service the equipment involved. The owner shall submit similar reports with respect to elevators and all apparatus used in connection therewith, except that such reports shall be filed semiannually on January 15 and July 15 of each year.