This revised version of the Charter ("Charter"), which has been enacted in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 99 of the General Statutes of Connecticut, as revised ("General Statutes"), is the organic law of the Town of Canton ("Town") and is intended to provide for the administration of the Town's affairs.
Matters of administration of the Town's affairs not provided for by this Charter, or not provided for by lawful resolution or ordinance adopted by the Town, shall be governed by the General Statutes and, to the extent that any existing special act of Connecticut ("special act") applicable to the Town is not inconsistent with the provision of this Charter, by said special act.
When used in this Charter, and as the context may require, the following terms and phrases shall have the meanings indicated here, except as otherwise prescribed by an applicable provision of the General Statutes:
- This term includes all Town agencies, authorities, boards, commissions and committees (including ad hoc, temporary, and advisory committees), except where the context denotes a reference to a specific body or entity only. However, the word "agency" shall not include the Board of Education, except in instances where specific reference to the Board of Education is expressly made and plainly intended.
- An elector is a United States citizen who is a bona fide resident of the Town and who is admitted to vote at Town Meetings and regular or special Town elections.
- This term refers to any natural person holding elective or appointive Town office, including whether paid or unpaid, part-time or full-time, and shall include members and alternate members of agencies.
- An ordinance is a permanent local law, municipal rule or regulation of general applicability adopted pursuant to a delegation of power from the state under the provisions of General Statutes §§ 7-148 and 7-157, as revised.
- This term includes any natural person, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association or other entity.
- A petition is a written document presenting a request or demand by a designated number of electors and/or voters on a form prescribed by the Town Clerk and signed as prescribed by the General Statutes.
- PUBLICATION OF NOTICE
- Publication of notice is the provision to the public of a copy of an announcement, notice, call of a meeting, report, ordinance, or other official document. Except as otherwise required in this Charter or by law, the copy of the document may be provided in any of the following ways: (a) by publication in a newspaper having circulation in the Town, (b) by publication on the Town's website, (c) by posting the document at a place or places accessible to the public, as the Board of Selectmen may designate, or (d) by publication in such other manner as the General Statutes may require. Alternatively, publication may be made, as allowed by General Statutes, by provision of a summary of the document authorized by the Board of Selectmen, including a statement that the official text of the document is available for inspection at the office of the Town Clerk or, upon request, by mail.
- SPECIAL ACT
- This term refers to legislation enacted by the state's General Assembly which applies to a specific situation or designated set of circumstances, rather than law having general application.
- This term refers to the Town of Canton as a geographical and political entity and, unless the context indicates otherwise, including all political subdivisions and agencies, including the Board of Education.
- TOWN MEETING
- The Town Meeting is the form of government, existing in the Town, in which certain authority for administration of the Town's business and affairs is held by the electors of the Town, convened in a formal meeting, at which issues are decided and voted upon in accordance with a Charter allowed by and conforming to the General Statutes of the state. When used in this document, the term generally refers to such meetings of the electors, duly called, whether for an Annual Town Meeting to act upon matters generally, an Annual Budget Meeting to act upon a budget for the Town, or, when necessary, a Special Town Meeting to act upon specific issues requiring attention before the next Annual Town Meeting.
- A voter is a natural person entitled to vote at Town Meetings but not at regular or special Town elections as specified in General Statutes § 7-6 as may be revised from time to time.