Village of Ridgefield Park, NJ
Bergen County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Commissioners of the Village of Ridgefield Park 8-14-2001 by Ord. No. 01-09. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Boards and commissions — See Ch. 23.
Zoning — See Ch. 96.
Numbering of buildings — See Ch. 139.
Certificate of compliance — See Ch. 153.
Fair share housing — See Ch. 172.
Building Department fees — See Ch. 177.
Flood hazard areas — See Ch. 193.
Sewers — See Ch. 312.
Signs — See Ch. 316.
Stormwater control — See Ch. 327.
Trees and shrubs — See Ch. 368.
096Aa Checklist for Required Submissions
These rules, regulations and standards shall be considered the minimum requirements for the protection of the public health, safety and welfare of the citizens of the Village. Any action taken under the terms of this chapter shall give primary consideration to the welfare of the entire community. These rules and regulations shall deal with the administration and composition of the Board of Adjustment and the Planning Board and regulate the use of land and buildings in the Village of Ridgefield Park and are enacted in order to promote and protect the public health, safety, morals and general welfare of the people. This chapter shall be known as the "Development Regulations of the Village of Ridgefield Park" and shall be read contemporaneously with the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 96) of the Village of Ridgefield Park.
All provisions of this chapter may be amended in accordance with applicable laws.
No appeals shall be made to the governing body of the Village of Ridgefield Park from any decision of the Board of Adjustment or Planning Board.
A. 
Establishment and composition.
(1) 
A Board of Adjustment is hereby established pursuant to N.J.S.A. 40:55D-69 et seq., consisting of seven regular members who shall be residents of the Village appointed by the Board of Commissioners to serve for terms of four years from January 1 of the year of their appointment. The terms of the members first appointed shall be so determined that, to the greatest practicable extent, the expiration of such terms shall be distributed evenly over the first four years after their appointment, provided that the initial term of no member shall exceed four years. Thereafter, the term of each member shall be for four years. Nothing in this chapter shall, however, be construed to affect the term of any present member of the Zoning Board of Adjustment, all of whom shall continue in office until the completion of the term for which they were appointed. There shall also be appointed by the Board of Commissioners two residents of the Village who shall serve as alternate members of the Board for a term of two years each. The alternate members first appointed shall be appointed one for one year and the other for two years, with each term thereafter being for two years. Alternate members shall, at the time of their appointment, be designated as "Alternate No. 1" and "Alternate No. 2." Alternate members may participate in discussions of the proceedings but may not vote except in the absence or disqualification of a regular member. A vote shall not be delayed in order that a regular member may vote instead of an alternate member. In the event that a choice must be made as to which alternate member is to vote, Alternate No. 1 shall vote.
(2) 
No member of the Board of Adjustment may hold any elective office or position in the Village.
(3) 
A vacancy occurring otherwise than by expiration of the term shall be filled for the unexpired term only.
B. 
Board of Adjustment authority.
(1) 
No variance or other relief may be granted under the provisions of this section unless granted without substantial detriment to the public good and without substantially impairing the intent and purpose of the Zone Plan and Zoning Ordinance.
(2) 
The Board of Adjustment shall have powers to:
(a) 
Hear and decide appeals where it is alleged by the appellant that there is error in any order, requirement, decision or refusal made by an administrative officer based on or made in the enforcement of the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 96).
(b) 
Hear and decide requests for interpretation of the Zoning Map or Ordinance or for decisions upon which such Board is authorized to pass by any zoning or official map ordinance in accordance with this Act.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: References to "this Act" are to N.J.S.A. 40:55D-1 et seq., the Municipal Land Use Law.
(c) 
Hardship and use variances.
[1] 
Where, by reason of exceptional narrowness, shallowness or shape of a specific piece of property, or by reason of exceptional topographic conditions or physical features uniquely affecting a specific piece of property, or by reason of an extraordinary and exceptional situation uniquely affecting a specific piece of property or the structures lawfully existing thereon, the strict application of any regulation pursuant to Article 8 of this Act would result in peculiar and exceptional practical difficulties to or exceptional and undue hardship upon the developer of such property, grant, upon an application or an appeal relating to such property, a variance from such strict application of such regulation so as to relieve such difficulties or hardship; or
[2] 
Where, in an application or appeal relating to a specific piece of property, the purposes of this Act would be advanced by a deviation from the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 96) requirements and the benefits of the deviation would substantially outweigh any detriment, grant a variance to allow departure from regulations pursuant to Article 8 of this Act; provided, however, that the fact that a proposed use is an inherently beneficial use shall not be dispositive of a decision on a variance under this subsection, and provided that no variance from those departures enumerated in Subsection B(2)(d) of this section shall be granted under this subsection, and provided, further, that the proposed development does not require approval by the Planning Board of a subdivision, site plan or conditional use, in conjunction with which the Planning Board has power to review a request for a variance pursuant to subsection a. of Section 47 of this Act.
(d) 
Variance to allow departure from regulations.
[1] 
In particular cases for special reasons, grant a variance to allow departure from regulations pursuant to Article 8 of this Act to permit:
[a] 
A use or principal structure in a district restricted against such use or principal structure;
[b] 
An expansion of a nonconforming use;
[c] 
Deviation from a specification or standard pursuant to Section 54 of P.L. 1975, c. 291 (N.J.S.A. 40:55D-67) pertaining solely to a conditional use;
[d] 
An increase in the permitted floor area ratio as defined in Section 3.1 of P.L. 1975, c. 291 (N.J.S.A. 40:55D-4);
[e] 
An increase in the permitted density as defined in Section 3.1 of P.L. 1975, c. 291 (N.J.S.A. 40:55D-4), except as applied to the required lot area for a lot or lots for detached one- or two-dwelling-unit buildings, which lot or lots are either an isolated undersized lot or lots resulting from a minor subdivision; or
[f] 
A height of a principal structure which exceeds by 10 feet or 10% the minimum height permitted in the district for a principal structure.
[2] 
A variance under this subsection shall be granted only by affirmative vote of at least five members, in the case of a municipal board, or 2/3 of the full authorized membership, in the case of a regional board, pursuant to Article 10 of this Act.
(e) 
If an application for development requests one or more variances but not a variance for a purpose enumerated in Subsection B(2)(d) of this section, the decision on the requested variance or variances shall be rendered under Subsection B(2)(c) of this section.
(f) 
No variance or other relief may be granted under the terms of this section, including a variance or other relief involving an inherently beneficial use, without a showing that such variance or other relief can be granted without substantial detriment to the public good and will not substantially impair the intent and purpose of the Zone Plan and Zoning Ordinance. In respect to any airport safety zones delineated under the Air Safety and Zoning Act of 1983, P.L. 1983, c. 260 (N.J.S.A. 6:1-80 et seq.), no variance or other relief may be granted under the terms of this section permitting the creation or establishment of a nonconforming use which would be prohibited under standards promulgated pursuant to that act except upon issuance of a permit by the Commissioner of Transportation. An application under this section may be referred to any appropriate person or agency for its report, provided that such reference shall not extend the period of time within which the Zoning Board of Adjustment shall act.
C. 
Appeals and applications.
(1) 
Appeals to the Board of Adjustment may be taken by any interested party within 20 days of the action by the officer from whom the appeal is taken. Three copies of the notice shall be filed with the Secretary of the Board of Adjustment, specifying the grounds for the appeal. The officer from whom the appeal is taken shall transmit to the Board all the papers constituting the record.
(2) 
Applications to the Board of Adjustment without prior application to an administrative officer shall be filed with the Secretary of the Zoning Board of Adjustment. Three copies of the application shall be filed along with all plot plans, maps or other papers required by this chapter or rule of the Board of Adjustment.
(3) 
An appeal stays all proceedings unless the officer from whom the appeal is taken certifies to the Board of Adjustment that, by reason of facts stated in the certificate, a stay would, in his opinion, cause imminent peril to life or property. In such cases, proceedings shall not be stayed otherwise than by a restraining order, which may be granted by the Board of Adjustment or by the Superior Court of New Jersey on application or notice to the officer from whom the appeal is taken and on due cause shown.
(4) 
Any application may be referred to any person or agency for its report, provided such reference shall not extend the period of time within which the Board of Adjustment shall act.
D. 
Power to reverse or modify decisions. The Board of Adjustment may reverse or affirm, wholly or partly, or may modify the order, requirement, decision or determination appealed from, and make such order, requirement, decision or determination as ought to be made and, to that end, have all the powers of the administrative officer from whom the appeal was taken.
E. 
Time for decision. Unless a longer period is consented to by the applicant, the Board of Adjustment shall render its decision not later than 120 days after the date an appeal is taken from the decision of an administrative officer or no later than 120 days after the submission of a complete application for development without prior applications to an administrative officer. If the developer elects to submit separate consecutive applications for a use variance followed by other subdivision, site plan or conditional use approvals, the aforesaid provision shall apply to the application for approval of the use variance. The period for granting or denying any subsequent approval(s) shall be as otherwise provided in this chapter. Failure of the Board to render a decision within the period prescribed or within such further time as may be consented to by the applicant shall constitute a decision favorable to the applicant.
F. 
Expiration of a variance. In the granting of hardship and use variances, a time limit of one year from the date of the variance approval shall be set, within which time the owner shall secure a building permit; otherwise, the variance granted shall be null and void. The approving authority may, for good cause shown, extend the period for securing a building permit for an additional period not exceeding six months.
All requirements of this chapter shall be met at the time of any erection, enlargement, moving or change in use.
A. 
Before any permit shall be issued for a conditional use, application shall be made to the Planning Board as the approving authority, which shall grant or deny the application after public hearing within 95 days of submission of a complete application to the Administrative Officer or within such further time as may be consented to by the applicant. Notice of the hearing shall include reference to all matters being heard, including site plan and/or subdivision, and the approving authority shall review and approve or deny the subdivision or site plan simultaneously with the conditional use application. Failure of the approving authority to act within the required time period shall constitute approval of the application. In reviewing the application, the approving authority shall review the number of employees or users of the property and the requirements set forth in this chapter and shall give due consideration to elements which would affect the public health, welfare, safety, comfort and convenience, such as but not limited to the proposed use(s), the character of the area, vehicular travel patterns and access, pedestrianways, landscaping, lighting, signs, drainage, sewage treatment, potable water supply, utilities and structural location(s) and orientation(s). Each conditional use shall be considered as an individual case. In all requests for approval of conditional uses, the burden of proof shall be on the applicant even though a conditional use shall be a permitted use in the district in which it is located. Conditional uses shall require site plan approval. Prior to making its decision, the approval authority shall be satisfied the conditional use is reasonably necessary for the convenience of the public in the location proposed.
B. 
In approving a conditional use, a time limit of one year from the date of the approval shall be set, within which time the owner shall secure a building permit; otherwise, the approval shall be null and void. The approving authority may, for good cause shown, extend the period for securing a building permit for an additional period not exceeding six months.
This chapter shall take effect upon final passage, publication and filing with the County Planning Board.
The developer shall, at the time of filing a submission, pay the following nonrefundable fees to the Village by certified check or bank money order. Proposals involving more than one use shall pay a fee equaling the sum of the fees for the component elements of the plat. Proposals requiring a combination of approvals, such as subdivision, site plan and/or a variance, shall pay a fee totaling the full fee of the approval with the highest fee, plus 1/2 the fee of the next-highest approval required and nothing for additional approvals. In the event the costs for reviewing major subdivisions and site plans exceed the following fees, the Village may require additional deposits in the amounts not to exceed 50% of the initial deposit for each additional deposit. In a development application which involves a substantial amount of review by the Village Engineer and other officials of the municipality, the developer and the approving authority may agree to some alternate fee and method of payment in addition to the minimum fee set forth below, provided said total fees are sufficient to cover municipal costs. (NOTE: See also §§ 96A-9 and 96A-11.)
A. 
Subdivision, including clustered single-family dwelling proposal.
[Amended 9-25-2007 by Ord. No. 07-07; 11-27-2007 by Ord. No. 07-08]
(1) 
Informal plat: $35.
(2) 
Preliminary plat: $200 for R-1 and R-2 Zones; $500 for all other zones.
(3) 
Final plat: $200 for R-1 and R-2 Zones; $500 for all other zones.
B. 
Site plan.
[Amended 9-25-2007 by Ord. No. 07-07; 11-27-2007 by Ord. No. 07-08]
(1) 
Informal plat: $100.
(a) 
Planned development: $1,000.
[Added 10-25-2011 by Ord. No. 2011-12]
(2) 
Preliminary site plan.
(a) 
Residential single-family and two-family units: $200.
(b) 
Residential multifamily units (three or more): $100 per unit; minimum fee: $2,000.
(c) 
Commercial/industrial and other: $500 per acre; minimum fee: $2,000.
(d) 
Freestanding or lighted signs not included in other site plans: $300.
(e) 
Planned development: $5,000.
[Added 10-25-2011 by Ord. No. 2011-12]
(3) 
Final site plan: 1/2 the preliminary site plan fee.
(a) 
Planned development: $3,000 per phase.
[Added 10-25-2011 by Ord. No. 2011-12]
C. 
Variances and other appeals.
[Amended 9-25-2007 by Ord. No. 07-07; 11-27-2007 by Ord. No. 07-08]
(1) 
Hear and decide appeals: $100.
(2) 
Conditional uses: $750.
(3) 
Interpretation of Zoning Map: $100.
(4) 
C variance.
(a) 
Single-family and two-family dwellings: $90.
(b) 
Nonresidential units and buildings consisting of three or more dwelling units: $250.
(5) 
Use variance.
(a) 
Residential: $350, plus $50 per each additional after one unit.
(b) 
Other uses: $500, plus $100 per acre.
(6) 
Building permit in conflict with Official Map or building permit for lot not related to a street: $250.
(7) 
When an application requires more than one of the above items, the applicant shall pay a separate fee for each item required.
(8) 
Additional fees shall be imposed to cover the cost of preparing a developer's agreement, if required, and all other fees charged by the Board's engineers, attorneys, planners and/or consultants which are necessary in reviewing the application. The Board may require that a sum of money be deposited in an escrow account to cover the anticipated cost of its professionals, with any remaining amounts to be refunded to the applicant at the conclusion of the matter. The amount to be deposited shall be determined by the Board, in its sole discretion.
D. 
Preparation by the building officials of the list of property owners to be served with notices: $0.25 per name or $10, whichever is greater, for each list.
E. 
Affidavit from Village Clerk as to current status of taxes owed to the Village: $10 each.
F. 
Escrow fees.
[Added 10-25-2011 by Ord. No. 2011-12]
(1) 
In addition to the required application fees established herein, the applicant shall be required to establish one or more escrow accounts with the Village to cover the reasonable costs of professional review and consultation. Said escrow fees shall be required for informal plan, preliminary plan approval and final plan approval, subdivision and variance approval. Such escrow fees shall cover engineering, planning and legal review.
(2) 
Where consultation with experts outside the disciplines in Subsection F(1) is required due to the specific application involved, the applicant shall deposit additional escrow fees based on cost estimates or fee schedules provided by such outside experts.
(3) 
Any unused portion of the escrow deposit(s) shall be returned to the applicant. If the cost of such review services exceeds the amount of the deposit, sufficient additional funds shall be deposited before any approved site plan is returned to the applicant or advertised.
A. 
No final plat shall be approved or no building permit shall be issued for development that does not require a subdivision or site plan until all items required to be bonded (on site, off site, on tract and off tract) have either been installed and approved by the Municipal Engineer and accepted by the governing body and a maintenance guaranty has been filed and accepted by the governing body or their installation shall have been provided for by a performance guaranty accepted and approved by the governing body. No maintenance bond shall be accepted for any item which has further stages of work or which will need to be altered or reworked. Any improvements installed prior to final plat application that do not meet required standards shall be added to the performance guaranty.
B. 
The applicant shall submit the performance guaranty to the Municipal Engineer, Attorney and governing body for review and approval by resolution. Final plat submission shall not be made until the performance guaranty has been accepted and approved by the governing body. In the event that final approval is by stages or sections, the provisions of this section shall be applied by stage or section.
(1) 
The performance guaranty shall consist of a performance bond in which the developer shall be the principal and the surety shall be an acceptable surety company licensed to do business in New Jersey and/or cash or certified check, which shall be deposited with the Village Treasurer. The Treasurer shall issue a receipt for such deposits. If the improvements have not been completed in accordance with the standards or within the stipulated time but no longer than two years, the obligor and surety shall be liable thereon for the reasonable cost of completing the improvements. The Village may, either prior to or after receipt of the proceeds thereof, complete such improvements.
(2) 
The performance guaranty shall equal 120% of the cost of installing the improvements, together with a maintenance bond equal to 15% of the cost of any facilities installed prior to final plat submission. Ninety percent of this total shall be either certified check, bank money order or surety bond of a bonding company approved by and at the option of the governing body. The remaining 10% shall be certified check or bank money order payable to the Village. In the event of default, the ten-percent cash fund shall be first applied to complete the requirements, and the cash, certified check or surety bond shall thereafter be resorted to, if necessary. The Municipal Engineer's certification that the principal has satisfactorily installed the improvements or has defaulted shall be the basis for governing body action which accepts or rejects the improvements, withholds approval or extends the time allowed for installation of the improvements. As a condition or as part of any such extension, the amount of any performance guaranty shall be increased or reduced, as the case may be, to an amount not to exceed 120% of the cost of the installation as determined as of the time of the passage of the resolution.
C. 
Prior to construction, the developer shall arrange for a preconstruction conference between the developer, contractor, Municipal Engineer and Construction Official. The Municipal Engineer shall be notified by registered mail by the developer at least 72 hours in advance of the start of construction. The cost of inspections shall be the responsibility of the developer, who shall reimburse the Village for all reasonable inspection fees by submitting a certified check or bank money order to the Village Clerk. This fee shall be in addition to the amount of performance guaranty and all application fees as outlined above and shall be deposited initially in accordance with the following schedule. The funds shall be deposited in an interest-bearing account. Upon completion of the development and all inspections, the developer shall receive an accounting of the expended funds. Any unspent funds shall be returned to the developer. Should the initial deposit be insufficient to cover inspection costs, the developer shall deposit additional sums upon notice from the Village Clerk, each additional deposit being in amounts not to exceed 50% of the initial deposit:
Estimated Construction Cost
Inspection Fee
Under $5,000
$350
$5,000 to $10,000
$350 plus 5% of excess over $5,000
$10,000 to $50,000
$600 plus 4 1/2% of excess over $10,000
$50,000 to $75,000
$2,400 plus 4% of excess over $50,000
$75,000 to $100,000
$3,400 plus 3 1/2% of excess over $75,000
Over $100,000
$4,275 plus 3% of excess over $100,000
D. 
No work shall be done without permission from and inspection by the Municipal Engineer. No underground installation shall be covered until inspected and approved. The Municipal Engineer's office shall be notified after each of the following phases of the work has been completed so that he may inspect the work: road subgrade; curb and gutter forms; curbs and gutters; road paving (after each coat in the case of priming and sealing); drainage pipes and other drainage structures before backfilling; shade trees and planting strips; street name signs; and monuments.
E. 
No utility installations installed by utility companies shall be subject to the inspection requirements or bonding.
F. 
Occupancy permits will be issued only when required fire alarms, curbs, utilities, functioning water supply and sewage treatment facilities, gutters and other necessary storm drainage to ensure proper drainage of the lot and surrounding land, rough grading of lots, soil stabilization, base course for the street and driveway and the sidewalks are installed to serve the lot and structure for which the permit is requested. Streets shall not receive surface course paving until all heavy construction is completed. Shade trees shall not be planted until all grading and earthmoving is completed. Seeding of grass areas shall be the final operation.
G. 
Upon substantial completion of all required appurtenant utility improvements and the connection of same to the public system, the obligor may notify the governing body in writing, by certified mail addressed in care of the Village Clerk, of the completion or substantial completion of improvements and shall send a copy thereof to the Municipal Engineer. The Municipal Engineer shall inspect all improvements of which such notice has been given and, within 30 days of completing the inspection, shall file a detailed report in writing with the governing body, recommending either approval, partial approval or rejection of such improvements with a statement of reasons for any rejection. The cost of the improvements as approved or rejected shall be set forth.
H. 
The governing body shall either approve, partially approve or reject the improvements and shall notify the obligor by certified mail of the contents of the Municipal Engineer's report and the action of the approving authority with relation thereto not later than 65 days after receipt of the notice from the obligor of the completion of the improvements, except that no approval or partial approval shall be granted, the obligor shall be released from liability pursuant to its performance guaranty, except for that portion sufficient to secure provision of the improvements not yet approved, provided that 30% of the amount of the performance guaranty posted may be retained to ensure completion of all improvements. Failure of the governing body to send or provide such notification to the obligor within 65 days shall be deemed to constitute approval of the improvements, and the obligor and surety, if any, shall be released from all liability pursuant to such performance guaranty for such improvements.
I. 
If any portion of the required improvements are rejected, the approving authority may require the obligor to complete such improvements and, upon completion, the same procedure of notification as set forth above in this section shall be followed.
J. 
Maintenance guaranty. No improvement shall be accepted by the governing body unless and until all of the following conditions have been met:
(1) 
The Municipal Engineer shall have certified in writing that all the improvements are complete and they comply with this chapter and other applicable ordinances.
(2) 
The developer has provided a maintenance guaranty to the governing body in an amount equal to 15% of the cost of improvements and running for two years. Ninety percent of this total shall be in either certified check, bank money order or surety bond of a bonding company approved by and at the option of the governing body. The remaining 10% shall be in a certified check. The maintenance guaranty shall provide a guaranty to replace all work performed and all materials furnished found defective and make good any defects thereof which become apparent during the two-year period in addition to regular maintenance such as curb replacement and repair, cleaning out catch basins and other matters. The maintenance guaranty shall be in a form acceptable to the governing body, Municipal Engineer and Attorney. In the event that other governmental agencies or public utilities will own the utilities or that the improvements are covered by a guaranty to another governmental agency, no performance or maintenance guaranty, as the case may be, shall be required by the Village for such utilities or improvements.
(3) 
To obtain release of the maintenance bond, the developer shall, after all required maintenance has been completed, apply to the governing body in writing by certified mail, with a copy to the Municipal Engineer, for final inspection of the work. The Municipal Engineer shall, within 30 days of receipt of the request for inspection, report in writing to the governing body, indicating either approval, partial approval or rejection of the improvements with a statement of reasons for any rejection.
(4) 
The governing body shall either approve or reject the improvements and release the maintenance bond or reduce the amount of the maintenance bond or reduce the amount of the maintenance bond following the same procedures for performance bonds.
See § 96A-9, Guaranties and inspections.
A. 
No zoning permit, building permit or certificate of occupancy shall be issued where improvements to a property, sale of land, use of property or subdivision(s) were undertaken in violation of this chapter.
B. 
A zoning permit shall be issued simultaneously with or before the issuance of any building permit or certificate of occupancy. Where a building permit is issued, no zoning permit shall be required.
C. 
Any lot or building or change in use shall require a certificate of occupancy prior to its use. No certificate shall be issued unless the land, building and use comply with this chapter, all matters incorporated on the approved subdivision or site plan such as streets, drainage, parking and water and sewer service have been completed and certified by the Municipal Engineer, and the Building and Health Codes are complied with.
A. 
There is hereby established pursuant to P.L. 1975, c. 291, in the Village of Ridgefield Park, a Planning Board of nine members, consisting of the following four classes:
(1) 
Class I: the Mayor.
(2) 
Class II: one of the officials of the municipality other than a member of the governing body, to be appointed by the Mayor, provided that, if there is an Environmental Commission, the member of the Environmental Commission who is also a member of the Planning Board as required by N.J.S.A. 40:56A-1 shall be deemed to be the Class II Planning Board member if there is both a member of the Zoning Board of Adjustment and a member of the Board of Education among the Class IV or alternate members of the Planning Board.
(3) 
Class III: a member of the governing body, to be appointed by the governing body.
(4) 
Class IV: six other citizens of the municipality to be appointed as alternates, all such appointments to be made by the Mayor. The members of Class IV shall hold no other municipal office, except that one regular member may be a member of the Zoning Board of Adjustment and one may be a member of the Board of Education. A member of the Environmental Commission who is also a member of the Planning Board as required by N.J.S.A. 40:56A-1 shall be a Class IV Planning Board member unless there be among the Class IV or alternate members of the Planning Board both a member of the Zoning Board of Adjustment and a member of the Board of Education, in which case the member of the Environmental Commission shall be deemed to be the Class II member of the Planning Board.
B. 
Terms.
(1) 
The term of the member composing Class I shall correspond with his official tenure. The terms of the members composing Class II and Class III shall be for one year or terminate at the completion of their respective terms of office, whichever occurs first, except for a Class II member who is also a member of the Environmental Commission. The term of a Class II or a Class IV member who is also a member of the Environmental Commission shall be for three years or terminate at the completion of his term of office as a member of the Environmental Commission, whichever comes first. The term of a Class IV member who is also a member of the Board of Adjustment or the Board of Education shall terminate whenever he is no longer a member of such other body or at the completion of his Class IV term, whichever comes first. The terms of all Class IV members first appointed pursuant to this chapter shall be so determined that to the greatest practicable extent the expiration of such terms shall be evenly distributed over the first four years after their appointment as determined by resolution of the governing body; provided, however, that no term of any member shall exceed four years, and further provided that nothing herein shall affect the terms of any present members of the Planning Board, all of whom shall continue in office until the completion of the term for which they were appointed. Thereafter, all Class IV members shall be appointed for terms of four years except as otherwise herein provided. All terms shall run from January 1 of the year in which the appointment was made.
(2) 
Alternate members shall be designated at the time of appointment by the Mayor as "Alternate No. 1" and "Alternate No. 2." The terms of the alternate members shall be for two years, except that the terms of the alternate members shall be such that the term of not more than one alternate member shall expire in any one year; provided, however, that in no instance shall the terms of the alternate members first appointed exceed two years. A vacancy occurring otherwise than by expiration of term shall be filled by the Mayor for the unexpired term only. No alternate member shall be permitted to act on any matter in which he has, either directly or indirectly, any personal or financial interest. An alternate member may, after public hearing if he requests one, be removed by the governing body for cause. Alternate members may participate in discussions of the proceedings but may not vote except in the absence or disqualification of a regular member of any class. A vote shall not be delayed in order that a regular member may vote instead of an alternate member. In the event that a choice must be made as to which alternate member is to vote, Alternate No. 1 shall vote.
C. 
Vacancies. If a vacancy of any class shall occur otherwise than by expiration of term, it shall be filled by appointment for the unexpired term.
D. 
Powers and duties. The Planning Board shall exercise the following powers and duties:
(1) 
To make, adopt and amend a Master Plan for the physical development of the municipality pursuant to the provisions of N.J.S.A. 40:55D-28.
(2) 
To administer the provisions of the subdivision and site plan regulations of this chapter.
(3) 
To approve conditional use applications as authorized by state statute.
(4) 
To participate in the preparation and review of programs or plans required by state or federal law or regulations.
(5) 
To assemble data on a continuing basis as part of a continuous planning process.
(6) 
To consider and report to the governing body within 35 days after referral of any proposed development regulations submitted to it pursuant to the provisions of N.J.S.A. 40:55D-26a and to pass upon other matters referred to it by the governing body pursuant to the provisions of N.J.S.A. 40:55-26b.
(7) 
In reviewing applications for approval of subdivision plats, site plans or conditional uses, to:
(a) 
Grant variances pursuant to N.J.S.A. 40:55D-60 and 40:55D-70c for lot area, lot dimensional, setback and yard requirements to the same extent and subject to the same restrictions as the Board of Adjustment.
(b) 
Direct the issuance of a permit for a building or structure either not related to a street (N.J.S.A. 40:55D-36) or in the bed of a mapped street or public drainageway, flood control basin or public area reserved on the Official Map (N.J.S.A. 40:55D-32).
(c) 
Whenever relief is requested pursuant to this subsection, notice of the hearing on the application for development shall include reference to the application for a variance.
(8) 
To perform such other advisory duties as are assigned to it by ordinance or resolution for the aid and assistance of the governing body or other municipal agencies or officers.
(9) 
To review and make recommendations on such matters as the location, character or extent of capital projects, in accordance with N.J.S.A. 40:55D-31, to the governing body or other public agency having jurisdiction of capital projects necessitating the expenditure of public funds.
E. 
Applications. Applications to the Planning Board shall conform to the appropriate provisions of this chapter.
F. 
Referrals. In reviewing plats or any other matters referred to it, the Board may submit the data to any agency or individual for review and comment.
A. 
Organization of Board. The Planning Board shall elect a Chairman and Vice Chairman from the members of Class IV. The Board of Adjustment shall elect a Chairman and Vice Chairman from its membership. Both Boards shall select a Secretary and Assistant Secretary, who may or may not be a member of the Board or a municipal employee.
B. 
Attorney. There is hereby created the office of Planning Board Attorney and the office of Attorney to the Board of Adjustment. Each Board may annually appoint, fix the compensation of or agree upon the rate of compensation of their respective Board Attorney, who shall be an attorney other than the Municipal Attorney.
C. 
Experts and staff. Both Boards may employ or contract for the services of experts and other staff and services as they may deem necessary. Neither Board shall authorize expenditures which exceed, exclusive of the gifts or grants, an amount appropriated by the governing body for its use. Payment to experts shall be in accordance with § 13 of P.L. 1991, c. 256 (N.J.S.A. 40:55D-53.2), as amended on September 17, 1995.
D. 
Rules and regulations. Each Board shall adopt such rules and regulations as are necessary to carry out its duties.
E. 
Conflicts of interest. No member shall act on any matter in which he has, either directly or indirectly, any personal or financial interest. Whenever any member shall disqualify himself, he shall not continue to sit with the Board on the hearing of such matter nor participate in any discussion or decision relating thereto.
F. 
Meetings.
(1) 
Meetings shall be scheduled no less often than once a month, and any meeting shall be held as scheduled unless canceled for lack of applications for development to process.
(2) 
Special meetings may be called by the Chairman or on the request of any two Board members, provided there is notice to the members and public in accordance with all applicable legal requirements.
(3) 
No action shall be taken at any meeting without a quorum being present. All actions shall be by majority vote of the members of the Board present at the meeting except where a specified portion of the full authorized membership is required: N.J.S.A. 40:55D-9, 40:55D-26, 40:55D-34 and 40:55D-70d.
(4) 
All meetings shall be open to the public. Notice of meetings shall be given in accordance with the Open Public Meetings Law, Chapter 231, Laws of New Jersey 1975 (N.J.S.A. 10:4-6 et seq.).
G. 
Minutes. Minutes of regular and special meetings shall be kept and shall include the names of persons appearing and addressing the Board and of persons appearing by attorney; the action taken; the findings, if any, and reasons therefor. The minutes shall be made available for public inspection during normal business hours at the office of the Village Clerk. Any interested party shall have the right to compel production of the minutes and be charged a fee for their reproduction.
H. 
Hearing.
(1) 
Rules. Both Boards may make rules governing the conduct of hearings. The rules shall be consistent with N.J.S.A. 40:55D-1 et seq. and this chapter. The approving authority may waive the required notices and hearing for minor and exempt subdivisions and minor and exempt site plans except where a variance or conditional use is part of the application.
(2) 
Oaths. The presiding officer or such person as he may designate shall have the power to administer oaths or issue subpoenas to compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of relevant evidence, including witnesses and documents presented by the parties, and the provisions of the County and Municipal Investigations Law of 1953 (N.J.S.A. 2A:67A-1 et seq.) shall apply.
(3) 
Testimony. The testimony of all witnesses shall be taken under oath or affirmation by the presiding officer, and the right of cross-examination shall be permitted to all interested parties through their attorneys, if represented, or directly, if not represented, subject to the discretion of the presiding officer and to reasonable limitations as to time and number of witnesses.
(4) 
Evidence. Technical rules of evidence shall not be applicable but irrelevant, immaterial or unduly repetitious evidence may be excluded.
(5) 
Records. Each Board shall provide for the verbatim recording of the proceedings by either stenographer, mechanical or electronic means. Each Board shall furnish a transcript or duplicate recording in lieu thereof on request to any interested party at his expense. The charge for a copy of the transcript shall not be more than the maximum permitted in N.J.S.A. 2A:11-15, and the transcript shall be certified in writing by the transcriber to be accurate.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: N.J.S.A. 2A:11-15 was repealed by P.L. 1991, c. 119; see now N.J.S.A. 2B:7-4.
(6) 
Certified court reporter. If an applicant desires a certified court reporter, the cost of taking testimony and transcribing it and providing a copy of the transcript to the approving authority shall be at the expense of the applicant, who shall also arrange for the reporter's attendance.
(7) 
When any hearing before either Board shall carry to two or more meetings, a member of the Board who was absent for one or more of the meetings shall be eligible to vote on the matter upon which the hearing was conducted, notwithstanding his absence from one or more of the meetings; provided, however, that such Board member has available to him the transcript or recording of all the hearing from which he was absent and certifies in writing to the Board that he has read such transcript or listened to such recording.
I. 
Payment of taxes. Pursuant to the provisions of N.J.S.A. 40:55D-39 and 40:55D-65, every application for development submitted to the Planning Board or to the Zoning Board of Adjustment shall be accompanied by proof that no taxes or assessments for local improvements are due or diligent on the property which is the subject of any such application, or, if it is shown that taxes or assessments are delinquent on the property, any approvals or other relief granted by either Board shall be conditioned upon either the prompt payment of such taxes or assessments or the making of adequate provision for the payment thereof in such manner that the Village will be adequately protected.
The approving authority shall hold a public hearing on each application for development, except that the approving authority may waive the required notices and hearing for minor and exempt subdivisions and site plans unless a variance or conditional use is part of the application. All public hearings conducted on subdivisions, site plans or variances before either the Board of Adjustment or Planning Board shall follow the requirements of the Municipal Land Use Law as summarized below (N.J.S.A. 40:55D-10, 40:55D-11 and 40:55D-12):
A. 
Any maps and documents submitted for approval shall be on file and available for public inspection at least 10 days before the hearing date during normal business hours in the office of the Administrative Officer.
B. 
Each decision on any application shall be reduced to writing as specified in N.J.S.A. 40:55D-10g and shall include findings of facts and conclusions based thereon. Failure of a motion to approve an application for development to receive the number of votes required for approval shall be deemed an action denying the application, and a resolution of memorialization shall be adopted to that effect in accordance with N.J.S.A. 40:55D-10g. Adoption of a resolution of memorialization shall not alter the time period required for rendering a decision, shall be adopted by a majority of the members of the approving authority who voted for the action on the application and no other member, and shall be deemed a memorialization of an action taken and not to be an action of the approving authority. Failure to adopt such a resolution of memorialization within 45 days of rendering a decision on an application shall result in the approval of the application.
C. 
A copy of the decision shall be mailed by the approving authority within 10 days of the date of the decision to the applicant, or if represented by an attorney, then to the attorney, and a copy shall also be filed in the office of the Administrative Officer. A brief notice of the decision shall also be published, which shall be arranged by the Administrative Officer. The period of time in which an appeal of the decision may be made shall run from the first publication of the decision.
D. 
All notices shall state the date, time and place of the hearing, the nature of the matters to be considered and an identification of the property proposed for development by street address, if any, or by reference to lot and block numbers, and the location and time(s) at which any maps and documents are available for public inspection.
E. 
All hearing notices shall be the responsibility of the applicant and shall be given at least 10 days prior to the hearing date.
(1) 
Public notice shall be given by publication in the official newspaper of the Village, if there be one, or in a newspaper of general circulation in the municipality.
(2) 
Notice shall be given to the owners of all real property, as shown on the current tax duplicate, located in the state and within 200 feet in all directions of the property which is the subject of such hearing, provided that this requirement shall be deemed satisfied by notice to a condominium association in the case of any unit owner whose unit has a unit above or below it, or to a horizontal property regime in the case of any co-owner whose apartment has an apartment above or below it. This notice shall be given by either serving a copy thereof on the property owner as shown on the current tax duplicate, or his agent in charge of the property, or mailing a copy thereof by certified mail to the property owner at his address as shown on the current tax duplicate.
(3) 
Notice to a partnership owner may be made by service upon any partner. Notice to a corporate owner may be made by service upon its president, a vice president, secretary or other person authorized by appointment or by law to accept service on behalf of the corporation. Notice to a condominium association, horizontal property regime, community trust or homeowners' association, because of its ownership of common elements or areas located within 200 feet of the property which is the subject of the hearing, may be made in the same manner as to a corporation without further notice to unit owners, co-owners or homeowners on account of such common elements or areas.
(4) 
Where a public hearing is required by this chapter, a notice of hearings on applications for development involving property located within 200 feet of an adjoining municipality shall be given by personal service or certified mail to the clerk of such municipality.
(5) 
Where a public hearing is required by this chapter, a notice shall be given by personal service or certified mail to:
(a) 
The County Planning Board, where the hearing concerns a property adjacent to an existing county road or proposed road shown on the Official County Map or on the County Master Plan, adjoining other county land or situated within 200 feet of a municipal boundary.
(b) 
The Commissioner of Transportation, where the hearing concerns a property adjacent to a state highway.
(c) 
The Director of the Division of State and Regional Planning, where the hearing concerns a property which exceeds 150 acres or exceeds 500 dwelling units, and the notice to the Director shall include a copy of any maps or documents required to be on file with the Administrative Officer.
F. 
The applicant shall file an affidavit of proof of service with the municipal agency holding the hearing. Any notice made by certified mail shall be deemed complete upon mailing.
These regulations shall not abate or modify any action, penalty, liability or right pending under any ordinance repealed by the adoption of this chapter except as expressly provided in this chapter.
Any appeal for a variance to allow a structure or use in a district restricted against such structure or use shall have one copy forwarded to the Planning Board by the Administrative Officer, together with a notice of the hearing date. The Planning Board shall review the material and may make recommendations at the public hearing. The Planning Board's recommendations may contain, among other things, its opinion as to the compatibility of the proposal to the Master Plan; applications which may have been or are currently being processed by the Planning Board for similar uses elsewhere in the Village; land use, traffic and other data considered by the Planning Board to be relevant to the application; and what conditions, if any, it would recommend be imposed on the applicant to improve compatibility with the Master Plan and Zoning Ordinance should the Board of Adjustment grant the variance.
A. 
In case of any violation of this chapter, the Village or an interested party may institute appropriate action to prevent such violation; to restrain, correct or abate such violation; to prevent the occupancy of said structure or land; and to prevent any illegal act, conduct, business or use in or about such premises. Any person convicted of such violations before a court of competent jurisdiction shall be subject to a penalty not to exceed $500 and/or 90 days in jail. Each day shall be deemed a separate violation.
B. 
If before final subdivision approval any person as owner or agent transfer or sells or agrees to transfer or sell, except pursuant to an agreement expressly conditioned on final subdivision approval, any land which forms a part of a subdivision for which municipal approval is required, such person shall be subject to a penalty not to exceed $1,000, and each lot disposition so made may be deemed a separate violation.
C. 
In addition, the Village may institute and maintain a civil action:
(1) 
For injunctive relief; and
(2) 
To set aside and invalidate any conveyance made pursuant to such a contract of sale if a certificate of compliance has not been issued in accordance with N.J.S.A. 40:55D-56, but only if the municipality has a Planning Board and has adopted by ordinance standards and procedures in accordance with N.J.S.A. 40:55D-38.
D. 
In any such action, the transferee, purchaser or grantee shall be entitled to a lien upon the portion of the land from which the subdivision was made that remains in the possession of the developer or his assigns or successors, to secure the return of any deposits made or purchase price paid, and also a reasonable search fee, survey expense and title-closing expense, if any. Any such action must be brought within two years after the date of the recording of the instrument of transfer, sale or conveyance of said land or within six years if unrecorded.
E. 
See § 96A-11, Permits.
Conditional approval. The applicant shall comply with reasonable conditions laid down by the approving authority for design, dedication, improvements and the use of the land to conform to the physical and economical development of the municipality and to the safety and general welfare of the future residents/owners in the development and the community at large. Where County Planning Board review or approval is required on a subdivision or site plan, the approving authority shall condition any approval it grants upon either timely receipt of a favorable report by the County Planning Board or approval from the County Planning Board due to its failure to submit a report within the required time period. If the County's report is timely and negative or attaches mandatory conditions, the original action by the municipal approving authority shall be void and the application shall be denied and a new resolution shall be adopted which considers the County Planning Board's report.
To assist the applicant in completing initial applications, a copy of the following checklist, attached to this chapter as Exhibit A, for required submissions on applications to the Planning Board or the Zoning Board of Adjustment shall be given to each applicant. This checklist may be revised by the Board of Commissioners by ordinance upon the recommendation of the Planning Board or Board of Adjustment which recommendation shall be in resolution forms.
The approving authority, when acting upon applications for preliminary or minor subdivision approval and preliminary site plan approval, shall have the power to grant such exceptions from the design and performance standards in Article V (§§ 96A-30 through 96A-52) of this chapter as may be reasonable and within the general purpose and intent of the provisions for subdivision/site plan review and approval if the literal enforcement of one or more provisions of this chapter is impracticable or will exact undue hardship because of peculiar conditions pertaining to the land in question. [See also § 96-5.2 of the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 96) of the Village of Ridgefield Park.]
The approving authority may waive required notices and hearings for minor and exempt subdivisions and site plans except where a variance or conditional use is part of the application. Divisions of land not considered a subdivision as defined in this chapter shall be exempt from compliance with the requirements of this chapter only after affirmative action by the approving authority. Such action shall be taken following submission of documentation to the approving authority showing the division of land for agricultural purposes where all resulting parcels are five acres or larger in size; divisions by testamentary or intestate provisions; divisions of property by court order; and conveyances so as to combine existing lots by deed or other instrument, as the case may be. Until exempted from the subdivision regulations by the approval authority, no person can transfer, sell or agree to transfer or sell, as owner or agent, any land which forms a part of a subdivision for which approval is required.
The approving authority shall have the power to act upon subdivisions, conditional uses or site plans simultaneously without the developer making further application or the approving authority holding further hearings. The longest time period for action by the approving authority, whether it be for subdivision, conditional use or site plan approval, shall apply. Whenever approval of a conditional use or site plan approval is requested by the developer in conjunction with a site plan or subdivision, notice of the hearing on the plat shall include reference to the request for such conditional use. (See § 96A-6, Conditional uses.)
A site plan approval is required for all developments which do not meet the definition of "site plan, exempt" in § 96A-2.2 of the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 96) of the Village of Ridgefield Park.
All applications shall be accompanied by plats plus other supporting documents as required for subdivision and site plan approval. (See also § 96A-16.)
A. 
An informal review of a concept plan is optional. At the request of the developer, the Planning Board shall grant an informal review of a concept plan for a development for which the developer intends to prepare and submit an application for development. The purpose will be to review concepts to assist the applicant in the preparation of subsequent plans. Other than classification, no decisions will be made, no hearings held and no formal action taken. Neither the developer nor the Planning Board shall be bound by this informal review.
B. 
Filing procedure. The developer shall file with the Administrative Officer at least 10 days prior to the meeting of the approving authority 12 black-and-white copies of the informal plat and 12 completed copies of the application form.
C. 
Action by the approving authority.
(1) 
The approving authority shall classify the application as a minor or major development within 45 days of the date of submission or such further time as may be consented to by the applicant. If classified as a minor or exempt subdivision or a minor or exempt site plan, no public hearing need be required except if a variance or conditional use is part of the application. If the approving authority requires any changes prior to resubmitting the plat as a preliminary or final plat, such changes and/or conditions shall be in writing and shall be sent to the applicant.
(2) 
If the approving authority determines the development may directly or indirectly create an adverse effect on either the property being developed or nearby property, the approving authority may require the developer to revise the plat. Where any remaining portion of the original tract is sufficient to be developed or subdivided further, the developer may be required to submit a plat of the remaining portion to indicate a feasible plan whereby the proposed development, together with subsequent development, will not create, impose, aggravate or lead to any such adverse effect(s).
Preliminary plats are required for all major site plans and major subdivisions.
A. 
Filing procedure.
(1) 
The developer shall submit to the Administrative Officer at least 10 days prior to the public meeting of the approving authority 12 black-on-white copies of the preliminary plat; three completed copies of the application form for preliminary approval; two copies of any protective covenants, deed restrictions and easements applying to the land being developed; two copies of the drainage calculations and soil erosion and sediment control data as required in Article V (§§ 96A-34 and 96A-49) of this chapter; the applicable fee; and certification by the Tax Collector that all taxes are paid to date.
(2) 
A corporation or partnership applying for permission to subdivide a parcel of land into six or more lots or applying for a variance a construct a multiple dwelling of 25 or more family units or for approval of a site to be used for commercial purposes shall list the names and addresses of all stockholders or individual partners owning at least 10% of its stock of any class or at least 10% of the interest in the partnership, as the case may be. If a corporation or partnership owns ten-percent or greater interest in a partnership subject to the above disclosure, that corporation or partnership shall list the names and addresses of its stockholders holding 10% or more of its stock or ten-percent or greater interest in the partnership, as the case may be, and this requirement shall be followed by every corporate stockholder or partner in a partnership until the names and addresses of the noncorporate stockholders and individual partners exceeding the ten-percent ownership criterion established in this chapter have been listed. No Planning Board, Board of Adjustment or municipal governing body shall approve the application of any corporation or partnership which does not comply with this requirement of N.J.S.A. 40:55D-48.1. The penalty for concealment by a corporation or partnership shall be as outlined in N.J.S.A. 40:55D-48.1.
(3) 
The application shall include a complete environmental impact report (§ 96A-36) or a written request for a waiver of any or all of its requirements. If a waiver is requested, the approving agency shall either approve, approve in part or disapprove the request at the first regular meeting at which the application is heard. The applicant shall provide any required data within 15 days or at least 15 days prior to the date the approving authority is required to act, whichever comes first.
B. 
Action by the approving authority.
(1) 
The approving authority shall accept or reject the submission as a complete application and, if rejected, notify the applicant in writing of the deficiencies within 45 days of submission.
(2) 
Public hearing. If accepted as an application, a public hearing date shall be set and notice given.
(3) 
Upon submission of a plat, the Administrative Officer shall submit one copy of the plat and supporting data to the County Planning Board, Municipal Engineer, Environmental Commission and any other agency or person as directed by the approving authority for review and action. Each shall have not more than 30 days from receipt of the plat to report to the approving authority. In the event of disapproval, such report shall state the reasons therefor. If any agency or person fails to submit a report within 30 days, the plat shall be deemed to have been approved by it or him. Upon mutual agreement between the County Planning Board and the approving authority, with approval of the developer, the thirty-day period for a County Planning Board report may be extended for an additional 30 days, and any extension shall so extend the time within which the approving authority is required to act.
(4) 
A subdivision of 10 or fewer lots shall be granted or denied within 45 days of the date of a complete submission or within such further time as may be consented to by the developer. With more than 10 lots, the approving authority shall grant or deny preliminary approval within 95 days of the date of a complete submission or within such further time as may be consented to by the developer. Otherwise, the approving authority shall be deemed to have granted preliminary approval to the subdivision.
(5) 
The approving authority shall grant or deny preliminary site plan approval within the following time periods unless some further time has been consented to by the developer
(a) 
A site plan which involves 10 acres or less and 10 dwelling units or less: within 45 days of the date of a complete submission.
(b) 
A site plan which involves more than 10 acres or more than 10 dwelling units: within 95 days of a complete submission.
(6) 
If the approving authority required any substantial amendment in the layout of improvements in either a site plan or subdivision and that plan had been the subject of a hearing, an amended application shall be submitted and proceeded upon as in the case of the original application for development. The approving authority shall, if the proposed development complies with this chapter, grant preliminary approval.
(7) 
The approving authority may approve, disapprove or approve with conditions the application, including action on the environmental impact report (§ 96A-36). The decision shall be in writing and shall be sent to the applicant and the newspaper as required by § 96A-14 of this chapter, Public hearings; notices. If the approving authority grants preliminary approval, its Chairman and Secretary (or the Vice Chairman or Assistant Secretary in their absence, respectively) and Municipal Engineer shall sign each page of the plat, indicating the approval. If the plat is conditionally approved, it shall not be signed until all conditions are corrected on the plat. If the corrections are not completed within 90 days of the conditional approval, the conditional approval shall lapse.
(8) 
Preliminary approval shall, except as provided in Subsection B(9) below, confer upon the applicant the following rights for a three-year period from the date of the preliminary approval; otherwise the approval shall be void:
(a) 
That the general terms and conditions on which preliminary approval was granted shall not be changed, including but not limited to use requirements; layout and design standards for streets, curbs and sidewalks; lot size; yard dimensions and off-tract improvements; any requirements peculiar to site plan approval; except that nothing herein shall be construed to prevent the Village from modifying by ordinance such general terms and conditions of preliminary approval as relate to public health and safety.
(b) 
That the applicant may submit for final approval on or before the expiration date of preliminary approval the whole or a section or sections of the preliminary plat.
(c) 
That the applicant may apply for and the approving authority may grant extensions on such preliminary approval for additional periods of at least one year but not to exceed a total extension of two years, provided that, if the design standards have been revised by ordinance, such revised standards may govern.
(9) 
In the case of a development for an area of 50 acres or more, the approving authority may grant the rights referred to in Subsection B(8)(a), (b) and (c) above for such period of time longer than three years as shall be determined by the approving authority to be reasonable, taking into consideration the number of dwelling units and nonresidential floor area permissible under preliminary approval, the potential number of dwelling units and nonresidential floor area of the section(s) awaiting final approval, economic conditions and the comprehensiveness of the development, provided that, if the design standards have been revised, such revised standards may govern.
A. 
Filing procedure.
(1) 
The developer shall file with the Administrative Officer at least 10 days prior to the meeting of the approving authority the original tracing; one translucent tracing copy; two cloth and 12 black-on-white paper prints of the plat and three complete copies of the application form; two copies of the performance guaranty approved by the governing body, including off-tract improvements, if any; any maintenance guaranties; the applicable fee; certification by the Tax Collector that all taxes are paid to date; and certification by the Soil Conservation District pursuant to the Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Act, Chapter 251 of the Laws of 1975.
(2) 
Where utility services are to be extended to the development, the final plat shall be accompanied by letters directed to the Chairman of the approving authority and signed by a responsible officer of the water company, sewer authority and utility which provides gas, telephone and electricity that has jurisdiction in the area. Such letters shall approve each proposed utility installation design and state who will construct the facility.
(3) 
The final plat shall be accompanied by a statement by the Municipal Engineer that he is in receipt of a map showing all utilities and other improvements (both in the development and off-tract improvements) in exact location and elevation; that he has examined the street, drainage, erosion, stormwater control and excavation plans and found that the interests of the Village and of nearby properties are fully protected, and identifying those portions of any improvements already installed; and that the developer has either:
(a) 
Installed all improvements in accordance with the requirements of this chapter and the preliminary plat approval, with a maintenance guaranty accompanying the final plat (see § 96A-9 of this chapter); or
(b) 
Posted a performance guaranty that has been approved by the governing body.
B. 
Action by the approving authority.
(1) 
The approving authority shall grant final approval if the application conforms to this chapter, the conditions of previous reviews and the standards prescribed by the Map Filing Law, N.J.S.A. 46:23-9.9 et seq. In the case of a minor or exempt subdivision or site plan where there has been no previous submission of an informal or preliminary plat, the approving authority may waive the required notices and hearing except where a variance or conditional use is part of the application. In the case of a planned development, the approving authority may permit minimal deviations from the conditions of preliminary plat approval necessitated by change of conditions beyond the control of the developer since the date of the preliminary approval. Minimal deviations shall not require the developer to submit another application for preliminary approval.
(2) 
Final approval shall be granted or denied within 45 days after submission of a complete application to the Administrative Officer or within such further time as may be consented to by the applicant. An approved final plat shall be signed by the Chairman and Secretary of the approving authority (or the Vice Chairman or Assistant Secretary in their absence, respectively). Failure of the approving authority to act within the period prescribed shall constitute final approval, and a certificate of the Administrative Officer as to the failure of the approving authority to act shall be issued on request of the applicant. Such certificate shall be sufficient in lieu of the written endorsement or other evidence of approval herein required and shall be so accepted by the county recording officer for purposes of filing subdivision plats.
(3) 
Whenever review or approval of the application by the County Planning Board is required by N.J.S.A. 40:27-6.3 or 40:27-6.6, the approving authority shall condition any approval that it grants upon timely receipt of a favorable report from the County Planning Board or upon its failure to submit a report within the required time period.
(4) 
Final approval of a minor subdivision shall expire 190 days from the date of municipal approval unless a plat in conformity with such approval, including any conditions imposed by the approval, and in conformity with the provisions of the Map Filing Law (N.J.S.A. 46:23-9.9 et seq.), or a deed clearly describing the approved minor subdivision, is filed by the developer with the county recording officer, the Municipal Engineer and the Village Tax Assessor. Such plat or deed accepted for such filing shall have been signed by the Chairman and Secretary of the approving authority (or the Vice Chairman or Assistant Secretary in their absence, respectively). In reviewing the application for development for a proposed minor subdivision, the approving authority may accept a plat not in conformity with the Map Filing Law, provided that, if the developer chooses to file the minor subdivision by plat rather than deed, such plat shall conform to the provisions of said law.
(5) 
Final approval of a major subdivision shall expire 95 days from the date of signing of the plat unless within such period the plat shall have been duly filed by the developer with the county recording officer. The approving authority may, for good cause shown, extend the period for recording for an additional period not to exceed 190 days from the date of signing of the plat. No subdivision plat shall be accepted for filing by the county recording officer until it has been approved by the approving authority as indicated on the instrument by the signatures of the Chairman and Secretary of the approving authority (or the Vice Chairman or Assistant Secretary in their absence, respectively) or a certificate has been issued as to the failure of the approving authority to act within the required time. The signatures of the Chairman and Secretary shall not be affixed until the developer has posted the required guaranties. If the county recording officer records any plat without such approval, such recording shall be deemed null and void, and upon request of the municipality, the plat shall be expunged from the official records. It shall be the duty of the county recording officer to notify the Planning Board in writing within seven days of the filing of any plat, identifying such instrument by its title, date of filing and official number.
(6) 
Provided the approved final subdivision plat has been filed with the county recording officer, the zoning requirements applicable to the preliminary approval first granted to a site plan or a major subdivision and all other rights conferred upon the developer pursuant to the Municipal Land Use Law, whether conditionally or otherwise, shall not be changed for a period of two years after the date of final approval. If the developer has followed the standards prescribed for final approval, the approving authority may extend such period of protection for extensions of one year but not to exceed three extensions. Upon granting of final approval, the rights conferred upon the applicant by the granting of preliminary approval shall be terminated upon final approval.
(7) 
Provided the approved final plat of a minor subdivision has been filed with the county recording officer, the zoning requirements and general terms and conditions, whether conditional or otherwise, upon which minor subdivision approval was granted shall not be changed for a period of two years after the date of minor subdivision approval.
(8) 
In the case of a subdivision or site plan for a planned development of 50 acres or more or a conventional subdivision or site plan of 150 acres or more, the approving authority may grant the rights referred to in Subsection B(6) and (7) above for such period of time longer than two years as shall be determined by the approving authority to be reasonable, taking into consideration the number of dwelling units and nonresidential floor area permissible under final approval, economic conditions and the comprehensiveness of the development. The developer may apply for, and the approving authority may thereafter grant, an extension of final approval for such additional period of time as shall be determined by the approving authority to be reasonable, taking into consideration the number of dwelling units and nonresidential floor area permissible under final approval, the number of dwelling units and nonresidential floor area remaining to be developed, economic conditions and the comprehensiveness of the development.
(9) 
The developer shall supply sufficient copies of the approved final plat so that the Administrative Officer can distribute one copy to each of the following: Village Clerk, Construction Official, County Planning Board, Tax Assessor and Planning Board and any other agency or person directed by the approving authority, and shall supply one translucent cloth or Mylar copy to the Municipal Engineer.
A. 
Plat conformity. All applications shall be submitted in plat form, and all plats shall conform to the submission requirements. All plats shall be drawn by a land surveyor, and all drawings of improvements shall be prepared by a professional engineer, and all such drawings shall bear the signature, embossed seal, license number and address of the preparer.
B. 
Informal subdivision plat for review and classification. An informal subdivision plat shall meet the following requirements and contain the following information:
(1) 
Clearly and legibly drawn.
(2) 
Graphic scale of not less than one inch equals 100 feet.
(3) 
Existing and proposed street and lot layout, with dimensions, showing that portion proposed for development in relation to the entire tract.
(4) 
Existing lot lines to be eliminated.
(5) 
Area of original tract and each proposed lot.
(6) 
Basic intent for water and sewage treatment.
(7) 
Contours based on United States Geodetic Survey data.
(8) 
Existing structures and uses.
(9) 
All setback lines as well as the shortest distances between buildings and proposed or existing lot lines.
(10) 
All rivers and drainage rights-of-way, including the direction of flow; the location of all drainage structures; and the approximate location of wooded areas, flood hazard areas and floodway lines, steep slopes, wetlands and swamps. Soil logs are not required. However, where the slope and soil conditions indicate problems may be encountered, soil logs as required for the preliminary plat may be advisable.
(11) 
Existing and proposed rights-of-way and easements within the adjoining the tract, with sight triangles shown. Proposed access points and parking areas shall be included on site plans.
(12) 
The Tax Map sheet, block and lot number for the tract and all adjacent lots; a title, including the words: "Informal Plat for Review and Classification"; North arrow; space for the application number; the date of the original drawing and the date and substance of each revision.
(13) 
Zoning district(s).
(14) 
The name, address, signature and phone number of the owner, developer and person preparing the plat.
(15) 
A key map with North arrow showing the entire development and its relation to surrounding areas.
C. 
Preliminary subdivision plat. A preliminary subdivision plat shall meet the following requirements and contain the following information:
(1) 
Clearly and legibly drawn.
(2) 
Graphic scale of not less than one inch equals 100 feet.
(3) 
Based on certified boundary survey.
(4) 
Sheet sizes of 30 inches by 42 inches, 24 inches by 36 inches, 15 inches by 21 inches, or 8 1/2 inches by 13 inches. If more than one sheet is required to show the entire subdivision, one composite map shall show the entire subdivision with reference to the sheets on which the various sections are shown.
(5) 
Key map with North arrow showing the entire subdivision in relation to surrounding areas, including the names of principal roads, and at a scale of not less than one inch equals 2,000 feet.
(6) 
Title block with the name of the subdivision; the name of the municipality; Tax Map sheet, block and lot number; date of preparation and most recent revision; meridian; North arrow; graphic scale; the names, addresses, phone numbers and signatures of the owner, developer and person(s) who prepared the plat(s), including the seal of the latter; and space for the application number.
(7) 
The names of all property owners within 200 feet of the limits of the development as disclosed on the most recent municipal tax records.
(8) 
Tract acreage to nearest 1/1,000 of an acre; the number of new lots; each lot line dimension scaled to the nearest foot; and each lot area to the nearest square foot.
(9) 
Existing and proposed contours at two-foot intervals for areas with less than a ten-percent slope, at five-foot intervals for areas with slopes in excess of 10%. For tracts containing slopes in more than one category, the developer shall show every ten-foot contour with a wider line. In instances where there is more than one slope category or where there is a flat surface, the approving authority may allow some other satisfactory contour intervals and/or additional topographic data to meet the objectives of this section. All elevations shall be related to a bench mark noted on the plan and be based on United States Geodetic Control Survey, mean sea level datum.
(10) 
Location of existing natural features such as soil types, slopes exceeding 10%, wooded areas, rock outcroppings, views within the development and the location of individual trees outside wooded areas having a diameter of six inches or more as measured five feet above ground level.
(11) 
Plans and computations for any storm drainage systems, including existing or proposed storm sewer lines within or adjacent to the development and all required off-site and off-tract drainage improvements, showing size, profile and slope of the lines, direction of flow and the location of each drainage inlet, manhole, culvert and headwall.
(12) 
Plans, cross sections, center-line profiles, tentative grades and details of proposed and existing utilities and all improvements within street rights-of-way in the tract, including the type and width of street pavement, curbs, sidewalks, bike routes, shade tree planting, all utilities, including water, sewer, gas, electric, telephone and cable television, and facilities such as storm drainage facilities, detention ponds and erosion control. At intersections, the sight triangles, radii of curblines, crosswalks, curb ramps and street sign locations shall be shown. Final street naming may be deferred.
(13) 
The names, locations, widths and purpose(s) of existing and proposed easements, streets and other rights-of-way in the development. The text of any deed restriction shall be included.
(14) 
The locations and description of all monuments, existing and proposed.
(15) 
All lot lines that exist and will remain, those proposed and those to be eliminated. All setback lines with dimensions and municipal boundaries, if within 200 feet, shall be shown. Any lot(s) to be reserved or dedicated to public use shall be identified. Each block shall be numbered, and the lots within each block shall be numbered as assigned by the Village Tax Assessor.
(16) 
Locations of all existing structures and their use(s) in the tract and within 200 feet, showing existing and proposed front, rear and side yard setbacks, structures of historic significance and an indication of existing structures and uses to be retained and those to be removed.
(17) 
Utility plans shall show feasible connections to existing or proposed utility systems, with a letter from the serving company stating that service will be available before occupancy of any proposed structures.
(18) 
Zoning district(s) and zoning district lines.
(19) 
An itemization of all improvements to be made on-site, off-site, on-tract and off-tract in accordance with the standards specified in Article V (§§ 96A-30 through 96A-52).
D. 
Final subdivision plat. A final subdivision plat shall meet the following requirements and contain the following information:
(1) 
Clearly and legibly drawn.
(2) 
Graphic scale of not less than one inch equals 100 feet unless a larger scale is approved by the Municipal Engineer that is large enough to contain legibly written data on dimensions, bearings and all other details of the boundaries.
(3) 
Drawn by a licensed land surveyor in compliance with the Map Filing Law (N.J.S.A. 46:23-9.9 et seq.).
(4) 
Sheet sizes of 30 inches by 42 inches, 24 inches by 36 inches, 15 inches by 21 inches or 8 1/2 inches by 13 inches. If more than one sheet is required to show the entire subdivision, a separate composite map shall be drawn showing the entire subdivision on one sheet and the sheets on which the various sections are shown.
(5) 
The submission for final plat approval shall show the following, except that the plat to be filed with the county recording officer need only contain the data required for filing with the county and all other data may be submitted on separate sheets:
(a) 
Signature blocks for the approving authority, Municipal Engineer and other endorsements required by law.
(b) 
Tract boundary lines: municipal boundary line if within 200 feet of the tract being subdivided; street names; all lot lines and other site lines with accurate dimensions, bearing or deflection angles and radii, arcs and chord bearings, with the distances of all curves, all based on an actual survey by a land surveyor licensed to practice in the State of New Jersey; minimum building setback lines; and the area of each lot shown to the nearest square foot. All dimensions, both linear and angular, of the exterior tract boundaries shall be based on and calculated from surveyed traversing which shall have an apparent error of field closure of 1:10,000 or better and shall be corrected by accepted balancing methods to final errorless closure. All final exterior and lot boundaries shall be similarly balanced to final errorless closure.
(c) 
Block and lot numbers in accordance with established standards and in conformity with the Village Tax Map as approved by the Village Tax Assessor and all street numbers where appropriate shall be designated as specified by the approving authority.
(6) 
The final plat shall be accompanied by the following:
(a) 
A copy of the preliminary plat revised to show all conditions and changes required by the approving authority at the time of preliminary approval.
(b) 
A statement that the applicant is agent or owner of the land or that the owner has given consent to the development.
(c) 
Appropriate local, county and state approvals.
A. 
Plat conformity. All applications shall be submitted in plat form, and all plats shall conform to submission requirements. All plats shall be drawn by a licensed New Jersey land surveyor and shall bear the signature, embossed seal, license number and address of the land surveyor, except that plats submitted under the informal discussion provisions and sketch plats of minor site plans are exempt from this requirement. All drawings showing improvement designs shall bear the signature and embossed seal, license number and address of a licensed professional engineer of the State of New Jersey.
B. 
Informal site plan for review and classification shall include the same data as required in § 96A-28B, plus lot lines, proposed building(s), proposed use(s), parking, loading, on-site circulation, driveways, wooded areas, approximate on-site or on-tract stormwater detention facilities and water and sewer service.
C. 
Preliminary site plan plat.
(1) 
Every preliminary site plan shall be at a minimum graphic scale of one inch equals 10 feet, 20 feet, 30 feet, 40 feet or 50 feet, certified by a New Jersey licensed architect or engineer, including accurate lot lines certified by a New Jersey licensed land surveyor, submitted on one of four of the following standard sheet sizes: 8 1/2 inches by 13 inches, 15 inches by 21 inches, 24 inches by 36 inches or 30 inches by 42 inches. The following data shall be shown on the site plan or accompany it (if one sheet is not sufficient to contain the entire territory, one composite map shall show the entire development with reference to the sheets on which the various sections are shown): all lot lines and the exterior boundaries of the tract; North arrow; zone district(s) in which the tract is located; date of original drawing and each subsequent amendment; existing and proposed streets and street names; existing and proposed contours at two-foot intervals throughout the tract and within 100 feet of any building or paved area under review; title of the plan; streams; total area to one square foot; total number of parking spaces; all dimensions, areas and distances needed to confirm conformity with the chapter, such as but not limited to building lengths, building coverage, lot lines, parking spaces, loading spaces, setbacks and yards; a small key map giving the general location of the parcel within the Village; and a separate map showing the site in relation to all remaining lands in the present owner's ownership.
(2) 
Site plan information for preliminary and final approval. Each site plan shall include the following information and be designed to comply with Articles IV, V and VI[1] (see §§ 96A-18 through 96A-52) and be accompanied by an environmental impact report (§ 96A-36), unless waived by the approving authority, in whole or in part.
(a) 
Building and use plan. The plan shall show the size, height, location, arrangement and use of all proposed structures and signs, including architect's scaled elevation of the front, side and rear of any structure and sign (existing structures shall be identified as either to remain or to be removed) and written description of the proposed use(s) of nonresidential buildings, including the number of employees or members, the proposed number of shifts to be worked and the maximum number of employees on each shift, expected truck and tractor-trailer traffic, emission of noise, glare, vibration, heat, odor, air and water pollution, safety hazards and anticipated expansion plans incorporated in the building design. Floor plans shall be submitted. In apartment and townhouse projects, the number of dwelling units, by type, shall be shown.
(b) 
Circulation plan. This plan shall show access streets by name, acceleration/deceleration lanes, curbs, sight triangles, traffic channelization, traffic signs, easements, fire lanes, driveways, parking and loading spaces, pedestrian walks, bikeways and related facilities for the movement and storage of goods, vehicles and persons. Cross sections and construction plans of streets, walkways, parking lots and other paved and curbed areas shall be included. Sidewalks shall be shown along expected paths of pedestrian travel, such as but not limited to access from buildings to parking lots, driveways and other buildings on the site. Any building expansion plans shall show feasible parking and loading expansion.
(c) 
Natural resources and landscaping plan. This plan shall show existing and proposed wooded areas, buffer areas, including the intended screening devices and buffers [Article IX of the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 96) of the Village of Ridgefield Park], seeded and/or sodded areas, ground cover, retaining walls, fencing, signs, recreation areas, shrubbery, trees and other landscaping features. This plan shall show the location and type of man-made improvements and the location, number, species and caliper of plant material and trees to be located on the tract. All portions of the property not utilized by buildings or paved surfaces shall be landscaped, utilizing combinations such as landscaped fencing, shrubbery, lawn area, ground cover, rock formations, contours, existing foliage and the planting of coniferous and/or deciduous trees native to the area in order to maintain or reestablish the tone of the vegetation in the area and lessen the visual impact of the structures and paved areas. The established grades and landscaping on any site shall be planned for aesthetic, drainage and erosion control purposes. The grading plan, drainage facilities and landscaping shall be coordinated to prevent erosion and siltation as outlined under the soil erosion and sediment control (§ 96A-49), floodplain [§ 96-8.5 of the Zoning Code (Chapter 96) of the Village of Ridgefield Park] and drainage (§ 96A-34) provisions, as well as assuring that the capacity of any natural or man-made drainage system is sufficient to handle the water from the site and contributing upstream areas.
(d) 
Facilities plan. This plan shall show cross sections and typical details as well as the locations of existing and proposed drainage and stormwater runoff; open space; common property; fire, gas, electric, telephone, sewerage and water lines, lighting; and solid waste collection and disposal methods, including proposed grades, sizes, capacities and materials to be used for facilities installed by the developer. Installations by utility companies need only show their locations on the plat. All easements acquired or required on tract and off tract shall be shown, and copies of legal documentation that support the granting of an easement by the owner of an off-tract lot shall be included. All proposed lighting shall include the direction, angle and height of each source of light. All utilities shall be installed underground. All required state and federal approvals for environmental considerations shall be submitted prior to preliminary approval or be a condition of approval. All public services shall be connected to approved public utility systems.
[1]
Editor's Note: So in original.
D. 
Final site plan plat. The final plat shall follow preliminary site plan requirements and shall include all changes required as a condition of preliminary approval.
In general.
A. 
All developments shall conform to design standards encouraging sound development patterns within the Village. Where an Official Map and/or Master Plan have been adopted, the development shall conform to them.
B. 
Character of the land. Land identified in the Master Plan as critical areas or having severe or moderate soil characteristics, particularly as the land relates to flooding, improper drainage, shallow depth to water table, steep slopes, rock formations, utility easements or similar features, shall not be used as buildable areas unless adequate and acceptable methods are formulated by the developer to solve the problems by methods meeting this chapter and all other regulations.
C. 
Exceptions. See § 96A-20 of this chapter and § 96-5.2B of the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 96) of the Village of Ridgefield Park.
A. 
Within any residential district, no building with permitted professional office or other home occupation shall be constructed or altered so as to be inharmonious with the residential character of the adjacent residential areas.
B. 
The following types of construction shall be considered not to be residential in character.
(1) 
Storefront types of construction.
(2) 
Garage doors larger than needed for passenger automobiles and commercial vehicles of one ton gross weight.
(3) 
Unfinished hollow masonry wall surfaces.
For fire, rescue and other emergencies, all principal buildings in all districts shall be clearly identified as to house or street number by means of an unobstructed sign clearly visible and legible from the main abutting street.
Concrete curbs shall be installed along all streets. The standard curb section shall be 10 feet in length, with preformed expansion joint material on not more than twenty-foot centers, and shall be set in accordance with approved lines and grades, and radial curbs shall be formed in a smooth curve. Chord segments are prohibited. The finish shall be a smooth float finish with corners rounded. Concrete curbs shall be six inches by nine inches by 20 inches (eight-inch exposed face), using Class B concrete having a twenty-eight-day compressive strength of 4,000 pounds per square inch, and shall be air entrained. No driveway curb cut shall exceed 16 feet maximum. The curbing shall be designed to provide barrier-free curb ramps constructed in accordance with the "Design Standards for Curb Ramps for the Physically Handicapped" of the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
All streets shall be designed to accommodate storm drainage along streets. Any system shall be adequate to handle all water which originates within the development and beyond, calculated on the basis of maximum potential development as permitted under this chapter. No water shall be diverted so as to overload existing drainage systems or create flooding or the need for additional drainage structures on other lands without proper and approved provisions being made for taking care of these conditions, including off-tract improvements.
A. 
A fifty-year storm curve shall be used in computing stormwater runoff.
B. 
The pipe size shall be determined by acceptable engineering design procedures but not be less than 15 inches in diameter.
C. 
Drainage inlets shall be located as directed by the Municipal Engineer, but generally at intervals of not more than 400 feet or such shorter distances as required to prevent the flow of surface water from exceeding six cubic feet per second at the drainage inlet. Access manholes shall be placed at maximum five-hundred-foot intervals throughout the system and at pipe injunctions.
D. 
Storm drain pipes running longitudinally along streets shall not be located under curbing. Where storm drain pipes are installed outside of streets, easements or rights-of-way shall be required in accordance with § 96A-35.
E. 
Storm drain pipes shall be laid to the exact lines and grades approved by the Municipal Engineer. Specifications for manholes, inlets and storm drains shall follow the 1961 State Highway Specifications, as amended.
F. 
Where any development is traversed by a watercourse or drainage ditch, a drainage right-of-way easement shall be dedicated to the Village conforming substantially with the lines of such watercourse. A minimum of 15 feet beyond the bank top on at least one side shall be provided for access to the drainage right-of-way. (See § 96A-35.)
G. 
All developments shall incorporate on-site stormwater facilities that will result in stormwater leaving the property at the same rate that existed prior to the development. All measures shall comply with the soil erosion and sediment control provisions in § 96A-49. Grading shall direct drainage away from all buildings, prevent the collection of water in pools and avoid the concentration of stormwater from one lot to another.
H. 
Where the amount of runoff determined by the Municipal Engineer is sufficient to justify detention of peak flow, one or more detention basins shall be required. Each detention basin shall have a capacity to accept all surface water directed to it from a six-inch rain in 24 hours, with outlets to permit complete draining of the maximum capacity of the detention basin in not more than 36 hours.
Easements shall be along side and/or rear property lines where possible, shall not be less than 15 feet wide, shall be dimensioned on the plat and shall be identified as follows: "_____ easement granted to the Village of Ridgefield Park as provided for in the Ridgefield Park Development Regulations Ordinance."
This report shall accompany all preliminary plats:
A. 
A description of the development, specifying what and how it is to be done during construction and operation, and practical alternate plans to achieve the objective(s).
B. 
An inventory of on-site environmental conditions and an assessment of the probable impact of the development upon them: water supply; geology; soils and properties thereof, including capabilities and limitations; sewerage; topography; vegetation; noise characteristics and levels; land use; and aesthetics. Air and water quality shall be described with reference to standards of the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.
C. 
A list and the status of the approvals needed from federal, state or county agencies, including comments of these governmental agencies.
D. 
An evaluation of any adverse environmental impacts which might not be able to be avoided, including air and water pollution, noise, sedimentation and siltation, increase in Village services and consequences to the Village tax structure.
E. 
A description of steps to be taken to avoid or minimize adverse environmental impacts during construction and operation, including maps, schedules and other explanatory data.
F. 
Notwithstanding the foregoing, the approving authority may waive all or part of an environmental impact report if sufficient evidence is submitted to support a conclusion that the development will have a slight or negligible environmental impact or that the complete report need not be prepared to evaluate the environmental impact of the development.
Hydrants shall be installed on water mains at intervals directed by the Fire Chief and Fire Commissioner in accordance with the standards of the National Board of Fire Underwriters. Hose connections shall conform to existing hydrants. Fire alarms shall be placed at or near street intersections and be of a type used throughout the Village.
Where open space or common property is set aside in a development and said land is not to be deeded to the Village, a homeowners' association shall be established for the purpose of maintenance responsibility. The organization shall incorporate the following provisions, which shall be submitted and approved prior to final plat approval:
A. 
Membership by all owners of property or interests in the project shall be mandatory. Required membership and the members' responsibilities shall be in writing between the organization and each member in the form of a covenant, with each agreeing to liability for his pro rata share of the organization's costs.
B. 
The organization shall be responsible for liability insurance (with the municipality carried as a named insured), taxes, maintenance and any other obligations assumed by the organization and shall hold the municipality harmless from any liability. The organization shall not be dissolved and shall not dispose of any common open space or common property by sale or otherwise except to an organization conceived and established to own and maintain such open space or property for the benefit of such development. Thereafter such organization shall not be dissolved or dispose of any of its open space or property without first offering to dedicate the same to the municipality wherein the land is located.
C. 
The organization shall be allowed to adjust the assessment to meet changing needs.
D. 
The organization shall clearly describe in its bylaws all the rights and obligations of each tenant and owner, including a copy of its covenants, model deeds and articles of incorporation. The master deed shall state that every tenant and property owner shall have the right to use all common properties.
E. 
The articles of incorporation, covenants, bylaws, model deeds and other legal instruments shall ensure that control of the organization shall be transferred to the members based on a percentage of the dwelling units sold and/or occupied and shall clearly indicate that, in the event such organization shall fail to maintain the common open space or common property in reasonable order and condition, the Village may serve written notice upon such organization or upon the owners of the development, setting forth the manner in which the organization has failed to maintain the common open space or common property in reasonable condition, and said notice shall include a demand that such deficiencies of maintenance be cured within 35 days thereof and shall state the date and place of a hearing thereon, which shall be held within 15 days of the notice. At such hearing, the designated Village body or officer, as the case may be, may modify the terms of the original notice as to deficiencies and may give a reasonable extension of time not to exceed 65 days within which they shall be cured. If the deficiencies set forth in the original notice or in the modification thereof shall not be cured within said 35 days or any permitted extension thereof, the Village, in order to preserve the common open space and common property and maintain the same for a period of one year, may enter upon and maintain such land. Said entry and maintenance shall not vest in the public any rights to use the common open space and common property except when the same is voluntarily dedicated to the public by the owners. Before the expiration of said year, the Village Commissioners shall, upon its initiative or upon the request of the organization theretofore responsible for the maintenance of the common open space and common property, call a public hearing upon 15 days' written notice to such organization and to the owners of the development, to be held by the Village Commissioners, at which hearing such organization and the owners of the development shall show cause why such maintenance by the Village shall not, at the election of the Village Commissioners, continue for a succeeding year. If the Village Commissioners shall determine that such organization is ready and able to maintain said open space and property in reasonable condition, the Village shall cease to maintain said open space and property at the end of said year. If the Village Commissioners shall determine such organization is not ready and able to maintain said open space and property in a reasonable condition, the Village Board of Commissioners may, in its discretion, have the Village continue to maintain said open space and property during the next succeeding year, subject to a similar hearing and determination in each year thereafter. The decision of the Village Commissioners in any such case shall constitute a final administrative decision subject to judicial review.
F. 
The cost of such maintenance by the Village shall be assessed pro rata against the properties within the development that have a right of enjoyment of the common open space and common property in accordance with assessed value at the time of imposition of the lien and shall become a lien and tax on said properties and be added to and be a part of the taxes to be levied and assessed thereon and shall be enforced and collected with interest by the same officers and in the same manner as other taxes.
The objective is to minimize undesirable off-site effects. All area lighting in places such as parking lots or for security shall provide translucent fixtures with shields around the light source. The light intensity at ground level shall be a maximum of one footcandle. The total quantity of light radiated above a horizontal plane passing through the light source shall not exceed 7.5%. For recreation purposes, more intense lighting may be permitted. In all instances, no lighting source shall shine or reflect into windows or onto streets and driveways. No lighting shall be a yellow, red, green or blue beam nor be rotating, pulsating or of other intermittent frequency.
(See § 96A-11, Permits.)
A. 
Insofar as is practical, lots shall be rectangular, lot lines shall be straight and side lot lines shall be either at right angles or radial to street lines,
B. 
Each lot must front upon an approved paved street.
C. 
Through lots with frontage on two streets are permitted, provided access shall be to the street with the lower traffic function.
D. 
On corner lots, the narrowest width shall be the front yard to determine front, side and rear yard requirements, regardless of how the owner faces the building. The building shall be set back from both streets the required front yard distance unless the prevailing setback on the street is different, in which case the building shall be set back to conform to the prevailing setback.
E. 
Extra width for street widenings in accordance with an adopted Master Plan or Official Map shall either be dedicated or, if not dedicated, be anticipated by increasing the lot size in anticipation of future right-of-way.
F. 
Where there is a question as to the suitability of a lot(s) due to rock formations, flood conditions, high-water table or similar circumstances, the approving authority may, after adequate investigation, withhold approval of such lots.
G. 
Where two or more contiguous lots exist under the same ownership and one or more of said lots do not conform to the area and/or dimension requirements of this chapter, said contiguous lots shall be considered merged into the greatest number of conforming lots.
H. 
Any nonconforming lot existing on October 22, 1968, and not meeting the definition of the previous subsection may have a building permit issued for a permitted use without an appeal for a variance, provided that the building coverage is not exceeded, the new structure does not violate any height or setback requirements, parking requirements are met and the nonconforming lot abuts lots on either side that are developed and the nonconforming lot is the largest possible assemblage of contiguous land under the preceding subsection. The side and rear yards may be reduced by the same percentage that the area of the undersized lot bears to the zone district requirements, except that no yard shall be less than 1/2 that required by this chapter or five feet, whichever is greater.
I. 
Whenever land has been dedicated to the Village in order to meet the minimum street width requirements or to implement the Official Map or Master Plan, the Building Inspector shall not withhold a building and/or occupancy permit when the lot depth and/or area was rendered substandard due to such dedication and where the owner has no adjacent lands to meet the minimum requirements.
J. 
On any lot where the prevailing front yard setback along a given street in an average block is greater than the minimum required by this chapter, the minimum setback for the front of the new building shall be increased to the average of the existing front yard setbacks along that side of the block. The minimum setback for the side of the building on a corner lot shall be the minimum front yard requirements of this chapter.
Monuments shall be the size and shape required by N.J.S.A. 46:23-9.12 (the Map Filing Law), as amended, be placed in accordance with said statute and indicated on the final plat.
Before final approval, the approving authority may require the payment of the developer's pro rata share of the following off-site and off-tract improvements: street improvements, water system, sewerage, drainage facilities and easements.
A. 
Essential off-site and off-tract improvements may be required to be installed or a performance guaranty furnished in lieu thereof, with the total cost borne by the developer.
(1) 
Where a development has no direct access to an improved street, water supply or sanitary sewer, the approving authority may nevertheless grant final approval if the developer shall acquire and improve such street between the development and an existing improved street and, in the case of water/sewer system(s), if the developer shall acquire and improve such water and sanitary sewer connections between the development and existing facilities.
(2) 
Where drainage waters are diverted from the development into other drainage systems or onto other lands or streets not adequate to accommodate the additional waters, the approving authority may grant final approval if the developer shall acquire, improve and dedicate to the Village such enlarged, additional or new drainage facilities.
(3) 
In lieu of the developer performing such off-site and off-tract work, the developer may request and the governing body may enter into an agreement for such work to be performed by the Village or its contractors at the cost of the developer.
(4) 
Where the approving authority determines that off-site and off-tract improvements are essential to the development and the developer does not consent to the improvements, the application shall be denied without prejudice to a future application at such time as the conditions no longer apply.
B. 
Advisable off-site and off-tract improvements. Where the approving authority finds that off-site and off-tract improvements would be advisable, although not essential, and the improvements would promote the objectives of this chapter and can be most appropriately accomplished in connection with the development, and particularly where the improvements would be required as a local improvement by the Village with the costs assessed against all properties specially benefited thereby, including the property of the developer, the following provisions shall apply:
(1) 
During the processing of the application the approving authority shall refer its recommendations for off-site and off-tract improvements to the governing body.
(2) 
If the governing body concurs, the Municipal Engineer or other authority retained by the Village shall determine the nature of the off-site and off-tract improvements, including the needs created by the applicant's proposed development and the then-existing needs in the area, notwithstanding any work of the applicant. He shall estimate the costs of such work, including all costs to be in any local improvement ordinance and those to be assessed to the developer and including costs for construction, engineering, any easement or right-of-way acquisition, legal work, advertising, contingencies, bonding and assessments.
(3) 
If the governing body will not adopt a local improvement ordinance, the final development shall be designed accordingly and the approving authority shall proceed on that basis.
(4) 
If a local improvement ordinance is adopted, the governing body shall proceed in the following manner:
(a) 
If sufficient funds are available for the initial appropriation, the governing body may appropriate such funds and adopt such ordinance.
(b) 
If sufficient funds are not available for the initial appropriation, the governing body may determine the anticipated amount that the lands of the applicant would be expected to be assessed.
[1] 
The amount determined by the governing body shall then be deposited by the applicant with the Village Treasurer prior to final approval and prior to introduction of such local improvement ordinance.
[2] 
Such deposit shall be made concurrent with an agreement between the applicant and the Village concerning the uses of the deposit, which shall include the following stipulations: that said funds shall be used by the Village solely for the expenses of such off-site and off-tract improvements; that such deposit may be appropriated by the Village, with other funds of the Village, and may be co-mingled with other appropriated funds and expended by the Village in connection with such purposes; that if such deposit is not used by the Village within a specified time agreed upon by the applicant, said funds shall be returned to the applicant; that upon completion of the work by the Village or its contractors, the properties specially benefited by such improvement shall be assessed as provided by law, including the property of the applicant; that the applicant's deposit shall be credited against the assessment made upon the applicant's property (whether or not applicant is then the owner thereof); and that if such deposit is less than the amount ultimately assessed against such property, then the owner(s) of said property shall pay the difference between the deposit and such assessment or, if the deposit exceeds the amount assessed, the excess shall be refunded to the applicant, without interest.
[3] 
Where said off-site and off-tract improvements are found by the approving authority to be advisable and important to the sound development of the site, but the developer is unwilling to make such deposit as specified above, then there shall be no final approval until funds become available for the initial appropriation required to adopt the local improvement ordinance.
(5) 
The determination of the governing body whether or not to proceed toward the adoption of a local improvement ordinance shall be made within 30 days after the referral by the approving authority unless such time shall be extended with the consent of the applicant. If the determination is not made within the designated period, the approving authority may proceed as if the governing body had determined that it would not adopt such local improvement ordinance.
A. 
Access to and from lots. Drives shall be limited to two to any street. The center lines of access points shall be spaced at least 65 feet apart. Each drive shall handle no more than two lanes of traffic, be at least 50 feet from the street line of any intersecting street, and be at least 20 feet from any property line. Curbing shall either be depressed at the driveway or be rounded at the corners, with the access drive connected to the street in the same manner as another street.
B. 
Access to parking and loading spaces. Access shall be by on-site aisles to permit each vehicle to proceed to and from each space without moving another vehicle. Parking spaces shall not be an extension of any street right-of-way.
C. 
Buffers. Parking and loading areas for 10 or more vehicles shall be buffered from adjoining streets and single-family residential uses, meeting the objectives of § 96A-37.
D. 
Curbing. Off-street parking areas containing 10 or more spaces and all off-street loading areas shall have concrete curbing around the perimeter located in conjunction with an overall drainage plan. Curbing shall be ramped in accordance with the "Design Standards for Curb Ramps for the Physically Handicapped" of the New Jersey Department of Transportation, with ramps opposite each aisle. Curbing shall be located to control access from adjoining streets and prevent vehicles from encroaching upon buffer and landscaped areas and street rights-of-way.
E. 
Dimensions.
(1) 
Off-street parking spaces shall be nine feet wide and 19 feet in length. In parking lots containing more than 10 spaces, a minimum of one space shall be at least 12 feet wide, and for parking lots with more than 20 spaces, 5% of all spaces, but not more than 10 spaces, shall be 12 feet wide. These wider spaces shall be located in one area and designated as parking for the handicapped. Each space shall be identified by painted lines.
(2) 
Off-street parking space aisles.
For Parking Spaces 9 Feet Wide
Angle of Parking Space
One-Way Aisle
(feet)
Two-Way Aisle
(feet)
90°
25
25
60°
18
20
45°
18
20
30°
15
18
Parallel
12
18
(3) 
Off-street loading spaces shall have 15 feet of vertical clearance and be designed as follows:
Length
(feet)
Width
(feet)
Apron Length
(feet)
(90°)
(60°)
60
10
72
66
60
12
63
57
60
14
60
54
F. 
Drainage. Facilities shall be installed in accordance with good engineering practice as approved by the Municipal Engineer and in accordance with the drainage provisions of § 96A-34. Where subbase conditions are wet, springy or of such nature that surfacing would be inadvisable without first treating the subbase, these areas shall be excavated to a depth of at least 12 inches below the proposed subgrade and filled with a suitable material, as determined by the Municipal Engineer. Where required by the Engineer, a system of porous concrete pipe subsurface drains shall be constructed beneath the surface of the paving and connected to suitable drain. Parking spaces shall not exceed a grade of 4%, and interior access drives shall not exceed 6.5%.
G. 
Surfacing. Surfacing shall be approved as part of the plan approval. Areas to experience heavy traffic shall be paved with not less than four inches of compacted base course of plant-mixed bituminous stabilized base course constructed in layers of not more than two inches compacted thickness, or equivalent, and a minimum one-and-one-half-inch-thick compacted wearing surface of bituminous concrete (FABC), or equivalent. All shall be constructed in accordance with the standard specifications of the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
H. 
Landscaping.
(1) 
Landscaping in parking areas for more than 10 cars and loading areas shall be shown on the site plan. Trees shall be spaced so as not to interfere with driver vision and shall have branches no lower than six feet. All areas between the parking area and the building shall be landscaped with trees, shrubs and ground cover. Any plantings which do not live shall be replaced within one year or one season. A majority of the parking areas for more than 50 cars shall be obscured from streets by buildings, landscaped berms, natural ground elevation or plantings, singly or in combination.
(2) 
In the R-3 Multifamily and R-4 Medium-Rise Multifamily Zones, every 50 feet of parking shall be interrupted by a planting strip of four feet (minimum).
(3) 
In the OP Zone, landscaping and parking areas for more than 50 vehicles shall have at least one tree for each 20 parking spaces. However, no landscaping shall be required on a top level of a parking garage.
I. 
Lighting. See § 96A-39.
J. 
Minimum parking and loading requirements. The number of spaces shall be based on the schedule in Article X of the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 96).
K. 
Location of parking and loading areas.
(1) 
Parking and loading spaces shall be located on the same lot as the use being served, except that a parking lot or parking garage may be located on an adjoining lot, provided that the parking lot or parking garage is located along the property line closest to the building being served. No off-street parking or loading spaces shall have direct access from a street. Parking areas for 10 or more vehicles may occupy front, side or rear yard areas of commercial uses and the side and rear yard areas of residential uses. Loading areas shall be located and/or serviced so as not to be visible from public streets.
(2) 
No loading and parking space shall be located in any required buffer area, and all spaces shall be set back at least two feet from street and property lines and buffer areas to prevent any part of a vehicle from overhanging the street right-of-way, property line or buffer areas.
(3) 
Parking spaces shall be within 200 feet of the entrance of the building being served.
(4) 
No parking shall be permitted in fire lanes, streets, driveways, aisles, sidewalks or turning areas.
(5) 
It shall be illegal to park, store or otherwise place in any setback area required under this chapter which is adjacent to a public street any passenger motor vehicle, commercial motor vehicle, bus, trailer, boat, airplane, motorcycle, motor scooter or any similar type means of conveyance. This prohibition shall not apply to legally paved areas when the provisions of this chapter permit the parking or storing of such vehicles but shall apply to any lawns, landscaped areas or the like which are required by this chapter and are known as either the front yard setback, the rear yard setback from a street, or the side yard setback from a secondary street.
All public services shall be connected to approved public utilities systems where they exist. The distribution supply lines and service connections shall be installed underground, except that lots which abut streets with existing overhead electric or telephone lines may be supplied from those overhead lines, but the service connections shall be installed underground. Should a road widening or an extension of service occur as a result of the development, any replacement, relocation or extension of existing overhead lines shall be underground.
All uses shall be provided with sewage disposal facilities by the required extension of sewer mains and connections, as approved by the Municipal Engineer, serving authority and, if required by law, the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.
Where required, new shade trees shall be installed on each lot. Trees shall have a minimum diameter of 2.5 inches as measured three feet above the ground and be one of the following species approved by the approving authority. Trees shall be planted 30 feet apart along all streets and be located in the front of the lot in a line with other trees along the same side of the street but be at least 30 feet from streetlights and street intersections. Trees shall be balled and burlapped, nursery grown, free from insects and disease and true to species and variety. Stripping trees or filling around trees in the yard portion of a lot shall not be permitted unless it can be shown that grading requirements necessitate removal of trees, in which case those lots shall be replanted to reestablish the tone of the area and to conform to adjacent lots. Planted trees that do not live shall be replaced by the developer during the next planting season. Parking lots shall be planted as required in § 96A-43, Off-street parking and loading.
Sugar maple (Acer saccharum)
Red oak (Quercus borealis maxima)
Pin oak (Quercus palustris)
Ginkgo (male only), (Ginkgo biloba)
Thornless honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos inermis)
London plane (Platanus acerifolia)
Willow oak (Quercus phellos)
Scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)
Sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua)
Japanese pagoda tree (Sophera japonica)
Little leaf linden (Tilia cordata)
Sidewalks shall be installed in locations determined by the approving authority to be in the interest of public safety, considering the logical extension or improvement to existing sidewalks, probable volume of pedestrian traffic, the adjoining street classification, school bus stops and the general type of improvement intended. Where required, sidewalks shall be at least eight feet wide in a commercial zone and four feet wide in all other zones; four inches thick, except at points of vehicular crossing, where they shall be at least eight inches thick; of Class B concrete having a twenty-eight-day compressive strength of 4,000 pounds per square inch, and shall be air-entrained. Where sidewalks cross curbs, curb ramps shall be provided as outlined in § 96A-33, Curbs and gutters. Preformed expansion joint material shall be placed at twenty-foot intervals and where sidewalks abut curbing or a structure.
See § 96-7.7, Sight triangles, of the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 96) of the Village of Ridgefield Park.
All major site plans and major subdivisions shall incorporate soil erosion and sediment control programs phased according to the scheduled progress of the development, including anticipated starting and completion dates. The purpose is to control soil erosion and sediment damages to promote the public safety, health, convenience and general welfare of the community. See § 96-8.5, Floodplain regulations, of the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 96) of the Village of Ridgefield Park, and § 96A-34, Drainage, of this chapter.
A. 
Data required.
(1) 
A plan establishing the means for controlling soil erosion and sedimentation at the applicant's expense, certified by the Soil Conservation District.
(2) 
The plan shall be prepared by a professional engineer licensed in New Jersey, except in instances where the preparation of a plan does not include or require the practice of engineering as defined in N.J.S.A. 45:8-28, and shall contain:
(a) 
Location and description of general topography and soil characteristics on and surrounding the site, including a copy of the Soil Conservation Service soil survey.
(b) 
Proposed changes to contours, showing existing and post-construction conditions.
(c) 
Proposed measures for controlling soil erosion and sediment during and after construction.
(d) 
The sequence of installing erosion and sediment control measures, including anticipated starting and completion dates.
B. 
General design principles.
(1) 
Guiding principles.
(a) 
Stripping of vegetation, grading or other soil disturbance shall be done in a manner which will minimize soil erosion.
(b) 
Whenever feasible, natural vegetation shall be retained and protected.
(c) 
The extent of the disturbed area and the duration of its exposure shall be kept within practical limits.
(d) 
Either temporary seeding, mulching or other suitable stabilization measures shall be used to protect exposed critical areas during construction or other land disturbances.
(e) 
Drainage provisions shall accommodate increased runoff resulting from modified soil and surface conditions during and after development or land disturbance.
(f) 
Water runoff shall be minimized and retained on site, wherever possible, to facilitate groundwater recharge.
(g) 
Sediment shall be retained on site.
(h) 
Diversions, sediment basins and similar structures shall be installed, where required, prior to any on-site grading or land disturbance.
(2) 
Grading and filling. All fill shall be clean fill and/or topsoil. Grading shall be limited to areas shown on an approved plat. Any topsoil disturbed during grading operations shall be redistributed throughout the site.
(3) 
Soil removal and redistribution. Excavation of soil, other than as required to construct approved structures and facilities, shall be prohibited. Any application proposing the disturbance of more than 5,000 square feet of surface area of land, as defined in the Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Act, P.L. 1975, c. 251 (N.J.S.A. 4:24-39 et seq.), shall include the following: the means to control or prevent erosion; providing for sedimentation basin(s) for soil that does erode due to water; controlling drainage, dust and mud on the premises as well as on abutting lands; preserving soil fertility and the ability of the area to support plant and tree growth by maintenance of adequate topsoil consisting of at least six inches of the original layer; maintaining necessary lateral support and grades of abutting lands, structures and other improvements; preventing pits and declivities which are hazardous or which provide insect-breeding locations; and not altering the physical limitations and characteristics of the soil in such a way as to prevent the use to which the land may lawfully be put.
C. 
Maintenance. All erosion and sediment control measures shall be maintained for two years after completion or until such measures are permanently stabilized, as determined by the Municipal Engineer, whichever is longer.
D. 
Exemptions. The following are exempt from the soil erosion and sediment control provisions:
(1) 
Land disturbance associated with the construction of a single-family dwelling unit unless such unit is a part of a proposed subdivision, site plan, zoning variance or building permit application involving two or more such single-family dwelling units.
(2) 
Land disturbance of 5,000 square feet or less of the surface area of land for the accommodation of construction for which the Standard Building Code of the State of New Jersey would require a building permit.
(3) 
Agricultural use of lands when operated in accordance with a farm conservation plan approved by the local Soil Conservation District or when it is determined by the local Soil Conservation District that such use will not cause excessive erosion and sedimentation.
(4) 
Use of land for gardening primarily for home consumption.
(5) 
Percolation tests and/or soil borings.
A. 
All developments shall be served by paved streets. Streets not shown on the Master Plan or Official Map shall provide for the appropriate extension of existing streets, conform to the topography as far as practical and allow for continued extension into adjoining undeveloped tracts.
B. 
Residential development bounded by any arterial or collector street shall control access to said streets by having all driveways intersect minor streets. Where circumstance(s) may dictate that a driveway enter an arterial or collector street, the lot shall provide on-site turnaround facilities, and abutting lots may be required to use one curb cut. All lots with reverse frontage shall have an additional 25 feet of lot depth to provide a buffer area, which shall be planted with nursery-grown trees or, where topography permits, earthen berms may be created. Berms shall not be less than five feet in height, shall be stabilized by ground cover and be planted with evergreens and deciduous trees according to a landscaping plan and § 96A-46.
C. 
Street rights-of-way shall be measured from lot line to lot line. No continuation of an existing street shall be continued at a width less than the existing street, although a greater width may be required in accordance with the following schedule:
Street Classification
Minimum Right-of-Way Width
(feet)
Traffic Lanes
Width Between Curbs
(feet)
Arterial
70
4 at 10.5 feet
58
Collector
60
2 at 11 feet
36
Primary local
50
2 at 10 feet
34
Secondary local
50
2 at 10 feet
30
D. 
No reserve strips shall be approved except where the control and disposal of land comprising such strips has been given to the governing body.
E. 
Where a development adjoins or includes existing streets that do not conform to widths shown on the Master Plan or Official Map or the requirements of this chapter, additional land along both sides of said street sufficient to conform to the rights-of-way requirements shall be either dedicated or anticipated in the development design by creating oversized lots in a subdivision as well as increased building setbacks to accommodate the widening at some future date. The additional widening may be offered to the Village and, if offered, shall be expressed on the plat as follows: "Street right-of-way easement granted to the Village of Ridgefield Park." If the subdivision is along one side only, 1/2 the required extra width shall be anticipated.
F. 
Local streets shall be designed to discourage through traffic, and grades shall not exceed 10%. On arterial and collector streets, grades shall not exceed 4%. The minimum grade shall be 0.75%. Maximum grade on any street within 100 feet of an intersection shall be 4%.
G. 
No local streets shall be part of a four-way intersection. Intersecting street center lines shall be as nearly at right angles as possible, and in no case shall they be less than 75°. Approaches to all intersections shall follow a straight line for at least 100 feet, measured from the curbline of the intersecting street to the beginning of the curve. No more than two street center lines shall meet or intersect at any one point, and center-line offsets of less than 125 feet shall be prohibited; intersections shall be rounded at the curbline, with the street having the highest radius requirement as outlined below determining the minimum standard for all curblines: arterial at 40 feet, collector at 30 feet and local streets at 20 feet.
H. 
Sight triangles shall be provided as required in § 96-7.7 of the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 96) of the Village of Ridgefield Park.
I. 
Curved streets shall have a radius conforming to standard engineering practice so that the minimum sight distance within the curbline shall be 160 feet for a local street, 300 feet for a collector street and 550 feet for an arterial street.
J. 
Changes in horizontal and vertical alignment where the algebraic difference "A" exceeds 1% shall be connected by a curve having a length equal to 30A for local streets and 50A for collector and arterial streets.
K. 
Dead-end (cul-de-sac) streets.
(1) 
Dead-end streets of a permanent nature (where its extension is impractical or impossible) or of a temporary nature (where provision is made for the future extension of the street) shall provide a turnaround at the end with a right-of-way radius of not less than 50 feet and a curbline radius of not less than 40 feet. The center point for the radius shall be on the center line of the associated street or, if offset, to a point where the curbline radius is tangent to the curbline of the approaching street.
(2) 
If a dead-end street is temporary, provisions shall be made for removal of the turnaround and reversion of the excess right-of-way to the adjoining properties as an off-tract responsibility of the developer creating the street extension when the street is extended.
(3) 
A dead-end street shall serve no more than 20 lots or dwelling units nor exceed a length of 500 feet.
L. 
No street shall have a name which duplicates or so nearly duplicates in spelling or phonetic sound the name of existing streets as to be confused therewith. The continuation of an existing street shall have the same name. The names of new streets shall be approved by the approving authority.
M. 
Streetlighting. In all major developments, streetlights shall be installed at street intersections and approximately 200 feet apart along one side of all streets. All service connections shall be underground. The design and type shall conform to recent installations and be approved by the Engineer before installation.
N. 
Streets shall be constructed in accordance with the standard specifications of the New Jersey Department of Transportation. Pavement thicknesses shall be not less than the following.
(1) 
Arterial and collector streets.
(a) 
Bituminous stabilized base course: six inches compacted thickness.
(b) 
FABC, two-surface course: two inches compacted thickness.
(2) 
Local streets.
(a) 
Bituminous stabilized base course: five inches compacted thickness.
(b) 
FABC, one-surface course: 1 1/2 inches compacted thickness.
(3) 
Where subbase conditions are wet, springy or of such nature that surfacing would be inadvisable without first treating the subbase, these areas shall be excavated to a depth of at least 12 inches below the proposed subgrade and filled with a suitable subbase material as determined by the Municipal Engineer. Where required by the Engineer, a system of porous concrete pipe subsurface drains shall be constructed beneath the surface of the paving and connected to a suitable drain. After the subbase material has been properly placed and compacted, the surfacing material shall be applied.
No topsoil shall be removed from the development site or used as spoil or fill. In addition, topsoil removed during the course of construction shall be redistributed in the development so as to provide equal distribution of cover to all areas of the development and shall be stabilized by seeding and planting. At least six inches of topsoil shall be provided on all areas not occupied by buildings or walks.
Where water is accessible from a servicing utility, the developer shall arrange for a connection to the system to serve each use.
All amendments to this chapter which form a part of the Development Regulations of the Village of Ridgefield Park shall be adopted in accordance with the provisions of the New Jersey Municipal Land Use Law.
A. 
Any person or entity who violates any provision of this chapter shall be punished by a fine not exceeding $1,000 or by imprisonment in a place provided by the municipality for the detention of prisoners not exceeding 90 days or by a period of community service not exceeding 90 days. Any person who is convicted of violating this chapter within one year of the date of a previous conviction of the same ordinance, and who was fined for a previous violation or was sentenced to a term in jail or to community service, shall be fined by the court to an additional fine or jail sentence or community service as a repeat defender. The additional penalty shall not be less than $100 and shall not exceed the sum of $1,000 or imprisonment for a term not to exceed 90 days or the person may be required to perform community service for a term not to exceed 90 days.
B. 
In the event a person cannot pay the fine, the court may provide, in default of the payment of the fine, imprisonment in the County Jail for a term not to exceed 90 days. The person may be required to perform 90 days of community service. All penalties for a violation of this chapter shall be in accordance with N.J.S.A. 40:49-5, and the Code of the Village of Ridgefield Park. In addition to the foregoing penalties, the municipality may enforce this chapter as for any violation of ordinance in accordance with N.J.S.A. 40:55D-18, which action shall be in the Superior Court of the State of New Jersey. Each day a provision of this chapter is violated shall constitute a separate and distinct violation.
All ordinances or parts of ordinances contrary to or inconsistent with this chapter are hereby superseded. Any and all ordinances or parts thereof in conflict or inconsistent with any of the terms and provisions of this chapter are hereby repealed to such extent as they are so in conflict or inconsistent.
This chapter is being published in accordance with the provisions of N.J.S.A. 40:49-2 and 40:55D-62 et seq. Three copies of this chapter as introduced have been placed on file in the Village Clerk's office and are available for public inspection until final action is taken on the chapter. Copies of these Development Regulations, upon publication, shall be available to any members of the public who request the same. This chapter shall become effective upon final publication in accordance with the laws. A copy of this chapter shall also be filed or adopted by the Bergen County Planning Board.