Village of Siren, WI
Burnett County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Village Board of the Village of Siren as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Building construction — See Ch. 225.
Water — See Ch. 520.
Subdivision of land — See Ch. 582.
[Adopted 6-5-2008 (Title 5, Ch. 3 of the 1988 Code)]
This article regulates the use of public and private sewers and drains, discharge of septage into the public sewerage system, and the discharge of waters and wastes into the public sewerage system within the Village. It provides for and explains the method used for levying and collecting wastewater treatment service charges, sets uniform requirements for discharges into the wastewater collection and treatment systems and enables the Village to comply with administrative provisions and other discharge criteria which are required or authorized by the State of Wisconsin or federal law. Its intent is to derive the maximum public benefit by regulating the characteristics of wastewater discharged into the Village sewerage system.
This article provides a means for determining wastewater volumes, constituents and characteristics, the setting of charges and fees, and the issuing of permits to certain users. Revenues derived from the application of this article shall be used to defray the costs of operating and maintaining adequate wastewater collection and treatment systems and to provide sufficient funds for capital outlay, debt service costs and capital improvements. The charges and fees herein have been established pursuant to requirements of the Wisconsin Statutes. This article shall supersede any previous ordinance, rules or regulations and shall repeal all parts thereof that may be inconsistent with this article. If there is any conflict between this article and any applicable statute, the state statute shall be controlling.
Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms used in this article shall be as follows. "May" is permissible; "shall" is mandatory.
A structure or building that will be used exclusively for an existing building or business located on the same property. Examples are storage facility, office space or commercial activity that is an extension of the primary business.
One of the oxidation states of nitrogen, in which nitrogen is combined with hydrogen in molecular form as NH3 or in ionized form as NH4. Quantitative determination of ammonia nitrogen shall be made in accordance with procedures set forth in Standard Methods or Ch. NR 149, Wis. Adm. Code.
The Village of Siren or its duly authorized committee, agent, or representative.
The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter in five days at 20° C., expressed as milligrams per liter. Quantitative determination of BOD shall be made in accordance with procedures set forth in the most recent edition of Standard Methods.
That part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste, and other drainage pipes inside the wall of the building and conveys it to the building sewer.
The extension from the public sewer or other place of disposal beginning outside the inner face of the building wall and ending at the public sewer. The wye fitting or other type of connection to the public sewer is considered part of the building sewer.
Chemical elements and compounds that are typically found in wastewater and may be regulated by this article. These are as follows:
Chemical Element
Chemical Element
Ammonia Nitrogen
Benzo (a) Anthracene
Benzo (a) pyrane
BIS (2 Ethylhexyl) Phthalate
(C3H7(C2H5)CHCH2OCO)2C6 H4
Carbon Tetrachloride
3,3- Dichlorbenzidine
2, 4-D
Dimethyl Nitrosoamine
2,4,6, - Trichlorophenol
Vinyl Chloride
Any user whose premises is used primarily for the conduct of a profit-oriented enterprise in the field of construction, wholesale or retail trade, finance, insurance, real estate or services and who discharges primarily normal domestic wastewater. Apartment buildings with four or more units shall be considered commercial users.
The Village Board of Siren.
Biochemical oxygen demand, suspended solids, phosphorus, ammonia, or pH, plus additional pollutants identified in the WPDES permit for the publicly owned treatment works receiving the pollutant if such works were designed to treat such additional pollutants to a substantial degree.
Water-carried wastes normally discharging into the sanitary sewers from dwellings (including apartment houses and condominiums) and commercial establishments, free from stormwater and industrial waste. Domestic wastewater shall have a strength equal to or less than 300 milligrams per liter BOD5, 300 milligrams per liter suspended solids, and elemental phosphorus equal to or less than 12 milligrams per liter.
An acquired legal right for the specific use of property owned by another.
Oil, fat, or grease in a physical state such that it will separate by gravity from wastewater by treatment in an approved pretreatment facility. A wastewater or septage shall be considered free of floatable fat if it is properly pretreated and the wastewater does not interfere with the collection or treatment system.
The residue from the preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food and from the handling, storage, and sale of food products and produce.
Pumping units and pressurized lines for individual structures owned, installed and maintained by the property owner.
The residue from the preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food that has been shredded to such degree that all particulates will be no greater than 1/2 inch in any dimension and will be carried freely in suspension under normal flow conditions in sewers.
Wastewater or septage with pollutants or of such a strength that will adversely affect or disrupt the wastewater treatment processes or effluent quality or sludge quality if discharged to the sewerage system facility.
The wastewater from industrial process, trade, or business, as distinct from sanitary sewage, including cooling water and the discharge from sewage pretreatment facilities.
A person or business holding a valid license to do septage servicing under Ch. NR 113, Wis. Adm. Code.
The wastewater of a community. From the standpoint of source, it may be a combination of the liquid and water-carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants and institutions, together with any groundwater, surface water, and stormwater that may have inadvertently entered the sewerage system. Also termed "sewage."
Any outlet, including storm sewers, into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface water or groundwater.
A weight-to-weight ratio; the parts per million value multiplied by the factor 8.34 shall be equivalent to pounds per million gallons of water.
Any and all persons, including any individual, firm, company, municipal or private corporation, association, society, institution, enterprise, government agency, or other entity.
The logarithm of the reciprocal of hydrogen ion concentration. The concentration is the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution. Neutral water, for example, has a pH value of 7 and a hydrogen ion concentration of 10.
The total phosphorus in wastewater, which may be present in any of three principal forms: orthophosphates, polyphosphates, and organic phosphates. Quantitative determination of total phosphorus shall be made in accordance with procedures set forth in Standard Methods.
Publicly owned treatment works. It is used interchangeably with "wastewater treatment facility (WWTF)."
Any sewer provided by or subject to the jurisdiction of the Village of Siren. It shall also include sewers within or outside the corporate boundaries that serve one or more persons and ultimately discharge into the Village sanitary sewer system, even though those sewers may not have been constructed with Village funds.
All costs associated with establishing a fund to accumulate the necessary resources to replace equipment as required to maintain capacity and performance during the design life of the facility. A separate, segregated, distinct replacement fund shall be established and used only for replacement of equipment.
The system whereby sewer user charges can be distributed amongst the different types of users on an equitable basis. The unit is use based and is established using a neutral parameter such as gallons of water used or volume of wastewater expected from a user.
A structure or building or part of the same used principally as a single-family dwelling or single-family housing unit.
Any user whose premises is used primarily as a domicile for one or more persons and discharges only domestic wastes, but not including dwellings classified as "commercial user."
A combination of liquid and water-carried wastes discharged from toilets and/or sanitary plumbing facilities, together with such groundwater, surface water, and stormwater as may have inadvertently entered the sewerage system.
A sewer that carries liquid and water-carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants, and institutions, together with small quantities of groundwater, stormwater, and surface water that are not admitted intentionally.
The wastewater or contents of septic or holding tanks, dosing chambers, grease interceptors, seepage beds, seepage pits, seepage trenches, privies or portable rest rooms.
Refer to "building sewer."
The spent water of a community. The preferred term is "municipal wastewater."
All structures, conduits and pipes by which sewage is collected, treated, and disposed of, except plumbing inside and in connection with buildings served, and service pipes, from the building to the sewer main.
The areas presently served and anticipated to be served by a municipal wastewater collection system. State regulations (Ch. NR 121, Wis. Adm. Code) require that water quality management plans delineate sewer service areas of urban areas with a population of over 10,000. Approved facility plans contain less detailed sewer service areas for communities under 10,000 in population.
A service charge levied on users of the wastewater collection and treatment facilities for payment of use-related capital expenses as well as the operation and maintenance costs, including replacement of said facilities.
The common sanitary sewers within a sewerage system that are primarily installed to receive wastewaters directly from facilities that convey wastewater from individual structures or from private property. The service connection "Y" fittings designed for connection with those facilities are part of the Village-owned sewer system. The facilities that convey wastewater from individual structures or from private property to the public sanitary sewer, or its equivalent, are specifically excluded from the definition of "sewer system." Pumping units and pressurized lines for individual structures or groups of structures are also specifically excluded from the definition of "sewer system."[1]
Any substance release at a discharge rate and/or concentration which causes interference with wastewater treatment processes or plugging or surcharging of the sewer system.
The examination and analytical procedures set forth in the most recent edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater published jointly by the American Public Health Association, the American Water Works Association and the Water Environment Federation.[2]
STORM DRAIN (sometimes termed "storm sewer")
A drain or sewer for conveying surface water, groundwater, subsurface water or unpolluted water from any source.
That portion of the rainfall that is collected and drained into the storm sewers.
Solids that either float on the surface of or are in suspension in water, wastewater, septage, or other liquids and that are removable by laboratory filtering as prescribed in Standard Methods and are referred to as "nonfilterable residue."
Water of quality equal to or better than the effluent criteria in effect or water that would not cause violation of receiving water quality standards and would not be benefited by discharge to the sanitary sewers and wastewater treatment facilities provided.
Any person who discharges or causes to be discharged domestic wastewater, industrial discharges or any other wastewater into the public sewer system.
The structures, equipment, and processes required to collect, carry away, store, and treat domestic and industrial waste and septage and dispose of the effluent and sludge.
An arrangement of devices and structures for treating wastewater, septage, industrial waste, and sludge. Sometimes used synonymously with "waste treatment facility," "wastewater treatment facility(ies) (WWTF)," or "publicly owned treatment works (POTW)."
A natural or artificial channel for the passage of water, either continuously or intermittently.
The document issued by the State of Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources which establishes effluent limitations and monitoring requirements for a municipal wastewater treatment facility.
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
The management, operation, and control of the sewer system for the Village of Siren is vested in the Village Board; all records, minutes and all written proceedings thereof shall be kept by the Village Clerk-Treasurer; the Village Clerk-Treasurer shall keep all the financial records.
Construction. The Village Board shall have the power to construct wastewater treatment facilities, transport facilities, and sewer lines for public use and shall have the power to lay sewer pipes in and through the alleys, streets, and public grounds of the Village and generally to do all such work as may be found necessary or convenient in the management of the sewer system. The Village Board shall have power by itself, its officers, agents, and servants to enter upon any land for the purpose of making examination or supervising in the performance of its duties under this article, without liability therefor, and the Village Board shall have power to purchase and acquire for the Village all real and personal property which may be necessary for construction of the sewer system or for any repair, remodeling, or additions thereto.
Maintenance of services. The property owner shall own and maintain sewer service from the main in the street to the house without expense to the Village. All sewer services must be maintained free of defective conditions by and at the expense of the owner or occupant of the property. When any sewer service is to be relaid and there are two or more buildings on such service, each building shall be disconnected from such service and a new sewer service shall be installed for each building. Each new service shall conform to the requirements set forth in § 440-4 of this article. Grinder pumps required to provide service shall be owned and maintained by the property owner. Each grinder pump shall service only one individual property. Sharing of grinder pumps between properties is not allowed.
Condemnation of real estate. Whenever any real estate or any easement therein, or use thereof, shall in the judgment of the Village be necessary to the sewer system, and whenever, for any cause, an agreement for the purchase thereof cannot be made with the owner thereof, the Village shall proceed with all necessary steps to take such real estate easement or use by condemnation in accordance with the Wisconsin Statutes and the Uniform Relocation and Real Property Acquisition Policy Act of 1970, if federal funds are used.
Title to real estate and personalty. All property, real, personal, and mixed, acquired for the construction of the sewer system and all plans, specifications, diagrams, papers, books and records connected with said sewer system and all buildings, machinery, and fixtures pertaining thereto shall be the property of the Village.
General. The rules, regulations, and sewer rates of the Village hereinafter set forth shall be considered a part of the contract with every person, company or corporation who or which is connected to or uses the Village sewer system or wastewater treatment facility, and every such person, company or corporation, by connecting with the sewer system or wastewater treatment facility, shall be considered as expressing his or its assent to be bound thereby. Whenever any of said rules and regulations, or such others as the Village may hereafter adopt, are violated, the use or service shall be shut off from the building or place of such violation (even though two or more parties are receiving service through the same connection) and shall not be reestablished except by order of the Village and on payment of all arrears, the expenses and established charges of shutting off and putting on, and such other terms as the Village may determine, and a satisfactory understanding with the party that no further cause for complaint shall arise. In case of such violation, the Village, furthermore, may declare any payment made for the service by the party or parties committing such violation to be forfeited, and the same shall thereupon be forfeited. The right is reserved to the Village to change these said rules, regulations, and sewer rates from time to time as it may deem advisable and make special rates and contracts in all proper cases. The following rules and regulations for the governance of licensed plumbers, sewer users and others are hereby adopted and established.
Plumbers. No plumber, pipe fitter, or other person shall be permitted to do any plumbing or pipe fitting work in connection with the sewer system without first obtaining permission from the Village. All service connections to the sewer main shall comply with the State Plumbing Code.
Connection allowed. Connection to the municipal sewer system shall be allowed and service shall be provided only:
To premises on properties that are:
Located within the corporate limits of the Village of Siren; or
Part of a sanitary district, or owned by another local unit of government, under an intergovernmental agreement for service with the Village of Siren.
Under an interim agreement with a property owner prior to annexation of the property.
Mandatory hookup.
Except as provided under Subsection C(3), the owner of each parcel of land in the Village adjacent to a sewer main on which there exists a building usable for human habitation or in a block through which such system is extended shall connect to such system within 365 days of notice in writing from the Village. Upon failure to do so, the Village may cause such connection to be made and bill the property owner for such costs. If such costs are not paid within 30 days, such costs shall be assessed as a special tax lien against the property; however, the owner may, within 30 days after the completion of the work, file a written option with the Village stating that he or she cannot pay such amount in one sum and asking that it be levied in not to exceed five equal installments and that the amount shall be so collected with interest at the rate of 6% per annum from the completion of the work, the unpaid balance being a special tax lien, all pursuant to § 66.0715, Wis. Stats.
In lieu of the above, the Village at its option may impose a penalty on any owner failing to make a connection to the sewer system, after 10 days' written notice, of a forfeiture in an amount equal to 150% of the minimum monthly charge for sewer service, payable monthly for the period in which the failure to connect continues. Upon failure to make such payment, said charge shall be assessed as a special tax lien against the property, all pursuant to § 66.0715, Wis. Stats.[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
Properties annexed to the Village after January 1, 2007.
Premises with existing on-site private wastewater disposal systems may continue to be used, and connection, as listed under Subsection C(2), shall not be required if a permit is issued by the Village for continued use of the disposal system.
Permits shall be issued to private systems that are in compliance with the Burnett County Private Sewage System Ordinance at the time of annexation and have a sanitary permit from Burnett County.
Connection under Subsection C(2) is required for all new buildings with plumbing systems and is required when existing buildings are renovated or added onto such that the existing private wastewater system is no longer adequate under Ch. Comm 83, Wis. Adm. Code.
Permits shall be valid for three years and may be renewed for two times for a maximum permit time of nine years if the private sewage system is managed in accordance with § Comm 83.54, Wis. Adm. Code, including inspection every three years.
If a property which has been using a private well under a private well permit issued by the Village of Siren is for any reason connected to the municipal water system, connection to the municipal sewer system shall be required.
This article ordains that the failure to connect to the sewer system in conformance with this article is contrary to the minimum health standards of the Village and fails to assure preservation of public health, comfort, and safety of the Village.
Septic tank prohibited. Except as allowed in Subsection C(3) for properties annexed after January 1, 2007, the maintenance and use of septic tanks, holding disposal systems within the area of the tanks and other private sewage disposal within the area of the Village serviced by its sewer system are hereby declared to be a public nuisance and a health hazard. From and after August 1, 1978, the use of septic tanks, holding tanks or any private sewage disposal system within the area of the Village serviced by the sewerage system shall be prohibited.[2]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
Application for sewer service. Every property owner desiring to connect to the sewer system shall file an application in writing with the Village on such form as is prescribed for that purpose. Blanks for such applications will be furnished at the office of the Village Clerk-Treasurer. The application must state fully and truthfully all the wastes which will be discharged. The application must provide the complete, correct legal description of the property to be served. Property owners who are already connected to the sewer system but who change the use of their buildings shall file an application for the new use.[3]
An application for disposal of industrial waste shall include:
Estimated volume of waste;
Variations in rate of discharge;
Characteristics of waste; and
Strength of waste.
The applicant shall be the owner of the premises. A copy of Form 1, Siren Application Form for Water and Sewer Connection, is available in the office of the Village Clerk-Treasurer. Persons connected to the sewer system of the Village are referred to herein as "users." If it appears that the service applied for will not provide adequate service for the contemplated use, the Village may reject the application. If the Village approves the application, it shall issue a permit for service as shown on the application.
The service shall not be installed and no building shall be connected to an existing lateral until the Village approves the application.
Applications for service shall have a fee as set by the Village Board.
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
Application for septage disposal. Discharge of septage will not be allowed to the Village sewerage system.
Costs for connections and lateral installation. Users attaching to a sewer main shall have the lateral from the sewer main installed at their own expense. This includes all work within the street right-of-way and on private property. Patching of Village streets, county or state roads, curb, and sidewalks shall be the responsibility of the person attaching to the sewer main. All lateral installations will be inspected by the Village or its authorized representative to ensure compliance with Village requirements. The person connecting shall be responsible to pay for all inspection charges by the Village or its authorized representative.
User to keep in repair. All users shall keep their own building sewer or service pipes in good repair and protected from frost, at their own risk and expense, and shall prevent any unnecessary overburdening of the sewer system. This includes the portion of the service pipe located within the street right-of-way and the service wye or connection to the main.
Backflow preventor. If required by the Village, building drains shall have a backflow prevention valve installed at the owner's expense.
Foundation drain, sump pump, and roof drain discharges to the sanitary sewer are prohibited. No foundation drains, sump pumps, roof drains, or catch basin drains are permitted to discharge to the sanitary sewer system. Stormwater and clear water sources must be excluded from the sanitary sewer system.
User use only. No user shall allow other persons or other services to connect to the sewer system through its lateral.
User to permit inspection. Every user shall permit the Village or its duly authorized agent, at all reasonable hours of the day, to enter its premises or building to examine the pipes and fixtures and the manner in which the drains and sewer connections operate, and the user must at all times, frankly and without concealment, answer all questions put to it relative to its use, all in accordance with this article and § 196.171, Wis. Stats.
Utility responsibility. It is expressly stipulated that no claim shall be made against the Village or acting representative by reason of the breaking, clogging, stoppage, or freezing of any building sewers or service pipes, nor from any damage arising from repairing mains, making connections or extensions or any other work that may be deemed necessary. The right is hereby reserved to cut off the service at any time for the purpose of repairs of any other necessary purpose, any permit granted or regulations to the contrary notwithstanding. Whenever it shall become necessary to shut off the sewer within any area of the Village, the Village shall, if practicable, give notice to each and every consumer within the area of the time when such service will be shut off.
Excavations. In making excavations in streets or highways for laying service pipe or making repairs, the paving and the earth removed must be deposited in a manner that will result in the least inconvenience to the public.
No person shall leave any such excavation made in any street or highway open at any time without barricades, and during the night warning lights must be maintained at such excavations.
In refilling the opening, after the service pipes are laid, the earth must be laid in layers of not more than nine inches in depth and each layer thoroughly compacted to prevent settling. This work, together with the replacing of sidewalks, ballast and paving, must be done so as to make the street as good, at least, as before it was disturbed and satisfactory to the Village. No opening of the streets for tapping the pipes will be permitted when the ground is frozen.
Tapping the mains. No persons, except those having special permission from the Village or persons in their service and approved by them, will be permitted under any circumstances to tap the mains or collection pipes. The kind and size of the connection to the pipe shall be that specified in the permits or order from the Village to ensure that new sewers and connections to the sewer system are properly designed and constructed.
Pipes should always be tapped on top and not within six inches (15 centimeters) of the joint or within 24 inches (60 centimeters) of another lateral connection. All service connections to mains must comply with the State Plumbing Code. Lateral connections to existing sewers shall be made with saddles and by coring the existing sewer or by inserting (cutting in) a wye or tee into the existing sewer. The wye or tee shall be of the same pipe material as the existing sewer. Where the existing sewer is clay, the wye or tee shall be PVC. The lateral/tee connection shall be made with approved adaptors or couplings.
A separate tap or connection fee shall be paid for each connection to the sewage system. The Village shall specify these fees by separate ordinance. Each building with sewer service on a property shall be responsible to pay a tap or connection fee.
Installation of house laterals. All building sewers and service pipes (laterals) on private property will be installed in accordance with Ch. Comm 82, Design, Construction, Installation, Supervision, Maintenance and Inspection of Plumbing, Wis. Adm. Code, especially § Comm 82.30, Sanitary drain systems. Building sewers within the street right-of-way shall be installed per Village standards.
Connections shall be made by permit only, using a certified contractor. See requirements regarding licensing of plumbers in this article. The required permit is incorporated in this article in Appendix A.[4]
Editor's Note: Appendix A is on file at the office of the Village Clerk-Treasurer.
The individual property owner is responsible to have a backflow preventor, lateral, and connection installed in accordance with the code references cited above.
All laterals shall be inspected as required by Ch. Comm 82, Wis. Adm. Code.
Fees for building sewer connections and inspections shall be established by the Village by separate ordinance.
Extensions. The Village shall extend sewer mains to a new person(s) in accordance with the following charges and the following conditions:
When an extension of a sewer main is required by the prospective user, said person shall make an application on such a form as is prescribed for that purpose for such an extension in writing to the Village by filing of such an application. The Village shall first determine the logical location of the next manhole or manholes. Next, the Village shall determine the length and location of the extension, taking into consideration the prospective demands for service, the capacity of downstream facilities, and the orderly development of the particular area. No extension shall be made for a distance less than to the next manhole. All sewer extensions shall be constructed in compliance with local and state laws, ordinances, and regulations.
The person who requests the extension shall pay the entire cost of said extension, including the manhole or manholes that are part of the extension. If more than one user in involved, the entire cost shall be divided among these users.
After making the decision as to the length and location of the extension and prior to the time of making the charge to the person(s), the Village shall determine the benefits to be received by any parcel that can be served by said extension. Before making a determination as to benefits received, Village shall first divide the area to be served into logical building lots. The Village may consider the recommendations of the landowner in determining said building lots if the landowner as part of his or her application accompanies said application with a proposed division of said land into lots for sale or use. In determining the amount to be paid by the original users, if more than one user is involved, the division of the charge shall be made by considering each building lot as a separate user.
Payments are to be considered contributions to construction, and after the original contribution, in any future connection by reason other than to a lot owned by a party making a previous contribution, such user shall be required to pay to the Village its pro rata share of the lot or lots owned by the new attaching user in the entire extension cost as if said user had been one of the original contributors.
In addition to the charge made as above provided to each lot, each user shall pay the full cost of the lateral from the main to its building.
Private systems prohibited. Except as provided in Subsection C(3), the maintenance and use of private sewage disposal systems within the area of the Village served by sanitary sewer are hereby declared to be a public nuisance and a health hazard. For all proposed development within the Village but outside of the sewage service area, the Village will determine on a case-by-case basis if a private sewage disposal system is acceptable. The sewage service area is defined as anywhere in the Village within 1,000 feet of public sewer.
Additional authority. The Village may at any time establish specific connection and lateral charges for any main not covered by other provisions in this article or when the Village has made an extension and the Village has failed to provide lateral or connection charges. It is further provided that the Village may:
Amend or alter any connection or lateral charge after its establishment under the terms of this article or previous ordinances or resolutions.
Require a user to provide special waste treatment, pretreatment, pumping, grinding, or other practices, to be maintained at the user's expense, if the Village or its duly authorized representative determines the wastewater from that user merits such measures prior to discharge to the sewerage system and wastewater treatment facility.
Grease and/or sand interceptors. Grease, oil, and sand interceptors shall be provided by commercial, public authority and industrial dischargers when in the opinion of the Village they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amounts or any flammable wastes, sand, and other harmful components. The interceptor unit shall be located as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection. In the maintaining of these interceptors, the discharger shall be responsible for the proper removal and disposal by appropriate means of the captured material and shall maintain records of the dates and means of disposal which are subject to review by the Village. Any removal and hauling of the collected materials not performed by the discharger's personnel must be performed by currently licensed disposal firms.
Grease and oil interceptors shall be constructed of impervious materials capable of withstanding abrupt and extreme changes in temperature. They shall be of substantial construction, watertight, and equipped with easily removable covers which when bolted in place shall be gastight and watertight.
Depending on the type of industry, monthly monitoring may be required. No industry should be monitored less than quarterly. Monitoring must be done so the industry will be properly billed for sewer use charges.
Sewer users with grease, oil or sand interceptors shall provide reports of inspections and cleaning, and invoices from cleaning by disposal firms, if requested by the Village.
No discharger shall contribute or cause to be discharged, directly or indirectly, any of the following described substances into the wastewater disposal system or otherwise to the facilities of the Village:
Any liquids, solids or gases which, by reason of their nature or quantity, are or may be sufficient, either alone or by interaction, to cause fire or explosion or be injurious in any other way to the operation of the Village of Siren wastewater facilities or wastewater treatment works. This includes but is not limited to gasoline, naphtha, fuel oil, lubricating oil, and benzene.
Solid or viscous substances that will or may cause obstruction to the flow in a sewer or other interference with the operation of the wastewater system. This includes but is not limited to ashes, cinders, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, tar, plastics, wood, paunch manure, etc.
Any wastewater having a pH less than 5.0 or higher than nine or having any other corrosive property capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment, or personnel of the system (unless the system is specifically designed to accommodate such wastewater).
Any wastewater containing toxic pollutants in sufficient quantity, either singly or by interaction, to injure or interfere with any wastewater treatment process, to constitute a hazard to humans or animals, or to exceed the limitation set forth in state or federal categorical pretreatment standards. A toxic pollutant shall include but not be limited to any pollutant identified in the toxic pollutant list set forth in Ch. NR 215, Wis. Adm. Code.
Any noxious or malodorous liquids, gases, or solids which, either singly or by interaction, are capable of creating a public nuisance or hazard to life or are sufficient to prevent entry into the sewers for their maintenance and repair.
Any substance that may cause the Village of Siren effluent or treatment residues, sludges, or scums to be unsuitable for reclamation and reuse or interfere with the reclamation process.
Any substance which will cause the Village of Siren to violate its WPDES and/or other disposal system permits.
Any substance with objectionable color not removed in the treatment process, such as, but not limited to, dye wastes and vegetable tanning solutions.
Any wastewater having a temperature which will inhibit biological activity in the Village of Siren treatment works, resulting in interference, but in no case wastewater with a temperature at the introduction into the publicly owned treatment works which exceeds 40° C. (104° F.).
Any slug load, which shall mean any pollutant, including oxygen demanding pollutants (BOD, etc.), released in a single extraordinary discharge episode of such volume or strength as to cause interference to the publicly owned treatment works.
Any unpolluted water, including but not limited to noncontact cooling water.
Any wastewater containing any radioactive wastes or isotopes of such half-life or concentration as exceeds limits established by the Village in compliance with applicable state or federal regulations.
Any wastewater that causes a hazard to human life or creates a public nuisance.
Any stormwater, surface water, groundwater, roof runoff or surface drainage or any other connections from inflow sources to the sanitary sever. Such waters may be discharged to a storm sewer or other waterway with permission of the Village.
Any garbage that has not been properly shredded. Garbage grinders may be connected to sanitary sewers from homes, hotels, institutions, restaurants, or similar places where garbage originates from the preparation of food in kitchens for the purpose of consumption on the premises or when served by caterers.
Any septage into a sewer manhole or the wastewater treatment facility or any storage area located in the collection system which would cause the septage to be delivered to the wastewater treatment facility.
Any water or wastes which may contain more than 100 parts per million by weight of fat, oil, or grease.
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
National Categorical Pretreatment Standards. National Categorical Pretreatment Standards as promulgated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency shall be met by all dischargers of the regulated industrial categories.
State requirements. State requirements and limitations on discharges to the publicly owned treatment works shall be met by all dischargers which are subject to such standards in any instance in which they are more stringent than federal requirements and limitations or those in this article or any other applicable ordinance.
Right of revision. The Village reserves the right to amend this article to provide for more stringent limitations or requirements on discharges to the publicly owned treatment works where deemed necessary to comply with the objectives set forth in this article.[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
Dilution. No discharger shall increase the use of potable or process water in any way or mix separate waste streams for the purpose of diluting a discharge as a partial or complete substitute for adequate treatment to achieve compliance with the standards set forth in this article.
Accidental discharges.
Each discharger shall provide protection from accidental discharge of prohibited or regulated materials or substances established by this article. Where necessary, facilities to prevent accidental discharge of prohibited materials shall be provided and maintained at the discharger's cost and expense. Detailed plans showing facilities and operating procedures to provide this protection shall be submitted to the Village for review and shall be approved by the Village before construction of the facility. Review and approval of such plans and operating procedures by the Village shall not relieve the discharger from the responsibility to modify its facility as necessary to meet the requirements of this article.[2]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
Dischargers shall notify the Village immediately upon the occurrence of a slug load or accidental discharge of substances prohibited by this article. The notification shall include the location of the discharge, the date and time thereof, type of waste, concentration and volume, and corrective actions. Any discharger which discharges a slug load of prohibited materials shall be liable for any expense, loss or damage to the Village of Siren wastewater facilities or wastewater treatment works, in addition to the amount of any fines imposed on the Village on account thereof under state or federal law.[3]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
Signs shall be permanently posted in conspicuous places on the discharger's premises advising employees whom to call in the event of a slug or accidental discharge. Employers shall instruct all employees who may cause or discover such a discharge with respect to the emergency notification procedure.
Definitions. The following terms shall have the following meanings under this section:
Include all costs associated with repayment of debts incurred for the construction and/or rehabilitation of the wastewater collection system and treatment facility.
Wastewater with concentrations of BOD5 and suspended solids no greater than 300 and 300 milligrams per liter (mg/1), respectively.
A user whose contributions to the sewerage system consist only of normal domestic strength wastewater originating from a house, apartment, flat, or other living quarters occupied by a person or persons constituting a distinct household, business or commercial enterprise.
Include all costs associated with the operation and maintenance of the wastewater collection and treatment facilities.[1]
Include all costs necessary to accumulate the resources to replace equipment as required to maintain capacity and performance during the design life of the facility. A separate, segregated, distinct replacement fund shall be established and used for only replacement of equipment.
A service charge levied on users of the sewerage system for payment of capital expenses as well as the operation and maintenance costs, including replacement of said facilities.
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
Policy. It shall be the policy of the Village of Siren to obtain sufficient revenues to pay the costs of debt service and the operation and maintenance of the sewerage facilities, including a replacement fund (i.e., a cash account to be used for future expenditures for obtaining or installing equipment, accessories or appurtenances which are necessary to maintain the capacity and performance of the sewerage system during the service life for which such facilities were designed and constructed), through a system of sewer service charges. The system shall assure that each user of the sewerage system pays its proportionate share of the cost of such facilities.
Sewer service charges. The basis for sewer service charges and the service rates are contained in Article II, Sewer Rates, of this chapter.
Industrial discharges. If any waters, wastes or septage discharged, or proposed to be discharged, to the public sewerage system contains substances or possesses the characteristics enumerated in § 440-5 and which, in the judgment of the Village, may be detrimental to the sewerage system, the Village may:
Reject the wastes.
Require pretreatment to an acceptable condition for discharge to the sewerage system.
Require a control over the quantities and rates of discharge.
Require payment to cover the added cost of handling and treating the waste not covered by existing taxes or sewer charges.
Control manholes.
Each person discharging industrial wastes into a public sewer shall construct and maintain one or more control manholes or access points to facilitate observation, measurement, and sampling of the waste, including domestic sewage.
Control manholes or access facilities shall be located and built in a manner acceptable to the Village. If measuring devices are to be permanently installed, they shall be of a type acceptable to the Village.
Control manholes, access facilities, and related equipment shall be installed by the person discharging the industrial waste, at his expense, and shall be maintained by the person discharging the waste so as to be in safe condition, accessible, and in proper operating condition at all times. Plans for installation of the control manholes or access facilities and related equipment shall be approved prior to the beginning of construction.[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
Measurement of flow. The volume of flow used for computing the sewer service and the cost recovery charges shall be based upon the water consumption of the person. A water meter shall be installed at all commercial and industrial facilities to record water consumption for billing purposes. The water meter shall be installed, owned, and maintained by the person discharging the wastewater. The water meter installation shall be reviewed and approved by the Village prior to installation. Following approval and installation, such meters may not be removed without the consent of the Village.
Provision for deductions. In the event that a person discharging industrial waste into the public sewers produces evidence satisfactory to the Village that more than 10% of the total annual volume of water used for all purposes does not reach the public sewer, then the determination of the water consumption to be used in computing the waste volume discharged into the public sewer may be made a matter of agreement between the Village and the industrial waste discharger.
Metering of waste. Devices for measuring the volume of waste discharged may be required by the Village if this volume cannot otherwise be determined from the metered water consumption records. Metering devices for determining the volume of water shall be installed, owned, and maintained by the person discharging the wastewater. Following approval and installation, such meters may not be removed without the consent of the Village.
Waste sampling.
Industrial waste discharges into the public sewers shall be subject to periodic inspection and a determination of character and concentration of said waste at least quarterly.
Samples shall be collected in such a manner as to be representative of the composition of the wastes. The sampling may be accomplished either manually or by the use of mechanical equipment acceptable to the Village. A minimum of at least quarterly sampling shall be necessary to determine sewer service charges.
Testing facilities shall be the responsibility of the person discharging the waste or septage and shall be subject to the approval of the Village or its duly authorized representatives at all times. Every care shall be exercised in the collection of samples to ensure their preservation in a state comparable to that at the time the sample was taken.
Pretreatment. When required, in the opinion of the Village, to modify or eliminate wastes that are harmful to the structures, processes, or operation of the sewerage system, the discharger shall provide at its expense such preliminary treatment or processing facilities as may be required to render this waste acceptable for admission to the public sewers.
All measurements, tests, and analyses of the characteristics of water and waste to which reference is made in this article shall be determined in accordance with the latest edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, published by the American Public Health Association, and Guidelines Establishing Test Procedures for Analysis of Pollutants (1978, 40 CFR 136). Sampling methods, locations, times, durations, and frequencies are to be determined on an individual basis subject to approval by the Village.
Determination of the character and concentration of the industrial waste shall be made by the person discharging them or his agent, as designated and required by the Village. The Village may also make its own analyses of the wastes and these determinations shall be used as a basis for charges. If the person discharging the waste contests the determination, he may elect to have an independent laboratory determine the character and concentration of the waste. Said independent laboratory shall be certified under Ch. NR 149, Wis. Adm. Code, and be acceptable to both the Village and the person discharging the waste. All costs incurred by the independent laboratory in making the determination shall be assumed by the discharger.
Submission of information. Plans, specifications, and any other pertinent information relating to proposed flow equalization, pretreatment, or processing facilities shall be submitted for review of the Village prior to the start of their construction if the effluent from such facilities is to be discharged into the public sewers.
Submission of basic data.
Within three months after passage of this article, each person who discharges industrial wastes to a public sewer shall prepare and file with the Village a report that shall include pertinent data relating to the quantity and characteristics of the waste discharged to the sewerage system.
Similarly, each person desiring to make a new connection to a public sewer for the purpose of discharging industrial wastes shall prepare and file with the Village a report that shall include actual or predicted data relating to the quantity and characteristics of the waste to be discharged.
Extension of time. When it can be demonstrated that circumstances exist which would create an unreasonable burden on the person proposing to discharge a waste to comply with the time schedule imposed herein, a request for extension of the time may be presented for consideration to the Village.
Payment and penalty. Failure to receive a bill shall be no exemption from penalty. Every reasonable care will be exercised in the delivery of bills. Failure to receive a bill shall not relieve any person of the responsibility for payment of sewer rates within the prescribed period or exempt any person from any penalty imposed for delinquency in the payment thereof.[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
Charges a lien. All sewage charges shall be a lien upon the property serviced pursuant to § 66.0809, Wis. Stats., and shall be collected in the manner therein provided.
Disposition of revenue. The amounts received from the collection of charges authorized by this article shall be credited to a sanitary sewerage account that shall show all receipts and expenditures of the sewerage system. Charges collected for replacement expenses shall be credited to a segregated, nonlapsing replacement account. These funds are to be used exclusively for replacement. When appropriated by the Village, the credits to the sanitary sewerage account shall be available for the payment of the requirements for operation, maintenance, repairs, and depreciation of the sewerage system consistent with § NR 162.11, Wis. Adm. Code. Any surplus outside the purview of § NR 162.11 in said account shall be available for the payment of principal and interest of bonds issued and outstanding, or which may be issued, to provide funds for said sewerage system, or part thereof, and all or a part of the expenses for additions and improvements and other necessary disbursements or indebtedness, and the Village may resolve to pledge each surplus or any part thereof for any such purpose. All present outstanding sewer system general obligation bonds, including the refunding bonds, shall be paid from this fund as to both principal and interest.
Additional charges. Additional charges may be imposed upon each lot, parcel of land, building, or premises served by public sewer and wastewater facilities located outside the boundaries of the Village to equalize local capital costs. Such additional charges shall result in a minimum charge for each user according to the schedule for debt repayment from utility revenues. Such additional charges shall be added to the sewer bill for each billing period.
Excess revenues. Excess revenues collected from a user class will be applied to operation and maintenance costs attributable to that class for the next year.
Damages. No unauthorized person shall maliciously, willfully, or negligently break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface, or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment that is a part of the sewerage system. Any person violating this provision shall be subject to immediate arrest under charge of disorderly conduct.
Written notice of violation. Any person connected to the sewerage system found to be violating a provision of this article shall be served by the Village with a written notice stating the nature of the violation and providing a reasonable time for the satisfactory correction thereof. The offender shall, within the period of time stated in such notice, permanently cease all violations.
Accidental discharge. Any person found to be responsible for accidentally allowing a deleterious discharge into the sewerage system that caused damage to the sewerage system and/or receiving water body shall, in addition to a fine, pay the amount to cover all damages, both of which will be established by the Village.
Accidental discharge reporting. Any person responsible for an accidental discharge that may have a detrimental impact on the sewerage system shall immediately report the nature and amount of the discharge to the Village.
Continued violations. Any person, partnership, or corporation, or any officer, agent, or employee thereof, who or which shall continue any violation beyond the aforesaid notice time limit provided shall, upon conviction thereof, be subject to a penalty as provided in § 1-4 of this Code. Each day in which any violation is continued beyond the aforesaid notice time limit shall be deemed a separate offense.[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
Liability to the Village of Siren for losses. Any person violating any provision of this article shall become liable to the Village for any expense, loss, or damage occasioned by reason of such violation that the Village may suffer as a result thereof.
Damage recovery. The system shall have the right of recovery from all persons of any expense incurred by said system for the repair or replacement of any part of the sewerage system damaged in any manner by any person by the performance of any work under his control or by any negligent acts.
Penalties. Any person who shall violate any of the provisions of this article or rules or regulations of the Village or who shall connect a service pipe or discharge without first having obtained a permit therefor or who shall violate any provisions of the Wisconsin Statutes, Wisconsin Administrative Code, or any other materials which are incorporated by reference shall, upon conviction thereof, be subject to a penalty as provided in § 1-4 of this Code. This, however, shall not bar the Village from enforcing the connection duties set out in § 440-4C(2) for mandatory hookup.[2]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
Appeal procedures. Any user affected by any decision, action, or determination, including cease and desist orders, made by the interpreting or implementing provisions of this article may file with the Village a written request for reconsideration within 10 days of the date of such decision, action, or determination, setting forth in detail the facts supporting the user's request for reconsideration. The Village, upon receiving the request for reconsideration, shall publish the request in the official newspaper. The Village shall render a decision on the request for reconsideration to the user in writing within 15 days of receipt of the request. If the ruling on the request for reconsideration made by the Village is unsatisfactory, the person requesting reconsideration may, within 10 days after notification of the action, file a written appeal with the Village.
The Village, through its duly qualified governing body, may amend this article in part or in whole whenever it may deem necessary.
[Adopted 6-11-2008 (Title 5, Ch. 4 of the 1988 Code)]
Water meters shall be read monthly to determine sewer usage. All charges for the services described herein for each month shall be billed on the first day of the following month. Usage shall be adjusted quarterly by subtracting water volumes shown on deduct meters from determinations of sewer usage.
[Amended 10-8-2009]
A one-percent penalty shall be charged on any monthly bill not paid in full by the due date of that month.
[Amended 8-6-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-02]
The monthly billing shall consist of a base charge and a volume charge. The rates shall be sufficient to pay the billing and customer-related administration expenses and the annual cost of operation and maintenance, including any replacement fund, of the sewerage facilities, debt service and debt coverage. The rates for base and volume charges shall be established by the Village Board and reviewed annually. The current rates as established by ordinance shall be kept on file at the office of the Village Clerk-Treasurer.
[Amended 2-10-2011 by Ord. No. 2011-01]
A sewer base service charge is hereby imposed upon each lot, parcel of land, building, or premises served by the public sewer and wastewater facilities or otherwise discharging sewage, including industrial wastes, into the public sewerage system. Such sewer service charge shall be payable as hereinafter provided.
The base unit charge shall be based upon the amount of water used by one residential equivalent unit (REU). This amount is assumed to be 5,000 gallons per month. Each residential user shall pay one base unit per month. Except for apartment and office buildings, each commercial, industrial and public authority user shall pay a number of base units equal to its monthly water use divided by 5,000 gallons per month and rounded down to the nearest whole number of units. The number of units assigned shall be determined annually by the Village based on the average of the last year's monthly water usage. Apartment buildings shall pay one base unit per month per apartment. Multi-use buildings shall be assigned one base unit per month per apartment and/or business suite or separate office. Buildings with suites or offices that share rest rooms shall be assigned one unit per set of rest rooms.
Any sewer users whose number of base units changes upon adoption this formula shall have the change in base units phased in over a one-year period after adoption of this article.
All water entering a structure shall be metered. Sewer service volume charges shall be applied to 100% of the metered water use unless the user can demonstrate, to the satisfaction of the Village, that the actual annual water usage varies greater than 10% from the metered water use. In cases where a ten-percent variance is documented, the Village may allow a second meter to measure flows not discharged to the sanitary sewer. These additional flows shall not be charged for sanitary sewer service.
The volume charge shall be calculated based upon the total costs required for the wastewater collection and treatment systems minus the estimated income from the base unit minus income from the Town of Siren Sanitary District divided by the estimated number of gallons billed per year.
All new sewer customers who are not customers of the Village water system and are without water meters shall install water meters for billing purposes when they apply for water or sewer service. Existing residential customers without water meters shall either install water meters or be charged one base charge plus a charge equal to the volume charge for 5,000 gallons per month.
Deduct meters. All sewer users may install water meters to record water sprinkling and other nonsewer water use at their own expense. The water meters used shall be approved by or supplied by the Village of Siren at the Village's cost, plus a ten-percent handling fee. The meters shall be installed in conformance with Village requirements. Such meters shall be read quarterly by the Village of Siren, if accessible, and the volume readings shall be deducted from the sewer use volume charge to the user.
Summer sewer charges. Residential customers not using deduct water meters shall be given a credit for summer lawn sprinkling by the use of May and June water meter readings to determine July and August sewer volume charges.
[Amended 5-6-2010]
Sewer charges shall be discontinued to a property only if the sewer line is plugged to Village standards, with Village inspection. This shall apply even if there is no longer a building on the property.[1]
Editor's Note: The sewer service charges for 2008-2009 which immediately followed this section were deleted 2-10-2011 by Ord. No. 2011-01. Current charges are on file at the office of the Village Clerk-Treasurer.
A fee as set by the Village Board shall be charged for connection to the sewer system and inspection of the connection by the Village.