Editor's Note: For state law as to authority of Township relative to unfit dwellings generally, see N.J.R.S., §§ 40:48-2.3 to 40:48-2.12.
[R.O. 1951, ch. 18, § 31.]
No owner, agent or lessee of any building or any part thereof shall lease or let or hire out any building or any portion thereof to be occupied as a place in which anyone shall dwell or lodge, except when such building or such part thereof is sufficiently lighted, ventilated, provided and accommodated and is in all respects in that condition of cleanliness and wholesomeness for which this chapter or any law of the state provides.
[R.O. 1951, ch. 18, § 33.]
No person, having the right and legal power to prevent the same, shall knowingly cause or permit any person to sleep or remain in any cellar or in any place dangerous or prejudicial to life or health by reason of a want of ventilation or drainage, or by reason of the presence of any poisonous, noxious or offensive substance.
[R.O. 1951, ch. 18, § 34; Ord. No. 990, § 1.]
No person shall occupy or let to another for occupancy any dwelling or dwelling unit for the purpose of living therein which violates any of the following provisions:
No family unit shall be overcrowded. A family unit shall be considered to be overcrowded if there are more persons living in the dwelling than one and one-half times the number of rooms permitted to be used for sleeping purposes, as set forth in this section.
No part of a dwelling, except a room, shall be used for sleeping purposes.
No sleeping room shall be occupied by more than two adults and one child under eight years of age, or by more than three children under twelve years of age, when space permits.
Every room occupied for sleeping purposes shall contain at least four hundred cubic feet of air space, and at least fifty square feet of floor space for each adult and at least two hundred cubic feet of air space for each child under ten years of age and at least thirty square feet of floor space.
Children under one year of age will not be counted as part of the allowed number of persons under this section.
[R.O. 1951, ch. 18, § 35; Ord. No. 1033, § 2.]
Every apartment house and every part thereof shall be kept clean and free from any accumulation of dirt, filth, garbage or other matter in or on the same, or in the yard, court, passage, area or alley connected with or belonging to the same. The owner, agent, lessee or occupant of any apartment house or part thereof shall thoroughly cleanse all the rooms, basements, cellars, passages, stairs, floors, windows, doors, walls, ceilings, cesspools and drains thereof of the house or part of the house of which he is owner, agent, lessee or occupant so often as shall be required by the department of health or its officers.
Editor's Note: For state law as to cleanliness and sanitary conditions generally of tenement houses, see R. S., § 55:6-1 et seq.
[R.O. 1951, ch. 18, § 35; Ord. No. 1033, § 2.]
The owner of an apartment house shall, when notified to do so by the department of health, and in the absence of a contract or agreement to the contrary, well and sufficiently paint and plaster or decorate the walls and ceilings of such building as required. Where the owner is a corporation, such corporation and the president, secretary and treasurer thereof and also the superintendent and the manager of the premises shall each be liable for any failure to comply with this provision.
[R.O. 1951, ch. 18, § 36; Ord. No. 1033, § 3.]
No premises shall be rented, let, leased or occupied as an apartment house unless such premises shall have a plentiful supply of pure water, suitable for domestic purposes, furnished at one or more places in such house or so that such water may be adequate and reasonably convenient for the use of the occupants of such house.
It shall be the duty of every person who shall have contracted or undertaken, or shall be bound to furnish hot water for any building or portion thereof, occupied as a home or place of residence, to provide such hot water twenty-four hours per day at a minimum temperature of one hundred twenty degrees Fahrenheit.
[R.O. 1951, ch. 18, § 37.]
Whenever the interior of any building is to be redecorated by the use of wallpaper, it shall be unlawful for any person to place wallpaper over old paper then upon such ceilings or walls of such building, but in such case, all old paper then upon such walls and ceilings to be redecorated shall be removed before new or other wallpaper shall be placed upon the walls or ceilings of the interior of any building.
[R.O. 1951, ch. 18, § 15.]
Any imperfect trap, sink or water closet within any building or any other drainage appliance or fixture within any building, from which there shall arise any foul or obnoxious gas or odor, is declared a nuisance.
[R.O. 1951, ch. 18, § 38; Ord. No. 990, § 2.]
Whenever it shall be decided by the department of health that any building or part thereof is unfit for human habitation, by reason of its being overcrowded, infected with disease or by reason of its being in a condition dangerous to health or life, or likely to cause sickness among the occupants and notice of such decision shall have been affixed conspicuously on the building or any part thereof so decided to be unfit for human habitation and personally served upon the owner, agent or lessee if the same can be found in the state, or by registered mail to the last-known address of the owner, agent or lessee if the same is located out of the state, requiring all persons or number of persons, therein to vacate such buildings or part thereof, for the reasons to be stated therein, such building or part thereof shall, within ten days thereafter, be vacated, or in case of special emergency within such shorter time as in such notice may be specified.
Sanitation and housekeeping. The sanitation and housekeeping at all places of employment shall be such as to promote a healthful environment. No unsanitary or unclean condition shall exist or be permitted to exist. All places of employment, passageways, stairs, floors, walls, locker rooms, ceilings, toilet rooms, service rooms and storerooms shall be kept clean and in a sanitary condition. Every factory building and every place of employment and every part thereof, and the yard, court, cellar, passage, areaways or alleys connected with the same shall be kept clean and free of any accumulation of dirt, filth, garbage or other matter of any source of foulness or odors. The owner, agent, lessee or occupant of any factory building or place of employment or part thereof, shall thoroughly cleanse all the rooms, passages, stairs, floors, windows, doors, sidewalls, ceilings and drains thereof and shall well and sufficiently paint the sidewalls and ceilings thereof.
The floor of every workroom shall be maintained in a clean, orderly and so far as possible, dry condition. Where wet processes are used, suitable drainage shall be maintained and false floors, platforms, mats or other dry standing places shall be provided.
Every floor, working place and passageway shall be kept free of protruding nails, splinters or holes and loose or defective boards and flooring.
So far as practical, sweeping and cleaning shall be done outside of working hours and in such manner as to avoid the contamination of the air with dust.
Expectorating upon the walls, floors, workplaces or stairs or any other part of any establishment covered by these regulations shall not be permitted.
Use of the common drinking cup is prohibited. When and where single service cups are provided, such cups shall be of the disposable type, to be used but once, and there shall be provided a suitable enclosed container for unused cups and a receptacle for disposing of used cups. Where sanitary drinking fountains are provided they shall meet the following requirements: The jet of drinking fountains shall issue from a nozzle of nonoxidizing, impervious material set at an angle from the vertical such as to prevent the return of water in the jet to the orifice from whence the jet issues. The nozzle and every other opening in the water pipe or conductor leading to the nozzle should be above the edge of the bowl, to prevent flooding in case of drain clogging.
In all places of employment where employees are permitted to lunch on the premises, an adequate space suitable for that purpose shall be provided for the maximum number of employees who may use such space at any one time. A covered receptacle shall be provided and used for disposing of all waste food and debris. In every establishment where there is exposure to injurious dusts, industrial poison, toxic materials or other substance that may be injurious to health, a separate lunchroom shall be maintained unless it is convenient for the employees to lunch away from the premises.
Temperature, humidity and air movement. There shall be provided in each and every place of employment a minimum temperature of 68° F. on the inside of each occupied area during the usual working hours. Natural or mechanical ventilation shall be provided in all places of employment to insure a healthful and a comfortable environment as regards temperature, humidity, heat radiation and air movement. This requirement shall not apply to places of employment or portions thereof used and occupied for trades, business or occupations where, due to the inherent nature of such occupation, trade or business, abnormally high or low temperatures are essential.
Illumination. The quality and quantity of illumination in any place of employment shall be adequate to permit the performance of all necessary work in a safe manner and without injury to the eyes. The requirements for lighting any workplace or place of employment shall not be less than the minimum requirements specified by the American Standard Association in its Code of Lighting Factories, Mills and other Workplaces--A-11-1930, or the latest revision thereof.
Overcrowding. All working areas and places of employment shall be kept free of overcrowding. To prevent such condition, there shall be provided for each and every employee in working areas, occupied areas and in places of employment, a minimum of 400 cubic feet of air space.
Personal and protective clothing and equipment. Workers in operations, processes or conditions of work which unduly expose them to dampness and wet environments, excessive heat, coldness, excessive noise, hazardous radiations, skin irritants or other health hazards shall be provided with proper protective clothing and other devices, when such exposure may constitute an occupational health hazard and may result in an occupational disease or affliction.
Inspections and examinations; interference with officers. The Health Officer or his agents shall make the inspections and examinations required by any law of this state, or by any code, ordinance or regulation, upon exhibiting his or her badge or credentials, and all persons are hereby forbidden to interfere with or obstruct such inspection, examination or survey.
Employer responsibility. Every employer shall comply with the various provisions of this section pertaining to industrial health hazards and occupational health and shall maintain a healthful place of employment.
[ Ord. No. 1294, § 1.]