Township of Clark, NJ
Union County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Derived from Ch. XXIX of the 2002 Revised General Ordinances, adopted by the Township Council of the Township of Clark 12-16-2002 by Ord. No. 02-27. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Uniform construction codes — See Ch. 122.
Land use and development — See Ch. 195.
Streets and sidewalks — See Ch. 310.
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
EXCAVATOR
Any person who, within any period of 12 consecutive months, shall move soil in or upon more than 10,000 square feet of land area.
INCIDENTAL SOIL DISTURBANCE
Any soil disturbance involving less than 25 cubic yards of soil disturbed, to be placed as fill or removed from the site.
LOT
Any parcel of land, or portion thereof, the boundary lines of which can be ascertained by reference to the maps or records in the office of the Township Tax Assessor or in the office of the Union County Register.
MAJOR SOIL PERMIT
A permit for the moving of 500 cubic yards or more of soil.
MINOR SOIL PERMIT
A permit for the moving of less than 500 cubic yards of soil but more than 25 cubic yards of soil.[1]
MOVE
To dig, excavate, remove, deposit, place, fill, grade, regrade, level or otherwise alter or change the location or contour, transport or supply; provided, however, that nothing in this definition shall be construed to apply to:
A. 
Digging, excavating or moving of soil which may be necessary in connection with the construction or alteration of any building or structure on any lot pursuant to a validly issued building permit or to normal grading incidental thereto or in connection with other work to be performed under the authority of any validly issued permit under any other ordinance of the Township.
B. 
Plowing, spading, cultivation, harrowing or discing of soil or any other operation usually and ordinarily associated with the tilling of soil for agricultural or horticultural purposes.
OWNER
Any person having title to any lot or having such other interest or estate therein as will permit exercise of effective possession thereof or dominion thereover.
SOIL
Any earth, sand, clay, loam, gravel, humus, rock or dirt, without regard to the presence or absence therein of organic matter.
TOPSOIL
Any soil that, in its natural state, constitutes the top layer of earth and is composed of 2% or more of organic matter.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
No person shall remove, permit or cause to be removed soil from any premises or deposit onto or fill greater than 25 cubic yards on any premises within the limits of the Township unless a permit therefor has been issued by the Director of the Department of Public Works and Engineering and the proper fees paid for the issuance thereof.
An application for a soil moving or disturbance permit shall be made to the Engineer. The application shall be signed by the person intending to perform the operation and by the owner of the premises from which the soil is to be removed or placed or disturbed and shall be accompanied by a contour map of the premises from which the soil is to be removed or disturbed, showing the proposed grades resulting from such intended removal or disturbance in relation to the existing topography of the premises. All work shall conform to § 195-185, Clearing and grading.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
No major soil moving permit shall be issued by the Director of the Department of Public Works and Engineering until the contour map and the proposed grades have been approved by the Township Planning Board and until the bond hereafter provided for shall have been filed with the Township Clerk. Upon written request for a hearing made by applicant to the Planning Board, an opportunity to be heard shall be granted to such applicant within 30 days thereafter. The Planning Board, in considering and reviewing the application and the contour map and in arriving at its decision, shall be guided by and take into consideration the public health, safety and general welfare and shall give particular consideration to the following factors:
A. 
Soil erosion by water and wind.
B. 
Drainage.
C. 
Soil fertility.
D. 
Lateral support slopes.
E. 
Grades of abutting streets and lands.
F. 
Land values and uses.
G. 
Such other factors as bear upon or relate to a coordinated, adjusted and harmonious physical development of the premises in question with the surrounding lands in accordance with the Master Plan for the development of the Township.
If, after examining the application and the contour map, and after the hearing, if requested, the Township Engineer and/or Planning Board shall determine that the proposed soil removal placement or disturbance will not create conditions inimical to the public health, welfare and safety and will not result in the creation of any sharp declivities, pits or depressions, soil erosion, fertility problems or depressed land values, nor create any drainage or sewerage problems or other conditions of danger, nor obstruct the normal development of the premises in question in conjunction with the surrounding lands according to the Master Plan of the Township, approval for the issuance of a permit to remove or otherwise disturb the soil shall be granted to the applicant by the Planning Board.
A. 
The fee for soil removal permits shall be as set forth below:[1]
(1) 
Minor soil moving permit: $250.
(2) 
Major soil removing permit: $500, plus $100 per 1,000 cubic yards or fraction thereof.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
B. 
The permit fee shall be payable to the Township at the time of issuance.
The top four inches of arable soil shall not be removed from the premises, but shall be set aside for reuse and shall be re-spread on the premises after removal of the soil pursuant to approved grades, and the entire premises shall be grain-seeded.
In the removal of soil, dirt or other material, only such streets within the Township shall be used for transportation as may be designated for that purpose by the Township Engineer and Police Department, who may impose other conditions to protect the health, safety and welfare of the public. Such streets shall be kept free from dirt resulting from such operations.
Before any permit for soil removal or disturbance shall be issued, the owner or the person conducting such operation shall file with the Township Clerk a surety bond, a recognizance bond or a property bond in an amount to be fixed by the Township Engineer, after considering the necessities and requirements of the undertaking, and in a form to be approved by the Township Attorney. Such bond shall be conditioned so that the work of soil removal or disturbance shall:
A. 
Comply with the ordinances and regulations on the subject.
B. 
Be properly done in accordance with the approved grades and without detriment to the adjoining properties or to the Township and without leaving any sharp declivities, pits or depressions, and the premises shall be leveled off properly and clean of debris.
C. 
Be done in a proper manner in accordance with this chapter and the terms and conditions of the permit. The bond shall be further conditioned that repairs at the expense of the owner or the person conducting the operation shall be made to any street or streets used in transportation if the Township shall consider repairs necessary because of such use of the streets, and that the owner or the one performing the operation will pay the cost of engineering, inspection, supervision and street cleaning incurred by the Township during the progress of the soil removal or disturbance.
This chapter shall not apply to excavations, removal of fill or disturbance of soil incidental to work under a permit issued by the Construction Code Official, Fire Subcode Official or Plumbing Subcode Official for the construction of buildings, nor to excavations for improvements being made by the Township or its contractors.