Township of Clark, NJ
Union County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Amended 7-18-2005 by Ord. No. 05-14]
Parking spaces, off-street parking areas or off-street loading spaces shall be provided for any principal building or other structure erected or constructed upon a lot or for any lot or area of land put into use after the date of the enactment of this Part 3 in accordance with the following provisions:
A. 
General design standards.
(1) 
All single-family detached homes shall contain a garage.
[Added 1-17-2012 by Ord. No. 12-01]
(2) 
Each parking space, as hereinbefore defined, shall have the minimum dimensions of nine feet by 18 feet, except that, for retail business and personal service uses, the minimum dimensions shall be 10 feet by 20 feet.
(3) 
For the purpose of determining the land requirement of an off-street parking area, as hereinbefore defined, each parking space to be provided in accordance with the parking schedule, § 195-142, or as recommended by the Planning Board, pursuant to § 195-148, shall be allotted not less than 350 square feet of area, which shall be sufficient to include the area or the parking space plus area to be devoted to interior drives, backup areas or turning areas. In addition, sufficient entrance and exit driveways shall be provided.
(4) 
All off-street parking areas shall be separated from sidewalks, streets or alleys by curbing, except at entrances and exits, and all such sidewalks, streets or alleys shall be protected from vehicular overhang by wheel bumpers, curbs, planted strips, walls, fences or other appropriate method where the yard depth for accessory uses is not sufficient to accomplish this purpose. Curbing may be designed as flush curbing when being incorporated into a stormwater management scheme utilizing natural vegetation or grassed swales.
(5) 
Entrance and exit driveways to and from all off-street parking areas shall be at least 12 feet in width to allow for free one-way movement, and at least 22 feet in width for two-way movement, provided that two-way entrances and exits shall be no wider than 28 feet in width. Whenever possible, one-way movement should be provided for all entrance and exit driveways, as well as interior driveways.
(6) 
Wherever practicable and not prohibited in this Part 3, access to off-street parking areas shall be gained from local streets or service streets rather than from streets designated on the Comprehensive Master Plan as arterial streets.
(7) 
No required off-street parking shall be encroached upon by buildings, other structures, open storage areas or other uses.
(8) 
No layout of an off-street parking area shall be acceptable if such layout would require vehicles to back out onto a street to exit from such off-street parking or loading area.
(9) 
When any land or building is used for two or more purposes, the number of parking spaces required shall be the sum of the requirements for the various individual uses, computed separately in accordance with this article. Parking spaces for one use shall not be considered as providing the required parking spaces for any other use.
(10) 
Requirements for the provision of parking facilities with respect to two or more property uses of the same or different types may be satisfied by the permanent allocation of the requisite number of spaces for each use in a common off-street parking area, cooperatively established and operated, provided that the total number of spaces designated is not less than the sum of the individual requirements.
(11) 
All public garages or roof space allocated for the parking of vehicles shall be considered part of the required off-street parking area.
(12) 
When off-street parking areas shall be used at night, they shall be adequately lighted. Such lighting shall be installed and maintained in a manner not to reflect or cause glare into abutting or facing residential properties.
(13) 
All parking or loading space surfaces shall be paved in accordance with Township standards.
(14) 
Required off-street parking spaces may be provided on a nearby lot, provided that the distance between the parking lot and the entrance to the use it serves shall not exceed 200 feet.
(15) 
In residential zones, R-150, R-100, R-75, R-60, and R-A, off-street parking shall be prohibited for all commercially registered vehicles whose empty gross weight, as defined in § 347-30, exceeds 6,500 pounds and for all commercially registered vehicles whose loaded gross weight, as defined in § 347-30, exceeds 8,000 pounds, other than those vehicles temporarily parked for the purpose of making deliveries.
[Amended 7-18-2005 by Ord. No. 05-14]
A. 
Off-street parking shall be provided in accordance with the following schedule:[1]
Use
Minimum Spaces
Business and professional offices, banks
1 per 200 square feet of gross floor area
Civic or fraternal organizations, libraries
1 per 100 square feet of gross floor area
Commercial recreation facilities, such as bowling alleys and health clubs
1 per 150 square feet of gross floor area
Dwellings, one- and two-family
2 per unit; a paved private driveway and private garage space shall be considered as fulfilling the dwelling requirement
Dwellings, townhouse and multifamily
2 per unit
Educational institutions
1.5 parking spaces per staff member or employee
Funeral homes
1 per each 10 square feet in main chapel or parlor
Furniture stores
1 per 500 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 per employee
Gasoline filling stations
2 per each grease bay or similar service area located within a building, plus 1 per employee on duty, minimum 5; this requirement shall be in addition to the paved area to be provided adjacent to gasoline pumps where temporarily standing vehicles are being serviced
Hospitals
2 per bed
Hotels, motels, rooming houses
1 per guest room and 1 per 1.5 employees
Manufacturing plants
1 per 200 square feet of gross floor area (or 1 per 1.5 employees)
Medical or dental clinics
1 per 100 square feet of gross floor area
Nursing homes
1 per bed
Personal service businesses
1 per 250 square feet of gross floor area
Places of assembly, including churches and theaters
1 per 4 seats in the auditorium or, in the case of churches with classrooms, 1 per 4 seats in classroom, if this is a larger number than required for the auditorium
Professional offices
1 parking space per employee, plus for the office of a physician, doctor or dentist, 5 spaces for each practitioner on the premises
Restaurants
1 per 50 square feet of gross floor area
Retail businesses
1 per 150 square feet of gross floor area
Service or repair garages
Minimum of 8 spaces
Warehouses, wholesaling operations
1 per 750 square feet of gross floor area (or 1 per 1.5 employees)
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
B. 
If it can be shown that a particular applicant can demonstrate that fewer spaces would be required and that an area can be set aside for additional spaces if necessary, the number of spaces required herein can be reduced by up to 20% of the required spaces.
C. 
Should a proposed use not have a matching parking requirement listed herein, the applicant shall provide a parking analysis based on accepted industry standards, such as the Institute of Traffic Engineers or other published standard satisfactory to the Zoning Officer.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Added at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
A. 
Off-street parking shall be prohibited for all commercial registered vehicles larger than 8,000 pounds, other than those parked temporarily for the purpose of making deliveries, in the following residential zones within the Township: R-60, R-75, R-100, R-150 and R-A.
B. 
Parking and/or storage of all recreational vehicles, including boats, trailers, campers, and other vehicles used or intended for recreational purposes, on private driveways is prohibited in the R-60, R-75, R-100, R-150 and R-A, unless the said recreational vehicle, as defined hereinabove, is parked on the owner's private driveway at least 15 feet distant from the curbline and six feet distant from the adjoining property owner's side yard.
[Added 7-16-2018 by Ord. No. 18-18]
A. 
An off-street loading space shall have minimum dimensions of 12 feet by 25 feet for standard two-axle commercial vehicles and 14 feet by 50 feet for standard three-or-more-axle vehicles. A minimum clear height of 14 feet shall be required.
B. 
Off-street loading spaces for commercial and industrial uses shall be provided in accordance with the following:
Floor Area Devoted to Use
(square feet)
Number of Spaces Required
5,000 to 30,000
1
30,000 to 70,000
2
70,000 to 120,000
3
Each additional 60,000
1
[Amended 7-18-2005 by Ord. No. 05-14]
A. 
All off-street parking areas with provision for more than five vehicles, or establishments with more than two loading bays or spaces for the temporary parking of commercial vehicles, shall be effectively screened on each side which adjoins or faces a residential district or an institutional premises, except that such screening shall not be required where the parking or loading area is already effectively screened by a natural terrain feature or a street classified in the major street portion of the Comprehensive Master Plan as a major arterial street requiring a right-of-way of 80 feet or more.
B. 
Such screening shall be a solid wall or a solid fence, not less than five feet in height, together with a three-foot planting strip on the outside of such wall or fence, planted in shrubs and evergreens. In lieu of such wall, fence and planting strip, a compact evergreen hedge of not less than three feet in height at the time of planting may be used. The fence, wall, planting strip or hedge shall be maintained in good condition, and no advertising shall be placed thereon. Where appropriate, native vegetation should be favored over types of ground cover that may require fertilizers to sustain a hearty life.
C. 
The screening shall be so designed that vehicle sight distance shall not be affected by entrances, exits and street intersections. Where an off-street parking area abuts or adjoins another, a five-foot-wide planting strip, maintained in good condition, may be used in lieu of the required screening. Separation in impervious areas with the use of vegetative strips of land is encouraged to minimize runoff and to enhance water quality.
A. 
Any portion of any entrance or exit driveway shall not be any closer than 20 feet to the curbline of an intersecting street.
B. 
Any two driveways leading from a street to a single lot shall not be within 30 feet of each other at their intersections with the front lot line for an interior lot and 40 feet for a corner lot.
C. 
No lot shall have more than two driveway entrances or exits along the same street. Not more than one such driveway shall be provided unless traffic circulation on the site and to and from the street will be facilitated.
D. 
In the CG and I Districts, no vehicle entrance or exit to or from any lot used for commercial or industrial purposes shall be permitted to or from any local street where such street serves abutting properties in any adjacent residential district.
E. 
Requiring the installation of traffic control signs on manners of ingress or egress to commercial properties.
(1) 
Any application for development which is presented to the Board of Adjustment or the Planning Board of the Township of Clark for commercial property of whatsoever nature and which provides for ingress and egress shall have been determined by the Planning Board or Board of Adjustment to be one way only, shall be signed accordingly, prior to the issuance of a final certificate of occupancy, and the owners of the property shall, as a condition of issuance of a certificate of occupancy and of final approval by any Board, be required to grant to the Township of Clark the authority to approve all motor vehicle laws and regulations on the property.
(2) 
All signs and traffic control devices required hereunder shall be in accord with and shall be of a design and construction as provided for in the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, current edition, which is incorporated herein by reference.
[Amended 1-17-2012 by Ord. No. 12-01]
A. 
Off-street parking or loading requirements for uses other than those cited above shall be determined in consultation with the Planning Board.
B. 
The Planning Board may waive the requirements of §§ 195-142 and 195-143 or may require additional spaces if the particular use so warrants.
A. 
No application for a building permit or certificate of occupancy for a building or use in any district shall be approved unless there is included within the plot plan for such building or use a plan showing the required space designated for off-street parking or loading purposes to be provided as accessory uses to such building or use and in accordance with the provisions of this article.
B. 
The design and layout of any off-street parking area, hereinbefore defined as having spaces for five or more automobiles, and loading areas in which two or more spaces are required shall be reviewed by the Planning Board with respect to the adequacy of such areas to serve the principal use of the lot and the layout and design of exits and entrances to such areas with respect to the ease of traffic movement in and out of such off-street areas. The plot plan of the lot shall show in detail the location and extent of such off-street areas; the locations and types of screening provided; the layout of parking and loading spaces, driveways and other maneuvering areas; and other requirements of this Part 3.
C. 
The Planning Board may recommend a reasonable number of parking spaces for those uses not listed in the parking schedule above, in accordance with the standards set forth in Subsection B above.