Village of Fox Point, WI
Milwaukee County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
No provision in this chapter is intended to prohibit or prevent the use of any alternate material or method of construction not specifically mentioned in this chapter. Approval of alternate materials or methods of construction shall be obtained from the Department. Requests for approval shall be accompanied by evidence showing that the alternate material or method of construction performs in a manner equal to the material or method required by this chapter. The Department may require any claims made regarding the equivalent performance of alternate materials or method to be substantiated by test.
The Department may require that the materials, methods, systems, components or equipment be tested to determine the suitability for the intended use. The Department will accept results conducted by a recognized independent testing agency. The cost of testing shall be borne by the person requesting the approval.
A. 
The test method used to determine the performance shall be one that is a nationally recognized standard.
B. 
If no nationally recognized standard exists, past performance or recognized engineering analysis may be used to determine suitability.
C. 
Ungraded or used building materials may be used or reused as long as the materials possess the essential properties necessary to achieve the level of performance required by this chapter for the intended use. The Department or the municipality enforcing this chapter may require tests in accordance with this section.
A. 
Manufacture, sale and installation of dwellings. No manufactured dwelling, manufactured building system or component of the building system subject to this part shall be manufactured for use, sold for initial use or installed in this state unless it is approved by the Department and it bears the Wisconsin insignia issued or a state seal or an insignia reciprocally recognized by the Department.
B. 
Installation. A permit shall be obtained before any on-site construction falling within the scope of this chapter is commenced for a manufactured dwelling.
C. 
Approval. An application for the approval of any manufactured dwelling, building system or component shall be submitted to the Department, in the form required by the Department, along with the appropriate fees in accordance with the Wisconsin Administrative Code.
All materials shall be identified by the approved label, the grade mark, the trademark or by other approved manufacturer's identification.
If any section, subsection, paragraph, clause or provision of this chapter shall be adjudged invalid, such adjudication shall apply only to the provisions so adjudged and the rest of this code shall remain valid and effective.
A. 
It shall be unlawful for any person to erect, use, occupy or maintain any building or structure in violation of any provisions of this Code, or to cause, permit or suffer any such violations to be committed. Any person, firm or corporation found guilty of violating any of the provisions of this chapter shall be subject to the penalties provided in § 1-4. It shall be the responsibility of the offender to abate the violation as expeditiously as possible, and each day that such violation is permitted to continue shall constitute a separate offense.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
B. 
If, in any action, a permit was issued, it shall not constitute a defense nor shall any error, oversight or dereliction of duty on the part of the Building Inspector constitute a defense.
It shall be unlawful to commence work prior to obtaining a permit therefor. Double fees shall be charged if work is commenced prior to the issuance of a permit.
A. 
Definitions. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ATTACHED DECK
Any deck which is physically connected to the principal building or accessory structure.
DECK
Any structure which serves as a raised horizontal platform or floor constructed of wood or other materials, without enclosing walls or roof.
DETACHED DECK
Any deck which is not physically attached to the principal building or accessory structure.
B. 
Soil and excavation requirements for deck piers or foundations.
(1) 
No pier shall be placed on soil with a bearing capacity of less than 2,000 pounds per square foot unless the pad support is designed through structural analysis.
(2) 
All organic material (roots, etc.) shall be cut off at the sidewalls of the borings or trench. All organic and loose material must be removed from the cavity area prior to pouring concrete.
C. 
Deck piers, pads and foundations.
(1) 
General footings, pads or piers shall be of adequate bearing area to safely distribute all live and dead loads to the supporting soil without exceeding the bearing capacity of the soil.
(2) 
Type and size of concrete pads, piers or foundations.
(a) 
Decks attached to the principal buildings.
[1] 
Concrete pads. The minimum depth of the pad shall be 48 inches below grade. The minimum dimensions of this pad shall be four inches in depth and eight inches in diameter.
[2] 
Piers. The minimum depth of concrete piers shall be 48 inches below grade. The minimum dimensions of this pier shall be eight inches in diameter [the concrete pier(s) shall extend a minimum of six inches above grade unless an approved mounting bracket is secured at the top surface of the pier(s)].
[3] 
Deck foundations. Shall be in accordance with the requirement of § 756-18A, B(1) or C in this chapter if used instead of piers or pads.
[4] 
Direct burial wood posts shall be placed on a minimum two inches nominal thickness treated plate or other approved materials at a uniform depth below grade. Posts shall be treated to CCA.40 for direct soil contact and must be placed a minimum of 48 inches below established final grade.
(b) 
Detached decks.
[1] 
Concrete pads shall be provided at a uniform depth below grade with all loose or organic material removed from the pad area prior to placement of concrete. The pad shall have a minimum depth of four inches and eight inches in diameter.
[2] 
Piers. The minimum eight-inch diameter concrete piers shall be at a uniform depth below grade.
[3] 
Direct burial posts shall be placed on a minimum two inches nominal pressure-treated plate or other approved materials at a uniform depth below grade. Posts shall be treated to CCA.40 for direct soil contact.
[4] 
Ground contact framing shall be allowed for decks which are less than 24 inches above grade. All materials in direct contact with soil shall be treated to CCA.40.
D. 
Framing.
(1) 
General requirements.
(a) 
Materials. All wood framing used in deck construction shall be pressure treated against decay or shall be a species of wood that is naturally decay resistant or shall be protected from the weather.
(b) 
Design loading. Decks shall be designed for a minimum of a forty-pound-per-square-foot live load.
(2) 
Column posts.
(a) 
Column spacing. Column posts shall be spaced per Table No. 3.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Table No. 3 is included as an attachment to this chapter.
(b) 
Column size.
[1] 
All columns posts not exceeding six feet in height shall be a minimum of four inches by four inches nominal thickness.
[2] 
All column posts exceeding six feet in height shall be a minimum of six inches by six inches nominal thickness unless designed through structural analysis.
(c) 
Lateral support. Column posts shall be constructed in such a manner or mechanically attached to the deck and foundation to resist lateral movement.
(3) 
Beams.
(a) 
Beam size. All beams shall be sized per Table No. 3.[2]
[1] 
Beams, except as otherwise noted in Table No. 1, shall be a minimum of two, two-inch thick member or one four-inch thick member (i.e., two 2 x 8 or one 4 x 8).
[2] 
Beams may be spaced on each side of the post, provided that blocking is installed a minimum of 24 inches on center between the beam members.
[2]
Editor's Note: Table No. 3 is included as an attachment to this chapter.
(b) 
Bearing. Beams bearing directly on the posts shall be attached by means of approved metal anchors or other approved methods.
(c) 
Ledger boards. Ledger boards attached to the building or accessory building may be used to replace a beam or beams. A single member of equal depth to the required size beam shall be used. The ledger beam shall be attached with bolts, lag bolts or nails, spaced no less than 16 inches on center, secured directly to the building structure. Flashing shall be installed between the ledger and building structure.
(d) 
Beams attaching to the side of the post shall be through-bolted with galvanized bolts, supported with approved hangers or attached in accordance with the National Design Standard.
(4) 
Joist.
(a) 
Joist size. All deck joist shall be sized and spaced per Table No. 3.[3]
[3]
Editor's Note: Table No. 3 is included as an attachment to this chapter.
(b) 
Bearing. Deck joists shall bear a minimum of 1.5 inches on the beam or ledger board. Joists fastened to the face of the beam or ledger shall be attached with approved galvanized metal hangers.
(c) 
Overhanging joists. Joists which are at right angles to the supporting beam shall not be cantilevered more than two feet past the supporting beam, unless designed by structural analysis.
(5) 
Decking.
(a) 
Material. All decking material shall be a minimum of 1.25 inches thick, nominal thickness. One-inch nominal thickness may be used, provided that the joists are spaced no more than 16 inches o.c.
(b) 
Decking orientation.
[1] 
Decking shall be installed diagonally or at right angles to the joist.
[2] 
Decking shall be centered over joists with cuts made parallel to joists. Not more than two adjacent boards may break joints on the same joist except at ends and at openings.
(6) 
Guardrails and handrails.
(a) 
Guardrails. All decks which are more than 24 inches above grade shall be protected with guardrails.
(b) 
Handrails. Every stairway of more than three risers shall be provided with at least one handrail. Handrails shall be provided on the open sides of stairways.
(c) 
Guardrail and handrail detail.
[1] 
Height. Handrails shall be located 30 to 34 inches above the nosing of the treads. Guardrails shall be located at least 36 inches above the surface of the deck.
[2] 
Open railings. Open guardrails or handrails shall be provided with intermediate rails or an ornamental pattern to prevent the passage of a sphere with a diameter greater than nine inches.
[3] 
Railing loads. Handrails and guardrails shall be designed and constructed to withstand a two-hundred-pound load applied in any direction and any location.
(7) 
Stairway treads and risers.
(a) 
Risers. Risers shall not exceed eight inches in height measured from tread to tread.
(b) 
Treads. Treads shall be at least nine inches wide, measured horizontally from nose to nose.
(c) 
Variation. There shall be no variation in uniformity exceeding 0.188 inch in the width of a tread or the height of the risers.
(d) 
Stair stringers shall be supported in accordance with the same manner as used for the deck.
(8) 
Fasteners. All fasteners exposed to the weather shall be made of either stainless steel or galvanized steel.
E. 
Spas, hot tubs and other extraordinary weight loads. If a spa, hot tub, or other extraordinary weight load is intended to be placed on a deck, this must be noted in the application to the Building Inspector. The Building Inspector may require plans stamped by a registered engineer to prove that the deck will support such a load. This approval is required before a deck can be constructed which is intended to support such a load, and is also required for all existing decks before such a load can be placed on the deck. The Building Inspector may required pads, piers, foundations, load-bearing capacities, beam sizes, joist sizes and spacing which exceed the otherwise applicable standards of this chapter as the Building Inspector deems to be necessary or appropriate.
[Added 5-14-2013 by Ord. No. 2013-03]
F. 
Permits required. No deck or any other structure, as defined in this section, or any part thereof, shall hereafter be built, enlarged, or altered within the Village, except as hereinbefore provided, and unless a permit therefor shall first be obtained by the owner or his agent from the Building Inspector. Permits issued under this section shall be subject to the requirements and provisions of § 756-7A(1).
[Added 8-13-2002 by Ord. No. 2002-13; amended 5-14-2013 by Ord. No. 2013-03]