It is the intent of this section to insure an adequate water supply for firefighting purposes to structures or buildings that are located on private property at extended distances from Village hydrants.
All buildings or parts thereof to be used for residential or commercial must be fully equipped with all necessary plumbing and piping for water and sewer service and the same shall be connected adequately with Village water and sewer systems.
Any building hereafter erected or structurally altered to increase the floor area by 50% or more shall provide, at the owner's expense, an approved water hydrant when such building is set back more than 150 feet from a Village hydrant. Hydrants shall be freestanding and shall be installed not more than 50 feet nor less than 25 feet from the building. One hydrant shall be located at the main entrance to such building. Additional hydrants shall be provided around the perimeter of the building so that no hydrant is more than 250 feet from any other approved hydrant measured by normal access routes. All such hydrants shall be incorporated as part of a grid water main system connected from two or more water mains.
An approved water hydrant shall mean a water hydrant connected to the Village water mains, and such hydrant shall have a four-and-one-half-inch discharge connection. The connecting water line between the Village water mains and the approved water hydrant shall not be less than eight inches. All water hydrants shall be approved by the Chief of the Fire Department or the chief's designee, and shall be installed in compliance with the standards of the Village Water Utility. All water hydrants shall be installed in such a manner and location so as to be accessible at all times to the Fire Department.
Intent. The intent of this section is to provide a standard means for the automatic extinguishing of fires in buildings that, because of their size, construction or occupancy or lack of suitable protective equipment, constitute a special fire hazard to life or property.
For the purpose of this section, the following definitions shall be applicable:
- As applied to automatic fire sprinkler systems, means the approval of equipment and installation by the North Shore Fire Department applying recognized national fire codes and industry testing standards as to manufacture and installation. All sprinkler installations shall be installed to the appropriate NFPA standard. The edition of that standard shall be the most current printed edition unless specifically identified otherwise. The Authority Having Jurisdiction shall provide all local approvals.
- The entire space within the surrounding exterior walls not to include vent shafts or courts. For purposes of calculating egress, two-hour walls meeting the design of horizontal exits can be used to limit area.
- AUTHORITY HAVING JURISDICTION (AHJ)
- As used in this chapter and in all NFPA documents, shall mean the Chief of the North Shore Fire Department or the chief's designee. The AHJ shall be responsible for the enforcement of the Fire Code as well as approving all sprinkler and fire alarm plans.
- AUTOMATIC FIRE SPRINKLER EQUIPMENT
- A system of piping connected to a water supply or other recognized suppression agent provided with approved automatic fire sprinklers and/or devices so arranged and located as to discharge water or other recognized suppression agent automatically to control or suppress a fire.
- That portion of a building or structure that is partially or completely below the level of exit discharge.
- CLASSES OF CONSTRUCTION
- The classes of construction referenced are set forth in the International Building Code.
- EXISTING OCCUPANCY
- All buildings or portions of buildings occupied at the time this chapter is adopted.
- Any level below a basement. This level is entirely below grade.
Occupancy definitions. The following are the occupancy classifications and their definitions that will be used to determine the building, structure or tenant use of any given space. The following are referenced from the International Building Code.
Where required. An approved automatic fire sprinkler system shall be installed and maintained per the requirements of the Life Safety Code, NFPA 101. Where conflicts arise between this section and any other code section, the most restrictive requirements shall apply. Nothing in this section shall apply to one and two-family dwellings.
Special structures and high-rise buildings:
Open structures (occasional occupants): provide automatic, manual or other protection that is appropriate for the hazard.
Towers (occasional occupants): provide automatic, manual or other protection that is appropriate for the hazard.
Water-surrounded structures (occasional occupants): provide automatic, manual or other protection that is appropriate for the hazard.
Piers: protection dependent on use of pier.
Vehicles and vessels: where immobile, check specific occupancy use chapter for requirements.
Underground and windowless structures: approved automatic sprinkler system (occupant load of 50 or more).
High-rise buildings: protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system.
Permanent membrane structures: portable fire extinguishers.
Temporary membrane structures: portable fire extinguishers.
Tents: portable fire extinguishers.
Assembly. Throughout buildings with assembly occupant load of 300 or more. Throughout the story containing the assembly occupancy. Throughout all stories below the story containing the assembly use. In cases where the assembly use is located below the level of exit discharge, then all intervening stories including the level of exit discharge.
Educational: all levels below the level of exit discharge.
Day care: check size for special requirements.
Health care: buildings containing health care occupancies throughout.
Ambulatory health care: check occupancy chapter.
Lodging or rooming house: throughout.
Hotels and dormitories: throughout.
Apartment building: throughout.
Residential board and care occupancies: throughout.
Mercantile occupancies: throughout, if:
All mercantile occupancies three or more stories in height.
All mercantile occupancies exceeding 12,000 square feet in gross area.
Stories below the level of exit discharge where such stories have an area exceeding 2,500 square feet us for the sale, storage, or handling of combustible goods and merchandise.
Business occupancies: check occupancy chapter.
Storage occupancies. Special provisions for certain types of storage uses.
Hazardous properties or special concerns. Throughout every building which by reason of its construction or the highly combustible nature of its occupancy involves a severe hazard to the life of its occupants or, in the judgment of the authority having jurisdiction, constitutes a fire hazard which by its very nature may more directly affect adjoining properties.
How installed. All required fire extinguishing and fire alarm systems shall be installed in accordance with current editions of the National Fire Protection Association, hereinafter referred to as "NFPA" Fire Protection Code or Codes, or other standards, which substantially meet or exceed NFPA standards as approved by the Fire Chief.
Maintenance. The owner or occupant of a building or structure containing any required automatic sprinkler system shall maintain that system in an operative condition at all times which includes periods where the building may not be occupied. The occupant of the building shall notify the Fire Chief immediately in case the sprinkler protection is rendered out of service for any reason. All sprinkler systems shall be tested to meet the requirements of NFPA 25. A person(s) or company holding testers credentials issued by the State of Wisconsin shall perform the tests.
Automatic fire extinguisher cooking systems.
Definitions. For the purposes of this section, the following definitions shall be applicable:
- All provisions of this section have been complied with and have been approved in writing by the Fire Department.
- APPROVED AUTOMATIC FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM
- A package unit as listed by the Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (or other nationally recognized testing laboratory), fire protection equipment list in effect at the date of installation, for the extinguishing of fires in hoods, filters and ducts used for the ventilation of cooking equipment, or a system individually designed to the appropriate applicable standard.
- COOKING EQUIPMENT
- Ranges, ovens, broilers, deep fryers, grills and other cooking appliances or devices designed for use in preparing food.
- DUCT SYSTEMS
- Metal enclosures or pipes attached to the hood and leading to the outside for the purpose of venting and dissipating cooking vapors and residues.
- A building or portion of a building, room, public or private, where food is prepared for consumption by customers either on or off the premises, patients, members or inmates of such building. Included in this definition are schools, churches, hospitals, nursing homes, lodges, hotels, motels, cafeterias, restaurants, food kitchens and places of detention.
- The portion of the cooking equipment usually installed above the cooking equipment and designed for the primary collection of cooking vapors and residues, constructed of materials listed and approved for that use.
- PACKAGE UNIT
- A complete automatic fire extinguishing system as designed by the manufacturer, listed by a testing organization and installed in compliance with the manufacturer's instructions and recommendations. Systems designed for individual installation by competent authority and approved by the Fire Department shall be deemed to be in compliance with this section.
A hood and duct system shall be installed in any restaurant, and over all other equipment used for frying, cooking and similar preparation of food in all establishments, shall be equipped with or have immediately available, an approved automatic fire extinguishing system designed for manual and automatic operation, or with a system approved by the Fire Department which will safeguard the premises, occupants and frequenters thereof.
All equipment shall conform to the appropriate NFPA standard. The equipment shall be either a "package unit" as listed in the Underwriters Laboratories, Inc., Fire Protection Equipment List, for the extinguishment of fires in hoods, filters, and ducts used for ventilation of restaurant cooking equipment or a system individually designed ("engineered systems") to the applicable NFPA standard for the type of extinguishing equipment. A manual actuation control which is accessible to kitchen personnel shall be provided. The control shall be located near the hood not more than five feet above the floor, readily accessible and not obstructed by cabinets or any other objects, permanent or temporary that would affect a persons ability to see the device. Instructions on operation of the manual control system shall be posted. A visual indicating device shall be provided and so located that at any time it can readily be determined if the system's extinguishing agent has discharged. An automatic fuel shutoff device shall be provided on all gas-fired appliances.
No fuel shutoff device is required for electric appliances except electrically operated deep fat fryers. The installation shall conform to NFPA No. 96, Ventilation of Cooking Equipment. Package units shall be installed in conformance with the limitations in the Underwriters' Laboratories, Fire Protection Equipment List as established by tests for the various unit sizes and nozzle arrangements. In the ventilating system, all areas that are enclosed or partly enclosed shall be protected, including areas behind filters, duct work, including in some cases fresh air intakes, and enclosed air intakes ahead of filters. All hood systems shall be engineered regardless of size.
Plans. A dimensional drawing or sketch showing the hood and ducts and the extinguishing system shall be prepared together with a form showing the size of the hood and ducts, the area of the protected surface, the model, size and number of package units, the size and length of piping, the number and type of fittings and the number of nozzles and distance of nozzles above the cooking surface, if protected.
Maintenance requirements. All extinguishing systems shall be inspected and maintained at least semiannually by a factory authorized representative, and the unit shall have a certification tag of the inspection which shall be attached to the extinguishing agent.
Access for firefighting.
Access for use of heavy firefighting equipment shall be provided to the immediate job site at the start of construction and maintained until all construction is completed.
Free access from the street to fire hydrants, and to outside connections for standpipes, sprinklers or other fire extinguishing equipment, whether permanent or temporary, shall be provided and maintained at all times. No material or construction shall be placed within 10 feet of such hydrants or connections, nor between it and the center line of the street.
During building operations, free access to permanent, temporary, or portable first aid fire equipment shall be maintained at all times.
In all buildings over 50 feet in height, at least one stairway shall be provided in usable condition at all times. This stairway shall be extended upward as each floor is installed.
Arrangements shall be made so that fire fighters will have access to the premises when called to a fire.
Supervision and watch service.
A capable person having the necessary authority shall be placed in charge of fire protection. That person's responsibilities shall include maintenance and location of fire protective equipment, general supervision of safeguards and location of salamanders or portable heating equipment, and the establishment and maintenance of safe cutting and welding operations.
No owner or occupant of any building or any person or corporation engaged, either as a contractor, worker or in any other capacity, in any work upon any building, shall maintain a fire in any building within this Village in a stove, salamander, or other similar contrivance without having some person at all times present in such building to attend such fire unless a fireproof substance is at all times maintained immediately under such stove, salamander or other similar contrivance and unless the same is connected with the outside of said building by means of a noncombustible pipe or chimney in such manner that all of the smoke and gases arising from such fire are conducted directly to outside of said buildings.
Cutting and welding operations. A permit system to be administered by the Fire Department shall be used for cutting and welding operations on the job site under the supervision of the construction superintendent or the person in charge of fire protection. This permit system shall be applicable to subcontractors' personnel as well as the contractors. A permit shall not be issued until:
It has been determined that cutting and welding can be safely conducted at the desired location;
Combustibles have been moved away or safely covered; and
A fire watchman with extinguisher is posted for the duration of the work, and for 30 minutes thereafter, to see that sparks or drops of hot metal do not start fires.
Concealed spaces. In the construction of new buildings or structures involving structural or substantial alterations amounting to more than 50% of the assessed valuation of the building or structure, any concealed space in which materials having a flame-spread rating greater than Class A are exposed, shall be effectively fire-stopped as hereinafter provided with materials approved by the Fire Department.
Every interior and exterior wall and partition shall be fire-stopped at each floor level, at the top story ceiling level and at the level of support for roofs.
Every unoccupied attic space shall be subdivided by fire stops into areas not to exceed 3,000 square feet.
Any concealed space between the ceiling and the floor or the roof above shall be fire-stopped for the full length of the space along the line of support for the floor or roof structural members and if necessary, to be determined by the Fire Department, at other locations, to form areas not to exceed 1,000 square feet for any space between the ceiling and the floor, and 3,000 square feet for any space between the ceiling and the roof.
No owner or owners, agent or occupants of any buildings situated within the Village shall allow any wastepaper, hay, straw, rags, or other waste material of combustible nature to accumulate or to remain in any building or on any premises more than 24 hours unless stored as provided in Subsection D of this section.
The Chief of the Fire Department may order the immediate removal of such accumulated combustible waste material from any building or premises when in his opinion such storage would create a fire hazard. Ashes, when kept in basements in buildings under this section, shall be placed in fireproof tins, areas or containers.
Every person who violates the provisions of this section shall be deemed guilty of a separate offense for every 24 hours such violations shall continue and shall be subject to a separate penalty for each and every offense.
Combustible cuttings, disposal of waste, cloth, paper, or other waste combustible cuttings shall be cleared up and removed from the building at the close of each day's work, and shall be stored in a separate fireproof storage building, or in a metal container with cover or in a metal-lined box with cover or in a fireproof vault or room.
Oily waste and oily rags, when not in actual use, during the day, shall be kept in approved, standard, self-closing metal waste cans, set firmly on three-inch legs. One such waste can shall be installed for every 2,500 square feet of floor area, on each floor, where oily waste or oily rags are used. The contents of all such waste cans shall be destroyed, burned or removed from the building at the close of each day's work.
Sweeping compounds within buildings shall be kept and stored in covered metal drums or containers.
Sweepings shall be immediately burned or deposited in approved metal receptacles.
Oily or greasy clothing shall not be allowed to remain on wooden floors or work benches, nor placed in wooden lockers, or hung against wooden walls or partitions. All such items shall be stored in a properly listed storage locker or container.
It shall be unlawful for any owner or occupant of any building or premises to store or permit the storage in any building or on any premises any loose or baled hay, straw, hemp, flax, tow, shavings, sawdust or any other combustible materials of like nature.
[Amended 8-11-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-02A; 6-12-2018 by Ord. No. 2018-03]
Grilling exception. Fires using charcoal, wood, propane or natural gas in cooking or grilling appliances are allowed if located in approved locations as follows: No hibachi, gas-fired grill, charcoal grill, electric grill or other similar device used for cooking shall be used or kindled above grade level on any balcony or under any overhanging portion or within 10 feet of any structure, any combustible material, combustible wall or partition, exterior window opening, exit access or exit.
Permanent gas-fire feature exception. Permanent outdoor gas-fire features may be utilized for open burning upon compliance with all applicable codes and standards. Fuel for this type of fire shall only be those designated for the appliance. The appliance shall have an enclosure that is permanently anchored to the exterior of the fire feature. Fire features shall not be located closer than 10 feet from the nearest building, accessory structure, fence, deck or any other combustible surface and shall be used on a noncombustible, safe and level surface. No combustible materials shall be allowed within five feet of the appliance. Features must be located a minimum of 10 feet from building air intakes or other openings. Any open burning of this type shall be constantly attended and supervised by competent persons of at least 18 years of age; this includes the time from ignition until the fire is extinguished. These persons shall have readily available for use such fire-extinguishing equipment as may be necessary for the total control and extinguishment of the fire. The igniter shall be secured to prevent unauthorized persons from igniting the burner. A visible emergency shut-off shall be provided within reach.
Negligent handling prohibited. Notwithstanding the foregoing exceptions, whoever handles burning materials in a highly negligent manner is subject to the penalties hereinafter enumerated. Burning material is handled in a highly negligent manner if, under the circumstances, the person should realize that it creates an unreasonable risk and high probability of death or great bodily harm to another or serious damage to another's property.
No persons shall carry, keep or maintain any fire in, through, or upon any public thoroughfare or premises, except within an approved, closed, secure pan, vessel or vehicle.
No open flame candles or other open flame fixture, whether equipped with a guard or not, shall be used in any place of assembly, except within duly constituted church or lodge buildings. Such open flame candles or other flame fixtures, whether equipped with a guard or not, shall not be used in auditoriums of church or lodge buildings, except when such candles or fixtures are actually held by persons seated, standing, or in procession in such auditorium. Such candles or fixtures need not be held by persons in the auditorium if they are securely supported on noncombustible bases and the flame is at least seven feet above the floor; are so located as to avoid danger of ignition of combustible material; are under constant observation and supervision by a responsible person designated for each aisle; are kept lighted only when necessary during the ceremony or ritual; and are extinguished before the occupants leave the auditorium.
Open flame devices used for the warming of food may be used in restaurants and dining areas, provided such devices and their location are approved by the Fire Department.
Open flame devices may be used on stages where a necessary part of theatrical performances, provided adequate precautions, satisfactory to the Fire Department, are taken to prevent ignition of any combustible materials.
The use of other open flame lights and devices, not herein regulated, may be permitted by the Chief of the Fire Department, or the chief's designees, under such restrictions as in their judgment is necessary to avoid danger of ignition of combustible material or injury to persons.
Any person who by attempting to light or to smoke cigarettes, cigars, pipes, tobacco products of any type, or any smoking materials in any manner in which lighters or matches are employed, shall set fire whether willfully or wantonly or not to any bedding, furniture, curtains, drapes, house or any house hold furnishings or any part of a building shall be guilty of violating this section.
The keeping or storing of fuel for internal combustion engines is prohibited within a dwelling or dwelling unit, excepting garages.
Subject to the provisions of Subsection A hereof, the storage of more than 10 gallons of fuel for internal combustion engines on any property in the Village is prohibited, excepting herefrom such fuels stored in factory installed and attached fuel tanks of motor vehicles and power equipment and filling station storage tanks.