Borough of Palmyra, PA
Lebanon County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Borough Council of the Borough of Palmyra 12-20-1993 by Ord. No. 593 (Ch. X, Part 2, of the 1975 Borough Code). Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Property maintenance — See Ch. 270.

§ 344-1 Purpose.

Under the general police powers of the Borough of Palmyra, this chapter is enacted for the health, safety and general welfare of its citizens.

§ 344-2 Definitions.

As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ACCESSORY STRUCTURE
A detached structure which is not used or not intended to be used for living or sleeping by human occupants.
BREEDING AREA
Any condition which provides the necessary environment for the birth or hatching of vectors.
CODE ENFORCEMENT OFFICER
The person appointed by Council to enforce this chapter.
[Added 2-22-2010 by Ord. No. 716]
COLLECTION OF WATER
Contained in ditches, pools, ponds, streams, excavations, holes, depressions, open cesspools, privy vaults, fountains, cisterns, tanks, shallow wells, tires, barrels, troughs, urns, cans, boxes, bottles, tubs, buckets, roof gutters, tanks of flush closets, reservoirs, vessels, receptacles of any kind or other containers or devices which may hold water.
DILAPIDATED
Fallen into partial ruin or decay.
DISPOSAL
The storage, collection, disposal or handling of refuse.
EXTERMINATION
The control and elimination of vectors by eliminating their harborage places; by removing or making inaccessible materials that may serve as their food; by poisoning, spraying, fumigating, fogging, larviciding, trapping or by any other recognized and legal vector-control elimination methods approved by the local or state authority having such administrative authority.
GARBAGE
All animal and vegetable waste resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking or consumption of foods.
HARBORAGE
Any place where vectors can live, nest or seek shelter.
OCCUPANT
Any person living, sleeping, cooking or eating in, or actually having possession of, a dwelling unit or a rooming unit, except that in dwelling units a guest will not be considered an "occupant."
OWNER
Any person who alone or jointly or severally with others:
A. 
Shall have legal title to any premises, dwelling or dwelling unit, with or without accompanying actual possession thereof; or
B. 
Shall have charge, care or control of any premises, dwelling or dwelling unit, as owner or agent of the owner or as executor, administrator, trustee or guardian of the estate of the owner. Any such person thus representing the actual owner shall be bound to comply with the provisions of this chapter and the rules and regulations adopted pursuant thereto, to the same extent as if he were the "owner."
REFUSE
All solid wastes, except body wastes, and shall include garbage, ashes and rubbish.
RUBBISH
Glass, metal, paper, plant growth, wood or nonputrescible solid waste.
VECTOR
A rodent, arthropod or insect capable of transmitting a disease or infection. "Vectors" shall include but not be limited to rats, mosquitoes, cockroaches, flies and ticks.
VECTOR-PROOFING
A form of construction to prevent the ingress or egress of vectors to or from a given space or building or to prevent vectors from gaining access to food, water or harborage. This term shall include but not be limited to rat-proofing, fly-proofing and mosquito-proofing.

§ 344-3 Forbidden acts.

It shall be unlawful:
A. 
For any person, firm or corporation to deposit any refuse, offal, pomace, dead animals, decaying matter or organic substance of any kind in or upon any private lot, building, structure, accessory structure or premises or in or upon any street, avenue, alley, parkway, ravine, ditch or gutter or into any of the waters of the commonwealth so that the same shall or may afford food, harborage or breeding areas for rats, flies or other vectors and thereby create a public health threat.
B. 
For any person, firm or corporation to deposit or permit to accumulate in or upon any premises, improved or vacant, or on any open lot or alley any lumber, boxes, barrels, bottles, tires, discarded appliances and furniture, cans, glass, scrap iron, wire, metal articles, pipe, broken stone or cement, broken crockery, broken plaster or rubbish of any kind so that the same shall or may afford food, harborage or breeding areas for rats, flies or other vectors and thereby create a public health threat; provided, however, that the same may be kept in approved covered receptacles or placed on open racks that are elevated not less than six inches above the ground and evenly piled or stacked or disposed of as may be approved by the Department of Environmental Protection.
C. 
To maintain a junkyard or place for dumping, wrecking or disassembling of automobiles, trucks, tractors or machinery of any kind or for the storing or leaving of dilapidated, wrecked or abandoned automobiles, trucks, tractors or machinery of any kind, or of any of the parts thereof, or for the storing or leaving of any machinery or equipment used by contractors or builders or by other persons, which said places may afford harborage or breeding areas for rats or other vectors and thereby create a public health threat.
D. 
To dump, bury or otherwise dispose of refuse except at an approved refuse disposal site.
E. 
To collect, haul, transport or convey garbage in open unenclosed non-leakproof vehicles.
F. 
To have, keep, maintain, cause or permit any collection of water in which mosquitoes breed or are likely to breed, unless such collection of water is treated or maintained so as effectually to prevent such breeding.

§ 344-4 Responsibilities of owners and occupants.

Owners and occupants shall have the following responsibilities:
A. 
Every owner of a dwelling containing two or more dwelling units shall maintain in a clean and sanitary condition the shared or public areas of the dwelling and premises thereof.
B. 
Every occupant of a dwelling or dwelling unit shall maintain clean and sanitary conditions in that part or those parts of the dwelling, dwelling unit and premises thereof that he occupies and controls.
C. 
Every occupant of a dwelling containing a single dwelling unit shall be responsible for the extermination of insects and/or rodents on the premises which constitute a public health threat, and every occupant of a dwelling unit in a dwelling containing more than one dwelling unit shall be responsible for such extermination whenever his dwelling unit is the only one infested. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this subsection, whenever infestation is caused by failure of the owner to maintain a dwelling in a rodent-proof or reasonably insect-proof condition, extermination shall be the responsibility of the owner. Whenever infestation exists in two or more of the dwelling units in any dwelling or in the shared or public parts of any dwelling containing two or more dwelling units, extermination shall be the responsibility of the owner.

§ 344-5 Vector-proofing.

Any dwelling, building, structure, accessory structure, premises or any other place may be required to be vector-proofed when found to be providing harborage or breeding areas for rats, flies, mosquitoes or any other vectors. It shall be unlawful for the owner, occupant, contractor, public utility company, plumber or any other person to remove and fail to restore in like condition the vector-proofing from any building, structure or accessory structure, for any purpose.

§ 344-6 Vector control programs. [1]

A program planned and specifications for private vector control programs may be required to be submitted to this Borough as deemed necessary by the Code Enforcement Officer. Said program plan shall be submitted by the owner or agent of the property on or in which said vector control program is or will be conducted. The program plan shall state the type of vectors to be controlled, the name of the company contracted to carry out the program and any and all work to be conducted in an effort to control said vectors. If, after review of the program plan by the Code Enforcement Officer, it is found to be inadequate or incomplete, additional information may be required as well as additional control methods.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 344-7 Inspection.

A. 
From and after the passage of this chapter, the Code Enforcement Officer is empowered to make inspections of the interior and exterior of all dwellings, buildings, structures and accessory structures, premises, collections of water or any other places to determine full compliance with this chapter and any regulations adopted hereunder, and to determine evidence of vector infestation and the need for vector-proofing or additions or repairs to existing vector-proofing.
[Amended 2-22-2010 by Ord. No. 716]
B. 
Whenever it shall be determined that any dwelling, building, structure, accessory structure, premises, collection of water or any other place is in violation of this chapter, a notice shall be issued setting forth the alleged violations and advising the owner, occupant, operator or agent that such violations must be corrected. The time for the correction of said violations must be given.
C. 
Whenever said violation shall fail to be corrected within the time set forth, this Borough may proceed to abate said violations in the manner provided by law.

§ 344-8 Additional rules.

The Borough Council of Palmyra, by resolution duly adopted, may establish rules and regulations to carry out the provisions of this chapter. Such rules and regulations shall become effective upon adoption of the resolution unless another effective date is specified in the resolution.

§ 344-9 Violations and penalties.

[Amended 2-22-2010 by Ord. No. 716]
Any person who shall violate a provision of this chapter or who shall fail to comply with the requirements thereof or any directive of the Code Enforcement Officer or who shall fail to remedy or who shall negligently or improperly remedy any condition in violation of this chapter shall be liable, upon summary conviction therefor, to fines and penalties of: not less than $100 nor more than $1,000 plus all costs of prosecution for a first offense; not less than $200 nor more than $1,000 plus all costs of prosecution for a second offense; and not less than $300 nor more than $1,000 plus all costs of prosecution for a third offense or a subsequent offense, which fines and penalties may be collected as provided by law. All fines and penalties shall be paid over to the Borough Treasurer. Each day that a violation continues and each section of this chapter which is violated shall be deemed a separate offense. This chapter may also be enforced by an action in equity brought in the Lebanon County Court of Common Pleas.