[Code 1975, § 1-1]
The ordinances embraced in the following sections and chapters shall constitute and be designated the "Revised Code of Ordinances, City of Biddeford, Maine," and may be so cited.
[Code 1975, § 1-2]
In the construction of this Code, and of all ordinances, the rules and definitions set out in this section shall be observed, unless such construction would be inconsistent with the manifest intent of the City Council. The rules of construction and definitions set out in this section shall not be applied to any section of this Code which shall contain any express provision excluding such construction, or where the subject matter of context of such section may be repugnant thereto.
Generally. All general provisions, terms, phrases and expressions contained in this Code shall be liberally construed in order that the true intent and meaning of the City Council may be fully carried out. In the interpretation and application of any provisions of this Code, they shall be held to be the minimum requirements adopted for the promotion of the public health, safety, comfort, convenience and general welfare. Where any provision of the Code imposes greater restrictions upon the subject matter than the general provision imposed by the Code, the provision imposing the greater restriction or regulation shall be deemed to be controlling.
- The word "Charter" shall mean the Charter of the City of Biddeford, Maine, printed as Part I of this volume.
- The word "City" shall mean the City of Biddeford, Maine.
- CITY COUNCIL, COUNCIL
- Whenever the words "Council" or "City Council" are used, they shall be construed to mean the City Council of the City of Biddeford, Maine.
- The word "code" shall mean the Revised Code of Ordinances, City of Biddeford, Maine, printed as Part II of this volume.
- COMPUTATION OF TIME
- Whenever a notice is required to be given or an act to be done a certain length of time before any proceeding shall be had, the day on which such notice is given, or such act is done, shall not be counted in computing the time, but the day on which such proceeding is to be held shall be counted.
- CORPORATE LIMITS or CITY LIMITS
- The term "corporate limits" or "City limits" shall mean the legal boundaries of the City of Biddeford, Maine.
- The word "county" shall mean the County of York in the State of Maine.
- A word importing the masculine gender only shall extend and be applied to females and to firms, partnerships and corporations as well as to males.
- JOINT AUTHORITY
- All words giving a joint authority to three or more persons or officers shall be construed as giving such authority to a majority of such persons or officers.
- The word "Mayor" shall mean the Mayor of the City.
- The word "month" shall mean a calendar month.
- NONTECHNICAL AND TECHNICAL WORDS
- Words and phrases shall be construed according to the common and approved usage of the language, but technical words and phrases and such others as may have acquired a peculiar and appropriate meaning in law shall be construed and understood according to such meaning.
- A word importing the singular number only may extend and be applied to several persons and things as well as to one person and thing.
- OFFICIALS, BOARDS, COMMISSIONS
- Whenever reference is made to officials, boards and commissions by title only, such references shall be deemed to refer to the officials, boards and commissions of the City of Biddeford.
- The word "person" shall extend and be applied to associations, clubs, societies, firms, partnerships and bodies politic and corporate as well as to individuals.
- PERSONAL PROPERTY
- The term "personal property" includes every species of property except real property, as defined in this section.
- PRECEDING, FOLLOWING
- The words "preceding" and "following" mean next before and next after, respectively.
- The word "property" shall include real and personal property.
- REAL PROPERTY
- The term "real property" shall include lands, tenements and hereditaments.
- The word "shall" is mandatory.
- SIGNATURE or SUBSCRIPTION
- The word "signature" or "subscription" includes a mark when the person cannot write.
- The words "the state" or "this state" shall be construed to mean the State of Maine.
- The word "street" shall be construed to embrace streets, avenues, boulevards, roads, alleys, lanes, viaducts and all other public ways in the City, and shall include all areas thereof embraced between the property lines or dedicated to the public use.
- TENANT or OCCUPANT
- The word "tenant" or "occupant," applied to a building or land, shall include any person holding a written or oral lease or who occupies the whole or a part of such building or land, either alone or with others.
- Words used in the past or present tense include the future as well as the past and present.
- WRITTEN or IN WRITING
- The word "written" or "in writing" shall be construed to include any representation of words, letters or figures, whether by printing or otherwise.
- The word "year" shall mean a calendar year.
[Code 1975, § 1-3]
The catchlines of the several sections of this Code printed in boldface type are intended as mere catchwords to indicate the contents of the section and shall not be deemed or taken to be titles of such sections, nor as any part of the section, nor, unless expressly so provided, shall they be so deemed when any of such sections, including the catchlines, are amended or reenacted.
All references in this Code to chapters or sections are to the chapters and sections of this Code unless otherwise specified.
The history notes appearing in parentheses after sections in this Code are not intended to have any legal effect, but are merely intended to indicate the source of matter contained in the section.
References and editor's notes following certain sections of this Code are inserted as an aid and guide to the reader and are not controlling or meant to have any legal effect.
[Code 1975, § 1-6]
When any ordinance repealing a former ordinance, clause or provision shall be itself repealed, such repeal shall not be construed to revive such former ordinance, clause or provision unless it shall be therein so expressly provided.
The repeal of an ordinance shall not affect any punishment or penalty incurred before the repeal took effect, nor any suit, prosecution or proceeding pending at the time of the repeal, for an offense committed or cause of action arising under the ordinance repealed.
Nothing in this Code or the ordinance adopting this Code shall affect any of the following ordinances when not inconsistent with this Code:
Any ordinance or order promising or guaranteeing the payment of money for the City, or authorizing the issuance of any bonds of the City or any evidence of the City's indebtedness, or any contract or obligation assumed by the City;
Any ordinance or order granting any right or franchise;
Any ordinance or order dedicating, naming, establishing, locating, relocating, opening, paving, widening, vacating, etc., any street or public way in the City;
Any ordinance or order establishing or prescribing grades in the City;
Any ordinance or order providing for local improvements and assessing taxes therefor;
Any ordinance or order dedicating or accepting any plat or subdivision in the City;
Any ordinance or order prescribing specific parking restrictions, no parking zones, specific speed zones, parking meter zones and specific stop or yield intersections or other traffic ordinances pertaining to specific streets;
Any ordinance or order pertaining to mobile homes and mobile home parks, zoning, land use, flood prevention and protection, site plans, land subdivisions and rezoning;
Any ordinance or order levying a fee or establishing a rate or charge which is not included in the Code and is on file in the City Clerk's office;
Any other ordinance, or part thereof, which is not of a general and permanent nature;
Any ordinance regarding the cable television system;
Any ordinance regarding general assistance or welfare;
Any ordinance regarding annexations or contracting the boundaries of the City;
Any appropriation ordinance;
Any ordinance levying or imposing taxes;
[Code 1975, § 1-4]
Any and all additions and amendments to this Code, when passed in such form as to indicate the intention of the City Council to make the addition or amendment a part of this Code, shall be deemed to be incorporated in this Code, so that reference to the Code shall be understood and intended to include such additions and amendments.
All ordinances passed subsequent to this Code which amend, repeal or in any way affect this Code may be numbered in accordance with the numbering system of this Code and printed for inclusion in the Code. When subsequent ordinances repeal any chapter, article, division, section or subsection, or any portion thereof, such repealed portions may be excluded from the Code by the omission thereof from reprinted pages.
Amendments to any of the provisions of this Code may be made by amending such provisions by specific reference to the section number of this Code in substantially the following language: "That section _____ of the Revised Code of Ordinances, City of Biddeford, Maine, is hereby amended to read as follows: . . . " The new provisions shall then be set out in full as desired.
If a new section not then existing in the Code is to be added, the following language may be used: "That the Revised Code of Ordinances, City of Biddeford, Maine, is hereby amended by adding a section to be numbered _____, which section reads as follows: . . . " The new section may then be set out in full as desired.
All sections, divisions, articles, chapters or provisions desired to be repealed must be specifically repealed by section, division, article or chapter number, as the case may be.
By contract or by City personnel, supplements to this Code shall be prepared and printed whenever authorized or directed by the City Council. A supplement to the Code shall include all substantive permanent and general parts of ordinances adopted during the period covered by the supplement and all changes made thereby in the Code. The pages of a supplement shall be so numbered that they will fit properly into the Code and will, where necessary, replace pages which have become obsolete or partially obsolete, and the new pages shall be so prepared that, when they have been inserted, the Code will be current through the date of adoption of the latest ordinance included in the supplement.
In preparing a supplement to this Code, all portions of the Code which have been repealed shall be excluded from the Code by the omission thereof from reprinted pages.
When preparing a supplement to this Code, the codifier (meaning the person authorized to prepare the supplement) may make formal, nonsubstantive changes in ordinances and parts of ordinances included in the supplement, insofar as it is necessary to do so to embody them into a unified code. For example, the codifier may:
Organize the ordinance material into appropriate subdivisions;
Provide appropriate catchlines, headings and titles for sections and other subdivisions of the Code printed in the supplement, and make changes in such catchlines, headings and titles;
Assign appropriate numbers to sections and other subdivisions to be inserted in the Code and, where necessary to accommodate new material, change existing section or other subdivision numbers;
Change the words "this ordinance" or words of the same meaning to "this chapter," "this article," "this division," etc., as the case may be, or to "sections _____ to _____" (inserting section numbers to indicate the sections of the Code which embody the substantive sections of the ordinance incorporated into the Code); and
Make other nonsubstantive changes necessary to preserve the original meaning of ordinance sections inserted into the Code; but in no case shall the codifier make any change in the meaning or effect of ordinance material included in the supplement or already embodied in the Code.
[Code 1975, § 1-5]
It shall be unlawful for any person in the City to change or amend, by additions or deletions, any part or portion of this Code, or to insert or delete pages, or portions thereof, or to alter or tamper with such Code in any manner whatsoever which will cause the law of the City to be misrepresented thereby.
[Code 1975, § 1-8]
Whenever in this Code or in any ordinance of the City any act is prohibited or is made or declared to be unlawful or a misdemeanor, or whenever in such Code or ordinance the doing of any act is required or the failure to do any act is declared to be unlawful, where no specific penalty is provided therefor, the violation of any such provision of this Code or any ordinance shall be punished by a fine of not more than $2,500. All fines shall be recovered on complaint to the use of the City.
[Code 1975, § 1-7]
The sections, paragraphs, sentences, clauses and phrases of this Code are severable, and if any phrase, clause, sentence, paragraph or section of this Code shall be declared unconstitutional, invalid or unenforceable by the valid judgment or decree of a court of competent jurisdiction, such unconstitutionality, invalidity or unenforceability shall not affect any of the remaining phrases, clauses, sentences, paragraphs and sections of this Code.