Township of Easttown, PA
Chester County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

§ 400-30 Applicability.

[Amended 9-17-1990 by Ord. No. 235-90]
The following standards and requirements shall be complied with in all subdivisions and land developments. No modification or deviation of the requirements stated in this article shall be permitted except as provided in § 400-10 of this chapter, or as otherwise provided by other applicable sections of this chapter.

§ 400-31 Land and use requirements.

A. 
All proposed subdivisions and land development shall comply fully with the existing zoning regulations applicable to the land, and no parcel of land shall be created, either by inclusion or exclusion from a proposed subdivision, which cannot be properly utilized for a permitted use under the existing zoning regulations.
B. 
Land subject to hazards to life, health, or property, such as may arise from fire, floods, disease, or other cause, shall not be subdivided for building purposes or developed unless the hazards have been eliminated or unless the plans show adequate safeguard against them.
C. 
No on-site sewage disposal facility shall be permitted to be installed unless applicable Township, state and/or Chester County standards are fully satisfied.
D. 
No basement, cellar, or slab foundation shall be constructed in a flood hazard area.
E. 
Proposed developments shall be coordinated with existing nearby neighborhoods with particular reference to street layout and the provision of sanitary sewage and water facilities so that the community as a whole may develop harmoniously.

§ 400-32 General standards for public streets.

A. 
The location and width of all public streets shall conform to the official plans or to such parts thereof as may have been adopted by the Township and/or the county.
B. 
The proposed public street system shall extend existing or recorded streets at the same or greater width, but in no case at less than the required minimum width.
C. 
Where, in the opinion of the Township Planning Commission, it is desirable to provide for public street access to adjoining property, public streets shall be extended by dedication to the boundary of such property.
D. 
New minor public streets shall be so designed as to discourage through traffic, but the developer shall give adequate consideration to provision for the extension and continuation of major and collector streets into and from adjoining properties.
E. 
Where a development abuts an existing public street of improper width or alignment, the Township may require the dedication of land sufficient to widen the street or correct the alignment.

§ 400-33 Partial and half streets.

A. 
New half or partial streets will not be permitted, except where essential to the reasonable development of a lot in conformance with the other requirements and standards of this chapter and where, in addition, satisfactory assurance for dedication of the remaining part of the public street can be obtained.
[Amended 12-15-2014 by Ord. No. 424-14]
B. 
The developer shall provide the entire required right-of-way, or as much thereof as lies within his property, along all existing public streets which traverse or abut his property.

§ 400-34 Street widths.

A. 
Minimum street right-of-way, cartway, and pavement widths shall be as shown on the official plans or Comprehensive Plan or, if not shown on such plans, shall be as follows:
Public Street Type
Required Width (in feet) with Curbs
Minor street:
Right-of-way
50
Cartway
28
Collector street:
Right-of-way
60
Cartway
36
Major street:
Right-of-way
See Note (a)
Cartway
See Note (b)
Permanent cul-de-sac street:
Right-of-way
50
Cartway
30
Marginal access street:
Right-of-way
See Note (b)
Cartway
24
NOTES:
(a)
As specified in the official plans or Comprehensive Plan, or as determined after consulting with the Township, the County Planning Commission, and the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.
(b)
Variable, depending on use requirements.
Additional right-of-way and cartway widths may be required by the Township Planning Commission for the purpose of promoting the public safety and convenience or to provide parking in commercial and industrial areas and in areas of high-density residential development.
B. 
All streets intended to be dedicated shall be paved in accordance with Township regulations. (See Chapter A490.)
[Amended 6-2-2014 by Ord. No. 422-14]

§ 400-35 Street grades.

A. 
On public streets, there shall be a minimum center-line grade of 3/4%.
B. 
Center-line grades shall not exceed the following:
(1) 
Minor street: 7%.
(2) 
Collector street: 6%.
(3) 
Major street: 6%.
(4) 
Street intersection: 5%.

§ 400-36 Horizontal curves.

A. 
Whenever public street lines are deflected in excess of 5°, connections shall be made by horizontal curves.
B. 
To ensure adequate sight distance, minimum center-line radii for horizontal curves shall be as follows:
(1) 
Minor streets: 150 feet.
(2) 
Collector streets: 300 feet.
(3) 
Major streets: 500 feet.
C. 
A tangent of at least 100 feet shall be introduced between all horizontal curves on collector and major public streets.

§ 400-37 Vertical curves.

At all changes of public street grades where the algebraic difference exceeds 1%, vertical curves shall be provided to permit the following minimum sight distances:
A. 
Minor streets: 200 feet.
B. 
Collector streets: 300 feet.
C. 
Major streets: 400 feet.

§ 400-38 Intersections.

A. 
Public streets shall intersect as nearly as possible at right angles but in no event at less than an angle of 60%.
B. 
No more than two streets shall intersect at the same point.
C. 
A public street intersecting another street shall either intersect directly opposite to it or shall be separated by at least 150 feet between center lines, measured along the center line of the street being intersected.
D. 
Intersections shall be approached on all sides by a straight leveling area, the grade of which shall not exceed 4% within 100 feet of the intersection of the nearest right-of-way lines.
E. 
Intersections with major public streets shall be located not less than 1,000 feet apart, measured from center line to center line, along the center line of the major public street.
F. 
Public street curb intersections shall be rounded by a tangent arc with a minimum radius of:
(1) 
Twenty feet for intersections involving only minor streets.
(2) 
Thirty feet for all intersections involving a collector street.
(3) 
Forty feet for all intersections involving a major street.
G. 
Public street right-of-way lines shall be parallel to (concentric with) curb arcs at intersections.
H. 
Street name signs shall be installed at all street intersections. The design and placement of such signs and the names of the streets shall be subject to the approval of the Township Board of Supervisors.

§ 400-39 Sight distance at intersections.

A. 
Clear sight triangles shall be provided at all public street intersections. Within such triangles, no vision-obstructing object shall be permitted which obscures vision above the height of 30 inches and below 10 feet measured from the center-line grade of intersecting public streets. Such triangles shall be established in accordance with PennDOT specifications.
[Amended 12-15-2014 by Ord. No. 424-14]
B. 
Wherever a portion of the line of such triangles occurs behind (i.e., from the street) the building reserve (setback) line, such portion shall be shown on the final plan of the development and shall be considered a building setback (reserve) line.

§ 400-40 Restriction of access.

A. 
Wherever a development abuts or contains an existing or proposed public street with an ultimate right-of-way of 60 feet or more, the Township Planning Commission shall require restrictions of access to the major street by:
(1) 
Provision of reverse frontage lots; or
(2) 
Provision of public service streets along the rear of the abutting lots, together with prohibition of private driveways intersecting the major streets; or
(3) 
Provision of public marginal streets, provided that the reserve strips establishing such marginal access streets shall be definitely placed within the jurisdiction of the Township under an agreement meeting the approval of the Township. Except as specified above, reserve strips shall be prohibited.
B. 
Dead-end public streets are prohibited unless designed as cul-de-sac streets or designed for future access to adjoining properties.
C. 
Any public street dead-ended for access to an adjoining property or because of authorized stage development shall be provided with a temporary, all-weather turnaround within the development, and the use of such turnaround shall be guaranteed to the public until such time as the public street is extended.
D. 
Unless future extension is clearly impractical or undesirable, the turnaround right-of-way shall be placed adjacent to the lot boundary line to permit extension of the street at full width.
[Amended 12-15-2014 by Ord. No. 424-14]
E. 
All cul-de-sac public streets, whether permanently or temporarily designed as such, shall be provided at the closed end with a fully paved turnaround. The minimum radius to the pavement edge or curbline shall be 50 feet, and the minimum radius of the right-of-way shall be 60 feet.
F. 
Drainage of cul-de-sac public streets shall preferably be towards the open end.
G. 
The center-line grade on a cul-de-sac public street shall not exceed 7%, and the grade of the diameter of the turnaround shall not exceed 4%.

§ 400-41 Curbs and sidewalks.

[Amended 8-19-2013 by Ord. No. 417-13]
Curbs and sidewalks shall be required on all streets.
A. 
Curbs shall be vertical type. Rolled curb-and-gutter type may be installed only upon the approval of the Board of Supervisors, except that rolled curbs shall not be used on streets whose grade exceeds 6% or on any collector or major streets. The transition from one type to another shall be made only at a street intersection, and adequate provision shall be made for driveway entrances.
B. 
Except along Lancaster Avenue and streets within the Village of Berwyn Districts, sidewalks shall be a minimum of three feet in width on all streets. Where required, snow strips shall be three feet in width and shall be grassed.
C. 
On portions of Lancaster Avenue that are not located within the Village of Berwyn Zoning Districts, sidewalks shall be a minimum of four feet in width. Where required, snow strips shall be five feet in width and shall be grassed. Sidewalk dimensions and design shall conform with PennDOT and other applicable state and federal standards.
D. 
Sidewalks on streets within the Village of Berwyn Districts shall be designed according to Chapter 274, Natural Resources Protection, Article XII, Village of Berwyn Streetscape Design Standards.
E. 
Curbs and sidewalks shall be designed and constructed as specified in Chapter A490. Should there be a conflict, the more stringent requirements shall govern and control.
[Added 6-2-2014 by Ord. No. 422-14]

§ 400-42 Street names.

A. 
Proposed public streets which are obviously in alignment with others already existing and named shall bear the names of the existing streets.
B. 
In no case shall the name of a proposed street duplicate an existing public street name in the Township or in the postal district, irrespective of the use of the suffix "street," "road," "avenue," "boulevard," "drive," etc.
C. 
All public street names shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Supervisors upon recommendation of the Planning Commission.

§ 400-43 Block layout.

The lengths, width and shape of blocks shall be determined with due regard to provision of adequate sites for buildings of the type proposed, zoning requirements, topography, and requirements for safe and convenient vehicular and pedestrian circulation, including the reduction of intersections with major public streets.

§ 400-44 Length of blocks.

A. 
Blocks shall have a minimum length of 600 feet.
B. 
In the design of blocks longer than 1,000 feet, special consideration shall be given to the requirements of satisfactory fire protection and pedestrian access.
C. 
Where practicable, blocks along major and collector streets shall not be less than 1,000 feet long.

§ 400-45 Crosswalks.

A. 
Crosswalks may be required wherever necessary to facilitate pedestrian circulation and to give access to community facilities as well as in blocks of over 1,000 feet in length.
B. 
Such crosswalks shall have a width of not less than 10 feet and a paved walk of not less than three feet.

§ 400-46 Depth of blocks.

Residential blocks shall be of sufficient depth to accommodate two tiers of lots, except where reverse frontage lots are required along a major public street, or where prevented by the size, topographical conditions or other inherent conditions of property, in which case the Township Planning Commission may approve a single tier of lots.

§ 400-47 Commercial and industrial blocks.

Blocks in commercial and industrial areas may vary from the elements of design detailed in § 400-46 if required by the nature of the use. In all cases, however, adequate provision shall be made for off-street parking and loading areas as well as for traffic circulation and parking for employees and customers.

§ 400-48 General standards for lots and parcels.

A. 
The size, shape and orientation of lots shall be appropriate for the type of development and use contemplated.
B. 
Insofar as practical, side lot lines shall be at right angles to straight public street lines or radial to curved public street lines.
C. 
Wherever feasible, lot lines shall follow Township boundaries rather than cross them, in order to avoid jurisdictional problems.
D. 
Depth and width of parcels intended for nonresidential uses shall be adequate for the use proposed and sufficient to provide satisfactory space for on-site parking, loading and unloading, setbacks, landscaping, etc.
E. 
If, after subdividing, there exist substandard remnants of land, they shall be either incorporated in existing or proposed lots or legally dedicated to public use, if acceptable to the Township.

§ 400-49 Lot frontage.

A. 
All lots shall have direct access to a public street or to a private street and shall have a minimum frontage at the street right-of-way line of at least 50 feet (except flag lots, which shall have a minimum width of 35 feet where the flag lot access strip meets the street), unless otherwise provided by the applicable zoning district regulation.
[Amended 8-17-1998 by Ord. No. 317-98]
B. 
Double or reverse frontage lots shall be avoided except where required to provide separation of residential development from major public streets or to overcome specific disadvantages of topography or orientation.
C. 
All residential reverse frontage lots shall have a rear yard with a minimum depth of 60 feet, measured in the shortest distance, from the proposed dwelling unit to the ultimate right-of-way and shall, within such rear yard and immediately adjacent to the right-of-way, have a planting screen easement of at least 10 feet in width, across which there shall be no right of access.

§ 400-50 Building setback lines.

A. 
The minimum building setback line shall be in accordance with Chapter 455, Zoning, of the Code of Easttown Township.
B. 
On any lot abutting a railroad, no dwelling shall be placed within 75 feet of the nearest existing track, nor within 25 feet of any portion of the right-of-way line.

§ 400-51 Driveways.

Driveways constructed within street rights-of-way shall be subject to the Easttown Township rules and regulations of Chapter 177, Driveways, as it may be amended from time to time, and to the following:
A. 
Private driveways on corner lots shall be located at least 40 feet from the point of intersection of the nearest street right-of-way lines.
B. 
In order to provide a safe and convenient means of access, grades on private driveways should not exceed 10%. In addition, driveways shall be paved where grades exceed 7%.
C. 
In order to provide safe and convenient ingress and egress, private driveway entrances should be rounded at a minimum radius of five feet or should have a flare constructed that is equivalent to this radius at the point of intersection with the cartway edge (curbline).

§ 400-52 Lot size.

Lot dimensions and areas shall not be less than specified by the provisions of Chapter 455, Zoning, for the area in which the development is located.

§ 400-53 Sanitary sewage disposal and water supply systems.

A. 
The developer shall provide a sanitary sewage disposal facility consistent with existing physical, geographical and geological conditions and in conformance with all applicable Township ordinances and state, county and federal regulations.
[Amended 6-2-2014 by Ord. No. 422-14]
B. 
Wherever approval by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection or by the federal government is required for the water supply or sanitary sewage disposal system(s) for a proposed development, the Planning Commission shall require that a copy of such approval certification be submitted with both preliminary and final plans. Where a package plant is contemplated, such system or systems shall be demonstrated to be fully operable before any certificate of occupancy is granted.
C. 
All new or replacement sanitary sewer facilities and private package sewage treatment plants (including all pumping stations and collector systems located in flood-prone areas as defined in Chapter 455, Zoning) shall be designed to prevent discharges from the systems into floodwaters. All new or replacement water facilities and sanitary sewer facilities and private package sewage treatment plants (including pumping stations and collector systems located in flood-prone areas as defined in Chapter 455, Zoning) shall be designed to minimize or eliminate infiltration of floodwaters into the system and shall be located and constructed to minimize or eliminate flood damage and impairment.
[Added 2-16-1981 by Ord. No. 170-81]
D. 
All public sanitary sewer systems shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the latest version of the Standard Specifications for Construction of Sanitary Sewers and Appurtenances, as adopted by the Easttown Municipal Authority.
[Added 6-2-2014 by Ord. No. 422-14]

§ 400-54 Water supply.

A. 
Wherever an existing public or approved community water system is geographically and economically accessible to a proposed development, a distribution system shall be designed to furnish an adequate supply of water to each lot, with adequate main sizes and fire hydrant locations to meet the specifications of the Insurance Services Office (ISO). A copy of the approval of such system by the appropriate public agency or utility company shall be submitted with the final plan. Suitable agreements shall also be established for the ownership and maintenance of such distribution system.
[Amended 6-2-2014 by Ord. No. 422-14]
B. 
Where individual on-site water supply system(s) are to be utilized, each lot so served shall be of a size and shape to allow safe location of such a system.
C. 
Where individual on-site water supply system(s) are to be utilized, it is required that the developer provide at least one test well for each 10 lots or fraction thereof. Such wells should be drilled, double-cased, grout-sealed into bedrock, at least 50 feet deep, and shall have a reliable yield of at least five gallons per minute, based on a twenty-four-hour pump test of potable drinking water, as certified by a state or county health officer and in accordance with the Township regulations. The developer shall submit evidence of county approval before any certificate of occupancy is issued.

§ 400-55 Stormwater management.

[Amended 9-17-1990 by Ord. No. 235-90; 12-15-2014 by Ord. No. 424-14]
For any subdivision an/or land development application proposing new development, earth disturbance of any type or creation of a new building lot, stormwater management shall be provided in accordance with Chapter 388 and Appendix Ch. A490 of this Code.

§ 400-56 (Reserved) [1]

[1]
Editor's Note: Former § 400-56, Erosion and sediment control, as amended, was repealed 12-15-2014 by Ord. No. 424-14.

§ 400-57 (Reserved) [1]

[1]
Editor's Note: Former § 400-57, Stormwater management in Darby, Crum Creek and Cobbs Creek Watersheds, added 4-4-2005 by Ord. No. 359-05, as amended, was repealed 12-15-2014 by Ord. No. 424-14.

§ 400-58 Public facilities.

[Amended 9-17-1990 by Ord. No. 235-90]
A. 
In reviewing subdivision and land development plans, the Planning Commission shall consider the adequacy of the community facilities identified in § 400-25B of this chapter to serve the needs of the additional users proposed by the development and shall recommend to the Supervisors those minimum facilities which shall be required to be provided by the developer as a condition to plan approval.
B. 
Every subdivider or land developer shall be required to reserve areas of land within the proposed development for support facilities which can be reasonably anticipated as necessary to serve the development, including but not limited to parks, playgrounds, open space, recreational equipment, parking facilities and any other facility proposed to be used in common by the residents or occupiers of the development.
C. 
In subdivisions or land developments of 10 or more residential units, where the open space regulations of § 400-62 do not apply, the Supervisors shall require that adequate open space and recreational facilities and equipment be provided and reserved on the development site, unless the Supervisors approve a fee in lieu of such reservation as an alternative to compliance with the following minimum standards:
Number of Units
Minimum Playground and Neighborhood Park Acreage to be Recommended
10 to 49
2.0
50 to 174
3.0
175 to 374
5.5
375 to 624
6.5
625 to 800
8.0
For each additional 175
1.5

§ 400-59 Community assets.

[Amended 9-17-1990 by Ord. No. 235-90]
A. 
All significant natural and man-made site features as identified on the conservation plan, including without limitation large trees, water sources, wetlands, steep or wooded slopes, historic areas and structures, views and similar community assets, which, if preserved, will add attractiveness and value to the subdivision or land development, shall be preserved.
B. 
Whenever such site features may be more effectively preserved by the subdivision or land development of tracts in accordance with the lot averaging or clustering provisions contained in Chapter 455, Zoning, which may otherwise be applicable thereto, the developer shall give full consideration to development in accordance with those provisions.

§ 400-60 Utility and drainage easements.

A. 
Where easements are required, they shall be a minimum width of 20 feet. No structures shall be placed within such easements.
B. 
To the fullest extent possible, easements shall be centered on or adjacent to rear or side lot lines.
C. 
There shall be a minimum distance of 50 feet, measured in the shortest distance, between any proposed dwelling unit and any petroleum products or natural gas transmission line which traverses the subdivision.

§ 400-61 Utilities located within flood-prone areas.

[Added 2-16-1981 by Ord. No. 170-81]
All utilities, such as gaslines, electrical and telephone systems, and water supply and sanitary sewage systems, being placed in flood-prone areas as defined in Chapter 455, Zoning, should be located, elevated (where possible) and constructed to minimize the chance of impairment during a flooding occurrence.

§ 400-62 Park, open space and recreation facilities.

[Added 9-17-1990 by Ord. No. 235-90]
Where Chapter 455, Zoning, requires the establishment and setting aside of open space, all land designated for such purpose shall comply with the following minimum criteria and standards:
A. 
Such land shall be suitable for both active and passive recreational uses as required by this chapter, Chapter 455, Zoning, or as determined necessary by the Supervisors upon recommendation of the Planning Commission, without interfering with adjacent dwelling units, parking, driveways and roads.
B. 
Active recreational uses shall include, but are not necessarily limited to, play fields, ball fields, tennis and racquetball courts, basketball courts, fitness trails, picnic areas, recreational buildings and similar features. The minimum areas required for active recreational open space use, which shall be comprised of ground suitable for development and construction of such uses thereon, shall be adequate to serve the proposed development, but at a minimum shall comprise and be provided for in an area equal to at least 25% of the required open space.
C. 
No more than 40% of the required open space shall be comprised of areas within the Flood Hazard District, any area with slopes in excess of 20%, any area comprised of chewacla, weahadkee, or worsham soils, any area subject to existing or proposed utility easements, any wetlands or other environmentally sensitive lands, and any area devoted to parking or vehicular circulation.
D. 
Open space shall be interconnected with common areas on abutting parcels wherever possible, including provisions for pedestrian pathways for general public use to create a linked pathway system within the Township. Recreation areas shall be accessible to all dwelling areas within a development, either by abutting thereon or over easements expressly dedicated for that purpose, and shall be accessible by one or more public streets.
E. 
Open space shall be provided with sufficient parking when determined reasonably necessary by the Supervisors, upon recommendation of the Planning Commission, for the residents safe and convenient access, use, and enjoyment thereof, and with safe and convenient access by adjoining street frontage or other rights-of-way or easements capable of accommodating pedestrian, bicycle, maintenance and vehicle traffic, and containing customary and appropriate access improvement; provided, however, no minimum parking area required by any provision of Chapter 455, Zoning, or by this chapter shall be located in the open space.
F. 
No buildings or structures, except those related to recreational uses, shall be constructed or located in open space.
G. 
Open space areas shall be suitably landscaped either by retaining existing natural cover and wooded areas and/or by a landscaping plan designed to enhance recreational areas by utilization of plantings which are consistent with the purposes of this section and which minimize maintenance costs. Open space shall be comprised of areas not less than 150 feet in width; provided, however, open space may be connected by a trail system or pathway network less than 150 feet in width, but such areas shall not be counted as part of the required minimum open space.
H. 
Open space shall be made subject to such declarations, restrictions and covenants complying with § 400-28 of this chapter as required by the Supervisors, for the purpose of preservation, maintenance and improvement of the open space and recreational facilities, which shall be recorded in the office of the Recorder of Deeds of Chester County, Pennsylvania, contemporaneously with recordation of the final plan.

§ 400-63 Dedication of open space and recreational facilities.

[Added 9-17-1990 by Ord. No. 235-90]
A. 
Whenever any provision of this chapter or Chapter 455, Zoning, requires reservation of land for parks, playgrounds, and/or recreational facilities, the Supervisors may require the public dedication of land by the developer for that purpose, the payment of fees in lieu thereof or the private reservation of land for such purpose, or any combination thereof in accordance with the formally adopted Easttown Township Recreation Plan. In such instance, required park and recreational facilities shall be in accordance with principles and standards as otherwise provided for in this chapter.
B. 
The amount of any fee in lieu of the dedication or reservation of land and provision for recreational facilities shall be fixed from time to time by the Supervisors in a resolution designated for that purpose. All fees so collected shall, upon their receipt by the Township, be deposited in the Easttown Township Park, Open Space and Recreation Reserve Fund, which shall be an interest-bearing account. Such fees shall be expended only for the provision, acquisition, operation or maintenance of land or recreational facilities within Easttown Township at such locations as shall be selected by the Supervisors for the establishment, enlargement, or improvement of community or neighborhood parks and recreational facilities reasonably accessible to the subdivision or land development for which such fees have been paid.
[Amended 12-15-2014 by Ord. No. 424-14]
C. 
Upon request of the developer who has paid such fees, the Township shall refund such fee, plus interest accumulated thereon from the date of payment, if the Township has used the fees so paid for a purpose other than a purpose permitted by this section or by law, unless the developer specifically waives in writing the requirement that such fees be for limited purposes or waives in writing the requirement that such fees be repaid.
[Amended 12-15-2014 by Ord. No. 424-14]