Village of Cornwall-On-Hudson, NY
Orange County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Cornwall-on-Hudson as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Building construction — See Ch. 58.
Environmental quality review — See Ch. 74.
Fire prevention — See Ch. 80.
Flood damage control — See Ch. 83.
Sewers — See Ch. 126.
Streets and sidewalks — See Ch. 135.
Subdivision of land — See Ch. 139.
[Adopted 1-28-1980]
The quality of the water supply shall meet accepted standards of purity.
[Amended 8-27-1986 by L.L. No. 1-1986]
A. 
The water supply the Village of Cornwall-on-Hudson shall be distributed through a piping system entirely independent of any piping system conveying another water supply.
B. 
Extensions to the distribution system.
(1) 
In all subdivisions seeking a supply of water from the Village of Cornwall-on-Hudson, the distribution system within the subdivision must be designed so as to provide maximum opportunity for improving distribution within the area and for accommodating reasonably foreseeable expansion requirements. Adequate provision must be made for future system extensions, and the mains must be properly sized to accommodate foreseeable needs.
(2) 
All plans and specifications for the water system, main and appurtenances must be approved by the Village Water Department.
(3) 
An irrevocable offer of dedication and bargain and sale deeds for all water mains, appurtenances and easements must be provided and approved as to their form by the Village Attorney.
(4) 
The village may provide water during construction and for testing purposes during the construction process. However, no water shall be supplied to homes or units constructed within a subdivision or an extension district unless and until the entire system has been accepted by the Village Board of Trustees.
(5) 
All application and/or connection fees must be paid prior to acceptance of the system by the village.
All permits will be given upon the express condition that the Board of Trustees may, at any time before the work is completed, revoke and annul the same, if deemed for the best interests of the village.
A. 
Notice must be given to the Superintendent of Water when any plumbing is ready for inspection, and the plumber doing the work shall furnish all of the necessary assistance or appliances therefor.
B. 
The plumber shall remove or repair any defective material or labor when so ordered by the Superintendent of Water.
C. 
Under no circumstances can any plumber, or any of his employees doing the work of plumbing, act as the agent or representative of the Water Superintendent.
A. 
All water used on any premises or for any purpose whatever shall be metered. No bypass or connection shall be made or maintained unless covered by a meter. Only meters which have been furnished or approved by the village shall be installed. The Village Water Superintendent shall determine the type and size of meter in each instance.
[Added 11-28-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983[1]]
[1]
Editor's Note: This local law also provided for the redesignation of former Subsections A through I to become Subsections B through J.
B. 
The meter(s) shall be installed within the building to be served as close as practical to the point where the service pipe enters the building by an outside wall and shall be set with the inlet and outlet in a horizontal line with the register on top and shall be located so as to be readily accessible at all times for reading, inspection and repair. Stop valves shall be provided on both inlet and outlet sides of the meter.
C. 
In the event of a discrepancy between the water consumption as indicated by the remote reading device and the water consumption as measured by the water meter, the water consumption as measured by the water meter shall be controlling.
[Amended 11-28-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983[2]]
[2]
Editor's Note: This local law also provided for the redesignation of former Subsections A through I to becomes Subsections B through J.
D. 
Outside meter pits may be installed in special cases on written approval of the Village Water Superintendent. Such meter pits must be installed in accordance with village specifications and at the expense of the property owner.
E. 
Provision shall be made to prevent hot water from entering the meter. No tee or other fitting through which water may be drawn shall be used or placed between the main and the meter. The Superintendent or agent may, at any reasonable time, enter upon the premises for the purpose of inspecting pipes, reading or checking the water meter and shall discontinue the supply of water when the customer has failed to comply with Water Department Rules and Regulations or for nonpayment of water bills.
F. 
All meters supplied by the Village of Cornwall-on-Hudson shall remain the property of the village. All meters furnished by the village will be tested before being set. Meters furnished by other parties will not be recognized unless they have been first tested by the Water Department and a special permit has been given to set the same.
[Amended 11-28-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983[3]]
[3]
Editor's Note: This local law also provided for the redesignation of former Subsections A through I to become Subsections B through J.
G. 
Plumbers, after completing the work of introducing the water in a property and testing the pipes and fixtures, shall turn the water off at the curb stop until a meter has been set on the service.
H. 
If the meter is not placed in an accessible place, the water will be turned off by the Water Department and will be turned on at the owner's expense when the meter is reset in an accessible position. There shall be no tampering with water meters nor breaking meter seals, the affect of which is to slow, stop or alter the reading of a water meter.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
I. 
At the request of a consumer, the Water Department will test the meter supplying the property of said consumer. If the meter, upon testing, is found to be registering over 3% more water than actually passes through it, no charge will be made for the test; otherwise, a current charge, established by the Board of Trustees and in effect at the time will be imposed upon the customer.
[Amended 11-28-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983[4]; 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
[4]
Editor's Note: This local law also provided for the redesignation of former Subsections A through I to become Subsections B through J.
J. 
When a meter is not working accurately, the customer will be billed by estimate. The charge will be made on the basis of the average of the consumer's bills for at least the past year for the first billing period that the meter is not working, and for each additional billing period that the meter is not working, the average of the consumer's bills for at least the past year for the corresponding billing period will be made.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
K. 
Meters one inch and larger. The village will supply, in accordance with § 165-7B, a water meter upon the initial introduction of water service. All testing, repairs and/or replacements of meters one inch or larger, shall be performed by the village at the expense of owner of the property served by such a meter. Charges for these items shall be deemed usage charges for purposes of this chapter and billed and paid in accordance with the village's billing schedule.
[Amended 11-28-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983[5]; 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
[5]
Editor's Note: This local law also provided for the redesignation of former Subsections A through I to become Subsections B through J.
L. 
All new construction begun or applications made for water service after the effective date of this chapter shall provide for each dwelling unit to be separately metered.
[Added 11-28-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983[6]]
[6]
Editor's Note: This local law also provided for the redesignation of former Subsections A through I to become Subsections B through J.
M. 
All water meters shall be periodically tested in accordance with the schedule of testing adopted by resolution of the Board of Trustees. All tests shall be conducted in accordance with applicable standards and the results certified to the Village of Cornwall-on-Hudson Water Department.
[Added 10-19-1992 by L.L. No. 9-1992; amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
A. 
The charges for village water shall be established by the Village Board.
B. 
The charges for customers outside the Village of Cornwall-on-Hudson shall be 80% higher than those charged within the village.
C. 
[1]The Board of Trustees may, by resolution, establish additional categories of charges or fees associated with the use of the village water system. These charges or fees shall be deemed usage charges for purposes of this chapter.
[Added 9-28-1987 by L.L. No. 2-1987]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection C, which provided for a minimum water charge to be for 5,000 gallons, was repealed 11-28-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983.
D. 
The owner of real property to which water service is provided is held responsible for all expenses, charges, fees, rents, fines, forfeitures or penalties which may accrue from or be imposed upon owners, tenants or occupants for water use, service or otherwise, and the same shall be a lien on the real property to which the water service was rendered. Collection of arrears may be enforced in the same manner and method as provided for the collection of the same in Article 11 of the Village Law.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
E. 
If the water usage charges are in arrears for 60 days, the Village Board may order the water service discontinued. Water service shall not be restored until water usage charges and any other charges in arrears have been paid, including a restoration of service charge of $25.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
F. 
Where branches already exist and are not provided with stopcocks, in case of default in payment of water charges by anyone, the main service may be discontinued until the arrears are paid, and the Department shall not be liable for damages from any other consumer who may thus be deprived of water.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
G. 
Owners of approved, unmetered fire hydrants shall be charged an annual fee which shall be established by the Village Board of Trustees.
[Amended 11-23-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983]
H. 
Owners of real property located outside the corporate limits of the Village of Cornwall-on-Hudson shall, as a condition of receiving water service, execute a license agreement provided by the village, granting a lien to the village on the real property to secure the payment of any indebtedness for unpaid water charges. The necessary costs of preparing and filing this agreement shall be chargeable to the property owner.
[Added 11-28-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983; amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
I. 
All legal fees and expenses incurred by the village to collect frequent water charges or to enforce the provision of this chapter shall constitute added water charges and shall be paid by the owner of property in the same manner as other usage charges.
[Added 11-28-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983; amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
A. 
Connection fees to obtain water service shall be established by resolution of the Board of Trustees.
[Amended 1-28-1985 by L.L. No. 2-1985]
B. 
The fee for obtaining water service will include the following equipment, all supplied by the village:
(1) 
Three quarter-inch to two-inch: corporation stop, 25 feet of Type K copper tubing, curb stop, curb box and one water meter with remote reader system. This will be furnished on the first connection only. The village will provide additional meters on one service line upon payment of the fees for additional meters established by resolution of the Board of Trustees.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
(2) 
Four-inch to ten-inch tapping sleeve, tapping valve, valve box, one length of ductile-iron water main and water meter, when these sizes are used as service supply lines. This will be furnished on the first connection only.
C. 
After the costs of obtaining water service are met, the balance of the fee shall be placed in the Water Department's capital improvement fund.
D. 
In the event that a water service is not used for a period of 10 years, a new connection fee will have to be paid before any water service can be introduced.
[Amended 11-28-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983]
E. 
At the time of reintroduction, all service lines will be installed as stated in the Water Rules and Regulations.
A. 
No one, except the Village Water Department, shall tap or cause to be tapped any water main, either private or village-owned, through which village water is to be delivered to the customers.
B. 
No one may connect a private service line to any other private service line.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
C. 
No tap or connection to any house service will be made until an application for water connection or tap is obtained and approved by the Village Water Department and the connection fee is paid.
D. 
One tap and only one tap shall be made for each service line. Multiple taps will not be made. Excavation for tapping mains shall be at least 48 inches by 72 inches and 12 inches below the water main. Notification will be made to the Water Department at least two workdays in advance prior to the start of any excavation to tap.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
E. 
(Reserved)[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection K, requiring curb boxes to be maintained at grade level, was repealed 4-17-1989 by L.L. No. 2-1989.
F. 
In the event that the property line is over 25 feet from the corporation stop, the Water Superintendent may require a curb stop and curb box to be installed immediately after the corporation stop in addition to the curb box and curb stop at the property line.
G. 
(Reserved)[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection G, requiring curb boxes to be maintained in good working order, was repealed 4-17-1989 by L.L. No. 2-1989.
A. 
A "service line" will be defined as having an inside diameter of four inches or less.
B. 
No street or public place shall be opened by any person for the purpose of making a connection with the main or for the laying of water pipes or fixtures unless permission shall have been granted by the authority having jurisdiction therein. The Village Water Department must have two workday's notice prior to the start of any work.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
C. 
Whenever any street or public place shall have been opened for the purpose of making a connection with the mains or for laying of water pipes or fixtures, the applicant shall have proper regard for public safety and convenience and shall notify the appropriate authorities of the excavation work. The backfill must be inspected, approved and completed so that the street or place may be restored to its original condition. Excavations shall be guarded with barricades and sufficient warning lights shall be displayed at night by the applicant. The street must be kept open to traffic during construction.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
D. 
Service lines shall be laid at least 4 1/2 feet below the surface of the ground at all points, protected from frost or damage, at the owner's risk and expense. When the proper cover is not possible, the pipe will be insulated in accordance with the requirements of the Water Superintendent to protect from frost.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
E. 
Each service line shall supply water to one and only one residence or building.
F. 
Service lines from the main to the meter, up to and including two inches in diameter, shall be of pure, seamless soft-tempered copper tubing with bronze fittings. Tubing shall be Type K, not less than 3/4 of an inch and the following thickness:
Nominal Pipe Size
(inches)
Outside Diameter
(inches)
3/4
7/8
1
1 1/8
1 1/4
1 3/8
1 1/2
1 5/8
2
2 1/8
G. 
Fire service lines must have a minimum inside diameter of six inches. Installation and maintenance of such lines must conform to the New York State Fire Prevention Code and the Village of Cornwall-on-Hudson's specifications. The installation of hydrants and fire lines must conform to the Village of Cornwall-on-Hudson's specifications. Installation and maintenance of fire lines and appurtenances shall be at the sole cost and expense of the owner.
[Added 11-28-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983]
H. 
Owners of approved unmetered fire lines shall be charged an annual fee, which shall be established by the Village Board of Trustees.
[Added 11-28-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983]
A. 
Corporation stops shall be tapped on the side of the water main except in special circumstances. The service line shall be looped for settlement and movement.
B. 
Service lines greater than two inches in diameter shall consist of ductile-iron, mechanical-joint, cement-lined pipe connected to the main by a tapping sleeve and valve. The ductile-iron pipe must meet the same specifications as transmission-line piping.
C. 
All service lines, curb boxes and curb stops shall be installed by and at the expense of the property owner. The property owner will establish by survey, the location of the property line and the public right-of-way. The curb box and curb stop will be installed within the public right-of-way in close proximity to the property.
[Amended 4-17-1989 by L.L. No. 2-1989; 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
A. 
All materials from the trench excavation shall be loaded and removed from the site and backfilled with a select material, maximum stone size shall not exceed one inch. The material shall be placed manually to one foot above the pipes, and the trench shall be mechanically tamped in two-foot layers.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
B. 
Excavated material may be used to backfill the trench only upon approval of the Village Water Superintendent.
C. 
(Reserved)[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection C, requiring owner to repair leaks from the curb stop to the building, was repealed 4-17-1989 by L.L. No. 2-1989.
D. 
(Reserved)[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection D, requiring the village to repair leaks from the corporation stop to the curb stop, as amended, was repealed 4-17-1989 by L.L. No. 2-1989.
E. 
No service line shall exceed 70 feet in length under a public street.
F. 
Service lines under heavily traveled streets will be sleeved at the time of installation as determined by the Water Superintendent.
G. 
Trenching and excavation in public roadways must be done in accordance with the specifications of the governmental authority having jurisdiction over the roadway. The Village of Cornwall-on-Hudson shall be named as an additional insured on any insurance or bond required for excavation performed outside of the village corporate limits.
[Added 11-28-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983]
[Amended 11-28-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983; 4-17-1989 by L.L. No. 2-1989]
A. 
The village shall be responsible for maintenance and repair of the curb stop, curb box and that portion of the service line lying in the public right-of-way.
B. 
The owner of property shall maintain in perfect order, at his own cost and expense, the entire service line from the public right-of-way to the building. Notwithstanding the foregoing in those cases where a curb stop exists in the public right-of-way, the property owner shall be responsible for repairs and maintenance of that portion of the service line between the boundary line of the public right-of-way and the curb stop.
C. 
All leaks in that portion of the service line which the property owner must maintain and repair shall be repaired by the owner of the property at the owner's sole expense. Failure to repair such leaks within 24 hours after written notice shall subject the property owner to discontinuance of water service until said repair is made. The village shall have the right and authority to enter upon the property and make the necessary repairs and charge the cost of such repairs to the owner of the property. Such costs, if unpaid, shall be collected in the manner set forth in § 165-6D.
D. 
In the event that a water service line freezes, the village shall, after notice, undertake thawing of said line. The cost of thawing the service line shall be borne equally by the property owner and the village.
Whenever the static pressure exceeds 100 pounds per square inch at the point of entry of the service line into the building, a pressure-reducing device will be installed so that the pressure in the building is a maximum of 55 pounds per square inch. This section shall be mandatory for all new service line installations or service line replacements.
A. 
No main lines or branch lines for water supply shall be constructed within the service area of the village water system without complete plans being presented with an application to the Village Water Department for inspection and approval. No work shall proceed without this approval.
B. 
Mains shall be constructed with proper blowoff valves and shall be so constructed as to eliminate dead ends. Mains shall be constructed of push-on-joint, cement-lined ductile iron pipe.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
C. 
Six-inch pipe will be the minimum size acceptable on runs up to 500 feet total length over 500 feet long. Lines will be a minimum of eight inches.
A. 
Water mains.
(1) 
When water mains and sewer mains are parallel, there shall be a minimum horizontal distance of 10 feet.
(2) 
When water mains pass under sewer mains, a minimum of 18 inches vertical separation shall be maintained.
B. 
Water service lines.
(1) 
When water service lines are parallel to sewer mains or laterals there shall be a minimum horizontal distance of 10 feet.
(2) 
When water service lines pass under sewer mains or laterals, a minimum of 18 inches vertical separation shall be maintained.
A. 
The transmission line shall be American Water Works Association Specification cement-lined with bituminous coat and bituminous outer coat, ASA-A-21.55 Class 52, Ductile Iron. Joints shall be rubber O-ring (Tyton or equal) mechanical-joint type. Fittings shall be Class 350 Ductile Iron, AWWA STD C-153, cement-lined, mechanical joint. Valves shall be Mueller brand and shall open counterclockwise.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
B. 
The pipe shall be laid directly upon the trench bottom which has been hand trimmed to provide the pipe with a full-length bearing, or the pipe may be supported by blocking, four blocks to a length, and fine earth or gravel compacted under the pipe. Where the bottom of the trench at subgrade is found to be unstable, the contractor shall remove unstable material to the width and depth ordered by the inspector. Before the pipe is laid, the subgrade shall be made by refilling with gravel or crushed stone in compacted layers and shall be thoroughly compacted so as to provide a uniform and continuous bearing and support for the pipe. Rock shall be excavated to a depth of six inches below subgrade and refilled with thoroughly compacted gravel. Concrete thrust blocking shall be provided at plugs, tees, bends and at other locations designated by the inspector.
C. 
For the purpose of electrical bonding, the contractor shall install serrated bronze wedges between the barrel and the bell of the pipe.
D. 
Pipe trenches shall be backfilled as soon as possible after inspection. Selected well graded material shall be used for backfilling under, adjacent to and for a depth of one foot above the pipe. This shall be thoroughly compacted into place mechanically. If there is a deficiency of suitable material for backfilling, the contractor shall furnish such suitable material from an outside source. The remainder of the trench, to a depth of four feet above the pipe, shall be backfilled and mechanically tamped with suitable material from the excavation. No boulders or rock pieces larger than one cubic foot in volume shall be used in backfilling the remainder of the trench. If suitable material is not available from the trench excavation, the contractor shall furnish such material from an outside source. At the end of each day's work, the pipe shall be sealed with a suitable pipe cap to prevent the entrance of foreign material into the pipeline. Disinfection shall be accomplished in accordance with the methods prescribed by AWWA Standard C-600, latest revised edition.
[Amended 11-28-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983]
E. 
The line shall be tested for pressure and leakage, in accordance with the method prescribed by AWWA Standard C-601, latest revised edition.
[Amended 11-28-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983]
F. 
The contractor shall furnish a maintenance bond in the sum of 10% of the contract price. The maintenance bond shall have a term of one year and shall ensure the owner against the failure of the contractor to meet the requirements of a one-year guaranty included under his contract work.
G. 
The contractor hereby guarantees all the work and equipment furnished under this contract against any defects in workmanship or material for a period of one year following the date of final acceptance of work by the village. Under this guaranty, the contractor agrees to make good, without delay, at his own expense, any failure of such parts due to faulty materials, construction or installation or the failure of such equipment to successfully perform all the work put upon it within the limits of the specifications and further shall make good any damage to any part of the work caused by such failure.
H. 
(Reserved)[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection H, which dealt with the installation of lead-tipped gaskets, was repealed 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995.
I. 
(Reserved)[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection I, which listed specifications for materials approved for water main installations, as amended, was repealed 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995.
A. 
In all places where steam boilers, heating systems or hot-water tanks are supplied with water from the water system, the owner or consumer must see that the plumber places a suitable safety valve, vacuum valve or other proper device to prevent damage from collapse or explosion when water is shut off.
B. 
Where the chance of a health hazard contamination of the water supply exists through backflow or back-siphonage, an American Water Works Association approved reduced-pressure backflow preventer will be installed. All of the plumbing work necessary will be at the property owner's expense.
C. 
The village shall not be liable for any damage resulting from sudden shutting off of the supply of water from any steam boiler or other fixture deriving its supply from the water system.
D. 
The village reserves the right to limit the amount of water furnished to any consumer should circumstances warrant such action, or the village may entirely shut off the water supply used for any manufacturing purpose, for furnishing power or for lawn sprinkling at any time by giving reasonable notice by publication, if possible, of such intended action, or in the case of making or constructing new work, or in making repairs or in an emergency, the right is reserved to shut off the water from any consumer without notice for as long a period as may be necessary.
E. 
The village shall not be liable for any damage or loss of any name or kind to property or persons which may arise from or be caused by any change, diminution in or increase of the water pressure from any cause whatever, or for the shutting off of water, or water-main breaks or service leaks.
F. 
Any air conditioner or cooling device using water in its operation shall make use of a cooling tower or some means of reusing the water.
G. 
The Water Superintendent is authorized to promulgate additional specifications for items not otherwise provided for herein.
[Added 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
A. 
Each hydrant shall have two two-and-one-half-inch hose connections and one four-and-one-half-inch steamer connection. Hydrants shall have mechanical joint shoe.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
B. 
Each hydrant shall be installed so that the hydrant is securely rodded to the valve and water main. Rods will be 5/8 inch threaded rod minimum.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
C. 
Hydrants shall be set so that the bury mark is at finished grade. In the event that extensions are needed, they will be of proper length to bring the hydrant to normal elevation.
D. 
A valve will set so that the hydrant may be shut off for repairs without shutting off any water main(s) or service line(s). The valve will be set 24 inches O.C./O.C. to the hydrant.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
E. 
Where curbing is going to be used at the edge of a roadway, the hydrant shall be set centered 36 inches from the face of the curb.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
F. 
Provisions will be made at the time of installation for the proper draining of the barrel when the hydrant is shut down.
[1]
Editor's Note: Former §§ 165-19 and 165-20, Reduced-pressure backflow preventer, and Double check-valve assembly, respectively, were repealed 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995.
[Added 3-10-1980]
In the event that a water service is not used for a period of 10 years because a building has not been present, a new connection fee will have to be paid before any water service can be introduced. At the time of reintroduction, all service lines will be installed as stated in the Water Rules and Regulations.
[Added 11-28-1983 by L.L. No. 4-1983]
All recipients of water service shall be deemed to have consented to the entry of village personnel onto the premises receiving water service for purposes of effecting a termination of water service by the physical disconnection of service lines in all cases where the service lines do not have individual shutoff valves or stopcocks.
[Added 10-16-1995 by L.L. No. 7-1995]
In addition to all other remedies provided for by law, the village may enforce compliance with this article by termination of water service and may refuse to restore water service until the property and/or customer is in full compliance with this article.
[Adopted 8-17-1998 by L.L. No. 4-1998]
A. 
The purpose of this article is to:
(1) 
Safeguard the public potable water supply served by the Village of Cornwall-on-Hudson Water Department from potential contamination by preventing backflow or back-siphonage from the water users' system into the public water system and to comply with the requirements of the New York State Sanitary Code, Title 10 of the New York Code of Rules and Regulations, Part 5, § 5-1.31.
(2) 
To promote the elimination or control of existing cross-connections, actual or potential, between its customers' in-plant potable water system and nonpotable systems.
(3) 
To provide for the maintenance of a continuing program of cross-connection control which will effectively prevent the contamination or pollution of all potable water systems by cross-connection.
B. 
This is to be accomplished by:
(1) 
Requiring an approved air gap, reduced pressure zone device, double-check valve assembly or an equivalent protective device consistent with the degree of hazard posed by any service connection;
(2) 
Requiring the users of such connections to submit plans for the installation of protective devices to the Water Superintendent and the Orange County Department of Health and/or New York State Department of Health for approval; and
(3) 
Assuring that all protective devices are tested at least annually, records of which will be submitted by the property owner to and maintained by the Water Superintendent.
As used in this article, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
AUXILIARY WATER SUPPLY
Any water supply on or available to the premises other than the purveyor's approved public potable water supply.
BACKFLOW
The flow of water or other liquids, mixtures or substances, under positive or reduced pressure, in the distribution pipes of a potable water supply from any source other than its intended source.
BACKFLOW PREVENTER
A device or means designed to prevent backflow or back-siphonage. Most commonly categorized as air gap, reduced pressure principle device, double-check valve assembly, pressure vacuum breaker, atmospheric vacuum breakers, hose bibb vacuum breaker, residential dual check, double check with intermediate atmospheric vent and a barometric loop.
BACKPRESSURE
A condition in which the owner's system pressure is greater than the supplier's system pressure.
BACK-SIPHONAGE
The flow of water or other liquids, mixtures or substances into the distribution pipes of a potable water supply system from any source other than its intended source caused by the sudden reduction of pressure in the potable water supply system.
CONTAINMENT
Cross-connection control resulting in the total isolation of a facility with a potential hazard from the public water supply.
[Added 1-25-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
CONTAMINANT
A substance that will impair the quality of the water to a degree that it creates a serious health hazard to the public leading to poisoning or the spread of disease.
[Amended 1-25-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
CROSS-CONNECTION
Any actual or potential connection between the public water supply and a source of contamination or pollution.
DEPARTMENT
Village of Cornwall-on-Hudson Water Department.
OWNER
Any person who has legal title to, or license to operate or habitate in, a property upon which a cross-connection inspection is to be made or upon which a cross-connection is present.
PERSON
Any individual, partnership, company, public or private corporation, political subdivision or agency of the State Department, agency or instrumentality or the United States or any other legal entity.
POLLUTANT
A foreign substance which, if permitted to get into the public water system, will degrade its quality so as to constitute a moderate hazard or impair the usefulness or quality of the water to a degree which does not create an actual hazard to the public health but which does adversely and unreasonably affect such water for domestic use.
WATER SERVICE ENTRANCE
That point in the owner's water system beyond the sanitary control of the District; generally considered being the outlet end of the water meter and always before any unprotected branch.
[Amended 1-25-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
WATER SUPERINTENDENT
The Superintendent or his delegated representative in charge of the Village of Cornwall-on-Hudson Department invested with the authority and responsibility for the implementation of a cross-connection control program and for the enforcement of the provisions of the law.
[Amended 1-25-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
A. 
Water Department.
(1) 
On new installations, the Department will provide on-site evaluation and/or inspection of plans in order to determine what type of backflow preventer, if any, will be required. In any case, a minimum of a dual-check valve will be required in any new construction.
[Amended 1-25-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
(2) 
Any preexisting system that does not contain a backflow prevention device shall be upgraded so as to comply with the current requirements of this article and of the New York State Department of Health and the Orange County Department of Health within 120 days following the service of notice by certified mail to install said device. This time period may be shortened by the Water Superintendent upon his determination that the degree of hazard involved requires prompter action. Failure or refusal or inability on the part of the customer to install said device or devices shall constitute a ground for discontinuing water service to the premises until such device or devices have been properly installed.
(3) 
The Department will not allow any potential cross-connection to exist unless the public water supply system is protected by an approved backflow preventer which will be regularly tested to ensure satisfactory operation.
(4) 
The Department shall inform the owner, by letter, of any failure to comply, by the time of the first reinspection. In the event that the owner fails to comply with the necessary correction by the time of the second reinspection, the Department will inform the owner, by letter, that the water service to the owner's premises will be terminated within a period not to exceed five days. In the event that the owner informs the Department of extenuating circumstances as to why the correction has not been made, a time extension may be granted by the Department, but in no case will it exceed an additional 30 days.
(5) 
If the Department determines at any time that a serious threat to the public health exists, the water service will be terminated immediately.
B. 
Owner.
(1) 
The owner shall be responsible for the elimination of or protection from all cross-connections on his premises.
[Amended 1-25-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
(2) 
The owner, after having been informed by a letter from the Department, shall, at his expense, install, maintain and test, or have tested, where applicable, any and all DCVA and RPZA devices on his premises.
[Amended 1-25-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
(3) 
The owner shall correct any malfunction of the backflow preventer which is revealed by periodic testing.
(4) 
The owner shall inform the Department of any proposed or modified cross-connections and also any existing cross-connections of which the owner is aware but has not been found by the Department.
(5) 
The owner shall not install a bypass around any backflow preventer unless there is a backflow preventer of the same type on the bypass. Owners who cannot shut down operation for testing of the device(s) must supply additional devices necessary to allow testing to take place.
(6) 
The owner shall install backflow preventers in a manner approved by the Department.
(7) 
The owner shall install only backflow preventers approved by the Department and/or the New York State Department of Health.
[Amended 1-25-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
(8) 
Any owner having a private well or other private water source may be required to install a backflow preventer at the service entrance if a private water source is maintained, even if it is not cross-connected to the Department's system.
(9) 
In the event that the owner installs plumbing to provide potable water for domestic purposes which is on the Department's side of the backflow preventer, such plumbing must have its own backflow preventer installed.
(10) 
The owner shall be responsible for the payment of all fees for annual testing, retesting in the case that the device fails to operate correctly and second reinspections for noncompliance with Department requirements.
C. 
Use of existing backflow devices. Any existing backflow preventer shall be allowed by the Department to continue in service unless the degree of hazard is such as to supersede the effectiveness of the present backflow preventer or result in an unreasonable risk to the public health. Where the degree of hazard has increased, the backflow prevention device shall be upgraded as required by the Superintendent to provide a suitable safeguard for the degree of hazard associated with the proposed use.
[Amended 1-25-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
A. 
Categories; rating system; regulation.
[Amended 1-25-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
(1) 
An acceptable backflow prevention device must be installed in every service connection to a facility. Three categories shall be considered when determining the degree of hazard posed by a facility and making the subsequent determination of the type of protection device required. The Department recognizes the threat to the public water system arising from cross-connections. All threats will be classified by degree of hazard and will require the installation of approved reduced pressure principle backflow prevention devices "reduce pressure zone assembly" (RPZA) or "double-check valve assembly (DCVA). They are:
(a) 
Use, toxicity and availability of contaminants within the premises.
(b) 
Availability of a supplementary supply of water.
(c) 
Fire-fighting system evaluation.
(2) 
Based on these considerations, the Water Superintendent shall rate a facility as hazardous, aesthetically objectionable or nonhazardous. A hazardous facility must be contained through the use of an RPZA or properly designed air gap.
(3) 
An aesthetically objectionable facility must be contained through the use of a DCVA.
(4) 
Nonhazardous facilities should be protected through an internal plumbing control program to ensure that plumbing cross-connections are adequately protected or eliminated.
B. 
The Water Superintendent or designee shall determine the type of device required for each property and facility. In making this determination, the Water Superintendent may utilize the Sample List of Facilities Requiring Backflow Prevention, prepared by the Department of Health and, if necessary, shall consult with the Orange County Department of Health.
C. 
Cross-connection control by facility type.
(1) 
Hazardous types of facilities which shall require installation of an approved reduce pressure zone assembly (RPZA) or air gap in the service connection to the public water distribution system include, but are not limited to:
[Amended 1-25-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
(a) 
Sewage and industrial wastewater treatment plants and pumping stations and sewer flushers.
(b) 
Paper manufacturing or processing, dye plants, petroleum processing, printing plant, chemical manufacturing or processing, industrial fluid systems, steam generation, rubber processing and tanneries.
(c) 
Canneries, breweries, food processing, milk processing, ice manufacturing, meat packers, poultry processing and rendering companies.
(d) 
Hospitals, clinics, laboratories, veterinary hospitals, mortuaries and embalmers.
(e) 
Metal plating, photo processing, laundries, commercial car washes, commercial refrigeration systems and dry-cleaning establishments.
(f) 
Commercial greenhouses, spraying and irrigation systems using weedicides, herbicides and exterminators.
(g) 
Boiler systems, cooling towers or internal fire-fighter systems using conditioners, inhibitors and corrosion control chemicals.
(h) 
Residential units with lawn and irrigation system with chemical injection.
(i) 
Residential units or facilities with service provided by both the village water distribution system and private well or water supply.
(2) 
Aesthetically objectionable types of facilities which shall require installation of an approved double-check valve in the service connection of the public water distribution system are those which include, but are not limited to:
(a) 
Customer fire protection loops and fire storage tanks with no chemical additives.
(b) 
High temperature potable water.
(c) 
Utilization for food grade dyes.
(d) 
Complex plumbing systems in commercial buildings, such as but not limited to beauty salons, churches, apartment buildings, gas stations, supermarkets, nursing homes, construction sites and carnivals.
(e) 
Residential units with lawn and irrigation systems.
(3) 
The above lists are not all-inclusive. The type of backflow prevention device required for each facility shall be determined by the Water Superintendent or designee as set forth above.
(4) 
Residential dual-check valves.
(a) 
Effective the date of the adoption of the cross-connection control program, all new residential buildings will be required to install a residential dual-check device immediately downstream of the water meter. Installation of this residential dual-check device on a retrofit basis on existing service lines will be instituted at a potential cost to the homeowner's expense.
[Amended 1-25-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
(b) 
The owner must be aware that installation of a residential dual-check valve results in a potential closed plumbing system within his residence. As such, provisions may have to be made by the owner to provide for thermal expansion within his closed loop system, i.e., the installation of thermal expansion devices and/or pressure relief valves.
(5) 
Strainers. The Department strongly recommends that all new retrofit installation of reduced pressure principle devices and double-check valve backflow preventers include the installation of strainers located immediately upstream of the backflow device, except on fire lines. The installation strainers will preclude the fouling of backflow devices due to both foreseen and unforeseen circumstances occurring to the water supply system, such as water main repairs, water main breaks, fires, periodic cleaning and flushing of mains, etc. These occurrences may "stir up" debris within the water main that will cause fouling of backflow devices installed without the benefit of strainers. No strainer is to be used on a fire line without the approval of the insurance underwriters having jurisdiction.
[Amended 1-25-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
A. 
The testing of backflow prevention devices shall be performed on an annual basis by the owner of any system requiring the same, and the cost of such testing shall be borne by the owner of the system. The testing procedures shall conform to the requirements of the New York State Department of Health and the Orange County Department of Health. Test results shall be submitted to the Water Superintendent within 30 days of the completion of such testing.
B. 
Any backflow preventer which fails during a periodic test will be repaired or replaced. When repairs are necessary, upon completion of the repair the device will be retested at the owner's expense to ensure correct operation. High-hazard situations will not be allowed to continue unprotected if the backflow preventer fails the test and cannot be repaired immediately. In other situations, a compliance date of not more than 30 days after the test date will be established. The owner is responsible for spare parts, repair tools or a replacement device. Parallel installation of two devices is an effective means of the owner ensuring that uninterrupted water service during testing or repair of devices and is strongly recommended when the owner desires such continuity.
C. 
Backflow prevention devices will be tested more frequently than specified above, in cases where there is a history of test failures and the Department feels that, due to the degree of hazard involved, additional testing is warranted. Cost of the additional testing will be borne by the owner.
A. 
The Water Superintendent shall enforce this article and the cross-connection and backflow protection requirements, specifications, guidelines and facilities' classifications of the New York State Department of Health and the Orange County Department of Health. Specifications, guidelines, facilities, classifications and other administrative requirements and information which shall be used to implement the requirements shall be on file in the Water Superintendent's office.
B. 
The Department will operate a Cross-Connection Control Program, or include the keeping of necessary records, which fulfills the requirements of the New York State Health Department's Cross-Connection Regulations.
C. 
The owner shall allow his property to be inspected for possible cross-connections and shall follow the provisions of the Department's program.
D. 
If the Department requires that the public supply be protected, the owner shall be responsible for water quality beyond the outlet end of the containment device and should utilize fixture outlet protection for that purpose.
[Amended 1-25-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
In addition, and not in lieu of any other penalty set forth in this chapter, any person who violates any provision of this article shall be subjected to a fine not to exceed $250 for each day the violation continues after notice by the Water Superintendent. In addition, the service of water to any premises may be discontinued by the village if backflow prevention devices required by this article or regulations adopted pursuant thereto are not installed, tested and maintained; if any defects are found in an installed backflow prevention device; if it is found that the backflow prevention device has been removed or bypassed; or if an unprotected cross-connection exists on the premises, and water service shall not be restored until such condition or defect is corrected.