[HISTORY: Section 15 of the Plainville Board of Health Regulations. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Floor drains in industrial and commercial facilities are often tied to a system leading to a leaching structure (e.g., dry well, cesspool, leach field) or a septic system; and
Poor management practices and accidental and/or intentional discharges may lead petroleum and other toxic or hazardous materials into these drainage systems in facilities managing these products; and
Improper maintenance or inappropriate use of these systems may allow the passage of contaminants or pollutants entering the drain to discharge from the leaching structure or septic system to the ground; and
Discharges of hazardous wastes and other pollutants to floor drains leading to leaching structures and septic systems have repeatedly threatened surface and ground water quality throughout Massachusetts; and
Surface and ground water resources in the Town of Plainville contribute to the Town's drinking water supplies;
The Town of Plainville Board of Health adopts the following regulation, under its authority as specified in § 602-2, as a preventative measure for the purposes of:
The Town of Plainville Board of Health adopts the following regulation pursuant to authorization granted by MGL c. 111, §§ 31 and 122. The regulation shall apply, as specified herein, to all applicable facilities, existing and new, within the Town of Plainville.
For the purposes of this regulation, the following words and phrases shall have the following meanings:
- COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL FACILITY
- A public or private establishment where the principal use is to supply, sale, and/or manufacture of services, products, or information, including but not limited to manufacturing, processing, or other industrial operations; service or retail establishments; printing or publishing establishments; research and development facilities; small or large quantity generators of hazardous waste; laboratories; and hospitals.
- The Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection.
- The accidental or intentional disposal, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, incineration, or placing of toxic or hazardous material or waste upon or into any land or water so that such hazardous water or any constituent thereof may enter the land or water of the commonwealth. "Discharge" includes, without limitation, leakage of such materials from failed or discarded containers or storage systems and disposal of such materials into any on-site leaching structure of sewage disposal system.
- FLOOR DRAIN
- An intended drainage point on a floor constructed to be otherwise impervious which serves as the point of entry into any subsurface drainage, treatment, disposal, containment, or other plumbing system.
- LEACHING STRUCTURE
- Any subsurface structure through which a fluid that is introduced will pass and enter the environment, including, but not limited to, drywells, leaching catch basins, cesspools, leach fields, and oil/water separators that are not watertight.
- OIL/WATER SEPARATOR
- A device designed and installed so as to separate and retain petroleum-based oil or grease, flammable wastes as well as sand and particles from normal wastes while permitting normal sewage or liquid wastes to discharge into the drainage system by gravity. Other common names for such systems include MDC traps, gasoline and sand traps, grit and oil separators, grease traps, and interceptors.
- TOXIC OR HAZARDOUS MATERIAL
- Any substance or mixture of physical, chemical, or infectious characteristics posing a significant, actual, or potential hazard to water supplies or other hazards to human health if such substance or mixture were discharged to land or water of the Town of Plainville. "Toxic or hazardous materials" include, without limitation, synthetic organic chemicals, petroleum products, heavy metals, radioactive or infectious wastes, acids and alkalis, and all substances defined as "toxic" or "hazardous" under MGL c. 21C and c. 21E or Massachusetts Hazardous Waste Regulations (310 CMR 30.000), and also include such products as solvents, thinners, and pesticides in quantities greater than normal household use.
- USE OF TOXIC OR HAZARDOUS MATERIAL
- The handling, generation, treatment, storage, or management of toxic or hazardous materials.
With the exception of discharges that have received (or have applied and will receive) a Department issued permit prior to the effective date of this regulation, no floor drain(s) shall be allowed to discharge, with or without pretreatment (such as an oil/water separator), to the ground, a leaching structure, or septic system in any industrial or commercial facility if such floor drain is located in either:
An industrial or commercial process area;
A petroleum, toxic, or hazardous materials, and/or waste storage area; or
The owner of a facility in operation prior to the effective date of this regulation with a prohibited, as defined under § 602-4, floor drain system shall:
Disconnect and plug all applicable inlets to and outlets from (where possible) applicable leaching structures, oil/water separators, and/or septic systems:
Remove all existing sludge in oil/water separators, septic systems, and where accessible, leaching structures. Any sludge determined to be a hazardous waste shall be disposed of in accordance with state hazardous waste regulations (310 CMR 30.000). Remedial activity involving any excavation and/or soil or groundwater sampling must be performed in accordance with appropriate Department policies;
Alter the floor drain system so that the floor drain shall be either:
Connected to a tight holding tank that meets all applicable requirements of Department policies and regulations, with hauling records submitted to the Plainville Board of Health at the time of hauling;
Connected to a municipal sanitary sewer line, if available, subject to all applicable Department and local permits; or
Permanently sealed. Any facility sealing a drain shall be required to submit for approval to the Board of Health prior to any activity, a hazardous waste management plan detailing the means of sealing and procedures for collecting, storing, and disposing any hazardous waste generated by the facility, including any spill, or other discharge of hazardous material or wastes.
Compliance with all provisions of this regulation must be accomplished in a manner consistent with Massachusetts Plumbing, Building, and Fire Code; and with all Department and other applicable local requirements.
Upon complying with one of the options listed under Subsection A(3), the owner/operator of the facility shall notify the Department of the closure of said system by filing the Department's underground injection control, UIC, notification form, with the Department, and sending a copy to the Plainville Board of Health.
The effective date of this regulation is February 5, 2003.
Owners/operators of a facility affected by this regulation shall comply with all of its provisions within 120 days of the effective date;
All applicable discharges to the leaching structures and septic systems shall be discontinued immediately through temporary isolation or sealing of the floor drain.
As of the effective date of the regulation, all new construction and/or applicable change of use within the Town of Plainville shall comply with the provisions of this regulation.
Certification of conformance with the provisions of this regulation by the Board of Health shall be required prior to issuance of construction and occupancy permits.
Failure to comply with provisions of this regulation will result in the levy of fines of not less than $200, but no more than $1,000. Each day's failure to comply with the provisions of this regulation shall constitute a separate violation.