Township of Moorestown, NJ
Burlington County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Amended 10-11-1965 by Ord. No. 488]
A. 
Borings and underdrains.
(1) 
Borings shall be made at the locations of the proposed streets at approximately four-hundred-foot intervals or at closer intervals, if necessary, along the center lines of the streets to be paved for the purpose of determining the subsurface conditions.
(2) 
Boring data shall be submitted to the Planning Board, indicating the classification of the subsurface material encountered and the water level, if encountered.
(3) 
The boring shall be related to the bench mark with the surface of the proposed road shown at the location of the boring.
(4) 
Borings shall be located on the plan.
(5) 
The developer's design engineer shall certify the suitability of the subsurface material encountered for the proposed use. Unsuitable subsurface material shall be removed and replaced with suitable granular material approved beforehand by the Department of Public Works.
(6) 
A complete underdrainage system shall be installed under pavement where the groundwater table is within 2 1/2 feet of the proposed pavement base, as indicated by borings taken between November 1 and May 1, inclusive. The minimum distance shall be 3 1/2 feet if the applicable borings are made between May 2 and October 31.
(7) 
The underdrainage system shall be constructed of porous concrete pipe or other suitable materials, as approved by the Department of Public Works, laid in porous graded filter media. The underdrain shall be a minimum of six-inch internal diameter, laid straight, with access by manholes or inlets at intervals not exceeding 320 feet.
(8) 
The subgrade of cohesive soils in cut, for a depth of 12 inches below the subgrade surface, shall have a density of not less than 93% of the maximum density ASTM-DB-698-66T. If the existing material has a density of less than 93% of maximum density, it shall be compacted to at least 93% of maximum density to a depth of 12 inches.
(9) 
The upper 12 inches of subgrade and fill shall be compacted to not less than 93% of the maximum density; below the upper 12 inches, the compaction shall not be less than 90% of the maximum density.
(10) 
The moisture content of the specified densities shall be within 2% more or less, than the optimum.
(11) 
For cohesionless sands, the compaction shall be increased to not less than 95% of the maximum density for the top six inches of subgrade in cut or fill.
(12) 
The fill around underdrains shall consist of the clean gravel or stone and should be well graded and of a size that will pass a one-inch mesh and shall be retained on a one-half-inch mesh. Fill shall be placed as the underdrain is laid, extending not less than four inches below and eight inches on each side of the underdrain, and shall extend to the subgrade of the pavement.
B. 
Residential streets. Road pavement minimum standards for residential purposes shall be a six-inch dense graded aggregate base (current New Jersey Department of Transportation specification), a four-inch bituminous base and a two-inch FABC bituminous concrete surface course (current New Jersey Department of Transportation specification). In addition, subgrade compaction shall be subject to the approval of the Township Engineer. Staged development shall require the initial installation of the six-inch crushed stone base and the four-inch bituminous base, with all manholes and water valves set at final elevation and temporarily ramped with asphalt, subject to the approval of the Department of Public Works. Once the development is completed, ramps shall be removed prior to installation of the surface course. All unsuitable subbase areas, as determined by the Department of Public Works, shall be stabilized and the two-inch FABC surface course completed. The surface course shall not be applied for at least 12 months after installation of the base course or until approval by the Department of Public Works is received but shall be applied prior to release of the required construction bond. All streets shall be paved from curb to curb.
[Amended 7-25-1988 by Ord. No. 1418]
C. 
Industrial and commercial streets.
[Amended 7-25-1988 by Ord. No. 1418]
(1) 
Road pavement minimum standards for industrial and commercial purposes shall be an eight-inch dense graded aggregate base (current New Jersey Department of Transportation specification), a four-inch bituminous base and a two-inch FABC bituminous concrete surface course (current New Jersey Department of Transportation specification).
(2) 
In addition, subgrade compaction shall be subject to the approval of the Township Engineer.
(3) 
Staged development shall require the initial installation of the eight-inch crushed stone base and the four-inch bituminous base, with all manholes and water valves set at final elevation and temporarily ramped with asphalt, subject to the approval of the Department of Public Works.
(4) 
Once the development is completed, ramps shall be removed prior to installation to the surface course.
(5) 
All unsuitable subbase areas, as determined by the Department of Public Works, shall be stabilized and the two-inch FABC surface course completed.
(6) 
The surface course shall not be applied for at least 12 months after installation of the base course, or until approval by the Department of Public Works is received, but shall be applied prior to release of the required construction bond.
(7) 
All streets shall be paved from curb to curb.
(8) 
The above standards are for street construction only and shall not be incorporated into site plan review or approval.
D. 
Waiver of standards.
[Added 7-25-1988 by Ord. No. 1418]
(1) 
All subgrades shall be considered "poor," and streets shall be constructed according to Subsections B and C, unless the applicant proves otherwise through California Bearing Ratio (CBR) testing. If the subgrade has a CBR of 10 or greater, as determined by the American Society for Testing and Materials, Method for Bearing Ratio of Laboratory-Compacted Soils (ASTM Designation D183), no subbase is required.
(2) 
The number of laboratory tests shall be determined by the Township Engineer. The Township Engineer shall issue a report outlining the reasons for approving or denying all requests for waivers. No waiver regarding the reduction of the base or surface courses shall be approved. All costs associated with testing and inspections shall be paid by the applicant.
Street signs shall be installed at all street intersections. All signs shall be four-way signs, except as otherwise approved beforehand by the Department of Public Works. Signs shall be of a type conforming to existing signs then being installed by the Department of Public Works and approved beforehand by the Department of Public Works.
A. 
Continuous permanent curbs of concrete shall be installed on both sides of and immediately abutting streets.
B. 
Curbs shall be 16 inches high (except for curbs on industrial and commercial collector streets, which curbs shall be 18 inches high), six inches wide at the top and nine inches wide at the base, with slope on the cartway face, and shall conform to the current New Jersey Department of Transportation specifications.
C. 
Concrete used shall be Class B (1-1.75-3.5) air-entrained, as set forth in New Jersey Department of Transportation specifications.
D. 
The use of wood forms is not encouraged, except for curbs of short radii.
E. 
Curbs shall have a cut-joint and an expansion joint alternated at twenty-foot spacing, resulting in a vertical joint every 10 feet. Normally, the curb face shall be six inches exposed.
F. 
Driveway openings shall normally be provided with depressed curb two inches above the gutter line. Driveway openings shall be located as approved by the Department of Public Works and shall not be located within 30 feet of the intersection of curblines where the angle of intersection is 60° or greater. Should driveways be required after the curb is constructed and not depressed, the curb shall be completely removed between expansion joints, and new curb shall be poured to form the appropriate depressed section.
G. 
Curb shall be backfilled within 36 hours of pouring and finished on the same day forms are stripped.
H. 
Curb which is defaced, cracked, broken or not to line and grade shall not be acceptable to the Department of Public Works.
I. 
Where new curb connects with existing curbs and a portion of the existing curb is to be removed, the existing curb shall be removed to an existing expansion joint, or the existing curb shall be saw cut.
J. 
Should there be existing curb, the Department of Public Works shall determine which existing curb is to remain and which is to be replaced.
K. 
Patching of curb, new or existing, is not approved.
L. 
Concrete aprons are required in all driveways between curb and sidewalk. The aprons shall be of six-inch minimum thickness, with joints between the apron and the curb and between apron and sidewalk. The apron shall not be poured monolithically with the curb or the sidewalk.
A. 
Where existing grades are less than 0.5 of 1% but not less than 0.4 of 1%, permanent concrete gutters shall be used. Permanent gutters conforming to New Jersey Department of Transportation specifications of Class B air-entrained concrete shall be installed along the curb 24 inches wide by eight inches thick.
B. 
The gutter shall be six to eight inches below the top surface of the curb.
C. 
Wherever bituminous concrete surface is used, the same surface may be constructed the full width of the cartway from curb to curb to eliminate the requirements for concrete gutters; provided, however, that the topography of the land is sufficient to provide satisfactory runoff and said alternative construction has received the prior express approval of the Planning Board.
D. 
Gutters, where required, shall be poured monolithically with the curb with the same joint. Steel forms shall be used for the construction of gutters.
[Amended 6-24-1974 by Ord. No. 760]
A. 
Sidewalks shall be constructed on both sides of streets, except as to any street where the requested subdivision includes only one side of the street.
B. 
Concrete for sidewalks shall be air-entrained, conforming to New Jersey Department of Transportation Class C specifications and shall be constructed in the right-of-way adjacent to the curbs or not nearer the property line than one foot at all locations.
C. 
Sidewalks, in residential areas, shall be at least four feet wide and four inches thick and shall follow the required street profiles. In commercial, industrial and mixed-use areas, the sidewalk shall be at least five feet wide. In streetscape project areas, at least 50% of the sidewalk area abutting the property shall be comprised of four-inch by eight-inch clay bricks, subject to the specifications required by the Township Engineer.
[Amended 5-13-2002 by Ord. No. 2001-02]
D. 
The unpaved area between the curb and the property line shall be covered with six inches of topsoil and planted with grass seed or sodded.
E. 
The finish on sidewalks shall be nonskid.
F. 
Surface grooving shall be located at intervals equal to the width of the sidewalk, with expansion joints at twenty-foot intervals.
G. 
Unless otherwise required by the Department of Public Works or the Planning Board, sidewalk area between the property line and the curb shall slope 1/4 inch per foot toward the curb.
H. 
Sidewalks at driveways shall be at least six inches thick.
I. 
Sidewalks at intersections shall be connected to the curb with apron areas as approved beforehand by the Department of Public Works. Aprons shall be poured on undisturbed original earth or supported by a two-inch-wide corbel on the back face of the curb.
J. 
Alignment of sidewalks generally shall be parallel to the curbs. However, alignment may be altered, if approved beforehand or as otherwise required by the Department of Public Works, in order to protect existing trees or to meet other unusual conditions.
A. 
Before occupancy, a municipal water system shall be connected to each dwelling in accordance with the rules and regulations of, and subject to the prior approval of, the Department of Public Works.
B. 
The water distribution system shall, in general, conform to Section 7 of the Rules and Regulations for the Preparation and Submission of Plans for Public Water Systems and Water Treatment Plants, issued (and as amended and supplemented from time to time) by the New Jersey State Department of Health.
C. 
The minimum size of water mains shall be six inches in residential districts, except that on cul-de-sac streets where four or fewer dwellings are planned, a main of lesser diameter may be authorized by the Department of Public Works, but in no instance shall the line have a lesser diameter than two inches or be other than of cast iron.
D. 
Under all circumstances, six inches shall be the minimum diameter of main satisfactory for a hydrant's supply in residential districts, and the main shall be closely grid ironed with six-inch cross-connecting mains at intervals not exceeding 600 feet; should the gridiron crossing connecting main intervals exceed 600 feet, then an eight-inch main shall be used.
E. 
Water mains shall be sized in such a manner as to provide for future growth, both within and beyond the subdivision in accordance with the Township's utility plans, where available, or otherwise as determined by the Planning Board, based on densities permitted by the Zoning Ordinance, General Development Plan recommendations and standards recommended by the Township Engineer.
F. 
Water mains shall be valved in such a manner as to provide complete control of the system without interruption of service beyond one block, wherever possible. The location and number of valves are subject to the prior approval of the Department of Public Works. Dead ends shall not be permitted except with the prior consent of the Department of Public Works and, where approved, shall be equipped with blow-off or a hydrant, either temporary or permanent.
G. 
All water pipes shall be Class 150 cement-lined cast iron Tyton Joint conforming to current specifications ASA 21.6 or 21.8, with lining in accordance with ASA 21.4, minimum thickness of 1/8 inch, with a plus tolerance of 1/8 inch.
H. 
Fittings shall be cement-lined cast iron to conform to ASA 21.10-11 or 21.10 Class 250.
I. 
Covers on water mains shall be not less than three feet, six inches in diameter. Gate valves shall conform to AWWA C500-61 cast iron bronze mounted, open left, with "O" rings, double disc, nonrising stem, and mechanical joint ends.
J. 
The valves shall be equipped with adjustable, telescopic, cast-iron valve boxes, with covers marked "water" and with arrows indicating the direction to open or close with the word "open" or "close", as applicable.
K. 
Hydrants shall be connected with at least six-inch diameter pipe, equipped with gate valves and valve boxes, and a hydrant-anchoring tee on the main. Water mains shall be installed in accordance with AWWA C600 and disinfected in accordance with AWWA C601 and the Rules and Regulations of the New Jersey State Department of Health as currently in effect and as amended and supplemented from time to time.
L. 
Water pipes shall be subjected to a hydrostatic pressure test of not less than 100 pounds per square inch. No water mains shall be backfilled until authorized by the Department of Public Works.
M. 
If a permit is required from the New Jersey State Department of Health, the subdivider shall furnish, at his expense, all necessary information, plans, materials and completed forms for Township officials to sign and submit to the state for approval.
[Amended 10-8-1979 by Ord. No. 998]
A. 
Before occupancy, the sanitary facilities of each dwelling unit shall be ready for use and connected by a lateral of at least four inches' diameter to a fully completed, functioning, municipal sewer line, subject to the requirements and approval of the Department of Public Works and the Township Plumbing Inspector. The design of all sanitary sewage collection systems shall be subject to the approval of the Department of Public Works and shall, in general, conform to Section 4 of the Rules and Regulations for the Preparation and Submission of Plans and for Sewer Systems and Waste Water Treatment Plants, issued by the New Jersey State Department of Health.
B. 
Pipes and manholes.
[Amended 10-8-1979 by Ord. No. 998]
(1) 
Sanitary sewer pipes shall be either asbestos cement pipe conforming to ASTM standards for a nonpressure sewer pipe, Class 2400 minimum for pipe diameters up to 10 inches and Class 3300 for 12 inches and larger diameters, or VC pipe conforming to ASTM C13 65T extra strength, with ASTM C425 Type III removable gasket joints or shall be cast iron, as specified for water mains. Where the cover is less than three feet in diameter, cast iron shall be used. The minimum diameter for sanitary sewers shall be eight inches. All sewers shall be sized for future development, both within and beyond the proposed subdivision, in accordance with the Township's utility plans, where available, or otherwise as determined by the Planning Board, based on densities permitted by the Zoning Ordinance, General Development Plan recommendations and standards recommended by the Township Engineer. Short pieces shall be used at all manholes. Y's shall be provided in both AC and VC pipe. Deep cut connections shall conform with the standard of the Department of Public Works and shall be used where depth of the main exceeds eight feet. Manhole frames and covers shall conform to the standard of the Department of Public Works.
(2) 
Use of manholes in sidewalks is discouraged, but, if so used, manholes shall be equipped with special-type manhole covers, as approved by the Department of Public Works. All sanitary sewers shall be inspected for infiltration and tested to determine the extent of infiltration. If found to occur, the certification of such inspection and testing shall be submitted by a licensed professional engineer to the Department of Public Works. Infiltration shall not exceed 100 gallons per day per inch of diameter per mile of pipe between any two adjacent manholes and shall not exceed 50% of that amount for the entire subdivision. Where material excavated is not suitable for backfill or adaptable to compaction, it shall be replaced with a granular-type fill approved by the Department of Public Works. Where unstable trench bottom is encountered, the blackfill shall be stone. The maximum spacing on manholes shall be 320 feet.
(3) 
Sanitary sewers shall generally be aligned along the center lines of streets. In curved streets, sanitary sewers shall be constructed on chords; however, neither the center lines of the manholes nor the center lines of the pipes shall be closer than six feet to the face of any curb.
(4) 
All sanitary sewers shall be straight, both horizontally and vertically, between manholes. Trench water shall not be permitted through sanitary sewers. Y branches not immediately connected shall be permanently sealed. Precast manholes are permitted, and their use is encouraged.
(5) 
Manholes may be constructed of concrete block, conforming to ASTM specifications, and all manhole frames shall be set on a minimum of three courses of brick, with specifications of single thickness for depth not exceeding 10 feet and double thickness for depth exceeding 10 feet.
(6) 
Manholes may also be constructed of brick, conforming to grade MA of the ASTM specifications and shall be nine inches thick for depths not exceeding 10 feet and 12 inches thick for depths exceeding 10 feet.
(7) 
All manholes shall be equipped with one-inch-square aluminum ladder rungs spaced 16 inches centerline from the upstream of the manhole. All manholes are to be plastered, both inside and out.
C. 
The subdivider's design engineer on sanitary sewers shall submit with his plans computations indicating general conformity to Rules and Regulations of the New Jersey State Department of Health requiring that sanitary sewers shall have a capacity equal to twice the average flow when the flowing is half full. Sanitary sewers shall be, in general, designed with an "N" valve of 0.013 in the Manning Formula. No sewers shall be backfilled until authorized by the Department of Public Works.
[Amended 6-24-1974 by Ord. No. 760]
D. 
Sewer and/or pumping stations.
[Amended 6-24-1974 by Ord. No. 760]
(1) 
If permits for construction and operation of sanitary sewers and/or pumping stations are required by the New Jersey State Department of Environmental Protection or other state, county or governmental agencies or boards, the subdivider shall furnish to the Township, at his expense, all necessary information, plans, specifications, materials and completed New Jersey State Department of Environmental Protection's application forms, together with all other required forms; the subdivider shall submit the same to the Department of Public Works for review by the Township Engineer. (Upon approval by Township Engineer, the proper Township official shall sign the application and forward the same to the State Department of Environmental Protection for a permit to construct said sewers and/or pumping stations.)
(2) 
After completion of construction of said sewer and/or pumping station and prior to the release of performance guaranties by the Township, the design engineer, at the subdivider's expense, shall:
(a) 
Certify to the New Jersey State Department of Environmental Protection (with a copy to the Department of Public Works) that the project has been inspected under his supervision, has been constructed according to plans and specifications and meets the prevailing infiltration allowances;
(b) 
Furnish other information necessary for the issuance by the State of New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection of a permit to the Township to operate said sewer line, sewer lines or pumping station.
(3) 
Performance guaranties for sewer line or pumping station construction, as required by § 158-11 hereof, shall not be released prior to receipt of said operating permit by the Township.
[Amended 11-12-1979 by Ord. No. 1009; 4-26-1982 by Ord. No. 1112; 1-26-1998 by Ord. No. 1845-98; 4-3-2006 by Ord. No. 6-2006]
A. 
Scope and purpose.
(1) 
Policy statement. Flood control, groundwater recharge, and pollutant reduction through nonstructural or low-impact techniques shall be explored before relying on structural BMPs. Structural BMPs should be integrated with nonstructural stormwater management strategies and proper maintenance plans. Nonstructural strategies include both environmentally sensitive site design and source controls that prevent pollutants from being placed on the site or from being exposed to stormwater. Source control plans should be developed based upon physical site conditions and the origin, nature, and the anticipated quantity or amount of potential pollutants. Multiple stormwater management BMPs may be necessary to achieve the established performance standards for water quality, quantity, and groundwater recharge.
(2) 
Purpose. It is the purpose of this section to establish minimum stormwater management requirements and controls for certain development occurring within the Township of Moorestown.
(3) 
Applicability.
(a) 
This section shall be applicable to all developments and/or land development applications.
(b) 
This section shall also be applicable to all major developments undertaken by the Township of Moorestown.
(4) 
Compatibility with other permit and section requirements. Development approvals issued for subdivisions and site plans pursuant to this section are to be considered an integral part of development approvals under the subdivision and site plan review process and do not relieve the applicant of the responsibility to secure required permits or approvals for activities regulated by any other applicable code, rule, act, or section. In their interpretation and application, the provisions of this section shall be held to be the minimum requirements for the promotion of the public health, safety, and general welfare. This section is not intended to interfere with, abrogate, or annul any other sections, rule or regulation, statute, or other provision of law except that, where any provision of this section imposes restrictions different from those imposed by any other section, rule or regulation, or other provision of law, the more restrictive provisions, or higher standards shall control.
B. 
Definitions (in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:8-1.2 and any amendments thereto). As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated.
[Added 9-11-2017 by Ord. No. 13-2017]
AREA OF DISTURBANCE
Disturbance is the placement of impervious surface or exposure and/or movement of soil or bedrock or clearing, cutting, or removing of vegetation. (See "major development" and "minor development.")
BMPs
Best management practices as found in the latest edition of the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual.
COMPACTION
The increase in soil bulk density.
CORE
A pedestrian-oriented area of commercial and civic uses serving the surrounding municipality, generally including housing and access to public transportation.
COUNTY REVIEW AGENCY
An agency designated by the County Board of Chosen Freeholders to review municipal stormwater management plans and implementing ordinance(s). The county review agency may either be:
(1) 
A county planning agency; or
(2) 
A county water resource association created under N.J.S.A. 58:16A-55.5, if the ordinance or resolution delegates authority to approve, conditionally approve, or disapprove municipal stormwater management plans and implementing ordinances.
DEPARTMENT
The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (DEP).
DESIGN ENGINEER
A person professionally qualified and duly licensed in New Jersey to perform engineering services that may include, but are not necessarily limited to, development of project requirements, creation and development of project design and preparation of drawings and specifications.
DESIGNATED CENTER
A state development and redevelopment plan center as designated by the State Planning Commission, such as urban, regional, town, village, or hamlet.
DEVELOPMENT
The division of a parcel of land into two or more parcels, the construction, reconstruction, conversion, structural alteration, relocation or enlargement of any building or structure, any mining excavation or landfill, and any use or change in the use of any building or other structure, or land or extension of use of land, by any person, for which permission is required under the Municipal Land Use Law, N.J.S.A. 40:55D-1 et seq. In the case of development of agricultural lands, "development" means any activity that requires a state permit; any activity reviewed by the County Agricultural Board (CAB) and the State Agricultural Development Committee (SADC), and municipal review of any activity not exempted by the Right to Farm Act, N.J.S.A. 4:1C-1 et seq.
DRAINAGE AREA
A geographic area within which stormwater, sediments, or dissolved materials drain to a particular receiving water body or to a particular point along a receiving water body.
EMPOWERMENT NEIGHBORHOOD
A neighborhood designated by the Urban Coordinating Council in consultation and conjunction with the New Jersey Redevelopment Authority pursuant to N.J.S.A 55:19-69.
ENVIRONMENTALLY CRITICAL AREAS
An area or feature which is of significant environmental value, including, but not limited to, stream corridors; natural heritage priority sites; habitat of endangered or threatened species; large areas of contiguous open space or upland forest; steep slopes; and wellhead protection and groundwater recharge areas. Habitats of endangered or threatened species are identified using the Department's Landscape Project as approved by the Department's Endangered and Nongame Species Program.
EROSION
The detachment and movement of soil or rock fragments by water, wind, ice or gravity.
FLOODPLAIN
The area inundated by NJDEP's regulatory flood, including the water course that creates it. NJDEP's regulatory flood means NJDEP's adopted Flood Hazard Area Design Flood along streams for which NJDEP has an adopted flood hazard area and floodway study, and the one-hundred-year flood along nondelineated streams for which NJDEP has not delineated a flood hazard area.
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE
A surface that has been covered with a layer of material so that it is highly resistant to infiltration by water.
INFILTRATION
The process by which water seeps into the soil from precipitation.
MAJOR DEVELOPMENT
Any development that provides for ultimately disturbing one or more acres of land or increasing an impervious surface by one-quarter acre or more. (See "area of disturbance.")
MINOR DEVELOPMENT
Any development or redevelopment, that adds or replaces (alone or in combination) 1,000 or more square feet, but less than or equal to 5,000 square feet of impervious surface, or that provides for ultimately disturbing 1,000 or more square feet but less than or equal to 5,000 square feet of land. Minor development includes both private and public projects and activities. (See "area of disturbance.")
MUNICIPALITY
Any city, borough, town, township, or village.
NODE
An area designated by the State Planning Commission concentrating facilities and activities which is not organized in a compact form.
NUTRIENT
A chemical element or compound, such as nitrogen or phosphorus, which is essential to and promotes the development of organisms.
PENALTIES
See "violations."
PERSON
Any individual, corporation, company, partnership, firm, association, Township of Moorestown, or political subdivision of this state subject to municipal jurisdiction pursuant to the Municipal Land Use Law, N.J.S.A. 40:55D-1 et seq.
POLLUTANT
Any dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator residue, filter backwash, sewage, garbage, refuse, oil, grease, sewage sludge, munitions, chemical wastes, biological materials, medical wastes, radioactive substance (except those regulated under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended (42 U.S.C. § 2011 et seq.), thermal waste, wrecked or discarded equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt, industrial, municipal, agricultural, and construction waste or runoff, or other residue discharged directly or indirectly to the land, groundwaters or surface waters of the state, or to a domestic treatment works. "Pollutant" includes both hazardous and nonhazardous pollutants.
RECHARGE
The amount of water from precipitation that infiltrates into the ground and is not evapotranspired.
SEDIMENT
Solid material, mineral or organic, that is in suspension, is being transported, or has been moved from its site of origin by air, water or gravity as a product of erosion.
SITE
The lot or lots upon which a development is to occur or has occurred.
SOIL
All unconsolidated mineral and organic material of any origin.
STATE DEVELOPMENT AND REDEVELOPMENT PLAN SUBURBAN AREA (PA2)
An area to provide much of stated future development promising growth in centers and other compact forms, protect the character of the existing stable community.
STATE PLAN POLICY MAP
The geographic application of the State Development and Redevelopment Plan's goals and statewide policies, and the official map of these goals and policies.
STORMWATER
Water resulting from precipitation (including rain, snow, sleet, and hail) that runs off the land's surface, is transmitted to the subsurface, or is captured by separate storm sewers or other sewage or drainage facilities, or conveyed by snow removal equipment.
STORMWATER MANAGEMENT BASIN
An excavation or embankment and related areas designed to retain or detain stormwater runoff. A stormwater management basin may either be normally dry (that is, a detention basin or infiltration basin), retain water in a permanent pool (a retention basin), wet pond (a permanent pool of water) or be planted mainly with wetland vegetation (most constructed stormwater wetlands).
STORMWATER MANAGEMENT MEASURE
Any structural or nonstructural strategy, practice, technology, process, program, or other method intended to control or reduce stormwater runoff and associated pollutants, or to induce or control the infiltration or groundwater recharge of stormwater or to eliminate illicit or illegal nonstormwater discharges into stormwater conveyances.
STORMWATER RUNOFF
Water flow on the surface of the ground or in storm sewers resulting from precipitation.
STREAM
A small narrow river. In New Jersey, considered "waters of the state."
URBAN COORDINATING COUNCIL EMPOWERMENT NEIGHBORHOOD
A neighborhood given priority access to state resources through the New Jersey Redevelopment Authority.
URBAN REDEVELOPMENT AREA
Previously developed portions of areas:
(1) 
Delineated on the State Plan Policy Map (SPPM) as the Metropolitan Planning Area (PA1), Designated Centers, Cores or Nodes;
(2) 
Designated as CAFRA Centers, Cores or Nodes.
VIOLATIONS
Any person violating this article or failing to comply with any of its provisions shall, upon conviction, be subject to the penalties set forth in Chapter 66.
WATERS OF THE STATE
The ocean and its estuaries, all springs, streams, wetlands, and bodies of surface water or groundwater, whether natural or artificial, within the boundaries of the State of New Jersey or subject to its jurisdiction.
WET POND
A permanent pool of water meeting the Residential Site Improvement Standards (RSIS).
WETLANDS or WETLAND
An area that is inundated or saturated by surface water or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances does support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions, commonly known as "hydrophytic vegetation."
C. 
Design and performance standards for stormwater management measures.
(1) 
Stormwater management measures for all development shall be developed to meet the erosion control, groundwater recharge, stormwater runoff quantity, and stormwater runoff quality standards in Subsection D. To the maximum extent practicable, these standards shall be met by incorporating nonstructural stormwater management strategies into the design. If these strategies alone are not sufficient to meet these standards, structural stormwater management measures necessary to meet these standards shall be incorporated into the design.
(2) 
The standards in this section apply to all development and are intended to minimize the impact of stormwater runoff on water quality and water quantity in receiving water bodies and maintain groundwater recharge.
D. 
Stormwater management requirements for development.
(1) 
The development shall incorporate a maintenance plan for the stormwater management measures incorporated into the design of a development in accordance with Subsection J.
(2) 
Stormwater management measures shall avoid adverse impacts of concentrated flow on habitat for threatened and endangered species as documented in the Department's Landscape Project or Natural Heritage Database established under N.J.S.A. 13:1B-15.147 through 15.150, particularly Helonias bullata (swamp pink) and/or Clemmys muhlnebergi (bog turtle).
(3) 
The following linear development projects are exempt from the groundwater recharge, stormwater runoff quantity, and stormwater runoff quality requirements of Subsection D(6) and D(7):
(a) 
The construction of an underground utility line, provided that the disturbed areas are revegetated upon completion;
(b) 
The construction of an aboveground utility line, provided that the existing conditions are maintained to the maximum extent practicable; and
(c) 
The construction of a public pedestrian access, such as a sidewalk or trail with a maximum width of 14 feet, provided that the access is made of permeable material.
(4) 
A waiver from strict compliance from the groundwater recharge, stormwater runoff quantity, and stormwater runoff quality requirements of Subsection D(6) and D(7) may be obtained for the enlargement of an existing public roadway or railroad, or the construction or enlargement of a public pedestrian access, provided that the following conditions are met:
(a) 
The applicant demonstrates that there is a public need for the project that cannot be accomplished by any other means;
(b) 
The applicant demonstrates through an alternatives analysis, that through the use of nonstructural and structural stormwater management strategies and measures, the option selected complies with the requirements of Subsection D(6) and D(7) to the maximum extent practicable;
(c) 
The applicant demonstrates that, in order to meet the requirements of Subsection D(6) and D(7), existing structures currently in use, such as homes and buildings, would need to be condemned; and
(d) 
The applicant demonstrates that it does not own or have other rights to areas not falling under Subsection D(4)(c) above within the upstream drainage area of the receiving stream, that would provide additional opportunities to mitigate the requirements of Subsection D(6) and D(7) that were not achievable on site.
(5) 
Nonstructural stormwater management strategies.
(a) 
To the maximum extent practicable, the standards in Subsection D(6) and D(7) shall be met by incorporating nonstructural stormwater management strategies set forth at Subsection D(5) into the design. The applicant shall identify the nonstructural measures incorporated into the design of the project. If the applicant contends that it is not feasible for engineering, environmental, or safety reasons to incorporate any nonstructural stormwater management measures identified in Subsection D(5)(b) below into the design of a particular project, the applicant shall identify the strategy considered and provide a basis for the contention.
(b) 
Nonstructural stormwater management strategies incorporated into site design shall:
[1] 
Protect areas that provide water quality benefits or areas particularly susceptible to erosion and sediment loss;
[2] 
Minimize impervious surfaces and break up or disconnect the flow of runoff over impervious surfaces;
[3] 
Maximize the protection of natural drainage features and vegetation;
[4] 
Minimize the decrease in the time of concentration from preconstruction to postconstruction. "Time of concentration" is defined as the time it takes for runoff to travel from the hydraulically most distant point of the watershed to the point of interest within a watershed;
[5] 
Minimize land disturbance including clearing and grading;
[6] 
Minimize soil compaction;
[7] 
Provide low-maintenance landscaping that encourages retention and planting of native vegetation and minimizes the use of lawns, fertilizers and pesticides;
[8] 
Provide vegetated open-channel conveyance systems discharging into and through stable vegetated areas;
[9] 
Provide other source controls to prevent or minimize the use or exposure of pollutants at the site, in order to prevent or minimize the release of those pollutants into stormwater runoff. Such source controls include, but are not limited to:
[a] 
Site design features that help to prevent accumulation of trash and debris in drainage systems, including features that satisfy Subsection D(5)(c) below;
[b] 
Site design features that help to prevent discharge of trash and debris from drainage systems;
[c] 
Site design features that help to prevent and/or contain spills or other harmful accumulations of pollutants at industrial or commercial developments; and
[d] 
When establishing vegetation after land disturbance, applying fertilizer in accordance with the requirements established under the Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Act, N.J.S.A. 4:24-39 et seq., and implementing rules.
[10] 
Deed restrictions of a stormwater management measure shall be approved by the governing body and made in perpetuity.
[Added 9-11-2017 by Ord. No. 13-2017]
(c) 
Site design features identified under Subsection D(5)(b)[9][b] above shall comply with the following standard to control passage of solid and floatable materials through storm drain inlets. For purposes of this subsection, "solid and floatable materials" means sediment, debris, trash, and other floating, suspended, or settleable solids. For exemptions to this standard see Subsection D(5)(c)[3] below.
[1] 
Design engineers shall use bicycle safe grates whenever they use a grate in pavement or another ground surface to collect stormwater from that surface into a storm drain or surface water body under that grate.
[2] 
Whenever design engineers use a curb-opening inlet, they shall be Type P2 - ECO Curb Piece or equivalent.
[3] 
This standard does not apply:
[a] 
Where the Township determines that this standard would cause inadequate hydraulic performance that could not practicably be overcome by using additional or larger storm drain inlets that meet these standards;
[b] 
Where flows from the water quality design storm as specified in Subsection D(7)(a) are conveyed through any device (e.g., end of pipe netting facility, manufactured treatment device, or a catch basin hood) that is designed, at a minimum, to prevent delivery of all solid and floatable materials that could not pass through one of the following:
[i] 
A rectangular space four and five-eighths inches long and one and one-half inches wide (this option does not apply for outfall netting facilities); or
[ii] 
A bar screen having a bar spacing of 0.5 inches.
[c] 
Where flows are conveyed through a trash rack that has parallel bars with one-inch spacing between the bars, to the elevation of the water quality design storm as specified in Subsection D(7)(a); or
[d] 
Where the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection determines, pursuant to the New Jersey Register of Historic Places Rules at N.J.A.C. 7:4-7.2(c), that action to meet this standard is an undertaking that constitutes an encroachment or will damage or destroy the New Jersey Register listed historic property.
(d) 
Any land area used as a nonstructural stormwater management measure to meet the performance standards in Subsection D(6) and D(7) shall either be dedicated to a government agency, private ownership subjected to a conservation restriction filed with the Burlington County Clerk's office, or subject to an approved equivalent restriction that ensures that measure or an equivalent stormwater management measure approved by the Township is maintained in perpetuity.
(e) 
Guidance for nonstructural stormwater management strategies is available in the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual.
(6) 
Erosion control, groundwater recharge, and runoff quantity standards.
(a) 
This subsection contains minimum design and performance standards to control erosion, encourage and control infiltration and groundwater recharge, and control stormwater runoff quantity impacts of major development.
[1] 
The minimum design and performance standards for erosion control are those established under the Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Act, N.J.S.A. 4:24-39 et seq., and implementing rules.
[2] 
The minimum design and performance standards for groundwater recharge are as follows:
[a] 
The design engineer shall, using the assumptions and factors for stormwater runoff and groundwater recharge calculations at Subsection E, either:
[i] 
Demonstrate through hydrologic and hydraulic analysis that the site and its stormwater management measures maintain 100% of the average annual preconstruction groundwater recharge volume for the site; or
[ii] 
Demonstrate through hydrologic and hydraulic analysis that the increase of stormwater runoff volume from preconstruction to postconstruction for the two-year storm is infiltrated.
[b] 
The following types of stormwater shall not be recharged:
[i] 
Stormwater from areas of high pollutant loading. High pollutant loading areas are areas in industrial and commercial developments where solvents and/or petroleum products are loaded/unloaded, stored, or applied, areas where pesticides are loaded/unloaded or stored; areas where hazardous materials are expected to be present in greater than "reportable quantities" as defined by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) at 40 CFR 302.4; areas where recharge would be inconsistent with Department approved remedial action work plan or landfill closure plan and areas with high risks for spills of toxic materials, such as gas stations and vehicle maintenance facilities; and
[ii] 
Industrial stormwater exposed to "source material." "Source material" means any material(s) or machinery, located at an industrial facility, that is directly or indirectly related to process, manufacturing, or other industrial activities, which could be a source of pollutants in any industrial stormwater discharge to groundwater. Source materials include, but are not limited to, raw materials; intermediate products; final products; waste materials; by-products; industrial machinery and fuels, and lubricants, solvents, and detergents that are related to process, manufacturing, or other industrial activities that are exposed to stormwater.
[c] 
The design engineer shall assess the hydraulic impact on the groundwater table and design the site so as to avoid adverse hydraulic impacts. Potential adverse hydraulic impacts include, but are not limited to, exacerbating a naturally or seasonally high water table so as to cause surficial ponding, flooding of basements, or interference with the proper operation of subsurface sewage disposal systems and other subsurface structures in the vicinity or down gradient of the groundwater recharge area.
[d] 
See Moorestown Mitigation Plan adopted herein and included at the end of this chapter as Subdivision of Land, 158 Attachment 12.
[Added 9-11-2017 by Ord. No. 13-2017]
[3] 
In order to control stormwater runoff quantity impacts, the design engineer shall, using the assumptions and factors for stormwater runoff calculations at Subsection E, complete one of the following:
[a] 
Demonstrate through hydrologic and hydraulic analysis that for stormwater leaving the site, postconstruction runoff hydrographs for the two-, ten-, and one-hundred-year storm events do not exceed, at any point in time, the preconstruction runoff hydrographs for the same storm events;
[b] 
Demonstrate through hydrologic and hydraulic analysis that there is no increase, as compared to the preconstruction condition, in the peak runoff rates of stormwater leaving the site for the two-, ten-, and one-hundred-year storm events and that the increased volume or change in timing of stormwater runoff will not increase flood damage at or downstream of the site. This analysis shall include the analysis of impacts of existing land uses and projected land uses assuming full development under existing zoning and land use sections in the drainage area;
[c] 
Design stormwater management measures so that the postconstruction peak runoff rates for the two-, ten- and one-hundred-year storm events are 50%, 75% and 80%, respectively, of the preconstruction peak runoff rates. The percentages apply only to the postconstruction stormwater runoff that is attributable to the portion of the site on which the proposed development or project is to be constructed. The percentages shall not be applied to postconstruction stormwater runoff into tidal flood hazard areas if the increased volume of stormwater runoff will not increase flood damages below the point of discharge; or
[d] 
In tidal flood hazard areas, stormwater runoff quantity analysis in accordance with Subsection D(6)(a)[3][a], [b] and [c] above shall only be applied if the increased volume of stormwater runoff could increase flood damages below the point of discharge.
(b) 
Any application for a new agricultural development that meets the definition of major site plan or major subdivision shall be submitted to the Burlington County Soil Conservation District for review and approval in accordance with the requirements of this subsection and any applicable Soil Conservation District guidelines for stormwater runoff quantity and erosion control. For the purposes of this subsection, "agricultural development" means land uses normally associated with the production of food, fiber, and livestock for sale. Such uses do not include the development of land for the processing or sale of food and the manufacturing of agriculturally related products.
(7) 
Stormwater runoff quality standards.
(a) 
Stormwater management measures shall be designed to reduce the postconstruction load of total suspended solids (TSS) in stormwater runoff by 80% of the anticipated load from the developed site, expressed as an annual average. Stormwater management measures shall only be required for water quality control if an additional 1/4 acre of impervious surface is being proposed on a development site. The requirement to reduce TSS does not apply to any stormwater runoff in a discharge regulated under a numeric effluent limitation for TSS imposed under the New Jersey Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NJPDES) rules, N.J.A.C. 7:14A, or in a discharge specifically exempt under a NJPDES permit from this requirement. The water quality design storm is 1.25 inches of rainfall in two hours. Water quality calculations shall take into account the distribution of rain from the water quality design storm, as reflected in Table 1. The calculation of the volume of runoff may take into account the implementation of nonstructural and structural stormwater management measures.
Table 1: Water Quality Design Storm Distribution
Time
(minutes)
Cumulative
Rainfall
(inches)
Time
(minutes)
Cumulative
Rainfall
(inches)
0
0.0000
65
0.8917
5
0.0083
70
0.9917
10
0.0166
75
1.0500
15
0.0250
80
1.0840
20
0.0500
85
1.1170
25
0.0750
90
1.1500
30
0.1000
95
1.1750
35
0.1330
100
1.2000
40
0.1660
105
1.2250
45
0.2000
110
1.2334
50
0.2583
115
1.2417
55
0.3583
120
1.2500
60
0.6250
(b) 
For purposes of TSS reduction calculations, Table 2 below presents the presumed removal rates for certain BMPs designed in accordance with the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual. The BMP Manual and other sources of technical guidance are listed in Subsection G. TSS reduction shall be calculated based on the removal rates for the BMPs in Table 2 below.
(c) 
If more than one BMP in series is necessary to achieve the required 80% TSS reduction for a site, the applicant shall utilize the following formula to calculate TSS reduction:
R
=
A + B - (AXB)/100
Where
R
=
total TSS percent load removal from application of both BMPs
A
=
The TSS percent removal rate applicable to the first BMP
B
=
The TSS percent removal rate applicable to the second BMP
Table 2: TSS Removal Rates for BMPs
Best Management Practice
TSS Percent Removal Rate
Bioretention systems
90
Constructed stormwater wetland
90
Extended detention basin
40-60
Infiltration structure
80
Manufactured treatment device
See Subsection F(3)
Sand filter
80
Vegetative filter strip
60-80
Wet pond
50-90
(d) 
If there is more than one on-site drainage area, the 80% TSS removal rate shall apply to each drainage area, unless the runoff from the subareas converge on site in which case the removal rate can be demonstrated through a calculation using a weighted average.
(e) 
Stormwater management measures shall also be designed to reduce, to the maximum extent feasible, the postconstruction nutrient load of the anticipated load from the developed site in stormwater runoff generated from the water quality design storm. In achieving reduction of nutrients to the maximum extent feasible, the design of the site shall include nonstructural strategies and structural measures that optimize nutrient removal while still achieving the performance standards in Subsection D(6) and D(7).
(f) 
Additional information and examples are contained in the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual.
E. 
Calculation of stormwater runoff and groundwater recharge.
(1) 
Stormwater runoff shall be calculated in accordance with the following:
(a) 
The design engineer shall calculate runoff using one of the following methods:
[1] 
The USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) methodology, including the NRCS Runoff Equation and Dimensionless Unit Hydrograph, as described in the NRCS National Engineering Handbook Subsection 4 - Hydrology and Technical Release 55 - Urban Hydrology for Small Watersheds; or
[2] 
The Rational Method for peak flow and the Modified Rational Method for hydrograph computations.
(b) 
For the purpose of calculating runoff coefficients and groundwater recharge, there is a presumption that the preconstruction condition of a site or portion thereof is a wooded land use with good hydrologic condition. The term "runoff coefficient" applies to both the NRCS methodology at Subsection E(1)(a)][1] and the Rational and Modified Rational Methods at Subsection E(1)(a)][2]. A runoff coefficient or a groundwater recharge land cover for an existing condition may be used on all or a portion of the site if the design engineer verifies that the hydrologic condition has existed on the site or portion of the site for at least five years without interruption prior to the time of application. If more than one land cover have existed on the site during the five years immediately prior to the time of application, the land cover with the lowest runoff potential shall be used for the computations. In addition, there is the presumption that the site is in good hydrologic condition (if the land use type is pasture, lawn, or park), with good cover (if the land use type is woods), or with good hydrologic condition and conservation treatment (if the land use type is cultivation).
(c) 
In computing preconstruction stormwater runoff, the design engineer shall account for all significant land features and structures, such as ponds, wetlands, depressions, hedgerows, or culverts, that may reduce preconstruction stormwater runoff rates and volumes.
(d) 
In computing stormwater runoff from all design storms, the design engineer shall consider the relative stormwater runoff rates and/or volumes of pervious and impervious surfaces separately to accurately compute the rates and volume of stormwater runoff from the site. To calculate runoff from unconnected impervious cover, urban impervious area modifications as described in the NRCS Technical Release 55 - Urban Hydrology for Small Watersheds and other methods may be employed.
(e) 
If the invert of the outlet structure of a stormwater management measure is below the flood hazard design flood elevation as defined at N.J.A.C. 7:13, the design engineer shall take into account the effects of tailwater in the design of structural stormwater management measures.
(2) 
Groundwater recharge shall be calculated in accordance with the New Jersey Geological Survey Report GSR-32 A Method for Evaluating Ground-Water Recharge Areas in New Jersey, incorporated herein by reference as amended and supplemented.
F. 
Standards for structural stormwater management measures.
(1) 
Standards for structural stormwater management measures are as follows:
(a) 
Structural stormwater management measures shall be designed to take into account the existing site conditions, including, for example, environmentally critical areas, wetlands; flood-prone areas; slopes; depth to seasonal high water table; soil type, permeability and texture; drainage area and drainage patterns; and the presence of acid-producing soils.
[Amended 9-11-2017 by Ord. No. 13-2017]
(b) 
Structural stormwater management measures shall be designed to minimize maintenance, facilitate maintenance and repairs, and ensure proper functioning. Trash racks shall be installed at the intake to the outlet structure as appropriate, and shall have parallel bars with one-inch spacing between the bars to the elevation of the water quality design storm. For elevations higher than the water quality design storm, the parallel bars at the outlet structure shall be spaced no greater than 1/3 the width of the diameter of the orifice or 1/3 the width of the weir, with a maximum spacing between bars of six inches. In addition, the design of trash racks must comply with the requirements of Subsection H(4).
(c) 
Structural stormwater management measures shall be designed, constructed, and installed to be strong, durable, and corrosion resistant. Measures that are consistent with the relevant portions of the Residential Site Improvement Standards at N.J.A.C. 5:21-7.3, 7.4, and 7.5 shall be deemed to meet this requirement.
(d) 
At the intake to the outlet from the stormwater management basin, the orifice size shall be a minimum of two and one-half inches in diameter.
(e) 
Stormwater management basins shall be designed to meet the minimum safety standards for stormwater management basins at Subsection H.
(2) 
Stormwater management measure guidelines are available in the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual. Other stormwater management measures may be utilized provided the design engineer demonstrates that the proposed measure and its design will accomplish the required water quantity, groundwater recharge and water quality design and performance standards established by Subsection D of this section.
(3) 
Manufactured treatment devices may be used to meet the requirements of Subsection D of this section, provided the pollutant removal rates are verified by the New Jersey Corporation for Advanced Technology and certified by the Department.
G. 
Sources for technical guidance.
(1) 
Technical guidance for stormwater management measures can be found in the documents listed below, which are available from Maps and Publications, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, 428 East State Street, P.O. Box 420, Trenton, New Jersey 08625; telephone 609-777-1038.
(a) 
Guidelines for stormwater management measures are contained in the NJDEP New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual, as amended. Information is provided on stormwater management measures such as: bioretention systems, constructed stormwater wetlands, dry wells, extended detention basins, infiltration structures, manufactured treatment devices, pervious paving, sand filters, vegetative filter strips, and wet ponds.
(b) 
The NJDEP Stormwater Management Facilities Maintenance Manual, as amended.
(2) 
Additional technical guidance for stormwater management measures can be obtained from the following:
(a) 
The "Standards for Soil Erosion and Sediment Control in New Jersey" promulgated by the State Soil Conservation Committee and incorporated into N.J.A.C. 2:90. Copies of these standards may be obtained by contacting the State Soil Conservation Committee or any of the Soil Conservation Districts listed in N.J.A.C. 2:90-1.3(a)4. The location, address and telephone number of each District may be obtained from the State Soil Conservation Committee, P.O. Box 330, Trenton, New Jersey 08625; telephone 609-292-5540.
(b) 
The Rutgers Cooperative Extension Service; telephone 732-932-9306.
H. 
Safety standards for stormwater management basins.
(1) 
This subsection sets forth requirements to protect public safety through the proper design and operation of stormwater management basins. This subsection applies to any new stormwater management basin.
(2) 
Requirements for trash racks, overflow grates, and escape provisions.
(a) 
A trash rack is a device designed to catch trash and prevent access to the system. Trash racks shall be installed at all intakes and outlets from the stormwater management basin to ensure proper functioning of the basin outlets in accordance with the following:
[1] 
The trash rack shall have parallel bars, with no greater than six-inch spacing between the bars.
[2] 
The trash rack shall be designed so as not to adversely affect the hydraulic performance of the outlet pipe or structure.
[3] 
The average velocity of flow through a clean trash rack is not to exceed 2.5 feet per second under the full range of stage and discharge. Velocity is to be computed on the basis of the net area of opening through the rack.
[4] 
The trash rack shall be constructed of stainless steel and installed to be rigid, durable, and corrosion resistant, and shall be designed to withstand a perpendicular live loading of 300 pounds per square foot.
(b) 
An overflow grate is designed to prevent obstruction of the overflow structure. If an outlet structure has an overflow grate, such grate shall meet the following requirements:
[1] 
The overflow grate shall be secured to the outlet structure but removable for emergencies and maintenance.
[2] 
The overflow grate spacing shall be no less than two inches across the smallest dimension.
[3] 
The overflow grate shall be constructed and installed to be rigid, durable, and corrosion resistant, and shall be designed to withstand a perpendicular live loading of 300 pounds per square foot.
(c) 
For purposes of this subsection, "escape provisions" means the permanent installation of ladders, steps, rungs, or other features that provide easily accessible means of egress from stormwater management basins. Stormwater management basins shall include escape provisions as follows:
[1] 
If a stormwater management basin has an outlet structure, escape provisions shall be incorporated in or on the structure.
[2] 
Safety ledges shall be constructed on the slopes of all new stormwater management basins having a permanent pool of water deeper than 2 1/2 feet. Such safety ledges shall be comprised of two steps. Each step shall be four to six feet in width. One step shall be located approximately two and one-half feet below the permanent water surface, and the second step shall be located one to one and one-half feet above the permanent water surface. See Subsection H(3) for an illustration of safety ledges in a stormwater management basin.
[3] 
In new stormwater management basins, the maximum interior slope for an earthen dam, embankment, or berm shall not be steeper than three horizontal to one vertical.
[4] 
Illustration of safety ledges in a new stormwater management basin.
[5] 
Provide access for maintenance and safety.
[Added 9-11-2017 by Ord. No. 13-2017]
I. 
Requirements for a site development stormwater plan.
(1) 
Submission of site development stormwater plan.
(a) 
Whenever an applicant seeks municipal approval of a development subject to this section, the applicant shall submit all of the required components of the Checklist for the Site Development Stormwater Plan at Subsection I(3) below as part of the submission of the applicant's application for subdivision or site plan approval.
(b) 
The applicant shall demonstrate that the project meets the standards set forth in this section.
(2) 
Site development stormwater plan approval. The applicant's site development stormwater plan shall be reviewed as a part of the subdivision or site plan review process. The Board's Engineer shall determine if all of the checklist requirements have been satisfied and to determine if the project meets the standards set forth in this section.
(3) 
Checklist requirements. The following information shall be required:
(a) 
Topographic base map conforming to § 158-16 or § 158-37, as appropriate. The reviewing engineer may require upstream tributary drainage system information as necessary.
(b) 
Environmental site analysis conforming to § 158-15.1 and § 160.
(c) 
A written description including completion of the checklists provided by the Township of the site plan and justification of proposed changes in natural conditions shall also be provided.
(d) 
Land use planning and source control plan. This plan shall provide a demonstration of how the goals and standards of Subsections C through F are being met. The focus of this plan shall be to describe how the site is being developed to meet the objective of controlling groundwater recharge, stormwater quality and stormwater quantity problems at the source by land management and source controls whenever possible.
(e) 
Stormwater management facilities map. The following information, illustrated on a map of the same scale as the topographic base map, shall be included:
[1] 
Total area to be paved or built upon, proposed surface contours, land area to be occupied by the stormwater management facilities and the type of vegetation thereon, and details of the proposed plan to control and dispose of stormwater.
[2] 
Details of all stormwater management facility designs, during and after construction, including discharge provisions, discharge capacity for each outlet at different levels of detention and emergency spillway provisions with maximum discharge capacity of each spillway.
(f) 
Calculations.
[1] 
Comprehensive hydrologic and hydraulic design calculations for the pre-development and post-development conditions for the design storms specified in Subsection C of this section.
[2] 
When the proposed stormwater management control measure (e.g., infiltration basins) depends on the hydrologic properties of soils, then a soils report shall be submitted. The soils report shall be based on onsite boring logs or soil pit profiles. The number and location of required soil borings or soil pits shall be determined based on what is needed to determine the suitability and distribution of soils present at the location of the control measure.
(g) 
Maintenance and repair plan. The design and planning of the stormwater management facility shall meet the maintenance requirements of Subsection J.
(h) 
Waiver from submission requirements. The Board reviewing an application under this section may, in consultation with the Municipal Engineer, waive submission of any of the requirements in Subsections I(3)(a) through I(3)(f) of this section when it can be demonstrated that the information requested is impossible to obtain or it would create a hardship on the applicant to obtain and its absence will not materially affect the review process.
J. 
Maintenance and repair.
(1) 
Applicability. Projects subject to review as in Subsection A(3) of this section shall comply with the requirements of this subsection.
(2) 
General maintenance.
(a) 
The design engineer shall prepare a maintenance plan for the stormwater management measures incorporated into the design of a major development.
(b) 
The maintenance plan shall contain specific preventative maintenance tasks and schedules; cost estimates, including estimated cost of sediment, debris, or trash removal; and the name, address, and telephone number of the person or persons responsible for preventative and corrective maintenance (including replacement). Maintenance guidelines for stormwater management measures are available in the New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual. If the maintenance plan identifies a person other than the developer (for example, a public agency or homeowners' association) as having the responsibility for maintenance, the plan shall include documentation of such person's agreement to assume this responsibility, or of the developer's obligation to dedicate a stormwater management facility to such person under an applicable section or regulation.
(c) 
Responsibility for maintenance shall not be assigned or transferred to the owner or tenant of an individual property in a residential development or project, unless such owner or tenant owns or leases the entire residential development or project.
(d) 
If the person responsible for maintenance identified under Subsection J(2)(b) above is not a public agency, the maintenance plan and any future revisions based on Subsection J(2)(g) below shall be recorded upon the deed of record for each property on which the maintenance described in the maintenance plan must be undertaken.
(e) 
Preventative and corrective maintenance shall be performed to maintain the function of the stormwater management measure, including repairs or replacement to the structure; removal of sediment, debris, or trash; restoration of eroded areas; snow and ice removal; fence repair or replacement; restoration of vegetation; and repair or replacement of nonvegetated linings.
(f) 
The person responsible for maintenance identified under Subsection J(2)(b) above shall maintain a detailed log of all preventative and corrective maintenance for the structural stormwater management measures incorporated into the design of the development, including a record of all inspections and copies of all maintenance-related work orders.
(g) 
The person responsible for maintenance identified under Subsection J(2)(b) above shall evaluate the effectiveness of the maintenance plan at least once per year and adjust the plan and the deed as needed.
(h) 
The person responsible for maintenance identified under Subsection J(2)(b) above shall retain and make available, upon request by any public entity with administrative, health, environmental, or safety authority over the site, the maintenance plan, and the documentation required by Subsections J(2)(f) and J(2)(g) above.
(i) 
The requirements of Subsections J(2)(c) and J(2)(d) do not apply to stormwater management facilities that are dedicated to and accepted by the municipality or another governmental agency.
(j) 
In the event that the stormwater management facility becomes a danger to public safety or public health, or if it is in need of maintenance or repair, the municipality shall so notify the responsible person in writing. Upon receipt of that notice, the responsible person shall have 14 days to effect maintenance and repair of the facility in a manner that is approved by the Municipal Engineer or his designee. The municipality, in its discretion, may extend the time allowed for effecting maintenance and repair for good cause. If the responsible person fails or refuses to perform such maintenance and repair, the municipality or county may immediately proceed to do so and shall bill the cost thereof to the responsible person.
(3) 
Nothing in this subsection shall preclude the municipality in which the development is located from requiring the posting of a performance or maintenance guarantee in accordance with N.J.S.A. 40:55D-53.
K. 
Enforcement. The Moorestown Township Engineer, Planning Board Engineer, the Zoning Board Engineer and the Zoning Officer shall be the enforcement agents of this section.
[Added 2-28-2011 by Ord. No. 2-2011]
A. 
Purpose of section. The Township of Moorestown finds that reducing the amount of solid waste and conservation of recyclable materials is an important public concern and is necessary to implement the requirements of the SWMA and the County Plan. Areas for the collection of recyclables on residential properties should be designed to effectuate collection of material in a safe and sanitary manner and should be sized to meet current industry standards for volumes and containers.
B. 
Statutory authority for section. This section is adopted pursuant to P.L. 1987, c. 102 (effective April 20, 1987), N.J.S.A. 40:48-2, N.J.S.A. 40:66-1 and N.J.S.A. 40:49-2.1, and any amendments adopted thereto.
C. 
Definitions. As used in this section, the following definitions shall apply:
ACT or SWMA
The Solid Waste Management Act, N.J.S.A. 13:1E-1 et seq., as amended and supplemented.
BURLINGTON COUNTY REGIONAL PROGRAM
The program utilized for the collection of those recyclable materials as designated by the Department of Solid Waste from residential curbside, participating multifamily and participating school collection programs.
CLASS A RECYCLABLE MATERIAL
Source-separated, nonputrescible, metal, glass, paper and plastic containers and corrugated and other cardboard.
COMMINGLED
A combining of source-separated recyclable materials for the purpose of recycling.
COMMON AREA RECYCLING STORAGE LOCATION
A location designed in accordance with the land use ordinances of this municipality as required for multifamily dwellings with more than 20 residential units where curbside collection is not provided under the Burlington County Regional Program.
CONDOMINIUM COMPLEX
A group of units, arranged horizontally or vertically, where the form of ownership of real property is under a master deed providing for ownership by one or more owners of units of improvements together with an undivided interest in common elements appurtenant to each such unit.
CORRUGATED AND OTHER CARDBOARD
All corrugated cardboard normally used for packing, mailing, shipping or containerizing goods, merchandise or other material, but excluding plastic, foam or wax-coated or soiled corrugated cardboard.
COUNTY
The Burlington County Board of Chosen Freeholders, and its successors and assigns, acting through the Burlington County Department of Solid Waste.
CURBSIDE DESIGNATED RECYCLABLES
Those designated recyclables that are placed for collection within the parameters of the curbside collection program as outlined herein.
CURBSIDE RECYCLING CONTAINER
A container(s) provided by the municipality or persons for the temporary storage of recyclable materials within the residential unit(s).
DEP or DEPARTMENT
The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.
DESIGNATED RECYCLABLE MATERIALS
Those recyclable materials to be source-separated in this municipality, including but not limited to aluminum cans, antifreeze, consumer electronics, corrugated cardboard, fluorescent lights, glass containers, lead acid batteries, leaves, metal appliances, paper, plastic bottles (coded No. 1 and No. 2), rechargeable batteries, steel (tin) cans, textiles, tires and used motor oil.
DSW
The Burlington County Department of Solid Waste, its successors and assigns.
FIBER
All newspaper, fine paper, bond paper, junk mail, office paper, magazines, paperback books, school paper, catalogs, computer paper, telephone books, chipboard, corrugated and other cardboard and similar cellulosic material, whether shredded or whole, but excluding wax paper, plastic or foil-coated paper, thermal fax paper, carbon paper, blueprint paper, food-contaminated paper, soiled paper and cardboard.
MOBILE HOME PARK
Any park, including a trailer park or camp, equipped to handle mobile homes sited on a year-round basis, as defined in N.J.S.A. 2A: 18-61.7 et seq.
MULTIFAMILY DWELLING
Any building or structure or complex of buildings or structures in which three or more dwelling units are rented or leased or offered for rental or lease for residential purposes, whether privately or publicly financed, except hotels, motels or other guest houses serving transient or seasonal guests, as those terms are defined under Subsection (j) of Section 3 of the Hotel and Multiple Dwelling Law, P.L. 1967, c. 76 (N.J.S.A. 55: 13A-1 et seq.), and N.J.S.A 40:66-1.2 et seq.
MUNICIPALITY
The Township of Moorestown, located within the County of Burlington, State of New Jersey.
MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE
Residential, commercial and institutional solid waste generated within a community.
PAPER
All newspaper, fine paper, bond paper, junk mail, office paper, magazines, paperback books, school paper, catalogs, computer paper, telephone books and similar cellulosic material, whether shredded or whole, but excluding tissue and towel paper, wax paper, plastic or foil-coated paper, thermal fax paper, carbon paper, NCR paper, blueprint paper and food-contaminated or soiled paper.
PERSON
Any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, association, cooperative enterprise, trust, municipal authority, federal institution or agency, state institution or agency, municipality, other governmental agency, or any other entity or any group of such persons, which is recognized by law as the subject of rights and duties.
QUALIFIED PRIVATE COMMUNITY
A residential condominium, cooperative or fee-simple community or horizontal property regime, the residents of which do not receive any tax abatement or tax exemption related to its construction, comprised of a community trust or other trust device, condominium association, homeowners' association or council of co-owners, wherein the cost of maintaining roads and streets and providing essential services is paid for by a not-for profit entity consisting exclusively of unit owners within the community. No apartment building or garden apartment complex owned by an individual or entity that receives monthly rental payments from tenants who occupy the premises shall be considered a "qualified private community." No proprietary campground facility, as defined in Section 1 of P.L. 1993, c. 258 (N.J.S.A. 45: 22A-49), shall be considered to be a "qualified private community."
RECYCLABLE MATERIALS
Materials that would otherwise become solid waste that can be separated, collected and/or processed and returned to the economic mainstream in the form of raw materials or products.
RECYCLING
Any process by which materials which would otherwise become solid waste are collected, separated or processed and returned to the economic mainstream in the form of raw materials or products.
RESIDENT
Any person residing within the municipality on a temporary or permanent basis, but excluding persons residing in hotels or motels.
SOLID WASTE
Garbage, refuse and other discarded materials, as defined in N.J.S.A. 13:1E-1 et seq. and N.J.S.A. 48:13A-1 et seq.
SOURCE-SEPARATED
Recyclable materials separated from the solid waste stream at the point of generation.
SWMA
The New Jersey Solid Waste Management Act, as amended.
D. 
Design of containment areas for designated recyclable materials on residential sites.
(1) 
Design standards for common area recycling storage locations.
(a) 
In accordance with the Municipal Recycling Ordinance located at Chapter 140, every multifamily dwelling, qualified private community and mobile home park within the Township of Moorestown shall be required to provide, for the use of its residents, centralized and common locations on its property for the storage, prior to collection, of source-separated recyclables generated by the residents of the property.
(b) 
Each common area recycling storage location shall, at a minimum, conform to the following standards:
[1] 
The dimensions of the recycling storage location shall be sufficient to accommodate recycling containers which are of size and number as required by the DSW and which are consistent with current methods of collection utilized by the Burlington County Regional Program or the private collection company being utilized. The following tables indicate the minimum container capacity requirements for weekly recycling service and common container dimensions.
Minimum Container Capacity Requirements for Weekly Recycling Service
Dual-Stream Collection
Fiber
(paper and cardboard)
Commingled
(bottles and cans)
Non-age-restricted complex
1 cubic yard of capacity for every 15 dwelling units
0.47 cubic yard (96 gallons) of capacity for every 18 dwelling units
Age-restricted complex
1 cubic yard of capacity for every 20 dwelling units
0.47 cubic yard (96 gallons) of capacity for every 24 dwelling units
Single-Stream Collection
Fiber and Commingled
Non-age-restricted complex
2 cubic yards of capacity for every 20 units
Age-restricted complex
1.4 cubic yards of capacity for every 20 units
Common Container Dimensions
Size
(cubic yards)
Length
(inches)
Width
(inches)
Height
(inches)
1
72
24
29
2
72
34
45 (rear)/34 (front)
3
72
43
48 (rear)/40 (front)
4
72
51
56 (rear)/46 (front)
6
80
66
71 (rear)/47 (front)
8
80
71
86 (rear)/53 (front)
[2] 
Unless expressly prohibited by a municipality, or not feasible due to existing site constraints, recycling containers for all Class A designated recyclables shall be co-located at all solid waste collection areas within the complex.
[3] 
The recycling storage locations shall be conveniently located for the residential disposition of source-separated recyclable materials, preferably co-located with, but clearly separated from, refuse containers.
[4] 
Outdoor recycling storage locations shall include a concrete pad of the size as specified herein. The dimensions of the recycling storage location shall provide sufficient area for the required container(s).[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See the Common Area Recycling Storage Location (Dual Stream) Detail included at the end of this chapter.
[5] 
The recycling storage locations shall be well lit and shall be safely and easily accessible by recycling personnel and vehicles. Collection vehicles shall be able to access the recycling areas without interference from parked cars or other obstacles. The following turning template can be used to plan vehicular accessibility to recycling storage locations:[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: The "turning template" (Collection Vehicle Approach Detail) is included at the end of this chapter.
[6] 
Reasonable measures shall be taken to protect the recycling areas and the bins or containers placed therein against theft of recyclable materials or the bins or containers themselves.
[7] 
Signs, as approved by the DSW, clearly identifying the recycling areas and the materials accepted therein shall be posted adjacent to all points of access to the recycling areas.
[8] 
Each recycling area shall be enclosed on three sides by a solid fence or masonry enclosure six feet in height and shall be surrounded by landscaping. A durable, closable access gate on the fourth side should be provided.
(2) 
Recycling container storage design standards; new residential construction. In order to facilitate recycling in all new construction and to avoid the creation of unhealthful or cramped storage situations, sufficient storage shall be available for recycling containers within all new construction of residential housing.
(a) 
Recycling storage locations. Curbside recycling container storage locations shall not include basements that require the negotiation of stairs or any location either above or below the finished grade. Locations shall be on a hard-wearing, smooth, continuous surface with access to a path with a width no less than three feet and headroom of not less than seven feet.
(b) 
Single-family and two-family dwellings. Each residential dwelling unit shall be designed to provide a curbside recycling storage container storage location containing, at a minimum, dimensions (length by width by height) of no less than 36 inches by 32 inches by 84 inches per unit. The location shall be clearly marked as such on floor plans of the dwelling unit if to be located inside the dwelling unit. If to be located outside the dwelling unit, adequate storage space for the container shall be identified on the property survey. This shall be done at the time of subdivision approval, if applicable, or at the time of zoning or building permit application.
(c) 
Multifamily and condominium complex dwellings. Curbside recycling container storage locations shall be provided for each multifamily and condominium complex dwelling where common area recycling storage locations are not otherwise provided. Each multifamily and condominium complex dwelling unit shall be designed to provide a curbside recycling container storage location containing, at a minimum, dimensions (length by width by height) of no less than 36 inches by 32 inches by 84 inches per unit. The location shall be clearly marked as such on floor plans of the dwelling unit if to be located inside the dwelling unit. If to be located outside the dwelling unit, adequate storage space for the container shall be identified on the site plans or subdivision plans.
E. 
Construction. The terms and provisions of this section are to be liberally construed so as best to achieve and to effectuate the goals and purposes hereof. This section shall be construed in pari materi with the SWMA and the County Plan.
[Amended 12-17-2001 by Ord. No. 1981-01; 11-14-2005 by Ord. No. 32-2005]
A. 
General provisions. The following general provisions shall apply to the installation and design of landscapes and streetscapes:
(1) 
All land areas not covered with buildings, parking, other impervious surfaces or set aside for preservation shall be landscaped with suitable materials. Landscaping shall consist of trees, shrubs, ground cover, perennials, and annuals, singly or in common, as well as other inanimate materials such as rocks, water, sculpture, art, walls, fences, and paving materials.
(2) 
A landscape plan shall be provided as part of site plan and subdivision submissions in accordance with § 158-7. Every applicant for subdivision or site plan approval shall comply with the standards set forth in this section. The municipal agency may require modifications to the landscape plan, including additional plant and/or landscaping materials, to create an appropriate scheme for the site given the nature of the site and the proposed development.
(3) 
Plant survivability, susceptibility to disease and insects, colors, textures, shapes, blossoms, foliage characteristics and drought tolerance shall be considered in the overall design of a landscape plan.
(4) 
All plants shall be tolerant of specific site conditions. Local soil conditions and water availability as well as surface drainage patterns shall be considered in the choice of landscaping and plant selection. The use of indigenous species is preferred. Exotic, nonnative or invasive plant species are prohibited.
(5) 
In the design process, the eventual maturity of the plant shall be considered for its effect on circulation patterns, solar access, site lighting, surface drainage, underground utilities (including stormwater management facilities), emergency access and relationship to buildings and the streetscape. Trees shall be planted no closer than seven feet measured horizontally from utilities and drainage pipes. Plants shall not be planted to obstruct surface drainage.
(6) 
All landscape plants shall conform to the standards of the American Association of Nurserymen for quality and installation.
B. 
Street trees. All land development shall comply with the following street tree standards.
(1) 
Spacing.
(a) 
A minimum of one tree for every 50 linear feet of street frontage(s) shall be required.
(b) 
Trees shall be planted at regular intervals, but the spacing may be adjusted due to the location of utility poles and/or driveways, as approved by the municipal agency’s engineer.
(2) 
Location.
(a) 
Trees shall be installed along the entire length of the street frontage(s) of the property, all in accordance with an approved landscape plan.
(b) 
In all zoning districts, other than the Specially Restricted Industrial (SRI), trees shall be centered between the curb or edge of cartway, and the sidewalk or bikeway in a planting strip having a minimum width of six feet. If necessary, the sidewalk or bikeway may be placed in a public access easement of sufficient size outside of the street right-of-way in order to provide a planting strip having a minimum width of six feet. If there is no sidewalk or bikeway, trees shall be centered between the curb or edge of cartway and the street right-of-way line.
(c) 
In the Specially Restricted Industrial (SRI) District, trees shall be placed outside the street right-of-way, on the abutting lot, but not more than 15 feet from the street right-of-way line. Trees planted outside the right-of-way shall be placed within an appropriate easement and adequate area shall be provided for watering, air circulation and root growth.
(d) 
At least 100 square feet of planting area shall be available for each tree.
(e) 
Trees shall not be planted in any utility, drainage or sight easement.
(f) 
Existing vegetation, if preserved as part of a land development application approval, may be considered by the municipal agency as an alternative to the installation of the required street trees.
(g) 
All trees, and alternatives thereto in Subsection B(2)(f) above, shall be inspected and approved by the municipal agency’s engineer prior to release of the performance guarantee.
(3) 
Species.
(a) 
All trees shall be selected from and shall be planted according to guidelines as are periodically recommended by the Tree Planting and Preservation Committee in a document entitled "Recommended Trees for Moorestown Streets," which is kept on file with the Department of Community Development.
[Amended 8-19-2019 by Ord. No. 22-2019]
(b) 
Species of trees shall be mixed according to the following:
Total Number of Trees to Be Planted
Minimum Number of Species
Maximum Number of Any One Species
1 to 5
1
100%
6 to 15
2
50%
16 to 30
3
40%
31 to 50
4
30%
51 +
7
20%
(4) 
Size. The minimum planting size shall be 2 1/2 inches caliper (DBH) for trees, balled and burlapped.
(5) 
Planting specifications, inspection and maintenance. All trees shall be planted according to the following specifications:
(a) 
Natural root flares for all trees shall be visible at final inspection and mulch and soil shall be applied appropriately.
(b) 
Tree wrap may only be utilized with the approval of the certified tree expert after the certified tree expert has made the initial tree inspection.
(c) 
Trees shall be installed plumb and not leaning in any direction.
(d) 
Trees shall be watered-in at time of planting with at least five gallons of water per tree.
(e) 
Trees shall be free from all abrasions, cuts, scrapes, "buck rub" or any other injuries.
(f) 
Root balls shall conform to the standards establishes by the American Nursery Standards Institute (ANSI) for width and depth and shall be in a solid condition. All twine, string and fabric shall be removed from the top 1/3 of the root ball after placement in the tree pit. All synthetic material and all wire baskets shall be completely removed from the root ball.
(g) 
No planting of trees shall take place between June 15 and October 15. A certificate of occupancy for a property may be issued during this period, provided that a performance guarantee has been posted and accepted in accordance with § 158-9.
(h) 
Planting of trees shall take place after final grading is complete, but may take place prior to topsoiling, seeding and sodding.
(i) 
Trees shall be inspected by the municipal agency engineer both before and after planting. A request for inspection must be made at least 48 hours prior to tree planting.
(j) 
Provision shall be made by the developer for regular watering and maintenance until all trees are established. Damaged, poorly performing, dead or dying trees shall be replaced by the developer during the next suitable planting season. The municipal agency engineer shall have final approval of all locations and planting of trees and shall order replacement or replanting if planting stock, planting methods or locations do not meet standards.
(6) 
Trees within the Burlington County right-of-way shall be installed in accordance with the then-current agreement between the Township and the Board of Chosen Freeholders of the County of Burlington, a copy of which shall be on file in the office of the Township Clerk.
C. 
Site landscaping standards.
(1) 
Minimum planting sizes. The following minimum plant sizes shall be required:
(a) 
Evergreen trees. The minimum planting height shall be six feet, except when used in a landscape buffer between residential and non-residential uses the minimum planting height shall be seven feet.
(b) 
Evergreen and deciduous shrubs in landscape buffers. The minimum planting height shall be three feet, except that the minimum planting height for arborvitae shall be five feet.
(c) 
Evergreen and deciduous shrubs not in landscape buffers. The minimum planting height shall be two feet.
(d) 
Ornamental trees. The minimum size shall be 1 1/2 inches in caliper (DBH) at the time of planting.
(e) 
Deciduous trees (other than ornamental and street trees). The minimum size shall be 2 1/2 inches in caliper (DBH) at the time of planting.
(2) 
Planting specifications, inspections and maintenance. Same as § 158-26B(5) above.
(3) 
Where berms are required in Chapter 180 (Zoning), the cross sections and profile designs of streets, street trees, sidewalks and bikeways, berms and landscape buffers shall conform to the illustrations below.
(4) 
Berms shall be constructed of soil, not fill and shall be free of stones, stumps, roots, or other woody material over one inch in diameter. There shall be no construction debris or trash of any kind in the berm. Placement of soil for the berm shall be in lifts of 12 to 18 inches and loosely compacted. At least six inches of topsoil shall be spread over the surface of the berm.
(5) 
Berms shall be:
(a) 
Continuous in the buffer area or overlapping so as to appear continuous and shall vary in height in profile view. Each berm shall be at the height specified in each zoning district for at least 70% of its length. The remainder shall be no lower than the minimum height shown in the attached berm illustrations.
(b) 
In cross-section view, the crest of the berm shall be relatively flat. Each berm shall be at the height specified in each zoning district for at least 70% of its length.
(c) 
In plan view, the berm shall be curvilinear.
(6) 
Berms shall not have slopes with width/height ratio of greater than 3:1.
(7) 
The height of the berm shall be measured from the toe of the slope to the top of the berm.
(8) 
All berms three feet or greater in height shall be permanently irrigated using low-impact irrigation such as drip irrigation or shall be landscaped using drought-tolerant plants set forth in Appendix B, Drought Tolerant Plant List.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Appendix B is included at the end of this chapter.
(9) 
Landscape buffers.
(a) 
Landscape buffers shall consist of a combination of deciduous trees, coniferous and evergreen trees, evergreen and deciduous shrubs, and, if required by the municipal agency, berms, fences or walls in sufficient quantities and sizes designed to continuously limit the view of and/or sound from the site to adjacent sites or properties.
(b) 
Landscape buffers shall be continuous except for access drives as approved by the municipal agency.
(c) 
Landscape buffers shall be densely planted but the planting shall not constitute a monoculture.
[1] 
Plant material shall be a combination of deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs in the following proportions:
[a] 
Evergreen trees: 40%.
[b] 
Evergreen shrubs: 20%.
[c] 
Deciduous trees: 20%.
[d] 
Deciduous shrubs: 20%.
[2] 
Plant variety. A minimum of two different genera of plants shall be incorporated for each type, e.g., evergreen trees, deciduous trees, evergreen and deciduous shrubs.
(d) 
Stormwater management facilities, parking, dumpster enclosures, accessory buildings or other aboveground structures and similar encroachments shall not be permitted in the required buffer area except as otherwise permitted in Chapter 180.
(e) 
An easement shall be provided encompassing the area of the landscape buffer and shall identify maintenance responsibilities.
(f) 
Existing vegetation may be considered by the municipal agency as an alternative to the installation of a landscape buffer.
No topsoil shall be removed from the site or used as spoil. Topsoil moved during the course of construction shall be redistributed so as to provide at least six inches of cover to all areas of the subdivision and shall be stabilized by seeding or planting.
Monuments shall be of the size and shape required by Section 4 of Chapter 358 of the Laws of 1953, and shall be placed in accordance with said statute.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See now N.J.S.A. 46:23-9.9 et seq.
A. 
Cement. Portland cement shall comply with the Standard Specifications for Portland Cement, (ASTM) Designation C-150, and shall be Standard Type 1.
B. 
Coarse aggregate.
(1) 
Coarse aggregate shall consist of gravel, slag or other approved inert materials with similar characteristics or combinations thereof, having clean, hard, durable, uncoated particles free from deleterious matter.
(2) 
The coarse aggregate shall meet the following grading specifications, passing the following sieves:
C. 
Fine aggregate.
(1) 
Fine aggregate shall consist of natural sand, manufactured sand or a combination thereof.
(2) 
Fine aggregate shall meet the following grading requirements, passing the following sieve sizes:
(3) 
Fine aggregate shall be free of injurious amounts of organic impurities and shall conform to ASTM Designation C 33-55T for fine aggregate. The contractor shall provide the Township Engineer or his authorized representative with certified delivery slips from the concrete company, certifying that the aggregates meet the above specifications prior to placing concrete on the job.
D. 
Mixing water. Mixing water shall be clean and free from oil, acid and injurious amounts of vegetable matter, alkalies or other salts.
E. 
Class of concrete.
(1) 
Concrete for curb and gutter or sidewalk shall be Class A, having a twenty-eight-day compressive strength of 3,000 pounds.
(2) 
At least six bags of cement shall be used per cubic yard.
(3) 
Not over six gallons of water shall be used per bag.
(4) 
The ratio of fine aggregate to coarse shall not exceed 1 to 2 or be less than 1 to 1.
F. 
Slump of concrete. All concrete shall be placed at a slump of four inches to five inches.
G. 
Tests on concrete. During the progress of the work, the contractor shall make concrete test specimens in accordance with ASTM Designation C 31-55. Not fewer than three specimens shall be made for each test, nor fewer than one test for each 100 cubic yards or fraction thereof of concrete used.
[Added 6-27-1966 by Ord. No. 505]
A. 
As part of and as a condition for approval for each application for development, site plans and subdivisions in all zoning districts, other than applications for variances, signs, minor site plans and conditional uses, all new or existing electric, telephone, cable, telecommunications, data and other public or private utility lines required to service the property or any lots to be created thereon and including those lines which run along the property at the street or public right-of-way shall be installed or relocated underground.
[Added 5-18-1998 by Ord. No. 1854-98]
B. 
The posts used for lighting shall be of a type approved by the Department of Public Works and the public utility rendering service in the area. A preliminary layout prepared by the public utility rendering service in the area shall be submitted to the Township for approval of the location and intensity of the lighting fixtures.
[Added 5-8-1982 by Ord. No. 705]
C. 
All residential service boxes for electric, telephone and other public utility lines shall be screened from view by using evergreen shrubs which shall be three feet tall at the time of planting around the front and both sides of the box as seen from the public right-of-way. The service boxes shall be open on the fourth side to provide for maintenance by the utility companies. A landscaping plan shall be required as a condition of preliminary subdivision approval; the plantings shall be required to be bonded as a condition of final subdivision approval.
[Added 9-28-1992 by Ord. No. 1620-92]
[Added 3-25-1968 by Ord. No. 571]
A. 
In residential subdivisions, fire hydrants shall be located so that the distance from any building frontage to a fire hydrant is not more than 600 feet, measured along the curb. In commercial and industrial subdivisions, standards of the pertinent fire insurance rating association shall apply. Fire hydrants shall be of a type approved by the Department of Public Works.
B. 
Hydrants will be furnished by the developer and will be equipped with a gate valve so that the hydrant can be isolated from the rest of the system. Costs of the required hydrants, valves and piping shall be included in the surety bond or other form of performance guaranty required under § 158-9.
[Added 5-8-1972 by Ord. No. 705]
The street and lot layout of a nonresidential subdivision shall be appropriate to the land use for which the subdivision is proposed and shall conform to the proposed land use and standards established in the General Development Plan and Chapter 180, Zoning, and with the principles and standards of this chapter which are appropriate to the planning of all subdivisions. In addition, the subdivider shall comply with the following:
A. 
The subdivider shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Planning Board that the proposed street and block pattern will permit the logical development of neighboring tracts and that provision has been made for the extension of power, sewer, water and other utilities into neighboring tracts which can be similarly developed.
B. 
Street rights-of-way and cartway width and street paving shall be adequate to accommodate the type, weight and volume of traffic which is anticipated, in accordance with Township specifications.
C. 
Streets and railroads (where included) shall be arranged to minimize accident hazards within the site, to avoid traffic conflicts on adjacent or connecting streets and to assure adequate circulation through the entire subdivision.
D. 
Off-street parking areas shall be paved according to specifications of the Township and shall be laid out with raised barriers or painted stalls to facilitate convenient and efficient use. If intended for night use, off-street parking areas shall be suitably illuminated.
E. 
Off-street space for truck loading and unloading shall be provided for commercial and industrial uses. Delivery and refuse trucks should be able to service each use from a location on the lot and to maneuver without hazard to those using the parking spaces. Adjacent residential areas shall be protected from potential nuisance by the proposed nonresidential use by such means as providing extra depth to lots which back up on residential areas, arrangement of lighting facilities and by making provision for permanently landscaped buffer areas along residential district boundary lines.
F. 
Streets intended for truck traffic shall not normally be extended to residential district boundaries or connected to predominately residential streets.
G. 
As part of and as a condition for approval for each application for all development or site plans, other than applications for variances, signs, minor site plans and conditional uses, the applicant shall comply with the residential site improvement standards promulgated at N.J.A.C. 5:21-7.1 through N.J.A.C. 5:21-7.6, as amended.
[Added 1-26-1998 by Ord. No. 1845-98]
H. 
Detention facilities shall be required as a condition of approval where the peak rate or volume of runoff on the property or adjacent thereto in its post development condition will exceed the peak rate or volume of runoff in the precondition for storms with a minimum return period of 100 years.
[Added 1-26-1998 by Ord. No. 1845-98]
I. 
Conservation design approach shall be applied to any major subdivision or major site plan. Conservation design approach shall be applied to any tract five acres or more in R-1 and R-1-A Districts, and any tract three acres or more in R-2 Districts.
[Added 9-22-2008 by Ord. No. 22-2008]
(1) 
All conservation design subdivisions shall include documentation of a four-step design process in determining the layout of proposed conservation area lands, building sites, streets and lot lines, as described below.
(a) 
Step 1: delineation of conservation area lands.
[1] 
Conservation area lands (the undeveloped portions of nonresidential subdivisions and site plans) shall include all primary conservation areas and those parts of the remaining buildable lands with the highest resource significance, as described in § 158-17G, Resource conservation and conservation area delineation standards.
[2] 
Proposed conservation area lands shall be designated using the existing resources and site analysis map as a base map and complying with Article XXX, Conservation Area Land Use and Design Standards, of the Zoning Ordinance and § 158-17G, Resource conservation and conservation area delineation standards, of the Subdivision Ordinance, dealing with resource conservation and conservation area delineation standards. Primary conservation areas shall be delineated comprising floodplains, wetlands and slopes over 20%.
[3] 
In delineating secondary conservation areas, the applicant shall prioritize natural and cultural resources on the tract in terms of their highest to least suitabilities for inclusion in the proposed conservation area, in consultation with the Planning Board.
(b) 
Step 2: location of building sites, accessory structures and parking lots. Potential building sites shall be tentatively located, using the proposed conservation area lands as a base map as well as other relevant data on the existing resources and site analysis map such as topography and soils. Building sites should generally be located not closer than 50 feet from primary conservation areas and 25 feet from secondary conservation areas, taking into consideration the potential negative impacts of development on such areas as well as the potential positive benefits of such locations to provide attractive views and visual settings for buildings.
(c) 
Step 3: alignment of streets and trails. Upon designating the building sites, a street plan shall be designed to provide vehicular access, if appropriate, complying with the standards in § 158-17B herein, and bearing a logical relationship to topographic conditions. Impacts of the street plan on proposed conservation area lands shall be minimized, particularly with respect to crossing environmentally sensitive areas such as wetlands. Street connections shall generally be encouraged to minimize the number of new cul-de-sacs to be maintained by the municipality and to facilitate access to and from buildings in different parts of the tract (and adjoining parcels).
(d) 
Step 4: drawing in the lot lines. If appropriate given the proposed development, lot lines are drawn as required to delineate the boundaries of individual building lots.
(2) 
Applicants shall be prepared to submit four separate sketch maps indicating the findings of each step of the design process to the Planning Board during preliminary and final approval as required in § 158-7.3, Sketch plan review by the Planning Board, and § 158-8.1, Four-step design process for tracts five acres or more in the R-1 and R-1-A Districts and tracts 3 acres or more in R-2 Districts.
[Amended 3-25-1968 by Ord. No. 571]
A. 
Plans and specifications.
(1) 
Plans and specifications for all improvements are subject to review and approval by the Township Engineer, in accordance with the standards of this chapter and with recognized engineering standards, in the best long-term interests of the Township.
(2) 
Plans and specifications for all improvements shall be prepared by a licensed professional engineer of the State of New Jersey and shall be sealed and certified by said engineer.
[Added 5-8-1972 by Ord. No. 705]
B. 
Construction of the above-listed improvements shall be subject to inspection and approval by the Department of Public Works, which shall be notified by the developer at least seven days prior to the start of construction. No underground installation shall be covered until inspected and approved. Contracts for proposed improvements may be let only to contractors who can show prior experience in the particular field of work. Contractors awarded contracts by developers for construction of these improvements shall obtain clearance from the Department of Public Works before beginning to work.
[Amended 1-12-1977 by Ord. No. 853]
C. 
Mains.
[Amended 5-8-1972 by Ord. No. 705]
(1) 
As a condition precedent to approval by the Department of Public Works and acceptance by the Township of installed and completed improvements, the subdivider shall deliver to the Department of Public Works two sets of as-built plans. The as-built plans shall be supplied in digital format and as required in Subsection C(2) below. As-built plans shall be prepared by a licensed land surveyor in the State of New Jersey.
[Amended 6-27-2011 by Ord. No. 24-2011]
(2) 
As-built plans shall generally consist of a reproducible tracing, at a scale not smaller than 100 feet to the inch. The reproducible tracing shall be in such condition that the information shown thereon shall be legible upon reproduction by any normal process. Transparencies of the original tracing may be used as as-built plans, provided that notations are made thereon showing alterations or changes which have occurred during the field construction.
(3) 
As-built plans of waterlines shall show the diameter, length and type of the main, points of connection with individual service lines, depth of the main, as measured below the surface of the street, size and type of fittings, size and type of valves, size and type of hydrants and location of the main with reference to distance from curblines, expressed in feet measured to the nearest 1/10 of a foot, in order that the main may be relocated at a future date a minimum of two distances to each gate valve measured from the center line of the nearest intersecting street and from a curbline, and the location of hydrants.
(4) 
As-built plans of sanitary sewers shall show the length, size and type of the main, and profiles shall be submitted showing the depth of the main. The elevation of the inverts and the slope of the pipe shall be shown on both said plans and profiles. The locations of all manholes measured from the center lines of the nearest intersections and distances between manholes shall be shown. The plans and/or profiles shall also show the location of each manhole not in the center line of the street, measured from the side of the street and from the curbline, the depth of each manhole, measured to the nearest 1/10 of a foot, and the location of Y's and house connections from the nearest lowest manhole and indicated whether on the right side or the left side.
(5) 
As-built plans of storm sewers and underdrains shall show the same information, where applicable, as as-built plans and profiles required above for sanitary sewers.
(6) 
As-built plans of the stormwater management facilities shall be provided which include the location of all stormwater management basins and stormwater management facilities, the size of the basins, cross section of the basins, capacity of the basin as built compared to as designed, as well as all wetlands areas, wetlands buffers, floodplains, flood hazard areas, wetlands transition areas and all restricted areas of the project.
[Added 6-27-2011 by Ord. No. 24-2011]
(7) 
Any applicant whose development requires a flood hazard area application to NJDEP shall submit the floodplain data to the Township in digital format. This information shall be included on the as-built plans submitted for approval and filed with the Township.
[Added 6-27-2011 by Ord. No. 24-2011]
[Added 1-12-1977 by Ord. No. 853]
No certificate of conformity shall be issued for any dwelling unit before the base course of every street and sidewalk designed to serve said dwelling unit has been completed or before streetlights designed to serve the area of the dwelling unit have been installed, provided that the municipal agency may, in its discretion, authorize occupancy in particular cases where said base course has not been completed and/or where streetlights have not been installed only because of circumstances beyond the control of the subdivider and where occupancy will not impair the subdivision plan or be detrimental to the best interests of the Township and the occupants of the dwelling unit or units involved.
[Added 5-8-1972 by Ord. No. 705]
The subdivider shall have responsibility for maintenance of all streets, stormwater drainage, sanitary sewer and water mains and related improvements and maintenance functions, including responsibility for snow removal and street cleaning and costs for all of same, prior to acceptance of improvements by the Township. The subdivider shall advise each occupant within the subdivision of the subdivider's responsibility hereunder prior to occupancy.