Town of Barton, WI
Washington County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
No obstructions permitted. No visual obstructions, such as structures, parking, or vegetation, shall be permitted in any district between the heights of 2.5 feet and 10 feet above the plane through the mean curb grades within the triangular space formed by any two existing or proposed intersecting street or alley right-of-way lines and a line joining points on such lines, located a minimum of 30 feet from their intersection.
B. 
Corner cutoff distances for intersecting arterial and/or collector streets. In the case of arterial and/or collector streets intersecting with other arterial and/or collector streets, the corner vision clearance distances establishing the triangular vision clearance space shall be 60 feet from the two intersecting street right-of-way lines and a line joining the two points on such lines. No visual obstructions, such as structures, parking, or vegetation, shall be permitted in any such triangular vision clearance space.
In all districts and in connection with every use, there shall be provided, at the time any use or building is erected, enlarged, extended, or increased, off-street parking stalls for all vehicles in accordance with the following:
A. 
Adequate access. Adequate access to a public street shall be provided for each parking space, and driveways shall be at least 12 feet wide for one- and two-family dwellings and a minimum of 24 feet wide for all other uses. Each required off-street parking space shall open directly onto an aisle or driveway that is wide enough to provide safe and efficient means of vehicular access to the parking space.
B. 
Minimum parking space size. The size of each parking space shall be not less than 180 square feet nor less than nine feet in width, exclusive of the space required for ingress and egress.
C. 
Minimum required parking lot setbacks and screening/landscaping.
(1) 
General. Any building hereafter erected or structurally altered shall be provided with off-street parking spaces within the property line limits of the property being served, or within the limits of a common parking lot serving one or more buildings, and in no case closer than 10 feet to the base setback line, including front yard, side yard, and rear yard.
(2) 
Minimum screening and landscaping requirements to be met when off-street parking areas abut the R-1, R-2, R-3, R-4, R-5, R-6, R-7 or R-8 Residential District. All off-street parking areas, except in the R-1, R-2, R-3, R-4, R-5, R-6, R-7 or R-8 Residential District, shall be screened and maintained at the base setback from any abutting R-1, R-2, R-3, R-4, R-5, R-6, R-7 or R-8 Residential District pursuant to the buffer yard and landscape requirements set forth in Article XVIII of this chapter. All screening and plant materials shall be a minimum of six feet in height at the time of installation.
(3) 
Minimum off-street parking setback when the R-1, R-2, R-3, R-4, R-5, R-6, R-7, R-8, R-9, R-10 or PUD Residential District abut. In the R-1, R-2, R-3, R-4, R-5, R-6, R-7, R-8, R-9, R-10 or PUD Residential District, no parking stall or driveway shall be closer than six feet to a side lot line of an abutting R-1, R-2, R-3, R-4, R-5, R-6, R-7, R-8, R-9, R-10 or PUD Residential District, except where the Zoning Board of Appeals grants a variance.
(4) 
Minimum distance of truck parking from any residential zoning district. No truck parking shall be allowed within 150 feet of any residential zoning district.
D. 
Off-street parking area surfacing. All open, off-street loading, vehicular drives, and parking spaces shall be improved with pavement of either asphalt or concrete and stormwater drainage facilities as approved by the Town Engineer. This subsection shall not apply to single-family residential districts or to single-family detached dwellings in the R-9 or R-10 Residential District. Open, off-street loading, vehicular drives, and parking spaces associated with mini storage facilities located within the LM Limited Manufacturing District do not need to be improved with pavement of either asphalt or concrete if the following conditions are met:
[Amended 6-18-2002 by Ord. No. 02-007]
(1) 
A stable compacted, dust-free gravel, crushed stone, and/or crushed asphaltic material is provided for all areas proposed for open off-street loading, parking spaces, and vehicular drive areas. No such compacted, dust-free gravel, crushed stone, and/or crushed asphaltic material shall be allowed to be placed within any required landscape area or within any landscape surface ratio area.
(2) 
All such gravel, crushed stone and/or crushed asphaltic material areas shall be contained within designated areas as indicated on a site plan, shall be well-maintained by the owner in a state of good repair, shall be free of noxious weeds, shall not contribute to nor be subjected to soil erosion, and shall not pose any access hazards for access by emergency vehicles at all times.
(3) 
For the purposes of this section and the definition of "landscaping" as set forth within § 500-201 of this chapter notwithstanding, such gravel, crushed stone, and/or crushed asphaltic material used for the surfacing of open off-street loading, vehicular drives, and parking spaces associated with mini storage facilities in the LM Limited Manufacturing District shall not be considered landscaping.
E. 
Concrete curb and gutter required for all off-street parking areas. Except for off-street parking spaces associated with mini storage facilities located within the LM Limited Manufacturing District which are not improved with pavement of either asphalt or concrete, concrete curb and gutter meeting Town specifications shall be required for all off-street parking areas serving more than five vehicles in all nonresidential zoning districts and in the R-9, R-10 and PUD Districts. This requirement shall also apply to the expansion of any existing off-street parking lot where the number of off-street parking spaces is increased by 20 spaces or more.
[Amended 6-18-2002 by Ord. No. 02-007]
F. 
Off-street parking stalls. Except for off-street parking spaces associated with mini storage facilities located within the LM Limited Manufacturing District which are not improved with pavement of either asphalt or concrete, off-street parking stalls shall be marked by painted lines or other approved material and shall be maintained so as to be legible at all times.
[Amended 6-18-2002 by Ord. No. 02-007]
G. 
Landscaping. All public off-street parking areas which serve five vehicles or more and are created or redesigned and rebuilt subsequent to the adoption of this chapter shall be provided with accessory landscape areas meeting all applicable requirements of Article XVIII of this chapter.
H. 
Parking spaces for use by persons with disabilities. All open, off-street parking areas shall provide parking spaces for persons with disabilities meeting all applicable "Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities," as documented in the Federal Register, Vol. 56, No. 144, July 26, 1991, as amended. Unless conflicting with the above-specified "Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities" requirements, as amended, the following standards are applicable:
(1) 
Minimum required number of accessible off-street parking spaces for use by persons with disabilities. The following Table 500-117H shall apply. The minimum required number of accessible off-street parking spaces for use by persons with disabilities shall be considered as a part of the total off-street parking spaces required.
Table 500-117H
Minimum Required Number of Accessible Off-Street Parking Spaces
Total Number of Off-Street Parking Spaces in Parking Lot or Area
Minimum Required Number of Accessible Off-Street Parking Spaces
1 to 25
1
26 to 50
2
51 to 75
3
76 to 100
4
101 to 150
5
151 to 200
6
201 to 300
7
301 to 400
8
401 to 500
9
501 to 1,000
2% of total
1,001 and over
20, plus 1 for each 100 over 1,000
(2) 
Minimum dimensions for off-street parking spaces provided for use by persons with disabilities. The minimum dimensions for all parking spaces provided for use by persons with disabilities shall be 13 feet wide by 20 feet long for automobiles and 16 feet wide by 20 feet long for vans.
(3) 
Distance to facility entrances for the location of off-street parking for persons with disabilities. Off-street parking spaces provided for the use of persons with disabilities shall be located as close as possible to an entrance which allows such persons to enter and leave the parking area without assistance.
(4) 
Signage of off-street parking spaces serving persons with disabilities. All parking spaces provided for the use of disabled persons shall be marked by a sign which includes the international symbol for barrier-free environments and a statement informing the public that the parking space is reserved for use by disabled persons. Such signs shall comply with the requirements of the aforementioned "Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities," as amended, and with §§ 346.50, 346.503, and 346.505, Wis. Stats., as amended.
A. 
Minimum number of off-street parking spaces and on-site queuing required for uses. The minimum number of off-street parking spaces accessory to designated uses (except for a specific use which has a special ordinance with requirements for off-street parking, in which event the special ordinance shall apply, such as for a PUD District or as a condition of the granting of a special use permit) shall be provided as set forth in Table 6, included at the end of this chapter. Calculations resulting in fractional numbers of off-street parking and/or queuing spaces required shall be rounded to the next higher whole number.
B. 
Uses not listed in Table 6 and other uses. Parking spaces for permitted uses not listed in Table 6 shall be provided in accordance with requirements designated by the Plan Commission upon recommendation of the Zoning Administrator. In the case of special uses, parking spaces for special uses not listed in Table 6 shall be provided in accordance with requirements designated by the Plan Commission upon recommendation of the Zoning Administrator and as may be required by the Town Board. The provisions for a use which is deemed similar by the Plan Commission may be applied upon recommendation of the Zoning Administrator.
C. 
Employee parking. Parking spaces required on an employee basis as set forth in Table 6 shall be based on the average number of employees on duty or residing, or both, on the premises at any one time.
D. 
Off-street parking requirements for mixed or combined uses located within the same building or on the same lot or parcel. Combinations of any of the uses set forth in Table 6 shall provide the total number of off-street parking stalls and/or queuing space required for each individual use.
A. 
Minimum width of off-street parking rows and aisles. The design of all off-street parking regulated by this chapter shall be in conformance with the requirements set forth in Table 500-119.
Table 500-119
Minimum Width of Off-Street Parking Rows and Aisles
(feet)
Angle Spaces
Type of Row
Parallel Spaces
45°
60°
90°
Single row and aisle
20
35
40
45
Double row and aisle
28
60
62
65
B. 
Required curbs, barriers, and overhangs. See § 500-135C.
Off-street loading spaces accessory to designated uses shall be provided as follows:
A. 
Location. All required loading spaces shall be located on the same lot as the use served. No permitted or required loading space shall be located within 40 feet of the nearest point of intersection of any two streets. No loading space shall be located in a required side yard abutting a residential zoning district, residential portion of a PUD District, or a required front yard.
B. 
Access. Each required off-street loading space shall be designed with appropriate means of vehicular access to a street or alley in a manner which will least interfere with traffic movement. Loading spaces on lots located adjacent to public ways shall be so situated as to enable the vehicles to back into the loading dock from areas other than public ways. The blocking of loading spaces by other loading spaces, permanent or moveable structures of any type, including trash receptacles or compactors, shall be prohibited.
C. 
Surfacing. All open off-street loading spaces shall be improved with pavement and stormwater drainage facilities in accordance with such standards set forth in § 500-117 of this chapter, unless otherwise exempted from such requirements as set forth under the provisions of § 500-117D and E.
[Amended 6-18-2002 by Ord. No. 02-007]
D. 
Computation. Where the total floor area of the use being served is less than 2,000 square feet, the required off-street loading spaces may be used to satisfy the requirements for any off-street parking spaces. Employee parking maneuver areas may also be used for access to loading docks and as truck standing areas.
E. 
Repair and service. No motor vehicle repair work or service of any kind shall be permitted in conjunction with loading facilities provided in any residential or nonresidential zoning districts.
F. 
Maneuvering space required to service outdoor loading areas. Adequate off-street truck maneuvering area shall be provided on site and not within any public street right-of-way or other public lands.
G. 
Interference with fire exit or emergency access prohibited. Off-street loading facilities shall be designed so as not to interfere with any fire exits or emergency access facilities to either a building or site.
A. 
Minimum required off-street loading spaces accessory to nonresidential uses in business and public and semipublic districts. The minimum number of required off-street loading spaces accessory to nonresidential uses in the NHB, CB, FB, I, and PR Districts shall be one loading space for buildings containing 10,000 to 100,000 square feet of gross floor area, plus one additional loading space for each additional 100,000 square feet of gross floor area or fraction thereof. The minimum required size of such loading space shall be 10 feet in width and 25 feet in length, exclusive of aisle and maneuvering space, and it shall have a vertical clearance of not less than 15 feet.
B. 
Minimum required off-street loading spaces accessory to nonresidential uses in industrial districts. The minimum number and size of off-street loading spaces accessory to uses in the LM, BP, and QE Districts shall be in accordance with Table 500-121. For each additional 100,000 square feet of gross floor area, or fraction thereof, over 100,000 square feet of gross floor area, one additional loading space shall be provided. Such additional space shall be a minimum of 12 feet in width by 50 feet in length and have a vertical clearance of not less than 15 feet. Loading spaces on lots located on public ways shall be so situated as to enable the vehicles to back into the loading dock from areas other than the public way.
Table 500-121
Minimum Number of Required Off-Street Loading Spaces Accessory to
Nonresidential Uses in Industrial Districts and Related Minimum Dimensional Requirements
Gross Floor Area of Building/Use Served
(square feet)
Minimum Required Number of Off-Street Loading Spaces
Minimum Size of Required Off-Street Loading Spaces
(feet)
Minimum Vertical Clearance Required for Each Off-Street Loading Space
(feet)
5,000 to 10,000
1
10 x 35
15
10,000 to 25,000
2
12 x 40
15
25,000 to 40,000
2
12 x 50
15
40,000 to 100,000
3
12 x 60
15
A. 
Driveways for multiple-family residential and nonresidential uses. All driveways installed, altered, changed, replaced, or extended for multiple-family residential and nonresidential uses after the effective date of this chapter shall meet the following requirements, those requirements set forth in § 500-112 of this chapter, and the requirements of Chapter 239, Driveways and Culverts:
(1) 
Islands. Islands between driveway openings shall be provided with a minimum of 12 feet between all driveways and six feet from all lot lines.
(2) 
Openings. Openings for vehicular ingress and egress shall not exceed 24 feet at the street right-of-way line and 30 feet at the roadway.
(3) 
Vehicular entrances and exits. Vehicular entrances and exits to drive-in theaters; banks; restaurants; motels; funeral homes; vehicular sales, service, washing and repair stations; garages; and public parking lots shall be not less than 200 feet from any pedestrian entrance or exit to a school, college, university, church, hospital, park, playground, library, public emergency shelter, or other place of public assembly.
B. 
Driveways for residential uses (not including multiple-family residential uses). All driveways installed, altered, changed, replaced, or extended for residential uses (not including multiple-family residential uses) after the effective date of this chapter shall meet those requirements set forth in § 500-112 of this chapter and the requirements Chapter 239, Driveways and Culverts.
No direct private access shall be permitted to the existing or proposed rights-of-way of expressways nor to any controlled-access arterial street without permission of the highway agency that has access-control jurisdiction. Additional access requirements are set forth in greater detail in § 500-112 of this chapter.
In order to minimize the number of vehicular access points on arterial and collector streets when development occurs in an area, the Town may require an area circulation plan be prepared pursuant to the requirements set forth in § 500-112A(5) of this chapter.
A. 
Snow storage prohibited in required off-street parking, drive, and loading areas. The storage of snow for more than 48 hours is hereby prohibited in required off-street parking, drive, and loading areas.
B. 
Snow storage plan required. Prior to the approval of any site plan for any off-street parking area which exceeds five vehicles or a loading area which exceeds one outdoor loading berth, a snow storage and/or removal plan shall be submitted to the Plan Commission for review and approval.
(1) 
Said snow storage plan shall adequately address, either graphically and/or in writing, the on-site storage of snow removed from said off-street parking or loading area or the removal from the site of such snow.
(2) 
If the snow is to be physically removed from the site, the location of the proposed snow repository site shall be made known to the Plan Commission in writing.
(3) 
A determination shall be made by the Plan Commission if the proposed repository site is adequate to accommodate the proposed storage of snow.
(4) 
If the snow is proposed to be stored off site, a letter of permission from the owner of the snow repository site shall be furnished the Plan Commission with the snow storage or removal plan.
C. 
On-site snow storage standards for parking and loading areas. If an off-site snow repository is not used, adequate on-site snow storage shall be provided using the following standards:
(1) 
A minimum site area representing 10% of the total required off-street parking or loading area, inclusive of access drives, shall be provided as the snow storage area.
(2) 
The required snow storage area may be paved or not paved. In either case, adequate drainage of the snow storage area shall be provided to accommodate snowmelt, and no snowmelt shall drain on abutting properties.
(3) 
Required setbacks, yards, and buffer yards may be used to accommodate the required snow storage area. However, areas landscaped with shrubs and/or trees shall not be used as snow storage areas.