Township of Union, PA
Washington County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Supervisors of the Township of Union 2-13-2012 by Ord. No. 2012-01. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Uniform construction codes — See Ch. 113.
Property maintenance — See 194.
Zoning — See Ch. 280.
This chapter shall be known as and may be cited as "Union Township Dangerous Structure Ordinance."
This chapter shall apply uniformly to all persons, business organizations, nonprofit organizations, and all other legal entities, and it shall apply uniformly to all property and all property owners within the Township of Union.
A. 
Unless otherwise specifically defined below, words or phrases used herein shall be interpreted so as to give them the same meaning as they have in common usage and so as to give the chapter its most reasonable application consistent with its intent.
(1) 
The word "shall" is always mandatory and not merely directory.
(2) 
Words used in the present text include the future and past, words in the plural number include the singular, words in the singular number include the words in the plural, and words either in the feminine, masculine or neuter, shall include words of the other two genders.
B. 
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
BOARD
The Board of Supervisors of the Township of Union (see "Township" herein below).
DANGEROUS STRUCTURES
All buildings or structures, including but not limited to residences, dwellings, garages, sheds, outhouses, barns, commercial buildings and industrial buildings, which have one or more of the following defects:
(1) 
Those which have been damaged by fire, wind or other cause so as to fail utterly to provide the amenities essential to decent living and are unfit for human habitation;
(2) 
Those which have been damaged by fire, wind or other cause so as to have become dangerous to the life and safety, morals or the general health and welfare of the occupants or other people of the Township;
(3) 
Those which have become or are so dilapidated, decayed, unsafe, unsanitary or which so utterly fail to provide the amenities essential to decent living so that they are unfit for human habitation;
(4) 
Those which have become or are so dilapidated, decayed, unsafe, unsanitary or which so utterly fail to provide the amenities essential to decent living are likely to cause accidents, sickness or disease, so as to work injury to the health, morals, safety or general welfare of the people of the Township;
(5) 
Those which have parts thereof which are so attached that they might fall and injure members of the public or cause damage to adjoining property; or
(6) 
Those which because of their general condition are unsafe, unsanitary or dangerous to the health, morals, safety or general welfare of the people of the Township.
TOWNSHIP
The Township of Union, County of Washington, in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
A. 
All dangerous structures are hereby declared to be public nuisances and shall be repaired, vacated or demolished.
B. 
Each day a nuisance in the form of a dangerous structure continues, after notice is given pursuant of this chapter that said dangerous structure is to be repaired, vacated or demolished, shall constitute a separate offense in violation of this chapter.
Whenever it shall be reported or come to the attention of any Township official that any structure, completed or in the process of construction, or any portion thereof, is in a dangerous condition, such person shall report same to the Board in person at a regularly scheduled Township meeting or by written letter, signed by the complainant, identifying the property in question; naming the property owner; and briefly explaining the nature of the dangerous structure. The Board shall immediately designate a Township official, employee or construction code official to make an investigation and examination of such structure. If such investigation or examination indicates such structure to be a "dangerous structure," a written report of such investigation shall be sent to the Board, specifying the exact condition of such structure and setting forth whether or in what respect the structure is dangerous and whether the structure is capable of being properly repaired or whether it shall be removed as a dangerous structure.
The following standards shall be followed by the Board in ordering the repair, vacation or demolition of a dangerous structure:
A. 
If the dangerous structure can be repaired, as determined by the Board, so that it will no longer exist in violation of the terms of this chapter, it shall be ordered to be repaired.
B. 
If the dangerous structure is in such condition as to make it dangerous to the health, morals, safety or general welfare of its occupants, it shall be ordered to be vacated.
C. 
If the dangerous structure cannot be reasonably repaired, as determined by the Board, it shall be demolished, and the debris from such demolition shall be properly disposed of in accordance with all applicable laws and regulations. In addition, after the demolition and debris removal have been completed, the ground disturbed by such demolition and debris removal shall be returned to grade with clean fill, seeded and mulched.
D. 
If the dangerous structure is a fire hazard or is existing or erected in violation of the terms of this chapter, any other ordinance of the Township, or any statute of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, it shall be demolished, and the debris from such demolition shall be properly disposed of in accordance with all applicable laws and regulations. In addition, after the demolition and debris removal have been completed, the ground disturbed by such demolition and debris removal shall be returned to grade with clean fill, seeded and mulched.
A. 
The enforcement officer shall inspect on a regular basis dwellings, buildings and structures to determine whether any conditions exist which render such premises dangerous buildings within the terms of this chapter.
B. 
Whenever an inspection discloses that a dwelling, building or structure has become a public nuisance, the enforcement officer shall issue a written notice to the person or persons responsible therefor. The notice:
(1) 
Shall be in writing.
(2) 
Shall include a statement of the reasons it is being issued.
(3) 
Shall state a reasonable time to rectify the conditions constituting the nuisance or to remove and demolish the dwelling, building or structure.
(4) 
Shall be served upon the owner, or his agent, or the occupant, as the case may require.
(a) 
Except in emergency cases and except where the owner, occupant, lessee or mortgage is absent from the Township, all notices shall be deemed to be properly served upon the owner, occupant or other person having an interest in the dangerous building if a copy thereof is served upon him personally, or if a copy thereof is posted in a conspicuous place in or about the structure affected by the notice, or if he is served with such notice by any other method authorized or required under the laws of the commonwealth.
(b) 
Except in emergency cases, in all other cases where the owner, occupant, lessee or mortgagee is absent from the Township all notices or orders provided for herein shall be sent by registered mail to the owner, occupant and all other persons having an interest in said building, as shown by the record of the County Recorder of Deeds, to the last known address of each, and a copy of such notice shall be posted in a conspicuous place on the dangerous building to which it relates. Such mailing and posting shall be deemed adequate service.
(5) 
May contain an outline of remedial action which, if taken, will effect compliance with the provisions of this chapter and with the rules and regulations adopted pursuant thereto.
C. 
The enforcement officer shall appear at all hearings conducted by the Board of Supervisors and testify as to the condition of dangerous buildings.
Any person affected by any notice which has been issued in connection with the enforcement of any provision of this chapter may request and shall be granted a hearing on the matter before the Board of Supervisors, provided that such person shall file with the Township Secretary a written petition requesting such hearing and setting forth a brief statement of the grounds therefor within 10 days after the day the notice was served. Upon receipt of such petition, the Township Secretary shall set a time and place for such hearing and shall give the petitioner written notice thereof. At such hearing the petitioner shall be given an opportunity to be heard and to show why the enforcement notice should be modified or withdrawn. The hearing shall commence not later than 30 days after the day on which the petition was filed.
No person shall remove or deface the notice of dangerous building, except as provided in this chapter.
Whenever the enforcement officer finds that an emergency exists which requires immediate action to protect the public health, he may, without notice or hearing, issue an order reciting the existence of such an emergency and requiring that such action be taken as is necessary to meet the emergency. Notwithstanding the other provisions of this chapter, such order shall be effective immediately. Any person to whom such order is directed shall comply therewith immediately, but upon petition to the enforcement officer shall be afforded a hearing as soon as possible. After such hearing, depending upon the findings as to whether the provisions of this chapter have been complied with, the enforcement officer shall continue such order in effect, or modify, or revoke it. The costs of such emergency repair, vacation or demolition of such dangerous building shall be collected in the same manner as provided herein for other cases.
A. 
All fines provided for in this section shall be in addition to costs.
B. 
Any person who shall fail to comply with any notice or order to repair, vacate or demolish any dangerous structure, which notice is served in accordance with this chapter, shall, upon conviction in a summary proceeding brought before a Magisterial District Judge under the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure, be guilty of a summary offense and shall be punishable by a fine of not more than $1,000, plus costs of prosecution. In default of payment thereof, the defendant may be sentenced to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 90 days. Every day that a person fails to comply with any notice or order to repair, vacate or demolish any dangerous structure shall be deemed a separate violation of this chapter.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
C. 
Any person who wrongfully removes the notice provided for in § 100-9 of this chapter shall, upon conviction before a Magisterial District Judge, be subject to a fine as provided in Subsection B.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
If the owner, occupant, mortgagee or lessee fails to comply with the order of the enforcement officer within the time specified in the notice issued by him, and no petition for a hearing is filed within 10 days thereafter or following a hearing by the Board of Supervisors where the order is sustained thereby, the enforcement officer shall cause such building or structure to be repaired, vacated or demolished, as determined by the Board of Supervisors, in accordance with the standards hereinbefore provided. Except that the Township may not repair, vacate or demolish all or part of the building or structure unless it first holds a hearing upon procedures set forth (regardless of whether the person affected by any order chooses to appear) to hear the evidence regarding whether a building or structure is dangerous and whether the nuisance can be abated by repairing, vacating or demolishing the structure or building. The Township may collect the cost of such repair, vacation, legal costs and/or demolition, together with a penalty of 10% of such cost, in the manner provided by law. Or the Township may seek injunctive relief in a court of competent jurisdiction pursuant to the Rules of Civil Procedure.