Words used in the present tense include the future; words used in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes the plural and the plural the singular.
Where terms are not defined, they shall have their ordinarily accepted meanings or such as these bylaws may imply.
The determination of definitions in question shall lie with the Board of Appeals.
For any terms not defined herein, the definition as found in Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, most recent edition, or as found in the State Building Code of Massachusetts shall be used.
Unless otherwise expressly stated, the terms listed herein shall, for the purpose of these bylaws, have the meanings indicated.
- ACCESSORY APARTMENT
- A separate dwelling unit not exceeding 850 square feet in
area within an existing detached single-family residence for a family
member of the homeowner.[Amended 11-17-2014 STM by Art. 5]
- ACCESSORY STRUCTURE
- A structure customarily incidental and subordinate to the principal structure that is located on the same lot as the principal structure, except any structure(s) for any agricultural use.
- ACCESSORY USE
- Accessory uses as permitted by these bylaws are set forth in Section 3.0. An accessory use is one that: is clearly subordinate to, customarily found in association with, and incidental to a principal use; and is located on the same lot as the principal use, except any accessory use for any agricultural purpose.
- ADULT DAY-CARE FACILITY
- A social day care or adult day health facility as those terms are defined by the Massachusetts Department of Elder Affairs.
- ADULT USES
- An establishment, a building or portion thereof, or a use of land having a substantial or significant portion of its business activity, stock-in-trade, or other materials for sale, rent, distribution, or exhibition, which are distinguished or characterized by their emphasis on depicting, describing, or relating to sexual conduct or sexual excitement as defined in MGL c. 272, § 31. Examples of such are listed below:
- AGE-RESTRICTED HOUSING
- A housing development in which at least one resident of each dwelling unit is 55 years or older, and other residents must be over 21 years of age but are permitted to be younger than 55 years of age.
- The use of a tract of land not less than five acres in area for agriculture, horticulture, floriculture, viticulture, nurseries, orchards or greenhouses. The definition of agriculture shall include the keeping of livestock on parcels of two acres or more.
- A dwelling unit in either a two-family or multifamily dwelling.
- An indoor recreation facility containing amusement or recreational games such as video or electronic games that contains more than three arcade machines.
- AREA (GROSS)
- Total floor area within a building.
- AREA (NET)
- The usable area (normally accessible to the public) of each story within a building or portion thereof.
- AS-OF-RIGHT SITING
- Development which may proceed without the need for a special
permit, variance, amendment, waiver, other discretionary approval,
or as provided by MGL c. 40A § 3. As-of-right development
is subject to site plan review and can be reasonably regulated by
the Building Commissioner.[Added 12-5-2011 STM by Art. 7]
- ASSISTED LIVING FACILITIES
- A structure or structures containing dwelling units for persons in need of assistance with activities of daily living, as defined and regulated by MGL Chapter 19D.
- ATTACHED SINGLE-FAMILY HOUSING
- The construction of houses that share a common side wall. The wall may or may not be the property line of the unit. These attached single-family houses may be allowed to be constructed on their own parcel of land with a front and rear yard or may be developed with the land around the unit being owned and maintained by a homeowners' or condominium association. These units are commonly referred to as "townhouses."
- A portion of the building partially underground, but having less than half its clear height below the mean grade of perimeter walls of the building. For the purposes of these bylaws, a basement shall be considered the first story of a structure (also see the term "cellar").
- BASIC CODE
- The State Building Code of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, as amended.
- BED-AND-BREAKFAST ESTABLISHMENT
- Accommodations with not more than four bedrooms occupied by bed-and-breakfast guests in which the owner of the establishment resides. Bed-and-breakfast establishments are intended for guests on intermittent visits, and shall not be used as long-term rental units or apartments. All parking for residents and guests shall be off-street.
- BODIES POLITIC
- Those institutions of government appointed or elected in the Town of Foxborough.
- BREW PUB
- An establishment wherein the primary use is a restaurant
which specializes in producing craft beers in limited quantities for
on-site retail sale to restaurant patrons. Other ancillary uses may
include tastings and tours as well as retail and wholesale sales of
their products and related goods, all of which are subject to all
applicable statutes of the commonwealth.[Added 5-12-2014 ATM by Art. 33; amended 10-1-2018 STM by Art. 4]
- BUILDABLE AREA
- That area of a lot within which a building can be erected and framed of a combination of any materials, whether portable or fixed, having a roof, to form a structure for the shelter of persons, animals or property. For the purpose of this definition, "roof" shall include an awning or any similar covering, whether or not permanent in nature. The word "building" shall be construed where the context required as though followed by the words "or part or parts thereof" (also see the term "structure").
- BUILDING COMMISSIONER
- The officer or other designated authority of the Town charged with the administration and enforcement of the Basic Code and enforcement of these bylaws.
- BUSINESS OFFICE
- A building, or part thereof, for the transaction of business or the provision of services exclusive of the receipt, sale, storage, or processing of merchandise.
- CLUB OR LODGE, PRIVATE
- Buildings, structures and premises used by a nonprofit social or civic organization, or by an organization catering exclusively to members and their guests for social, civic, recreational, or athletic purposes which are not conducted primarily for gain, and provided there are no vending stands, merchandising, or commercial activities except as may be required generally for the membership and purposes of such organization.
- COMMERCIAL CAMPGROUND
- A facility located on a lot that is not less than 75 acres
in area and that is used by transient campers in a unit that is a
portable structure, shelter or vehicle designed and intended for occupancy
by persons engaged in camping activities or such recreational and
non-recreational vehicle activities that are common to a campground
or recreational vehicle park. The facility may include accessory uses
that are intended for the use and convenience of the users of the
campground and that customarily are accessory to the operation of
a commercial campground, such as recreation fields and halls, swimming
and shower facilities, convenience stores, food services, and spas.
The facility also may include buildings that are owned by the owner(s)
of the campground and that are used for functions and events such
as weddings, family reunions, and business and educational conferences,
whether used by the facility's campers or by non-camping patrons.
No such facility shall include mobile homes.[Amended 12-5-2016 STM by Art. 4]
- The portion of the building partially underground, having half or more than half of its clear height below the mean grade of the perimeter walls of the building (also see the term "basement").
- CHILD-CARE CENTER
- A facility as defined by MGL c. 15D, § 1A.
- CONTRACTOR YARD
- A parcel of land utilized by a contractor for the storage of building supplies, and storage and/or maintenance of trucks and other equipment.
- A building, or portion thereof, where group sleeping accommodations are provided, with or without meals, for persons not members of the same family group, in one room, or in a series of closely related rooms under joint occupancy and single management, as in school or farm dormitories.
- DRIVE-IN RESTAURANT
- Restaurants which promote the consumption of food or beverages in vehicles parked on the premises.
- DRIVE-THROUGH FACILITY
- The use of land, buildings, or structures, or parts thereof, to provide or dispense products or services, either wholly or in part, through an attendant or window or automated machine, to persons remaining in motorized vehicles that are in a designated stacking lane. A drive-through facility may be permitted only as an accessory use, i.e., in combination with other uses such as a bank or financial institution, restaurant, retail store, dry cleaners, laundry, or pharmacy. Despite the above, a drive-through facility does not include a vehicle washing facility, a vacuum cleaning station accessory to a vehicle washing facility, or an automobile/gasoline service station.
- EDUCATIONAL USE, NONEXEMPT
- Educational facilities not exempted from regulation by MGL c. 40A, § 3.
- ESSENTIAL SERVICES
- Services provided by a public service corporation or by governmental agencies through erection, construction, alteration, or maintenance of public utility facilities and structures necessary to the service of the Town, excluding storage yards, power plants, water filter plants, wireless communications facilities, sewage treatment and refuse facilities. Included are facilities which supply, transmit, distribute, or collect gas, electricity, steam, water, sewer, and communications, whether underground or overhead. Facilities necessary for the provision of essential services include, but are not limited to, poles, wires, drains, sewers, pipes, pump stations, conduits, cables, fire alarm boxes, police call boxes, traffic signals, hydrants and other similar equipment in connection therewith.
- FAMILY DAY CARE, LARGE OR SMALL
- Any private residence operating a facility as defined in MGL c. 15D, § 1A.
- FARM STAND, NONEXEMPT
- The sale of farm produce, including poultry, on a parcel of land which is not being used for agricultural purposes and which is less than five acres in area. A majority of such products for sale shall be grown or raised on the land on which the facility is located. No slaughtering of livestock other than poultry shall be allowed.
- That distance along a lot line which abuts a street or streets. Access shall only be through or across this legal frontage. The frontage distance shall be contiguous. The required frontage for a corner lot shall be provided on only one street. Frontage shall be calculated from the intersection of the side yard to the center of the curve radius along a straight line.
- FUNERAL ESTABLISHMENT
- Facility for the conducting of funerals and related activities such as embalming.
- HEIGHT, BUILDING
- The vertical distance to the highest point of the roof above
the mean grade of the ground immediately adjoining the building. The
highest point shall not include parapets or cornices extending no
more than five feet above their intersection with the roof, spires,
cupolas, elevator head-houses, water tanks, chimneys, ventilators,
pipes and similar apparatus not devoted to human occupancy.[Amended 11-17-2014 STM by Art. 7]
- HOME OCCUPATION, INTENSIVE
- Any gainful employment or occupation of one or more members of the resident family that is clearly secondary or accessory to the primary residential use of the principal dwelling. Intensive home occupations include but are not limited to the following: work facilities for artists and dressmakers, tailors and other similar uses; home crafts, antique shops, beauty parlors, and other similar activities; professional office facility, provided that no retail or wholesale transactions are made on the premises; school of special needs education whose class does not exceed four pupils at any time unless otherwise exempt; dance studios or schools, musical instruction or other similar activities. See Section 3.2.2 of these bylaws.
- HOME OCCUPATION, NONINTENSIVE
- Any gainful employment or occupation of one or more members of the resident family that is clearly secondary or accessory to the primary residential use of the principal dwelling, as limited by Section 3.2.3 of these bylaws.
- HOTEL OR MOTEL
- A building or buildings intended and designed for transient, overnight or extended occupancy, divided into separate units within the same building, with or without a public dining facility.
- INNOVATIVE RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT
- Alternative land development techniques that encourage higher
quality development, create improved living environments, preserve
unique site features, and provide services more efficiently.[Added 11-4-2013 STM by Art. 7]
- Any scrap, waste, reclaimable material or debris, whether or not stored or used in conjunction with dismantling, processing, salvage, storage, baling, disposal or other use or disposition. Junk includes, but is not limited to, vehicles, tires, vehicle parts, machinery, equipment, paper, rags, metal, glass, building materials, household appliances, brush, wood, and lumber.
- Any area, lot, land, parcel, building or structure or part thereof used for the storage, collection, processing, purchase, sale or abandonment of junk, or two or more unregistered or inoperable motor vehicles.
- KENNEL, COMMERCIAL
- A pack or collection of dogs, cats, or other domestic animals on a single premises maintained for sale, commercial breeding, boarding, grooming, training, hunting, or for any other commercial purposes, and including any shop where dogs are for sale.
- LANDSCAPE/BUILDING SUPPLY YARDS
- A parcel of land used for the storage and sale of landscape and/or building materials, including but not limited to mulch, sand, gravel, loam, stone, bricks, lumber, pipe, concrete, or other materials used for landscape or building construction. These materials may be stored indoors or outside.
- LARGE-SCALE GROUND-MOUNTED SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC INSTALLATION
- A solar photovoltaic system that is structurally mounted
on the ground and is not roof-mounted, and has a minimum nameplate
capacity of 250 kW DC.[Added 12-5-2011 STM by Art. 7]
- LODGING/BOARDING HOUSE
- Any structure used for the lodging of more than three individuals and where cooking or sanitary facilities may be provided.
- An area of land in one ownership with definite plan and used or set aside and available for use as the site of one or more structures or for any other definitive purpose.
- LOT AREA
- The horizontal area of a lot, not including any area in a public or private street open for public use.
- LOT COVERAGE
- That percentage equal to the area of a lot covered by man-made materials such as structures, asphalt and concrete divided by the total lot area.
- LOT LINE
- A line dividing one lot from another, or from a street.
- MIXED USE
- A tract of land or building or structure developed for two
or more different uses, including residential, retail, business, service,
or office, assembly uses, and institutions.[Added 5-12-2014 ATM by Art. 33]
- MOBILE HOME
- A dwelling unit built on a chassis and containing complete electrical, plumbing and sanitary facilities and designed to be installed on a temporary or permanent foundation for permanent living quarters.
- MOTOR VEHICLE FUEL FACILITY
- Any structure whose primary purpose is the storage and sale of petroleum products or other fuels for motor vehicles and/or where minor repairs to motor vehicles are made within a structure.
- MOTOR VEHICLE REPAIR SHOP
- A structure in which the general business of repairing motor vehicles is conducted.
- MUNICIPAL FACILITIES
- Facilities owned or operated by the Town of Foxborough and used exclusively for municipal or other public purposes.
- MUNICIPAL RECREATION FACILITY
- Land, including accessory structures, owned or operated by the Town of Foxborough that is used for one or more of the following uses: a golf course, riding stable, playgrounds, playing fields, fitness trails, a swimming pool, volleyball, bocce, tennis or basketball court(s), or other similar recreation facilities. No indoor or outdoor active recreation area or parking for same shall be located any nearer the lot line than the minimum building setback.
- NURSING OR CONVALESCENT HOME
- Any building with sleeping rooms where persons are housed or lodged and furnished with meals and nursing care for hire.
- ON-SITE GROUND-MOUNTED SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC INSTALLATION
- A solar photovoltaic installation that is structurally mounted
on the ground, is accessory, and is not roof-mounted. The power produced
is typically utilized primarily by uses in the immediate vicinity
and/or has less nameplate capacity than 250 kW DC.[Added 12-5-2011 STM by Art. 7]
- PARKING LOT
- A paved area, designed and constructed to the standards found in Section 6.0 of these bylaws, the purpose of which is to provide off-street, vehicular parking. Parking lots may be a primary or accessory use of a parcel pursuant to Section 4.0, Table of Use Regulations.
- PARTIES IN INTEREST
- As used in these bylaws, shall have the meaning as provided in MGL c. 40A, § 11.
- Every natural person or other legal entity.
- RATED NAMEPLATE CAPACITY
- The maximum rated output of electric power production of
the photovoltaic system in direct current (DC).[Added 12-5-2011 STM by Art. 7]
- The demolition of a structure and the rebuilding of a new structure on the same lot.
- RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
- Research, experimentation and testing activities that are
conducted by a business establishment, college or university, laboratory
or research facility for the development of new products, ideas, procedures
and services, or the improvement of existing products, ideas, procedures
and services, predominantly in the fields of biotechnology, pharmaceuticals,
medical equipment, communication and information technology, electronics,
computer hardware and/or their substantial equivalents. Such term
does not include activities that are characterized as Biosafety Level
4 (BSL-4) by the National Institutes of Health. Activities that constitute
research and development may include the construction or development
of mock-ups and prototypes, but do not include the manufacture of
finished products except as may be incidental to the principal purposes
of such activities.[Added 5-14-2018 ATM by Art. 10]
- RESIDENTIAL GARAGE
- A detached accessory structure to a single- or two-family dwelling of which the primary purpose is to store motor vehicles. No commercial activities shall occur within these structures unless authorized by these bylaws.
- RESIDENTIAL LARGE-SCALE GROUND-MOUNTED SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC INSTALLATION
- A solar photovoltaic system located in the Residential and
Agricultural District (R-40) on a lot containing not less than 50
acres that is structurally mounted on the ground and is not roof-mounted,
has a minimum nameplate capacity of 2,000 kW DC, and the total acres
used for a solar photovoltaic system does not exceed 50% of the total
lot acres.[Added 5-14-2018 ATM by Art. 13]
- RESIDENTIAL STORAGE STRUCTURE
- A detached structure accessory to a single- or two-family dwelling which does not exceed 200 square feet in gross area.
- An establishment where food and drink are prepared, served, and consumed primarily within the principal building. Food and drink may also be served and consumed outdoors on patios and sidewalks as well as packaged for take-out orders. The term "restaurant" shall not include "drive-in restaurant."
- RETAIL ESTABLISHMENT
- All lands and buildings that are used for display and sale purposes involving stocks of goods, wares or merchandise incidental to such purposes and accessible to the public, including, among others, retail stores, shops, and salesrooms.
- SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAY
- An arrangement of solar photovoltaic panels.[Added 12-5-2011 STM by Art. 7]
- The portion of a building included between the upper surface
of a floor and upper surface of the floor or roof next above.[Amended 11-17-2014 STM by Art. 7]
- STREET OR WAY
- A public way or way that the Town Clerk certifies is maintained and used as a public way, or a way shown on a definitive plan, approved and endorsed in accordance with the Subdivision Control Law, or a way in existence when the Subdivision Control Law became effective in the Town of Foxborough, which in the opinion of the Planning Board has sufficient width, suitable grades, and adequate construction to provide for the needs of vehicular traffic in relation to the proposed use of the land abutting thereon or served thereby, and for the installation of municipal services to serve such land and the buildings erected or to be erected thereon.
- A combination of materials assembled at a fixed location to give support or shelter, and as further defined in the Basic Code. The word "structure" shall be construed, where the context requires, as though followed by the words "or part or parts thereof."
- TEMPORARY PARKING LOT
- An area, whether paved or unpaved, which in the opinion of the special permit granting authority is suitable for providing off-street, vehicular parking. Temporary parking lots may be a primary or accessory use of a parcel pursuant to Table 3-1.
- TRAVEL TRAILER
- A vehicular, portable structure built on a chassis and designed to be used for temporary occupancy for travel, recreational or vacation use. It shall not be designed to be installed on a permanent or temporary foundation.
- TRUCK TERMINAL/GENERAL COMMODITY/PUBLIC WAREHOUSE
- A facility/use whose primary function is to provide for the distribution of a wide variety of merchandise, goods and/or other products via trucks. This shall include those facilities designed to store products in preparation for shipping and where those products are generally not made available for retail sale. The storage or parking of tractor-trailers, trucks or trailers as a primary use.
- WATER RESOURCE PROTECTION OVERLAY DISTRICT
- The following definitions shall apply within the WRPOD:
- WELLNESS AND RECREATION CENTER
- A facility located on a lot containing not less than 18 acres offered for use by the public for general wellness and recreation which may include a pool facility and any other indoor and outdoor sports, recreation and athletic use, day camps, and arts and humanities and uses incidental thereto, but excluding those uses that fall under Section 3.0.
- An open space on a lot with a building, extending along the entire length of a front, rear, or side lot line.