Appomattox County, VA
 
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
Purpose. Generally this district covers portions of Appomattox County which are occupied by various open uses such as farms, forests or lakes. This district is established for the specific purpose of protecting existing and future farming operations, conservation of water and natural resources, reducing soil erosion, protection of watersheds and reducing hazards from flood, fire and traffic. While it is recognized that certain desirable rural areas may logically be expected to develop residentially, it is the intent, however, to discourage the random scattering of residential, commercial or industrial uses in this district. Nonfarm residents should recognize that they are located in an agricultural environment where the right to farm has been established as a County policy. This district is intended to minimize the demand for unanticipated public improvements and services, such as public sewer, public water, and new roadways, by reducing development densities and discouraging large-scale development.
B. 
Permitted uses:
[Amended 7-6-2015]
Accessory apartment
Accessory uses/structures
Administrative services
Agricultural services
Agriculture
Amateur radio tower
Bed-and-breakfast
Club, hunt
Club, private
Commercial feedlots
Community recreation
Composting
Crisis center
Custom manufacturing
Domestic chickens
Family day-care home
Farm employee housing
Fish hatchery
Forestry operations
Garden center
Home beauty/barber salon
Home occupation, Type I
Home occupation, Type II
Intensive farming facility
Kennel, commercial
Kennel, private
Livestock sales/auction
Manufactured home
Manufactured home, accessory
Park-and-ride facility
Post office
Public maintenance and service facility
Public parks and recreation areas
Religious assembly
Residential human care facility
Single-family dwelling
Stable, commercial
Stable, private
Utility services
Veterinary hospital/clinic
Wayside stand
Winery
C. 
Conditional uses:
[Amended 3-29-2016]
Automobile graveyard
Aviation facility, private
Brewery
Campgrounds
Camps
Cemetery
Correctional facilities
Day-care center
Educational facilities, primary/secondary
Farm brewery, limited
Golf course
Landfill, sanitary
Landscaping and lawn care services
Manufactured home park
Outdoor gatherings
Planned unit development
Public assembly
Recycling center
Resource extraction
Retreat/lodge
Safety services, private
Sawmill
Scrap and salvage services
Second dwelling
Shooting range, indoor
Shooting range, outdoor
Storage of sewage sludge
Transfer station
Wind energy system
Wireless communications facility
D. 
Site development regulations.
(1) 
Minimum lot requirements:
(a) 
All lots regardless of sewer and water provisions:
[1] 
Area: one acre (43,560 square feet).
[2] 
Frontage: 150 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(2) 
Minimum setback requirements:
(a) 
Principal structure:
[1] 
Front: 50 feet from property line or 75 feet from center line of public road, whichever is greater.
[2] 
Side: 25 feet.
[3] 
Rear: 35 feet.
(b) 
Accessory structure:
[1] 
Front: 75 feet from center line of public road or behind the front building line, whichever distance is less.
[2] 
Side: 15 feet.
[3] 
Rear: 15 feet.
(3) 
Maximum height of structures:
(a) 
All structures (except silos): 45 feet.
(b) 
Silos: 100 feet.
(4) 
Maximum coverage:
(a) 
Building coverage: 10% of the total lot area.
(b) 
Lot coverage: 25% of the total lot area.
A. 
Purpose. This district is composed of certain low concentrations of residential uses plus certain open areas where similar development is expected to occur. The regulations for this district are designed to stabilize and protect the essential characteristics of the district, to promote and encourage, insofar as compatible with the intensity of land use, a suitable environment for family life, and to prohibit commercial uses and other uses likely to generate noise, crowds, large concentrations of traffic, light, dust, odor, smoke and other obnoxious influence.
B. 
Permitted uses:
Accessory apartment
Accessory uses/structures
Administrative services
Amateur radio tower
Community recreation
Crisis center
Domestic chickens
Family day-care home
Home beauty/barber salon
Home occupation, Type I
Park-and-ride facility
Post office
Public maintenance and service facility
Public parks and recreational areas
Safety services, public
Single-family dwelling
Utility services
C. 
Conditional uses:
Cemetery
Day-care center
Educational facilities, primary/secondary
Golf course
Home for adults
Kennel, private
Outdoor gatherings
Planned unit development
Religious assembly
Safety services, private
Wind energy system
Wireless communications facility
D. 
Site development regulations.
(1) 
Minimum lot requirements:
(a) 
Lots not served by public water or sewer:
[1] 
Area: 30,000 square feet (0.69 acre).
[2] 
Frontage: 125 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(b) 
Lots served by either public water or sewer:
[1] 
Area: 20,000 square feet.
[2] 
Frontage: 110 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(2) 
Minimum setback requirements:
(a) 
Principal structure:
[1] 
Front: 35 feet from property line or 60 feet from center of public road, whichever is greater.
[2] 
Side: 15 feet.
[3] 
Rear: 35 feet.
(b) 
Accessory structure:
[1] 
Front: 35 feet from property line or behind the front building line, whichever distance is less.
[2] 
Side: 15 feet.
[3] 
Rear: 15 feet.
(c) 
Where a lot fronts on more than one street, front yard setbacks shall apply to all streets.
(3) 
Maximum height of structures:
(a) 
All structures: 35 feet.
(4) 
Maximum coverage:
(a) 
Building coverage: 15%.
(b) 
Lot coverage: 35%.
A. 
Purpose. This district is composed of medium-density residential areas plus certain open areas where similar development is expected to occur. The regulations for this district are designed to stabilize and protect the essential characteristics of the district, to promote and encourage, insofar as compatible with the intensity of the land uses, a suitable environment for family life, and to permit certain commercial uses of a character unlikely to develop general concentration of traffic, crowds of customers and general outdoor advertising. To these ends, retail activity is sharply limited and this district is protected against the encroachment of general commercial and industrial uses.
B. 
Permitted uses:
Accessory apartment
Accessory uses/structures
Administrative services
Amateur radio tower
Community recreation
Crisis center
Domestic chickens
Family day-care home
Home beauty/barber salon
Home occupation, Type I
Kennel, private
Manufactured home
Park-and-ride facility
Post office
Public maintenance and service facility
Public parks and recreational areas
Safety services, public
Single-family dwelling
Utility services
C. 
Conditional uses:
Boardinghouse
Cemetery
Condominium
Cultural services
Day-care center
Educational facilities, primary/secondary
Golf course
Hospital
Manufactured home park
Outdoor gatherings
Planned unit development
Religious assembly
Safety services, private
Safety services, public
Second dwelling
Two-family dwelling
Wind energy system
Wireless communications facility
D. 
Site development regulations.
(1) 
Minimum lot requirements:
(a) 
Lots not served by public water or sewer:
[1] 
Area: 25,000 square feet (0.57 acre).
[2] 
Frontage: 125 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(b) 
Lots served by either public water or sewer:
[1] 
Area: 15,000 square feet (0.34 acre).
[2] 
Frontage: 80 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(c) 
Lots served by both public water and public sewer:
[1] 
Area: 10,000 square feet (0.23 acre).
[2] 
Frontage: 80 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(2) 
Minimum setback requirements:
(a) 
Principal structure:
[1] 
Front: 35 feet from property line or 60 feet from center line of public road, whichever is greater.
[2] 
Side: 15 feet.
[3] 
Rear: 35 feet.
(b) 
Accessory structure:
[1] 
Front: 35 feet from property line or behind the front building line, whichever distance is less.
[2] 
Side: 15 feet.
[3] 
Rear: 15 feet.
(c) 
Where a lot fronts on more than one street, front yard setbacks shall apply to all streets.
(3) 
Maximum height of structures:
(a) 
All structures: 35 feet.
(4) 
Maximum coverage:
(a) 
Building coverage: 35%.
(b) 
Lot coverage: 50%.
A. 
Purpose. The purpose of this district is to provide areas in the County within the suburban service area where existing middle- to high-density residential development (typically four to 12 units per acre) has been established and land areas which generally appear to be appropriate for such development. The R-3 District is designated based on access to major streets, public water and/or sewer, and schools with suitable capacity to accommodate development at the stated density. A variety of housing densities and styles is encouraged in order to permit a diversity and flexibility in design and layout.
B. 
Permitted uses:
Accessory uses/structures
Amateur radio tower
Community recreation
Condominium
Domestic chickens
Family day-care home
Home occupation, Type I
Multifamily dwelling
Park-and-ride facility
Post office
Public maintenance and service facility
Public parks and recreational areas
Residential human care facility
Safety services, public
Single-family dwelling
Townhouse
Two-family dwelling
Utility services
C. 
Conditional uses:
Boardinghouse
Cemetery
Cultural services
Day-care center
Educational facilities, secondary/primary
Hospital
Outdoor gatherings
Planned unit development
Religious assembly
Safety services, private
Wind energy system
Wireless communications facility
D. 
Site development regulations.
(1) 
Minimum lot requirements:
(a) 
Lots not served by public water or sewer:
[1] 
Area: 25,000 square feet (0.57 acre).
[2] 
Frontage: 100 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(b) 
Lots served by either public water or sewer:
[1] 
Area: 15,000 square feet (0.34 acre).
[2] 
Frontage: 80 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(c) 
Lots served by both public water and public sewer:
[1] 
Area: 10,000 square feet (0.23 acre).
[2] 
Frontage: 80 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(d) 
Minimum lot size and permitted densities for multifamily dwellings and townhomes are referenced in the Additional Regulations section.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Art. VIII, Additional Regulations.
(2) 
Minimum setback requirements:
(a) 
Principal structure:
[1] 
Front: 35 feet from property line or 60 feet from center line of public road, whichever is greater.
[2] 
Side: 15 feet.
[3] 
Rear: 35 feet.
(b) 
Accessory structure:
[1] 
Front: 35 feet from property line or behind the front building line, whichever distance is less.
[2] 
Side: 15 feet.
[3] 
Rear: 15 feet.
(c) 
Where a lot fronts on more than one street, front yard setbacks shall apply to all streets.
(3) 
Maximum height of structures:
(a) 
All structures: 35 feet.
(4) 
Maximum coverage:
(a) 
Building coverage: 50%.
(b) 
Lot coverage: 85%.
A. 
Purpose. The purpose of this district is to establish areas which will serve as the focal point for cultural and commercial activity for the rural service areas of the County. The density recommended for these areas is intended to average between one and three units per acre. Small country stores, family restaurants, and similar small service and personal service businesses, in addition to public and institutional buildings such as schools, post offices, and places of religious assembly, are commonly found at these crossroads locations. This district brings a sense of community to the surrounding rural areas, with an emphasis on providing essential goods and services to rural residents, but is not intended to be an employment destination. New developments should be carefully considered for their compatibility with the surrounding area and the purpose of the V-1 District. Any expansion of the district should be contiguous to an existing V-1 District to avoid leapfrog commercial development and excessive spreading of community services such as water and sewer.
B. 
Permitted uses:
Accessory apartment
Accessory uses/structures
Administrative services
Amateur radio tower
Antique shops
Automobile rental/leasing
Business or trade school
Business support services
Civic clubs
Commercial indoor entertainment
Communications services
Community recreation
Construction sales and services
Consumer repair services
Convenience store
Cultural service
Custom manufacturing
Domestic chickens
Educational facilities, primary/secondary
Family day-care home
Financial institutions
Funeral services
Garden center
Gasoline station
General office
Home occupation, Type I
Hospital
Hotel/motel/motor lodge
Kennel, private
Landscaping and lawn care services
Manufactured home
Medical office
Park-and-ride facility
Personal improvement services
Personal services
Post office
Public maintenance and service facility
Public parks and recreational areas
Religious assembly
Residential human care facility
Restaurant, family
Restaurant, general
Retail sales
Safety services, private
Safety services, public
Single-family dwelling
Studio, fine arts
Utility services
Veterinary hospital/clinic
Wayside stand
C. 
Conditional uses:
[Amended 3-29-2016]
Automobile dealership
Automobile parts/supply, retail
Automobile repair services
Aviation facility, private
Bed-and-breakfast
Boardinghouse
Campground
Car wash
Cemetery
Clinic
Commercial indoor amusement
Commercial indoor sports and recreation
Commercial outdoor entertainment
Commercial outdoor sports and recreation
Condominium
Construction yard
Contractor yard
Dance hall
Day-care center
Educational facility, college/university
Equipment sales and rental
Flea market
Golf course
Halfway house
Home for adults
Industrial manufacturing
Kennel, commercial
Laboratories
Life care facility nursing home
Microbrewery
Mini warehouse
Multifamily dwelling
Outdoor gathering
Parking facility
Planned unit development
Public assembly
Recreational vehicle sales and service
Recycling center
Restaurant
Two-family dwelling
Winery
Wireless communications facility
D. 
Site development regulations.
(1) 
Minimum lot requirements:
(a) 
Lots not served by public water or sewer:
[1] 
Area: one acre (43,560 square feet).
[2] 
Frontage: 125 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(b) 
Lots served by either public water or sewer:
[1] 
Area: 25,000 square feet (0.57 acre).
[2] 
Frontage: 100 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(c) 
Lots served by both public water and public sewer:
[1] 
Area: 15,000 square feet (0.34 acre).
[2] 
Frontage: 80 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(2) 
Minimum setback requirements:
(a) 
Principal structure:
[1] 
Front: 50 feet from property line or 75 feet from center line of public road, whichever is greater.
[2] 
Side: 15 feet.
[3] 
Rear: 35 feet.
(b) 
Accessory structure:
[1] 
Front: 50 feet from property line or behind the front building line, whichever distance is less.
[2] 
Side: 15 feet.
[3] 
Rear: 15 feet.
(c) 
Where a lot fronts on more than one street, front yard setbacks shall apply to all streets.
(3) 
Maximum height of structures:
(a) 
All structures: 35 feet.
(4) 
Maximum coverage:
(a) 
Building coverage: 35%.
(b) 
Lot coverage: 75%.
A. 
Purpose. The purpose of this district is to provide locations for a variety of commercial and service-related activities within the suburban service area serving larger neighborhoods and the County in general. This district is intended for general application throughout the County. General Commercial Districts are most appropriately found along major arterial thoroughfares which serve large segments of the County's population. This district provides a wide variety of retail and service-related uses.
B. 
Permitted uses:
[Amended 8-3-2015; 3-29-2016]
Accessory apartment
Accessory uses/structures
Administrative services
Agricultural services
Amateur radio tower
Antique shops
Automobile dealership
Automobile parts/supply retail
Automobile rental/leasing
Automobile repair services
Bed-and-breakfast
Business or trade school
Business support services
Campground
Car wash
Cemetery
Civic clubs
Clinic
Commercial indoor amusement
Commercial indoor entertainment
Commercial indoor sports and recreation
Commercial outdoor entertainment
Commercial outdoor sports and recreation
Communications services
Community recreation
Construction sales and services
Construction yard
Consumer repair services
Contractor yard
Convenience store
Crisis center
Custom manufacturing
Dance hall
Day-care center
Educational facilities, college/university
Educational facilities, primary/secondary
Equipment sales and rental
Family day-care home
Financial institutions
Funeral services
Garden center
Gasoline station
General office
Guidance services
Home beauty/barber salon
Home occupation, Type I
Home occupation, Type II
Hospital
Hotel/motel/motor lodge
Landscaping and lawn care services
Laundry
Manufactured home sales
Medical office
Microbrewery
Mini warehouse
Park-and-ride facility
Parking facility
Pawnshop
Personal improvement services
Personal services
Post office
Public maintenance and service facility
Public parks and recreational areas
Recreational vehicle sales and service
Religious assembly
Residential human care facility
Restaurant, general/drive-in/fast-food
Retail sales
Safety services, private
Safety services, public
Single-family dwelling
Studio, fine arts
Surplus sales
Truck stop
Utility services
Veterinary hospital/clinic
Wayside stand
Wireless communications facility
C. 
Conditional uses:
[Amended 8-3-2015; 3-29-2016]
Adult entertainment
Automobile graveyard
Brewery
Distillery
Fish hatchery
Flea market
Halfway house
Home for adults
Industrial manufacturing
Kennel, commercial
Laboratories
Multifamily dwelling
Outdoor gathering
Planned unit development
Public assembly
Recycling center
Scrap and salvage services
Stable, commercial
Transfer station
Transportation terminal
Truck terminal
Two-family dwelling
Wind energy system
D. 
Site development regulations.
(1) 
Minimum lot requirements:
(a) 
Lots not served by public water or sewer:
[1] 
Area: one acre (43,560) square feet.
[2] 
Frontage: 100 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(b) 
Lots served by either public water or sewer:
[1] 
Area: 15,000 square feet (0.34 acre).
[2] 
Frontage: 80 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(c) 
Lots served by both public water and public sewer:
[1] 
Area: 10,000 square feet (0.23 acre).
[2] 
Frontage: 80 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(2) 
Minimum setback requirements:
(a) 
Principal structure:
[1] 
Front: 35 feet from property line or 60 feet from center line of public road, whichever is greater.
[2] 
Side: none; except when adjacent to a residential use, then 10 feet.
[3] 
Rear: 15 feet.
(b) 
Accessory structure:
[1] 
Front: 35 feet from property line or behind the front building line, whichever distance is less.
[2] 
Side: 15 feet.
[3] 
Rear: five feet.
(c) 
Where a lot fronts on more than one street, front yard setbacks shall apply to all streets.
(3) 
Maximum height of structures:
(a) 
All structures: 45 feet.
(4) 
Maximum coverage:
(a) 
Building coverage: 50%.
(b) 
Lot coverage: 90%.
[Added 8-3-2015]
A. 
Purpose. The purpose of this district is to provide locations for a limited segment of commercial and service-related activities within the suburban service area serving larger neighborhoods. This district is intended for application along the major thoroughfares and near existing residential zoning districts. Limited Commercial Districts are most appropriately found along major arterial thoroughfares which serve large segments of the county's residential population and provides a variety of small retail and service-related uses that are meant to be compatible with nearby residential uses. They typically will generate minimal light, noise, and other nuisances. They do not involve the constant traffic flows associated with larger retail/commercial activities.
B. 
Permitted uses:
Accessory apartment
Accessory uses/structures
Administrative services
Amateur radio tower
Antique shops
Automobile rental/leasing
Business or trade school
Business support services
Civic clubs
Clinic
Consumer repair services
Day-care center
Domestic chickens
Educational facilities, primary/secondary
Financial institutions
Funeral services
General office
Guidance services
Home beauty/barber salon
Medical office
Park-and-ride facility
Pawnshop
Personal improvement services
Personal services
Post office
Religious assembly
Retail sales
Studio, fine arts
Utility services
Veterinary hospital/clinic
Wayside stand
C. 
Conditional uses:
Automobile dealership
Automobile graveyard
Automobile parts/supply retail
Automobile repair services
Bed-and-breakfast
Commercial indoor amusement
Commercial indoor entertainment
Commercial indoor sports and recreation
Commercial outdoor entertainment
Commercial outdoor sports and recreation
Equipment sales and rental
Public assembly
Recycling center
Stable, commercial
Two-family dwelling
Wind energy system
Wireless communication facility
D. 
Site development regulations.
(1) 
Minimum lot requirements:
(a) 
Lots not served by public water or sewer:
[1] 
Area: one acre (43,560) square feet.
[2] 
Frontage: 100 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(b) 
Lots served by either public water or sewer:
[1] 
Area: 15,000 square feet (0.34 acre).
[2] 
Frontage: 80 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(c) 
Lots served by both public water and public sewer:
[1] 
Area: 10,000 square feet (0.23 acre).
[2] 
Frontage: 80 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(2) 
Minimum setback requirements:
(a) 
Principal structure:
[1] 
Front: 20 feet from property line or 45 feet from center line of public road, whichever is greater.
[2] 
Side: 15 feet.
[3] 
Rear: 15 feet.
(b) 
Accessory structure:
[1] 
Front: 45 feet from property line or behind the front building line, whichever distance is less.
[2] 
Side: 15 feet.
[3] 
Rear: five feet.
(c) 
Where a lot fronts on more than one street, front yard setbacks shall apply to all streets.
(3) 
Maximum height of structures.
(a) 
All structures: 25 feet.
(4) 
Maximum coverage:
(a) 
Building coverage: 40%.
(b) 
Lot coverage: 60%.
A. 
Purpose. The purpose of this district is to provide areas within the County which are suitable for less-intensive industrial activities. M-1 areas are primarily designated based on the suitability of the land in terms of slope and freedom from flooding, as well as the availability of public services, access to arterial road network, and proximity to rail and airport facilities or the interstate highway system. Distributing these areas throughout the County in a planned manner to create employment centers within close proximity to residential growth areas and reduce heavy traffic generation of industrial uses is encouraged. Since this district promotes uses that generally will conflict with most others, a high degree of protection to adjoining properties is strongly encouraged.
B. 
Permitted uses:
[Amended 3-29-2016]
Accessory uses/structures
Administrative services
Amateur radio tower
Brewery
Business or trade school
Business support services
Communications services
Composting
Construction sales and services
Construction yard
Consumer repair services
Contractor yard
Convenience store
Custom manufacturing
Distillery
Equipment sales and rental
Financial institutions
Garden center
General office
Hotel/motel/motor lodge
Industrial manufacturing
Kennel, commercial
Laboratories
Landscaping and lawn care services
Manufactured home sales
Medical office
Microbrewery
Mini warehouse
Park-and-ride facility
Parking facility
Pawn shop
Personal improvement services
Personal services
Post office
Public maintenance and service facility
Public parks and recreational areas
Recreational vehicle sales and service
Restaurant
Retail sales
Safety services, public
Sawmill
Studio, fine arts
Truck terminal
Veterinary hospital/clinic
Warehouse and distribution
Winery
C. 
Conditional uses:
Automobile graveyard
Aviation facility, private
Aviation facility, public
Flea market
Gasoline station
Outdoor gathering
Planned unit development
Public assembly
Recycling center
Resource extraction
Scrap and salvage services
Transfer station
Truck stop
Wireless communications facility
D. 
Site development regulations.
(1) 
Minimum lot requirements:
(a) 
Lots not served by public water or sewer:
[1] 
Area: 25,000 square feet (0.57 acre).
[2] 
Frontage: 100 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(b) 
Lots served by either public water or sewer:
[1] 
Area: 15,000 square feet (0.34 acre).
[2] 
Frontage: 80 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(c) 
Lots served by both public water and public sewer:
[1] 
Area: 10,000 square feet (0.23 acre).
[2] 
Frontage: 80 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(d) 
Minimum lot size and permitted densities for multifamily dwellings and townhomes are referenced in the Additional Regulations section.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Art. VIII, Additional Regulations.
(2) 
Minimum setback requirements:
(a) 
Principal structure:
[1] 
Front: 35 feet from property line or 60 feet from center line of public road, whichever is greater.
[2] 
Side: 15 feet.
[3] 
Rear: 35 feet.
(b) 
Accessory structure:
[1] 
Front: 35 feet from property line or behind the front building line, whichever distance is less.
[2] 
Side: 15 feet.
[3] 
Rear: 15 feet.
(c) 
Where a lot fronts on more than one street, front yard setbacks shall apply to all streets.
(3) 
Maximum height of structures:
(a) 
All structures: 35 feet.
(4) 
Maximum coverage:
(a) 
Building coverage: 35%.
(b) 
Lot coverage: 50%.
A. 
Purpose. The Planned Industrial (IP) District is established primarily for light to medium industrial uses. Supporting accessory uses and facilities, such as office and commercial establishments, are also permitted. The IP District is intended to be designed with a park-like atmosphere that complements surrounding land uses by means of appropriate siting of buildings, controlled access points, attractive and harmonious architecture, and effective landscape buffering. The IP District is intended to provide flexibility in design and site layout, allow latitude in combining different use types within a single development, and provide the developer with incentives to create an aesthetically pleasing and functional planned development. Important in determining the location and size of an IP District is the accessibility of the location, the availability of public utilities, public safety services, and the suitability of the topography for industrial purposes.
B. 
Permitted uses:
Accessory uses/structures
Administrative services
Agricultural services
Amateur radio tower
Automobile parts/supply, retail
Business or trade school
Business support services
Communications services
Community recreation
Construction sales and services
Consumer repair services
Convenience store
Crisis center
Educational facility, college/university
Educational facility, primary/secondary
Financial institution
Garden center
General office
Industrial manufacturing
Laboratories
Landscaping and lawn care services
Medical office
Park-and-ride facility
Parking facility
Personal improvement services
Personal services
Post office
Public maintenance and service facility
Public parks and recreational areas
Railroad facilities
Safety services, public
Utility services
Warehouse and distribution
C. 
Conditional uses:
[Amended 3-29-2016]
Accessory apartment
Asphalt plant
Automobile dealership
Automobile rental/leasing
Automobile repair services
Aviation facility, private
Aviation facility, public
Brewery
Custom manufacturing
Distillery
Fish hatchery
Gasoline station
Landfill, sanitary
Meat packing plant
Outdoor gathering
Planned unit development
Public assembly
Recycling center
Resource extraction
Safety services, private
Scrap and salvage yard
Transfer station
Transportation terminal
Truck terminal
Winery
Wireless communications facility
D. 
Uses specifically prohibited:
Abattoirs (slaughterhouses)
Contractor yards
Fuel storage yards
Lumberyards
Sawmills
Stonework
E. 
Site development regulations.
(1) 
Minimum acreage required to create a new Planned Industrial District or to expand an existing Planned Industrial District shall be 15 acres of contiguous land.
(2) 
Minimum lot requirements:
(a) 
Lots served by private well and sewage disposal system:
[1] 
Area: 1.5 acres (65,340 square feet).
[2] 
Frontage: 100 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(b) 
Lots served by either public water or sewer, or both:
[1] 
Area: 25,000 square feet (0.57 acre).
[2] 
Frontage: 100 feet on a publicly owned and maintained street.
(c) 
Minimum setback requirements:
[1] 
Front yard:
[a] 
Principal structure: 30 feet, or 20 feet when all parking is behind the front building line.
[b] 
Accessory structure: behind the front building line.
[2] 
Side yard:
[a] 
Principal structure: 10 feet.
[b] 
Accessory structure: three feet.
[3] 
Rear yard:
[a] 
Principal structure: 10 feet.
[b] 
Accessory structure: three feet.
[4] 
Where a lot fronts on more than one street, front yard setbacks shall apply to all streets.
(d) 
Maximum height of structures:
[1] 
All structures: 45 feet. Structures may exceed the height limitation provided a conditional use permit is approved in accordance with this chapter.
(e) 
Maximum coverage:
[1] 
Building coverage: 75% of total area.
[2] 
Lot coverage: 90% of total area.
(f) 
Special regulations:
[1] 
The following regulations shall apply in IP Districts:
[a] 
Required setback areas and other open areas not needed for operations shall be landscaped, and such landscaping shall be maintained at all times.
[b] 
The following buffer areas shall be required:
[i] 
A minimum of 75 feet from any adjoining agricultural, residential, village center or historic overlay district.
[ii] 
A minimum of 20 feet from any adjoining commercial or industrial district.
[c] 
No use shall be permitted which produces objectionable noise or smell, unshielded light, dust, or any other airborne nuisance which is perceptible beyond the property boundary line.
[d] 
All manufacturing, processing, testing, and similar operations shall be contained completely within buildings or structures.
[e] 
Refuse collections areas and bulk loading areas, including a loading and unloading berth, shall be screened from view from all public streets or common boundaries with residential districts. These facilities shall be screened using construction materials or earth berms or landscaping that provides year-round screening. This regulation shall not apply to parking or recreational facilities, except that such facilities shall be screened from any adjacent residential development.
(g) 
Utilities. Utilities shall be underground unless the type of service necessary for normal activity of the industry or business shall prohibit underground installation.
(h) 
In order to promote safe ingress and egress for the development, the minimum separation distance between entrances to the public right-of-way shall be 300 feet. Additional access between adjoining lots, such as frontage roads and shared parking lots, is strongly encouraged.
(i) 
Fire-prevention systems and hydrants. The placement of fire hydrants or other fire-prevention systems shall be reviewed by the local Fire Marshal to ensure compliance with the standards set forth by the National Fire Protection Association, or NFPA.
F. 
Site development recommendations.
(1) 
The IP District should be designed and developed as an industrial park with high standards for landscaping, buffering, and open space. To ensure a park-like atmosphere, the following recommendations are made:
(a) 
The principal entrance to the IP District should be sufficiently landscaped to comply with the purpose of this district.
(b) 
Parking should be located to the side or rear of the principal structures on the lot wherever feasible. During review, consideration will be given to topographical constraints, innovative site design, buffering and landscaping factors.
(c) 
Loading areas should be minimized and sufficiently screened as stated in the site development regulations.
(d) 
Fences should not be placed in front yards except where necessary for security purposes. Fencing should be uniform and well kept.
(e) 
Open space and recreational areas should be utilized in the design of the development. It is recommended that 15% of the total acreage be developed in this manner.
A. 
Purpose. The purpose of this district is to recognize, preserve, and encourage the continued appropriate development of historic resources in designated areas by establishing standards for development and allowable uses that will ensure such development. While much of the area in these districts may remain virtually unchanged, other sections may need to change to serve the best interest of the area and its environs and the surrounding property owners. Typical uses within this district include restoration and reconstruction of historic structures, related residential, educational, administrative, maintenance, public assembly, and festival activities, and limited supporting commercial activities.
B. 
Existing structures and land uses. The provisions of this section shall apply only to structures constructed and land uses established or modified after the effective enactment date of this chapter.
C. 
Permitted uses:
Museums, visitor centers and learning centers
Restoration and reconstruction of historic structures
Shops and facilities associated with the historic nature of the property
Accessory structures related to a permitted use
Administrative and maintenance facilities related to the historic property
Agriculture
Domestic chickens
Interpretive or other educational structures related to the historic property
Public activities, promotions, festivals, and celebrations
Single-family dwelling
Staff housing
D. 
Conditional uses.
Cemeteries
Religious assembly
E. 
Site development regulations.
(1) 
The site development regulations in the district shall be the same as those regulations in the A-1 Agricultural Zoning District.
(2) 
To provide for adequate screening from adjacent properties, any new structure development, restoration of existing structures, or access to facilities such as roads, parking facilities, or walking path, within 50 feet of any property line shall be screened with a natural vegetative buffer. The buffer shall contain a mixture of deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubbery.
(3) 
Signage shall meet the requirements of the A-1 Agricultural Zoning District and should directly relate to the historic nature of the property.
The purpose of the Floodplain Overlay District requirements is to prevent the loss of property and life, the creation of health and safety hazards, the disruption of commerce and governmental services, the extraordinary and unnecessary expenditure of public funds for flood protection and relief, and the impairment of the tax base. All references in this section to variances and recreational vehicles shall be limited to the applicable section herein.
These provisions shall apply to all lands within the jurisdiction of Appomattox County and identified in the one-hundred-year floodplain by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
The degree of flood protection required by these requirements is based on engineering and scientific methods of study. Larger floods may occur on rare occasions. These requirements do not imply that areas outside the floodplain districts and any land uses will be free from flooding or flood damage and shall not create liability on the part of the County or any officer or employee thereof for any flood damages that result from reliance on these requirements or any administrative decision lawfully made thereunder.
Floodplain districts shall include areas subject to inundation by water of the one-hundred-year flood. The basis for the delineation of floodplain district boundaries shall be the Flood Insurance Study for Appomattox County prepared by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, Federal Insurance Administration, dated January 2, 2008, as amended, in which the boundaries of the floodplain districts are shown on the Flood Boundary and Floodway Map, which is declared to be part of this chapter and which shall be kept on file at the Zoning Administrator's office.
A. 
District boundary changes. The delineation of any of the floodplain districts may be revised by the Board of Supervisors where natural or man-made changes have occurred and/or more-detailed studies have been conducted or undertaken by the United States Army Corps of Engineers, or other qualified agency or individual, which document the notification for such change. However, prior to any such change, approval must first be obtained from the Federal Insurance Administration.
B. 
Interpretation of district boundaries. Initial interpretations of the boundaries of the floodplain district shall be made by the Zoning Administrator. Should a dispute arise concerning the boundaries of any of the districts, the Board of Zoning Appeals shall make the necessary determination. A person questioning or contesting the location of the district boundary shall be given a reasonable opportunity to present a case and may submit his/her own technical evidence.
The floodplain areas within the County are hereby divided into four districts: Floodway District, Flood-Fringe District, Special Floodplain District, and Approximated Floodplain District.
A. 
The Floodway District is delineated for the purpose of this chapter using the criteria that a certain area within the floodplain must be capable of carrying waters of the one-hundred-year flood without increasing the water surface elevation of the flood more than one foot at any point. The areas included in this district are specifically defined in the above-referenced Flood Insurance Study and shown on the Flood Boundary and Floodway Map or Flood Insurance Rate Map.
B. 
The Flood-Fringe District shall be that area of the one-hundred-year floodplain not included in the Floodway District. The basis for the outermost boundary of this district shall be the one-hundred-year flood elevations contained in the flood profiles of the above-referenced Flood Insurance Study and as shown on the Flood Boundary and Floodway Map or Flood Insurance Rate Map.
C. 
The Special Floodplain District shall be those areas identified as Zone AE on the maps accompanying the Flood Insurance Study for which one-hundred-year flood elevations have been provided but for which no floodway has been delineated.
D. 
The Approximated Floodplain District shall be that floodplain area for which no detailed flood profiles or elevations are provided, but where a one-hundred-year floodplain boundary has been approximated. Such areas are shown as Zone A on the maps accompanying the Flood Insurance Study. For these areas, the one-hundred-year flood elevation and floodway information should be used, when available. Hydrologic and hydraulic analysis shall be undertaken only by professional engineers or others qualified to do so to determine this area when no other means is available. This information is the responsibility of the developer to provide to the Zoning Administrator.
A. 
In the Floodway District, no development shall be permitted except where the effect of such development on flood heights is fully offset by accompanying improvements which have been approved by all appropriate local and/or state authorities, as required herein. The following uses and activities may be permitted, provided that they do not require structures, fill, or storage of materials and equipment:
(1) 
Agricultural uses, such as general farming, pasture, grazing, outdoor plant nurseries, horticulture, truck farming, forestry, sod farming, and wild crop harvesting.
(2) 
Public and private recreational uses and activities, such as parks, day camps, picnic grounds, golf courses, boat launching and swimming areas, horseback riding and hiking trails, wildlife and nature preserves, game farms, fish hatcheries, trap and skeet game ranges, and hunting/fishing areas.
(3) 
Accessory residential uses, such as yard areas, gardens, play areas, and loading areas.
B. 
In the Flood-Fringe District, the development and/or use of land shall be permitted in accordance with the regulations herein provided so that all such uses, activities, and/or development shall be undertaken in strict compliance with the floodproofing and related provisions contained in the Virginia Unified Statewide Building Code and all other applicable codes and ordinances used by the Building Official.
C. 
In the Special Floodplain District, until a regulatory floodway is designated, no new construction, substantial improvements, or other development (including fill) shall be permitted within the areas of special flood hazard, designated as Zone AE on the Flood Insurance Rate Map, unless it is demonstrated that the cumulative effect of the proposed development, when combined with all other existing and anticipated development, will not increase the water surface elevation of the base flood more than one foot at any point within the County boundaries. Development activities in areas identified as Zone AE on the Appomattox County Flood Insurance Rate Map which increase the water surface elevation of the base flood by more than one foot may be allowed, provided that the developer or applicant first applies, with County endorsement, for a conditional Flood Insurance Rate Map revision and receives the approval of the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
D. 
In the Approximated Floodplain District, the development and/or use of land shall be permitted in accordance with the regulations herein provided so that all such uses, activities, and/or development shall be undertaken in strict compliance with the floodproofing and related provisions contained in the Virginia Unified Statewide Building Code and all other applicable codes and ordinances used by the Building Official.
A. 
All uses, activities, and development occurring within any floodplain district shall be undertaken only upon the issuance of a compliance permit as required in this chapter. Such development shall be undertaken only in strict compliance with the provisions of this chapter and with all other applicable codes and ordinances, such as the County Building Code. Prior to issuance of any such permit, the Zoning Administrator and the Building Official shall require all applications to include compliance with all applicable state and federal laws.
B. 
Under no circumstances shall any use, activity, and/or development adversely affect the capacity of the channel or floodways of any watercourse, drainage ditch, or any other drainage facility or system.
C. 
Prior to any proposed alteration or relocation of any channels or floodways of any watercourse or stream within the County, approval shall be obtained from the Division of Soil and Water Conservation (Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation). A permit from the United States Army Corps of Engineers and the Marine Resources Commission and/or certification from the State Water Control Board may be necessary. A joint permit application is available from any one of these agencies. Further notification shall be given to all affected adjacent jurisdictions. Copies of such notification shall be filed with the Division of Dam Safety and Floodplain Management (Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation) and the Federal Insurance Administration.
D. 
All applications for development in a floodplain district and all building permits issued for the floodplain shall contain the following information:
(1) 
Elevation of the lowest floor.
(2) 
Elevation of the one-hundred-year flood.
(3) 
Topographic information showing existing and proposed ground elevations.
E. 
The placement of any manufactured home within a floodway district is prohibited.
A structure or premises which lawfully existed before the enactment of these provisions but which is not in conformity with these provisions may be continued as a nonconforming use. Any modification, alteration, repair, reconstruction, or improvement of any kind to a structure and/or use less than 50% of its market value shall be elevated or floodproofed to the greatest extent possible. Any modification, alteration, repair, reconstruction or improvement of any kind greater than 50% of its market value shall be in full compliance with the provisions of the County Building Code.
A. 
In passing upon applications for variances, the Board of Zoning Appeals shall satisfy all relevant factors and procedures specified in other sections of this chapter and consider the following additional factors:
(1) 
The danger to life and property due to increased flood heights or velocities caused by encroachments. No variance shall be granted for any proposed use, development, or activity within any floodway district that will cause any increase in the one-hundred-year flood elevation.
(2) 
The danger that materials may be swept onto other lands or downstream to the injury of others.
(3) 
The proposed water supply and sanitation systems and the ability of these systems to prevent disease, contamination, and unsanitary conditions.
(4) 
The susceptibility of the proposed facility and its contents to flood damage and the effect of such damage on the individual owners.
(5) 
The importance of the services provided by the proposed facility to the community.
(6) 
The requirements of the facility for a waterfront location.
(7) 
The availability of alternative locations not subject to flooding for the proposed use.
(8) 
The compatibility of the proposed use with existing development and development anticipated in the foreseeable future.
(9) 
The relationship of the proposed use to the Comprehensive Plan and floodplain management program for the area.
(10) 
The safety of access by ordinary and emergency vehicles to the property in time of flood.
(11) 
The expected heights, velocity, duration, rate of rise, and sediment transport of the floodwaters expected at the site.
(12) 
The repair or rehabilitation of historic structures upon a determination that the proposed repair or rehabilitation will not preclude the structure's continued designation as an historic structure and the variance is the minimum necessary to preserve the historic character and design of the structure.
(13) 
Such other factors which are relevant to the purposes of this chapter.
B. 
The Board of Zoning Appeals may refer any application and accompanying documentation pertaining to any request for a variance to any engineer or other qualified person or agency for technical assistance in evaluating the proposed project in relation to flood heights and velocities and the adequacy of the plans for flood protection and other related matters.
C. 
Variances shall be issued only after the Board of Zoning Appeals has determined that the granting of such will not:
(1) 
Result in unacceptable or prohibited increases in flood heights;
(2) 
Result in additional threats to public safety;
(3) 
Result in extraordinary public expense;
(4) 
Create nuisances;
(5) 
Cause fraud or victimization of the public; or
(6) 
Conflict with local laws or ordinances.
D. 
Variances shall be issued only after the Board of Zoning Appeals has determined that the variance will be the minimum required to provide relief from hardship to the applicant.
E. 
The Board of Zoning Appeals shall notify the applicant for a variance, in writing, that the issuance of a variance to construct a structure below the one-hundred-year flood elevation:
(1) 
Increases the risks to life and property; and
(2) 
May result in increased premium rates for flood insurance.
F. 
A record shall be maintained of the above notification as well as all variance actions, including justification for the issuance of the variances. Any variances which are issued shall be noted in the annual or biennial report submitted to the Federal Insurance Administrator.