City of Newburgh, NY
Orange County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the City Council of the City of Newburgh 11-26-2012 by L.L. No. 6-2012. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Parking and Traffic Advisory Committee — See Ch. 71.
Fees — See Ch. 163.
Vehicles and traffic — See Ch. 288.
Wreckers and Towers — See Ch. 297.
The City Council of the City of Newburgh creates a Parking Violations Bureau to adjudicate parking violations in the City of Newburgh.
The following terms and words, when used in this chapter, shall have the meanings and effect as follows:
LESSEE
Any person, corporation, firm partnership, agency, association or organization that rents, bails, leases, or contracts for the use of one or more vehicles and has the exclusive use thereof for any period of time.
LESSOR
Any person, corporation, firm, partnership, agency, association or organization engaged in the business of renting or leasing vehicles to any lessee or bailee, under a rental agreement or otherwise, wherein the said lessee or bailee has the exclusive use of said vehicle for any period of time.
OPERATOR
Any person, corporation, firm, partnership, agency, association, organization or lessee that uses or operates a vehicle, with or without the permission of the owner, and an owner who operates his own vehicle.
OWNER
Any person, corporation, partnership, firm, agency, association, lessor or organization who, at the time of the issuance of a notice of violation in any city in which a vehicle is operated:
A. 
Is the beneficial or equitable owner of such vehicle; or
B. 
Has title to such vehicle; or
C. 
Is the registrant or coregistrant of such vehicle which is registered with the Department of Motor Vehicles of this state or any other state, territory, district, province, nation or other jurisdiction; or
D. 
Uses such vehicle in its vehicle renting and/or leasing business; or
E. 
Is an owner of such vehicle as defined by § 128 of the New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law or § 2100(a) of the New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law.
RESPONDENT
Any person, corporation, firm, agency, association or organization charged with a parking violation.
VEHICLE
A vehicle as defined in § 159 of the New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law.
VIOLATION
The violation of any law, rule, regulation or ordinance providing for or regulating the parking, stopping or standing of a vehicle within the City of Newburgh.
For the purposes of this chapter, the term "Commissioner," unless specifically designated otherwise, shall refer to the City Manager, who is charged with the specific responsibilities or duties referred to in this chapter.
There is hereby created an administrative tribunal, as authorized by Chapter 408 of the Laws of 2012, to be known as a "Parking Violations Bureau," to have jurisdiction of traffic infractions which constitute a parking violation as herein defined. Such Parking Violations Bureau shall hear and determine complaints of traffic infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, with the functions, powers and duties herein stated.
A. 
The head of such Parking Violations Bureau shall be the Director, who shall be appointed and serve at the pleasure of the City of Newburgh's City Manager, who has and possesses the authority of a Commissioner of Traffic pursuant to § 236 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York. The Director may exercise or delegate any of the functions, powers and duties conferred upon him or the Bureau by the Commissioner to any officer or employee of the Bureau deemed qualified by the Director.
B. 
The City Manager may appoint such number of Deputy Directors as he may deem necessary, but in no event to exceed four, who shall serve at the pleasure of the Commissioner; and said Commissioner may employ such officers and employees as may be required to perform the work of the Bureau, within the amounts available therefor in the City budget.
A. 
The Commissioner shall appoint supervising hearing examiners not to exceed six in number and senior hearing examiners not to exceed six in number. Every supervising hearing examiner shall have been admitted to the practice of law in the State of New York for at least seven years, and every senior hearing examiner for at least six years. The duties of each supervising hearing examiner and senior hearing examiner shall include but not be limited to:
(1) 
Presiding at hearings for the adjudication of charges of parking violations.
(2) 
The supervision and administration of the work of the Bureau.
(3) 
Membership on the Appeals Board of the Bureau, as herein provided.
B. 
The Commissioner shall appoint hearing examiners who shall preside at hearings for the adjudication of charges of parking violations. Hearing examiners shall be appointed and shall serve for such number of sessions as may be determined by the Commissioner and shall receive therefor such remuneration as may be fixed by the Council. Such hearing examiners shall not be considered employees of the City of Newburgh; and every hearing examiner shall have been admitted to the practice of law in New York State for at least five years and shall be appointed from a list of eligible candidates who have satisfied the standards established by a duly constituted committee of the Orange County Bar Association. All such hearing examiners shall have a minimum of two years' experience in the trial of issues in courts of record in the State of New York, exclusive of special term, or four years of quasi-judicial experience appearing before governmental agencies. Such hearing examiners shall be bona fide residents of the City of Newburgh.
The Parking Violations Bureau shall have the following functions, powers and duties:
A. 
To accept pleas to and to hear and determine charges of parking violations.
B. 
To provide for penalties other than imprisonment for parking violations in accordance with a schedule of monetary fines and penalties; provided, however, that monetary penalties shall not exceed the maximum amount allowed by the New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law for each parking violation.
C. 
To adopt rules and regulations, not inconsistent with any applicable provision of law, to carry out the purposes of Article 2-B of the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York, including but not limited to rules and regulations prescribing the internal procedures and organization of the Bureau, the manner and time of entering pleas, the conduct of hearings and the amount and manner of payment of penalties.
D. 
To issue subpoenas to compel the attendance of persons to give testimony at hearings and to compel the production of relevant books, papers and other things.
E. 
To enter judgments and enforce them, without court proceedings, in the same manner as the enforcement of money judgments in civil actions in any court of competent jurisdiction or any other place provided for the entry of civil judgment within the State of New York.
F. 
To compile and maintain complete and accurate records relating to all charges and dispositions and to prepare complete and accurate transcripts of all hearings conducted by the Bureau and to furnish such transcripts to the person charged at said person's own expense upon timely request and upon said person complying with the regulations of the Bureau.
G. 
To remit to the Comptroller, on or before the 15th day of each month, all monetary penalties or fees received by the Bureau during the prior calendar month, along with a statement thereof, and, at the same time, to file duplicate copies of such statement with the City Comptroller.
H. 
To answer, within a reasonable period of time, all relevant and reasonable inquiries made by a person charged with a parking violation or his attorney concerning the notice of violation (summons) served on that person. The Bureau must also furnish, within a reasonable period of time, to the person charged, on his request and upon complying with the regulations of the Bureau, a copy of the original notice of violation (summons), including all information contained thereon. Failure of the Bureau to comply with the provisions of this subsection or any part of the provisions of this subsection within 45 days of such inquiry, forwarded to the Bureau by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, will result, upon the request of the person charged, in an automatic dismissal of all charges relating to and only to that notice of violation (summons) to which the inquiry was made.
I. 
To prepare and issue a notice of violation in blank to members of the Police Department, parking enforcement officers and to other officers as the Bureau, by regulation, shall determine. The notice of violation (summons) or duplicate thereof, when filled in and sworn to or affirmed by such designated officers and served as provided in this chapter, shall constitute notice of the parking violation charged.
A. 
The notice of violation (summons) shall contain information advising the person charged of the manner and the time in which he may plead either guilty or not guilty to the violation alleged in the notice. Such notice of violation (summons) shall also contain a warning to advise the person charged that failure to plead in the manner and time provided shall be deemed an admission of liability and that a default judgment may be entered thereon. The form and wording of the notice of violation (summons) shall be prescribed by the Director. A duplicate of each notice of violation (summons) shall be served on the person charged in the manner hereinafter provided. The original or a facsimile thereof shall be filed and retained by the Bureau and shall be deemed a record kept in the ordinary course of business and shall be prima facie evidence of the facts contained therein.
B. 
A notice of violation (summons) shall be served personally upon the operator of a motor vehicle who is present at the time of service, and his name and address, together with the plate designation and the plate type as shown by the registration plates of said vehicle and the expiration date; the make or model and the body type of said vehicle; a description of the charged violation, including but not limited to a reference to the applicable traffic rule or provision of this chapter; information as to the days and hours the applicable rule or provision of this chapter is in effect, unless always in effect pursuant to rule or this chapter, and, where appropriate, the word "ALL" when the days and/or hours in effect are every day and/or 24 hours a day; the meter number for a meter violation, where appropriate; and the date, time, and particular place of occurrence of the charged violation shall be inserted therein. The notice of violation (summons) shall be served upon the owner of the motor vehicle or, if the operator is not present, by affixing such notice to said vehicle in a conspicuous place. Whenever so affixed, in lieu of inserting the name of the person charged with the violation in the space provided for the identification of said person, the words "owner of the vehicle bearing license" may be inserted, to be followed by the plate designation and plate type as shown by the registration plates of said vehicle, together with the expiration date, the make or model and the body type of said vehicle. Service of the notice of violation (summons) or a duplicate thereof by affixation as herein provided shall have the same force and effect and shall be subject to the same penalties for disregard thereof as though the same was personally served with the name of the person charged with the violation inserted therein.
C. 
For the purposes of this chapter, an operator of a vehicle who is not the owner thereof but who uses or operates such vehicle with the permission of the owner, express or implied, shall be deemed to be the agent of such owner to receive notice of violation (summons), whether personally served on such operator or served by affixation in the manner aforesaid, and service made in either manner as herein provided shall also be deemed to be lawful service upon such owner.
A. 
The owner of a vehicle that has had a notice of parking violation attached of affixed to his/her vehicle may, within the time specified in such notice, answer at the Parking Violations Bureau to the charges set forth therein, either in person or by power of attorney, by paying a prescribed fine and applicable surcharge and, in writing, waiving a hearing, pleading guilty to the charge and giving power of attorney to the person in charge of the Bureau to make such a plea and pay such fine to the Bureau. Acceptance of the fine and surcharge and power of attorney by the Bureau shall be deemed complete satisfaction of the violation, and the violator shall be given a receipt.
B. 
A plea shall be entered within eight days after service of the notice of violation. A plea may be entered in person or by representative or by ordinary mail at such location of the Bureau as from time to time shall be fixed by the Commissioner. Any plea entered by mail, if mailed in proper form within eight days after service of the notice of violation, shall be accepted by the Bureau.
C. 
Pleas by mail shall be made by:
(1) 
Entering the desired plea on the plea form on the back of the notice of violation;
(2) 
Entering the name and address in the space provided on the plea form;
(3) 
Signing the plea; and
(4) 
Mailing the notice of violation with the plea form completed, by appropriate form of mail, to the mailing address stated on the notice of violation.
D. 
A plea of guilty shall be accompanied by a check or money order for the payment in full of the appropriate fines set forth on the notice of violation for the subject violation(s).
E. 
A person pleading not guilty may request a hearing. This shall be done at the time of the pleading by completing the reverse side of the notice of violation in accordance with the instructions thereon.
F. 
Whenever a person charged with a parking violation enters a plea of not guilty, the Bureau shall advise such person personally by such form of first class mail as the Director may direct of the date on which he/she must appear to answer the charge at a hearing. The form and content of such notice of hearing shall be prescribed by the Director and shall contain a warning to advise the person so pleading that failure to appear on the date designated, or on any subsequent adjourned date, shall be deemed an admission of liability and that a default judgment may be entered thereon.
G. 
Whenever a plea of not guilty has been entered by a person in a timely fashion and a hearing upon the merits has been demanded, but has not yet been held, the Bureau shall not issue any notice of fine or penalty relative to the subject parking violation to that person prior to the date of the hearing.
H. 
Where an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a violation or fails to appear on a designated hearing date or subsequent adjourned date or fails after a hearing to comply with the determination of a hearing examiner, as prescribed by this chapter or by rule or regulation of the Bureau, such failure to plead, appear or comply shall be deemed, for all purposes, an admission of liability and shall be grounds for rendering and entering a default judgment in an amount provided by the rules and regulations of the Bureau. However, after the expiration of the original date prescribed for entering a plea and before a default judgment may be rendered, in such case, the Bureau shall, pursuant to applicable provisions of law, notify the operator or owner, by such form of first-class mail as the Bureau may direct:
(1) 
Of the violation charged;
(2) 
Of the impeding default judgment;
(3) 
That such judgment will be entered in the City Court of the City of Newburgh or other court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the entry of civil judgments within the state of New York; and
(4) 
That a default judgment may be avoided by entering a plea or making an appearance within 30 days of the sending of such notice.
I. 
Pleas entered within 30 days of the mailing of such notice shall be in the manner prescribed in the notice and not subject to such penalty or fee. In no case shall a default judgment be rendered or, where required, a notice of impending default judgment be sent more than two years after the expiration of the time prescribed for entering a plea.
J. 
Failure to plead or respond.
(1) 
Whenever a person has been issued a notice of violation and has not responded in the manner prescribed, a second notice of violation shall be provided by the Bureau by regular first-class mail in accordance with the following time periods:
(a) 
Within 40 days of the issuance of the first notice of violation if the motor vehicle is registered in New York State; or
(b) 
Within 40 days of the time when the Bureau received information on the ownership of the vehicle if the motor vehicle is registered in another state.
(2) 
The second notice shall include, at a minimum, the following information:
(a) 
The owner has 20 days from the issuance of the second notice in which to respond to the notice of violation for a parking violation.
(b) 
Failure to respond to the notice of violation for a parking violation may result in the suspension and nonrenewal of the owner's registration.
(c) 
Failure to respond to the notice of violation for a parking violation may subject the owner to additional penalties.
(d) 
Failure to respond to the notice of violation for a parking violation shall subject the owner to a default judgment and additional penalties.
(e) 
Submission of a plea of guilty to the parking violation makes the owner liable for payment of the stated fine and additional penalties.
(3) 
Whenever a person has been issued a second notice of violation for a parking violation and has not responded in a manner prescribed, a third notice shall be provided by the Bureau by regular first-class mail.
(4) 
The third notice shall include, at a minimum, the following information:
(a) 
The owner has 20 days from the issuance of the third notice in which to respond to the notice of violation for a parking violation;
(b) 
In addition to those penalties imposed after the first and second notices are issued, failure to respond to the notice of violation of a parking violation may subject the owner to one or more of the following:
[1] 
Default judgment;
[2] 
Impounding and/or immobilizing the owner's motor vehicle; and
[3] 
Any additional penalties prescribed by the New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law.
(5) 
Additional penalties.
(a) 
The failure to respond to the notice of violation for a parking violation may subject the owner to the additional penalties as follows:
Penalties for Failure to Respond to a Notice of Parking Violation
Number of Days from Issuance of First Notice of Violation
Penalty in Addition to Initial Fine
1 through 20 days
No penalty; liable for initial fine only
21st day
Initial fine, plus first penalty of $5
31 to 75 days, if third notice of violation mailed
Total of above, plus second penalty of $10
75 days or more
Total of above, plus third penalty of $20
90 days
Total of above, plus deemed admission of liability, subject to default judgment; and/or towing or immobilization and fees
A. 
All hearings will be held and payments are to be made in the City of Newburgh, New York, at such place as the Director shall designate from time to time; except that within nine months from the date the Parking Violations Bureau is operative, the Director is to designate not more than four decentralized locations where hearings will be held at least once per month.
B. 
All hearings shall be held daily from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., except on Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays, or at such other time designated by the Director.
C. 
Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of a violation shall be held before a hearing examiner, senior hearing examiner or supervising hearing examiner. All hearings shall be public. A respondent may be represented by legal counsel. The hearing examiner shall not be bound by the rules of evidence in the conduct of the hearing, except rules relating to privileged communications. No charges may be established except upon proof by substantial evidence. All testimony shall be given under oath or affirmation.
D. 
A record shall be made of every hearing, either by stenographic recordings or by mechanical or electronic methods, as the Director shall determine. A transcript of such record shall be supplied to a respondent on application and the payment of a fee as provided in Chapter 163, Fees, and the cost of such transcript. The hearing examiner may, in his discretion or at the request of the respondent, on a showing of good cause and need thereof, issue a subpoena to compel the appearance at a hearing of the officer who served the notice of violation (summons) or of other persons to give testimony, and he may issue a subpoena duces tecum to compel the production, for examination or introduction into evidence, of any book, paper or other thing relevant to the charges alleged.
E. 
In the case of a refusal to obey a subpoena, the Bureau may make application to the Supreme Court pursuant to § 2308 of the Civil Practice Law and Rules for an order requiring such appearance, testimony or production of evidence.
F. 
The Bureau may, with or without the respondent's request or consent, consolidate for hearing or appeal one or more charges pending against such respondent. An adjournment may be requested by the respondent prior to the hearing, but not more than two adjournments shall be granted except under extraordinary circumstances.
A. 
The hearing examiner shall make a determination of the charges, either sustaining or dismissing them. After a determination has been made sustaining the charges, the hearing examiner may examine the respondent's prior violations record prior to rendering a final determination.
B. 
A final determination of the charges shall be entered on a judgment record maintained by the Bureau, together with the records showing payment or nonpayment of penalties. A copy of such judgment record, or a transcript thereof, may be filed in the office of the Clerk of the City Court of Newburgh and/or in the office of the Clerk of the County of Orange and/or in such other county wherein the respondent resides or is employed.
A. 
There shall be an Appeals Board within the Bureau, which shall consist of three or more persons duly qualified as hearing examiners, excluding from the panel the hearing officer whose decision is the subject of the appeal.
B. 
An appeal from a determination of any hearing officer after a hearing on a plea denying a motion to reopen any matter shall be submitted to the Appeals Board, which shall have the power to review the facts and the law and shall have power to reverse or modify any determination appealed from for error of fact or law.
C. 
A party aggrieved by a final determination of a hearing examiner may obtain a review thereof by serving, either personally, in writing or by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, upon the Bureau, within 30 days of the entry of such final determination, a notice of appeal setting forth the reasons why the final determination should be reversed or modified. Upon receipt of such notice of appeal, the Bureau shall furnish to the appellant, at his request and at his own expense, a transcript of the original hearing. No appeal shall be conducted less than 10 days after the mailing of the transcript to the appellant or his attorney. The notice of appeal shall be in such form as the Director may prescribe. No appeal may be had where a plea of guilty or guilty with an explanation was entered by the respondent at the hearing.
D. 
Appeals shall be conducted in the presence of the appellant or his attorney, or both, if such right of appearance is expressly requested by the appellant in his notice of appeal and upon his complying with the regulations of the Bureau and paying of fee as outlined in Chapter 163, Fees. If the appellant elects to appear, the Bureau, within 30 days after the receipt of the notice of appeal, shall advise the appellant, either personally or by ordinary first-class mail, of the date on which he shall appear. No appeal shall be conducted less than 10 days after the mailing of such notification. The appellant shall be notified in writing of the decision of the Appeals Board.
E. 
The service of a notice of appeal shall not stay the enforcement of a judgment upon the determination appealed from unless the appellant shall have posted a bond in the amount of such determination at the time of or before the service of such notice of appeal, unless the enforcement of such judgment shall have been stayed by the Appeals Board.
F. 
The order of the Appeals Board shall be the final determination of the Bureau. Judicial review may be sought pursuant to Article 78 of the Civil Practice Law and Rules.
A. 
Pursuant to the authority conferred upon the City of Newburgh by the provisions of § 1640(a)14 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York, whenever a motor vehicle is parked or abandoned on the public streets of the City of Newburgh during snowstorms, floods, fires or other public emergencies, or is found unattended where it constitutes an obstruction to traffic, or where any such motor vehicle has been parked or abandoned in any place where stopping, standing or parking is prohibited, any police officer or parking enforcement officer of the City of Newburgh is hereby authorized to cause such vehicle to be removed and conveyed by means of towing the same, or otherwise, in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 288, Vehicles and Traffic, and Chapter 297, Wreckers and Towers, of the Code of Ordinances of the City of Newburgh. Such towing shall be at the risk of the owner of such vehicle, and the City of Newburgh shall assume no responsibility for the same.
B. 
An abandoned vehicle shall be defined and, if unclaimed, disposed of in accordance with § 1224 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York and the provisions of Chapter 288, Vehicles and Traffic, and Chapter 297, Wreckers and Towers, of the Code of Ordinances of the City of Newburgh.
C. 
Towing and storage charges.
(1) 
The owner or person entitled to possession of such vehicle shall pay a towing charge and storage charge for each day or fraction thereof after the first 24 hours that such vehicle is in the custody of the City of Newburgh, as provided in Chapter 163, Fees.
(2) 
These charges shall be in addition to the fines and penalties, if any, hereinafter provided within this chapter for vehicles that are left standing, stopped or parked illegally.
(3) 
Such towing charges shall be paid to the Parking Violations Bureau at a place designated by such Bureau, during the hours such Bureau is open.
D. 
Before the owner or person in charge of such vehicle shall be permitted to remove the same from the custody of the City of Newburgh, he shall furnish evidence of his identity and ownership or right to possession of such vehicle and shall sign a receipt and release in such form as the Parking Violations Bureau shall prescribe; provided, further, that such owner or person entitled to possession of such vehicle may not obtain the release of such vehicle before paying the towing, storage, outstanding parking summonses and related penalties and other fees hereinabove mentioned.
A. 
The operator of a vehicle shall be primarily liable for the penalties imposed pursuant to this chapter. The owner of the vehicle, even if not the operator thereof, shall also be liable therefor if such vehicle was used or operated with his permission, express or implied, but in such case, the owner may recover any penalties paid by him from the operator.
B. 
Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of this chapter or of any other provision of law, any person, corporation, firm, agency, association or organization that is the renter or lessor of a vehicle shall not be liable for penalties in excess of the schedule of fines imposed pursuant to this chapter if, upon an appropriate fixing of liability upon said renter or lessor, there shall be due and timely payment made of all scheduled fines.
C. 
A renter or lessor of a vehicle shall not be liable for penalties imposed pursuant to this chapter if, at the time the notice of violation (summons) or a duplicate of such notice is served, the registration plate number of the vehicle for which said notice of violation (summons) or duplicate was served and the address of the renter or lessor has been filed by the renter or lessor with the Bureau, and notice of the service of a notice of violation (summons) or a duplicate of such notice for a parking violation has not been given to the renter or lessor or by the Bureau within 90 days after such service. Such notice shall be given by ordinary mail to the address on file with the Bureau.
[Amended 11-12-2013 by L.L. No. 2-2013]
The schedule of fines and penalties shall be as follows:
Violation
Fine
Failure to deposit required coins in a parking meter, overtime parking in a metered space or other meter violation
$20
NOTE: Notwithstanding any other provision of this § 70-15 of this chapter, the penalty for a failure to deposit required coins in a parking meter, overtime parking in a metered space or other meter violation shall be satisfied by the payment of the sum of $15 if such payment is made within 48 hours of the time of the issuance of such notice/summons, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays or legal holidays.
Parking prohibited beyond time limit allowed, other than parking meter
$25
Parking over lines
$15
Improper angle parking
$15
Parking on the sidewalk
$25
Parking prohibited upon publicly or privately owned premises without permission
$30
Parking in City lot without permit
$25
Restricted parking near Newburgh Free Academy and St. Luke's Cornwall Hospital; Gidney Avenue parking lot
$15
Stopped, standing or parked facing wrong direction
$25
Stopped, standing or parked more than 12 inches from curb
$15
Parking prohibitions:
Parking prohibited at any time
$25
Parking prohibited during certain hours
$25
Parking prohibited on alternate days
$25
Parking prohibited on alternate days – snow emergency
$50
Parking prohibited on alternate days – street cleaning
$50
Parking prohibited on snow emergency routes
$50
Parking prohibited in a taxi stand
$25
Parking prohibited in a bus stop
$25
Parking prohibited in a loading zone
$25
Parking prohibited in boat trailer parking zone
$50
Standing prohibitions:
Standing prohibited at any time
$25
Standing prohibited during certain hours
$25
Standing prohibited from here to corner
$25
Stopping prohibitions:
Stopping prohibited at any time
$25
Stopping prohibited during certain hours
$25
Stopping prohibited from here to corner
$25
Stopped, standing or parked on a sidewalk
$25
Standing or parked in front of a public or private driveway
$25
Expired certificate of inspection or registration
$30
Stopped, standing or parked within 15 feet of a fire hydrant
$100
Double parking
$50
Obstructing traffic
$50
Interfering with snow removal
$50
Public Safety reserved parking
$25
Abandoned vehicle
$100
Parking/standing within 50 feet of firehouse
$50
Handicapped parking violations per § 1203-c of the Vehicle and Traffic Law
$100
NOTE: In addition, a surcharge of $30 has been levied by the state of New York for handicapped parking violations pursuant to § 1809-b of the Vehicle and Traffic Law.