[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Corinth as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Article I General Regulations
Article II Nuisance Abatement
[Adopted 11-4-1931 as Art. VII of the Village Ordinances; amended in its entirety 2-23-1983 by L.L. No. 1-1983 (Ch. 99 of the 1983 Code)]
No owner or occupant of any market in the Village of Corinth shall neglect to keep the same free from any offensive smell and clean or shall permit to accumulate any offal or refuse meat or bones about it or in said market.
The keeping of any slaughterhouse and all slaughtering of fowl, except by private families for their own use, within the Village of Corinth is hereby prohibited.
No person or persons shall deposit or knowingly suffer any member of his or her family or employees to deposit any dead carcass, carrion, putrid meats, spoiled vegetables, fish entrails or remains, offal, slops, refuse, garbage, human excrement or combination thereof, or other substances with an obnoxious odor or detrimental to the health, upon any lot within this Village or upon the bank of or in any brook, rivulet, pond, or river therein, or fail to remove the same from premises owned, occupied or leased by him or her, or under his or her control, within 24 hours after such condition has come to his or her knowledge.
No person shall keep any hogs, pigs or swine or any horses, cattle or domestic fowl within 100 feet of any part of any dwelling house or street in said Village or shall keep any such animal or animals so that an offensive or disagreeable scent arising from the place where the same shall be kept shall reach any dwelling house or street.
Any person committing an offense against the provisions of this article shall be guilty of a violation under the Penal Law and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punishable for each offense by a fine of not more than $250 or by imprisonment for not more than 15 days, or both.
[Adopted 10-19-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011 (Ch. 100 of the 1983 Code)]
The Board of Trustees finds that from time to time public nuisances exist in the Village of Corinth as a result of the operation of certain establishments and the use of certain property, including residential premises, in violation of such laws as the Penal Law of the State of New York, the New York State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code and the Code of the Village of Corinth, which nuisances substantially and seriously interfere with the interest of the public by affecting the quality of life, total community environment, commerce, property values, and public health, safety, peace, comfort and convenience and the general welfare of the Village. Specifically, the deterioration of some properties and the activities and patterns of behavior engaged in by certain individuals threaten the quality of life for the residents of the Village. The Board of Trustees further finds that the continued occurrence of such activities and violations is detrimental to the health, safety and welfare of the residents of the Village of Corinth, the businesses thereof and the visitors thereto.
It is the purpose of this article to authorize the Village to create one standardized procedure for securing legal and equitable remedies and to provide reform relating to the subject matter encompassed by this article and to strengthen existing laws on the subject. In so doing, this article shall authorize the Village to impose sanctions and penalties for such public nuisances and remediate the same. Such powers may be exercised either in conjunction with, or apart from, the powers contained in other laws without prejudice to the use of procedures and remedies available under such other laws. The Board of Trustees further finds that the sanctions and penalties and remedial measures authorized herein constitute a supplementary and suitable method of law enforcement in response to the rapidly expanding presence of public nuisances. These sanctions, penalties and remedial measures are reasonable and necessary in order to protect the health and safety of the residents of the Village and to promote the general welfare of the community.
A public nuisance is declared to exist where behavior in the use of or on a building, structure or place unreasonably interferes with the health, safety, peace, comfort or convenience of the general community and occurs within a period of six months with such frequency or duration that the continued occupancy of the building, structure or place presumes continuation of such unreasonable interference regardless of whether or not any person has been convicted for violation of any provisions of the Penal Law of the State of New York, the New York State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code or the Code of the Village of Corinth.
A public nuisance is declared to exist whenever, through the violation of any of the following provisions at a particular building, structure or place, 12 or more points are accumulated within a period of six months or 18 or more points within a period of 12 months under the following point system. Where more than one violation occurs during a single week, the total points for the incident shall be the highest point value assigned to any single violation occurring during that particular week.
The following violations shall be assigned a point value of six points:
Article 158 of the Penal Law: welfare fraud.
Sections 165.40, 165.45, 165.50 and 165.54 of the Penal Law: criminal possession of stolen property.
Sections 170.65 and 170.70 of the Penal Law: forgery of and illegal possession of a vehicle identification number.
Section 175.10 of the Penal Law: falsifying business records.
Article 178 of the Penal Law: criminal diversion of prescription medications and prescriptions.
Article 220 of the Penal Law: controlled substances offenses.
Article 221 of the Penal Law: offenses involving marijuana.
Article 225 of the Penal Law: gambling offenses.
Article 230 of the Penal Law: prostitution offenses.
Section 240.20 of the Penal Law: disorderly conduct.
Section 240.36 of the Penal Law: loitering in the first degree.
Sections 260.20 and 260.21 of the Penal Law: unlawfully dealing with a child.
Article 263 of the Penal Law: sexual performance by a child.
Article 265 of the Penal Law: firearms and other dangerous weapons.
Section 147 of the Social Services Law: food stamp program fraud.
The Alcoholic Beverage Control Law.
Section 415-a of the Vehicle and Traffic Law: vehicle dismantlers.
The following violations shall be assigned a point value of three points:
Chapter 180 of the Village Code , Adult Bookstores.
For the purpose of this section, where a violation is continuous, each week a violation continues shall be deemed a separate violation. A conviction for a violation shall not be required, and such violation shall be established by a preponderance of the evidence. Evidence of a violation may include, but is not limited to, police reports, investigative reports, execution of search warrants, results of police surveillance, arrest and/or conviction pursuant to local, state and federal laws, activities associated with trafficking of controlled substances, finding of weapons and/or controlled substances on or near the property, increased volume of traffic associated with the property, excessive police attention as a result of citizen complaints, as well as notices, citations and orders issued by the Code Enforcement Officer. However, a conviction as defined in accordance with the provisions of § 1.20 of the Criminal Procedure Law shall constitute conclusive proof of a violation. Conviction of an attempt to commit a violation of any of the specified provisions shall be considered a conviction for a violation of the specified provision.
In addition to the enforcement procedures established elsewhere, the Board of Trustees or the Board of Trustees' designee, after notice and opportunity for a hearing with respect to a public nuisance, shall be authorized:
To order the closing of the building, structure or place to the extent necessary to abate the nuisance;
To suspend for a period not to exceed six months or to revoke for a period of one year a certificate of occupancy issued for the building, structure or place, and to prevent the operator from obtaining a new certificate of occupancy for another location within the Village for the period of suspension or revocation;
To suspend for a period not to exceed six months or revoke for a period of one year any occupational license or permit issued by the Village related to the conduct of a business or trade at the building, structure or place, which suspension or revocation shall also apply to any other location within the Village operated by the holder for which the license or permit is required;
The imposition of a fine not to exceed $1,000 upon the owner, lessor or lessee of the building, structure or place where the nuisance is found to have occurred;
Any action necessary to abate the nuisance, including but not limited to cleaning, painting, repairing or demolishing any building, structure or place. The cost of any such remedy shall constitute a property tax lien against the property upon which such remedy is applied; or
Any combination of the above.
Prior to the issuance of an order by the Board of Trustees or the Board of Trustees' designee pursuant to this article, the Board of Trustees or the Board of Trustees' designee shall give notice and opportunity for a hearing to the owner, lessor, lessee and mortgagee of the building, structure or place wherein the public nuisance is being conducted, maintained or permitted. Such notice shall be served upon an owner pursuant to Article 3 of the Civil Practice Law and Rules, upon a lessor or lessee pursuant to § 735 of the Real Property Actions and Proceedings Law and upon a mortgagee by means of certified mail, return receipt requested, sent to the mortgagee's last known address, provided that any service other than delivery to the person to be served shall be complete immediately upon delivery, mailing or posting without the necessity of filing proof of service with the clerk of any court before the hearing. The person in whose name the real estate affected by such order of the Board of Trustees or the Board of Trustees' designee is recorded in the office of the County Clerk shall be presumed the owner thereof. Proceedings shall be commenced by service of the notice and opportunity for a hearing within 60 days after the occurrence of the most recent violation cited in the notice.
The lack of knowledge, acquiescence or participation in or responsibility for a public nuisance on the part of the owners, lessors, lessees, mortgagees and all those persons in possession or having charges as agent or otherwise, or having any interest in the property, real or personal, used in conducting or maintaining the public nuisance, shall not be a defense by such owners, lessors, lessees, mortgages and such other persons.
Upon the written directive of the Board of Trustees or the Board of Trustees' designee following the posting of an order issued pursuant to this article, officers of the Saratoga County Sheriff's Office and the Village Code Enforcement Office are authorized to act upon and enforce such orders.
Where the Board of Trustees or the Board of Trustees' designee closes a building, structure or place pursuant to this article, such closing shall be for such period as the Board of Trustees or the Board of Trustees' designee may direct, but in no event shall the closing be for a period of more than one year from the posting of the order pursuant to this article. If the owner, lessor or lessee files a bond in an amount determined by the Board of Trustees or the Board of Trustees' designee, which amount shall not exceed the value of the building, structure or place ordered to be closed, and submits proof satisfactory to the Board of Trustees or the Board of Trustees' designee that the nuisance has been abated and will not be created, maintained or permitted for such period of time as the building, structure or place has been directed to be closed by the order of the Board of Trustees or the Board or Trustees' designee, then the Board of Trustees or the Board of Trustees' designee may vacate the provision of the order that directs the closing of the building, structure or place.
A closing directed by the Board of Trustees or the Board of Trustees' designee pursuant to this article shall not constitute an act of possession, ownership or control by the Village of the closed building, structure or place.
It shall be a misdemeanor for any person to use or occupy or to permit any other person to use or occupy any building, structure or place, or a portion thereof, ordered closed by the Board of Trustees or the Board of Trustees' designee. Mutilation or removal of a posted order of the Board of Trustees or the Board of Trustees' designee shall be punishable by a fine not exceeding $250 or imprisonment for a period not exceeding 15 days, or both, for conviction of a first offense; for conviction of a second offense, both of which were committed within a period of three years, punishable by a fine of not less than $250 nor more than $500 or imprisonment for a period not to exceed 30 days, or both; and upon conviction for a third offense or subsequent offense, all of which were committed within a period of five years, punishable by a fine of not less than $500 nor more than $750 or imprisonment for a period not to exceed 60 days, or both, provided that such orders contain therein a notice of such penalty.
Intentional disobedience or resistance to any provision of the orders issued by the Board of Trustees or the Board of Trustees' designee pursuant to this article, in addition to any other punishment prescribed by law, shall be punishable by a fine of not more than $1,000 or by imprisonment not to exceed six months, or both.
The Board of Trustees or the Board of Trustees' designee may promulgate rules and regulations to carry out and give full effect to the provisions of this article.