Pierce County, WI
 
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
All premises intended for human occupation or occupancy shall be provided with an adequate, functioning public sewer, privy, POWTS, or other approved method of sewage disposal.
A. 
Validity.
(1) 
No person may install, repair, alter, modify or reconnect to a POWTS or privy unless the owner of the property on which the POWTS or privy is to be installed, repaired, altered, modified or reconnected holds a valid sanitary permit.
(2) 
No person may sell at retail a septic tank for installation unless the purchaser holds a valid sanitary permit.
(3) 
A sanitary permit is valid for two years from the date of issue and is renewable for similar periods thereafter with a renewal permit.
(4) 
A sanitary permit may be transferred from the holder to a subsequent owner of the land. The subsequent owner must obtain a new sanitary permit number and card from the issuing agent.
(5) 
A revision sanitary county permit may be approved for a change of plumber with a new permit application submitted and plan by a new plumber, unless plans were prepared by a plumbing designer, architect, or engineer. A new permit number is assigned and new card issued.
(6) 
A sanitary permit may be revised for an approved plan on file subject to § SPS 383.22(4) without a fee.
B. 
Application forms. The issuing agent shall use the sanitary permit forms approved by the Department for state permits and locally created forms for County sanitary permits.
C. 
Application process.
(1) 
The applicant shall submit the completed sanitary permit application to the issuing agent.
(2) 
The issuing agent shall review the certified soil tester's reports for the proposed POWTS and verify the report at the proposed site, if necessary.
(3) 
The issuing agent shall approve or disapprove applications for sanitary permits and assist applicants in preparing an approvable application.
(4) 
The issuing agent shall issue written notice to each applicant whose sanitary permit application is disapproved. Each notice shall:
(a) 
State the specific reasons for disapproval and amendments to the application, if any, which would render the application approvable.
(b) 
Inform the applicant of the right to appeal and the procedures for conducting an appeal under Chapter 68, Wis. Stats.
A. 
Construction affecting existing structures when the proposed construction will modify the design wastewater flow or contaminant load, or both, to an existing POWTS shall be in conformance with § SPS 383.25(2), Wisconsin Administrative Code. For purposes of this section, a modification in wastewater flow or contaminant load shall be considered to occur:
(1) 
For existing dwellings, when there is an increase or decrease in the number of bedrooms.
(2) 
For existing commercial facilities, public buildings, and places of employment, when there is a proposed change in occupancy of the structure; or the proposed modification affects either the type or number of plumbing appliances, fixtures or devices discharging to the system.
B. 
A sanitary permit for construction modifying wastewater flow or contaminant load, or both, shall be required. The sanitary permit shall require documentation to verify whether the size of the existing private sewage system can accommodate the increased wastewater. Documentation shall comply with § SPS 383.25(2)(d) and (e) of the Wisconsin Administrative Code.
C. 
No permit for construction involving modified wastewater flow or contaminant load, or both, shall be issued unless the existing system is approved according to Subsection B of this section by recording a signed per capita flow statement or covenant in the Register of Deeds office or the existing system is modified to comply with this chapter.
A. 
The fee for a sanitary permit shall be as established by the Pierce County Board of Supervisors.
B. 
Fees shall be established for all activities and systems listed in Chapter SPS 383 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code and for other activities and permits as established by the County Board.
C. 
The County may not charge more than one fee for a sanitary permit or the renewal of a sanitary permit in any twelve-month period.
D. 
The issuing agent shall forward a copy of each valid state sanitary permit and the Department's portion of the fee to the Department within 90 days after the permit is issued.
E. 
Plan revision. No permit fee shall be charged for a system that requires revision from the Department or Pierce County issuing agent on a parcel that has a valid sanitary permit.
A. 
The issuing agent shall inspect or cause the inspection of all POWTS after construction but before backfilling, no later than the end of the next workday, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after receiving notice from the plumber in charge.
B. 
The issuing agent shall file inspection reports and conduct surveys and inspections as required by the Department.
A. 
The applicant for a sanitary permit shall be provided written notice of the maintenance program at the time the sanitary permit is issued. The records of this notification shall be maintained by the issuing agent.
B. 
Every three years after the installation of a POWTS, the owner will be provided a certification form by the County issuing agent at least 30 days prior to its due date. The form must be filled out and signed by either a licensed master plumber or master plumber restricted sewer; a certified septage servicing operator under Chapter NR 114 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code; a certified POWTS inspector; or a registered POWTS maintainer licensed to inspect septic systems.
C. 
The certification form will state that:
(1) 
The POWTS is in proper operating condition at the time of inspection.
(2) 
The septic tank was recently pumped by a certified septage servicing operator or it was inspected and is less than 1/3 full of sludge and scum.
D. 
Circumstances, such as inclement weather, road weight restrictions and site limitations, may necessitate a delay in septic tank maintenance until conditions permit.
E. 
The certification form is to be filed with the Pierce County Department of Land Management.
A. 
Soil evaluation reports shall be completed in accordance with §§ SPS 385.20 and 385.30 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code. Soil and site evaluation reports shall be prepared and submitted to the issuing agent in accordance with § SPS 385.40 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code.
B. 
Plot plans shall be submitted in accordance with § SPS 385.40(3) of the Wisconsin Administrative Code. All plot plans shall have a location map.
C. 
Perc test reports on file for perc tests performed after June 21, 1980, will be allowed to be used for the permitting of a soil absorption system, provided adequate information is available to design a POWTS that will meet current code standards.
D. 
Perc tests submitted before June 21, 1980, will require a complete soil and site evaluation by a certified soil tester.
The issuing agent shall conduct an on-site inspection to verify the soil conditions for all experimental soil absorption systems. At least one soil observation pit is needed to verify the soil conditions. Experimental systems approved by the Department shall comply with § SPS 383.27 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code.
A. 
The installing licensed plumber shall indicate on the as-built exactly the way the system was installed.
B. 
As-builts shall be submitted by the installing licensed plumber to the issuing agent before the following calendar year. As-built forms can be obtained from the issuing agent.
A. 
In an emergency or due to inclement weather, a sanitary permit may be issued in an apparent noncompliance with the administrative rules because the owner is acting under the direction of the County or Department to abate a nuisance or other health or safety concern. A permit may be issued prior to the conduct of a soil evaluation report and plan submittal.
B. 
As a part of this procedure, the owner must be made aware that he or she is responsible for conducting a soil evaluation report or corrective measures as specified in the sanitary permit if the existing POWTS is failing.
The issuing agent shall not issue a land use or a conditional use permit for the construction of a structure to be connected to an existing POWTS, the reconstruction of a structure connected to an existing POWTS, or the disconnecting of a structure from an existing structure and connecting another structure to an existing POWTS, unless the owner provides the documentation required per § SPS 383.25(2), Wisconsin Administrative Code.
No sanitary permit shall be issued for a temporary holding tank unless the permit holder has a servicing contract with a certified septage servicing operator.
A. 
Privies shall be in conformance with § SPS 391.12, Wisconsin Administrative Code. The storage chamber of a vault privy shall conform to the construction requirements for holding tanks and shall have a minimum storage capacity of 200 gallons or one cubic yard. The storage chamber shall be anchored to prevent flotation caused by saturated soil conditions. Applicants for vault privies shall record a signed privy installation agreement in the Register of Deeds office. Applicants for vault privies shall have a holding tank servicing contract signed, notarized, and filed with the issuing agent prior to issuance of the sanitary permit.
B. 
Applicants for pit privies shall submit a soil evaluation report by a certified soil tester indicating conformance with limiting factors expressed in the plumbing code. The storage chamber of a pit privy shall be sited in soils recognized to provide treatment and dispersal in accordance with the plumbing code. Applicants shall record a signed privy installation agreement in the Register of Deeds office.
C. 
The storage chamber for a pit or vault privy shall be provided with a vent for the purpose of relieving explosive gases. The vent shall be at least three inches in diameter, installed in accordance with § SPS 382.31 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code and be fabricated or provided with screening to prevent insects from entering the storage chamber. All windows, ventilators and other openings of privies shall be screened to prevent insects from entering.
D. 
Servicing of a vault privy relative to the pumping, transporting and disposal of the contents shall be in accordance with Chapter NR 113 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code.
E. 
Abandonment of a vault privy shall be accomplished by having the contents of the storage chamber pumped and disposed of in accordance with Chapter NR 113 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code and per § SPS 391.12(4), Wisconsin Administrative Code.
F. 
The abandonment of a pit privy shall be accomplished per § SPS 391.12(5), Wisconsin Administrative Code.
G. 
A privy shall not be installed in the floodway. A privy installed in the flood-fringe shall comply with floodproofing and other applicable floodplain ordinance standards. (Note: See Chapter 238, Floodplain Zoning Ordinance for Pierce County, Wisconsin.)
H. 
Setback requirements. Setback requirements shall be as follows:
Well
(feet)
Structure
(feet)
Lot Line
(feet)
Slope Greater Than 12%
(feet)
Ordinary High Water Mark
(feet)
Lake/ Stream
(feet)
Pit privies
50
25
25
25
50
75
Vaulted privies
25
25
25
25
50
75
I. 
All privies shall be properly vented and rodent-resistant, have a self-closing door and be kept in a nuisance-free condition.
J. 
Public privies shall also comply with state requirements for public facilities found in § SPS 391.12 and Chapters SPS 361 to Chapter SPS 366, Wisconsin Administrative Code.
K. 
Composting and incinerating toilets are permitted and allowed in public parks and public recreational areas subject to §§ SPS 391.10 and SPS 391.11, Wisconsin Administrative Code.
This program is also commonly referred to as the Wisconsin or WI Fund. Filing deadline for the application is December 15. Applications received after the 15th of December will be processed the following year. Owners shall pay for the replacement of their POWTS prior to grant submittal.
A. 
This chapter shall not create a liability on the part of or be a cause of action against the County or any officer, agent or employee thereof for any injury or damage that may result from reliance on this chapter or approval or denial of any permit or site.
B. 
The issuance of a sanitary permit and the final inspection of such a system does not warrant the system's function nor is there a guarantee that the system is free from defects or that all aspects of the system comply with Wisconsin Statutes or Administrative Code requirements.