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City of West Allis, WI
Milwaukee County
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(1) 
Permit Required. No building structure or premise shall be wired for electric lights, meters, heating units, signs, refrigeration or other electrical wiring, nor shall any electrical equipment be installed, nor shall any alteration or change be made, in any wiring system, nor shall electric current be supplied to any new electrical system before notifying the Electrical Inspector and securing a permit and/or authority to proceed with the work.
(2) 
Permit Not Required. No electrical permit shall be required for the following. Although exempted from permit requirements, all installations shall conform to current electrical code requirements.
[Ord. O-2016-0013, 3/1/2016]
(a) 
One- or Two-Family Use Properties.
(i) 
A homeowner, who resides at the same single-family dwelling, may replace lights, switches, receptacles and fixtures in the same location. The homeowner is responsible to install code compliant devices per the Wisconsin Electrical Code, including, but not limited to, tamper-resistant, GFCI or weather-resistant receptacles where required.
(ii) 
Replacement equipment and appliances having a proper factory supplied flexible cord.
(iii) 
Installation of a paddle fan fixture or replacement paddle fan fixture where the existing supporting wiring and supporting electrical box is listed/labeled to support the fixture.
(3) 
To Obtain a Permit. Except as in Paragraph (a) below, a licensed contractor shall first file, with the Electrical Inspector, an application for an electrical permit. The application shall state the name of the owner of the property, the address of the premise where the work is proposed, a description of all work proposed and other information as the Electrical Inspector may request. Required fees, as prescribed by this Code, shall accompany the application.
[Ord. O-2016-0013, 3/1/2016]
(a) 
The requirement for a licensed contractor to file the permit application may be waived by the Director of Building Inspection and Neighborhood Services, or designee, for a State of Wisconsin licensed Master Electrician doing work on his or her own single-family home, in which he or she resides and for which he or she is listed as an owner on the title. The Master Electrician homeowner is still required to obtain a permit and pay the same required permit fees, as prescribed by this Code.
(4) 
Temporary Work. On applying for a permit for temporary work, a specified period of time for which such wiring is to remain in service shall be stated. Service shall be disconnected at the end of this period and shall not again be connected without written permission from the Electrical Inspector. For buildings where conduit wiring is required, special permits for temporary work may be granted by the Inspector for the installation of exposed wiring of lights and power for building operations, display, decorative lighting, etc., for use for a limited period, subject to discontinuance and complete removal at expiration, and to condemnation and revocation within such period.
(5) 
Emergency Work. In the case of emergency work, the electrical contractor doing or causing such work to be done shall report the same to the Electrical Inspector immediately after beginning work; and, such work shall be done in accordance with the provisions of this Code.
(6) 
Issuance of Permit.
(a) 
No electrical work shall be performed until an electrical permit has been issued by the validation of the permit by the Electrical Inspector and proper fees have been paid for in the amount required by the fee schedule.
(b) 
If upon examination it is found that the information on the application is complete, the Electrical Inspector shall issue an electrical permit, provided that the permit holder agrees and expressly states that (s)he has been employed to perform the installation, is fully capable and in possession of knowledge and ability to design, lay out, install, alter or replace the work designated in the application, in accordance with the regulations of this Code, and with all other ordinances and laws pertinent thereto, and will install electrical equipment as described in the application for an electrical permit in a safe, legal and workmanlike manner.
(c) 
The Electrical Inspector may require the applicant to submit plans, drawings, specifications, schedules, literature or other materials, such as samples or test reports, as may be necessary to determine the compliance of equipment for safe installation and use.
(d) 
A fee may be assessed for plan review in accordance with the fee schedule.
(e) 
No other electrical work shall be done except work as described in the application for permit. Additional work not listed on the original permit shall require a new electrical permit to be secured prior to starting the new work.
The electrical permit shall have lapsed and be void unless electrical work is commenced within one hundred twenty (120) days of the date of issuing of the permit or, if work authorized by the permit is suspended at any time after the work is commenced, for a period of one hundred twenty (120) days. Before such work can be recommenced, a new permit shall be first obtained. A written request from the permit holder, prior to termination, may extend the electrical permit up to an additional one hundred twenty (120) days. A permit that has lapsed and become void shall not relieve the permit holder of completion of the electrical work to a safe condition.
The Electrical Inspector may revoke a permit or approval issued under the provisions of this Code in case of false statements or misrepresentation as to a material fact in the application or plans on which a permit or approval was based. A permit that has been revoked shall not relieve the permit holder of completion of the work to a safe condition.
No permit shall be issued to any licensee who is in arrears on the payment of any of the fees or special assessments or who has failed to comply with any outstanding lawful order of the Electrical Inspector.
The approval or conditional approval of a building, plumbing or HVAC permit shall not be considered as approval of the electrical plans, electrical specifications, electrical equipment or of an electrical permit.
(1) 
Authority of the Electrical Inspector. When any work is begun on the installation or alteration of an electrical system or to the installation of new or replacement of any electrical equipment without first obtaining an electrical permit therefor, except emergency cases, the Electrical Inspector shall have the power and authority to disconnect or order disconnection immediately of any such equipment or electrical system and to stop work until a permit has been procured.
(2) 
Penalty. When obtaining an electrical permit after the work has commenced, the total fee shall be doubled with a minimum fee in accordance with the fee schedule.
(3) 
Compliance. The payment of such double fee shall not relieve the permit holder from fully complying with all the regulations of this Code or from any other penalties prescribed by the Code.
(4) 
Emergency. The determination as to the existence of an emergency shall be made by the Electrical Inspector.
[Ord. O-2005-0001, 1/4/2005]
(1) 
Inspections. Upon completion of any installation, alteration or replacement of electrical equipment which requires a permit, it shall be the duty of the electrical contractor making the installation, alteration or replacement to notify the Electrical Inspector, who may inspect the installation, alteration or replacement as soon thereafter as practicable. When any electrical equipment requiring a permit is to be concealed by the permanent placement of parts of the building, the electrical contractor installing the electrical equipment shall notify the Electrical Inspector to that effect, and such equipment shall not be concealed by the person installing such parts of the building until after it has been inspected and approved by the Electrical Inspector. On installations where the concealment of electrical equipment proceeds continuously, the electrical contractor installing the electrical equipment shall give the Electrical Inspector due notice and inspection shall be made periodically during the progress of the work as directed by the Electrical Inspector.
(2) 
Notification and Inspection of Work. The licensee shall notify the Electrical Inspector when work is ready to be inspected. The request shall include the contractor's name, the permit number, the location of the work to be inspected and other pertinent information necessary to allow to allow for the inspection.
(3) 
Inspection of Work. The Electrical Inspector shall perform the requested inspection within two (2) business days, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after receiving notification. If, after two (2) business days, an inspection has not been made, the contractor shall inform the Electrical Inspector of his or her intention to proceed with the work.
(4) 
Inspection Types. Inspection types for an issued electrical permit:
(a) 
A rough-in inspection before concealment of electrical wiring or raceway piping;
(b) 
Final inspection for releasing the installation for its intended use; and
(c) 
Reinspections, as necessary, to confirm compliance and satisfactory completion of the electrical work.
(5) 
Access. The electrical contractor shall provide access for any inspection that is not readily accessible for an inspection such as, but not limited to, rooftops, tunnels, etc.
(6) 
Approval. If it is found that the installation complies with this code, the Electrical Inspector shall document approval of same and authorize concealment of the electrical wiring, connection of electrical service or final inspection approval of the installation for its intended use.
(7) 
Certificate of Inspection. For connection of a new or replacement electrical service to any building, structure or premises, the Electrical Inspector shall issue a certificate of inspection to the electric company furnishing electrical power, and the power company shall not energize said service until receiving approval from the Electrical Inspector.
(8) 
Disapproval. If the installation for which a permit has been issued is incomplete or not strictly in accordance with the code, the Electrical Inspector shall post a rejection notice. The notice shall not be removed until approved by the Electrical Inspector. The electrical contractor installing the faulty installation shall remove all hazards and make necessary changes or additions to comply with the code within ten (10) days and call for a reinspection. A reinspection fee may be assessed for reinspection and failure to adhere to the ten (10) day notice. The electrical contractor may extend the ten (10) day notice when approved by the Electrical Inspector, except for emergencies or other conditions involving public safety.
(9) 
Authority to Remove. The Electrical Inspector shall have authority to cause the removal of any obstruction which may prevent the proper inspection of any electrical equipment. Concealment of electrical work before inspection by any person is a violation of this code.
(10) 
Final Inspection. The electrical contractor shall promptly call for a final inspection when work is completed and before the electrical installation is used for its intended purpose. It is the responsibility of the electrical contractor to insure the electrical installation is safeguarded until approved by the Electrical Inspector. A penalty fee may assessed for failure of the electrical contractor to promptly request a final inspection.
(11) 
Residential Affidavit Permit and Inspection.
[Ord. O-2007-0018, 5/15/2007]
(a) 
A residential electrical affidavit permit may be issued to an electrical contractor to perform electrical work as limited within this subsection. The permit is limited to single- or two-family use properties only. The permit will not require an inspection, but the Electrical Inspector may review contractor work for a permit issued under this section. The permit shall contain the signature of the supervising electrician certifying that the covered repair, replacement, fished or exposed installation of electrical equipment conforms to all local and state laws and that all work described on the application will be, during installation and when completed, performed in a safe, legal and workmanlike manner.
(b) 
The residential affidavit permit shall allow the licensed electrical contractor to perform any two (2) of the following repairs, replacements, or installations, or any combination of two (2) items at any one (1) residential unit. An electrical contractor may only be issued one (1) affidavit permit per year. The residential unit may only be allowed one (1) affidavit permit per year unless authorized by the Electrical Inspector.
Outlet for fixture, lamp, switch or receptacle
Fixture replacement [total maximum five (5)]
Motor, including disconnecting means (furnace, exhaust fan, etc.)
Water heater
Dryer or dryer outlet
Air-conditioner, including disconnecting means or air conditioner outlet
Range or range outlet
Garbage disposal, including disconnecting means
Dishwasher, including disconnecting means
(12) 
Stop-Work Order.
(a) 
When it is found that any electrical installation is being made, or that any electrical device, equipment or fixture is being installed contrary to the provisions of this code, or that such electrical installation, device, equipment or fixture is dangerous or unsafe, the Electrical Inspector may issue or cause to be issued a stop-work order. Any person violating this regulation shall be subject to penalty pursuant to Section 14.99 of this chapter.
(b) 
Such stop-work order shall be in writing and shall be served upon the owner of such property, a duly authorized agent or the person responsible for such work. The stop-work order shall set forth the reasons why such work is being stopped and the provisions of the code being violated.
(c) 
A stop-work order shall be posted in a conspicuous place upon the premises and it shall be unlawful for any person to remove such order or to perform any work on the electrical installation, device, equipment or fixtures so long as the stop-work order shall remain.
(13) 
Unsafe Conditions, Owner Responsibility.
(a) 
The Electrical Inspector is authorized to inspect any building, structure, dwelling unit or equipment thereon which is reported or found to have electrical systems or parts thereof that are in violation of the electrical code or that are damaged, dangerous, unsafe, unsanitary or unfit for human habitation. The Electrical Inspector, upon presentation of proper credentials, may enter at any reasonable time any building, structure or premises to enforce this code. The Electrical Inspector is authorized to issue a notice or order upon the property owner to correct any violation of the electrical code observed by such Inspector. The property owner shall promptly authorize correction of code violations.
(b) 
The Electrical Inspector is authorized to order the discontinued occupancy or use of a building, structure, dwelling or equipment if, in the Inspector's judgment, the building, structure, dwelling or equipment is unsafe, dangerous, unsanitary or unfit for human habitation. An order is to be issued upon the owner and persons occupying or using the building, structure, dwelling unit or equipment. An order to discontinue occupancy or use shall identify the code violation that causes the building, structure, dwelling unit or equipment to be unsafe, dangerous, unsanitary or unfit for human habitation. The Director of the Department of Building Inspections may also order the installation of temporary safeguards, and upon installation of such safeguards, may permit the occupancy or use to continue or resume on a limited basis until code violations have been corrected. If the building, structure, dwelling unit or equipment can be made safe or fit for human habitation by repairs, the order shall specify a time to make repairs.
(c) 
The owner of the property is responsible for correction of violations issued by the Electrical Inspector in a Notice or Order. The Electrical Inspector is authorized and may commence and prosecute legal action in municipal or circuit court.
The electrical contractor shall reasonably safeguard electrical work during installation from unauthorized use.
Any electrical system, or part thereof, installed contrary to the provisions of this Code or being installed in a dangerous or unsafe manner, shall be stopped immediately upon posted notice from the Electrical Inspector. A written notice shall be given to the owner of the property, to the owner's agent, to the person in possession or to the person doing the work, and shall state the conditions under which the work was posted.
[Ord. O-2005-0001, 1/4/2005]
Electrically illuminated signs may be inspected before installation by the Electrical Inspector. All such signs shall be constructed and listed as required by the Wisconsin Administrative Code, Rules of Electrical Code, Volume 2. Custom outline neon lighting, interior and exterior, shall not be energized until approved by the Electrical Inspector.
[Ord. 6350, 12/16/97; Ord. No. O-2003-0050, 7/1/2003; Ord. O-2005-0001, 1/4/2005; Ord. O-2007-0018, 5/15/2007; Ord. O-2009-0027, 11/3/2009; Ord. O-2015-0044, 8/15/2015; Ord. O-2019-0013, 4/1/2019]
Before receiving a permit, record or service found in this chapter, the owner or agent shall pay a fee as specified in the most recent Schedule of Fees resolution.
When additional inspections are required because of failure to comply with Code requirements, additional permit fees may be assessed as listed in the fee schedule.
[Ord. O-2005-0001, 1/4/2005]
An additional fee may be assessed for failure of the electrical contractor to call for an inspection or allowing use of an installation prior to inspection, concealing work prior to approval or failing to comply with the Notice or Order of the Electrical Inspector. Additionally, an electrical contractor may be placed in a "no permit status" for failure to secure permits, failure to call for inspections or failure to conform to the Orders of the Electrical Inspector.
A request may be made in writing by the permit holder for a refund of permit fees, if the request is made within one hundred twenty (120) days of the issuance of the permit. Requests received after one hundred twenty (120) days may be referred to the Common Council for approval. The amount of refund eligible for refund shall be in accordance with the fee schedule.
All permit fees shall become property of the City of West Allis and shall be delivered to the City Treasurer and credited to the general fund.
(1) 
Violation. It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to erect, construct, install, alter, repair, move, demolish, convert, equip, use, occupy or maintain any building, structure or premise in the City, contrary to or in violation of any provision of this Code, or to cause, permit or support the same to be done.
(2) 
Penalties. Any person, firm or corporation that shall violate any of the provisions of this Code shall forfeit not less than ten dollars ($10) or more than five hundred dollars ($500) for each violation, together with the costs of prosecution and, in default of payment of such forfeiture and costs, shall be confined in the Milwaukee County House of Correction until such forfeiture and costs are paid, for not more than the number of days set forth in sec. 800.095(4) of the Wisconsin Statutes. Each and every day during which any such violation continues shall constitute a separate offense.
(3) 
Injunctive Action and Abatement. In addition to the penalties provided in subsection (2), appropriate legal or equitable action may be commenced to obtain compliance or enjoin any person, firm or corporation from violating any of the sections of this Code.